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이중언어학회> 이중언어학> 한국어 교육 동영상 자료의 형식에 대한 기호학적 분석 연구

KCI등재

한국어 교육 동영상 자료의 형식에 대한 기호학적 분석 연구

A Semiotic Analysis on the Format of Video Materials for Korean Language Learning

조성해 ( Cho Sunghai )
  • : 이중언어학회
  • : 이중언어학 86권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 03월
  • : 193-223(31pages)
이중언어학

DOI


목차

1. 서론
2. 이론적 배경 및 선행 연구
3. 연구 방법
4. 연구 결과
5. 교육적 적용
6. 결론
<참고문헌>

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This study aims to analyze the format of video lecture materials for Korean language learners in the view of Semiotics. Two materials from the King Sejong Institute Foundation, a public institution, were selected, and analysis standards were prepared employing Saussure’s structural semiotics, and NVivo 12 Plus was used as an analysis tool. As a result, either the external and internal domains were not clearly separated, or heterogeneity was found in the internal information to which the same rule should be applied, thus violating the ‘binary opposition’. In addition, the variability of ‘value’ was reported as a specific meaning was expressed by several signs or a single sign was used in several meanings. These results implied that the format of video lectures was less systematic than that of printed textbooks. For educational application, some application measures for the reported problems were proposed. An example of application of ‘binary opposition’ in terms of hierarchical arrangement or design of information, and another one of using a ‘sign’ in which the signifier, i.e. the language information, was properly combined with the signified such as font, color, line or figure design, and icon in consideration of the relationship between ‘paradigmes’, were presented. (Hongik University)

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 언어학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-1757
  • : 2713-9336
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1983-2022
  • : 1235


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88권0호(2022년 06월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1한국어교육 관련 ODA 사업의 현황과 시사점

저자 : 김은경 ( Kim Unggyoung )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 88권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-37 (37 pages)

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Official Development Assistance (ODA) programs for Korean language education are significant in that they can suggest ways to share Korea education model with developing countries and foster prospective leaders who can enhance communication and cooperation between developing countries and Korea in the future. This study aims to draw implications for the systematic planning and implementation of ODA programs for Korean language education.
Statistical data of ODA programs for Korean language education between 2010 and 2020, which are published on the Korea ODA Integrated Information Portal, were reviewed and analyzed. The main implications drawn from the analysis of data are summarized as follows: There is a need to 1) review the scale of the ODA programs for Korean language education; 2) consider the balance between the sustainability of the programs and the continuity of the recipient country selection; 3) diversify the ODA program contents considering the status of Korean education in the recipient countries; 4) identify ways to provide human resources, technology resources, and material resources simultaneously, and 5) strategize the selection of recipient countries and the implementation of the programs. These results can be the basis for planning and implementing ODA programs for Korean language education in the future. (Sangmyung University)

KCI등재

2여성 결혼이민자의 '국적취득 준비 한국어 수업' 경험을 통한 정체성 탐색 연구

저자 : 김참이 ( Kim Charmyee )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 88권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 39-66 (28 pages)

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The objective of this study is to explore the sense of identity of the female marriage immigrants in relation to their experience of participation in the “Korean Class for Nationality Acquisition Preparation Program”. This study aimed particularly to thoroughly examine through classroom observation and in-depth interviews what the female marriage immigrants' perception of the Korean language would be like and what changes occurred in their sense of identity through the participation experience in the “Korean Class for Nationality Acquisition Preparation Program”. This study found that the female marriage immigrants' active class participation and their purposes of Korean language learning were not just related to learning the language itself, but also to developing and reinforcing their sense of identity. First, the female marriage immigrants were aware that it is essential to understand the Korean language in settling down in Korea and Korean language can have economic value in combination with their native language. Moreover, they were found to actively invest their time and effort in learning the Korean language as a means of self-realization, which enhanced their learning motivation. Second, the active class participation of female marriage immigrants showed that their purpose for the program is to adapt to Korean society better, rather than to acquire nationality itself since they perceived themselves as a social and cultural subject who voluntarily migrated. In addition, their self-efficacy was improved through the interaction with surrounding people in this process. Third, the female marriage immigrants tried to establish their roles at home as wives and mothers by improving their knowledge and Korean language skills through the program. In particular, their sense of identity as a mother who can guide children's education became stronger. It can be seen that they strengthened their sense of identity positively, constantly negotiating for it through various experiences through the class participation process and learning contents. (Chonnam National University)

KCI등재

3상호작용 활성화를 위한 온라인 협업 교육 도구 활용 방안 연구

저자 : 박숙영 ( Park Sukyoung ) , 김효신 ( Kim Hyosin )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 88권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 67-97 (31 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to utilize online collaborative education tools for the interaction between learner-instructor, learner-learner-instructor, and content-learner-instructor. Prior to this, as a survey result of instructors' perception of online collaboration education tools, it was found that the recognition and utilization of collaboration education tools were low. The use of online collaborative education tools was proposed according to the interaction target. In the instructor-learner interaction, the use of Jamboard, Mentimeter, QuizN, Google docs, and Flipgrid was presented. Through learner-learner-instructor interaction, the use of Google Slide, Gather.town, Ifland and Paddlet, QuizN, and Flipgrid was presented. The last, a plan to utilize Kahoot, QuizN and Ifland was proposed as a content-learner-instructor interaction. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)

KCI등재

4한국어 습득 과정에서 나타난 이중모음 발음 오류 양상 및 특성: 우즈베키스탄 한국어 중급 학습자를 중심으로

저자 : 안성민 ( An Sung-min )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 88권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 99-126 (28 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to present basic data on diphthong pronunciation education for Uzbek Korean learners by revealing the patterns and characteristics of diphthong pronunciation errors of Uzbek Korean learners. Items that need to be corrected or supplemented in diphthong education for Uzbek learners were selected as /ㅢ, ㅛ, wi, wE/. The pronunciation error rate of the /ㅢ/ was 96.3% when there was no preceding consonant at the beginning, which was significantly higher than the error rate of /ㅢ/ in other conditions. This was a result of the fact that the pronunciation form of /ㅢ/ was different according to the influence of the mother tongue and phonological conditions. It was suggested to correct the error by repeating the learning of the short vowel /ㅡ/ in the diphthong learning. The pronunciation error of /ㅛ/ was 40.7%, and it was found that the pronunciation error rate of male was higher than that of female. This was confirmed by the influence of the vowel /ㅗ/, and in the case of male Uzbek learners, the vowel space of /ㅗ/ overlapped with /ㅓ/ a lot, thus affecting /ㅛ/ pronunciation. Therefore, it was suggested that the pronunciation education of /ㅛ/ should also be modified through education on the short vowel /ㅗ/. Finally, the error rates of /wE/ and /wi/ were 53.1% and 19.8%, respectively. Writing reinforcement education and articulation education method that reduce the influence of mother tongue were suggested. (Jeonju University)

KCI등재

5한국어 학습자를 위한 문맥에 따른 종결어미 '-거든'의 공손성 연구

저자 : Yang Jing-jing

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 88권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 127-157 (31 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to reveal the basic meaning and pragmatic meaning of ending word '-geodeun', and its politeness according to the context, and based on this, to propose education plan for foreigners of '-geodeun' in Korean education in the future. The ending word '-geodeun' has various pragmatic meanings, but it is difficult for foreigners to grasp all the meanings when learning Korean, and if we educate all the meanings of '-geodeun', it will also give foreign learners a lot of learning load, and they will encounter various confusions and difficulties in mastering the usage of '-geodeun'. Therefore, it is necessary to set a basic meaning of '-geodeun'. Only after mastering the basic meaning can the learner better grasp the various pragmatic meanings of '-geodeun'. In addition, the ending word '-geodeun' as a colloquial suffix has been discussed as a marker of politeness. This article believes that '-geodeun' itself does not have the function of “politeness”, and '-geodeun' will shows different degrees of politeness according to the context and the comparison with other endings. (Inha University)

KCI등재

6한류 콘텐츠를 활용한 한국어와 한국 문화 수업

저자 : 우보의 ( Boeui Woo )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 88권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 159-189 (31 pages)

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전 세계적으로 한류 콘텐츠의 인가가 증가하면서 한국어 교육 분야에서 한국어 콘텐츠를 이용한 한국어와 한국 문화 교육 방안이 개발되어 왔다. 그러나 대부분의 연구가 아시아 국가의 한국어 학습자를 대상으로 하였으며 한국어와 한국 문화 교육 방안에 대한 학습자들의 반응을 조사하지 않았다. 이에 이 연구에서는 한류 콘텐츠를 이용하여 미국의 한국어 학습자를 대상로 한 한국어와 한국 문화 수업 방안을 마련하고자 하였다. 특히 이 연구에서는 내용 중심 교수법을 기반으로 하여 한국 대중가요와 게임을 활용한 수업 방안을 개발하였다. 그리고 아홉 명의 참가자를 대상으로 심층 인터뷰를 진행하여 한류 콘텐츠를 이용한 한국어와 한국 문화 수업에 대한 의견을 알아보았다. 그 결과 한류 콘텐츠를 이용한 한국어와 한국 문화 수업이 한국어 학습자에게 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 반면 한국어와 한국 문화 교육의 질을 향상시키기 위한 개선 사항이 있다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 마지막으로 한국어 수업에서 활용될 수 있는 학습 모형을 제시하였다. 후속 연구로 다른 종류의 한류 콘텐츠를 활용한 한국어 수업과 추가적인 학습 자료의 개발 그리고 이 연구에서 제시한 한국어와 한국 문화 교육 방안의 효과성에 대한 입증이 필요하다. (하와이주립대학교)


With the growing popularity of Hallyu content across the globe, Korean language and cultural teaching methods using Hallyu content were developed in the areas of Korean language education while most studies targeted Korean language learners in Asian countries and did not investigate the reactions of Korean language learners to the teaching methods. Accordingly, the study aimed to propose a teaching method for Korean language and cultural lessons using Hallyu content, targeting Korean language learners in the United States. In particular, the study developed a teaching method for Korean language and cultural lessons with K-pop and K-games based on content-based instruction (CBI). Additionally, in-depth interviews with nine participants were conducted concerning opinions and suggestions for Korean language and cultural lessons with Hallyu content. The results of the in-depth interviews showed that Korean language and cultural lessons using Hallyu content positively affected Korean language learners, although some improvements were needed in the quality of Korean language and cultural education. Finally, an instructional model was suggested for use in Korean classes. Future research is necessary for the development of Korean lessons with other types of content, additional teaching materials, and to prove the effectiveness of the teaching method. (University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa)

KCI등재

7온라인 메신저를 활용한 중급 한국어 쓰기 수업 사례 연구 -장르 중심 쓰기를 바탕으로-

저자 : 장적 ( Zhang Di ) , 최예진 ( Choi Yejin )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 88권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 191-227 (37 pages)

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This study aims to present a case study of Korean Writing Education using online messenger for Chinese intermediate learners. Communication competence means how properly a language can be used in the context in which it is used. It also points to a genre-based teaching approach which emphasizes the socio-cultural situation and context and values the efficient communication within the discourse community. Meanwhile, language education using digital technology which can handle and share various information is becoming increasingly common. In particular, WeChat, which has the largest number of users in China, is also desirable to use it as a learning space. Therefore, this study attempted to present a case study Korean Writing Education based on genre-based teaching approach using WeChat for 15 college students from T University in China. The instructional model was presented by referring to and reconstructing Feez(1998) and Park Eun-sun(2014) and dividing it into four stages: context setting, model text analysis, co-construction, and independent composition. As a result, the students showed a satisfactory response overall but there were also negative opinions such as lack of time and low participation of students in the evaluation. Therefore, it is hoped that an efficient teaching method will be prepared to overcome these limitations in the future. (Kyunghee University)

KCI등재

8한국어 학습자의 구어 유창성이 한국어 원어민의 언어 태도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 정승혜 ( Seung Hye Chung ) , 김영주 ( Young Joo Kim )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 88권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 229-263 (35 pages)

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This study aims to investigate if native Korean speakers' attitudes and perception would be affected by how naturally and fluently Korean learners speak. If so, how much are these two correlated. To investigate this, 21 of Korean L2 learners' speaking recordings were collected and assessed for verbal fluency, 40 of Korean native speakers participated questionnaire which is developed to measure their language attitudes. The results show that Korean L2 learners' verbal fluency and native Koran speakers' language attitudes are correlated. All five elements of verbal fluency(vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, speech rate, suprasegmental phoneme) are correlated with all four fields of language attitudes. Learner's vocabulary and grammar affect language attitudes overall. Speech rate(speed of speaking, stuttering, repetition, and long pause) affects superiority and reliability more than other fields of language attitudes. And Suprasegmental phoneme(intonation, accent and rhythm) affects social attractiveness more than other fields of language attitudes. (Kyunghee University)

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1고전시가 <정읍사>를 활용한 한국 문학 교육 방안 연구 -전북지역 외국인 유학생을 대상으로-

저자 : 권주안 ( Kwon Juan )

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발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-55 (29 pages)

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KCI등재

3한 중 외교 브리핑 담화에 반영된 '개입' 연구

저자 : 맹강 ( Meng Gang )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 57-90 (34 pages)

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This study aims to reveal commonalities and differences by contrasting Engagement in the Chinese and Korean diplomatic briefing discourse. To this end, 100 piece(Korean 50, Chinese 50) diplomatic briefing discourses was selected and then we extracted the Engagement based on the Appraisal Theory. As a result, the inter-textual resources was used the most in all diplomatic discourses between Korean and Chinese. This shows that all diplomatic discourses between Korean and Chinese place importance on communicating facts. This seems related to the main function of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' regular briefing is to convey the facts. Also, it can be said that it is characteristic that the entertain is used a lot in Korean diplomatic discourse, whereas pronounce is used a lot in Chinese diplomatic discourse. This shows that the Korean diplomatic discourse places importance on interaction with the audience, and the Chinese diplomatic discourse values the expression of its own position. This seems to be related to the roles of spokespersons for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China and Korea, the foreign policies of the two countries, and the customs of expression in Korean and Chinese. (Jilin University)

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4쓰기 활동에서 나타나는 자가수정 인지 오류: 스페인 한국어 학습자의 음소오류

저자 : 박목원 ( Morgan Mok-won Park )

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본 연구는 스페인 초급 한국어 학습자들의 쓰기 활동 시 자가수정(self-correction)의 효용성을 연구하였다. 대상은 대학에서 한국어를 전공하는 23명의 스페인 학생들이다. 자료는 강사가 준비한 스페인어-한국어 역번역문이며, 교실수업에서 학습자들에게 간접적 피드백을 제공하고 해당오류를 자가수정하게 하여 그 결과를 조사 분석하였다. 학습자들은 수업시간 내 교사가 동료 학습자들에게 제공하는 피드백을 관찰하고 동료의 본보기 텍스트(model text)를 바탕으로 자신의 오류를 직접 수정하였다. 학습자들은 자가수정 과정에서 동료 및 교사에게 질문하거나 상의할 수 있으며, 교과서, 수업자료, 노트필기, 사전 등을 참고했다. 분석 결과 간접 피드백 및 자가수정 이후에도 지속적으로 발견된 오류는 철자오류(53.6%), 조사사용(19.9%), 동사활용(17.1%), 어휘선택 (9.2%)으로 분류할 수 있었다. 학습자들의 자가 수정되지 않은 오류의 절반 이상은 철자오류로 나타났으며, 자음오류(31.8%)가 모음오류(21.8%)보다 많았다. 이는 스페인 학습자들의 모어 간섭으로 인한 한국어 음소 인식 문제인 것으로 보인다. (살라망카 대학교)

KCI등재

5예비 한국어 교사를 위한 상호문화 인식 교육 사례 연구 -고정관념 성찰, 자문화 낯설게 보기를 중심으로-

저자 : 박소연 ( Park Soyeon )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 115-143 (29 pages)

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This study focused on intercultural awareness as part of enhancing intercultural competence to improve intercultural communication competence. So we theoretically considered critical cultural awareness and cultural self-consciousness through stereotypes and unfamiliarity with self-culture. And by applying and analyzing these to intercultural teacher education, practical and experiential intercultural awareness teacher education methods were sought. Therefore, the background and causes of problems of cultural bias such as stereotypes were examined, and as a way to overcome this, the unfamiliar view of self-culture was reviewed and applied to actual classes experientially to have an opportunity for introspection. Furthermore, it was recognized that it is not an easy process to break out of the self-culture frame, and reviewed that continuous introspection and training process are necessary to minimize this. (Honam University)

KCI등재

6한국어 '-ㄴ 것이다' 구문과 중국어 '是……的' 구문의 대조 연구

저자 : 손욱 ( Sun Yu )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 145-170 (26 pages)

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The study analyzes the similarities and differences between two constructions, '-eun keosita' in Korean and 'shì……de' in Chinese, to shed light on the corresponding relationship between these two constructions. The construction '-eun keosita' can be divided into three types. Type 1 is composed by 'keos' which has the function of reference and 'ita' which marks the identity relation. Type 2 is composed by the 'keos' complement clause and the copula 'ita'. Type 3 of '-eun keosita' is used as an idiomatic expression, which has the modality meaning of “emphasizing the established facts”. The construction 'shì… …de' also can be divided into three types: judgment construction, emphasis construction and affirmative construction. In the case of the judgment construction, 'shì' is a copula and 'de' is a structural auxiliary. In the cases of the emphasis construction and the affirmative construction, 'shì' is a modal adverb and 'de' is a modal particle. When 'shì……de' is deleted, the emphasis construction and the affirmative construction can be distinguished according to whether the meaning of the perfect is maintained. When comparing the construction of '-eun keosita' and 'shì……de', it has been found that Type 1 of '-eun keosita' corresponds with the judgment construction of 'shì……de'. But when the subject is a person, Type 1 of '-eun keosita' does not correspond with the judgment construction of 'shì…… de'. In addition, Type 2 of '-eun keosita' does not correspond with the construction of 'shì……de'. Type 3 corresponds with the affirmative construction of 'shì…… de', and at the same time, it also corresponds with the emphasis construction of 'shì……de' in particular context. When 'shì……de' is used as the meaning of affirmative, it can be used in suppositional contents. But this meaning contradicts with type 3 of '-eun keosita', so they can not replace each other in this case. (Seoul National University)

KCI등재

7한국어 쓰기 평가를 위한 자동채점의 가능성 탐색

저자 : 이용상 ( Lee Yongsang ) , 신동광 ( Shin Dongkwang ) , 김현정 ( Kim Hyunjung )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 171-191 (21 pages)

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The present study aimed at exploring the feasibility of the automated scoring in a writing test of Korean language. To this end, a scoring model was constructed and score prediction was performed by utilizing machine learning based on writing responses and their scoring data from the pesudo-test of Sejong Korean language Assessment (SKA). Random Forest, one of the representative supervised learning algorithms, was used for this machine learning, and the performance of the scoring model was validated in terms of 'Accuracy,' 'Precision,' 'Recall,' 'F1,' and 'Kappa' values. As a result, the performance of the scoring model in the two scoring domains of 'language use' and 'content' was good even though the data size for machine learning in this study was very small and the scoring rubric was not customized for the SKA writing test items. This results showed very positive implications for applying an automated scoring to the SKA writing test. In particular, the correlation between scores predicted by the automated scoring model and given by the human rater was smaller than that between scores by two human raters, however, the difference of the two groups was just about .10, which might be overcome by using a larger amount of data for machine learning and customizing automated scoring features. (Inha University, Gwangju University of Education, King Sejong Institute Foundation)

KCI등재

8한국어 교육 동영상 자료의 형식에 대한 기호학적 분석 연구

저자 : 조성해 ( Cho Sunghai )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 193-223 (31 pages)

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This study aims to analyze the format of video lecture materials for Korean language learners in the view of Semiotics. Two materials from the King Sejong Institute Foundation, a public institution, were selected, and analysis standards were prepared employing Saussure's structural semiotics, and NVivo 12 Plus was used as an analysis tool. As a result, either the external and internal domains were not clearly separated, or heterogeneity was found in the internal information to which the same rule should be applied, thus violating the 'binary opposition'. In addition, the variability of 'value' was reported as a specific meaning was expressed by several signs or a single sign was used in several meanings. These results implied that the format of video lectures was less systematic than that of printed textbooks. For educational application, some application measures for the reported problems were proposed. An example of application of 'binary opposition' in terms of hierarchical arrangement or design of information, and another one of using a 'sign' in which the signifier, i.e. the language information, was properly combined with the signified such as font, color, line or figure design, and icon in consideration of the relationship between 'paradigmes', were presented. (Hongik University)

KCI등재

9모국어 화자-학습자 간 피동 사용양상 연구 -동사의 의미와 피동 기능을 중심으로-

저자 : 조수지 ( Susie Jo )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 225-255 (31 pages)

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This study aims at identifying differences between native speakers and Korean learners in the usage patterns of passive voice and analyzing Korean learner's asymmetrical and functional errors of passive forms. Passive voice in Korean is grammatically important research field, and in practice, many Korean learners have difficulties acquiring it and commonly make errors in it. Current passive voice education for foreign learners, however, mainly focuses on the transformation of active forms into its passive forms and the irregularity of passive verbs that combine with passive suffix such as '-i, hi, ri, gi'. Therefore, it does not cover the asymmetrical characteristics according to its semantic classes of polysemous verbs and its functional aspects. As a result, it is overlooked that Korean learners tend to simply memorize passive forms as its active pairs as a vocabulary, resulting in limited usage of specific passive expressions or semantic and functional errors. Firstly, this study compares the actual usage patterns between native speakers and Korean learners focusing on the meaning of verbs and classifies verbs into three groups according each group's characteristics, and presents implications. Also, this study analyzes learner's usage patterns and errors in terms of asymmetrical characteristics of passive voice and atypical passive function. It is expected the study can be used as a material for enhancing the understanding of Korean learners in passive voices by focusing on its meaning and function. (Graduate School of Kyung Hee Cyber University)

KCI등재

10중국 이주배경 청소년의 한국어 구어 사용에 나타난 복잡성과 정확성 연구

저자 : 조청화 ( Zhao Qinghua )

발행기관 : 이중언어학회 간행물 : 이중언어학 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 257-291 (35 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to analyze the complexity and accuracy developments of Korean in three Chinese immigrant youths based on the Dynamic System Theory. The analysis of three participants showed different developmental trends and nonlinearities of development and regression in syntactic complexity, lexical complexity, and accuracy.
Furthermore, the educational characteristics of each student were discussed along with the changes in complexity and accuracy. The immigrant youths who have been involved in the Korean language classes utilized various and stable Korean phrases and sentences, while their lexical varieties were somewhat limited. On the other hand, the youths who have only attended basic classes tended to have limited complexity in their Korean phrases and sentences. Moreover, extracurricular activities and Korean friends were shown to be important factors affecting their Korean abilities. According to the study, youths who have participated more in extracurricular activities or kept interactions with Korean friends demonstrated better diversities in vocabulary. This result implies that it is necessary to continue Korean education through extracurricular programs, like Korean preparatory classes, for immigrant youths.
The Results of this study shed light on Korean language education for immigrant youths, on which there has been little study, by examining the influential factors and the aspects of Korean language education in immigrant youths using qualitative methods. (Seoul National University)

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