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한국식물분류학회> 식물분류학회지> New record of an alien plant, Verbena bracteata (Verbenaceae) in Korea

KCI등재SCOUPUS

New record of an alien plant, Verbena bracteata (Verbenaceae) in Korea

Jung-hyun Kim , Sang Deog Shim , Kyu Tae Cho , Hyun Sik Kim , Chang Woo Hyun , Jin Hee Park
  • : 한국식물분류학회
  • : 식물분류학회지 52권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 09월
  • : 196-200(5pages)
식물분류학회지

DOI


목차

INTRODUCTION
TAXONOMIC TREATMENT
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
LITERATURE CITED

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초록 보기

Verbena bracteata Cav. ex Lag. & Rodr. (Verbenaceae), native to North America and an alien plant in China and Japan, was newly found in central and southern areas of Korea. This species can be distinguished from other Verbena taxa in Korea by having larger floral bracts and stems that are prostrate or procumbent to decumbent-ascending. Verbena bracteata grows in dry and sunny grasslands or along roadsides. A precise description, illustration, photographs, and a key to related taxa are provided.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 자연과학분야  > 생물
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 계간
  • : 1225-8318
  • : 2466-1546
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1969-2022
  • : 1183


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KCI등재 SCOPUS

1Pollinator and pollination mechanism of Impatiens furcillata (Balsaminaceae) in Korea

저자 : Seung-yong Seo , Hang-hwa Hong , Hyoung-tak Im

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 207-213 (7 pages)

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An effective pollinator was investigated based on visiting insects to confirm the pollination mechanism of Impatiens furcillata Hemsl. (cheo-jin-mul-bong-seon), an annual herb that is also a species endemic to Korea that has hardly been studied in relation to pollination ecology. The insects that visited the group of I. furcillata studied here consisted of four orders, 11 families, and 16 species; Hymenoptera had seven species (43.8%), Lepidoptera had four (25.0%), Diptera four (25.0%), and Hemiptera one (6.2%). Visiting insects were divided into those that took only nectar, those that took nectar and pollen, and those that took neither. Insects that are effective for pollination are judged considering the length and body type of their mouth parts, and Amegilla florea Smith (huin-jul-beol) is judged to be the most effective pollinator in the survey area. As a result of observing pollination behavior, when visiting a flower, A. florea, which extended its glossa, approached the front, landed on a wing petal of I. furcillata, crawled into the flower tube, and then backed up and reversed its steps, with pollen adhered to its back. The findings here present basic information about species biology related to both I. furcillata and A. florea.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

2Somatic chromosome numbers of four Eleocharis taxa from Korean populations (Cyperaceae)

저자 : Kyong-sook Chung , Chang Shook Lee , Jung-hyun Kim

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 214-218 (5 pages)

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Eleocharis R. Br. (Cyperaceae) is characterized by unbranched culms, one terminal spikelet, bisexual flowers, and bristly perianths, occurring mainly in circumboreal marshes and wetlands. There are about 250 species worldwide, and 15 taxa in Korea have been recognized. Chromosomes in Cyperaceae are known to be holocentric, missing constricted centromeres during cell division. For the first time, we report the chromosome counts of Eleocharis from Korean populations of E. attenuata f. laeviseta (Nakai) H. Hara (2n = 20); E. parvula (Roem. & Schult.) Link ex Bluff, Nees & Schauer (2n = 10); E. ussuriensis Zinserl. (2n = 16); and E. valleculosa var. setosa Ohwi (2n = 16). The populations exhibit variations in their chromosome sizes from ca.1.7 μm to ca. 6 μm, categorized as gradient and bimodal karyotypes. The karyotypes observed are congruent with previous phylogenetic groups proposed. To clarify the traditional and phylogenetic classification of Korean Eleocharis, further taxonomic and chromosomal investigations with additional taxon sampling efforts are required.

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3The allopolyploid origin of Euphorbia stevenii and E. boöphthona (Euphorbiaceae)

저자 : Ki-ryong Park

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 219-225 (7 pages)

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To elucidate the ancestry of the allopolyploids E. stevenii and E. boöphthona, I examined eleven isozyme loci and 24 morphological characters from 28 populations representing five related Euphorbia species from Australia. According to an analysis of genetic and morphological data, three diploid species differentiated recently, but two independent polyploid species are estimated to have differentiated a relatively long time ago. Fixed heterozygosity for most isozymes in E. stevenii and E. boöphthona strongly suggests that these two species are allopolyploids rather than autopolyploids. The isozyme profiles of E. stevenii indicate that it is an allopolyploid that evolved from interspecific hybridization between the diploid E. tannensis and unidentified or extinct tetraploid species. In addition, isozyme patterns strongly suggest that E. stevenii was one of the ancestors of E. boöphthona. However, E. boöphthona showed a large number of fixed alleles that were not detected in any other Australian Eremophyton species. The most likely hypothesis for the origin of E. boöphthona is that it was formed by hybridization and chromosomal doubling between an extinct diploid species and the hexaploid E. stevenii.

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4Speciation of Viola albida var. takahashii based on both artificial and natural hybridization between V. albida var. albida and V. albida var. chaerophylloides

저자 : Songhee Ahn , Sung Soo Whang

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 226-234 (9 pages)

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The study aims are to examine the characteristics of artificial and natural hybrids between Viola albida var. albida (= albida, from below) and V. albida var. chaerophylloides (= chaerophylloides, from below), and to confirm if hybrids could be fertile and make populations in their native habitats. The 1st filial (= F1, from below) leaf shape produced by artificial crossing between albida and chaerophylloides was the same as that of V. albida var. takahashii (= takahashii, from below), and F1 bore also both chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers. F1 seed number was 9.6 per cleistogamous pods, which was remarkably less than the average of 38.2 for albida and chaerophylloides, but the germination rate was all similar. The leaf type of self-crossed 2nd offsprings (= F2, from below) showed all leaf types found in the Viola albida complex, but the ratio of chaerophylloides leaf type was relatively low. Individuals whose F2 leaf type was restored to albida produced an average of 31.4 seeds per capsule, meaning that fertility was restored. On the other hand, individuals of F2 takahashii leaf type come to fruition a low average of 10.4 seeds per capsule, which is similar to that of takahashii. The results of crossbreeding experiment, where is their native habitats, were similar to that of laboratory. Both albida and chaerophylloids in Mt. Bulmyeong distribute extensively, but takahashii make a small population only in places where albida and chaerophylloides grow together. Summarizing the above results is suggesting that the speciation of takahashii was done by hybrid between albida and chaerophylloides, and these have been maintained with relatively small population by cleistogamous capsules.

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5Enumeration of edible and useful ferns (Pteridophytes) in the Bhutan Himalayas

저자 : Rinchen Dorji , Choki Gyeltshen , Phuentsho , Karma Ugyen Wangmo , Kencho Dorji

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 235-245 (11 pages)

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Bhutan is endowed with rich biodiversity with several edible and useful fern species. Ferns have been used by local communities for centuries as vegetables, ethnobo-tanical artifacts, and as medicines. Owing to the limited study of edible and useful pterido-phytes in the country, the knowledgebase remains poor. In this study, we attempt to document edible and useful fern species in the country scientifically while also providing an annotated checklist.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

6A new record of Carex foraminata (Cyperaceae) in Korean flora

저자 : Jung-hyun Kim , Jin-seok Kim , Chang Woo Hyun , Bongsu Choi

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 246-250 (5 pages)

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We report a new distribution of Carex foraminata C. B. Clarke on the Korean Peninsula. This species was first reported in China and is distributed in Jiangxi and Zhejiang Provinces. We found this species on Hongdo Island in Heuksan-myeon, Shinan-gun, Jeollanam- do in Korea. Carex foraminata is similar to the related taxa C. brevispicula G. H. Nam & G. Y. Chung, C. chungii Z. P. Wang, and C. genkaiensis Ohwi in that its achenes are constricted in the middle part. However, C. foraminata is distinguished from C. brevispicula and C. chungii by its pistillate scale apexes, which are acute or shortly awned and by its achene apexes, which are shortly cylindrical; C. foraminata is distinguished from C. genkaiensis by its pistillate scale and achene shape. A precise description, illustration, photographs, and a key to related taxa are provided.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

7Saxifraga cortusifolia (Saxifragaceae): A new record for the Korean flora from Jejudo Island

저자 : Jae-seo Shin , Yong-in Kim , Eui-kwon Jung , Ji Hoon Kim , Bo-yun Kim , Young-dong Kim

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 251-254 (4 pages)

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Saxifraga cortusifolia Siebold & Zucc. (Saxifragaceae, sect. Irregulares, ser. Rufescentes), a species considered endemic along mountain streams throughout Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu in Japan, was discovered as a wild population in the Cheona Valley in Haean-dong, Jeju-si on Jeju-do Island of Korea. The population consisted of three subpopulations occupying narrow areas 10 × 10 m2, 5 × 5 m2, and 10 × 5 m2 in size. The number of individuals in the three subpopulations was confirmed to exceed 100. Most of the individuals were on or below rocks at the edge of the valley. A morphological description, detailed photos, and a key to related taxa in Korea are presented.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

8Clerodendrum ervatamioides (Lamiaceae): A new record to the flora of Vietnam

저자 : Heyjoong Kim , Do Van Hai , Tran Duc Thien , Tran The Bach , Bui Hong Quang , Duong Thi Hoan , Le Ngoc Han , Tran Duc Binh , Ritesh Kumar Choudhary , Joongku Lee

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 255-261 (7 pages)

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Clerodendrum ervatamioides C. Y. Wu was described in 1977 with its type locality in Yunnan, China. During our floristic investigation in the Muong Nhe Nature Reserve of Vietnam of Dien Bien province and in the Muong Te district of the Lai Chau province, we collected several specimens of Clerodendrum ervatamioides, marking the first record of its occurrence in Vietnam. In this paper, details of the morphological features, distribution, ecology, photo plates, and a table comparing the morphological features with its ally Clerodendrum garrettianum Craib are provided.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

9Complete chloroplast genome sequence of Clematis calcicola (Ranunculaceae), a species endemic to Korea

저자 : Beom Kyun Park , Young-jong Jang , Dong Chan Son , Hee-young Gil , Sang-chul Kim

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 262-268 (7 pages)

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The complete chloroplast genome (cp genome) sequence of Clematis calcicola J. S. Kim (Ranunculaceae) is 159,655 bp in length. It consists of large (79,451 bp) and small (18,126 bp) single-copy regions and a pair of identical inverted repeats (31,039 bp). The genome contains 92 protein-coding genes, 36 transfer RNA genes, eight ribosomal RNA genes, and two pseudogenes. A phylogenetic analysis based on the cp genome of 19 taxa showed high similarity between our cp genome and data published for C. calcicola, which is recognized as a species endemic to the Korean Peninsula. The complete cp genome sequence of C. calcicola reported here provides important information for future phylogenetic and evolutionary studies of Ranunculaceae.

KCI등재 SCOPUS

10The complete chloroplast genome sequence of Dracocephalum rupestre (Lamiaceae)

저자 : Young-soo Kim , Sang-chul Kim , Young-ho Ha , Hyuk-jin Kim

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 269-274 (6 pages)

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Dracocephalum rupestre Hance is a perennial herb distributed across China, Mongolia, and Korea. This study reports the first complete chloroplast genome sequence of D. rupestre. The plastome is 151,230 bp long and exhibits a typical quadripartite structure comprising a large single-copy region of 82,536 bp, a small single-copy region of 17,408 bp, and a pair of identical inverted repeat regions of 25,643 bp each. It contains 130 genes, comprising 85 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes, and eight rRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis of D. rupestre and related species of Lamiaceae showed that the genus Dracocephalum is a monophyletic group, and D. rupestre is most closely related to D. psammophilum.

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KCI등재SCOUPUS

1Molecular systematics of Poaceae based on eight chloroplast markers, emphasizing the phylogenetic positions of Korean taxa

저자 : Jung-hoon Lee , Ki-joong Kim , Bo-yun Kim , Young-dong Kim

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 127-143 (17 pages)

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This study was conducted to clarify the phylogenetic position and relationships of Korean Poaceae taxa. A total of 438 taxa including 155 accessions of Korean Poaceae (representing 92% and 72% of Korean Poaceous genera and species, respectively) were employed for phylogeny reconstruction. Sequence data of eight chloroplast DNA markers were used for molecular phylogenetic analyses. The resulted phylogeny was mostly concordant with previous phylogenetic hypotheses, especially in terms of subfamilial and tribal relationships. Several taxa-specific indels were detected in the molecular phylogeny, including a 45 bp deletion in rps3 (PACMAD [Panicoideae, Arundinoideae, Chloridoideae, Micrairoideae, Aristidoideae, Danthonioideae] clade), a 15 bp deletion in ndhF (Oryzeae + Phyllorachideae), a 6 bp deletion in trnLF (Poeae s.l.), and two (17 bp and 378 bp) deletions in atpF-H (Pooideae). The Korean Poaceae members were classified into 23 tribes, representing eight subfamilies. The subfamilial and tribal classifications of the Korean taxa were generally congruent with a recently published system, whereas some subtribes and genera were found to be non-monophyletic. The taxa included in the PACMAD clade (especially Andropogoneae) showed very weak and uncertain phylogenetic relationships, presumably to be due to evolutionary radiation and polyploidization. The reconstructed phylogeny can be utilized to update the taxonomic positions of the newly examined grass accessions.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

2Morphometric analysis of the Daphne kiusiana complex (Thymelaeaceae) using digitized herbarium specimens

저자 : Yoon-su Kim , Sang-hun Oh

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 144-155 (12 pages)

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Daphne kiusiana is an evergreen shrub with dense head-like umbels of white flowers distributed in southern Korea, Japan, China, and Taiwan. Plants in China and Taiwan are recognized as var. atrocaulis by having a dark purple stem, elliptic leaves, and persistent bracts. Recently, plants on Jejudo Island were segregated as a separate species, D. jejudoensis, given their elliptic leaves with an acuminate apex, a long hypanthium and sepals, and a glabrous hypanthium. Morphological variations of three closely related taxa, the D. kiusiana complex, were investigated across the distributional range to clarify the taxonomic delimitation of members of the complex. Twelve characters of the leaf and flower were measured from digitized herbarium specimens using the image analysis program ImageJ and were included in a morphometric analysis, the results of which indicate that the level of variation in the characters is very high. The results of a principal component analysis weakly separated D. jejudoensis from D. kiusiana according to their floral characteristics, such as a longer, glabrous hypanthium, and larger sepals. However, some individuals of D. kiusiana, particularly those from Bigeumdo Island, were included in D. jejudoensis. Recognition of D. kiusiana var. atrocaulis based on the leaf shape was not supported in the analysis, and D. jejudoensis may be recognized as a variety of D. kiusiana. Our morphometric analysis shows that digitized images of herbarium specimens could be useful and an additional method by which to investigate more diverse specimens.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

3The complete chloroplast genome of Campsis grandiflora (Bignoniaceae)

저자 : Jongsun Park , Hong Xi

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 156-172 (17 pages)

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Campsis grandiflora (Thunb.) K. Schum is an ornamental species with various useful biological effects. The chloroplast genome of C. grandiflora isolated in Korea is 154,293 bp long (GC ratio: 38.1%) and has four subregions: 84,121 bp of large single-copy (36.2%) and 18,521 bp of small single-copy (30.0%) regions are separated by 24,332 bp of inverted repeat (42.9%) regions including 132 genes (87 protein-coding genes, eight rRNAs, and 37 tRNAs). One single-nucleotide polymorphism and five insertion and deletion (INDEL) regions (40-bp in total) were identified, indicating a low level of intraspecific variation in the chloroplast genome. All five INDEL regions were linked to the repetitive sequences. Seventy-two normal simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and 47 extended SSRs were identified to develop molecular markers. The phylogenetic trees of 29 representative Bignoniaceae chloroplast genomes indicate that the tribe-level phylogenic relationship is congruent with the findings of previous studies.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

4Nineteen new records of plant species including two new genera recorded from the Bhutan Himalayas

저자 : Rinchen Dorji , Phuentsho Phuentsho , Kencho Dorji , Sangay Tshewang , Phuntsho Wangdi , Kezang Tobgay , Nima Gyeltshen , Choki Gyeltshen

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 173-183 (11 pages)

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Through the collection of herbarium specimens in Bhutan over the years, new plant species are discovered nearly annually. Thus, this paper reports two new genera and 19 new records of flowering plant species from Bhutan. The new genera include Eurycorymbus of the family Sapindaceae and Homalium of the family Salicaceae. The new records of plant species are Eranthemum erythrochilum (Acanthaceae), Hemidesmus indicus (Apocynaceae), Ilex umbellulata (Aquifoliaceae), Canarium strictum (Burseraceae), Ehretia acuminate (Boraginaceae), Vaccinium sikkimense (Ericaceae), Nothapodytes foetida (Icacinaceae), Machilus edulis (Lauraceae), Grewia asiatica (Malvaceae), Hibiscus fragrans (Malvaceae), Cipadessa baccifera (Meliaceae), Baccaurea javanica (Phyllanthaceae), Canthiumera glabra (Rubiaceae), Homalium napaulense (Salicaceae), Eurycorymbus cavaleriei (Sapindaceae), Acmella radicans (Asteraceae), Silene latifolia (Caryophyllaceae), Cleome rutidosperma (Cleomaceae), and Cuphea carthagenensis (Lythraceae). Morphological determinations of the genera and species were carried out at the National Herbarium (THIM) of the National Biodiversity Centre of Bhutan. Brief descriptions of the species, phenology, and photo plates are provided in this annotated checklist.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

5New record and prediction of the potential distribution of the invasive alien species Brassica tournefortii (Brassicaceae) in Korea

저자 : Eun Su Kang , Han Gyeol Kim , Myoung Ja Nam , Mi Jung Choi , Dong Chan Son

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 184-195 (12 pages)

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The invasive alien species Brassica tournefortii Gouan (Brassicaceae) is herein reported for the first time in Korea, from Gunsan-si, Gochang-gun, and Jeju-si. Brassica tournefortii can easily be distinguished from B. juncea and B. napus by its dense stiff hairs at the base of the stem and leaves, basally and distally branched stems, partially dehiscent fruits, and seeds that become mucilaginous in the presence of moisture. Although some taxonomists have classified this species as belonging to Coincya Rouy based on its fruit and seed characteristics, the existence of one vein on the fruit valves and our maximum likelihood analysis using internal transcribed spacer sequences placed it in Brassica. Distribution data, photographs, and a description of B. tournefortii are presented herein. Moreover, potential changes in the distribution of B. tournefortii were predicted under different climate scenarios, but our analysis showed that the probability of the spreading of this species is low. Nevertheless, continuous monitoring is necessary for an accurate assessment. The results of the present study can be used to conduct an invasion risk assessment and can assist with the effective management of this invasive alien species.

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6New record of an alien plant, Verbena bracteata (Verbenaceae) in Korea

저자 : Jung-hyun Kim , Sang Deog Shim , Kyu Tae Cho , Hyun Sik Kim , Chang Woo Hyun , Jin Hee Park

발행기관 : 한국식물분류학회 간행물 : 식물분류학회지 52권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 196-200 (5 pages)

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Verbena bracteata Cav. ex Lag. & Rodr. (Verbenaceae), native to North America and an alien plant in China and Japan, was newly found in central and southern areas of Korea. This species can be distinguished from other Verbena taxa in Korea by having larger floral bracts and stems that are prostrate or procumbent to decumbent-ascending. Verbena bracteata grows in dry and sunny grasslands or along roadsides. A precise description, illustration, photographs, and a key to related taxa are provided.

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