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부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소> Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA)> Behavior Culture with the COVID-19 Pandemic in Vietnam and the Republic of Korea

KCI등재

Behavior Culture with the COVID-19 Pandemic in Vietnam and the Republic of Korea

Le Thi Ngoc Diep , Nguyen Le Uyen Diem
  • : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소
  • : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 12월
  • : 99-122(24pages)
Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA)

DOI

10.31720/JGA.5.2.5


목차

INTRODUCTION
BEHAVIOR CULTURE WITH COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN VIET NAM
BEHAVIOR CULTURE WITH THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN THE ROK
SIMILARITIES BETWEEN VIETNAM AND THE ROK IN RESPONSE TO THE PANDEMIC
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES

키워드 보기


초록 보기

2020 was a year of a global pandemic. It started in the densely populated city of Wuhan in China in December 2019. In just a few months, the COVID-19 pandemic spread rapidly to the whole world. Experts say that this is the most complicated and long-lasting pandemic in the world. The current situation shows that the COVID-19 pandemic breaks in stages according to its severity, with varying degrees of change, but has been basically controlled in some countries and regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Republic of Korea (RoK), Vietnam and other countries. When examining prevention and control of the pandemic, cultural factors such as awareness, task organization and the behavior of Vietnamese and the Republic of Korean people must be discussed. These are the unrecognized factors that allowed for the initial success of pandemic prevention and control in the two countries. This study examines the interdisciplinary research results on the COVID-19 pandemic in the world so far, especially in Vietnam and the RoK. The study focuses on the necessity of cultural factors, which are the “soft power” in this situation, that makes important contributions to the story of pandemic prevention and control, as well as the experience and lessons of responding to the pandemic diseases in Vietnam and the RoK.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 지역개발
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 2586-0305
  • : 2586-3797
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2017-2021
  • : 62


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1An Assessment of the Cooperation for EU-ASIA Relations and Economic Integration

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The relations between Christians and Muslims in the medieval ages witnessed serious disputes and conflicts which reached their utmost in the crusade wars. Throughout history, Muslim conquest changed many territories from Christian to Muslim states like Egypt and the Levant, where the Christian majority turned into a Muslim majority till the present time. In contrast, Sicily is one of the cases in which the Muslim majority turned into a minority after the fall of the Muslim rule of this island. This study compares the Islamization and Christianization of Sicily exploring the similarities and differences between the Muslim and Christian rule in actual practice, which would help for a better understanding of the strategies of both processes and their impacts on the relations between Muslims and Christians throughout history.

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China has turned to be one of the world's most significant foreign direct investment (FDI) recipients, with FDI stock second only to the United States. Even though total FDI in China is substantially large, the spatial distribution of FDI is extremely uneven. The eastern coastal regions have always been important areas of China to receive FDI. Among the eastern coastal areas, Jiangsu province is consistently ranked second behind Guangdong province in terms of total FDI in China. However, FDI inflows of Jiangsu province surpassed Guangdong province for the first time in 2003. Although Jiangsu province has become a remarkable destination of FDI, the current FDI growth rate has started reducing. Therefore, it is crucial to investigate the determinants of FDI in Jiangsu province. Consequently, this study examines the determinants of FDI in Jiangsu province by employing an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model with annual data during 1985-2019. In addition, we apply the Toda-Yamamoto Granger causality test to increase the robustness of our empirical results. The findings show that FDI in Jiangsu province is determined by average wage, education, and per capita GDP. Consequently, Jiangsu authorities should implement a policy to ensure a low wage rate and promote education in order to attract more FDI. In addition, the policy on economic development is needed to promote inward FDI in Jiangsu.

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4Foreign Direct Investment in Tanzania. An Analysis of its Investment Laws

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5Behavior Culture with the COVID-19 Pandemic in Vietnam and the Republic of Korea

저자 : Le Thi Ngoc Diep , Nguyen Le Uyen Diem

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 99-122 (24 pages)

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2020 was a year of a global pandemic. It started in the densely populated city of Wuhan in China in December 2019. In just a few months, the COVID-19 pandemic spread rapidly to the whole world. Experts say that this is the most complicated and long-lasting pandemic in the world. The current situation shows that the COVID-19 pandemic breaks in stages according to its severity, with varying degrees of change, but has been basically controlled in some countries and regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Republic of Korea (RoK), Vietnam and other countries. When examining prevention and control of the pandemic, cultural factors such as awareness, task organization and the behavior of Vietnamese and the Republic of Korean people must be discussed. These are the unrecognized factors that allowed for the initial success of pandemic prevention and control in the two countries. This study examines the interdisciplinary research results on the COVID-19 pandemic in the world so far, especially in Vietnam and the RoK. The study focuses on the necessity of cultural factors, which are the “soft power” in this situation, that makes important contributions to the story of pandemic prevention and control, as well as the experience and lessons of responding to the pandemic diseases in Vietnam and the RoK.

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Trilateral development cooperation (TrC) is an emerging modality in development assistance. China, as a donor worldwide, also engages in TrC. Existing studies have partially determined the characteristics of China's TrC and found that China has contradictory positions on TrC. However, they do not comprehensively interpret and analyze the contradictions existing in China's TrC and lack the support of international relations theory. With constructivism as the theoretical lens, this paper reviews the characteristics of China's TrC, examines China's contradicting perception and practices, and analyzes the reasons for the contradictions. It finds that China's dual identities constitute the explanations for China's contradictory stance on TrC. The identity of a rising power accounts for China's positive aspect of TrC, while the identity as a developing country leads to the cautious one. In light of this, China needs to clarify which identity should be prioritized. It also needs to determine its position on neoliberalism, which is the root of the developed countries' assistance policy, and whether to extend strategic competition with the United States to development assistance.

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Since the 1940s, the rate and level of urbanization in Latin America have increased rapidly, and the resulting problems of housing, employment, wealth inequality, and issues of social security have made the urbanization process in Latin America a typical negative case of overurbanization. Most existing studies pay a lot of attention to the disadvantages and lessons of urbanization in this region, and the consequentialist analytical framework often neglects the socio-cultural dimension of the dynamic process of urban development. Based on these ideas, this paper focuses on a case study of the historic center of Mexico City, and combines the “spatial theory” of Lefebvre with the changes that a city has undergone during the process of urbanization, to reveal an internal perspective towards the urban spatial practice realized by the “representations of space” and the “spaces of representation”. The inequitable development of the central area of Mexico City has caused a squeeze on and competition for physical space and resources. The conceived space constructed by capitalism has led to a spatial fragmentation and alienation. Local inhabitants resolve or counteract this “top-down” spatial violence by constructing and defending their lived space. In the process of growing into a metropolis, a city tends to experience rapid expansion and modernization in the narrow sense and the urban order and imbalance are reinforced by the convergence of politics and capital, while the real face of a city is the result of the two-way interaction and construction of different agents and spaces.

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1An Assessment of the Cooperation for EU-ASIA Relations and Economic Integration

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The relationship between the European Union (EU) and Asia has shown a remarkable increase during the last two to three decade. This is testament to the rising economic prowess of Asia, and the growing economic interdependence between the EU and Asia. While the mutual interests between the EU and Asia are primarily commercial in nature, the EU has in recent years sought to increase its presence in the Asia beyond mere economic ties. The simulation results show that the EU and Asia integration such as FTAs will lead to increases GDPs in the EU, China, Japan, and ASEAN member states. With development in the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), the EU increasingly sees itself as a comprehensive global actor. The EU's search for a bigger role in Asia has to be seen in the context of its own development, but also as a response to the broader geopolitical and geoeconomic undercurrents impacting the western-centric global order. This paper captures the essence of EU-Asia engagement, and then analyses the emerging political and economic forces that could impact the future.

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2CHRISTIANIZATION VERSUS ISLAMIZATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MEDIEVAL SICILY

저자 : Mona Farouk M. Ahmed

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 33-56 (24 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The relations between Christians and Muslims in the medieval ages witnessed serious disputes and conflicts which reached their utmost in the crusade wars. Throughout history, Muslim conquest changed many territories from Christian to Muslim states like Egypt and the Levant, where the Christian majority turned into a Muslim majority till the present time. In contrast, Sicily is one of the cases in which the Muslim majority turned into a minority after the fall of the Muslim rule of this island. This study compares the Islamization and Christianization of Sicily exploring the similarities and differences between the Muslim and Christian rule in actual practice, which would help for a better understanding of the strategies of both processes and their impacts on the relations between Muslims and Christians throughout history.

KCI등재

3Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Jiangsu Province, China

저자 : Xuexia Zheng , Utai Uprasen

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 57-78 (22 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

China has turned to be one of the world's most significant foreign direct investment (FDI) recipients, with FDI stock second only to the United States. Even though total FDI in China is substantially large, the spatial distribution of FDI is extremely uneven. The eastern coastal regions have always been important areas of China to receive FDI. Among the eastern coastal areas, Jiangsu province is consistently ranked second behind Guangdong province in terms of total FDI in China. However, FDI inflows of Jiangsu province surpassed Guangdong province for the first time in 2003. Although Jiangsu province has become a remarkable destination of FDI, the current FDI growth rate has started reducing. Therefore, it is crucial to investigate the determinants of FDI in Jiangsu province. Consequently, this study examines the determinants of FDI in Jiangsu province by employing an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model with annual data during 1985-2019. In addition, we apply the Toda-Yamamoto Granger causality test to increase the robustness of our empirical results. The findings show that FDI in Jiangsu province is determined by average wage, education, and per capita GDP. Consequently, Jiangsu authorities should implement a policy to ensure a low wage rate and promote education in order to attract more FDI. In addition, the policy on economic development is needed to promote inward FDI in Jiangsu.

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4Foreign Direct Investment in Tanzania. An Analysis of its Investment Laws

저자 : Violeth D Nelson , Sang Wuk Ahn

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 79-98 (20 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Foreign direct investment (FDI) as a source of economic development has been embraced by most nations in recent years. Substantial liberalization of existing investment laws has been pursued to promote the seamless influx of FDI into some of these economies. National foreign investment rules, legislation and the legal structure of international investments matter in attracting FDI to a greater number of developed countries, including Tanzania. The control of the activities of FDI in a destination country is seen at three different phases. The national, regional as well as a third stage which requires regulation at the international level. In this article, attention shall be given to the model of Tanzania's investment code for foreign investment. A study will be made on the various investment laws providing for the admission of FDI in Tanzania, the handling of foreign direct investors and their deposits, movement of deposited foreign funds, and dispute settlement mechanisms. Recommendations shall be made where foreign investment regulations are found to be subpar when contrasted with the rest of the country.

KCI등재

5Behavior Culture with the COVID-19 Pandemic in Vietnam and the Republic of Korea

저자 : Le Thi Ngoc Diep , Nguyen Le Uyen Diem

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 99-122 (24 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

2020 was a year of a global pandemic. It started in the densely populated city of Wuhan in China in December 2019. In just a few months, the COVID-19 pandemic spread rapidly to the whole world. Experts say that this is the most complicated and long-lasting pandemic in the world. The current situation shows that the COVID-19 pandemic breaks in stages according to its severity, with varying degrees of change, but has been basically controlled in some countries and regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Republic of Korea (RoK), Vietnam and other countries. When examining prevention and control of the pandemic, cultural factors such as awareness, task organization and the behavior of Vietnamese and the Republic of Korean people must be discussed. These are the unrecognized factors that allowed for the initial success of pandemic prevention and control in the two countries. This study examines the interdisciplinary research results on the COVID-19 pandemic in the world so far, especially in Vietnam and the RoK. The study focuses on the necessity of cultural factors, which are the “soft power” in this situation, that makes important contributions to the story of pandemic prevention and control, as well as the experience and lessons of responding to the pandemic diseases in Vietnam and the RoK.

KCI등재

6China's Trilateral Development Cooperation: Contradictions and Dual Identities

저자 : Wu Yue , Zhang Muhui

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 123-149 (27 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Trilateral development cooperation (TrC) is an emerging modality in development assistance. China, as a donor worldwide, also engages in TrC. Existing studies have partially determined the characteristics of China's TrC and found that China has contradictory positions on TrC. However, they do not comprehensively interpret and analyze the contradictions existing in China's TrC and lack the support of international relations theory. With constructivism as the theoretical lens, this paper reviews the characteristics of China's TrC, examines China's contradicting perception and practices, and analyzes the reasons for the contradictions. It finds that China's dual identities constitute the explanations for China's contradictory stance on TrC. The identity of a rising power accounts for China's positive aspect of TrC, while the identity as a developing country leads to the cautious one. In light of this, China needs to clarify which identity should be prioritized. It also needs to determine its position on neoliberalism, which is the root of the developed countries' assistance policy, and whether to extend strategic competition with the United States to development assistance.

KCI등재

7Becoming a Metropolis: Rethinking the (Over)urbanization in Mexico City

저자 : Li Yin

발행기관 : 부경대학교 글로벌지역학연구소 간행물 : Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA) 5권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 151-167 (17 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Since the 1940s, the rate and level of urbanization in Latin America have increased rapidly, and the resulting problems of housing, employment, wealth inequality, and issues of social security have made the urbanization process in Latin America a typical negative case of overurbanization. Most existing studies pay a lot of attention to the disadvantages and lessons of urbanization in this region, and the consequentialist analytical framework often neglects the socio-cultural dimension of the dynamic process of urban development. Based on these ideas, this paper focuses on a case study of the historic center of Mexico City, and combines the “spatial theory” of Lefebvre with the changes that a city has undergone during the process of urbanization, to reveal an internal perspective towards the urban spatial practice realized by the “representations of space” and the “spaces of representation”. The inequitable development of the central area of Mexico City has caused a squeeze on and competition for physical space and resources. The conceived space constructed by capitalism has led to a spatial fragmentation and alienation. Local inhabitants resolve or counteract this “top-down” spatial violence by constructing and defending their lived space. In the process of growing into a metropolis, a city tends to experience rapid expansion and modernization in the narrow sense and the urban order and imbalance are reinforced by the convergence of politics and capital, while the real face of a city is the result of the two-way interaction and construction of different agents and spaces.

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