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한국비교정부학회> 한국비교정부학보> 기업가적 역량과 기업가적 태도가 창업의도에 미치는 영향과 매개효과

KCI등재

기업가적 역량과 기업가적 태도가 창업의도에 미치는 영향과 매개효과

The influence and mediating effect of entrepreneurial competency and entrepreneurial attitude on entrepreneurial intention

이윤석 ( Yun-sock Lee ) , 이철규 ( Cheol-gyu Lee )
  • : 한국비교정부학회
  • : 한국비교정부학보 26권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 03월
  • : 137-162(26pages)
한국비교정부학보

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서 론
Ⅱ. 이론적 배경
Ⅲ. 연구설계 및 방법론
Ⅳ. 구조방정식 설계 및 설문 결과
Ⅴ. 정책적 함의
Ⅵ. 결론
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기

(Purpose) Among the research on university entrepreneurship, the fields that have been actively researched are about entrepreneurial competency and startup intention. Relatively, there are not many studies on the entrepreneurial attitude that is important for the spread of a positive perception of start-up and entrepreneurial culture. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation among entrepreneurial competency, entrepreneurial attitude, and entrepreneurial intention, and to suggest a direction to increase the entrepreneurial intention of university students.
(Design/Method/Approach) In this study, the relation among entrepreneurial competency, entrepreneurial attitude, and entrepreneurial intention was derived by conducting a survey on the students who participated in across the country selected in the nationwide start-up competition.
(Research Results) Entrepreneurial competency was found to have an effect on entrepreneurship but not on entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial attitude was found to have a positive effect on entrepreneurial intention, and it was found to have a mediating effect on the relationship between entrepreneurial competency and entrepreneurial intention.
(Implications or originality of the study) The results of this study have the following implications. First, universities and institutions related to entrepreneurship provide various educational programs to enhance entrepreneurial competence of university students, but these efforts may not be proportional to increasing their entrepreneurial intention. Second, it suggests that universities and governments should prepare programs to cultivate entrepreneurial attitudes as well as entrepreneurial competency.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 행정학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-964X
  • : 2713-5357
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1999-2022
  • : 785


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KCI등재

1교육분야에서의 적극적 시정조치 정책의 쟁점 분석

저자 : 장지현 ( Ji-hyun Jang )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-18 (18 pages)

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(Purpose) The aim of this study is to analyze the core topics of academic papers relating to affirmative action in education published in Korea, to identify major issues underlying affirmative action programs being applied at central and local level, and to put forward the future directions by which central and local governments can effectively support the socially disadvantaged students so that they can maximize their potentials in the society.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study employs text-mining analysis method, which is widely used in the field of social sciences today. In particular, this study utilizes cloud analysis method, ego-network analysis method, and PFnet analysis.
(Findings) On the basis of the analysis results, the study aims to derive the implications for the direction of future affirmative action policy in education from a Korean perspective. From the analysis, five topics were derived, which furnish the main policy issues relating to affirmative action in education. They are: special screening; court judgments on affirmative action; development of subjects for educational services as a goal; people-centred policy; and the quota system as a means. It implies that these five topics need to be taken into consideration in making policies regarding the affirmative action programs in the field of education in Korea, especially at junior and high school level.
(Research implications or Originality) It is desirable to achieve the educational policy goals through the quota system. However, if the quota system is given too much weight, this may lead to the retreat of meritocracy in society and the collapse of the competitive system in the free market economy. It is expected that in the future, at least in the field of education, even if special screening is applied in selecting students this will not become a legal problem and will be accepted by the public.

KCI등재

2대형도시들은 인구 규모의 크기로 얻는 이점이 있는가? : 한국 대도시 대상 교부세를 바탕으로 한 실증연구

저자 : 김성찬 ( Sungchan Kim ) , 박소영 ( Soyoung Park )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 19-40 (22 pages)

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(Purpose) The amount of the general shared tax can be determined primarily through standard financial demand, and a formula exists to calculate the amount. The majority of these factors are strongly related to population size, either directly or indirectly. Therefore, standard financial demand is likely affected by population size as well. However, large cities as subnational governments are also facing balanced regional development issues. Thus, this study explores how the population factor affects the amount of the general shared tax, as well as how large cities benefit from their population size.
(Design/methodology/approach) For the analysis, we employ a panel data set comprised of 83 cities in South Korea from 2010 to 2018.
(Findings) The results show that population size is negatively related to the amount of the general shared tax due to the economies of scale. However, large cities are free from the economies of scale while population can reduce the volatility of the tax amount in large cities. In addition, large cities are motivated if their population is increased.
(Research implications or Originality) We conclude that large cities in South Korea do not benefit from their size. In order to increase population, additional supports and incentives are necessary, especially in large cities even though they have gotten more incentives since 2022, because they have greater economies of scale than other cities, while a balanced development policy must offer more help to small and isolated cities.

KCI등재

3조직문화와 공공봉사동기 : 혁신문화의 매개효과

저자 : 허성욱 ( Seung-uk Hur )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 41-64 (24 pages)

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(Purpose) Public organization/management studies has emphasized the role of organizational culture in terms of organizational innovation and effectiveness. In addition, many studies have been interested the role of public service motivation. However, little studies have not been focused on the relationship between organizational culture and public service motivation(PSM) and mediating role of adhocracy culture in the relationship. This study tries to find the way how to reduce the side effects of market-type reform and how to increase public employee attitudes(public service motivation) by exploring the the relationship and the mediating effect.
(Design/mehodology/approach) Using survey data from executive agency (46 agencies) in Korea, this article examines the relationship between four types of culture (clan, adhocracy, market, and hierarchy) and public service motivation (PSM). In particular, the mediating effect of adhocracy is explored based on positive organizational behavior. In this study, the role of organizational culture is explored by applying competing values framework.
(Findings) The results of direct and indirect effects present that adhocracy culture fully mediates the impacts of market culture on PSM, whereas it partially mediates the impact of clan and hierarchy culture on PSM. The results also demonstrate that clan and adhocracy culture can improve PSM.
(Research implications or Originality) This study contributes to elaborating the relationship between organizational culture and PSM by employing four types of culture from the CVF and considering the possible mediating role of adhocracy culture. The results suggest that scholars and practitioners need to focus on the role of clan and adhocracy culture to eliminate negative effects of NPM reforms and to improve PSM.. Especially, it is important for them to consider about how to cultivate and manage adhocracy culture importantly, when they make policies or practices for the development of employees' moral and attitudes.

KCI등재

4지역도시의 지속가능한 발전과 아이덴티티의 역할: 2002 삼척국제동굴엑스포의 재해석을 중심으로

저자 : 손진아 ( Jin-a Son )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 65-80 (16 pages)

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(Purpose) Sustainable development has been defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The purpose of this study is to verify through real cases what strategies are applied and utilized for sustainable development in the crisis situations that local cities are facing such as population decline, aging, and urban extinction etc.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study was conducted based on a qualitative methodology. And this study empirically analyzed the case of 2002 Samcheok International Cave Expo in order to reinterpret how the mega-event held in a small town in Samcheok in 2002, 20 years ago, had an effect on the sustainable development of the local city.
(Findings) For the sustainable development of a local city, a development strategy must be derived based on the unique identity of the region, and the active support and participation of local residents is of utmost importance. Sustainable development of a local city is only possible through an integrated management system involving global, national and regional concerns and efforts, not simply through the role of specific social units. Lastly, future sustainable development a local city must be made on the basis of a future-oriented society, and it is desirable to develop and implement continuous programs that can promote the joint participation of local communities.
(Research implications or Originality) This Findings imply that regional identity-based development strategies can be the key to the sustainable development of local cities in the current crisis situations such as population decline and urban extinction.

KCI등재

5국제연구협력 논문 데이터 분석을 통한 국제연구협력 동향 분석

저자 : 노영희 ( Younghee Noh ) , 신영지 ( Youngji Shin )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 81-96 (16 pages)

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(Purpose) In this study, research papers related to the topic of international research cooperation were constructed and analyzed as a whole to identify their characteristics and trends.
(Design/methodology/approach) A papers information source related to international research cooperation was established, and keyword analysis was performed through current status analysis and text mining based on the established database.
(Findings) As a result, first, research related to international research cooperation is mainly conducted abroad, and it was found that many studies were conducted in the 2010s (2011-2020) both at home and abroad. Second, in Korea, it seems that a large number of studies related to international research cooperation have been conducted in most social science journals, and in foreign countries, it can be seen that international research cooperation research is mainly conducted in the scientific field. Third, as a result of analyzing the target countries for international research cooperation based on the papers published in Korea, it was found that a large number of studies targeting countries such as China, Japan, North Korea, and the United States were conducted. With the advent of the era of globalization and the recent 4th industrial revolution, international research cooperation that conducts international joint research will increase rapidly.
(Research implications or Originality) In the future, it is necessary to analyze research trends by segmentation by field, and furthermore, it is necessary to analyze trends in international research cooperation according to the times.

KCI등재

6공공기관의 국제협력 네트워크 구축에 관한 연구: 캐나다 해외취업지원사업을 중심으로

저자 : 이광원 ( Kwang-won Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 97-120 (24 pages)

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(Purpose) This study aims to find ways in establishing and utilizing a cooperative network between the HRDK, domestic and foreign institutions operating in Canada to revitalize overseas employment in Canada, and further advance overseas employment using local overseas organizations.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study intended to analyze, the operation status of each institution and overseas employment projects to establish a cooperative network with the HRDK, local domestic and foreign public and private institutions to revitalize the overseas expansion of Korean youth in Vancouver, Canada. For the analysis of this study, from November 10, 2021 to December 3, 2022, as public institutions: HRDK, Embassy of Canada to Korea, KOTRA Vancouver, Vancouver Korean and local Businesses, OKTA, Korea Small Business Trade of Vancouver, and Korean Workers in Canada were interviewed.
(Findings) Overseas employment activities in Vancouver, Canada are led by the KOTRA Vancourver, HRDK, and World Korean Trade Association (OKTA). For overseas employment in Vancouver, Canada, Vancouver K-Move Center, and the World Korean Trade Association (OKTA) are leading overseas employment projects. In addition, Emigration Corp, Korean Small Business Trade of Vancouver, Korean and local businesses, Canadian local agencies and training institutes, and OKTA Vancouver branch support overseas employment agencies to form cooperative relationships.
(Research implications or Originality) As a result of this study, it is necessary to systematize efficient overseas employment support projects by establishing a cooperative network system with the HRDK and overseas employment institutions. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the recruitment information collection, life counseling, and job placement system for unemployed people through flexible cooperation with the Korean Association in Canada. In particular, it is necessary to form an alumni association for overseas employees in Canada to activate mentor programs and establish a database of employed people. Finally, if a job seeker succeeds in finding a job in Canada but returns to Korea due to visa expiration, a support system should be established to help in securing a job successfully in Korea.

KCI등재

7중국농촌마을의 지역사회소속감 형성에 관한 연구: 위안가마을을 중심으로

저자 : Jiane-feng Li , 황태규 ( Tae-kyu Hwang ) , 강순화 ( Soon-hwa Kang )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 121-136 (16 pages)

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(Purpose) The purpose of this study is to analyze the process of forming a sense of belonging to the local community of rural tourist destinations and the factors influencing the sense of belonging of residents, and to investigate the process of forming a sense of belonging of belonging of rural tourism village residents.
(Design/methodology/approach) The subject of this study was conducted through an interpersonal interview survey method for Yuanjia Village, the most representative example of rural tourism in China. The surveyors conducted a survey after receiving preliminary survey method training, and a total of 482 copies were analyzed as valid samples.
(Findings) According to the empirical analysis, support, fairness, social networking, resident participation, and membership all had important influences on the sense of community belonging, and among them, shareholder qualifications, regional participation, and distribution definition were high.
(Research implications or Originality) This study is meaningful in identifying the factors that form a sense of community belonging of the residents of Yuanjia Village through case analysis and providing abundant information to the development of other rural tourist attractions.

KCI등재

8기업가적 역량과 기업가적 태도가 창업의도에 미치는 영향과 매개효과

저자 : 이윤석 ( Yun-sock Lee ) , 이철규 ( Cheol-gyu Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 137-162 (26 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

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(Purpose) Among the research on university entrepreneurship, the fields that have been actively researched are about entrepreneurial competency and startup intention. Relatively, there are not many studies on the entrepreneurial attitude that is important for the spread of a positive perception of start-up and entrepreneurial culture. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation among entrepreneurial competency, entrepreneurial attitude, and entrepreneurial intention, and to suggest a direction to increase the entrepreneurial intention of university students.
(Design/Method/Approach) In this study, the relation among entrepreneurial competency, entrepreneurial attitude, and entrepreneurial intention was derived by conducting a survey on the students who participated in across the country selected in the nationwide start-up competition.
(Research Results) Entrepreneurial competency was found to have an effect on entrepreneurship but not on entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial attitude was found to have a positive effect on entrepreneurial intention, and it was found to have a mediating effect on the relationship between entrepreneurial competency and entrepreneurial intention.
(Implications or originality of the study) The results of this study have the following implications. First, universities and institutions related to entrepreneurship provide various educational programs to enhance entrepreneurial competence of university students, but these efforts may not be proportional to increasing their entrepreneurial intention. Second, it suggests that universities and governments should prepare programs to cultivate entrepreneurial attitudes as well as entrepreneurial competency.

KCI등재

9초·중등-대학 간 창업교육 연계모델 개발 연구

저자 : 노성여 ( Seong-yeo Noh ) , 김준오 ( Joon-oh Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 163-206 (44 pages)

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(Purpose) The importance of revitalizing entrepreneurship and start-ups is highlighted worldwide due to the rapidly changing development of science and technology and the chronic phenomenon of job shortages, and the need for education and training is emphasized. Laws, institutions, and infrastructure support related to start-up education and entrepreneurship cultivation for adolescents are still very poor, and entrepreneurship education must be conducted before some economic education is underway. The purpose of this study was to present a model for linking elementary, middle and university start-up education as an alternative to revitalizing start-ups as a way to overcome low growth and youth unemployment.
(Design/methodology/approach) It was analyzed by analyzing the current status and ecosystem of domestic and foreign start-up education, comparing domestic and foreign start-up education and deriving implications, deriving stakeholders and components through FGI for experts, and deriving priority strategies for linking start-up education.
(Findings) As a way to link elementary and secondary-university start-up education, the elementary and secondary-university start-up education linkage model and start-up curriculum linkage. The establishment curriculum infrastructure linkage and governance establishment plan between the constituents of the start-up linkage were presented.
(Research implications or Originality) Rather than theoretical classes learned in the classroom, the educational method of visiting, experiencing, and feeling the field of interest is more effective, and universities have experience, curriculum, and human resources related to start-up education, leading the creation of a local start-up ecosystem. If elementary and secondary schools, which lack human resources, capabilities, and infrastructure to conduct high-quality start-up education, conduct education in connection with start-up-focused universities, they can lead to the growth of the community as well as effective education.

KCI등재

10경기도 노인1인가구의 고독감이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 연구

저자 : 이지희 ( Jihee Lee ) , 이은희 ( Eunhee Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 207-228 (22 pages)

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(Purpose) This study was conducted to acquire base data to establish political and practical directions to improve the quality of life of elderly single-person households in the current prolonged COVID-19 epidemic, which increases the danger of social isolation among elderly single-person households.
(Design/methodology/approach) Reliability test, descriptive statistics, and correlation analysis were performed using the retrieved data. Path coefficients based on structural equations were presented for research hypothesis testing using AMOS 25.0 to learn the effects of social capital and social support in relation to the influence of the independent variable (feeling of loneliness) on the dependent variable (quality of life).
(Findings) The multiple additive moderation model was used to test whether social capital and social support have a moderating effect regarding how loneliness influences the quality of life. The result showed that the social capital had a moderating effect on the feeling of loneliness, affecting the quality of life of the elderly single-person household. Meanwhile, its explanatory power was high at 47%.
(Research implications or Originality) The result has shown that social capital can mitigate the negative effect of loneliness on the quality of life. As social capital is built with trust, standards, networks, and participation, it is implied that there is a need to focus on these aspects while making practical efforts to reduce the feeling of loneliness and improve the quality of life in elderly single-person households.

12
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KCI등재

1교육분야에서의 적극적 시정조치 정책의 쟁점 분석

저자 : 장지현 ( Ji-hyun Jang )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-18 (18 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

(Purpose) The aim of this study is to analyze the core topics of academic papers relating to affirmative action in education published in Korea, to identify major issues underlying affirmative action programs being applied at central and local level, and to put forward the future directions by which central and local governments can effectively support the socially disadvantaged students so that they can maximize their potentials in the society.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study employs text-mining analysis method, which is widely used in the field of social sciences today. In particular, this study utilizes cloud analysis method, ego-network analysis method, and PFnet analysis.
(Findings) On the basis of the analysis results, the study aims to derive the implications for the direction of future affirmative action policy in education from a Korean perspective. From the analysis, five topics were derived, which furnish the main policy issues relating to affirmative action in education. They are: special screening; court judgments on affirmative action; development of subjects for educational services as a goal; people-centred policy; and the quota system as a means. It implies that these five topics need to be taken into consideration in making policies regarding the affirmative action programs in the field of education in Korea, especially at junior and high school level.
(Research implications or Originality) It is desirable to achieve the educational policy goals through the quota system. However, if the quota system is given too much weight, this may lead to the retreat of meritocracy in society and the collapse of the competitive system in the free market economy. It is expected that in the future, at least in the field of education, even if special screening is applied in selecting students this will not become a legal problem and will be accepted by the public.

KCI등재

2대형도시들은 인구 규모의 크기로 얻는 이점이 있는가? : 한국 대도시 대상 교부세를 바탕으로 한 실증연구

저자 : 김성찬 ( Sungchan Kim ) , 박소영 ( Soyoung Park )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 19-40 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

(Purpose) The amount of the general shared tax can be determined primarily through standard financial demand, and a formula exists to calculate the amount. The majority of these factors are strongly related to population size, either directly or indirectly. Therefore, standard financial demand is likely affected by population size as well. However, large cities as subnational governments are also facing balanced regional development issues. Thus, this study explores how the population factor affects the amount of the general shared tax, as well as how large cities benefit from their population size.
(Design/methodology/approach) For the analysis, we employ a panel data set comprised of 83 cities in South Korea from 2010 to 2018.
(Findings) The results show that population size is negatively related to the amount of the general shared tax due to the economies of scale. However, large cities are free from the economies of scale while population can reduce the volatility of the tax amount in large cities. In addition, large cities are motivated if their population is increased.
(Research implications or Originality) We conclude that large cities in South Korea do not benefit from their size. In order to increase population, additional supports and incentives are necessary, especially in large cities even though they have gotten more incentives since 2022, because they have greater economies of scale than other cities, while a balanced development policy must offer more help to small and isolated cities.

KCI등재

3조직문화와 공공봉사동기 : 혁신문화의 매개효과

저자 : 허성욱 ( Seung-uk Hur )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 41-64 (24 pages)

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(Purpose) Public organization/management studies has emphasized the role of organizational culture in terms of organizational innovation and effectiveness. In addition, many studies have been interested the role of public service motivation. However, little studies have not been focused on the relationship between organizational culture and public service motivation(PSM) and mediating role of adhocracy culture in the relationship. This study tries to find the way how to reduce the side effects of market-type reform and how to increase public employee attitudes(public service motivation) by exploring the the relationship and the mediating effect.
(Design/mehodology/approach) Using survey data from executive agency (46 agencies) in Korea, this article examines the relationship between four types of culture (clan, adhocracy, market, and hierarchy) and public service motivation (PSM). In particular, the mediating effect of adhocracy is explored based on positive organizational behavior. In this study, the role of organizational culture is explored by applying competing values framework.
(Findings) The results of direct and indirect effects present that adhocracy culture fully mediates the impacts of market culture on PSM, whereas it partially mediates the impact of clan and hierarchy culture on PSM. The results also demonstrate that clan and adhocracy culture can improve PSM.
(Research implications or Originality) This study contributes to elaborating the relationship between organizational culture and PSM by employing four types of culture from the CVF and considering the possible mediating role of adhocracy culture. The results suggest that scholars and practitioners need to focus on the role of clan and adhocracy culture to eliminate negative effects of NPM reforms and to improve PSM.. Especially, it is important for them to consider about how to cultivate and manage adhocracy culture importantly, when they make policies or practices for the development of employees' moral and attitudes.

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4지역도시의 지속가능한 발전과 아이덴티티의 역할: 2002 삼척국제동굴엑스포의 재해석을 중심으로

저자 : 손진아 ( Jin-a Son )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 65-80 (16 pages)

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(Purpose) Sustainable development has been defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The purpose of this study is to verify through real cases what strategies are applied and utilized for sustainable development in the crisis situations that local cities are facing such as population decline, aging, and urban extinction etc.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study was conducted based on a qualitative methodology. And this study empirically analyzed the case of 2002 Samcheok International Cave Expo in order to reinterpret how the mega-event held in a small town in Samcheok in 2002, 20 years ago, had an effect on the sustainable development of the local city.
(Findings) For the sustainable development of a local city, a development strategy must be derived based on the unique identity of the region, and the active support and participation of local residents is of utmost importance. Sustainable development of a local city is only possible through an integrated management system involving global, national and regional concerns and efforts, not simply through the role of specific social units. Lastly, future sustainable development a local city must be made on the basis of a future-oriented society, and it is desirable to develop and implement continuous programs that can promote the joint participation of local communities.
(Research implications or Originality) This Findings imply that regional identity-based development strategies can be the key to the sustainable development of local cities in the current crisis situations such as population decline and urban extinction.

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5국제연구협력 논문 데이터 분석을 통한 국제연구협력 동향 분석

저자 : 노영희 ( Younghee Noh ) , 신영지 ( Youngji Shin )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 81-96 (16 pages)

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(Purpose) In this study, research papers related to the topic of international research cooperation were constructed and analyzed as a whole to identify their characteristics and trends.
(Design/methodology/approach) A papers information source related to international research cooperation was established, and keyword analysis was performed through current status analysis and text mining based on the established database.
(Findings) As a result, first, research related to international research cooperation is mainly conducted abroad, and it was found that many studies were conducted in the 2010s (2011-2020) both at home and abroad. Second, in Korea, it seems that a large number of studies related to international research cooperation have been conducted in most social science journals, and in foreign countries, it can be seen that international research cooperation research is mainly conducted in the scientific field. Third, as a result of analyzing the target countries for international research cooperation based on the papers published in Korea, it was found that a large number of studies targeting countries such as China, Japan, North Korea, and the United States were conducted. With the advent of the era of globalization and the recent 4th industrial revolution, international research cooperation that conducts international joint research will increase rapidly.
(Research implications or Originality) In the future, it is necessary to analyze research trends by segmentation by field, and furthermore, it is necessary to analyze trends in international research cooperation according to the times.

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6공공기관의 국제협력 네트워크 구축에 관한 연구: 캐나다 해외취업지원사업을 중심으로

저자 : 이광원 ( Kwang-won Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 97-120 (24 pages)

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(Purpose) This study aims to find ways in establishing and utilizing a cooperative network between the HRDK, domestic and foreign institutions operating in Canada to revitalize overseas employment in Canada, and further advance overseas employment using local overseas organizations.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study intended to analyze, the operation status of each institution and overseas employment projects to establish a cooperative network with the HRDK, local domestic and foreign public and private institutions to revitalize the overseas expansion of Korean youth in Vancouver, Canada. For the analysis of this study, from November 10, 2021 to December 3, 2022, as public institutions: HRDK, Embassy of Canada to Korea, KOTRA Vancouver, Vancouver Korean and local Businesses, OKTA, Korea Small Business Trade of Vancouver, and Korean Workers in Canada were interviewed.
(Findings) Overseas employment activities in Vancouver, Canada are led by the KOTRA Vancourver, HRDK, and World Korean Trade Association (OKTA). For overseas employment in Vancouver, Canada, Vancouver K-Move Center, and the World Korean Trade Association (OKTA) are leading overseas employment projects. In addition, Emigration Corp, Korean Small Business Trade of Vancouver, Korean and local businesses, Canadian local agencies and training institutes, and OKTA Vancouver branch support overseas employment agencies to form cooperative relationships.
(Research implications or Originality) As a result of this study, it is necessary to systematize efficient overseas employment support projects by establishing a cooperative network system with the HRDK and overseas employment institutions. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the recruitment information collection, life counseling, and job placement system for unemployed people through flexible cooperation with the Korean Association in Canada. In particular, it is necessary to form an alumni association for overseas employees in Canada to activate mentor programs and establish a database of employed people. Finally, if a job seeker succeeds in finding a job in Canada but returns to Korea due to visa expiration, a support system should be established to help in securing a job successfully in Korea.

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7중국농촌마을의 지역사회소속감 형성에 관한 연구: 위안가마을을 중심으로

저자 : Jiane-feng Li , 황태규 ( Tae-kyu Hwang ) , 강순화 ( Soon-hwa Kang )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 121-136 (16 pages)

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(Purpose) The purpose of this study is to analyze the process of forming a sense of belonging to the local community of rural tourist destinations and the factors influencing the sense of belonging of residents, and to investigate the process of forming a sense of belonging of belonging of rural tourism village residents.
(Design/methodology/approach) The subject of this study was conducted through an interpersonal interview survey method for Yuanjia Village, the most representative example of rural tourism in China. The surveyors conducted a survey after receiving preliminary survey method training, and a total of 482 copies were analyzed as valid samples.
(Findings) According to the empirical analysis, support, fairness, social networking, resident participation, and membership all had important influences on the sense of community belonging, and among them, shareholder qualifications, regional participation, and distribution definition were high.
(Research implications or Originality) This study is meaningful in identifying the factors that form a sense of community belonging of the residents of Yuanjia Village through case analysis and providing abundant information to the development of other rural tourist attractions.

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8기업가적 역량과 기업가적 태도가 창업의도에 미치는 영향과 매개효과

저자 : 이윤석 ( Yun-sock Lee ) , 이철규 ( Cheol-gyu Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 137-162 (26 pages)

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(Purpose) Among the research on university entrepreneurship, the fields that have been actively researched are about entrepreneurial competency and startup intention. Relatively, there are not many studies on the entrepreneurial attitude that is important for the spread of a positive perception of start-up and entrepreneurial culture. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation among entrepreneurial competency, entrepreneurial attitude, and entrepreneurial intention, and to suggest a direction to increase the entrepreneurial intention of university students.
(Design/Method/Approach) In this study, the relation among entrepreneurial competency, entrepreneurial attitude, and entrepreneurial intention was derived by conducting a survey on the students who participated in across the country selected in the nationwide start-up competition.
(Research Results) Entrepreneurial competency was found to have an effect on entrepreneurship but not on entrepreneurial intention. Entrepreneurial attitude was found to have a positive effect on entrepreneurial intention, and it was found to have a mediating effect on the relationship between entrepreneurial competency and entrepreneurial intention.
(Implications or originality of the study) The results of this study have the following implications. First, universities and institutions related to entrepreneurship provide various educational programs to enhance entrepreneurial competence of university students, but these efforts may not be proportional to increasing their entrepreneurial intention. Second, it suggests that universities and governments should prepare programs to cultivate entrepreneurial attitudes as well as entrepreneurial competency.

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9초·중등-대학 간 창업교육 연계모델 개발 연구

저자 : 노성여 ( Seong-yeo Noh ) , 김준오 ( Joon-oh Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 163-206 (44 pages)

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(Purpose) The importance of revitalizing entrepreneurship and start-ups is highlighted worldwide due to the rapidly changing development of science and technology and the chronic phenomenon of job shortages, and the need for education and training is emphasized. Laws, institutions, and infrastructure support related to start-up education and entrepreneurship cultivation for adolescents are still very poor, and entrepreneurship education must be conducted before some economic education is underway. The purpose of this study was to present a model for linking elementary, middle and university start-up education as an alternative to revitalizing start-ups as a way to overcome low growth and youth unemployment.
(Design/methodology/approach) It was analyzed by analyzing the current status and ecosystem of domestic and foreign start-up education, comparing domestic and foreign start-up education and deriving implications, deriving stakeholders and components through FGI for experts, and deriving priority strategies for linking start-up education.
(Findings) As a way to link elementary and secondary-university start-up education, the elementary and secondary-university start-up education linkage model and start-up curriculum linkage. The establishment curriculum infrastructure linkage and governance establishment plan between the constituents of the start-up linkage were presented.
(Research implications or Originality) Rather than theoretical classes learned in the classroom, the educational method of visiting, experiencing, and feeling the field of interest is more effective, and universities have experience, curriculum, and human resources related to start-up education, leading the creation of a local start-up ecosystem. If elementary and secondary schools, which lack human resources, capabilities, and infrastructure to conduct high-quality start-up education, conduct education in connection with start-up-focused universities, they can lead to the growth of the community as well as effective education.

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10경기도 노인1인가구의 고독감이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 연구

저자 : 이지희 ( Jihee Lee ) , 이은희 ( Eunhee Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 207-228 (22 pages)

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(Purpose) This study was conducted to acquire base data to establish political and practical directions to improve the quality of life of elderly single-person households in the current prolonged COVID-19 epidemic, which increases the danger of social isolation among elderly single-person households.
(Design/methodology/approach) Reliability test, descriptive statistics, and correlation analysis were performed using the retrieved data. Path coefficients based on structural equations were presented for research hypothesis testing using AMOS 25.0 to learn the effects of social capital and social support in relation to the influence of the independent variable (feeling of loneliness) on the dependent variable (quality of life).
(Findings) The multiple additive moderation model was used to test whether social capital and social support have a moderating effect regarding how loneliness influences the quality of life. The result showed that the social capital had a moderating effect on the feeling of loneliness, affecting the quality of life of the elderly single-person household. Meanwhile, its explanatory power was high at 47%.
(Research implications or Originality) The result has shown that social capital can mitigate the negative effect of loneliness on the quality of life. As social capital is built with trust, standards, networks, and participation, it is implied that there is a need to focus on these aspects while making practical efforts to reduce the feeling of loneliness and improve the quality of life in elderly single-person households.

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