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한국전기전자재료학회> 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)> 결정그래프 합성곱 인공신경망을 통한 소재의 생성 에너지 예측

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결정그래프 합성곱 인공신경망을 통한 소재의 생성 에너지 예측

Prediction of Material’s Formation Energy Using Crystal Graph Convolutional Neural Network

이현기 ( Hyun-gi Lee ) , 서동화 ( Dong-hwa Seo )
  • : 한국전기전자재료학회
  • : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2022년 03월
  • : 134-142(9pages)
전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)

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기존의 시행착오를 거쳐 소재를 개발하는 방법은 조금씩 한계를 보이고 있는데, 왜냐하면 산업과 기술이 고도화되고 기능성 소재가 가져야 하는 특성은 복잡해지면서 그 요구치가 높아지고 있기 때문이다. 이를 극복하기 위해 데이터 기반의 인공신경망으로 복잡한 소재 공간을 빠르게 탐색하여 소재 개발을 가속화하고자 하는 연구들이 진행되고 있다. 특히 결정그래프 합성곱 인공신경망은 결정 소재의 구조에 따른 특성을 학습하는 인공신경망으로 소재의 특성(생성 에너지, 밴드갭, 부피 탄성 계수 등)을 양자역학 기반의 제일원리 계산보다 빠르게 예측한다. 본 논문에서는 46,629개의 결정구조 데이터와 그 생성 에너지를 공공데이터베이스에서 불러와 결정그래프 합성곱 인공신경망 모델을 학습시키고 이를 특성 예측에 적용해 보는 예제를 설명한다. 이를 통해 간단한 프로그래밍 지식으로 소재 특성 예측모델을 재현해 보고 원하는 데이터 셋과 연구 분야에 적용할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다. 인공지능 모델의 개발은 앞으로 더 복잡한 특성을 가져야만 하는 소재의 개발을 위해 넓은 범위의 소재를 탐색해야만 하는 과정을 획기적으로 단축시켜 소재 개발의 가속화를 촉진시킬 것으로 생각된다.
As industry and technology go through advancement, it is hard to search new materials which satisfy various standards through conventional trial-and-error based research methods. Crystal Graph Convolutional Neural Network(CGCNN) is a neural network which uses material’s features as train data, and predicts the material properties(formation energy, bandgap, etc.) much faster than first-principles calculation. This report introduces how to train the CGCNN model which predicts the formation energy using open database. It is anticipated that with a simple programming skill, readers could construct a model using their data and purpose. Developing machine learning model for materials science is going to help researchers who should explore large chemical and structural space to discover materials efficiently.

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  • : 공학분야  > 전기공학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 1226-7945
  • : 2288-3258
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1988-2022
  • : 4646


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35권4호(2022년 07월) 수록논문
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1Volatile Memristor-Based Artificial Spiking Neurons for Bioinspired Computing

저자 : Soon Joo Yoon , Yoon Kyeung Lee

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 311-321 (11 pages)

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The report reviews recent research efforts in demonstrating a computing system whose operation principle mimics the dynamics of biological neurons. The temporal variation of the membrane potential of neurons is one of the key features that contribute to the information processing in the brain. We first summarize the neuron models that explain the experimentally observed change in the membrane potential. The function of ion channels is briefly introduced to understand such change from the molecular viewpoint. Dedicated circuits that can simulate the neuronal dynamics have been developed to reproduce the charging and discharging dynamics of neurons depending on the input ionic current from presynaptic neurons. Key elements include volatile memristors that can undergo volatile resistance switching depending on the voltage bias. This behavior called the threshold switching has been utilized to reproduce the spikes observed in the biological neurons. Various types of threshold switch have been applied in a different configuration in the hardware demonstration of neurons. Recent studies revealed that the memristor-based circuits could provide energy and space efficient options for the demonstration of neurons using the innate physical properties of materials compared to the options demonstrated with the conventional complementary metal-oxidesemiconductors (CMOS).

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2유전체를 활용한 초고속 에너지 충/방전 소자 기술

저자 : 최현수 ( Hyunsu Choi ) , 류정호 ( Jungho Ryu ) , 윤운하 ( Woon-ha Yoon ) , 황건태 ( Geon-tae Hwang )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 322-332 (11 pages)

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Energy storage capacitors based on dielectric ceramics with superior polarization properties and dielectric constant can provide much higher output power density due to their very fast energy charging/discharging rates, which are particularly suitable for operating pulsed-power devices. For an outstanding energy storage performance of dielectric capacitor, a large recoverable energy density could be derived by introducing a slim polarization-electric field hysteresis loop into dielectric materials by various technical approaches. Many research teams have explored various dielectric capacitor technologies to demonstrate high output power density and ultrafast charging/discharging behavior. This article reviews the recent research progress in high-performance dielectric capacitors for pulsed-power electronic applications.

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3자기전기복합체의 비공진 및 공진 상태에서의 자기전기 결합 특성 평가 방법

저자 : Deepak Rajaram Patil , 류정호 ( Jungho Ryu )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 333-341 (9 pages)

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자기전기복합체(magnetoelectric, ME compositie)는 자왜재료와 압전재료의 결합현상을 이용하는 재료로서 지난 20여 년간 이론적, 실험적으로 많은 연구가 진행되어 왔다. 자기전기복합체의 출력특성은 구성하는 소재, 계면층, 복합체의 형상, 자기장하 진동모드 등의 많은 구성요소의 최적화를 통하여 급속히 향상되고 있다. 하지만 자기전기복합체의 자기전기 결합 특성 평가는 대부분의 연구들에서 구체적인 방법을 제시하지 않아 어떻게 측정한 것인지가 불명확한 경우가 많다. 본 논문에서는 자기전기복합체의 비공진, 공진상황에서 자기전기 전압계수를 어떻게 측정할 수 있는지에 대한 자세한 방법을 소개한다. 평가를 위한 샘플로서 대칭적인 구조를 가지는 Gelfenol/PMN-PZT/Gelfenol 자기전기복합체를 제조하였다. 압전 재료로는 이방성의 (011) 32 모드의 PMN-PZT 압전 단결정과 자왜재료로는 Galfenol 합금을 사용하여 에폭시로 접착하였다. 컴퓨터 인터페이스로 자동화된 자기전기 전압특성 측정 시스템의 구성을 우선 설명하고, 자기전기 결합특성의 측정 방법을 단계별로 설명한다. 본 튜토리얼 논문에서는 자기전기결합 특성과 특성평가방법을 이해하고자 하는 연구자들에게 도움이 될 수 있는 평가방법의 원리와 절차를 제공하고자 하였다.


Magnetoelectric (ME) composites are comprised of magnetostrictive and piezoelectric phases. Lots of theoretical and experimental works have been done on ME composites in the last couple of decades. The output performance of ME composites has been enhanced by optimizing the constituent phases, interface layer, dimensions of the ME composites, different operating modes, etc. However, the detailed information about the characterization of ME coupling in ME composites is not provided yet. Therefore, in this tutorial paper, we are giving an insight into the details of measurements of ME voltage coefficient of ME composites both at off-resonance and resonance conditions. A symmetric type Gelfenol/PMN-PZT/Gelfenol ME composites were fabricated by sandwiching (011) 32-mode PMN-PZT single crystal between two Galfenol plates by epoxy bonding are used for the example of ME coupling measurement. The details about the experimental setup used for the measurement of ME voltage coefficient are provided. Furthermore, a step-by-step measurement of ME voltage coefficient using computerized program is demonstrated. We believe the present experimental measurement details can help readers to understand the concept of ME coupling and its analysis.

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4마이크로미터 단위 화학 반응 관찰 및 분석을 위한 미세 유량 제어 장치의 순환구조 제작 연구

저자 : 장원준 ( Wonjun Jang ) , 이남종 ( Namjong Lee ) , 정다운 ( Dawoon Jung ) , 김홍석 ( Hong-seok Kim ) , 정승찬 ( Seung Chan Jung ) , 한재희 ( Jae-hee Han )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 342-347 (6 pages)

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In-situ analyzation and detection of real-time chemical reactions can be a significant part in interpreting the underlying mechanism in very reactive chemical reactions. To do this, first we have designed a microfluidic device (MFD) pattern for observation of synthesis of hierarchical nanostructures based on graphene oxide (GO), conjugating the well-known coupling reaction by which the solution of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC)-mediated coupling is enhanced in the presence of n-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) to make amide bonding, hereafter called as the EDC coupling. Then, we have manufactured microfluidic devices with multiple tens of micrometer-sized channels that can circulate those nanomaterials to be chemically reacted in the channels. These microfluidic devices were made by negative photo lithography and soft lithography. We showed the possibility of using Raman spectroscopy to reveal the basic mechanism of the energy storage applications.

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5Resistive Switching Effects of Zinc Silicate for Nonvolatile Memory Applications

저자 : Minho Im , Jisoo Kim , Kyoungwan Park , Junghyun Sok

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 348-352 (5 pages)

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Resistive switching behaviors of a co-sputtered zinc silicate thin film (ZnO and SiO2 targets) have been investigated. We fabricated an Ag/ZnSiOx/highly doped n-type Si substrate device by using an RF magnetron sputter system. X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) indicated that the Zn2SiO4 was formed by a post annealing process. A unique morphology was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM). As a result of annealing process, 50 nm sized nano clusters were formed spontaneously in 200~300 nm sized grains. The device showed a unipolar resistive switching process. The average value of the ratio of the resistance change between the high resistance state (HRS) and the low resistance state (LRS) was about 106 when the readout voltage (0.5 V) was achieved. Resistance ratio is not degraded during 50 switching cycles. The conduction mechanisms were explained by using Ohmic conduction for the LRS and Schottky emission for the HRS.

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6가스절연개폐장치의 스페이서 내장형 전자식 변압기의 설계 및 제작

저자 : 임승현 ( Seung-hyun Lim ) , 김남훈 ( Nam-Hoon Kim ) , 김동언 ( Dong-eon Kim ) , 김선규 ( Seon-gyu Kim ) , 길경석 ( Gyung-suk Kil )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 353-358 (6 pages)

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Bulky iron-core potential transformers (PT) are installed in a tank of gas insulated switchgears (GIS) for a system voltage measurement in power substations. In this paper, we studied an electronic voltage transformer (EVT) embedded in a spacer for miniaturization, eco-friendliness, and performance improvement of GIS. The prototype EVT consists of a capacitive probe (CP) that can be embedded in a spacer and a voltage Follower with a high input and a low output impedance. The CP was fabricated in the form of a Flexible-PCB to acquire the insulation performance and to withstand vibration and shock during operation. Voltage ratio of the prototype EVT is about 42,270, and the frequency bandwidth of -3 dB ranges from 0.33 Hz to 3.9 MHz. The voltage ratio error evaluated at about 6%, 12% and 18% of the rated voltage of 170 kV was 0.32%, and the phase error was 12.9 minutes. These results were within the accuracy for the class 0.5 specified in IEC 60044-7 and satisfy even in ranges from 80% to 120% of the rated voltage. If the prototype EVT replaces the conventional iron-core potential transformer, it is expected that the height of the GIS could be reduced by 11% and the amount of SF6 will be reduced by at least 10%.

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7트립티센 기반의 트리페닐아민 전자-주게 분자 합성 및 특성 분석

저자 : 류영준 ( Youngjun Ryu ) , 안병관 ( Byeong-kwan An )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 359-365 (7 pages)

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The development of efficient electron donor (or hole-transporting) molecules that can be used in various optoelectronic device fields is highly demanded. In this work, a novel class of triptycene-based three-dimensional (3D) triphenylamine (TI-TPA) derivatives with different end substituents was designed and prepared for transparent electron donor materials. Owing to the rigid 3D triptycene framework, the obtained TI-TPA derivatives had an amorphous morphology with high thermal decomposition temperature. The oxidation potential of these TI-TPA derivatives decreased as the electron donating strength of the end substituent increased. Among TI-TPA derivatives, TI-TPA-OMe exhibited the highest HOMO level (-5.31 eV) which is similar to that of Spiro-OMeTAD (-5.22 eV). In addition, TI-TPA-OMe was found to form a strong charge transfer complex with the triptycene-based acceptor TI-BQ, leading to a new absorption band at around 640 nm. These results can be applied for developing efficient electron donor materials that can mimic the advantages of the spiro-linked structure and TPA units of Spiro-OMeTAD.

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8유기태양전지용 안트라퀴논 기반 전자 받게 분자의 특성 분석

저자 : 현창석 ( Chang-seok Hyun ) , 안병관 ( Byeong-kwan An )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 366-371 (6 pages)

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Recently many efforts have been made to develop a novel class of non-fullerene electron acceptor materials for highperformance organic solar cells. In this work, anthraquinone derivatives, TMAQ and THAQ, were prepared and their availability as electron acceptor materials for organic solar cells were investigated in terms of optical, thermal, electrochemical properties, and solar cell devices. Compared to TMAQ, a significant bathochromic shift of absorption band was observed for THAQ owing to intramolecular hydrogen-bond-assisted CT interactions. Thanks to the fused aromatic ring structure and benzoquinone unit, both TMAQ and THAQ exhibited a high thermal stability and an efficient electron reduction process. In particular, the intramolecular O-H---O=C hydrogen bond of THAQ plays an important role in improving the thermal stability and electron reduction properties. In the P3HT:acceptor solar cell system, THAQ-based devices had more than ca. 6 times higher power conversion efficiency than TMAQ -based devices. These results serve as a guide for developing high-efficient anthraquinonebased electron acceptor materials.

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9유한요소법에 의한 ZnO 바리스터 동작 시 발생되는 열폭주 현상 해석

저자 : 장경욱 ( Kyung-uk Jang )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 372-376 (5 pages)

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Since the ZnO varistor is a semiconductor device, the internal thermal distribution during the varistor operation is recognized as an important factor in the performance and deterioration of the varistor. For an optimal varistor structure design, the thermal runaway phenomenon during the varistor operation was interpreted using the Comsol 5.2 analysis program by a finite element analysis. The maximum temperature of the center measured in the cross section of the ZnO varistor was confirmed to increase as the temperature moved from the lower electrode to the center towards the upper electrode up to 572.6 K. The electrodes are thinned so that the influence of the Schottky barrier is not great. The heat gradient balance is determined to be improved when the electrode of the hybrid form is introduced. The thickness, density, pore distribution, impurity uniformity, and particle size of the ZnO varistor are required, and it is determined that the pyrolysis gradient will be improved regardless of the electrode thickness. When these results are applied to design the ZnO varistor, the optimal structure of the ZnO varistor can be obtained.

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10다공성 철 분말을 이용한 열전지용 열원 적합성 연구

저자 : 김지연 ( Ji Youn Kim ) , 윤현기 ( Hyun Ki Yoon ) , 임채남 ( Chae Nam Im ) , 조장현 ( Jang-hyeon Cho )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 377-385 (9 pages)

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Thermal batteries are specialized as primary reserve batteries that operate when the internal heat source is ignited and the produced heat (450~550oC) melts the initially insulating salt into highly conductive eutectic electrolyte. The heat source is composed of Fe powder and KClO4 with different mass ratios and is inserted in-between the cells (stacks) to allow homogeneous heat transfer and ensure complete melting of the electrolyte. An ideal heat source has following criteria to satisfy: sufficient mechanical durability for stacking, appropriate heat calories, ease of combustion by an igniter, stable combustion rate, and modest peak temperature. To satisfy the aforementioned requirements, Fe powder must have high surface area and porosity to increase the reaction rate. Herein, the hydrothermal and spray drying synthesis techniques for Fe powder samples are employed to investigate the physicochemical properties of Fe powder samples and their applicability as a heat source constituent. The direct comparison with the state-of-the-art Fe powder is made to confirm the validity of synthesized products. Finally, the actual batteries were made with the synthesized iron powder samples to examine their performances during the battery operation.

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1MLCC용 유전체 소재의 연구개발 동향

저자 : 서인태 ( Intae Seo ) , 강형원 ( Hyung-won Kang ) , 한승호 ( Seung Ho Han )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 103-118 (16 pages)

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With the recent increase in demand for electronic devices, multi-layer ceramic capacitors (MLCCs) have become the most important core component. In particular, the next-generation MLCC with extremely high reliability is required for the 4th industrial revolution and electric vehicle applications. Therefore, it is necessary to develop dielectric ceramic materials with high dielectric properties and reliability. During the decades, electrical properties of BaTiO3 based dielectric ceramics, which have been widely used in MLCC industrial field, have been improved by microstructure and defect chemistry control. However, electrical properties of BaTiO3 have reached their limits, and new types of dielectric materials have been widely studied. Based on these backgrounds, this report presents the recent development trends of BaTiO3-based dielectric materials for the nextgeneration MLCCs, and suggests promising candidates to replace BaTiO3 ceramics.

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2유연한 열전소재를 이용한 에너지 하베스터 연구개발 동향

저자 : 박종민 ( Jong Min Park ) , 김서하 ( Seoha Kim ) , 나유진 ( Yujin Na ) , 박귀일 ( Kwi-il Park )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 119-128 (10 pages)

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Recent advancement of Internet of Things (IoT) and energy harvesting technology enable realization of flexible thermoelectric energy harvester (f-TEH), with technological prowess for use in biomedical monitoring system integrated applications. To expand a flexible thermoelectric energy harvesting platform, the f-TEH must be required for optimized flexible thermoelectric materials and device structure. In response to these demands related to thermoelectric energy harvesting, many research groups have investigated various f-TEHs applied as a power source for wearable electronics. As a key member of the f-TEH, film-based f-TEHs possess significant applicability in research to realize self-powered wearable electronics, owing to their excellent flexibility, low thermal conductivity, and convenient fabrication process. Thus, based on the rapid growth of thermoelectric film technology, this review aims to overview comprehensively the f-TEH made of various inorganic/organic thermoelectric materials including developed fabrication methods, high thermoelectric performance, and wide-range applications.

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32차원 탄소 나노 구조를 가진 그래핀 소재의 바이오 센서 및 태양전지 응용에 관한 연구 동향

저자 : 박형기 ( Hyeong Gi Park ) , 김승일 ( Seung-il Kim ) , 문지윤 ( Ji-yun Moon ) , 최준희 ( Jun-hui Choi ) , 현상화 ( Sang-hwa Hyun ) , 이재현 ( Jae-hyun Lee )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 129-133 (5 pages)

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This paper describes why we must use graphene materials for solar cells and biosensors. It has been superior in several properties such as super-thin film, higher tensile strength, high current density, high thermal conductivity, and high mobility. Therefore, graphene is one of the emerging advanced materials because of its applicability in various electronic device applications. We investigated the requirements of graphene materials for the application of solar cells and biosensors. In addition, we discussed the research trends such as transducers in biosensors and transparent electrodes in solar cells. The research on graphene materials and their application will be beneficial and helpful for the near future.

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4결정그래프 합성곱 인공신경망을 통한 소재의 생성 에너지 예측

저자 : 이현기 ( Hyun-gi Lee ) , 서동화 ( Dong-hwa Seo )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 134-142 (9 pages)

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기존의 시행착오를 거쳐 소재를 개발하는 방법은 조금씩 한계를 보이고 있는데, 왜냐하면 산업과 기술이 고도화되고 기능성 소재가 가져야 하는 특성은 복잡해지면서 그 요구치가 높아지고 있기 때문이다. 이를 극복하기 위해 데이터 기반의 인공신경망으로 복잡한 소재 공간을 빠르게 탐색하여 소재 개발을 가속화하고자 하는 연구들이 진행되고 있다. 특히 결정그래프 합성곱 인공신경망은 결정 소재의 구조에 따른 특성을 학습하는 인공신경망으로 소재의 특성(생성 에너지, 밴드갭, 부피 탄성 계수 등)을 양자역학 기반의 제일원리 계산보다 빠르게 예측한다. 본 논문에서는 46,629개의 결정구조 데이터와 그 생성 에너지를 공공데이터베이스에서 불러와 결정그래프 합성곱 인공신경망 모델을 학습시키고 이를 특성 예측에 적용해 보는 예제를 설명한다. 이를 통해 간단한 프로그래밍 지식으로 소재 특성 예측모델을 재현해 보고 원하는 데이터 셋과 연구 분야에 적용할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다. 인공지능 모델의 개발은 앞으로 더 복잡한 특성을 가져야만 하는 소재의 개발을 위해 넓은 범위의 소재를 탐색해야만 하는 과정을 획기적으로 단축시켜 소재 개발의 가속화를 촉진시킬 것으로 생각된다.

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5영상기기의 EMC Debugging 기술

저자 : 송민종 ( Min-jong Song ) , 김진사 ( Jin-sa Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 143-148 (6 pages)

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For the purpose of treating health checkups and recovery of patients in a super-aged society, hospitals use devices designed with a reduction circuit of electromagnetic waves associated with the specific absorption rate of electromagnetic waves absorbed by the human body. In this paper, we proposed a filter improvement design method capable of reducing electromagnetic waves. As a result of confirming the validity of the proposed technique through simulation and experimental results, the following result values were obtained. Applying the common-mode (CM) inductor 4 mH to a calibration circuit, noise decreased in a multiband spectrum. Using the differential mode(DM) inductor 40 μH element in the primary calibration circuit, the noise decreased by 15 dB or more in the 3 MHz band spectrum. Also, applying the Admittance Capacitance (Y-Cap) 10 nF element in the secondary calibration circuit resulted in the decrease by more than 30 dB in the band spectrum before 2 MHz. After using a common-mode inductor 4 mH element in the tertiary calibration circuit, it decreased by more than 15 dB in the band spectrum after 2 MHz.

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6실시간 미세플라스틱 카운팅을 위한 레이저 유도 형광 특성 분석

저자 : 고승현 ( Seunghyeon Ko ) , 오금윤 ( Geum-yoon Oh )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 149-154 (6 pages)

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In this paper, laser-induced fluorescence properties of four plastics were characterized through spectrometer analysis for real-time microplastic counting. Recently, environmental problems related to microplastics have emerged. In order to detect microplastics, analysis methods such as FT-IR and Raman are used. However, they have the disadvantages of being timeconsuming and requiring a pretreatment process. In most plastic products on the market, 10% to 30% of plasticizers and reinforcing agents are added. Therefore, most microplastics present in seawater and freshwater emit fluorescence signals by 270 nm UV light source regardless of their type due to their molecular structure due to additives. Real-time microplastics counting is possible more easily by using the proposed laser-induced fluorescence detection method because of the fluorescence expression characteristic of 340 nm that appears due to the plasticizer of plastics.

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7가금류 농장에 적용 가능한 이동식 중량 저울에 관한 연구

저자 : 박성진 ( Sung Jin Park ) , 박인지 ( In Ji Park ) , 김진영 ( Jin Young Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 155-159 (5 pages)

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Smart livestock, which combines information and communication technology (ICT) with livestock, can be said to be an effective solution to existing livestock problems such as productivity improvement, odors, and diseases. So far, it has hardly been universalized; thus, it is necessary to develop automation devices to reduce labor by localizing automation devices to expand the distribution of ICT technology to farms, and to advance precise specifications and health management technology using biometric information. Weighing scales currently being used in livestock farms are to prevent the spread of diseases by diagnosis and preparation for AI and other diseases in advance, using information on the growing weight of duck breeding. However, accurate values cannot be obtained due to poor breeding conditions. In this paper, we developed a separate data transmission system kit for the weighing scale and placed the sensor on top of the weighing scale so that the sensor wire is not affected by pollutants or ducks on the floor. A display function was provided, and a method of receiving and analyzing the serial port data of the weighing device, and then transmitting them to the data collection server was implemented.

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8제어 및 모니터링을 위한 스마트 키오스크 개발

저자 : 김진사 ( Jin-sa Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 160-164 (5 pages)

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In this paper, through the development of a smart panel (LCD kiosk) controller, contents to develop a system that can be operate in a desired environment by operating the window control and ventilation facilities according to the automatic controller operation based on the set values such as temperature, humidity, sunlight, and rainfall. In particular, the MQTT protocol-based sensor module can be directly manufactured and applied at any time based on various communication and power sources such as wireless, wired, and PLC (power line communication) to obtain the desired data, as well as fire, power failure, and intrusion in the house. It is also a system that enables operation and monitoring from a remote location based on the cloud environment by connecting sensors. Kiosks are currently being used in many places, and the demand for them is on the rise, and an active influx of young people can be expected through environmental improvement. It is expected to increase interest and understanding for improvement.

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9NIR 협대역 투과 필터 응용을 위한 LED 실리콘 봉지재 위에 직접 E-beam으로 증착 된 SiO2/TiO2 다층 박막 설계 및 제작

저자 : 김동표 ( Dong Pyo Kim ) , 김경섭 ( Kyung-seob Kim ) , 김구철 ( Goo-cheol Kim ) , 정중채 ( Jung-chae Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 165-171 (7 pages)

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The SiO2/TiO2 multilayer thin films used for narrow band pass filter were fabricated using E-beam evaporation method. The narrow band pass filter was used to enhance the resolution of spectroscopy and sensor applications with near infrared (NIR) light source. The narrow band pass filter with multilayer thin films were designed with Essential Macleod program. The multilayers of SiO2/TiO2 with 32 layers were deposited on the silicon encapsulation of IR with peak wavelength (λp) of 660 nm and NIR LEDs with λp of 830 nm, 880 nm, and 955 nm. After NIR light passed through the narrow band pass filter, the full width of half maximum of 33.4~48.6 nm became narrow to 20~24 nm owing to the absorption of photons with short or long wavelength of designed band of 20 nm. The SiO2/TiO2 band pass filter fabricated in this study can be used for sensor, optoelectronics, and NIR spectroscopy applications.

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102세대 초전도 선 안정화 층 구조변화가 비저항 특성에 미치는 영향

저자 : 반상재 ( Sang-jae Ban ) , 두호익 ( Ho-ik Du ) , 정현기 ( Hyun-gi Jeong ) , 두승규 ( Seung-gyu Doo ) , 양성채 ( Sung-chae Yang )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 2호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 172-177 (6 pages)

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The quench voltage of the second-generation superconducting wire is affected by the resistivity characteristics of the stabilization layer. The specific resistance of the stabilization layer can be changed by the deposition process using RF magnetron sputtering. In this paper, a thin film made of a homogeneous material (Ag) and a dissimilar material (Cu) was deposited on the stabilization layer of the second-generation superconducting wire through RF magnetron sputtering. We found that the specific resistance was reduced by increasing the thickness of the stabilization layer. The reduction in the resistivity of the stabilization layer led to a decrease in the quench voltage of the second-generation superconducting wire. We suggest that various characteristic changes of the second-generation superconducting wire can be expected through the successful change in the resistivity of the stabilization layer of the proposed deposition process.

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