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대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소> 인문과학연구> ‘불법’ 이주의 생산과 사회문화적 구성 경기도 - 공단 인근 미등록 이주민의 사례를 중심으로 -

KCI등재

‘불법’ 이주의 생산과 사회문화적 구성 경기도 - 공단 인근 미등록 이주민의 사례를 중심으로 -

Production and Socio-Cultural Construction of ‘Illegal’ Migration -Focusing on Cases of Undocumented Migrants near Industrial Complex in Gyeonggi-do -

이창호 ( Lee Chang-ho )
  • : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소
  • : 인문과학연구 45권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 03월
  • : 239-280(42pages)
인문과학연구

DOI

10.46270/SSW.45.9


목차

1. 서론
2. 이론적 배경 및 방법론
3. 경기도 공단지역 인근의 미등록 이주민
4. ‘불법’ 생산의 사회발생적 맥락
5. ‘합/불법’의 모호한 경계화 사회문화적 구성
6. 결론

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This study focuses on the production and construction of ‘illegal’ migration, including the migration process of undocumented migrants, through participant observations and in-depth interviews with migrants from Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Russia and Tajikistan. The production of 'illegal' migration occurs on two levels. One is Korea’s continuous migrant worker control policy and the other is various illegal residence strategies of migrants using loopholes in the receiving country's legal residence and human rights guarantee system. Undocumented migrants naturally enter the migrant community through social networks with existing migrants. These spaces can be said to be a transnational arena that transcends the ambiguous boundaries between legal/illegal created by the state. They aspire to a ‘better life’ similar to that of Korean society while adapting to the more structured and efficient Korean system than in their home country. However, at the same time, this trend is contrary to and contradictory to Koreas (im)migration policy, which is constantly trying to control and limit ‘illegal’ (im)migration.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 기타(인문과학)
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1738-088x
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1998-2022
  • : 404


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KCI등재

1문학예술과 문학학에 대하여

저자 : 장도준 ( Jang Do-gun ) , 박복조 ( Park Bok-jo )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-32 (32 pages)

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Literature shares a domain of art as it is created by the author with imagination and subjectivity. Furthermore, as its medium is language, literature holds the necessary condition of being language art. Then what can be the sufficient condition for the literature to meet the standard of literature? Can we find the unique property of poetry within the literature itself? However, abundant discussions of the past studies came to conclude that the unique property of poetry that distinguishes the literature from the non-literature is somewhat customary and less apparent.
Literature is language art that reflects human life. Literary science is a branch of humanities that requires scientific objectivity and exactness in accordance with science. Additionally, Objective exactness in a study of literature contains logical validity, persuasive analysis, and corroborative facts.

KCI등재

21930년대 한·중 심리소설 속 윤리의식 고찰 - '李箱'과 '施蟄存'을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김순진 ( Kim Soon-jin ) , 이정현 ( Lee Jung-hyun )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-51 (19 pages)

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In this study, the problem of ethical consciousness of characters appearing in Lee Sang's novel and Shi Zhou-chun's psychological novel in the colonial space of 'Gyeongseong' and 'Shanghai' in the 1930s was investigated. In addition, considerations on literary ethics were also discussed. The two authors mainly expressed the plight of intellectuals as psychological conflict. In the 1930s, Gyeongseong and Shanghai were colonial and semi-colonial spaces of Korea and China in the modern period, and were spaces of oppression and a place where rational thinking was not easy. These two places have in common that they are a space where conflicts that were latent in the 1930s between humans and the environment, between humans and between humans and individuals exploded. Lee Sang and Shi Zhecun, who worked in Gyeongseong and Shanghai, respectively, are representative artists who portrayed the psychological wanderings and ethical conflicts of people in these environments. Through his novels, Lee Sang shows that the most important causes of the fall of mankind are the lack of communication, the lack of understanding of others, and the lack of character. On the other hand, the ethical consciousness in Shi Zhecun's novel is not revealed directly on the surface of the work, but is secretly revealed through taboos that constitute the conflicting elements of the characters. The conflict over whether or not to keep the ethics of the eldest son in the family shown in the novel above, and the desire to deviate from the ethic of maintaining the chastity between husband and wife in the novel Shi Zhecun all require ethical choices. As a result of that choice, we face death as in the novel above, or return to our daily lives as in Shi Zhecun's novel. Literature is not about judging whether an ethical choice was right or not. This is because literature essentially has a mission to seek freedom of the human mind and liberate it from ideological bondage.

KCI등재

3유추강(庾秋岡)의 야담과 그 계몽적 성격

저자 : 이동월 ( Lee Dong-wol )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 53-80 (28 pages)

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As a person who contributed to the prevalence of yadams in the 1930s, historical storyteller Yu Chu-Gang is indispensable. Yu Chu-Gang's real name is Yu Seok-Woo. He was originally a minister, but in the 1930s, he began his career as a historical storyteller by narrating in the radio talk show. His orally narrated yadam and yadam telling contest, were warmly welcomed by the public.
The Yuchugang's yadams I confirmed include several articles included in newspapers and magazines, and the collection of yadams published in the early 1950s, 『O-Seong and Han-Eum』, 『Bong-Yi Kim Seondal』, 『Prince Yang-Nyeong's Travel Sketches』, 『The Disturbance of Goblins』, and 『Jeong Su-Dong and Jeong Man-Seo』. He not only took materials from previous literature, but also compiled anecdotes of people that were talked about among people into full-length yadam.
Yu Chu-Gang's yadams have a marked enlightening tendency. He inspired pride in the nation through the bravery of historical figures and the will to overcome the national crisis. In addition, he refined customs by raising questions about convention and suggesting scientific and reasonable solutions. Furthermore, he preached the teachings of Christ to love his enemies and neighbors and emphasized the practice of love.
Yu Chu-Gang's enlightening yadam spread the history of the nation to the public and foster a modern consciousness. However, due to its enlightening characteristic could not escape the limits of diminishing the fun of the unfolding story.

KCI등재

4로컬 인식의 탈중심화를 위한 언어문화적 수행 - 지역 일상어의 문학적 변용에 따른 인식의 재구조화 가능성을 중심으로 -

저자 : 최혜경 ( Choe Hye-kyung )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 81-112 (32 pages)

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This article draws attention to the mobility of interactions that are overlooked from a developmental historical perspective over time between the local past and present, between the center and the periphery, and the strength of its forces. It explored in terms of linguistic culture the performative ways that can lead to sociocultural restructuring through the re-experience of local awareness and communication between locals. Local languages form their own borders of perception by means of the unique forms of emotion and expression contained in them, connecting users or creating new boundaries and dividing structured relationships. In this article, I have been inspired by the characteristics and functions of these local languages. I saw that the poetic transformation of everyday language, that is, the act of re-experiencing it in the realm of particularity, could be a way of setting the stage for a change in the local perception and critical reconstruction of the language that has been contained in it.
In other words, the purpose of this article is to explore the performance method in the mutual relation of 'literature-culture' in order to reconstruct the hierarchical local recognition and local relationship derived from structured local recognition. Accordingly, the text of this article meta-analysis of the discussions studied in terms of poetry on local language. In addition, I examined the effectiveness of local languages as a mechanism to recognize that we have different bases of life, languages, and emotions, but we exist together. In the process, it was confirmed that the local language is a "working language" of local members living with local as a living place and a background of daily life, and also a "playing language" that allows them to experience the world view and meaning network at different levels.
Accordingly, it is predicted that local language as a local everyday language can be effective when used as a tool for transforming a society of deversity. On the other hand, the discourse field based on poetry text and semantic networks is considered to be an experiential time when unfamiliar perceptions and different emotions across boundaries can collide and react, and at the same time, it can be a space of encounters and crosses where awareness and emotion can be negotiated. In the end, the article suggests that in this era of cross-section and hybridity, a perspective of recognizing local should be established as a place for reasons and narratives to uncover the 'identity of existence', and as a place to fulfill future tasks that materialize a wide consultation community and coexistence.

KCI등재

5정체성에서 주체화로: 로힌턴 미스트리의 『가족 문제』에 나타난 서사 전략

저자 : 김인숙 ( Kim In-sook )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-141 (29 pages)

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This study explored how the problem of minority identity in Rohinton Mistry's novel Family Matters(2002) was revealed according to the author's narrative strategy. Rohinton Mistry reproduced the problems of the Parsi community in Family Matters at a time when the survival of minority groups was threatened. Mistry felt the crisis of Parsi's identity, but was wary of solving the problem in a way that consolidated its identity. The author explores, in the form of a novel, how to overcome the crisis while revealing the sense of crisis in the community. Paying attention to the transformation of the central character, he superimposed numerous stories with the main story. He also diversified the focused narrators and created gaps in the procedural passage of time. According to these narrative strategies, all the identities emphasized by the community have been turned into questions. In contrast to Yezard who reveals the limits of identity politics, Jehangir is a person who shows the potential of subjectification. The task remains for Jehangir to recognize the violation, to listen to unspoken ambiguities, and to rewrite the story in a way that has never been described before.

KCI등재

6『등대로』에 나타난 죽음에 대한 기억과 애도

저자 : 이희정 ( Lee Hee-Jung )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 143-165 (23 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the meaning of memory and mourning for death through Lily and Mrs. Ramsey, the mother-daughter relationship in Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse (1927). After writing To the Lighthouse, Woolf said in her diary that she expressed the emotions she had felt for a long time without suffering from her mother, who had captured him Powerfully. In this sense, Woolf was freed from her obsession with her mother by remembering her mother and performing a mourning ritual through the writing of To the Lighthouse.
In this study, how Lilly, who is Wolf's agent, remembers and mourns Mrs. Ramsay is examined in connection with her creative act. While painting, Lily suffers from a sense of loss for Mrs. Ramsey's death and constantly contemplates how to recreate Mrs. Ramsey. Lily's process of recreating the dead Mrs. Ramsey is only possible through the act of memory. In this sense, reminiscence of the past seems to be an important device to help Lily demonstrate creativity with the essence of the past and build a new relationship between herself and Mrs. Ramsey.
In addition, Lily changes her point of view by reconstructing Mrs. Ramsay through a mourning ceremony, acquiring an aesthetic vision and a revelatory moment to express “the thing itself.” Therefore, such memories and acts of mourning are meaningful in that they can understand the other more deeply by reconstructing the existence of the dead and looking at them anew.

KCI등재

7동·서양 일월 신화에 나타나는 성차 담론의 반복과 차이 ― 원형론·구조론·위상론과 전복적 여성성 -

저자 : 손현 ( Sohn Hyun )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 167-198 (32 pages)

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The signifier of sexual difference is always adopted in the Eastern and Western mythologies on the sun and the moon. This essay amid to discuss what femininity would be like as a subversive force to oppressing and discriminating society by reading four representative sun and moon myths of the East and the West: the Greek and Roman mythology of Apollo and Diana, the Norse mythology of Sol and Mani, the Chinese mythology of Nuwa and Fuki, and the Korean mythology of “The Sun and the Moon.” This essay analyzes the characteristics of the gender and power relationship of the sun and the moon in the four myths and interprets them through the theories of Jung's archetype, Levi-Strauss' structure and Lacan's topology. Dialogically discussing the possibilities and limitations of each theory for the recovery of liberating femininity, this essay highlights the fluidity of sexual difference in the Korean mythology of “The Sun and the Moon” as a possible model for the new feminine ethics of inclusion and infinity.

KCI등재

8통행본 『문자(文子)』의 도가 사상과 그 의미

저자 : 이민규 ( Lee Min-gyu )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 199-239 (41 pages)

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This paper tried to illuminate the meaning of the Taoist philosophy and ideology contained in it by analyzing the 'Wen-tzu'.
This paper analyzed the 'Wen-tzu'. Examining the “道原”, “道德”, and “自然” sections, it was revealed that the Doctrine of the 'Wen-tzu' is the principle of creation of all things, and that '聖人' is a person of inaction. Subsequently, this paper also revealed how virtue, benevolence, righteousness, and etiquette are defined in the 'Wen-tzu'. The 'Wen-tzu' does not completely deny benevolence, righteousness, and courtesy, but on the contrary, it is defined as an ethical value lower than virtue. The nine rules were presented in the '九守' section and the '符言' section, and on the other hand, the true meaning of Taoism was flexibly presented through various proverbs.
The 'Wen-tzu' contains traces of Huang-Lao School that have absorbed the influence of Confucianism as well as including the rule of the monarch, centering on the theory of human cultivation and nature. It will be necessary to understand the philosophy of the Taoist philosophy and its ideological significance in the context of philosophical and ideological history.

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1한국어 '-지(요)' '-잖아(요)'의 조건 표지 용법과 그 기능의 획득

저자 : 이의종 ( Lee Euijong )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 45권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-32 (32 pages)

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In this study we explore the forms, meanings, and meaning change processes of 'ci(yo)' and 'canha(yo)' as conditional markers, 'ci(yo)' and 'canha(yo)' compose conditional construction which has formal properties including rising intonation, constraint of honorific level, and constraint of inversion and omission of consequent clause. Hypothetical meanings and counterfactual meanings could be expressed by these conditional markers, but factual meanings are blocked from being expressed. The consequent clause of the construction always has to depict a concrete scene. This conditional meaning is presumably derived from their 'introducing discourse topic' function and the 'introducing discourse topic' function is from the 'confirming' function. The reason that '-ci(yo)' and 'canha(yo)' compose this conditional construction is the affinity between the genericity meaning of topics and the repeatability/regularity meaning of conditionals.

KCI등재

2한국전쟁기 피란수도 부산의 중·고등학교 국어교육 연구 - 교육과정의 편제 및 교과서 내용 구성을 중심으로 -

저자 : 주현희 ( Ju Hyeon-hee )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 45권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-80 (48 pages)

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In this study examined how Korean language education was developed in the refugee capital of Busan during the Korean War and how it was operated by refugee School. The teaching points established during the U.S. military period were not properly reorganized due to the outbreak of the Korean War when the curriculum reorganization was discussed, and each school partially modified and used the teaching points of the U.S. military period according to the war situation.
During the Korean War, many refugee schools were established in the refuge capital of Busan, but it was difficult to conduct regular classes due to insufficient supplies and educational facilities. However, despite difficulties in the operation of the regular curriculum under special circumstances during wartime, education continued. Accordingly, the refugee School operated school classes by applying a curriculum according to their respective conditions. A ceasefire agreement was signed in July 1953,and the curriculum was revised and promulgated on April 20,1954 Accordingly, each school also returned to school to reorganize the school system, and school classes were normalized. In addition, Korean language education was actively conducted at each school. Wartime education m the refuge capital of Busan, was developed into real-life-oriented Korean language education that overcomes the disconnection of education and uses Korean in real life. And this can be said to be the basis for the reconstruction of post-war Korean language education.
In this study, how Korean language education developed during the Korean War was examined through the U.S. military regular and middle and high school curriculum during the Korean War, and compared with the post-war revised and promulgated curriculum. In addition,the curriculum is intended to substantially implement education, and it is the textbook that consists of specific educational materials specified m the curriculum. Therefore, based on this curriculum, it was also examined how Korean textbooks were compiled and what contents and composition systems Korean textbooks published during the Korean War had.

KCI등재

3프랑스어 인터넷신문 기사 표제의 통사 분석

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Newspaper headline summarizes the article s contents concisely that it effectively grabs the readers' attention. Most of the literature on French newspaper headlines are still concentrated on the offline one. Today's newspaper readers however go more online due to its ubiquity. So is in need a study on online newspaper article headlines. In addition, it turns out that a comparative study of them between different newspapers has not been done. This study aims at classifying French online newspapers headlines according to their structure type, analyze them syntactically, describe their properties systematically, and compare and analyze where their commonalities and differences are. The three hundred French internet article headlines in total are selected (Le Monde, Le Figaro, and Libération, one hundred from each title), being published between December 27, 2021 and December 31, 2021. A new linguistic phenomenon is found throughout this comparative study.

KCI등재

4'병든 중국'을 치료하기 - 청말 중국에서의 신체에 대한 새로운 인식 -

저자 : 주현호 ( Joo Hyun-ho )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 45권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 105-132 (28 pages)

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China's defeat in the two mid-nineteenth century Opium Wars led many Chinese Confucian scholars to realize that China was not the center of the world and damaged their long-standing pride in Chinese civilization. After that, a negative perspective of China grew rapidly in the West, represented by a view of China as the “sick man of Asia.” This negative perception was widespread m China as well. This paper examines the creation and dissemination of the sick man of Asia narrative and critically explores the Western-centered ideas that supported the narrative, such as social Darwinism, pathology, imperialism, and Orientalism. In addition, by analyzing reform-minded intellectuals' worldviews and renewed views of the body and the Dianshizhai Pictorial's illustrations of Western sports and medical technology, this paper investigates the ways in which the sick man of Asia narrative was reproduced in China and influenced Chinese society.

KCI등재

5『인간의 조건』에 나타난 '소유'개념 연구 - 사적 영역의 비박탈적 성격을 중심으로 -

저자 : 서정자 ( Seo Jeong-ja )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 45권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 133-155 (23 pages)

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Arendt's understanding of the public realm and private realm has been controversial since the publication of 『Human Condition』 in 1958. In particular, Arendt attempted to prudence explain ancient Greek polises, she continued the problem of non-sovereigns represented by citizens, women, slaves, and proletarian. But Arendt's political theory was suspected to be for men, soldiers and bourgeois. This controversy can be said to be fatal for Arendt, who identifies the problems in today's society as caused by the extinction of the private realm following the collapse of the public realm, and insists on the restoration of the public realm and the separation of the two realm. In order to answer the questions raised above, it is important to take a close look at Arendt's understanding of 'property' and 'wealth'. This will confirm the assertion of human life that should not be the subject of judgment and evaluation.

KCI등재

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저자 : 유은미 ( Yoo Eun-mi )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 45권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 157-180 (24 pages)

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This paper is an ecological study on the Earth Charter. The Earth Charter is a declaration of fundamental ethical principles for building a just, sustainable and peaceful global society, with ecological integrity as its main theme. The draft Earth Charter included the most inclusive and participatory process involved in the creation of an international declaration. This process is the primary source of its legitimacy as a guiding ethical framework. The Earth Charter was finalized and launched in 2000, and its legitimacy has been further strengthened by its support by more than 6,500 organizations representing millions of individuals, including many governments and international organizations.
This study explored the ecological significance of the Earth Charter. It showed that the Earth Charter highlights the relationship between ecological integrity and sustainable development, and between ecological and social justice. In conclusion, the Earth Charter proposes an integral ecology that emphasizes the interrelationships and interdependences of humans, nature, and society.

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7소규모학교와 지역사회 융합방안의 해외사례 분석과 시사점

저자 : 정일환 ( Chung Il-hwan ) , 김상규 ( Kim Sang-kyu ) , 박찬호 ( Park Chan-ho ) , 윤종혁 ( Yoon Jong-hyeok ) , 이대희 ( Lee Dae-hee ) , 전영권 ( Jung Hyun-sook ) , 정현숙 ( Jeon Young-gweon ) , 주동범 ( Ju Dong-beom )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 45권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 181-210 (30 pages)

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The purpose of the study is to collect and analyze cases in the United States and Japan on the convergence of small schools and local communities, and to obtain implications for Korea
In order to achieve the purpose, the relationship and convergence between small schools and local communities, and the cases of the United States and Japan were collected and analyzed.
The results are as follows. First, in the case of the United States, the local manpower pool was actively used and parents' school education support was also active. In particular, by encouraging students to actively and voluntarily participate in the school education program, parents made efforts to support their children's education to induce the participation of local residents. Second, in the case of Japan, projects were implemented to support the regeneration of small schools within the local community and to create a village school after the consolidation and abolition of small schools. Third, as ways for convergence between small schools and local communities, a win-win principle and strategy between small schools and village education communities were adopted, and as a community hub, it is necessary to play an important role in terms of educational administration, curriculum operation and student support, and the local community.
The establishment of cooperative governance between education administration and general administration, and mutual understanding and communication and consensus formation among local community residents, parents as well as students, education authority, local governments, and school teachers are important for successful convergence of small schools and local communities.

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8트럼프 정부의 반(反) 이민정책의 강화와 미국-멕시코 국경장벽 - 미국의 이민정책 논쟁과 사회 양극화를 중심으로 -

저자 : 김미경 ( Kim Mee-kyung )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 45권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 211-237 (27 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the spread of the immigration debate in the United States and the resulting social polarization from theoretical and historical perspectives. In particular, this article focuses on the analysis of the background and causes of the political, social, cultural and ideological polarization of American society due to the strengthening of the Trump's anti-immigrant policy and the construction of the US-Mexico Border Wall. Although President Trump's presidency is over, but his anti-immigrant policies and the Border Wall construction are still dividing, subjugating, and differentiating not only the United States, but the world. Examples include the Latino illegal immigration procession in 2018, the federal shutdown in 2019, and the occupation of the Capitol m 2020. At this point, the analysis of Trump's anti-immigration policy is a task that must be performed not only for the sake of unity, equality, and safety in the United States from a narrow viewpoint, and the world from a broad perspective. The research method of this study analyzes government documents, news, papers and books based on literature research, and theoretically utilizes multiculturalism, assimilationism, and substantive conflict theory. Trump's anti-immigration policy has both positive and negative aspects, but it has been evaluated as having more 'disadvantages' than 'benefits', which has many implications for Korea which is transitioning to a multicultural society.

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9'불법' 이주의 생산과 사회문화적 구성 경기도 - 공단 인근 미등록 이주민의 사례를 중심으로 -

저자 : 이창호 ( Lee Chang-ho )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 45권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 239-280 (42 pages)

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This study focuses on the production and construction of 'illegal' migration, including the migration process of undocumented migrants, through participant observations and in-depth interviews with migrants from Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Russia and Tajikistan. The production of 'illegal' migration occurs on two levels. One is Korea's continuous migrant worker control policy and the other is various illegal residence strategies of migrants using loopholes in the receiving country's legal residence and human rights guarantee system. Undocumented migrants naturally enter the migrant community through social networks with existing migrants. These spaces can be said to be a transnational arena that transcends the ambiguous boundaries between legal/illegal created by the state. They aspire to a 'better life' similar to that of Korean society while adapting to the more structured and efficient Korean system than in their home country. However, at the same time, this trend is contrary to and contradictory to Koreas (im)migration policy, which is constantly trying to control and limit 'illegal' (im)migration.

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