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한국이슬람학회> 한국이슬람학회 논총> 마그립 지역의 베르베르족 문화와 언어에 대한 연구

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마그립 지역의 베르베르족 문화와 언어에 대한 연구

A Study on the Berber Culture & Language in Maghreb

최진영 ( Choi Jin-young )
  • : 한국이슬람학회
  • : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 02월
  • : 151-174(24pages)
한국이슬람학회 논총

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 베르베르족의 사회와 문화
Ⅲ. 베르베르어
Ⅳ. 결론

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This paper proposes to introduce the Berber culture and language as a minor tribe of more than 25 million people living in North Africa, the Sahara Desert, and Sahalian West Africa. To make a practical approach to the Berber culture and languages, the paper, in the second section, deals with the Berber society and culture according to the main tribes and, in the third section, reports on the results of the research of the Berber languages conducted by European scholars. In addition to that, this part suggests a set of phonological, morphological rules of the Berber languages and surveys the social function of the Berber languages in Morocco, Algeria, Tunis. The Berber language's using region is very broad. Also, the Berber language has the characteristics of the isolated language (linguistic island) because it doesn't have relevances with the languages used in North Africa. In the past, it had once been a single unified language, but now it is not configured. The distribution of Morocco's Berber language is relatively unified while the Berber language in Algeria and Tunisia has a different distribution. A reduction of the Berber population according to the urbanization and population movements provoked a big change in the Berber language's using range. These various elements didn't make the Berber see themselves as a national unit or a political presence. The paper concludes that a study on the Berber culture and language deserves to be made as a study on the minor tribes, stressing the need of the studies on the minor tribes in Korea and settling an objective viewpoint of the problems of minor tribes.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 종교학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1226-2811
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1990-2022
  • : 621


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It is generally known that in the wake of the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi's pro-Israel policy abruptly changed to Khomeini's anti-Israel policy.
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The impact that Islamic State(IS) had on the international community was huge. As if denying the achievements of the “War on Terror” led by the United States, a more sophisticated violent extremist force such as IS emerged after the Arab Spring. Although IS lost its base and was annihilated in Syria and Iraq, the collapse of IS does not mean the end of violent extremism which abused the ideology of political Islam.
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It is natural that Saudi oil policy should have begun to attract significant attention from all the parties concerned with the world oil market after it took direct control of oil production and prices during the 1970s. The capacity of the Saudi oil industry, with its huge oil reserves and production levels, is and probably always will be sufficient to play a key role not only in OPEC, but also more generally on the world oil market. In addition to its huge oil reserves, its productive capacity of over 10 million b/d, which allows Saudi Arabia to increase or cut its considerable production in accordance with market situations or its own political interests, makes both producers and consumers pay close attention to its oil policies, which are likely to have a profound effect on volatile oil prices.
For an explanation of Saudi oil policy, various factors affecting the decisions of Saudi oil policy makers should be considered, either economic or political. From an economic perspective, commentators have tried to find a rational strategy underlying the attempts of Saudi decision-makers to optimize the long-term value of their oil by applying various economic models. Through the analysis of these models, the study would like to suggest which model best explains Saudi Arabia's oil policy from an economic point of view. This study is expected to contribute to understanding the economic mechanism by which Saudi Arabia's oil policy operates.

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6마그립 지역의 베르베르족 문화와 언어에 대한 연구

저자 : 최진영 ( Choi Jin-young )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 151-174 (24 pages)

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This paper proposes to introduce the Berber culture and language as a minor tribe of more than 25 million people living in North Africa, the Sahara Desert, and Sahalian West Africa. To make a practical approach to the Berber culture and languages, the paper, in the second section, deals with the Berber society and culture according to the main tribes and, in the third section, reports on the results of the research of the Berber languages conducted by European scholars. In addition to that, this part suggests a set of phonological, morphological rules of the Berber languages and surveys the social function of the Berber languages in Morocco, Algeria, Tunis. The Berber language's using region is very broad. Also, the Berber language has the characteristics of the isolated language (linguistic island) because it doesn't have relevances with the languages used in North Africa. In the past, it had once been a single unified language, but now it is not configured. The distribution of Morocco's Berber language is relatively unified while the Berber language in Algeria and Tunisia has a different distribution. A reduction of the Berber population according to the urbanization and population movements provoked a big change in the Berber language's using range. These various elements didn't make the Berber see themselves as a national unit or a political presence. The paper concludes that a study on the Berber culture and language deserves to be made as a study on the minor tribes, stressing the need of the studies on the minor tribes in Korea and settling an objective viewpoint of the problems of minor tribes.

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7문항 유형이 아랍어 학습자의 듣기 이해도 및 듣기 전략에 미치는 영향

저자 : 문지영 ( Mun Ji-young )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 175-208 (34 pages)

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This study aims to examine the effects of question types on the listening comprehension and listening strategy use of Arabic Learners. 24 Arabic learners(First Year 2nd Semester) were divided into two groups regarding question type: one group was given multiple-choice questions, and the other was given short answer questions. A survey on strategy use of the participants were conducted.
There searcher compared the listening comprehension of the two groups by using the T-test. The listening strategy use of the two groups was analyzed in the way of counting frequency of strategy use.
The results of this study are as follows: First, the group with multiple-choice questions received higher scores than the group with short answer questions. This proved that question types had an effect on the participants' listening comprehension.
Second, the group with multiple-choice questions used more strategies than the group with short answer questions. Among the strategies related to options, the group with multiple-choice questions the most frequently employed strategy was the strategy of inferring unknown meaning by using options. Among the strategies which were not related to options, three strategies were used more by the group with multiple-choice questions than by the group with short answer questions. The three strategies included taking notes, translating in Korean, and using known words in an utterance to guess the meaning of the message.
Third, advanced learners employed fewer strategies than low-level learners. On the multiple-choice test, the advanced learners used three strategies more than the low-level learners. One was the strategy of activating appropriate schemas related to the topic, another was the strategy of deciding to focus on specific aspects of language input, and the other was the strategy of deciding to focus on the language input in general. The strategies related to options were employed more by the advanced learners than by the low-level learners.
On the short answer test, the advanced learners used four strategies more than the low-level learners. They included the strategy of activating appropriate schemas related to the topic, the strategy of deciding to focus on specific aspects of language input, the strategy of deciding to focus on the language input in general, the strategy of uttering known words to guess the meaning of the message.

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8고전 페르시아 시문학에 비친 투르크 족의 다중적 이미지 연구

저자 : 신양섭 ( Shin Yang-sup )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 209-237 (29 pages)

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In general, the attitude of the 'majority' toward the 'minority' in a community is ridicule and contempt. This attitude is directly reflected in the literature of lingua franca used by the 'majority'. A typical example is the image of the Jews in Persian literature. In Persian literature, both classical and modern, Jews are seen as an object of ridicule and contempt.
This general rule, however, does not apply to the Turks, another “minority” in Iranian society. The attitudes and views of the Iranians toward the Turks are multiple and contradictory. In classical Persian poetry, the Turks are objects of condemnation and resentment, objects of admiration and praise, and objects of love. This is because the Turks were a “minority like majority” in Iranian society. In other words, the Turks were a “ethnic minority” but a “political majority” because they emerged as invaders and conquerors in Iran. The brutal and barbaric acts of the Turks during their invasion and conquest were expressed with condemnation and resentment, but the valiant conquest against the pagans by the Turkic monarchs who ruled Iran and their generous support for Persian poets were expressed with praise and admiration. Another Turkic image added to these is beauty. While freely contacting young Turks who entered Iranian society as slave mercenaries or servants in the early days, the unique appearance of Turks attracted the attention of Persian poets and this interest developed the young Turk into an ideal lover.
Another reason that Persian poets had a relatively friendly feeling towards the Turks compared to the Jews is religion. After both Iranians and Turks converted to Islam, ethnic boundaries were eliminated and common religious boundaries were formed. In other words, the Jews were outside the boundary, but the Turks were within it, so a coexistence between the two peoples could easily be established. The Persian poets supported by the Turkic rulers were able to freely condemn the cruelty and barbarity of the other Turks, because they regarded the Turkic rulers as “himself” who had already entered the boundary and assimilated into Persian culture, but the new Turkic invaders as “others” who were outside the boundary.

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9소설 『자밀라』에서 영화 <자밀라>로의 서사 구조 변용과 주제의식 구현 양상

저자 : 손영훈 ( Son Young-hoon ) , 이난아 ( Lee Nan-a )

발행기관 : 한국이슬람학회 간행물 : 한국이슬람학회 논총 32권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 239-260 (22 pages)

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The cinematization of a novel is the transformation of literary fiction using the features of a medium known as film. This transformation, however, is a complementary interaction between the two media rather than a separate creative process. The novel Jamila, written by Chinghiz Aitmatov, and the film Jamila, based on the original work, are about the life of Jamila, the epitome of an enterprising and challenging woman, and her brother-in-law, Seyit, who forges his own path under the influence of her will to live an independent life. When a novel is adapted into a film, it can become a completely different story than the original work; however, the film < Jamilah > faithfully reproduces the original work's contents and concept by adhering to a similar narrative framework, such as the development process and story flow. In other words, when a novel is adapted into a film, it is developed three-dimensionally without dramatic changes in the narrative structure and story transformation, with the director's reinterpretation and cinematic device added. Both works use flashback techniques to recall the past, and the novel's narrative method is used in the film. In terms of translating theme consciousness from novel to film, both works are superficially centered on the love story of Jamila and Daniyar, but this is not a story based on a simple heterosexuality motif. In contrast to the obedient women of the time who followed traditional customs, the adventurous Jamila's actions of challenging for what she craves, and Seyit's changing appearance, who also left the way toward the life he desires, teach readers and audiences a lesson about who owns their life. It can be confirmed that the novel and film faithfully reproduce the original work's theme consciousness through the same narrative structure in dealing with the process of life of Jamila and Seyit growing into independent individuals through love.

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