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대한의료커뮤니케이션학회> 의료커뮤니케이션> 의료인의 경청과 공감 능력 향상을 위한 정밀읽기의 원리와 방법론

KCI등재

의료인의 경청과 공감 능력 향상을 위한 정밀읽기의 원리와 방법론

The principle and methodology of close reading to improve attentive listening and empathy of physicians

정연옥 ( Yeon Ok Jeoung ) , 박용익 ( Yong Ik Bak )
  • : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회
  • : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 12월
  • : 187-196(10pages)
의료커뮤니케이션

DOI


목차

서 론
의료인의 경청과 공감 능력 향상을 위한 정밀읽기의 교육 방법론
정밀읽기를 위한 텍스트 해석의 원리와 방법
정밀읽기를 위한 텍스트 해석의 원리와 방법의 적용 사례
결 론
REFERENCES

키워드 보기


초록 보기

Background: Close reading is used in medical education to improve doctors’ listening, empathy and relationship-building ability, but no method for close reading has been suggested yet. In order to efficiently use close reading in medical education, it is essential to present concrete methods of close reading.
Methods: The development of the Close Reading methods is based on the basic principles of text interpretation, resources of knowledge in the evaluation process and the theory of variation analysis presented by Lucius-Hoene and Deppermann.
Results: The basic principles of text interpretation include data-orientedness, reconstructive attitude, prerequisites for meaningfulness, multilevel consideration, sequence analysis and contextuality, circularity and coherence, explicativity and argumentativity. As knowledge resources there is everyday knowledge, ethographic-historical knowledge, knowledge about linguistic-communicative phenomena, theoretical knowledge. Variation analysis includes substitution, deletion, permutation, insertion.
Conclusion: The basic principle of text interpretation is worth using as guidelines for text interpretation that readers of close reading should pay attention to. Knowledge resources can be used as the resources and argument for text interpretation. And the Variation analysis can be used to verify the validity of the close reading results. All of these can also be used for teachers in assessing and providing feedback to learners.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-000-000932074

간행물정보

  • : 의약학분야  > 기타(의약학)
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1975-888X
  • : 2713-6825
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2006-2021
  • : 223


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16권2호(2021년 12월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1시뮬레이션기반 전문직 간 교육프로그램 적용에 따른 의과대와 간호대 학생들의 전문직 간 학습 준비도 차이

저자 : 김영주 ( Young-ju Kim ) , 김찬웅 ( Chan Woong Kim )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 108-114 (7 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of readiness for interporfessional learning before and after applying a simulation-based interprofessional education (sim-IPE) program among medical and nursing students.
Methods: This study used one-group pretest-posttest design. A sim-IPE program was implemented for 94 medical and 41 nursing students during half a day. The program was consisted of team building games, simulation, board games, and case discussion. The readiness for interprofessional learning scale (RIPLS) which is a 5-point Likert type and has four domains was used to assess students' perceptions pre- and post-IPE program. Also, students were requested to write three words that immediately came to mind when they saw a word of 'teamwork'. Data were analyzed by frequency, mean and standard deviation, paired t-test, and Cronbach's alpha.
Results: A total scores of RIPLS significantly increased from 78.3 to 86.7 points after implementing a simulation-based IPE program (t=-14.80, p<.001). Among the most submitted words by students, a ranking of 'communication' has risen from fifth pre-IPE to second post-IPE.
Conclusions: Based on the results form our study, a simulation-based IPE program provides a very valuable educational opportunity for students to increase positive attitude to interprofessional learning. A variety of IPE programs should be developed and incorporated in all healthcare professional curriculums.

KCI등재

2의사, '공공재'의 의미가 함축하는 고귀한 가치

저자 : 조은희 ( Eun Hee Cho )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 111-114 (4 pages)

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Recently, there has been a controversy over public health remarks to doctors in relation to public health policy. By examining the meaning of public goods and the characteristics of medical service goods for the public implications of doctors, we examine the value contained in the public goods of doctors.

KCI등재

3장애인 만성질환자의 자가간호역량에 영향을 미치는 요인: 건강정보이해능력, 사회적지지, 건강관련 의사결정 참여정도 중심으로

저자 : 박혜정 ( Hye Jung Park ) , 장인순 ( In Sun Jang )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 115-124 (10 pages)

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초록보기

Purpose: This descriptive research study was conducted to investigate the factors influencing self-care agency of disabled persons with chronic diseases.
Methods: The participants were 124 disabled persons with chronic diseases who were using a welfare center for the disabled in Seoul. Using a structured-questionnaire, the data was collected from April 15, to October 8, 2021. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, scheff tests, pearson correlation coefficients and hierarchical multiple regression with the IBM SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
Results: Self-care agency was positively correlated with the health literacy (r=.27, p=.002), social support (r=.38, p<.001) and perceived involvement in care (r=.28, p=.002). Factors influencing self-care agency were education (β=0.21, p=.014), social support (β=0.24, p=.006) and perceived involvement in care (β=0.17, p=.037). The input variables explained .241 of self-care agency.
Conclusion: The results of the study indicated that approaches focusing on enhancing perceived involvement in care and social support could potentially improve self-care agency of disabled persons with chronic diseases.

KCI등재

4향상된 의료커뮤니케이션을 위한 고통과 통증에 대한 이해

저자 : 신성원 ( Sung Won Shin )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 125-133 (9 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Background: There is a Korean expression for 'painful' such as suffering and pain. The Purpose of this study was to define two Korean concepts: “Go-tong(suffering)” and “Tong-jeung(pain)”.
Methods: First of all, it is necessary to organize the considerations on the whole-person in the humanities. Then, the two commonly used terms, “Go-tong” and “Tong-jeung”, were humanistically and contextually. Furthermore, a distinction between the two concepts was attempted for improved communication by health care provider and non-medical practitioner.
Conclusion: There is an intersecting element between Go-tong and Tong-jeung. Both of them also their own conceptually distinctive features. The term, Go-tong, focuses on causing damage and impairing physical discomfort, whereas Tong-jeung focuses more on damage to the integrity of the soul or mind. Through the way of using these two terms, i.e., these two conceptions, more improved communication can be achieved between health care provider and non-medical practitioner.

KCI등재

5간호사의 임상간호인성, 자기효능감이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향

저자 : 공희숙 ( Hui-suk Gong ) , 위휘 ( Hwee Wee )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 135-143 (9 pages)

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Background: Since nursing performance is related to the organizational performance of hospitals, this study was attempted to determine the effects of general characteristics, clinical nursing character, and self-efficacy of nurses working in hospitals on nursing performance.
Methods: The subjects were 150 nurses working in 3 general hospitals. Data collected through self-report questionnaires from January 4 to 18, 2021, were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0, and hierarchical regression analysis was performed to identify factors affecting nursing performance.
Results: In the final model, the experience of the nurse's current unit, clinical nursing character, and self-efficacy were found to be influencing factors on nursing performance. The explanatory power of the whole model was 53.6%.
Conclusion: Hospital administrators should carefully consider changing departments so that nurses can gain sufficient experience in the unit. In addition, it is necessary to develop and apply a program to strengthen clinical nursing character and enhance self-efficacy.

KCI등재

6간호대학생의 의사소통능력이 자기주도학습능력에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김정아 ( Jeong Ah Kim )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 145-153 (9 pages)

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Background: This study was conducted to identify the level of communication competency essential for cooperation with health care teams and self-directed learning ability necessary to solve problems efficiently. Furthermore, an analysis was conducted to confirm the effect of communication competency upon self-directed learning ability among nursing students.
Methods: This study involved 321 nursing students. Data collection was conducted through online survey about the communication competency and the self-directed learning ability.
Results: The main results were as follows. The communication competency score of participants was 3.53±0.54(M±SD) out of 5 points and the self-directed learning ability score was 3.71±0.55. There was a significant correlation between communication competency and all domains of self-directed learning ability. As a result of simple linear regression analysis, higher communication skills also increased self-directed learning skills, showing 38.3% explanatory power.
Conclusion: There is a need for teaching and learning strategy that allows students who have low grades and low major interest, and chose a major by recommendation to more actively engage in learning activities. Since the self-directed learning ability can be improved by improving communication competency, programs for communication, continuity of learning activities and utilization of learning resources are needed.

KCI등재

7입원 노인 우울 환자에 적용한 이야기치료 기반 회상요법의 파일럿 연구

저자 : 편보경 ( Bo Keung Peun ) , 최희승 ( Hee Seung Choi )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 155-165 (11 pages)

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Background: Reminiscence therapy is a form of psychotherapy that ameliorates elderly depression and mental stability. It is more effective when integrated with narrative therapy. This study examined the effects of narrative therapy-based reminiscence therapy on depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and self-integration among elderly depression patients admitted in an open psychiatric ward.
Method: We used a non-equivalent control group, a pre-/post-test design, and a convenience sampling method. The study was conducted in the open psychiatric ward of two hospitals from December 2016 to January 2018. The intervention program consisted of five sessions of 40 minutes each. The experimental group received the intervention for five consecutive days while the control group received standard care. We performed descriptive statistics, matched paired t-tests, and independent-sample t-tests to analyze the data.
Results: Fifty-six elderly patients from both hospitals completed the study (experimental group=26, control group=30). A statistically significant difference (t=2.45, p=.022) was found in pre-versus post-anxiety scores of the experimental group.
Conclusion: This study is meaningful, however, as it broadens the research horizon of intervention for elderly depression patients, especially those admitted to university hospitals. It serves as evidence for nursing intervention for elderly depression patients admitted to psychiatric wards.

KCI등재

8중학생의 그릿 영향요인: 자아탄력성과 정서지능을 중심으로

저자 : 김은애 ( Eun Ae Kim ) , 이종은 ( Jong Eun Lee ) , 안혜란 ( Hye Ran An )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 162-171 (10 pages)

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Backgroud: The purpose of this study is to help middle schoolers overcome difficulties by grasping the impact of their self-resilience and emotional intelligence on grit. Students can overcome these problems through passion, persistence and perseverance. That concept is called “grit”. Therefore, this study is intended to provide basic data for finding approaches and training methods for maintaining internal motivation.
Method: This is a descriptive study that surveyed 186 middle school students in July 2020 with 14 questions on self-resilience, 30 questions on emotional intelligence, and 12 questions on grit. For statistical analysis, SPSS Statistics 22.0 Program was used and analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression analysis.
Results: Among grit's sub-areas, consistent effort was significantly associated with gender (male students scored higher than female students (t=2.20, p=.029), scores were higher when parental relationships were intimate (F=5.88, p=.003), and the closer the relationship with the homeroom teacher, the higher the score (F=3.51, p=.032). The regression model in this study was statistically significant (F=26.730, p<.001), and the variables that influenced steady effort (Grit) were self-resilience (β=.331, p<.001), and self-emotion regulation (β=.290, p<.001), sex (β=-.142, p=.024), the explanatory power of the variable's continuous effort was 29.4%.
Conclusion: The middle school age is the time to discover life goals and dreams. Grit is persistent efforts to achieve our goals and in order to raise the level of Grit, we need to develop and provide ongoing curriculum and tailored school programs that will increase self-resilience and self-emotion control skills.

KCI등재

9중년여성의 D유형 성격과 갱년기 증상, 갱년기 증상관리, 안녕감 간의 관계

저자 : 김혜영 ( Hye Young Kim )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 177-185 (9 pages)

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Background: This study aims to identify the differences between climacteric symptoms, climacteric symptoms management, and well-being according to the D-type personality, and to determine the degree of influence of the D-type personality on the well-being.
Methods: A correlational, cross-sectional research design was used with 169 middle-aged women. Data collection was performed using a structured questionnaire between July and August 2020. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, X2-test, ANCOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression analysis were performed with the SPSS WIN 27.0 program.
Results: Type-D personality was identified in 34.3%. Type D women had significantly higher climacteric symptoms, lower climacteric symptoms management and well-being compared with non-type D women. In addition, type D personality had the strongest association with well-being among middle-aged women, followed by climacteric symptoms and climacteric symptoms management.
Conclusions: Interventions that reflect climacteric symptoms and climacteric symptoms management, including type-D personality, may help enhance well-being for middle-aged women in nursing practice.

KCI등재

10의료인의 경청과 공감 능력 향상을 위한 정밀읽기의 원리와 방법론

저자 : 정연옥 ( Yeon Ok Jeoung ) , 박용익 ( Yong Ik Bak )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 187-196 (10 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Background: Close reading is used in medical education to improve doctors' listening, empathy and relationship-building ability, but no method for close reading has been suggested yet. In order to efficiently use close reading in medical education, it is essential to present concrete methods of close reading.
Methods: The development of the Close Reading methods is based on the basic principles of text interpretation, resources of knowledge in the evaluation process and the theory of variation analysis presented by Lucius-Hoene and Deppermann.
Results: The basic principles of text interpretation include data-orientedness, reconstructive attitude, prerequisites for meaningfulness, multilevel consideration, sequence analysis and contextuality, circularity and coherence, explicativity and argumentativity. As knowledge resources there is everyday knowledge, ethographic-historical knowledge, knowledge about linguistic-communicative phenomena, theoretical knowledge. Variation analysis includes substitution, deletion, permutation, insertion.
Conclusion: The basic principle of text interpretation is worth using as guidelines for text interpretation that readers of close reading should pay attention to. Knowledge resources can be used as the resources and argument for text interpretation. And the Variation analysis can be used to verify the validity of the close reading results. All of these can also be used for teachers in assessing and providing feedback to learners.

12
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KCI등재

1시뮬레이션기반 전문직 간 교육프로그램 적용에 따른 의과대와 간호대 학생들의 전문직 간 학습 준비도 차이

저자 : 김영주 ( Young-ju Kim ) , 김찬웅 ( Chan Woong Kim )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 108-114 (7 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of readiness for interporfessional learning before and after applying a simulation-based interprofessional education (sim-IPE) program among medical and nursing students.
Methods: This study used one-group pretest-posttest design. A sim-IPE program was implemented for 94 medical and 41 nursing students during half a day. The program was consisted of team building games, simulation, board games, and case discussion. The readiness for interprofessional learning scale (RIPLS) which is a 5-point Likert type and has four domains was used to assess students' perceptions pre- and post-IPE program. Also, students were requested to write three words that immediately came to mind when they saw a word of 'teamwork'. Data were analyzed by frequency, mean and standard deviation, paired t-test, and Cronbach's alpha.
Results: A total scores of RIPLS significantly increased from 78.3 to 86.7 points after implementing a simulation-based IPE program (t=-14.80, p<.001). Among the most submitted words by students, a ranking of 'communication' has risen from fifth pre-IPE to second post-IPE.
Conclusions: Based on the results form our study, a simulation-based IPE program provides a very valuable educational opportunity for students to increase positive attitude to interprofessional learning. A variety of IPE programs should be developed and incorporated in all healthcare professional curriculums.

KCI등재

2의사, '공공재'의 의미가 함축하는 고귀한 가치

저자 : 조은희 ( Eun Hee Cho )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 111-114 (4 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Recently, there has been a controversy over public health remarks to doctors in relation to public health policy. By examining the meaning of public goods and the characteristics of medical service goods for the public implications of doctors, we examine the value contained in the public goods of doctors.

KCI등재

3장애인 만성질환자의 자가간호역량에 영향을 미치는 요인: 건강정보이해능력, 사회적지지, 건강관련 의사결정 참여정도 중심으로

저자 : 박혜정 ( Hye Jung Park ) , 장인순 ( In Sun Jang )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 115-124 (10 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Purpose: This descriptive research study was conducted to investigate the factors influencing self-care agency of disabled persons with chronic diseases.
Methods: The participants were 124 disabled persons with chronic diseases who were using a welfare center for the disabled in Seoul. Using a structured-questionnaire, the data was collected from April 15, to October 8, 2021. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, scheff tests, pearson correlation coefficients and hierarchical multiple regression with the IBM SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
Results: Self-care agency was positively correlated with the health literacy (r=.27, p=.002), social support (r=.38, p<.001) and perceived involvement in care (r=.28, p=.002). Factors influencing self-care agency were education (β=0.21, p=.014), social support (β=0.24, p=.006) and perceived involvement in care (β=0.17, p=.037). The input variables explained .241 of self-care agency.
Conclusion: The results of the study indicated that approaches focusing on enhancing perceived involvement in care and social support could potentially improve self-care agency of disabled persons with chronic diseases.

KCI등재

4향상된 의료커뮤니케이션을 위한 고통과 통증에 대한 이해

저자 : 신성원 ( Sung Won Shin )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 125-133 (9 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Background: There is a Korean expression for 'painful' such as suffering and pain. The Purpose of this study was to define two Korean concepts: “Go-tong(suffering)” and “Tong-jeung(pain)”.
Methods: First of all, it is necessary to organize the considerations on the whole-person in the humanities. Then, the two commonly used terms, “Go-tong” and “Tong-jeung”, were humanistically and contextually. Furthermore, a distinction between the two concepts was attempted for improved communication by health care provider and non-medical practitioner.
Conclusion: There is an intersecting element between Go-tong and Tong-jeung. Both of them also their own conceptually distinctive features. The term, Go-tong, focuses on causing damage and impairing physical discomfort, whereas Tong-jeung focuses more on damage to the integrity of the soul or mind. Through the way of using these two terms, i.e., these two conceptions, more improved communication can be achieved between health care provider and non-medical practitioner.

KCI등재

5간호사의 임상간호인성, 자기효능감이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향

저자 : 공희숙 ( Hui-suk Gong ) , 위휘 ( Hwee Wee )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 135-143 (9 pages)

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Background: Since nursing performance is related to the organizational performance of hospitals, this study was attempted to determine the effects of general characteristics, clinical nursing character, and self-efficacy of nurses working in hospitals on nursing performance.
Methods: The subjects were 150 nurses working in 3 general hospitals. Data collected through self-report questionnaires from January 4 to 18, 2021, were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0, and hierarchical regression analysis was performed to identify factors affecting nursing performance.
Results: In the final model, the experience of the nurse's current unit, clinical nursing character, and self-efficacy were found to be influencing factors on nursing performance. The explanatory power of the whole model was 53.6%.
Conclusion: Hospital administrators should carefully consider changing departments so that nurses can gain sufficient experience in the unit. In addition, it is necessary to develop and apply a program to strengthen clinical nursing character and enhance self-efficacy.

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6간호대학생의 의사소통능력이 자기주도학습능력에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김정아 ( Jeong Ah Kim )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 145-153 (9 pages)

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Background: This study was conducted to identify the level of communication competency essential for cooperation with health care teams and self-directed learning ability necessary to solve problems efficiently. Furthermore, an analysis was conducted to confirm the effect of communication competency upon self-directed learning ability among nursing students.
Methods: This study involved 321 nursing students. Data collection was conducted through online survey about the communication competency and the self-directed learning ability.
Results: The main results were as follows. The communication competency score of participants was 3.53±0.54(M±SD) out of 5 points and the self-directed learning ability score was 3.71±0.55. There was a significant correlation between communication competency and all domains of self-directed learning ability. As a result of simple linear regression analysis, higher communication skills also increased self-directed learning skills, showing 38.3% explanatory power.
Conclusion: There is a need for teaching and learning strategy that allows students who have low grades and low major interest, and chose a major by recommendation to more actively engage in learning activities. Since the self-directed learning ability can be improved by improving communication competency, programs for communication, continuity of learning activities and utilization of learning resources are needed.

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7입원 노인 우울 환자에 적용한 이야기치료 기반 회상요법의 파일럿 연구

저자 : 편보경 ( Bo Keung Peun ) , 최희승 ( Hee Seung Choi )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 155-165 (11 pages)

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Background: Reminiscence therapy is a form of psychotherapy that ameliorates elderly depression and mental stability. It is more effective when integrated with narrative therapy. This study examined the effects of narrative therapy-based reminiscence therapy on depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and self-integration among elderly depression patients admitted in an open psychiatric ward.
Method: We used a non-equivalent control group, a pre-/post-test design, and a convenience sampling method. The study was conducted in the open psychiatric ward of two hospitals from December 2016 to January 2018. The intervention program consisted of five sessions of 40 minutes each. The experimental group received the intervention for five consecutive days while the control group received standard care. We performed descriptive statistics, matched paired t-tests, and independent-sample t-tests to analyze the data.
Results: Fifty-six elderly patients from both hospitals completed the study (experimental group=26, control group=30). A statistically significant difference (t=2.45, p=.022) was found in pre-versus post-anxiety scores of the experimental group.
Conclusion: This study is meaningful, however, as it broadens the research horizon of intervention for elderly depression patients, especially those admitted to university hospitals. It serves as evidence for nursing intervention for elderly depression patients admitted to psychiatric wards.

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8중학생의 그릿 영향요인: 자아탄력성과 정서지능을 중심으로

저자 : 김은애 ( Eun Ae Kim ) , 이종은 ( Jong Eun Lee ) , 안혜란 ( Hye Ran An )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 162-171 (10 pages)

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Backgroud: The purpose of this study is to help middle schoolers overcome difficulties by grasping the impact of their self-resilience and emotional intelligence on grit. Students can overcome these problems through passion, persistence and perseverance. That concept is called “grit”. Therefore, this study is intended to provide basic data for finding approaches and training methods for maintaining internal motivation.
Method: This is a descriptive study that surveyed 186 middle school students in July 2020 with 14 questions on self-resilience, 30 questions on emotional intelligence, and 12 questions on grit. For statistical analysis, SPSS Statistics 22.0 Program was used and analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression analysis.
Results: Among grit's sub-areas, consistent effort was significantly associated with gender (male students scored higher than female students (t=2.20, p=.029), scores were higher when parental relationships were intimate (F=5.88, p=.003), and the closer the relationship with the homeroom teacher, the higher the score (F=3.51, p=.032). The regression model in this study was statistically significant (F=26.730, p<.001), and the variables that influenced steady effort (Grit) were self-resilience (β=.331, p<.001), and self-emotion regulation (β=.290, p<.001), sex (β=-.142, p=.024), the explanatory power of the variable's continuous effort was 29.4%.
Conclusion: The middle school age is the time to discover life goals and dreams. Grit is persistent efforts to achieve our goals and in order to raise the level of Grit, we need to develop and provide ongoing curriculum and tailored school programs that will increase self-resilience and self-emotion control skills.

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9중년여성의 D유형 성격과 갱년기 증상, 갱년기 증상관리, 안녕감 간의 관계

저자 : 김혜영 ( Hye Young Kim )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 177-185 (9 pages)

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Background: This study aims to identify the differences between climacteric symptoms, climacteric symptoms management, and well-being according to the D-type personality, and to determine the degree of influence of the D-type personality on the well-being.
Methods: A correlational, cross-sectional research design was used with 169 middle-aged women. Data collection was performed using a structured questionnaire between July and August 2020. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, X2-test, ANCOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression analysis were performed with the SPSS WIN 27.0 program.
Results: Type-D personality was identified in 34.3%. Type D women had significantly higher climacteric symptoms, lower climacteric symptoms management and well-being compared with non-type D women. In addition, type D personality had the strongest association with well-being among middle-aged women, followed by climacteric symptoms and climacteric symptoms management.
Conclusions: Interventions that reflect climacteric symptoms and climacteric symptoms management, including type-D personality, may help enhance well-being for middle-aged women in nursing practice.

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10의료인의 경청과 공감 능력 향상을 위한 정밀읽기의 원리와 방법론

저자 : 정연옥 ( Yeon Ok Jeoung ) , 박용익 ( Yong Ik Bak )

발행기관 : 대한의료커뮤니케이션학회 간행물 : 의료커뮤니케이션 16권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 187-196 (10 pages)

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Background: Close reading is used in medical education to improve doctors' listening, empathy and relationship-building ability, but no method for close reading has been suggested yet. In order to efficiently use close reading in medical education, it is essential to present concrete methods of close reading.
Methods: The development of the Close Reading methods is based on the basic principles of text interpretation, resources of knowledge in the evaluation process and the theory of variation analysis presented by Lucius-Hoene and Deppermann.
Results: The basic principles of text interpretation include data-orientedness, reconstructive attitude, prerequisites for meaningfulness, multilevel consideration, sequence analysis and contextuality, circularity and coherence, explicativity and argumentativity. As knowledge resources there is everyday knowledge, ethographic-historical knowledge, knowledge about linguistic-communicative phenomena, theoretical knowledge. Variation analysis includes substitution, deletion, permutation, insertion.
Conclusion: The basic principle of text interpretation is worth using as guidelines for text interpretation that readers of close reading should pay attention to. Knowledge resources can be used as the resources and argument for text interpretation. And the Variation analysis can be used to verify the validity of the close reading results. All of these can also be used for teachers in assessing and providing feedback to learners.

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