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한국스페인어문학회> 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구)> 구글 번역기와 네이버 파파고 번역기의 스페인어-한국어 기사 번역 오류 유형 분석

KCI등재

구글 번역기와 네이버 파파고 번역기의 스페인어-한국어 기사 번역 오류 유형 분석

Analysis on Translation Errors of News Articles from Spanish to Korean of Google Translate and Naver Papago as Machine Translation

양성혜 ( Yang Sunghye )
  • : 한국스페인어문학회
  • : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 102권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 03월
  • : 67-89(23pages)
스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구)

DOI

10.21811/EH.102.67


목차

1. 서론
2. 스코포스 이론과 번역 기술
3. 구글 번역기와 네이버 파파고의 스페인어-한국어 기사 번역물의 거시적 오류
4. 구글 번역기와 네이버 파파고의 스페인어-한국어 기사 번역물에서의 미시적 오류
5. 결론 및 제언
참고문헌

키워드 보기


초록 보기

Machine translations(MT) such as Google Translate and Naver Papago are widely used in Korea as translation tools. Although both translators apply the data-based Neural based MT (NMT) method, the translation results are not yet satisfactory compared to skilled human translators. In this paper, the Spanish-Korean translation errors made by these machines translators were analyzed qualitatively based on the Skopos theory, which is a functionalist translation theory. Some macroscopic errors are observed in word recognition, punctuation, spacing, phrase, sentence recognition, and sentential ending style. Microscopic errors in lexical, syntactic, and pragmatic aspects were analyzed by applying eight oblique translation procedures. The only procedure applied well in both translators is transposition and the majority of oblique procedures such as modulation, adaptation, amplification, explicitation, omission, and compensation are not properly applied. We expect that this study will be used as basic data for reference when applying a machine translator in the educational field or when a developer wants to improve the performance of both translators.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 서반어문
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1738-2130
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1987-2022
  • : 1682


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104권0호(2022년 09월) 수록논문
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1소리 내어 읽기를 활용한 스페인어 강독 수업 사례 연구

저자 : 심영식 ( Sim Young-sik )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 9-33 (25 pages)

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In the course of this study, the parts lacking in previous studies related to reading aloud were supplemented so that a sufficient reading aloud experience could be achieved. First, texts that have already been understood were targeted so that learners' working memory could focus on reading aloud, and audio files were provided to listen to the accent and intonation of a native speaker. In order for learners to experience reading aloud, 12 recording assignments were submitted during one semester, and feedback sessions were held with the instructor every week to ensure that reading aloud was repeated enough to make sense. According to the results of the post-survey on the number of repetitions of reading and the required time after submitting the reading aloud assignment for one semester, it can be said that sufficient repetition of reading aloud has been learned, and the results of the reading aloud experience are generally positive. First of all, we were able to recognize the Spanish pronunciation characteristics of learners that we did not know before, and the characteristic answer to the question asking about the merits of the Spanish reading class using reading aloud was that they gained confidence in improving their overall Spanish skills. In the questionnaire on the recognition of reading aloud as a learning method and the effectiveness of reading aloud related to language functions such as speaking and listening, it can be said that the learning goals of improving overall language ability and speaking ability were achieved to some extent, and reading aloud was recognized as a useful self-directed learning method

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2표찰에 의한 이동과 인상 구문

저자 : 유은정 ( You Eunjung )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 35-57 (23 pages)

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This paper proposes a novel analysis of Spanish raising constructions in which the verb 'parecer' selects the infinitival clause and its subject raises to the matrix clause. According to the labeling algorithm proposed by Chomsky(2013, 2015), I argue that movement of the subject of the infinitival clause is due to determine the label for the syntactic object {DP, vP} in that DP and vP are non-heads and do not share a prominent feature. Furthermore, I analyze the raising constructions with postverbal subject in which the subject of the infinitival clause is not raised to the subject position of the matrix clause. I claim that the verbal phrase moves from the syntactic object {DP, vP} to prevent label failure. Based on the concept of external pair-merge of heads proposed by Epstein et al.(2016), it is argued that, in the course of the derivation, C and T in the infinitival clause and R and v* in the matrix clause undergo external pair-merge, respectively, and then the phasehood of C of the infinitival clause and that of v* of the matrix clause are cancelled.

KCI등재

3한국어-스페인어 기계 번역 성능 분석 연구 - 구글 번역기와 네이버 파파고를 중심으로

저자 : 황경진 ( Hwang Kyungjin )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 59-83 (25 pages)

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This article performs performance evaluation and error analysis of the Korean-Spanish translation service engine. Unlike previous studies, the research is conducted by diversifying the types of texts to be studied and dividing them into texts with and without official translations. The translation services for study are Google Translate and Naver Papago. The translation engine performance evaluation uses BLEU score, which is one of the types of automatic evaluation, and as a result, both translation services showed relatively low evaluation scores. Also, in the case of error analysis, it is divided into four types: words, grammar, sentences, and typos. As a result of the error evaluation, word-related errors were seen the most, and the word substitution phenomenon was particularly prominent. In the case of word errors, it is characteristic that grammatical errors have a great influence on the meaning transfer of the translation, whereas there are often cases where it does not have a great influence on the meaning transfer of the translation. This study is significant in that it suggested the future direction of the development of Korean-Spanish machine translation through the evaluation of the Korean-Spanish translation service.

KCI등재

4띠르소의 『따마르의 복수』와 비극의 문제 - 로뻬의 『복수 없는 처벌』과의 비교를 통하여 -

저자 : 윤용욱 ( Yoon Yongwook )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 87-111 (25 pages)

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Tirso de Molina's La venganza de Tamar, a 17th-century Spanish playwright, is based on the episodes of Amnon and Tamar in the Old Testament. And this play is a representative work that Tirso himself named a tragedy. Therefore, in this study, we will focus on whether this play can be classified as a tragedy. To this end, applying the concept of Aristotle's tragedy, the only view of tragedy at that time, to this play does not show a tragic appearance at all in the main character's tendency, absolute fate, and the main character's resistance to it, and Hamartia's perspective. Therefore, so far, it can be said that it is appropriate to interpret Tirso's drama only with the existing two methodologies of comic vision and Christian teaching.

KCI등재

5이야기의 수용자로서 알론소 키하노: 주체와 정체성 형성 과정에 대한 우화로서 『돈키호테』 읽기

저자 : 임호준 ( Yim Ho-joon )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-140 (28 pages)

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This article's basic premise is viewing the narrative of Don Quixote as a process of the reconfiguration regarding Alonso Quijano's identity. He is deemed an avid reader of Chivalric novels even after leaving home as he constantly conceives and describes the deeds of Chivalric heroes. This study intends to further elaborate on the meaning of Don Quixote's narrative structure by centering on identity formation, which is consisted of three different moments of mimesis, proposed by Paul Ricoeur. Among the three stages of mimesis described in the novel, it especially focuses on the third mimesis where the readers can actively participate in the process of reconfiguration of the characters' identity. Don Quixote's main protagonist, Alonso Quijano is an extraordinary reader who identifies with the Chivalric novels' heroes in a surprisingly easy and eager manner that he pursues to become a real Chivalric hero. This process displayed by Alonso Quijano can be supported by Jacques Lacan's Mirror Stage theory which contends that the Ego is the product of misunderstanding. Lacan proposes during the formation of an Ideal Ego, symbolic identification of other's desire and estimation. Ego Ideal, can impact the Ideal Ego. Thus, this explains Don Quixote's philanthropic acts in many of his adventures. In the reconfiguration of Don Quixote's identity as a reader of Chivalric novels, Alonso Quijano's quality, as "el bueno" in his village, is intermingled. Therefore, the narrative of Don Quixote is no more than a process of dialectic negotiation and reconfiguration of a reader such as Alonso Quijano.

KCI등재

6우나무노의 문학에서 불멸과 개인 동일성의 문제

저자 : 조민현 ( Cho Minhyun )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 141-159 (19 pages)

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The quest of immortality is one of the central themes running through Unamuno's works. The starting point of his thought in this regard is the conflict between the faith that pursues the immortality of existence and the reason that awakens human beings to the impossibility of it, as well as the 'tragic sense of life' that appears as a result. Based on this, Unamuno explores the way in which a being can become immortal in the midst of his life in literary works such as Mist and The Christ of Velázquez. However, at the end of his life, he reveals a negative view on the afterlife and immortality, as seen in Saint Manuel Bueno, Martyr, and seems to give up his intense longing for the survival as an individual after physical death. This study considers this change not as a result of Unamuno's end of his longing for immortality but as a shift in the way he pursues immortality and tries to understand it in relation to his modified perspective on 'personal identity'. Considering this aspect, we find that the immortality he seeks is transformed from an individual level based on personal identity to a collective level. In this way, the present study attempts to examine how the immortality pursued by Unamuno is related to the problem of personal identity.

KCI등재

7Luis Barahona de Soto y la Casa de Osuna: patronazgo literario en el siglo XVI

저자 : Francisco Gómez Martos

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 161-185 (25 pages)

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This article analyzes the relationship between the sixteenth-century poet Luis Barahona de Soto and the ducal House of Osuna. Literary scholars have largely ignored the biography of Barahona de Soto, which could be further explored by researching the historical context in which the poet lived and incorporating the most recently published historical evidence. In the last decades, the analysis of patronage relationships has shown to be a rich source of knowledge in literary studies. This paper aims to fill that void in Barahona studies by discussing the relationship between Barahona and the dukes of Osuna. This relationship is mentioned often by scholars but virtually has never been studied. The article argues that Barahona benefited considerably from that relationship and could live comfortably without struggling as much as other contemporary writers -e.g., Miguel de Cervantes- did. However, the support of the dukes of Osuna was not enough to help Barahona develop a more successful literary career and publish its extensive poetic work.

KCI등재

8가르시아 마르께스의 『예고된 죽음의 연대기』에 나타나는 어긋남의 미학

저자 : 남궁환 ( Namgoong Hwan )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 189-210 (22 pages)

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The 1982 Nobel Literature Prize winner, Gabriel García Márquez, wrote a number of literary reportage, emphasizing the link between literature and journalism based on his experience as a journalist. Among them, Chronicle of a Death Foretold is a novel that the author mentioned as one of his two most outstanding works. He completed the work by covering the actual honor killing case that occurred in Colombia long time ago. Contrary to the characteristics of literary reportage, the author's narrative strategy, such as the conversion of time and speakers, and the listing of conflicting testimonies, creates an atmosphere of ambiguity and unknownness by reducing objectivity and consistency. The work is unique not only in terms of form but also in terms of content. In the work, there are three forces: the power towards death, the power to prevent death, the power to preclude 'the power to prevent death'. The author focuses on showing the power to preclude 'the power to prevent death' rather than the truth, material facts, or event. It can be said that the author's aesthetic strategy in his work is acquiring literary value through the chronicle of deviation itself being the main character, and the conversion from dying into ending up dying.

KCI등재

9영화 <로마>: 멕시코 사회에 내재된 인종주의

저자 : 이경민 ( Lee Kyeong-min )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 213-233 (21 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the racism and social condition of the indigenous people represented in the film "Roma" (2018) by the Mexican director Alfonso Curarón. The director, through the character Cleo, an indigenous woman of lower social class, openly displays racial, social and sexual discrimination that exists in Mexican society. In addition, the film in which no character problematizes the living conditions of domestic workers shows that Mexicans naturally and (un)consciously internalized racial and sociocultural discrimination based on racial difference. In this way, the film, through Sofía's family as a miscocosm of Mexico, configures the character Cleo as a being included exclusively in Mexican society. In this sense, the movie would be the most controversial work that has opened the contentious debate about racism in Mexico, which has been denied throughout the Mexican history.

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발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 45-66 (22 pages)

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This study analyzes the difficulties experienced by undergraduate learners majoring in Spanish in advanced listening and their needs in listening classes, and proposes a teaching method that incorporates shadowing practice for improving listening skills. Shadowing began to be known as a basic practice for simultaneous interpretation, and has been widely introduced as a teaching method for improving listening skills and speaking fluency in foreign language education. Domestic research on shadowing has mostly focused on its use as a teaching method for improving listening skills of learners in EFL (English as a Foreign Language) or KFL (Korean as a Foreign Language) courses, excluding professional interpretation education. This study, however, examines whether the assumption that shadowing practice helps learners improve their ability for bottom-up information processing by developing repeated phonemic awareness of auditory input is also valid for advanced listening practice for undergraduate Spanish learners. For the purpose of the study, shadowing was incorporated in listening classes for Spanish majors who have completed Spanish language courses of intermediate or higher levels, and the learners were surveyed about difficulties experienced in listening and benefits of shadowing in learning achievement. Survey results demonstrated the necessity and validity of shadowing in Spanish learning for improving the ability for bottom-up information processing in areas that learners often find challenging, such as pronunciation, speed and intonation.

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This study aims to present a new method for predicting the difficulty levels of grammatical items, using a tree diagram that allows to visually identify which items are difficult to learn. In order to achieve this goal, first I reviewed various studies that focus on intralingual and interlingual interference to find out the conditions of interference. As a large part of the errors of foreign language learners come from the interference, the grammatical items that have a high possibility of causing it can be classified as difficult to learn.
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KCI등재

5한-스페인어 기계번역에 나타나는 제반 특징에 관한 연구

저자 : 임효상 ( Lim Hyosang )

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This paper aims to analyze the general characteristics of Korean-Spanish machine translation and vice versa. In spite of recent developments in artificial intelligence, there still are numerous errors in lexical and syntactic structure in machine translation. One of the most important reasons for these errors in machine translation is word-for-word translation without considering the linguistic differences of Korean and Spanish. For the purpose of our analysis, we focused on two grammatical categories, noun phrases and verbal phrases in the 100 cases. In the analysis of noun phrases, we investigated the problems on plurality and definiteness in Koean and Spanish. In our analysis of verb phrases in context, we find that the mood and tense cause some problems in machine translation.. We believe that this paper can contribute to a comparative analysis of human and machine translation in the near future. We insist that we must find some feedback system to improve the quality of machine translation through systematic and coherent research cooperation.

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6현대 스페인어 신조어 분석을 통한 혼성(cruce léxico) 방식 기제에 대한 재고

저자 : 최지영 ( Choi Jiyoung )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 145-164 (20 pages)

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If we look at the neologisms that are created today, we know that the neologisms have been created for the purpose of conveying meaning as a means of 'expression' within the grammatical system. Instead, the neologisms of today are not only to express but to enjoy and make jokes. Therefore, it is confirmed that it is formed as a secondary function that contains linguistic ability. As the trend of favoring inducing humor and reducing the number of syllables is spreading in youth culture, it is penetrating deeply,not only online,but also in everyday life. "Blending", a unique coined word that captures the characteristics of this social and cultural change, is also born through laughter and fun. In Spanish lexicology, hybrid(or blening) words created by lexical intersection are difficult to locate within the existing grammatical word system, as they are formed temporarily and have a very short lifespan. However, a hybrid language has its own set of rules and there is room for reconsideration, especially today, in the sense that words are not necessarily created by internal rules, but are created in a way that satisfies the expressive motive of the speaker. This article recognizes the hybrid method, which has always been considered marginal, heterogeneous and very unknown in Spanish as a newly coined word, and drives attention to the fact that it is a phenomenon that clearly reflects today's human cognitive attributes and modern culture. I would like to introduce a new perspective on this mechanism that has not been well studied.

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7레오폴도 마리아 파네로: 디스토피아의 시적 구현

저자 : 남영우 ( Nam Youngwoo )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 167-190 (24 pages)

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Leopoldo María Panero came to be known in 1970 for his inclusion in José María Castellet's anthology Nueve novísimos poetas españoles. In his first collection of poems, Así se fundó Carnaby Street, Panero built a universe full of cultural references deriving from both pop culture and high culture. Additionally, in those poems, it is possible to find certain tender and naïve sensibility typical of childhood which the author seems to long for. However, from his second collection of poems, Panero's poetry comes to reveal a discouraging and bleak vision of the world. The world is portrayed as a deserted cruel ghostly place in which the poet feels like an abandoned child. His verses are filled with all sorts of actions which go against accepted morals and customs such as homosexuality, violence, incest, etc. On the other hand, his poems are sprinkled with words considered clearly inappropriate for lyrical poetry such as “pedo”, “mierda”, “excremento”, “culo”, “ano”, “falo”, “vagina”, “cagar”, “masturbarse”, “cópula”, “necrofilia”, “semen”, etc. His father, Leopoldo Panero, who was defined by Dámaso Alonso as a “poeta arraigado”, was the official poet laureate of the Francoism, as he came to support the National-Catholic ideology of the Francoist regime portraying it in his works as a guarantor of harmony and peace. Leopoldo María Panero's poetry constitutes a sharp contrast with the utopic worldview of his father, as what we find there is a discouraging dystopia. Undoubtedly, this change was possible due to the sociopolitical shift which Spain went through in the latter half of the 20th century.

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8성경과 나르시스 신화의 조화 - 티르소의 희곡, 『타마르의 복수』를 중심으로

저자 : 서주희 ( Suh Juhyee )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 191-210 (20 pages)

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This article presents the harmony of the Bible and Greek Mythology in Tirso de Molina's play, La venganza de Tamar. Through the confluence of the historical events of Amnon and Tamar in the Old Testament and the Myth of Narcissus in Greek Mythology, Tirso creates La venganza de Tamar, a 'psychological' play, which was rare in the Golden-Age plays.
This study proves that Tirso instills a narcissistic personality and psychology into the biblical characters, allowing readers or spectators to empathize with the character's actions, allowing them to go down into the depths of historical events rather than staying on the superficial surface. Together, Tirso cites excessive pursuit of desire as the cause of the Davidic dynasty's crisis and conveys this message to Spanish society at the time in an aesthetic way.

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In Lope de Vega's two plays, El rey don Pedro en Madrid and El Villano en su rincón, conflicts over the chastity and honor of the common people are unfolding, which are commonly resolved through the dual structure and the appearance of king in these two plays. In El rey don Pedro en Madrid, the dual structure provides logical validity for King Don Pedro to act as a just judge, and in El Villano en su rincón, the dual structure contributes to establishing two different forms of conflict. These two plays collectively represent the core themes of raising the status of the common people and restoring the honor of the common people. Through this, these two plays will be recognized as examples of plays dealing with the chastity and honor of the common people in the history of Spanish theater in the 17th century.

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10스페인 중세 시 『죽음의 무도』에 드러난 사회 비판 연구

저자 : 장재원 ( Chang Jae Won )

발행기관 : 한국스페인어문학회 간행물 : 스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구) 102권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 241-270 (30 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the change in social consciousness after the outbreak of the Black Death, which was revealed in the late medieval Spanish poem Danza General de la muerte, and to reflect on its significance. As is well known, the Black Death Pandemic sacrificed nearly a third of Europe's population between 1347 and 1351, and was taken a significant opportunity to accelerate the transition from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Danza de la muerte as new motif in literature and art that emerged in many European countries after the Black Death, contains sharp social criticism as well as views on life and death changed after the Black Death. In particular, the consciousness of equality of all people in the face of death and the strict judgment of the vested classes who have corrupted or forgotten their duties is remarkable. In that sense, Danza general de la Muerte served as a new milestone in the satirical literature that criticized the hierarchical order and privileged groups of medieval society, and had a great influence on Renaissance and Baroque literature thereafter. Since the Black Death is a representative example of how pandemic played a decisive role in changing the direction of history and the appearance of the times, it is expected to be a reference point when considering the change of direction in the post-COVID-19 era in the future.

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