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대한체육학회> 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지)> 경찰공무원의 운동참여 특성에 따른 외상 후 스트레스 차이 검증

KCI등재

경찰공무원의 운동참여 특성에 따른 외상 후 스트레스 차이 검증

Validation of Differences in Post-Traumatic Stress according to The Exercise Participation Characteristics of Police Officers

장덕진 ( Jang Deokjin ) , 고화섭 ( Ko Hwaseop ) , 오경록 ( Oh Khungrok ) , 이준희 ( Lee Junhee )
  • : 대한체육학회
  • : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 05월
  • : 99-106(8pages)
대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서 론
Ⅱ. 연구방법
Ⅲ. 결 과
Ⅳ. 논 의
Ⅴ. 결론 및 제언
참고문헌

키워드 보기


초록 보기

The purpose of this study is to provide basic literature data by analyzing the difference in post-traumatic stress according to the characteristics of exercise participation of police officers. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, a survey was conducted on 154 police Officers, and conclusions were drawn through results and discussions. First, there was a difference in post-traumatic stress according to the exercise participation time of police Officers. It was found that the group who exercised less than 1 hour had a lower level of post-traumatic stress than the group who participated in exercise for more than 3 hours. Forceful exercise after work can rather act as a factor that can further increase stress. It is believed that it will be helpful to relieve mental stress along with physical health through an appropriate exercise time of less than 1 hour. Second, there was no significant difference in exercise participation, exercise type, and exercise item. The data collection of this study was collected from December 1, 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic situation was severe, to February 20, 2021, and it is believed that external activities were limited due to social and environmental restrictions, which lacked relief from post-traumatic stress and mental stress. On the other hand, in this study, due to social and environmental restrictions, there were limitations in the study depending on whether police officers participated in exercise, types of exercise and exercise intensity. In this regard, it is believed that follow-up research is needed to find an objective solution to post-traumatic stress disorder of police officers through periodic and appropriate intensity direct exercise participation experiments in a controlled experimental environment.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 예체능분야  > 체육학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1229-5477
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1997-2022
  • : 258


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20권1호(2022년 05월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

112주간 걷기와 놀이운동이 초등학교 비만여학생의 대사증후군위험인자와 성장호르몬에 미치는 영향

저자 : 백운효 ( Baek Unhyo ) , 이경렬 ( Lee Kyoungyul )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-10 (10 pages)

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This study conducted walking exercise and play exercise (traditional play, catching game, ball play) for 12 weeks targeting obese female students of elementary school, and as a result of investigating changes in metabolic syndrome risk factors and growth hormone, the following conclusions were obtained.
First, walking and play exercise were found to be effective on waist circumference, body fat percentage, triglyceride, and blood sugar among the metabolic syndrome risk factors of obese girls in elementary school, but had no effect on blood pressure and HDL-C. Second, walking and play exercise were found to be effective on growth hormone in obese elementary school girls.
Considering the above results, it proves that walking and play-type exercise for 12 weeks is effective in improving metabolic syndrome factors and growth hormone, and it is judged to be a method that can mediate the prevention and management of obesity in children and adolescents. It is thought that play-type exercise that includes interest and fun can help children and adolescents form exercise habits, and can be provided as basic data for improving school physical education and nurturing physical education leaders.

KCI등재

2중학교 체육수업에서 교수행동 지각과 자기모니터링, 유능감 및 과제 지속의 구조적 관계

저자 : 신이수 ( Shin Leesoo ) , 박인혜 ( Park Inhye ) , 원유미 ( Won Yumi )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 11-27 (17 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to identify the structural relationships among the perception of teaching behaviors, self-monitoring, competence, and task persistence of middle school students in physical education classes. A convenience sampling was performed to analyze data collected from 446 students in four middle schools in the Seoul metropolitan area. As a result of the study, first, the autonomous teaching behavior of teachers was found to have a significant impact on the self-monitoring, competence, and persistent task performance of students. Second, controlling teaching behavior among teaching behaviors had no significant impact on students' self-monitoring, competence, and task persistence. Third, self-monitoring was found to have a significant impact on the students' cognition of competence and task persistence. Fourth, competence did not have a significant impact on predicting task persistence. Lastly, in the relationship between teaching behaviors and task persistence, self-monitoring and competence had mediating effects on teachers' autonomous teaching behavior and students' task persistence. In short, compared to the controlling teaching behavior, teachers with greater autonomy in teaching were more effective in improving students' academic achievement. Meanwhile, self-monitoring and competency also improved with autonomous teaching behavior, which hence had a significant correlation with persistent task performance. These findings highlight the need for teachers to place greater emphasis on autonomous teaching behavior than on controlling teaching behavior. In addition, students' improved self-monitoring based on their tendency for cognitive academic achievement and competence related to the perception of functional enhancement may also be effective in their persistent task performance. Therefore, the results of this study are expected to provide useful information to understand students' learning behaviors.

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences in subjective health, body type recognition, mental health status and recovery from sleep fatigue according to the physical activity levels of Korean adolescents before and after COVID-19. A total of 112,251 subjects were used for the final analysis through Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey data. To achieve the purpose of the study, the collected data were analyzed through the SPSS 25.0 version program with Chi-Square and independent t-test. As a result, first the perception of overweight increased in subjective body type recognition before and after COVID-19, and physical activity level decreased. On the other had, the levels of strength training, mental health and sleep fatigue recovery were found to increase, and there was no statistically significant difference in subjective health. Second we found that the higher physical activity and muscle strength training level, the more sufficient the adolescents' sleep fatigue recovery. In addition, we found that sufficient sleep fatigue recovery had a positive effect on mental health and sadness and despair status. Through the results of this study, we found that physical activity types and levels preferred by adolescents during the COVID-19 period were changed. Therefore, we considered that it is necessary to present a physical activity program that can be applied to the COVID-19 situation for the purpose of promoting the physical and mental health of adolescents.

KCI등재

4필라테스 스튜디오 서비스스케이프의 중요도-만족도 분석

저자 : 이재용 ( Lee Jaeyong ) , 최영철 ( Choi Youngchyul ) , 이준우 ( Lee Junwoo )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 41-52 (12 pages)

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As the proportion of personal Pilates studios has increased as the size of the Pilates market grows in the current market, the provision of enhanced service quality that meets the needs of consumers is considered the best strategy for Pilates operators and revitalization of the Pilates industry. To this end, this study drew the following conclusion through the IPA technique with respect to the satisfaction and importance of the servicescape to provide information to suggest the direction of service quality of the Pilates studio.
First, satisfaction and importance are perceived differently as there is a significant difference between satisfaction-importance in 19 of 25 questions about the servicescape of the Pilates studio. And in the ranking comparison by average, Question 2(cleanliness of indoor sculptures), Question 8(appropriateness of arrangement of equipment), and Question 14(atmosphere of exercise by scent) had the highest ranking, and Question 17(atmosphere of exercise by lighting) had the lowest ranking. Second, as a result of the IPA analysis, Question 8(appropriateness of Pilates equipment arrangement), Question 20(space of entrance and movement path), Question 24(manners and friendliness of staff), Question 16(psychological stability by lighting), etc., were evaluated as good satisfaction. Question 2(cleanliness of indoor sculptures), Question 11(Pilates atmosphere caused by noise), Question 9(exercise atmosphere), etc. were found to be directed toward concentration of effort. Question 25(stability by staff), Question 19(showing the location of toilet and emergency exits), Question 23(staff's neatness), etc. were found to be of low priority. And, Question 22(staff's appearance), Question 6(performance of Pilates equipment), and Question 12(benefits of exercise by noise) were found to be over-effort types.

KCI등재

52022베이징 동계올림픽 미디어 경험과 동계스포츠 참여의 관계 분석

저자 : 탁암 ( Zhuo Yan ) , 윤성현 ( Youn Seonghyun ) , 이병찬 ( Lee Byungchan )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 53-60 (8 pages)

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This study investigated the relationship between the Media experience of Winter Olypic Games and Winter Sports participation. To achieve the goal, a total of 278 samples were used for analysis from to winter sports participants in Sichuan, China with frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability verification, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis by SPSS 24.0 ver. for windows. The conclusions are as follows.
First, both challenge and interest were confirmed to have a relationship between pleasure and influence among winter sports participation experiences, so it can be said that the Megasport event also confirmed the role of a top-down to expand the base. Second, the challenge is confirmed to have a relationship with technology achievement among winter sports participation experiences, and it is judged that athletes' high-level performance motivates participants in daily sports to improve their skills. Third, interest has affected health conditions, which is presumed to be because the general public often participates in sports with strong leisure sports characteristics. Fourth, as interest and relationship were confirmed in external display, the development of equipment such as action cameras and the role of SNS using them is very important.

KCI등재

6중학교 체육교사의 온라인 체육수업 발전 방향 인식 연구

저자 : 심승보 ( Sim Seungbo ) , 김하영 ( Kim Hayoung )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 61-70 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to suggest the direction for future physical education(PE) classes by exploring effective smart physical education classes based on the experiences of teachers who conducted online physical education classes in middle school and students who learned them. For the purpose of this study, 7 PE teachers using the convenient sampling method were selected and in-depth interviews were conducted. The results are as follows.
First, various obstacles occurred in the actual field of online physical education classes. The environmental problem that students can participate in online classes was the biggest factor. And the spatial limitation of participating in class differs according to each student's home environment. It has been shown to act as a major obstacle for teachers conducting classes.
Second, there was a lack of content and platforms for online classes and video materials that could have a direct impact on classes. To overcome this, it was an opportunity to create high-quality physical education classes by conducting cooperative classes.
Third, the necessity and importance of establishing a comprehensive system of online classes and smart classes were revealed through the online physical education class experience. It was found that it has no choice but to use it naturally over time. In addition, it was found that the development of science continues from the past to the present, and education must also change in the process.

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This study was focused on exploring the stress factors of the owners and masters who run the Taekwondo gym in the field out of concerns that the status and position of Taekwondo, Korea's representative traditional sports, could deteriorate in the wake of the pandemic era caused by COVID-19. Based on the quantitative method by questionnaire, SPSS factor analysis, reliability test, regression analysis, and process macro statistics were used.
Main results are as follows. The two moderating variables of self-efficacy and social support were found to reduce self-esteem based on interaction with living stress in the case of the master group, but there was no effect on the owner. The Pandemic situation caused considerable living stress in the lives of Taekwondo leaders, and such living stress seems to have worked by a psychological mechanism to resolve cognitive dissonance by causing higher psychological conflicts among masters than owners.

KCI등재

8골프 스트레스와 극복력의 관계 : 경기력 수준에 따른 조절효과 검증

저자 : 정현수 ( Jeong Hyunsu ) , 이준우 ( Lee Junwoo )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 83-98 (16 pages)

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This study defined the relationship between golfers' stress and their resilience. And by checking whether there is a difference according to the level of performance in the path where the relationship is relevant, the examination put focus on the significance of the instructional direction for each golfing level. To this end, a total of 216 golfers were gathered from Chungnam and Daejeon through purposive sampling to be comprised of 125 general golfers and 91 professional golfers. A pre-testing was given to them to create a survey tool, which was used to collect the survey data. Therefore the following conclusions were drawn.
First, in terms of the golfer's stress, there was some difference in companion rudeness and economic burden factors according to individual characteristics. In terms of the golfer's resilience, there was some difference in relational and situational factors according to individual characteristics. Second, in the relationship between the stress and resilience of golfers, companion rudeness, economic burden, and game performance factors are related to the resilience. This indicates that some of the stress can be reduced by boosting the golfer's resilience. Third, in terms of the relationship between the golfer's stress and resilience, in the difference of performance level, there was a significant difference in the relationship between the stress from companion rudeness and the resilience. It was found that amateur golfers place more importance on the courtesy of their companions because such relationship in amateurs was relatively higher than that in professionals.

KCI등재

9경찰공무원의 운동참여 특성에 따른 외상 후 스트레스 차이 검증

저자 : 장덕진 ( Jang Deokjin ) , 고화섭 ( Ko Hwaseop ) , 오경록 ( Oh Khungrok ) , 이준희 ( Lee Junhee )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 99-106 (8 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this study is to provide basic literature data by analyzing the difference in post-traumatic stress according to the characteristics of exercise participation of police officers. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, a survey was conducted on 154 police Officers, and conclusions were drawn through results and discussions. First, there was a difference in post-traumatic stress according to the exercise participation time of police Officers. It was found that the group who exercised less than 1 hour had a lower level of post-traumatic stress than the group who participated in exercise for more than 3 hours. Forceful exercise after work can rather act as a factor that can further increase stress. It is believed that it will be helpful to relieve mental stress along with physical health through an appropriate exercise time of less than 1 hour. Second, there was no significant difference in exercise participation, exercise type, and exercise item. The data collection of this study was collected from December 1, 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic situation was severe, to February 20, 2021, and it is believed that external activities were limited due to social and environmental restrictions, which lacked relief from post-traumatic stress and mental stress. On the other hand, in this study, due to social and environmental restrictions, there were limitations in the study depending on whether police officers participated in exercise, types of exercise and exercise intensity. In this regard, it is believed that follow-up research is needed to find an objective solution to post-traumatic stress disorder of police officers through periodic and appropriate intensity direct exercise participation experiments in a controlled experimental environment.

KCI등재

10사회적 소외계층을 위한 스포츠복지 활성화 방안 : 다문화가족 청소년을 중심으로

저자 : 김영미 ( Kim Youngmi ) , 김태현 ( Kim Taehyon ) , 이미선 ( Yi Misun ) , 박희정 ( Park Hijung )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 107-118 (12 pages)

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This study aims at figuring out the current status of sports welfare projects realizing the goals and conducting to improve socio-cultural adjustment on the adolescents from multicultural facilities, necessity of the projects, and their problems and suggestions. The study also aims at deducing specific solutions and how to invigorate them. For this, the qualitative research method was chosen and then, the research data were collected by the related literature reviews, in-depth interviews with the research participants, and expert meetings.
The reasons needing to sports welfare for adolescents from multicultural families include improving their self-confidence through sports activity experiences which they barely experienced in their daily life and driving force for their school life, and so, it is necessary to pursue to promote and run the programs positively. For the problems of sports welfare programs for adolescents from multicultural families, first, there are few persons in charge of programs in provinces and cities and from groups by genre. Second, various sports activity programs are too lacking.
For the specific solutions for sports welfare of adolescents from multicultural facilities as well as for invigorating it, the conclusions are as follows: First, it is necessary to develop various programs and use positively diverse class strategies and solutions. Second, it is required to invigorate various training programs for changing perception of teachers and coaches. Third, it is required to introduce sports boucher. Fourth, it is necessary to seek linking with sports clubs by genre. Fifth, it is necessary to consider and support the multicultural families with migration background in mid- and long-term perspectives.
For the future studies, the suggestions are made as follows: It is necessary to link the school and after-school programs for adolescents from multicultural families with migration background.

12
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KCI등재

112주간 걷기와 놀이운동이 초등학교 비만여학생의 대사증후군위험인자와 성장호르몬에 미치는 영향

저자 : 백운효 ( Baek Unhyo ) , 이경렬 ( Lee Kyoungyul )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-10 (10 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study conducted walking exercise and play exercise (traditional play, catching game, ball play) for 12 weeks targeting obese female students of elementary school, and as a result of investigating changes in metabolic syndrome risk factors and growth hormone, the following conclusions were obtained.
First, walking and play exercise were found to be effective on waist circumference, body fat percentage, triglyceride, and blood sugar among the metabolic syndrome risk factors of obese girls in elementary school, but had no effect on blood pressure and HDL-C. Second, walking and play exercise were found to be effective on growth hormone in obese elementary school girls.
Considering the above results, it proves that walking and play-type exercise for 12 weeks is effective in improving metabolic syndrome factors and growth hormone, and it is judged to be a method that can mediate the prevention and management of obesity in children and adolescents. It is thought that play-type exercise that includes interest and fun can help children and adolescents form exercise habits, and can be provided as basic data for improving school physical education and nurturing physical education leaders.

KCI등재

2중학교 체육수업에서 교수행동 지각과 자기모니터링, 유능감 및 과제 지속의 구조적 관계

저자 : 신이수 ( Shin Leesoo ) , 박인혜 ( Park Inhye ) , 원유미 ( Won Yumi )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 11-27 (17 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this study was to identify the structural relationships among the perception of teaching behaviors, self-monitoring, competence, and task persistence of middle school students in physical education classes. A convenience sampling was performed to analyze data collected from 446 students in four middle schools in the Seoul metropolitan area. As a result of the study, first, the autonomous teaching behavior of teachers was found to have a significant impact on the self-monitoring, competence, and persistent task performance of students. Second, controlling teaching behavior among teaching behaviors had no significant impact on students' self-monitoring, competence, and task persistence. Third, self-monitoring was found to have a significant impact on the students' cognition of competence and task persistence. Fourth, competence did not have a significant impact on predicting task persistence. Lastly, in the relationship between teaching behaviors and task persistence, self-monitoring and competence had mediating effects on teachers' autonomous teaching behavior and students' task persistence. In short, compared to the controlling teaching behavior, teachers with greater autonomy in teaching were more effective in improving students' academic achievement. Meanwhile, self-monitoring and competency also improved with autonomous teaching behavior, which hence had a significant correlation with persistent task performance. These findings highlight the need for teachers to place greater emphasis on autonomous teaching behavior than on controlling teaching behavior. In addition, students' improved self-monitoring based on their tendency for cognitive academic achievement and competence related to the perception of functional enhancement may also be effective in their persistent task performance. Therefore, the results of this study are expected to provide useful information to understand students' learning behaviors.

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences in subjective health, body type recognition, mental health status and recovery from sleep fatigue according to the physical activity levels of Korean adolescents before and after COVID-19. A total of 112,251 subjects were used for the final analysis through Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey data. To achieve the purpose of the study, the collected data were analyzed through the SPSS 25.0 version program with Chi-Square and independent t-test. As a result, first the perception of overweight increased in subjective body type recognition before and after COVID-19, and physical activity level decreased. On the other had, the levels of strength training, mental health and sleep fatigue recovery were found to increase, and there was no statistically significant difference in subjective health. Second we found that the higher physical activity and muscle strength training level, the more sufficient the adolescents' sleep fatigue recovery. In addition, we found that sufficient sleep fatigue recovery had a positive effect on mental health and sadness and despair status. Through the results of this study, we found that physical activity types and levels preferred by adolescents during the COVID-19 period were changed. Therefore, we considered that it is necessary to present a physical activity program that can be applied to the COVID-19 situation for the purpose of promoting the physical and mental health of adolescents.

KCI등재

4필라테스 스튜디오 서비스스케이프의 중요도-만족도 분석

저자 : 이재용 ( Lee Jaeyong ) , 최영철 ( Choi Youngchyul ) , 이준우 ( Lee Junwoo )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 41-52 (12 pages)

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As the proportion of personal Pilates studios has increased as the size of the Pilates market grows in the current market, the provision of enhanced service quality that meets the needs of consumers is considered the best strategy for Pilates operators and revitalization of the Pilates industry. To this end, this study drew the following conclusion through the IPA technique with respect to the satisfaction and importance of the servicescape to provide information to suggest the direction of service quality of the Pilates studio.
First, satisfaction and importance are perceived differently as there is a significant difference between satisfaction-importance in 19 of 25 questions about the servicescape of the Pilates studio. And in the ranking comparison by average, Question 2(cleanliness of indoor sculptures), Question 8(appropriateness of arrangement of equipment), and Question 14(atmosphere of exercise by scent) had the highest ranking, and Question 17(atmosphere of exercise by lighting) had the lowest ranking. Second, as a result of the IPA analysis, Question 8(appropriateness of Pilates equipment arrangement), Question 20(space of entrance and movement path), Question 24(manners and friendliness of staff), Question 16(psychological stability by lighting), etc., were evaluated as good satisfaction. Question 2(cleanliness of indoor sculptures), Question 11(Pilates atmosphere caused by noise), Question 9(exercise atmosphere), etc. were found to be directed toward concentration of effort. Question 25(stability by staff), Question 19(showing the location of toilet and emergency exits), Question 23(staff's neatness), etc. were found to be of low priority. And, Question 22(staff's appearance), Question 6(performance of Pilates equipment), and Question 12(benefits of exercise by noise) were found to be over-effort types.

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52022베이징 동계올림픽 미디어 경험과 동계스포츠 참여의 관계 분석

저자 : 탁암 ( Zhuo Yan ) , 윤성현 ( Youn Seonghyun ) , 이병찬 ( Lee Byungchan )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 53-60 (8 pages)

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This study investigated the relationship between the Media experience of Winter Olypic Games and Winter Sports participation. To achieve the goal, a total of 278 samples were used for analysis from to winter sports participants in Sichuan, China with frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability verification, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis by SPSS 24.0 ver. for windows. The conclusions are as follows.
First, both challenge and interest were confirmed to have a relationship between pleasure and influence among winter sports participation experiences, so it can be said that the Megasport event also confirmed the role of a top-down to expand the base. Second, the challenge is confirmed to have a relationship with technology achievement among winter sports participation experiences, and it is judged that athletes' high-level performance motivates participants in daily sports to improve their skills. Third, interest has affected health conditions, which is presumed to be because the general public often participates in sports with strong leisure sports characteristics. Fourth, as interest and relationship were confirmed in external display, the development of equipment such as action cameras and the role of SNS using them is very important.

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6중학교 체육교사의 온라인 체육수업 발전 방향 인식 연구

저자 : 심승보 ( Sim Seungbo ) , 김하영 ( Kim Hayoung )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 61-70 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to suggest the direction for future physical education(PE) classes by exploring effective smart physical education classes based on the experiences of teachers who conducted online physical education classes in middle school and students who learned them. For the purpose of this study, 7 PE teachers using the convenient sampling method were selected and in-depth interviews were conducted. The results are as follows.
First, various obstacles occurred in the actual field of online physical education classes. The environmental problem that students can participate in online classes was the biggest factor. And the spatial limitation of participating in class differs according to each student's home environment. It has been shown to act as a major obstacle for teachers conducting classes.
Second, there was a lack of content and platforms for online classes and video materials that could have a direct impact on classes. To overcome this, it was an opportunity to create high-quality physical education classes by conducting cooperative classes.
Third, the necessity and importance of establishing a comprehensive system of online classes and smart classes were revealed through the online physical education class experience. It was found that it has no choice but to use it naturally over time. In addition, it was found that the development of science continues from the past to the present, and education must also change in the process.

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This study was focused on exploring the stress factors of the owners and masters who run the Taekwondo gym in the field out of concerns that the status and position of Taekwondo, Korea's representative traditional sports, could deteriorate in the wake of the pandemic era caused by COVID-19. Based on the quantitative method by questionnaire, SPSS factor analysis, reliability test, regression analysis, and process macro statistics were used.
Main results are as follows. The two moderating variables of self-efficacy and social support were found to reduce self-esteem based on interaction with living stress in the case of the master group, but there was no effect on the owner. The Pandemic situation caused considerable living stress in the lives of Taekwondo leaders, and such living stress seems to have worked by a psychological mechanism to resolve cognitive dissonance by causing higher psychological conflicts among masters than owners.

KCI등재

8골프 스트레스와 극복력의 관계 : 경기력 수준에 따른 조절효과 검증

저자 : 정현수 ( Jeong Hyunsu ) , 이준우 ( Lee Junwoo )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 83-98 (16 pages)

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This study defined the relationship between golfers' stress and their resilience. And by checking whether there is a difference according to the level of performance in the path where the relationship is relevant, the examination put focus on the significance of the instructional direction for each golfing level. To this end, a total of 216 golfers were gathered from Chungnam and Daejeon through purposive sampling to be comprised of 125 general golfers and 91 professional golfers. A pre-testing was given to them to create a survey tool, which was used to collect the survey data. Therefore the following conclusions were drawn.
First, in terms of the golfer's stress, there was some difference in companion rudeness and economic burden factors according to individual characteristics. In terms of the golfer's resilience, there was some difference in relational and situational factors according to individual characteristics. Second, in the relationship between the stress and resilience of golfers, companion rudeness, economic burden, and game performance factors are related to the resilience. This indicates that some of the stress can be reduced by boosting the golfer's resilience. Third, in terms of the relationship between the golfer's stress and resilience, in the difference of performance level, there was a significant difference in the relationship between the stress from companion rudeness and the resilience. It was found that amateur golfers place more importance on the courtesy of their companions because such relationship in amateurs was relatively higher than that in professionals.

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9경찰공무원의 운동참여 특성에 따른 외상 후 스트레스 차이 검증

저자 : 장덕진 ( Jang Deokjin ) , 고화섭 ( Ko Hwaseop ) , 오경록 ( Oh Khungrok ) , 이준희 ( Lee Junhee )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 99-106 (8 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to provide basic literature data by analyzing the difference in post-traumatic stress according to the characteristics of exercise participation of police officers. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, a survey was conducted on 154 police Officers, and conclusions were drawn through results and discussions. First, there was a difference in post-traumatic stress according to the exercise participation time of police Officers. It was found that the group who exercised less than 1 hour had a lower level of post-traumatic stress than the group who participated in exercise for more than 3 hours. Forceful exercise after work can rather act as a factor that can further increase stress. It is believed that it will be helpful to relieve mental stress along with physical health through an appropriate exercise time of less than 1 hour. Second, there was no significant difference in exercise participation, exercise type, and exercise item. The data collection of this study was collected from December 1, 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic situation was severe, to February 20, 2021, and it is believed that external activities were limited due to social and environmental restrictions, which lacked relief from post-traumatic stress and mental stress. On the other hand, in this study, due to social and environmental restrictions, there were limitations in the study depending on whether police officers participated in exercise, types of exercise and exercise intensity. In this regard, it is believed that follow-up research is needed to find an objective solution to post-traumatic stress disorder of police officers through periodic and appropriate intensity direct exercise participation experiments in a controlled experimental environment.

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10사회적 소외계층을 위한 스포츠복지 활성화 방안 : 다문화가족 청소년을 중심으로

저자 : 김영미 ( Kim Youngmi ) , 김태현 ( Kim Taehyon ) , 이미선 ( Yi Misun ) , 박희정 ( Park Hijung )

발행기관 : 대한체육학회 간행물 : 대한스포츠융합학회지(구 한국유산소운동과학회지) 20권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 107-118 (12 pages)

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This study aims at figuring out the current status of sports welfare projects realizing the goals and conducting to improve socio-cultural adjustment on the adolescents from multicultural facilities, necessity of the projects, and their problems and suggestions. The study also aims at deducing specific solutions and how to invigorate them. For this, the qualitative research method was chosen and then, the research data were collected by the related literature reviews, in-depth interviews with the research participants, and expert meetings.
The reasons needing to sports welfare for adolescents from multicultural families include improving their self-confidence through sports activity experiences which they barely experienced in their daily life and driving force for their school life, and so, it is necessary to pursue to promote and run the programs positively. For the problems of sports welfare programs for adolescents from multicultural families, first, there are few persons in charge of programs in provinces and cities and from groups by genre. Second, various sports activity programs are too lacking.
For the specific solutions for sports welfare of adolescents from multicultural facilities as well as for invigorating it, the conclusions are as follows: First, it is necessary to develop various programs and use positively diverse class strategies and solutions. Second, it is required to invigorate various training programs for changing perception of teachers and coaches. Third, it is required to introduce sports boucher. Fourth, it is necessary to seek linking with sports clubs by genre. Fifth, it is necessary to consider and support the multicultural families with migration background in mid- and long-term perspectives.
For the future studies, the suggestions are made as follows: It is necessary to link the school and after-school programs for adolescents from multicultural families with migration background.

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