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영남중국어문학회> 중국어문학> 류츠신(劉慈欣)의 ≪삼체(三體)≫ 읽기 - ‘과학’과 ‘문학’의 상호관계 -

KCI등재

류츠신(劉慈欣)의 ≪삼체(三體)≫ 읽기 - ‘과학’과 ‘문학’의 상호관계 -

김미정
  • : 영남중국어문학회
  • : 중국어문학 89권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 04월
  • : 121-148(28pages)
중국어문학

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 들어가는 글
Ⅱ. 과학사유와 인문사유
Ⅲ. 중국적인 것과 초중국적인 것
Ⅳ. ≪삼체≫3부작, 어떻게 읽을까?
Ⅴ. 맺는 말

키워드 보기


초록 보기

≪The three body problem(三體)≫ is a world of science fiction where numerous reasoning and imagination unfold. The appearance of mysterious scientific ideas and numerous episodes of human history intertwining and bumping into each other can seem distracting, disorderly, and meaningless. However, the numerous anecdotes are clues, duplexes, and evidence of the interaction between humanity and the universe that create eternal cosmic epic. In the end, ≪The three body problem≫ is a story about the nature of mankind from a cosmic point of view, and vice versa, through a perspective on the nature of mankind, imagining the civilization of the universe and imagining its effect on the universe.
The universe of ≪The three body problem≫ is a wonderful world of fear. Of course, much of the fear can be seen as derived from the “sense of guilt” of humanity's “wrong” history, as Carl Sagan pointed out. In China's history and human history, Liu cixin saw the weaknesses of mankind and imagined a universal evolutionary style of space civilization called “dark forest”. Nevertheless, ≪The three body problem≫ says that without any guarantee, Exploration to Cosmos to pioneer our destiny, itself, is the original way the universe works.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 중어중문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1225-083x
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1980-2022
  • : 1829


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1趙令畤 <商調 蝶戀花>의 문학사적 의미

저자 : 朴泓俊

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 5-26 (22 pages)

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Zhao-ling-zhi's Shang-diao Die-lian-hua is a very special work. It is classified as the work of Gu-zi-ci, one of the connected lyrics of Song Dynasty, but its composition is different from that of general Gu-zi-ci. In other words, general works are connected only by songs, but Shangdiao Die-lian-hua inserts stories between songs. This composition connects the songs vertically to have a close relationship, and enhances the narrative function of the work. In addition, the work fully exerts the lyrical function of the song to control the tempo of the story, appropriately utilizes the character's voice, and presents popular and sensuous expressions. In addition, it also presented a new perspective from a critical perspective on the concept of love shown in the work from the perspective of the audience. Because of these characteristics, Shang-diao Die-lian-hua is sometimes called an island of literary history, it is of great significance in literary history in that it served as a milestone on the road from Song-ci to the play.

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2센다이 루쉰과 '기의종문(棄醫從文)' 재독

저자 : 이보경

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-49 (23 pages)

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This essay explores a new understanding of Lu Xun's stay in Sendai along with his famous event “Abandoning Medicine for Literature.” Lu Xun's “abandoning of medicine” began simultaneously with his study of medicine. This is because “deliberation” was the most important value for Lu Xun. The beginning for Lu Xun's abandoning of medicine prioritizes an importance of deliberation for human beings, which was even more important than his lifetime mission of recreating Chinese national character. The deletion of portrayal of absent-minded Chinese in “Mr. Fujino” is hereby significant. While Lu Xun's discovery of problematic Chinese is meaningful, the influence of Russo-Japanese War on Lu Xun should be noted as well. The Question Leak Incident, which took place before the Lanternslide Incident, also has the Russo-Japanese War as a background. Lu Xun's seek for literature should not be limited to the events that took place precisely in Sendai. The Japanese victory in the Russo-Japanese War heralded national liberation for the intellectuals of colonial citizens; at the same time, the resurrection of racial discourse came around such as in a form of Chinese inferiority. The Russo-Japanese War as well as the changes made to the global discourses may have been a critical background for prompting Lu Xun's seek for literature.

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3≪上博楚簡≫孔子語錄文中受事介詞的語義指向 - 以“爲”、“及”爲中心-

저자 : 袁曉鵬

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 51-68 (18 pages)

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In 15 pieces of The Bamboo Slips of Chu Collected in Shanghai Museum, except for 䊷衣 and 民之父母 that passed down to generations, are all non-handed down Warring States literature. The ways in which the function word used in the literature are far less abundant than in the handed-down ancient classics, and the frequency of its occurrence contrasts sharply with the findings of the handed-down ancient classics. Confucius respects propriety and values trust, and is deeply influenced by the rites of Zhou. He has also made contributions to running his school and giving lectures. The ideology of respecting and valuing propriety is expressed through language, and the function word can best reflect the language styles of the speaker. This article investigates the semantic meaning of the prepositions “爲(wei)” and “及(ji)” in the oracle bones and bronze inscriptions, and further analyzes the semantic meaning of the prepositions used in Confucius' discourse. It is found that Confucius' emphasis on “propriety” can be reflected in the use of the word “于(yu)”. The preposition “及” and “为” also introduce the objects involved in the action. The object introduced by the preposition “及” mainly contains the semantic direction of the alms and concessions from the superior to the subordinate; The usage of the preposition “爲” is relatively monotonous. It is mainly used to introduce the object for which the action is performed, and the semantic direction is to express the mere object for which the action is performed.

KCI등재

4慧琳 ≪一切經音義≫ 蟹攝의 음운 체계

저자 : 박성준

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 69-89 (21 pages)

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This article aims to reconstruct the phonological system of Huìlín's Yíqièjīngyīnyì's Xièshè[蟹攝]. Huìlín's Yíqièjīngyīnyì is a book of transitional period between Early Middle Chinese and Late Middle Chinese period. If you study the phonological system of this book, you can find that phonological changes between Early Middle Chinese and Late Middle Chinese period. Xièshè is selected as a research topic because Xièshè has a special rhyme that only have falling tone. Also Xièshè includes all of DivisionⅠ·Ⅱ·Ⅲ·Ⅳ.
We can find that Tàiyùn[泰韻] was merged with Hāi(Huī)yùn[咍(灰)韻], in Huìlín's Yíqièjīngyīnyì. It means that ending -i raises the main vowel -α to -Λ. Also we can find that Guàiyùn[夬韻] was merged with Jiāyùn[佳韻] and Jiēyùn[皆韻] in Huìlín's Yíqièjīngyīnyì. And it means that ending -i raises the main vowel -a to -ε.
Early Middle Chinse, there was no medial in DivisionⅣ. But in Huìlín's Yíqièjīngyīnyì, it can be seen that medial was formed in DivisionⅣ. Fǎnqiè analysis, we can deduce that DivisionⅣ's medial was similar with medial -j- that was medial of DivisionⅢ Chóngniǔ A, C1.

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5≪现代汉语词典≫词类标注问题指瑕

저자 : 贾宝书

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 91-111 (21 pages)

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There exist a lot of errors in part-of-speech tagging in Modern Chinese Dictionary, which has brought negative influence on language learning and researching. Different dictionaries can have different criteria in classifying words, but the criterion should be consistent in classification of words in the same dictionary. Special attention should be paid to the systematicness of part-of-speech tagging. The errors in Modern Chinese Dictionary lie in that the whole part-of-speech tagging is not so systematic that there exist many self-conflicting phenomena, which confuses dictionary users. The article summarizes and analyzes the self-conflicting examples of verbs, adverbs and adjectives in Modern Chinese Dictionary, pointing out the contradictions for further study. The article also makes comments on some apparent errors and gives correction to them.

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6중국어 이합사의 X什么Y와 XY什么 형식 고찰

저자 : 맹유 , 김영희 , 이미경

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-146 (34 pages)

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It was confirmed that some of the Separable words were not separated from each other, even though the form of a prepositional phrase was not taken when the object 什么 was present. Such a separable word has several characteristics as follows.
As for Syntax Features, first, 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么' are used both in questionnaires and in plaintext, especially in questionnaires. Second, it was often used with adverbs. Third, 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么' are mostly used at the end of the sentence, so various fishing articles appeared later. These articles appeared more after 'X什么Y' than after 'XY什么'. Fourth, the forms 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么' serve as predicates for the entire sentence, some of which serve as objects, and also as predicates within the object.
As for Discourse Features, first, 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么' are both related to the context before and after. Second, 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么' must have four conditions to show negative meaning, and in discourse, all four conditions must be met to show negative meaning. Third, '什么' in 'X什么Y' is mainly a focal component, and acts as an interpersonal meta-talk in which the speaker shows an attitude toward the listener. However, although 'XY什么' is also used in a negative sense, the degree of negation is not as strong as 'X什么Y'.
As for Pragmatic Features, First, both the 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么' formats could strengthen the subjectivity of the speaker. Among them, 'X什么Y' can reveal stronger subjectivity than 'XY什么'. Second, When 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么' are written in plaintext, 'X什么Y' can reveal richer emotions than 'XY什么'. Third, 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么' differ in strength when speaking according to utility such as questions, statements, and negative meanings. When expressing doubt, the strength lies in the '什么' of 'X什么Y' and 'XY什么', when expressing dissatisfaction or negative meaning, in the case of 'X什么Y', the strength is in 'X', and in the case of 'XY什么', the strength is in 'XY'. And when representing statements, neither 'X什么Y' nor 'XY什么' was noticeable.

KCI등재

7韩国留学生汉语动词重叠式使用情况的偏误分析

저자 : 闫俊 , 崔颖

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 147-164 (18 pages)

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This paper made an exhaustive examination of the use of verb overlapping forms among Korean students based on the bias corpus of verb reduplication made by Korean students in HSK dynamic composition. The theory of bias analysis, bilingual comparative analysis and interlanguage theory were also applied. Different from previous studies, before the corpus analysis, this paper first carried out a bilingual comparative analysis in order to find out the connection between Chinese and Korean verb reduplication. We classified the semantics of Chinese verb reduplication and marked the corresponding forms of Korean respectively. Finally, we proposed teaching strategies and suggestions according to the four categories of mis-addition, mis-drop, mis-representation and others with a view to provide some reference for the teachers who are engaged in the teaching and researching of Chinese international education.

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8중국어 학습동기가 수업참여도에 미치는 영향 분석 - 일반계 고등학생을 중심으로 -

저자 : 이지은 , 이은화 , 한예진

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 165-195 (31 pages)

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In this study, the correlation between Chinese language learning motivation and high school students' general characteristics was explored. Further, the impact of motivation on students' class participation was analyzed in order to understand the educational implications.
The survey tool developed by Nam Jung (1996), which was used to examine English language learning motivation, was reconstructed to fit the purpose of this study. The survey was conducted among 439 students taking Chinese as a second language at six high schools in Busan, South Korea.
The correlation between the four types of learning motivation and students' grade, gender, Chinese learning duration, and average time spent for studying Chinese off campus per week was examined. Simultaneously, the differences and changes in learning motivation that occurred according to the characteristics of students were identified. Furthermore, by analyzing the correlations between Chinese class participation and the four types of learning motivation from responses to the survey questions, the types of motivation that had a direct or indirect effect on Chinese language classes were determined. Additionally, the characteristics of students affected most by the motivation types were ascertained.
The research analysis indicated statistically significant correlations between the four types of learning motivation and students' characteristics. “Intrinsic motivation” showed significant correlations with students' grade, gender, and the average time spent studying Chinese off campus per week, and “social self-awareness motivation” showed significant correlations with grade, gender, and the duration of learning Chinese. “Instrumental motivation” had a significant correlation with the time spent learning Chinese, and “task-avoidance goal motivation” had a significant correlation with gender and time spent learning Chinese.
There were also significant correlations between class participation and all four types of motivation. Proportional correlations between class participation and “intrinsic motivation,” “social self-awareness motivation,” and “instrumental motivation” were noted, while an inversely proportional correlation occurred between class participation and “task-avoidance goal motivation.”
For the proportionally correlated motivations, stronger motivation accompanied higher levels of class participation. On the other hand, “task-avoidance goal motivation” weakened with higher levels of class participation. Learning motivations took various forms depending on students' characteristics, and several motivations coexisted for some students. Furthermore, the types of motivation were displayed differently according to students' learning stages. Ultimately, teachers can maximize the learning effect by arousing motivation in students that is appropriate for their characteristics and learning stage, such as gender and time spent learning Chinese.
Student motivation is a major factor that directly impacts class participation, which is closely linked to success or failure in class. In this respect, the analyses of students' learning motivation and the correlation with class participation are expected to offer important implications for secondary school Chinese language education classes. Based on the findings of this study, teachers may use varying motivation-arousing strategies according to the different characteristics of students in order to improve class participation and maximize the learning effects of their classes.

KCI등재

9한중 기계번역을 활용한 오류 수정 및 생산성 연구

저자 : 홍연옥

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 90권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 197-217 (21 pages)

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Efforts to use machine translation for foreign language learning are currently conducted by researchers and educators who study English. On the other hand, attempts to use machine translation have been conducted in the Chinese language education, but discussions on specific teaching methods are still in the rudimentary stage. Therefore, this study attempts to propose a teaching method that can use machine translation effectively in the field of Chinese teaching using an error correction teaching method with machine translation. The types of errors in Chinese translation that frequently appear in Korean learners, are considered, and the results are compared and analyzed by extracting their translation from neural machine translation. In addition, to modify the results output from machine translation and to use them as high-quality translation as a collaboration with advanced science technology and humans, the study attempts to post-edit each other's results, and to analyze the Chinese learning effect using machine translation.
As a result of the analysis, humans and machines are able to improve the results of translation and accumulate accurate learning data in the process of correcting each other's errors. The accumulated results will increase the ability of humans to speak a fluent language, and machine translation will consist of accurate function data essential in deep learning systems and will be used as re-learning data to increase translation accuracy.

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저자 : 김수희

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 5-28 (24 pages)

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This paper examines the traditional musical dance of the Tang Dynasty, 'Baizhu-Wu', and its lyrics. 'Baizhu-Wu' is 'Qingshang-Musical Dance', which is declining due to foreign musicals, but the song is still sung by the public. When some writers of the early Tang Dynasty write the lyrics, they reject the 'SishiBaizhu-song' of the Southern dynasties, and inherit the 'Zhongyuan Baizhu-song' in the Wei and Jin periods.
Therefore, Tang Dynasty's 'Baizhu-song' uses three lines of seven characters to a line in terms of form, and sometimes combines the 3ㆍ3ㆍ7 verse pattern. This is the aspect of early folk songs. In terms of content, it connects Wu Dynasty's famous beauty, Xishi with the fall of the Wu Dynasty and expresses a criticism of this. This is the aspect of the 'Baizhu-song' in Tang Dynasty, which is because it inherited the 'Zhongyuan Baizhu-song'. In this way, we can reveal the new aspect of lyrics literature through musical dance.

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2이백(李白) 산문 < 춘야연도리원서(春夜宴桃李園序)>의 평가와 '부생(浮生)'의 해석에 대한 고찰

저자 : 서용준

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 29-54 (26 pages)

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This thesis is a literary analysis of Li-Bai's prose “Feasting in the Peach-plum Garden in Spring Night”. In the process, this thesis pointed out that the existing interpretation misread this “Feasting in the Peachplum Garden in Spring Night”. “Feasting in the Peach-plum Garden in Spring Night” was a work in which poet Li-Bai's personal and literary sense of self clearly appeared and this literary poet was a person with extremely arrogant pride.
On the other hand, there is a point where real and literary poets disagree with each other in the “Feasting in the Peach-plum Garden in Spring Night”. His humility, which does not fit the content of the article, means the breakdown of the prose content. Focusing on this phenomenon, this thesis argued that “The Floating life” in “The floating life is like a dream, and how brief the enjoyment is?” which is the famous phrases of the article that already had a great reputation can be interpreted as a life that pursues and strives to the end, not just an inevitable passive life.

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저자 : 김하늬

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 55-96 (42 pages)

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This study focused on the Ci-poetry of Li Wen, one of “Yunjian Sanzi” that were active to create Ci-poetry those days, examined the meanings of his Ci-poetry as a deposit of sorrow, and tried to demonstrate that it already showed the developmental possibilities of Qing Ci-poetry. In other words, Li Wen personally witnessed the Ming-Qing transition and underwent complicated emotional changes, which were reflected on his Ci-poetry.
Li Wen could not resist the Qing Dynasty like Chen Zilong and held a government post in the new dynasty. Unlike Song Zhengyu who led a stable life as a government official, however, he kept having shame and conflict, which changed the thematic consciousness of his Ci-poetry. It shows the possibilities that Ci-poetry could serve as a means of literature to deposit the sorrow of intellectuals undergoing a huge historical event that was a change of dynasty beyond the literature for simple amusement.

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4저승 서사로 보는 사후 세계에 대한 상상 - ≪태평광기(太平廣記)ㆍ재생(再生)≫을 중심으로 -

저자 : 강종임

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 97-119 (23 pages)

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This study analyzes the narrative of the next world represented in Part “Rebirth” of Taiping Guangji by dividing it into spatial, emotional, and material imagination.
In the spatial aspect, the next world was perceived as a space that exists above the sky rather than underground. However, despite the spatial difference between this world and the next world, from the Chinese view of the next world was also depicted as similar to the real life in this world.
In the emotional aspect, the living and the dead must live in their respective worlds that are divided into this world and the next world by death, but it was found that the ancient Chinese tried to overcome the fear of death by believing that the two worlds are not permanently separated and imagining links that would connect them in several forms.
In the material aspect, it was considered that the concept of paper money and the use of it for funerals were based on the ancient Chinese's consideration for the dead in terms of a material tribute.
The narrative of the next world discussed in this study is an affirmation of life that continues in any form after death, and a representation of an active worldview that does not consider death as the end of everything. The love, regrets, sorrows, and desires depicted as experienced by the living and the dead in these stories are not new to us today.

KCI등재

5류츠신(劉慈欣)의 ≪삼체(三體)≫ 읽기 - '과학'과 '문학'의 상호관계 -

저자 : 김미정

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 121-148 (28 pages)

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≪The three body problem(三體)≫ is a world of science fiction where numerous reasoning and imagination unfold. The appearance of mysterious scientific ideas and numerous episodes of human history intertwining and bumping into each other can seem distracting, disorderly, and meaningless. However, the numerous anecdotes are clues, duplexes, and evidence of the interaction between humanity and the universe that create eternal cosmic epic. In the end, ≪The three body problem≫ is a story about the nature of mankind from a cosmic point of view, and vice versa, through a perspective on the nature of mankind, imagining the civilization of the universe and imagining its effect on the universe.
The universe of ≪The three body problem≫ is a wonderful world of fear. Of course, much of the fear can be seen as derived from the “sense of guilt” of humanity's “wrong” history, as Carl Sagan pointed out. In China's history and human history, Liu cixin saw the weaknesses of mankind and imagined a universal evolutionary style of space civilization called “dark forest”. Nevertheless, ≪The three body problem≫ says that without any guarantee, Exploration to Cosmos to pioneer our destiny, itself, is the original way the universe works.

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620세기 후기 중국 공상과학소설 속 비극성에 관한 고찰

저자 : 권혜진

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 149-178 (30 pages)

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Comparing Chinese science fiction in the 1980s and 1990s, it should be said that works in the 1980s were at a clear opposite point to the 1990s trend of work, which was exposed to the active trend of reform and opening up. This is because if Chinese science fiction empirically shows futility in the 1980s, socialist ideals, and Confucian traditional values disappear and pluralistic values begin to emerge in the 1990s. Therefore, the 1990s can be regarded as the starting point for announcing the new literary trend of Chinese science fiction. Nevertheless, since modern times, Chinese science fiction has not easily escaped the shadow of the perception that it is a means of enlightenment for the transfer of scientific knowledge. However, because the story of criticizing the country or system is still taboo amid the ever-increasing censorship and control of the Internet in China, and that many Chinese science fictions originate from the Internet, it is not enough to simply lead to a political position. In short, since the 1980s, Chinese science fiction has outlined various aspects amid the inevitable influence on public cultural factors. However, despite international interest in Chinese science fiction, related research in China is mainly focused on late Qing China works, and considering the works themselves, it is understood that Western academia has been actively conducting research. Then, if we have to overcome the difficulties faced by the Chinese science fiction community, which is in self-conflict today, and seek the development of Chinese science fiction, where should the discussion begin? The researcher believes that an integrated analysis should precede the interrelationship between Hong Kong and neighboring Taiwan, considering the nature of today's literature and China's special cultural and social background that crosses boundaries. This process can be a useful way to reflect on the literary location and meaning of Chinese science fiction and to grasp the limitations and significance revealed in Chinese science fiction. It has been pointed out as a regret that the works of Taiwanese and Hong Kong artists cannot be found in numerous Chinese science fiction books published on the Chinese continent so far, and the public comparative review of the three regional works appearing in different cultural backgrounds is of great significance in many aspects. First of all, this discussion aims to derive awareness of the ideological framework of nature and myths in these works and analyze how the artist tried to resolve the corresponding ecological relationship between humans and nature. This is no different from exploring the intrinsic way of thinking of the Chinese.

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7≪고금운회거요(古今韻會擧要)≫ 양성운(陽聲韻) 연구

저자 : 신용권

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 179-208 (30 pages)

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This paper aims to study the several problems in the Yangsheng rhyme of Juyao (full name Gujinyunhuijuyao (古今韻會擧要)). Juyao designed the Zimuyun(字母韻) system is an important material for demonstrating the phonetic change in the history of the commonly used Chinese language from Ancient Chinese to Modern Chinese. This paper focuses on studying the following problems: First, I will examine the availability of materials used in reconstructing the Yangsheng rhyme system of Juyao. Secondly, I will try to reconstruct the Yangsheng rhyme of Juyao on the basis of several materials. Finally, I will analyze the Zimuyun system of Juyao and discuss several problems concerning the Yangsheng rhyme. I will also study Chinese nasal final syllable change and the phonological system's basis of Juyao by comparing the differences between Juyao and Guangyun (廣韻), Zhongyuanyinyun (中原音韻), Contemporary Chinese dialects.

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8고대 중국어의 초점 유형 및 초점 표현 방식

저자 : 박향란

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 209-230 (22 pages)

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This thesis examines the types of focus and expression ways of ancient Chinese. The focus has complementary relationships with topic, presupposition, or ground, as an axis of consisting of an information structure, which is the part that the speaker emphasizes the most in the sentence.
Lambrecht(1994) classified 'focus structure' into predicate-focus structure, argument-focus structure, and sentence-focus structure. This study also classified the focus structure of ancient Chinese based on the structure, mentioned above. The predicate focus structure is located in the predicate where the focus is presented with new information. The argument focus structure is located on the noun phrase which is an argument, where the focus is emphasized regardless of the sentence final and the sentence initial. The entire sentence becomes new information and focus in the sentence-focus structure.
Ancient Chinese makes use of the syntactic means; focus marker, word order shift, and ellipsis, to express the focus. In the first place, focus markers, 之 and 是 are inserted to emphasize the object components with which are contrasted. Second, the focus of ancient Chinese is also influenced by the movement of the word order shift. For example, a predicate part is pre-modified in front of the subject, or the object is pre-modified in front of the predicate part. As well, the prepositional phrase are pre-modified or post-modified in front of the predicate or in the rear of predicate. Finally, in ancient Chinese, old information is often omitted to stand out new information with high information value.

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9중국어파 언어 피동문 소고

저자 : 박은석

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 231-262 (32 pages)

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This paper studies the characteristics of passive sentences of Sinitic languages. As the characteristic elements of the passive sentence, the passive implementation method, the predicate, the subject, the agent, and the passive semantic elements were analyzed. As a passive implementation method of Sinitic languages, there are word order, preposition, and patient particle. Most Sinitic languages use word order and preposition to express the meaning of passive, and there is one language that use word order and patient particle. Transitive verbs and dynamic verbs are generally used as predicates in passive sentences, showing the appearance of canonical passive predicates. The subject usually has the role of an patient, appears at the beginning of a sentence, and is a definite noun in passive sentences, showing the appearance of canonical passive subject. Agents are generally manifest, semantically 'agent', 'human' agents, and definite noun (or pronoun) in passive sentences, and all were downgraded from core argument to non-core argument. Therefore, in general, they show the appearance of canonical passive agent. Regarding the semantic characteristics of passive, passive sentences in Sinitic languages mainly expressed the adversative meaning.

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10현대 중국어 준접사 'X+味'의 인지적 분석

저자 : 이선희

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 89권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 263-286 (24 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the quasi-affix characteristics of '味' in 'X+味' in the modern Chinese language and to explore the process of forming derivatives from a cognitive linguistic viewpoint.
Before research questions were presented, this study showed that quasi-affixes have the same grammatical and functional characteristics as affixes, while affixes have lost their conceptual meaning through delexicals, but quasi-affixes can form various derivations based on abstract meanings.
It was found that 'X+味' has a high derivation power in the formation of new words when it comes to functions, in particular when combined with two-syllable noun roots. As for the structure, it is located in the last syllable of a word, causing a quasi-suffix derivation. From a semantic aspect, it is abstracted from the basic and derived meanings representing taste and smell to form and categorize the semantic qualities of atmosphere and feeling, showing the utilization of quasi-affixes.
This study found that such a process is closely related to our physical experience and recognition of taste, and, in particular, is the result of conceptual metaphor and metonymy.

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