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한국미용학회> 한국미용학회지> 디지털 전환 시대에 대응하는 미용 교육 패러다임 변화 -화장품·뷰티산업 동향 분석을 기반으로-

KCI등재

디지털 전환 시대에 대응하는 미용 교육 패러다임 변화 -화장품·뷰티산업 동향 분석을 기반으로-

A Paradigm Shift in Beauty Education in Response to the Digital Transformation Era -Based on Analysis of Trends in the Cosmetics and Beauty Industry-

최에스더 ( Esther Choi )
  • : 한국미용학회
  • : 한국미용학회지 28권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 08월
  • : 675-688(14pages)
한국미용학회지

DOI


목차

I. 서 론
II. 이론적 배경
III. 내용 및 방법
IV. 결과 및 고찰
V. 결 론
References

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초록 보기

In the present age, the social and economic structures are rapidly shifting to a digital base. In the cosmetics and beauty field, “contactless industry” which is grafted into the digital technology has been on the issues. In the field of education, educational standard is increasing through digital transformation using “Edu-Tech”. This study is to explore a new paradigm of beauty education to respond to the digital transformation era. Moreover, it aims to find academic basis to train digital savvy manpower in the field of cosmetics and beauty. The research methods are as follows: trends in domestic and foreign cosmetics and beauty industries were analyzed by referring to academic and degree papers, academic presentation documents, trends and research reports, and websites with the keywords of the 4th Industrial Revolution, Digital Transformation, Edu-Tech, beauty education, and cosmetics and beauty industry trends. This study results can be summarized in five points as follows. Firstly, government announced a plan to build a related infrastructure to increase productivity dramatically with the “Digital New Deal”. Secondly, “Edu-Tech” industry can lead the digital transformation to provide customized education. Thirdly, the government selects and promotes four key projects: the development of sustainable K-beauty innovative technology, enhancement of corporate activities through regulatory improvement, support for strategic overseas expansion, and creation of the K-beauty industry ecosystem. Fourthly, major issues in the global cosmetics market include differentiation of clean beauty, realization of substantiality, marketing with the new technologies such as AI, AR, VR, and Metabus, and expansion of the customized cosmetics market. Finally, domestic and foreign companies leading those industries also take the head of digital transformation in manufacturing, distribution, and marketing. Based on the research results above, three conclusions are presented. First of all, it is the development of a curriculum for the digital indigenous generation that has to actively respond to changes in the future society. Nextly, innovation is also required in the development of digital education programs and textbooks. Lastly, it is an effort for instructors to change the perception of digital transformation and to strengthen digital capabilities. Digital transformation should be accompanied by a selfdirected educational system centered on learners rather than the existing system centered on instructors. The reason is that it is necessary to respond to the continuous reduction in the number of students, the crisis of higher education due to COVID-19, and the rapidly changing both internal and external environments.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 자연과학분야  > 가정
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 격월
  • : 1229-4349
  • : 2765-5881
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1995-2022
  • : 2581


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This study attempted to improve working environments for nail salon employees and expand their awareness of hazardous materials. Specifically, it measured and analyzed volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced during manicure procedures using a direct-reading instrument and devised a plan to minimize exposure to such hazardous substances. For this, the emissions of 3 VOCs (formaldehyde, toluene, and acetone) were tested on one foreign and two domestic manicure products, using GASTEC GV-100. In terms of the reduction of VOCs emissions, they were measured and comparatively analyzed through 2 different methods, spontaneous disappearing over time and natural ventilation by opening a chamber, and the results found the following: The product manufactured by 'C' revealed high VOCs emissions. In particular, 'acetone' was the highest. However, the spontaneous reduction of VOCs over time was minor. In other words, direct reduction, such as ventilation instead of spontaneous disappearing, is necessary. The above results confirm that ventilation is crucial in nail salons.

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This study applied mask packs to the facial skin nine times and measured pores, pigmentation, wrinkles, and elasticity of the skin for about three weeks from June 12 through July 3, 2021, to verify the effect of sprout oats, a natural ingredient, on enhancing the facial skin of women. As a result of a clinical trial, there were effects on skin enhancement, including decreased pores, decreased pigmentation, decreased wrinkles, and increased elasticity after the use of a mask pack containing sprout oats, and statistically significant results were also identified. As for pore reduction, there was a decrease of 6.32% two weeks after the trial compared to before that in the experimental group while 36.21% three weeks after that. Regarding pigmentation reduction, there was a decrease of 2.86% two weeks after the trial compared to before that in the experimental group and 28.57% three weeks after that. Regarding wrinkle decrease, there was a decrease of 9.09% two weeks after the trial compared to before that in the experimental group and 30.30% three weeks after that. As for the increase of elasticity, it increased by 24.44% two weeks after the trial compared to before that in the experimental group while it increased by 175.56% three weeks after the trial. In conclusion, it was confirmed that sprout oats, a natural material, have an effect on skin improvement and provided clinical data for development in the cosmetic industry. Therefore, it is judged that sprout oats have industrial value as a raw material for natural functional cosmetics.

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발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 931-944 (14 pages)

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Currently, students are in an employment structure where they have new jobs that do not yet exist, and these social changes are causing changes in career education or career decisions worldwide. Uncertainty about the future is increasing not only in Korea but also around the world, causing rapid changes in the work world, employment environment, and job environment, and is expanding beyond personal problems of youth unemployment to social and national problems. As for the survey method, a total of 481 questionnaires surveyed through the self-written questionnaire were used for beauty majors and beauticians at four-year universities with experience in beauty academies, and Duncan test was conducted as a post-verification method. Academy selection factors according to age showed statistically significant differences in plan establishment and goal selection, and academy selection factors according to the purpose of the course showed statistically significant differences from plan establishment and goal selection factors. Academic achievement according to the purpose of the course also showed significant differences, and career decisions according to gender, marital status, major, and certificate acquisition did not show statistically significant differences. It is expected to be a stepping stone for professional beauty talent by properly setting the system for factors of selecting beauty academies and raising the right perception of career paths for consumers and beauty students preparing for their own careers through various communication such as communication, counseling, and customized learning methods. In addition, the beauty industry is also expected to have a positive impact if a systematic education program is established that can be conducted in conjunction with the field by analyzing the learning attitude and the needs of practical career decisions according to academic achievement.

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Rapid social changes have the ability and skills to increase corporate competitiveness and achieve work performance. Since the service industry is provided at the fingertips of each worker, voluntary participation of service workers is important in order to increase the competitiveness of service companies. The purpose of this study is to provide basic data to find out the mediating effect of creative selfefficacy in the relationship between vocational autonomy and innovative behavior of hair workers. A survey was conducted on 497 hair designers living in Seoul, and data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0. Factor analysis and reliability analysis were used to understand job autonomy, creative self-efficacy, and the validity and reliability of innovative behavior. Using regression analysis, we investigated the effect of creative self-efficacy in hair workers on job autonomy and innovation behavior. As a result of the study, the higher the work performance and decision-making, the higher the creativity and creative thinking, and the higher the creative thinking and creative performance, the higher the innovation perception and innovation execution. This study examines the mediating effect of creative selfefficacy in the relationship between job autonomy and innovative behavior of hair workers, and through the research results, it is necessary to provide motivation to develop job autonomy and creative efficacy, which will be a way to improve job satisfaction and productivity in the beauty industry as a whole.

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5피부염의 원인균인 황색포도상구균 내성 균주(MRSA)에 대한 에센셜 오일의 항균 효과

저자 : 최재은 ( Jae-eun Choi ) , 장태수 ( Tae-su Jang ) , 김재경 ( Jae-kyung Kim )

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The emergence of multidrug-resistant microorganisms represents a global challenge owing to the lack of new effective antimicrobial agents. Essential oils could be an alternative to antibiotics because of their anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, and antibiofilm activities. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the antibacterial activity of essential oils as an alternative to antibiotics. In the present study, we cultured methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with two concentrations (0.5% and 1.0%) of 17 types of essential oils and the antibiotic oxacillin as the control. The optical density of the culture suspensions at 600 nm was determined to assess the effect of the essential oils on MRSA. At 0.5% concentration, 8 essential oils demonstrated higher antibacterial activity than oxacillin, with palmarosa, melissa true, and rose geranium showing the highest antibacterial activity. At 1% concentration, 13 essential oils showed higher antibacterial activity than oxacillin, with melissa true, palmarosa, lemongrass, and rosemary verbenone showing the highest antibacterial activity. Furthermore, essential oils isolated from leaves showed higher antibacterial ability. Overall, the antibacterial activity of essential oils against MRSA varied with the concentration, type, and extraction site. Therefore, our study provides a basis for the selection and use of essential oils for antibacterial activity against MRSA.

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of consumers' face sensitivity and conspicuous consumption propensity on beauty consumption value. For data collection, 330 copies were distributed from April 20 to May 30, 2022, centered on consumers in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Incheon, and a total of 312 copies were used. For statistical processing, SPSS 25.0 program was used. Frequency analysis was performed to understand demographic characteristics, factor analysis and reliability analysis were performed to understand the validity of the measurement tool, and correlation analysis and regression analysis were performed. As a result of the analysis, the social formality and the sense of shame of face sensitivity showed a positive (+) effect on the functional value of beauty consumption, and the selfishness and the sense of shame showed a positive (+) effect on the social value. In addition, individuality pursuit, brand orientation, and high price orientation of the conspicuous consumption tendency showed a positive (+) effect on functional value, and the individuality pursuit and high price orientation group showed a positive (+) effect on social value. Therefore, I hope that a healthy consumption culture that focuses on consumption value will be formed, and that it will provide an opportunity to inspire rational consumption awareness.

KCI등재

7뷰티소비자의 윤리적 소비의식이 리필화장품 구매동기에 미치는 영향

저자 : 최혜진 ( Hye-jin Choi ) , 권오혁 ( Oh-hyeok Kwon )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 972-979 (8 pages)

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Although the range of choices of consumers has expanded due to the variety of products, ethical consumption is spreading by raising objections to social phenomena that cause risks such as waste of resources and destruction of the global environment. Cosmetic containers, which increase in proportion to the size of the global beauty industry, are thrown away as general waste, and research on container recycling or refilling cosmetics is lacking. The purpose is to help educational basic materials for the generation and marketing aspects for revitalization of refill cosmetics. For the empirical analysis of the study, 337 questionnaires were used as final data for beauty consumers in their 10s to 60s who have purchased refillable cosmetics living in Seoul and metropolitan areas. For the collected data, frequency analysis, factor analysis and reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed through SPSS 24.0. As a result of the analysis, ethical consumption consciousness was divided into two sub-dimensions: 'trust in certified products' (45.4%) and 'resource saving' (22.3%). The motivation for purchasing refill cosmetics was extracted from two sub-dimensions: 'purchase promotion' (42.7%) and 'environmental protection' (26.6%). In conclusion, it was found that the higher the propensity for ethical consumption awareness to trust certified products, the higher the purchase promotion of refillable cosmetics and environmental protection factors. This study has regional limitations, and in relation to the above study, we expect meaningful and active studies on the effect of refill cosmetic consumption on the sustainability management (ESG) of beauty companies. Consumers expect it to be an index to measure corporate social responsibility activities.

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This study attempted to investigate the effects of quality of work life (QWL), self-efficacy and customer orientation against medical cosmetology service providers. For this, a questionnaire survey was performed against aestheticians, medical coordinators and nurse assistants from dermatology and cosmetic clinics (at least 10 medical staff) across the country from January 17 to 28, 2022. A total of 381 copies were used for final analysis, and the results found the followings: First, regarding the effects of QWL on self-efficacy, 'personal aspect' revealed the largest influence on 'self-regulatory efficacy', followed by 'confidence'. Second, concerning the influence of QWL on customer orientation, 'personal aspect' showed the biggest effect on 'analysis of customer needs', followed by 'satisfaction with customer needs'. It is anticipated that the study results would be available as basic data which are needed to achieve an organizational goal through effective support on human resources and revenue maximization by analyzing awareness of the QWL and designing a basic personnel management system. In order for employees to fulfill their duties, emotional stability, strong will and problem-solving ability are essential. Therefore, it is expected that efficient job placement based on personal characteristics and attitude would have a positive influence on work efficiency.

KCI등재

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저자 : 최재은 ( Jae-eun Choi ) , 장태수 ( Tae-su Jang ) , 김재경 ( Jae-kyung Kim )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 991-997 (7 pages)

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Although many plants have been investigated for their antifungal activity against candidiasis, more treatment options remain needed. This study evaluated the antifungal activity of 19 essential oils against Candida albicans. Nineteen essential oils, at concentrations of 1% and 0.5%, were added to cultures of C. albicans and incubated at 37℃ for 18 h. The optical density was measured at 600 nm. The antifungal activity of the essential oils against C. albicans was dependent on concentration and the extraction site. At 0.5%, essential oils from thyme, palmarosa, and lemongrass displayed higher antifungal activities than fluconazole, suggesting that they are effective against C. albicans. The essential oils of eucalyptus, rosewood, and lavender showed the highest activity at 1% concentration and may be used as antibiotics individually. In addition, the essential oils extracted from leaves, such as thyme, were found to have higher antifungal activity than those from other sites.

KCI등재

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발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 5호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 998-1007 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to use a total of 339 questionnaires through SPSS 24.0 to understand the effect of SNS beauty content usage characteristics and hair style interest on hair management behavior by age, and the results of this study are as follows. First of all, hair management behavior according to SNS beauty content had a positive effect on SNS interest and reliability from teenagers to those in their 50s and older. However, it was confirmed that SNS reliability was somewhat less influential. Second, hair management behavior according to hair style interest showed a positive influence on hair style transformation by age group from 20s to 50s, excluding teenagers. In the conclusion and suggestion of this study, it was found that all age groups are interested in SNS, and the higher the interest in hairstyle, the greater the influence on hair management. However, as the reliability of SNS is low, it is necessary to pay attention to increasing the reliability by providing high-quality and good information on SNS beauty content. We hope that research on the utilization of beauty content according to gender will continue in the future.

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3디지털 전환 시대에 대응하는 미용 교육 패러다임 변화 -화장품·뷰티산업 동향 분석을 기반으로-

저자 : 최에스더 ( Esther Choi )

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In the present age, the social and economic structures are rapidly shifting to a digital base. In the cosmetics and beauty field, “contactless industry” which is grafted into the digital technology has been on the issues. In the field of education, educational standard is increasing through digital transformation using “Edu-Tech”. This study is to explore a new paradigm of beauty education to respond to the digital transformation era. Moreover, it aims to find academic basis to train digital savvy manpower in the field of cosmetics and beauty. The research methods are as follows: trends in domestic and foreign cosmetics and beauty industries were analyzed by referring to academic and degree papers, academic presentation documents, trends and research reports, and websites with the keywords of the 4th Industrial Revolution, Digital Transformation, Edu-Tech, beauty education, and cosmetics and beauty industry trends. This study results can be summarized in five points as follows. Firstly, government announced a plan to build a related infrastructure to increase productivity dramatically with the “Digital New Deal”. Secondly, “Edu-Tech” industry can lead the digital transformation to provide customized education. Thirdly, the government selects and promotes four key projects: the development of sustainable K-beauty innovative technology, enhancement of corporate activities through regulatory improvement, support for strategic overseas expansion, and creation of the K-beauty industry ecosystem. Fourthly, major issues in the global cosmetics market include differentiation of clean beauty, realization of substantiality, marketing with the new technologies such as AI, AR, VR, and Metabus, and expansion of the customized cosmetics market. Finally, domestic and foreign companies leading those industries also take the head of digital transformation in manufacturing, distribution, and marketing. Based on the research results above, three conclusions are presented. First of all, it is the development of a curriculum for the digital indigenous generation that has to actively respond to changes in the future society. Nextly, innovation is also required in the development of digital education programs and textbooks. Lastly, it is an effort for instructors to change the perception of digital transformation and to strengthen digital capabilities. Digital transformation should be accompanied by a selfdirected educational system centered on learners rather than the existing system centered on instructors. The reason is that it is necessary to respond to the continuous reduction in the number of students, the crisis of higher education due to COVID-19, and the rapidly changing both internal and external environments.

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4헤어살롱 소비자의 체험마케팅이 신뢰도와 만족도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 장용운 ( Yong-woon Jang ) , 박은준 ( Eun-jun Park )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 689-697 (9 pages)

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This study validated the impact of hair salon consumer experience marketing on reliability and satisfaction. Based on these results, the purpose is to provide the basic materials necessary for customer marketing of hair salons. The survey method was aimed at consumers using salons mainly in Seoul and Bundang areas, self-contained questionnaire methods were used, and finally 573 questionnaires were used as analysis data. The collected data was analyzed using the program SPSS 22.0, and frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis were used for analysis of the data. The results of the analysis are as follows: In the relationship between experience marketing and the impact of reliability, experience marketing showed a defining relationship to reliability. As a result of the impact of experience marketing factors on reliability, it is necessary to increase the confidence of technology, services, and prices, which are factors of reliability, in order to increase experience marketing of senses, emotions, perceptions, and relationships. However, in relation to the impact of experience marketing and satisfaction, experience marketing showed a defining relationship to satisfaction. It has been shown to affect satisfaction in the order of emotional, sensory, cognitive, and related experience factors.

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520대 여성의 외모인식이 화장행동과 화장품 구매행동에 미치는 영향

저자 : 이정희 ( Jung-hee Lee ) , 윤미영 ( Mi-Yeong Yun )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 698-709 (12 pages)

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This study attempted to empirically analyze the influence of appearance awareness on makeup behavior and cosmetics purchase behavior against young women in their 20s and provide basic data needed for cosmetics marketing. In terms of the effects of appearance awareness on makeup behavior, as 'social characteristics' increased, 'instrumentality' and 'conformity' improved. In addition, as 'social characteristics' and 'appearance interest' increased, 'trend' drew more attention. As 'social characteristics', 'appearance interest' and 'appearance confidence' increased, 'interpersonal orientation' and 'ostentation' were higher. In the effects of appearance awareness on cosmetics purchase behavior, as 'social characteristics' increased, 'ostentatious buying' was higher. As 'social characteristics' and 'appearance confidence' were higher, 'rational purchase' increased. As 'appearance interest' and 'appearance confidence' rose, 'brandcentric habitual buying' became more common. As 'social characteristics' increased, 'trend-oriented purchase' rose. In terms of the influence of makeup behavior on cosmetics purchase behavior, as 'conformity', 'ostentation' and 'personality' increased, 'ostentatious buying' was higher. As 'personality', 'trend' and 'conformity' rose, 'rational purchase' increased accordingly. As 'personality', 'ostentation' and 'interpersonal orientation' increased, 'brand-centric habitual buying' became more common. As 'instrumentality', 'conformity' and 'personality' rose, 'trend-oriented purchase' also increased.

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6경상남도 관광명소를 모티브로 한 관광 수제비누 제조에 관한 연구

저자 : 구미영 ( Mi-young Gu ) , 최화정 ( Hwa-jung Choi )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 710-721 (12 pages)

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Gyeongsangnam-do possessed various sightseeing attractive place. We purposed to manufacture tourist hand-made soap expressing nine sightseeing attractive place. The nine place were sunrise of Ganjeolgot, Mongdol beach of Gangdong, whale sea-travel line, Daewangam park, simnidaebat field-milky way, national garden of Taehwa river, mallard duck pot of Usisan, hanging bridge of Daewangam and cheonma tomb. The other seven soaps were made by method of melt and pour except for hanging bridge of Daewangam by method of cold process and cheonma tomb by short time process. To express art in soap, seven soaps were made by embedding techniques except for mallard duck of Usisan and cheonma tomb using transparency techniques. Sunrise of Ganjeolgot expressed symbolically sunrise and hope mailbox. Mongdol beach of Gangdong expressed black gravel field and white breaking tide. Whale sea-travel line expressed contrastively blue sea and flock of pink dolphins. Daewongam park expressed harmonically green pine and blue sea possessing special rocks. simnidaebat field-milky way expressed as bamboo farm shining and breaking under night light. National garden of Taehwa river expressed harmonically life and nature. Mallard duck of Usisan expressed notably mallard duck using gray and brown color grounding in white color. Hanging bridge of Daewangam expressed hanging bridge crossing blue sea and green Daewangam. Cheonma tomb expressed big green tomb and horses. These tourist hand-made soap can be applied develop new tourist products based on old tourist products.

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7긴형과 각진형 얼굴의 이미지 상승효과를 위한 눈썹 디자인 연구

저자 : 장소쌍 ( Xiao-shuang Zhang ) , 최민령 ( Min-lyoung Choi )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 722-731 (10 pages)

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Eyebrows makeup is an important part of makeup, which is essential for personalized face expression and image change. Therefore, the best eyebrow makeup requires an understanding of eyebrow type suitable for one's own face and technical skills of expressing it. Thus, in this study, we aimed to measure the thickness and height of the eyebrows and the width of the glabella, so effectively applied for personalized face expression and image enhancement that the woman can easily and correctly express their personalized eyebrows to enhance their facial images. For this reason, at first, a thorough literature review of eyebrow makeup was made, and then a related survey, a set of experiments and expert evaluation were carried out in order. An exploration into eyebrows design for complementing face shape and enhancing face image showed that long face shape most often evoked 'calm' or 'composed' feelings, thereby allowing penciling thick eyebrows to be most effective for improving face image when applying 'straight' eyebrow design good for complementing face shape. When eyebrows design was applied to express a 'composed' image, delineating the distance from the midpupil to the upper edge of the eyebrow, the glabella seems to be less wide than in the case of 'composed' image producing the intended results. It may be because a 'composed' image gives a relatively more calm and motionless feeling, causing eyebrows low in height with narrow glabella to have the effect of deepening the sincerity of face. An 'angled' face image usually evoked 'trustworthy' or 'superb' feelings. Therefore, when making 'arched' eyebrow makeup to supplement the shape of the face, drawing thick eyebrows with a pencil and delineating the narrow distance from the mid pupil to the upper edge of the eyebrows, which makes the eyebrows look very wide and produce an ideal effect. This may be because 'trustworthy' or 'superb' images creates a dynamic and upright impression, allowing thick eyebrows with narrow glabella to enhance face images more effectively. Overall, it may be said, the results of this study show what type of eyebrows helps complement the face shape and enhance face images and provide exact quantification of the thickness and height of the eyebrows and the width of the glabella, effectively applied for personalized face expression and image enhancement. And a further important implication is that the results might serve as the inspiration for marketing and sales promotion of eyebrow-related products and tools to weather the storm of sales drop in the cosmetics industry due to COVID-19.

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8헤어미용 전공 학생들의 직업 존중감이 진로 결정수준과 전공만족에 미치는 영향

저자 : 강금이 ( Jin-yi Jiang ) , 박은준 ( Eun-jun Park )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 732-741 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between career decision level and major satisfaction among hair and beauty major students, and to present basic data and implications for hair and beauty majors' educational direction and career path. The job esteem of hair and beauty major students was found to be four sub-factors, career decision level was two factors, and satisfaction with major was three factors. Positive value, social benefit, and relative benefit of job esteem showed statistically significant results for major suitability, and social benefit, negative treatment, and relative benefit showed statistically significant results for subject satisfaction. The job esteem of hair and beauty major students is an important variable in career decision level and major satisfaction. Therefore, if students majoring in hair and beauty are satisfied with their majors and if student competency is strengthened, excellent human resources to lead the hair and beauty industry can be nurtured. Although this study was conducted with limited research subjects and variables, it is hoped that a comprehensive and practical study that considers various variables will continue in follow-up studies.

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9보브에서 두상분할위치와 측두부, 두정부 슬라이스 라인에 따른 형태변화

저자 : 국혜란 ( Hye-ran Guk )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 742-749 (8 pages)

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This study is a design haircut according to the head area division and slice line; the head area division is named the top and the bottom is named the bottom. The first head division is named G1 for center point - golden point - back point. The second division center point - Golden Back Medium Point - The next back point was named GBM1. The third division center point - back point - back point was named B1. This is a 0 degree natural angle, A line, parallel line, V line, slice line, and all the cut techniques were used as a Blunt technique. The upper part of the head was used for measurement, and the lower part of the head was used as a gradation 30 degrees, parallel line, but was excluded from the measurement. The volume, expansion, and weight were increased according to the division of head parts, and smooth texture and smooth texture were shown. In the case of A line, classical image and form appeared, and in the case of parallel line, ordinary image appeared, and in the case of V line, cute image and youthfulness appeared. The study on the division of the head region of the one-lining cut and the gradation cut, and the creative design cut applying the slice line, has been demonstrated and basic data are provided.

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10여고생의 화장품 안전성 및 유해성분 인식에 따른 기능성화장품 사용실태에 관한 연구

저자 : 허윤성 ( Yoon-Sung Heo ) , 김경은 ( Kyung-eun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 750-760 (11 pages)

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This study attempted to examine consumers' awareness of the safety of cosmeceuticals and analyze harmful ingredients against high school girls who have recently emerged as a new consumer group in the cosmeceutical market with a goal of providing basic data needed to buy cosmeceuticals by investigating their consumption patterns and satisfaction with the cosmetic products. For this, an online questionnaire survey was performed against a total of 377 high school girls born in 2003-2005 in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The collected data were analyzed, using IBM SPSS Statistics 20, and the results found the followings: The respondents' awareness of the safety of cosmetics was neither high nor low while awareness of harmful ingredients was high. Among cosmeceuticals, it was sunscreens acnecare products that they have bought frequently. As their awareness of the safety of cosmetics was higher, they tended to check the effects and efficacies of ingredients. Depending on their skin concerns, they planned and bought the cosmeceuticals they needed by comparing their information. In addition, they have examined cosmetic information through apps and web portals in consideration of the efficacies and effects of cosmeceuticals and their skin type and conditions. Concerning cosmeceutical use patterns by the awareness of harmful ingredients, the perception of the hazard of synthetic color additives, synthetic flavors and mineral oil had an influence on the use of cosmeceuticals. Depending on the awareness of the safety and harmful ingredients of cosmetics, furthermore, the respondents were more satisfied with the cosmeceuticals. Under these circumstances, it is required to provide accurate information about cosmetic ingredients and help consumers have a better awareness of the safety of cosmetics by developing and distributing educational programs on harmful ingredients and decent contents.

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