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한국스페인어문학회> 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구)> 우나무노의 문학에서 불멸과 개인 동일성의 문제

KCI등재

우나무노의 문학에서 불멸과 개인 동일성의 문제

Immortality and the Problem of Personal Identity in Unamuno’s Literature

조민현 ( Cho Minhyun )
  • : 한국스페인어문학회
  • : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 09월
  • : 141-159(19pages)
스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구)

DOI

10.21811/EH.104.141


목차

1. 서론
2. 불멸에 대한 사유의 출발점과 삶의 비극성
3. 기억을 통한 개인의 동일성 지속
4. 개인 동일성의 해체와 공동체 속에서의 불멸
5. 결론
참고문헌

키워드 보기


초록 보기

The quest of immortality is one of the central themes running through Unamuno's works. The starting point of his thought in this regard is the conflict between the faith that pursues the immortality of existence and the reason that awakens human beings to the impossibility of it, as well as the ‘tragic sense of life’ that appears as a result. Based on this, Unamuno explores the way in which a being can become immortal in the midst of his life in literary works such as Mist and The Christ of Velázquez. However, at the end of his life, he reveals a negative view on the afterlife and immortality, as seen in Saint Manuel Bueno, Martyr, and seems to give up his intense longing for the survival as an individual after physical death. This study considers this change not as a result of Unamuno’s end of his longing for immortality but as a shift in the way he pursues immortality and tries to understand it in relation to his modified perspective on ‘personal identity’. Considering this aspect, we find that the immortality he seeks is transformed from an individual level based on personal identity to a collective level. In this way, the present study attempts to examine how the immortality pursued by Unamuno is related to the problem of personal identity.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 서반어문
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1738-2130
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1987-2022
  • : 1688


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Today, innovative strategies and concrete examples are being introduced that have been applied to artificial intelligence in education, which is at the core of the 4th industrial revolution. A personalized system for the student that uses artificial intelligence is an ideal way to solve the problems facing education today and accelerate the progress of education. However, the application of information and communication technologies in education is not easy and carries many difficulties and risks. Therefore, it is necessary to discuss methods appropriate to the educational situation. To this end, we are going to present a new educational system called 'Work by field' in Spain. This system refers to the fact that the teacher must design and develop specialized digital content so that students can solve problems through artificial intelligence projects. In Spain, an educational environment has already been offered in which information and communication technologies and educational services such as gamification and augmented reality(AR) are used. However, in the case of 'Work by field', it can be seen as an innovative educational system that requires the improvement of the digital competence of teachers and a change of roles of teachers. In this study, it has the objective of discussing which teaching method is suitable for Korean students of Spanish so that the use of artificial intelligence and education can coexist.

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Manuel Vázquez Montalbán and Kim Seong-jong, masters of mystery novels that boomed in the 1970s in Spanish and Korean literature, drew attention from the literary circles by creating mystery novels that reflected the contemporary times, not just a form-oriented mystery novel in a barren land of mystery novels. In each country, the two writers created detectives that have their own personal narrative named Pepe Carvalho and Oh Byung-ho respectively, their heroes, and completed their own unique detective characters through several works. Compared to the detectives in classic detective novels with an intelligent and somewhat cold personality, excellent logic and reasoning power, Carvalho and Oh Byung-ho show the aspect of humanists who are ordinary but passionate and considerate of the socially disadvantaged. In addition, as they are fragile human beings who are disillusioned and suffer in the face of the tragic history hidden in society and the reality of the time, the reader pays attention to their narratives. Detectives Carvalho and Oh Byung-ho play an important role in creating a new genre of mystery novels called "black novels" and "metamorphic detective novels," respectively, by adding their narratives to these mystery novels that were almost dismissed as genre novels. In addition, through the narrative of these detective characters, the reader can approach the reality of the time in a friendlier and more natural way, and the possibility of converting a mystery novel into a full-fledged novel can be seen.

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The 1982 Nobel Literature Prize winner, Gabriel García Márquez, wrote a number of literary reportage, emphasizing the link between literature and journalism based on his experience as a journalist. Among them, Chronicle of a Death Foretold is a novel that the author mentioned as one of his two most outstanding works. He completed the work by covering the actual honor killing case that occurred in Colombia long time ago. Contrary to the characteristics of literary reportage, the author's narrative strategy, such as the conversion of time and speakers, and the listing of conflicting testimonies, creates an atmosphere of ambiguity and unknownness by reducing objectivity and consistency. The work is unique not only in terms of form but also in terms of content. In the work, there are three forces: the power towards death, the power to prevent death, the power to preclude 'the power to prevent death'. The author focuses on showing the power to preclude 'the power to prevent death' rather than the truth, material facts, or event. It can be said that the author's aesthetic strategy in his work is acquiring literary value through the chronicle of deviation itself being the main character, and the conversion from dying into ending up dying.

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9영화 <로마>: 멕시코 사회에 내재된 인종주의

저자 : 이경민 ( Lee Kyeong-min )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 213-233 (21 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the racism and social condition of the indigenous people represented in the film "Roma" (2018) by the Mexican director Alfonso Curarón. The director, through the character Cleo, an indigenous woman of lower social class, openly displays racial, social and sexual discrimination that exists in Mexican society. In addition, the film in which no character problematizes the living conditions of domestic workers shows that Mexicans naturally and (un)consciously internalized racial and sociocultural discrimination based on racial difference. In this way, the film, through Sofía's family as a miscocosm of Mexico, configures the character Cleo as a being included exclusively in Mexican society. In this sense, the movie would be the most controversial work that has opened the contentious debate about racism in Mexico, which has been denied throughout the Mexican history.

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