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영미문학연구회> 안과밖> 코로나19 팬데믹과 아시아라는 스타일

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코로나19 팬데믹과 아시아라는 스타일

The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Style of Asia

김정하 ( Kim Jungha )
  • : 영미문학연구회
  • : 안과밖 52권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 05월
  • : 134-158(25pages)
안과밖

DOI

10.46645/inoutsesk.52.6


목차

1. 바이러스와 장난감
2. 세계라는 수족관, 아시아라는 스타일
3. 위기의 스타일

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초록 보기

The anti-Asian racism that has manifested during the coronavirus pandemic recalls the long history of Asian racialization. It recalls the ways in which Asians have been imagined as a doubled figure to bear both racial otherness and historical transformation. The anti-Asian racism also hearkens back to the liminal space inhabited by the Asian body, a precarious position between human and inhuman. The Asian body exists as a sign, not an entity, on which a series of epidermal racial markers appear and onto which all the anxieties around the virus are projected in the displaced form of hate. As an anthropomorphized form for this pandemic’s complex relation to human life, the Asiatic figure becomes a synecdoche for the unprecedented crisis in its retention of these old racial markers. Chang-rae Lee’s On Such a Full Sea (2014) stages this blurred line in the category of race between discrimination (difference) and indiscrimination (identity) through the adventure of a “tiny” Asian girl, Fan. Analyzing the way in which Lee delves into Fan’s unique animacy, this paper argues that On Such a Full Sea stylizes the figure of Asia in two ways. First, the writer coordinates, both in the text’s form and content, the unique feature of Asian racialization in which the Asiatic figure is imagined as an emblem of crisis. Second, through Fan’s movement and its impact upon other characters, Lee also renders the style as a mode of response to affective disturbances of the present and thereby shapes Fan as an embodiment of the crisis style.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 영문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1226-3761
  • : 2765-5695
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1996-2022
  • : 948


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After more than a century of obscurity, the Jamaican nurse and Crimean war-hero Mary Seacole is now widely recognized as a figure of global importance in the wake of COVID-19 and the Black Lives Matter Movement. A biracial British woman born between a Scottish father and a Jamaican mother, Seacole published in 1857 an autobiography-travelogue titled Wonderful Adventures of Mrs Seacole in Many Lands. Emphasizing the indispensability and importance of Transatlanticism as a methodology in studying a Caribbean-born colonial subject such as Seacole, this paper draws upon recent scholarship of nineteenth-century American literature on citizenship to investigate the way Seacole makes an intervention into the dominant British national narrative of the nineteenth-century. In doing so, it turns to the hitherto neglected references and connection to William Shakespeare in Wonderful Adventures. Shakespeare's The Tempest serves as the major intertext in this paper's examination of the way Seacole subtlely yet powerfully revises and appropriates the narrative tradition around the female witch-healer with a dark complexion in her demand for a fuller British citizenship. Sir Walter Scott's Guy Mannering (1815) and Ivanhoe (1819) are discussed as texts presenting more recent versions of witch-healers of non-English origin with whom Seacole's contemporaries were familiar.

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5미디어 환경 변화와 혐오 확산 : 혐오에 대응하기 위한 연결 윤리 구축에 대한 소고

저자 : 김수아 ( Kim Sooah )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 111-135 (25 pages)

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This article seeks to reveal that the existing legacy media and social media outlets are playing a role in disseminating hate speech, and to explore solutions to this issue. Currently, the media are indiscretely reproducing online community postings and employing them to get more views. The legacy media reduce blatant discriminations to merely controversial issues and the social media continues to circulate hate speech by way of algorithm arrangements. Likewise, users are contributing to the spread of hate discourse through the uses of memes, and through their participation in cyber bulling. There are more instances where negative emotions are shared on social media scenes, and users themselves are creating meme-like forms that allow for the easier sharing of hate and discrimination.
Throughout this type of processes, the anti-feminism sentiment emerges through the online space to make feminism a system of thought that must be rejected in Korean society. The media reportings convey hate sentiments produced sub-culturally in the online communities in their rawest forms, and thereby play a role in circulating antifeminist discourse in the public discourse sphere.
The legacy media's adherence to communal journalism, the social media's voluntary restraint on overcommercialization, and the improvement of media literacy of users are suggested as solutions.

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6코로나19 팬데믹과 아시아라는 스타일

저자 : 김정하 ( Kim Jungha )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 134-158 (25 pages)

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The anti-Asian racism that has manifested during the coronavirus pandemic recalls the long history of Asian racialization. It recalls the ways in which Asians have been imagined as a doubled figure to bear both racial otherness and historical transformation. The anti-Asian racism also hearkens back to the liminal space inhabited by the Asian body, a precarious position between human and inhuman. The Asian body exists as a sign, not an entity, on which a series of epidermal racial markers appear and onto which all the anxieties around the virus are projected in the displaced form of hate. As an anthropomorphized form for this pandemic's complex relation to human life, the Asiatic figure becomes a synecdoche for the unprecedented crisis in its retention of these old racial markers. Chang-rae Lee's On Such a Full Sea (2014) stages this blurred line in the category of race between discrimination (difference) and indiscrimination (identity) through the adventure of a “tiny” Asian girl, Fan. Analyzing the way in which Lee delves into Fan's unique animacy, this paper argues that On Such a Full Sea stylizes the figure of Asia in two ways. First, the writer coordinates, both in the text's form and content, the unique feature of Asian racialization in which the Asiatic figure is imagined as an emblem of crisis. Second, through Fan's movement and its impact upon other characters, Lee also renders the style as a mode of response to affective disturbances of the present and thereby shapes Fan as an embodiment of the crisis style.

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7일상화된 혐오와 생존의 페미니즘 : 지역 청년여성들의 페미니스트 되기

저자 : 김태영 ( Kim Taeyoung ) , 육주원 ( Yuk Joowon )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 157-190 (34 pages)

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Recently, Korean society has witnessed a surge of anti-feminist backlash, intensified in particular by mainstream politicians with selfish motives. The oft-cited term “gender conflict” was used as a decoy to instigate fear and anxiety among young Koreans (expecially men) and lure their votes. Against this backdrop, this paper reviews the popularization of feminism in South Korea and seeks to understand its limits and potentials. In doing so, this paper focuses on the experiences of young feminists residing in the Daegu-Kyungpook region. The new wave of digital feminist movements, crystallized in the act of “mirroring,” indicates the rise of new recalcitrant female subjects who defy the norms and ethics of previous feminist movements. However, despite their online aggressiveness, they fear widespread stigma and its concurrent violence, and feel isolated in a region notorious for its misogynist and conservative culture. This leads them to build a “feminist shelter” to seek consolation and empowerment among like-minded women. Lastly, this paper examines the problematic entanglement of feminism and neoliberal meritocracy.

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8초대받지 못한 손님과 복화술사들 : 탈북문학과 혐오담론

저자 : 서세림 ( Seo Serim )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 189-215 (27 pages)

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This paper explores the themes of North Korean defectors' novels published recently, and examines the discourse of hatred against defectors in the writings. At first North Korean defectors' literature deals with the “conditional” acceptance of North Korean defectors as our neighbors. North Korean defectors, despite their continuous migration into South Korea since the “The Arduous March” period in the mid-1990s, are still usually imagined as “kkotjebi in jangmadang” or poor children who are begging in the marketplace. This outdated popular image, keeping their neighbors indifferent or unwilling to get close to them, drives North Koreans away from the network of social relationships. Secondly, the writings point out the problem of a hierarchical view toward North Korean defectors. The widespread notion that North Korean defectors are taken care of with “our” tax develops readily into the idea that “we” are being harmed by them. The general response to defectors, which converts sympathy and compassion into indifference and exclusion, keeps them as legitimate strangers or guests who are invited by nobody. Lastly, the novels are concerned about the sufferings of the next generation. Children of North Korean female defectors and Chinese men, embarrassed with their identity in South Korea but exposed to an identity crisis and negative self-perceptions, do not receive any proper attention. By describing the reality of North Korean migrants and exemplifying the cases of solidarity and hatred in South Korea, North Korean defectors' literary writings require us to think together about what should be done against hatred.

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9디지털 시대의 비평이론 : 현재의 문제들과 사이버네틱스

저자 : 윤수진 ( Youn Sujin )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 215-244 (30 pages)

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This paper introduces recent studies in the humanities that investigate the critical valence of cybernetics in the contemporary world. Tracing the metamorphosis of cybernetics from a war-time computing technology to a dissimulated epistemological frame for the postwar Western world, I argue that cybernetics can provide an insightful theoretical lens onto critical issues associated with the digitization of the contemporary world. The paper first delineates the early history of cybernetics―its inception during the second world war, its basic technical and logical structures, and its evolution into a general theory of all systems―to demonstrate how cybernetics has offered the principal foundations for the technological rearrangement of the world in the second half of the twentieth century. Recent studies of cybernetics have focused on the fundamental influences that cybernetics has brought to the intellectual, cultural, and socio-political history of the Western societies since the 1950s. In addition to this critical reevaluation of cybernetics as a cultural logic and existential condition for the digitally reconfigured contemporary world, this paper also discusses how recent critical endeavors to reassess and explain the cultural conundrums of the contemporary world have drawn on cybernetics to enrich the theoretical conversation. Issues such as the seemingly autonomous workings of contemporary capital, the irony of subjects feeling freer and more contained at the same time, and the meaning of subject and existence in the digital age find new critical connotations in recent theoretical research via cybernetics, attesting to the possibility of cybernetics as a new critical model for the digital age.

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10비수도권 대학의 현실 : 비수도권 대학 위기의 원인과 해소방안

저자 : 배경진 ( Bae Kyungjin )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 244-270 (27 pages)

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This paper explores the current crisis of local universities, and demonstrates the urgency of taking corrective actions to halt the decline of the non-metropolitan areas. The decrease in the school-age population as well as the students' preference for the universities in the metropolitan area makes the ongoing crisis for local universities. In addition, a lack of decent jobs often leads undergraduates to the metropolitan area. Consequently, non-metropolitan areas, suffering from the continuous outflow of young people to the metropolitan area, are faced up with the serious possibility of extinction, and local universities, impossible to be separated from local communities, will not be exceptions. The Ministry of Education launched a new project to support universities, but it will not be as successful as is expected: it does not make a good solution for the students' preference for the universities in the metropolitan area, and it does not present a long-term plan to fund departments of high technology. The solutions for the crisis of local universities begin with the clear recognition of the interconnectivity between non-metropolitan areas and their universities. A comprehensive plan should be devised to support local universities and prompt their functional specialization in regions, and fundamental studies, which might be weakened by the restructuring of departments, should be protected by a newly established public agency. More importantly, this crisis, if understood as the effects of the natural demographic change, and thus left unattended, will end up with the catastrophic contrast between the extinction of the non-metropolitan areas and the overconcentration of metropolitan area, and thus more efforts should be exerted to alleviate and finally solve the ongoing crisis of local universities.

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