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대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소> 인문과학연구> 신라(新羅) 선덕왕대(善德王代) 황룡사(皇龍寺) 구층탑(九層塔)에 보이는 중화(中華)와 오월(吳越)

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신라(新羅) 선덕왕대(善德王代) 황룡사(皇龍寺) 구층탑(九層塔)에 보이는 중화(中華)와 오월(吳越)

Junghoa(中華) and Oweal(吳越) in the nine-story pagoda of Hwangnyongsa Temple of King Seondeok of Silla

신정훈 ( Shin¸ Jung-hoon )
  • : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소
  • : 인문과학연구 44권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 11월
  • : 117-140(24pages)
인문과학연구

DOI

10.46270/SSW.44.6


목차

1. 서론
2. 신라의 위기와 唐太宗의 제안
3. 황룡사 구층탑의 조영과 중화 · 오월
4. 결론

키워드 보기


초록 보기

King Taejong of the Tang Dynasty said to abolish King Seondeok of Silla. because King Seondeok was a woman. This is an official statement to the envoy of Silla. The envoys would have come to Silla and delivered the words of King Taejong of Tang. In the Samguksagi(三國史記), there is no discussion related to the words of King Taejong. However, in the records of the nine-story pagoda at Hwangnyongsa Temple in the Samgukyousa(三國遺事), it was said that if the nine-story pagoda was built at Hwangnyongsa Temple, Guhan(九韓) would come and pay tribute. In this way, if the king of Silla receives tribute from Guhan, it must be sacred.
This sacredness of King Seondeok can be seen by the words of the the Bodhisattva of wisdom. Bodhisattva of wisdom said: The king of Silla is the royal family of India. The king of Silla was different from the barbarians in the east because of the Buddha's record. Bodhisattva of wisdom said that the king of Silla was sacred.
In the end, King Taejong of the Tang Dynasty said there was a problem because King of Silla was a woman. This logic of King Taejong of the Tang Dynasty is refuted by the words of the Bodhisattva of wisdom.
However, the phrase of the Hwangnyongsa Pagoda in Samgukyousa(三國遺事) is the same as the Guhan(九韓) cited in Dongdoseungribgi(東都成立記). The Guhan(九韓) cited in Dongdoseungribgi(東都成立記) are Japan, Zhonghua(中華), Owel(吳越) and others. Here, attention is paid to Zhonghua (中華) and Owel(吳越). Zhonghua refers to the Tang Dynasty of the reign of King Seondeok of Silla, and Owel refers to South China, which the Tang has as a territory.
A spiritual person told Jajang(慈藏) that if Silla built a nine-story pagoda in Hwangryongsa Temple, Goohan would come and pay tribute. At the suggestion of Jajang, King Seondeok built a nine-story pagoda at Hwangnyongsa Temple. This was the will to receive tribute from the Tang, which is expressed in Junghoa(中華) and Oweal(吳越). The fact that Junghoa (中華) and Oweal(吳越) will pay tribute shows the independence of Silla. There is an event that caused this record to appear. It was the logic of Tang Taejong that a woman could not be a king.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-000-001004940

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 기타(인문과학)
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1738-088x
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1998-2022
  • : 404


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Literature shares a domain of art as it is created by the author with imagination and subjectivity. Furthermore, as its medium is language, literature holds the necessary condition of being language art. Then what can be the sufficient condition for the literature to meet the standard of literature? Can we find the unique property of poetry within the literature itself? However, abundant discussions of the past studies came to conclude that the unique property of poetry that distinguishes the literature from the non-literature is somewhat customary and less apparent.
Literature is language art that reflects human life. Literary science is a branch of humanities that requires scientific objectivity and exactness in accordance with science. Additionally, Objective exactness in a study of literature contains logical validity, persuasive analysis, and corroborative facts.

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21930년대 한·중 심리소설 속 윤리의식 고찰 - '李箱'과 '施蟄存'을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김순진 ( Kim Soon-jin ) , 이정현 ( Lee Jung-hyun )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-51 (19 pages)

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In this study, the problem of ethical consciousness of characters appearing in Lee Sang's novel and Shi Zhou-chun's psychological novel in the colonial space of 'Gyeongseong' and 'Shanghai' in the 1930s was investigated. In addition, considerations on literary ethics were also discussed. The two authors mainly expressed the plight of intellectuals as psychological conflict. In the 1930s, Gyeongseong and Shanghai were colonial and semi-colonial spaces of Korea and China in the modern period, and were spaces of oppression and a place where rational thinking was not easy. These two places have in common that they are a space where conflicts that were latent in the 1930s between humans and the environment, between humans and between humans and individuals exploded. Lee Sang and Shi Zhecun, who worked in Gyeongseong and Shanghai, respectively, are representative artists who portrayed the psychological wanderings and ethical conflicts of people in these environments. Through his novels, Lee Sang shows that the most important causes of the fall of mankind are the lack of communication, the lack of understanding of others, and the lack of character. On the other hand, the ethical consciousness in Shi Zhecun's novel is not revealed directly on the surface of the work, but is secretly revealed through taboos that constitute the conflicting elements of the characters. The conflict over whether or not to keep the ethics of the eldest son in the family shown in the novel above, and the desire to deviate from the ethic of maintaining the chastity between husband and wife in the novel Shi Zhecun all require ethical choices. As a result of that choice, we face death as in the novel above, or return to our daily lives as in Shi Zhecun's novel. Literature is not about judging whether an ethical choice was right or not. This is because literature essentially has a mission to seek freedom of the human mind and liberate it from ideological bondage.

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3유추강(庾秋岡)의 야담과 그 계몽적 성격

저자 : 이동월 ( Lee Dong-wol )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 53-80 (28 pages)

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As a person who contributed to the prevalence of yadams in the 1930s, historical storyteller Yu Chu-Gang is indispensable. Yu Chu-Gang's real name is Yu Seok-Woo. He was originally a minister, but in the 1930s, he began his career as a historical storyteller by narrating in the radio talk show. His orally narrated yadam and yadam telling contest, were warmly welcomed by the public.
The Yuchugang's yadams I confirmed include several articles included in newspapers and magazines, and the collection of yadams published in the early 1950s, 『O-Seong and Han-Eum』, 『Bong-Yi Kim Seondal』, 『Prince Yang-Nyeong's Travel Sketches』, 『The Disturbance of Goblins』, and 『Jeong Su-Dong and Jeong Man-Seo』. He not only took materials from previous literature, but also compiled anecdotes of people that were talked about among people into full-length yadam.
Yu Chu-Gang's yadams have a marked enlightening tendency. He inspired pride in the nation through the bravery of historical figures and the will to overcome the national crisis. In addition, he refined customs by raising questions about convention and suggesting scientific and reasonable solutions. Furthermore, he preached the teachings of Christ to love his enemies and neighbors and emphasized the practice of love.
Yu Chu-Gang's enlightening yadam spread the history of the nation to the public and foster a modern consciousness. However, due to its enlightening characteristic could not escape the limits of diminishing the fun of the unfolding story.

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저자 : 최혜경 ( Choe Hye-kyung )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 81-112 (32 pages)

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This article draws attention to the mobility of interactions that are overlooked from a developmental historical perspective over time between the local past and present, between the center and the periphery, and the strength of its forces. It explored in terms of linguistic culture the performative ways that can lead to sociocultural restructuring through the re-experience of local awareness and communication between locals. Local languages form their own borders of perception by means of the unique forms of emotion and expression contained in them, connecting users or creating new boundaries and dividing structured relationships. In this article, I have been inspired by the characteristics and functions of these local languages. I saw that the poetic transformation of everyday language, that is, the act of re-experiencing it in the realm of particularity, could be a way of setting the stage for a change in the local perception and critical reconstruction of the language that has been contained in it.
In other words, the purpose of this article is to explore the performance method in the mutual relation of 'literature-culture' in order to reconstruct the hierarchical local recognition and local relationship derived from structured local recognition. Accordingly, the text of this article meta-analysis of the discussions studied in terms of poetry on local language. In addition, I examined the effectiveness of local languages as a mechanism to recognize that we have different bases of life, languages, and emotions, but we exist together. In the process, it was confirmed that the local language is a "working language" of local members living with local as a living place and a background of daily life, and also a "playing language" that allows them to experience the world view and meaning network at different levels.
Accordingly, it is predicted that local language as a local everyday language can be effective when used as a tool for transforming a society of deversity. On the other hand, the discourse field based on poetry text and semantic networks is considered to be an experiential time when unfamiliar perceptions and different emotions across boundaries can collide and react, and at the same time, it can be a space of encounters and crosses where awareness and emotion can be negotiated. In the end, the article suggests that in this era of cross-section and hybridity, a perspective of recognizing local should be established as a place for reasons and narratives to uncover the 'identity of existence', and as a place to fulfill future tasks that materialize a wide consultation community and coexistence.

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5정체성에서 주체화로: 로힌턴 미스트리의 『가족 문제』에 나타난 서사 전략

저자 : 김인숙 ( Kim In-sook )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 113-141 (29 pages)

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This study explored how the problem of minority identity in Rohinton Mistry's novel Family Matters(2002) was revealed according to the author's narrative strategy. Rohinton Mistry reproduced the problems of the Parsi community in Family Matters at a time when the survival of minority groups was threatened. Mistry felt the crisis of Parsi's identity, but was wary of solving the problem in a way that consolidated its identity. The author explores, in the form of a novel, how to overcome the crisis while revealing the sense of crisis in the community. Paying attention to the transformation of the central character, he superimposed numerous stories with the main story. He also diversified the focused narrators and created gaps in the procedural passage of time. According to these narrative strategies, all the identities emphasized by the community have been turned into questions. In contrast to Yezard who reveals the limits of identity politics, Jehangir is a person who shows the potential of subjectification. The task remains for Jehangir to recognize the violation, to listen to unspoken ambiguities, and to rewrite the story in a way that has never been described before.

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6『등대로』에 나타난 죽음에 대한 기억과 애도

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The purpose of this study is to examine the meaning of memory and mourning for death through Lily and Mrs. Ramsey, the mother-daughter relationship in Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse (1927). After writing To the Lighthouse, Woolf said in her diary that she expressed the emotions she had felt for a long time without suffering from her mother, who had captured him Powerfully. In this sense, Woolf was freed from her obsession with her mother by remembering her mother and performing a mourning ritual through the writing of To the Lighthouse.
In this study, how Lilly, who is Wolf's agent, remembers and mourns Mrs. Ramsay is examined in connection with her creative act. While painting, Lily suffers from a sense of loss for Mrs. Ramsey's death and constantly contemplates how to recreate Mrs. Ramsey. Lily's process of recreating the dead Mrs. Ramsey is only possible through the act of memory. In this sense, reminiscence of the past seems to be an important device to help Lily demonstrate creativity with the essence of the past and build a new relationship between herself and Mrs. Ramsey.
In addition, Lily changes her point of view by reconstructing Mrs. Ramsay through a mourning ceremony, acquiring an aesthetic vision and a revelatory moment to express “the thing itself.” Therefore, such memories and acts of mourning are meaningful in that they can understand the other more deeply by reconstructing the existence of the dead and looking at them anew.

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7동·서양 일월 신화에 나타나는 성차 담론의 반복과 차이 ― 원형론·구조론·위상론과 전복적 여성성 -

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The signifier of sexual difference is always adopted in the Eastern and Western mythologies on the sun and the moon. This essay amid to discuss what femininity would be like as a subversive force to oppressing and discriminating society by reading four representative sun and moon myths of the East and the West: the Greek and Roman mythology of Apollo and Diana, the Norse mythology of Sol and Mani, the Chinese mythology of Nuwa and Fuki, and the Korean mythology of “The Sun and the Moon.” This essay analyzes the characteristics of the gender and power relationship of the sun and the moon in the four myths and interprets them through the theories of Jung's archetype, Levi-Strauss' structure and Lacan's topology. Dialogically discussing the possibilities and limitations of each theory for the recovery of liberating femininity, this essay highlights the fluidity of sexual difference in the Korean mythology of “The Sun and the Moon” as a possible model for the new feminine ethics of inclusion and infinity.

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This paper tried to illuminate the meaning of the Taoist philosophy and ideology contained in it by analyzing the 'Wen-tzu'.
This paper analyzed the 'Wen-tzu'. Examining the “道原”, “道德”, and “自然” sections, it was revealed that the Doctrine of the 'Wen-tzu' is the principle of creation of all things, and that '聖人' is a person of inaction. Subsequently, this paper also revealed how virtue, benevolence, righteousness, and etiquette are defined in the 'Wen-tzu'. The 'Wen-tzu' does not completely deny benevolence, righteousness, and courtesy, but on the contrary, it is defined as an ethical value lower than virtue. The nine rules were presented in the '九守' section and the '符言' section, and on the other hand, the true meaning of Taoism was flexibly presented through various proverbs.
The 'Wen-tzu' contains traces of Huang-Lao School that have absorbed the influence of Confucianism as well as including the rule of the monarch, centering on the theory of human cultivation and nature. It will be necessary to understand the philosophy of the Taoist philosophy and its ideological significance in the context of philosophical and ideological history.

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Like the original 12 Angry Men, which specifically visualizes the psychological trends of characters sharing jury room, the same spatial background by commanding of various camera-work, 12 Sweet Japanese adheres to the formal characteristics of the Grand hotel style film by capturing the psychological curves of various characters amid tension and conflict in closed space. However, following the replacement of the title (Angry), which symbolizes the extraversion of the Americans, with the title (Sweet), which symbolizes the introverted temperament of Japanese, the heavy theme of the original work, which pinpoints the problem of universal human consciousness, which is swept away by irrational agitation is microscopically expressed as a daily issue of Japanese called “interhumanism”. Through this, while maintaining the form of the original work, it is proceeding to a parody of substituting a heterogeneous theme or content. Accordingly, it seems that No. 2, who alone pleads guilty and confronted the remaining 11 people, mimics the original protagonist No. 8. In fact, however, his role is reversed as an antagonist, resulting in a satirical transformation of the character whose status is exchanged between the guiltist and the innocent. Thus, it ultimately triggers a transformation of the plot by replacing the grim court play in which a fierce legal battle is unfolded over the truth of the murder case with a chat play with a light atmosphere that reveals the daily thoughts and lifestyles of Japanese.
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A brief summary of what has been discussed above is as follows.
First, considering the form and bibliographic aspects of this book, it is estimated that the pubication date is from the 12th to 13th century.
Second, there are 55 total types of Gugyeol recorded in this data. Among these, there are a total of 53 Gugyeol types written in Volume 8, and a total of 38 Gugyeol types written in Volume 9.
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4《醒世姻緣传》 梦意象的思想内涵及其醒世意义

저자 : 吳學忠 ( Ng¸ Hok-chung ) , 趙殷尙 ( Cho¸ Eun-sang )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 83-98 (16 pages)

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The Legendary of the Waking Marriage depicts a strange and bizarre picture of life in all its forms. The author's creation of the novel has attracted a lot of "dream" imagery, which not only plays an important role in the construction of the entire book, but also brings a psychedelic and bizarre artistic colour to the novel as a whole. The author attempts to warn the world through dreams by means of ghosts and spirits and to persuade people to practise goodness and virtue; he uses religious theories of good and evil to educate people and to awaken them to life, hoping that the power of illusory dreams will turn the tide and safeguard the decaying traditional patriarchal order. However, due to the constraints of the social environment, the system and the author's narrow world view, the blueprint of the Peach Blossom Garden he depicts can only be realised in his novel, and the social ideal of 'waking up' can only be a fantasy dream that cannot be realised in the end.

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5汉语动物类歇后语主语构词分析

저자 : 이리 ( Li Li ) , 한용수 ( Han¸ Yong-su )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 99-116 (18 pages)

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The xiehouyu is an allegorical saying consisting of two parts or phrases, the first of which is descriptive - a sort of riddle, while the second part reveals the underlying meaning or explains the first part - the solution to the riddle. Often only the first part is said, or after the first part is said there is a long pause allowing those listening to chew over the possible meaning. After this pause for thought, the second part is then said... Xiehouyu are characteristically lively and often very humourous and full of flavour.
The enigmatic fold similes with “animal-noun” as subjects showed themost frequency of occurrence. Others with “ 'lao'+ animal-noun” as subjects showed the second frequency of occurrence. The least occurrence was the enigmatic fold similes with “animal-noun+measure word” or “quantity-word + animal-noun”.
This study can be helpful to deepen and enrich the the Chinese linguistic theories about enigmatic fold similes and provide further materials to Chinese language education or the teaching of Chinese as a foreign language, especially to the compilation of lexicographical work.

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6신라(新羅) 선덕왕대(善德王代) 황룡사(皇龍寺) 구층탑(九層塔)에 보이는 중화(中華)와 오월(吳越)

저자 : 신정훈 ( Shin¸ Jung-hoon )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 117-140 (24 pages)

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King Taejong of the Tang Dynasty said to abolish King Seondeok of Silla. because King Seondeok was a woman. This is an official statement to the envoy of Silla. The envoys would have come to Silla and delivered the words of King Taejong of Tang. In the Samguksagi(三國史記), there is no discussion related to the words of King Taejong. However, in the records of the nine-story pagoda at Hwangnyongsa Temple in the Samgukyousa(三國遺事), it was said that if the nine-story pagoda was built at Hwangnyongsa Temple, Guhan(九韓) would come and pay tribute. In this way, if the king of Silla receives tribute from Guhan, it must be sacred.
This sacredness of King Seondeok can be seen by the words of the the Bodhisattva of wisdom. Bodhisattva of wisdom said: The king of Silla is the royal family of India. The king of Silla was different from the barbarians in the east because of the Buddha's record. Bodhisattva of wisdom said that the king of Silla was sacred.
In the end, King Taejong of the Tang Dynasty said there was a problem because King of Silla was a woman. This logic of King Taejong of the Tang Dynasty is refuted by the words of the Bodhisattva of wisdom.
However, the phrase of the Hwangnyongsa Pagoda in Samgukyousa(三國遺事) is the same as the Guhan(九韓) cited in Dongdoseungribgi(東都成立記). The Guhan(九韓) cited in Dongdoseungribgi(東都成立記) are Japan, Zhonghua(中華), Owel(吳越) and others. Here, attention is paid to Zhonghua (中華) and Owel(吳越). Zhonghua refers to the Tang Dynasty of the reign of King Seondeok of Silla, and Owel refers to South China, which the Tang has as a territory.
A spiritual person told Jajang(慈藏) that if Silla built a nine-story pagoda in Hwangryongsa Temple, Goohan would come and pay tribute. At the suggestion of Jajang, King Seondeok built a nine-story pagoda at Hwangnyongsa Temple. This was the will to receive tribute from the Tang, which is expressed in Junghoa(中華) and Oweal(吳越). The fact that Junghoa (中華) and Oweal(吳越) will pay tribute shows the independence of Silla. There is an event that caused this record to appear. It was the logic of Tang Taejong that a woman could not be a king.

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7비판적 사고의 성향에 관한 연구 - 요소별 비교를 중심으로 -

저자 : 김태영 ( Kim¸ Tae-young )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 141-163 (23 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to compare, analyze, and synthesize the elements of critical thinking disposition. Critical thinking researchers presented various elements of critical thinking disposition. It is necessary to synthesize this elements.
To this end, the study was divided into two step. First step, I investigated the elements of thinking disposition suggested by Richard Paul, Robert Ennis, Kim Kwang-soo and others.
Second step, based on the Paul's elements, I compared and analyzed the elements of thinking disposition. Through this process, I was able to synthesize the seven elements : 'Openness, Objectivity, Fairness, Sincerity, Practicality, Exploration, and Skepticism'.
Through this study, I was able to narrow the gap between the elements of critical thinking disposition suggested by various researchers. And I think this study will contribute to education for critical thinking disposition.

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8프로젝트 기반 학습을 활용한 『동북아협력이해』 교과목 운영 사례 연구

저자 : 강창구 ( Kang¸ Chang-koo )

발행기관 : 대구가톨릭대학교 인문과학연구소 간행물 : 인문과학연구 44권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 165-193 (29 pages)

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Project class can be defined as learning through the performance of a project that is centered on learners and proceeds with cooperative work to solve actual problems or tasks.
This study analyzed the operational cases by applying 'Project-based Learning (PBL)' to 'Understanding Northeast Asia Cooperation'. The subjects of 'Understanding Northeast Asian Cooperation' are 47 students. They are distributed from the first grade to the fourth grade. The team members were asked to join the band, and each team was discussed and the project was carried out through the band.
Each team selected its own representatives. When the professors presented various projects on Northeast Asian cooperation, they selected the project through their own meetings, designed the project, and prepared the performance plan. Then, each team surveyed the Internet and various materials to carry out the project. And each team made it announcement in various ways such as PPT, video, picture, photo, etc, and conducted self evaluation, peer evaluation, and teacher evaluation.
Finally, the survey was conducted to investigate the students' satisfaction. The survey shows that project instruction has more educational effects than traditional teaching methods.

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