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영미문학연구회> 안과밖> 창의융합 시대 인문교양교육에 대한비판적 고찰 및 제언 : 영문학의 사례를 중심으로

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창의융합 시대 인문교양교육에 대한비판적 고찰 및 제언 : 영문학의 사례를 중심으로

Critical Discussion and Suggestion for Liberal Arts Education in the Era of Creative Convergence: Focused on the Case of English Literature

노동욱 ( Noh Dongwook )
  • : 영미문학연구회
  • : 안과밖 51권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 11월
  • : 144-172(29pages)
안과밖

DOI

10.46645/inoutsesk.51.6


목차

1. 창의융합 시대의 그늘
2. 인문학의 ‘토핑화’ 현상
3. 인문학은 어떻게 삶의 무기가 될 수 있을까?
4. ‘영어능력’에서 ‘문제해결력’으로
5. 문제해결 중심의 영문학 토론 수업
6. 여전히 두텁기만 한 전공의 벽 허물기
7. 나가며

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초록 보기

This study critically discusses the current state of liberal arts education in Korea in the era of creative convergence. Specifically, this study examines whether the demands of the times for fostering creative convergence talent are effectively being met through the nation’s liberal arts education. Today, all Korean universities cry out for “interdisciplinary convergence” as an antidote to the crisis of higher education; however, even professors in the same department put up a firm fence around their major field of study in the real world. Widely using co-teaching methods across disciplinary boundaries can help to tackle this problem. Moreover, this study proposes how the humanities can be renewed afresh in resistance to the fiercely pragmatist trend blasted on universities and societies more broadly, how to appeal to students (or the public) more effectively, and what to do with the humanities more immediately, focusing on the case of English literature specifically. It is necessary to have students (or the public) recognize that the humanities are studies that can not only change human beings in the long term, but also meet students’ ‘practical’ needs in the short term as well. This study discusses and proposes a plan for promoting both together, reinstating the intrinsic value of the humanities, and stressing and drawing social utility from such a value. In this context, this study sheds new light on the ‘problem-solving ability’ that can be developed through liberal arts education as an important agenda. Lastly, it shows the ways in which the humanities scholars can better aid and guide the students on the job market through long-term efforts to normalize the humanities fields and higher education more generally.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-800-000829989

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 영문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1226-3761
  • : 2765-5695
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1996-2022
  • : 935


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This article examines the emerging peculiarities of mid-nineteenth-century economic communities as depicted in Charles Dickens's Little Dorrit by introducing the concept of “care debt.” The novel has often been read as a critique of debt-based finance capitalism, and William Dorrit has been understood as the victim of the “wiles of insolvency” which epitomizes the economic system of the era. I attend to the sense of inadequacy that lingers even after Mr. Dorrit pays off his debt to emphasize the significance of the incomprehensible network of care debt in Little Dorrit. This article defines care debt as the communal anxiety generated by the injustice of failing to acknowledge the care work that sustains communities. Care work in this novel is part and parcel of the monetary economy, and it operates as the unseen layer that enables financial exchanges and other material circulations. In particular, this article points to Victorian expectations of motherhood as the major communal understanding that immediately contributes to obfuscating the economic value of care work. While the norms of motherhood facilitate exploitative practices, care debt continues to accumulate in the narrative and protrudes in the form of interpersonal conflicts. Characters futilely try to pay off the debt or obnoxiously pretend that no such debt exists, but care debt persists as a communal feeling that is to be distinguished from personal ethics. By narrativizing the insolvency via the trope of a mother with a secret, Little Dorrit successfully demonstrates the intimacy between care debt and monetary debt. My analysis of the collective chaos caused by the financial system in Little Dorrit eventually involves pushing against the idea of communities―especially family and country―as coherent, comprehensible units. Care debt operates as a useful critical concept that allows us to understand the expansive nature of communal boundaries which coincides with the historical perplexities of capitalist development in nineteenth-century England.

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2루이자 메이 올컷의 대안적 돌봄공동체 연구 : 『일: 경험 이야기』를 중심으로

저자 : 서정은 ( Seo Jung Eun )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 38-62 (25 pages)

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This paper examines Louisa May Alcott's alternative care community envisioned in her 1872 novel Work: A Story of Experience. Critics have interpreted Work mostly as a story navigating possibilities of female self-fulfillment and financial independence through paid work in 19th century America. In addition, they have construed the progress of the heroine Christie from a job market to a domestic realm in the latter half of the novel as a kind of regression from a feminist point of view. This article challenges the prevailing tendency in the current literature, reevaluating the notion of “work” as caring labor; moreover, it looks afresh at Christie's quest as an attempt to re-situate caring labor within the framework of anti-market and anti-patriarchal relations. Alcott's major works published in the 1860s and 1870s highlight the value of care and envision various forms of care-providing communities beyond the domain of Victorian home sustained by unpaid female care service. In Work Alcott criticizes the reality of care in 19th century American society not only in terms of gender division but also in terms of market economy transforming care into alienated and low-paid wage labor. Far from being a regression from a search for an independence to a normative domesticity, the female commune that Christie creates at the end of Work embodies Alcott's ideal of an alternative, non-exploitive care community. Some feminist scholars have been wary of discourses of care due to their association with the motherhood as the ultimate source of care labor. Nevertheless, Work and Alcott's other stories delving into the question of care demonstrate the radical potentials of care discourses as the catalyst for reconfiguration of socioeconomic structure and gender hierarchy.

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3'괴물-아이'의 엄마 되기 : 『다섯째 아이』와 모성서사의 비판적 잠재성

저자 : 권영희 ( Kwon Younghee )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 61-85 (25 pages)

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This essay reads Doris Lessing's maternal narrative in The Fifth Child as a critique of the myth of the autonomous individual and family, claiming that the novel's depictions of motherhood as institution and as experience invite us to rethink the main premises of the neoliberal gender regime. In the first section, I examine how the novel reveals the fundamental vulnerability of life facing the ills of society outside the Lovatt family circle. It turns out that what eventually supports their happy life is nothing but sheer luck, while it constantly demands maternal sacrifice and loss of agency. Recuperation of maternal agency, however, is not what this novel's critical stance aims at. Rather, as I argue in the second section, ethical dimensions of mothering emerge at the pivotal point of the narrative when Harriet takes the responsibility of caring for Ben and becomes his mother despite the impossibility of motherly love. Unlike her husband, Harriet cannot deny the claims of trans-individual connection with Ben. While this may be taken as yet another instance of self-sacrifice and subjection, Harrient's acceptance of Ben indicates the potential of maternal subjectivity that debunks the myths of the autonomous individual and moves towards communal notions of self and society.

KCI등재

4급진적 돌봄과 흑인 모성시학 : 그웬돌린 브룩스와 오드리 로드의 경우

저자 : 박선아 ( Park Seonah )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 52권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 84-111 (28 pages)

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The presidency of Donald Trump, pandemics, and wars have triggered a widespread discussion of care theory. In the era when care has reentered “the zeitgeist,” radical care, “a set of vital but underappreciated strategies for enduring precarious worlds” has focused on constituting a feeling with, rather than a feeling for, others. This article, rereading the poems of Gwendolyn Brooks and Audre Lorde, explores the poetic praxis of these two poets as the form of radical care embodying othermothering in the community. In poems about Till and Glover, both Brooks and Lorde reflect the brutal realities of black people, which are narrated by mothering figures. Their mother-centered voices, whether they were of the actual mothers of victims or not, demonstrate how the poets confronted the violence of black community and how they sifted the importance of their collective identity-based care mostly fulfilled by women. This article goes on proposing that their poems show the responsibilities and potentialities of poetic practices that remind readers of the importance of radical care in contradiction to the self-care, or self-management, of neoliberal society. Revisiting the underexamined poetic praxis of these two African American poets, this article lastly aims at expanding the discourse of care as the driving force of new collective movements in today's world, especially along with the ongoing Black Lives Matter movement as well as the StopAsianHate movement.

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저자 : 김수아 ( Kim Sooah )

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This article seeks to reveal that the existing legacy media and social media outlets are playing a role in disseminating hate speech, and to explore solutions to this issue. Currently, the media are indiscretely reproducing online community postings and employing them to get more views. The legacy media reduce blatant discriminations to merely controversial issues and the social media continues to circulate hate speech by way of algorithm arrangements. Likewise, users are contributing to the spread of hate discourse through the uses of memes, and through their participation in cyber bulling. There are more instances where negative emotions are shared on social media scenes, and users themselves are creating meme-like forms that allow for the easier sharing of hate and discrimination.
Throughout this type of processes, the anti-feminism sentiment emerges through the online space to make feminism a system of thought that must be rejected in Korean society. The media reportings convey hate sentiments produced sub-culturally in the online communities in their rawest forms, and thereby play a role in circulating antifeminist discourse in the public discourse sphere.
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The anti-Asian racism that has manifested during the coronavirus pandemic recalls the long history of Asian racialization. It recalls the ways in which Asians have been imagined as a doubled figure to bear both racial otherness and historical transformation. The anti-Asian racism also hearkens back to the liminal space inhabited by the Asian body, a precarious position between human and inhuman. The Asian body exists as a sign, not an entity, on which a series of epidermal racial markers appear and onto which all the anxieties around the virus are projected in the displaced form of hate. As an anthropomorphized form for this pandemic's complex relation to human life, the Asiatic figure becomes a synecdoche for the unprecedented crisis in its retention of these old racial markers. Chang-rae Lee's On Such a Full Sea (2014) stages this blurred line in the category of race between discrimination (difference) and indiscrimination (identity) through the adventure of a “tiny” Asian girl, Fan. Analyzing the way in which Lee delves into Fan's unique animacy, this paper argues that On Such a Full Sea stylizes the figure of Asia in two ways. First, the writer coordinates, both in the text's form and content, the unique feature of Asian racialization in which the Asiatic figure is imagined as an emblem of crisis. Second, through Fan's movement and its impact upon other characters, Lee also renders the style as a mode of response to affective disturbances of the present and thereby shapes Fan as an embodiment of the crisis style.

KCI등재

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저자 : 김태영 ( Kim Taeyoung ) , 육주원 ( Yuk Joowon )

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Recently, Korean society has witnessed a surge of anti-feminist backlash, intensified in particular by mainstream politicians with selfish motives. The oft-cited term “gender conflict” was used as a decoy to instigate fear and anxiety among young Koreans (expecially men) and lure their votes. Against this backdrop, this paper reviews the popularization of feminism in South Korea and seeks to understand its limits and potentials. In doing so, this paper focuses on the experiences of young feminists residing in the Daegu-Kyungpook region. The new wave of digital feminist movements, crystallized in the act of “mirroring,” indicates the rise of new recalcitrant female subjects who defy the norms and ethics of previous feminist movements. However, despite their online aggressiveness, they fear widespread stigma and its concurrent violence, and feel isolated in a region notorious for its misogynist and conservative culture. This leads them to build a “feminist shelter” to seek consolation and empowerment among like-minded women. Lastly, this paper examines the problematic entanglement of feminism and neoliberal meritocracy.

KCI등재

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This paper explores the themes of North Korean defectors' novels published recently, and examines the discourse of hatred against defectors in the writings. At first North Korean defectors' literature deals with the “conditional” acceptance of North Korean defectors as our neighbors. North Korean defectors, despite their continuous migration into South Korea since the “The Arduous March” period in the mid-1990s, are still usually imagined as “kkotjebi in jangmadang” or poor children who are begging in the marketplace. This outdated popular image, keeping their neighbors indifferent or unwilling to get close to them, drives North Koreans away from the network of social relationships. Secondly, the writings point out the problem of a hierarchical view toward North Korean defectors. The widespread notion that North Korean defectors are taken care of with “our” tax develops readily into the idea that “we” are being harmed by them. The general response to defectors, which converts sympathy and compassion into indifference and exclusion, keeps them as legitimate strangers or guests who are invited by nobody. Lastly, the novels are concerned about the sufferings of the next generation. Children of North Korean female defectors and Chinese men, embarrassed with their identity in South Korea but exposed to an identity crisis and negative self-perceptions, do not receive any proper attention. By describing the reality of North Korean migrants and exemplifying the cases of solidarity and hatred in South Korea, North Korean defectors' literary writings require us to think together about what should be done against hatred.

KCI등재

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This paper introduces recent studies in the humanities that investigate the critical valence of cybernetics in the contemporary world. Tracing the metamorphosis of cybernetics from a war-time computing technology to a dissimulated epistemological frame for the postwar Western world, I argue that cybernetics can provide an insightful theoretical lens onto critical issues associated with the digitization of the contemporary world. The paper first delineates the early history of cybernetics―its inception during the second world war, its basic technical and logical structures, and its evolution into a general theory of all systems―to demonstrate how cybernetics has offered the principal foundations for the technological rearrangement of the world in the second half of the twentieth century. Recent studies of cybernetics have focused on the fundamental influences that cybernetics has brought to the intellectual, cultural, and socio-political history of the Western societies since the 1950s. In addition to this critical reevaluation of cybernetics as a cultural logic and existential condition for the digitally reconfigured contemporary world, this paper also discusses how recent critical endeavors to reassess and explain the cultural conundrums of the contemporary world have drawn on cybernetics to enrich the theoretical conversation. Issues such as the seemingly autonomous workings of contemporary capital, the irony of subjects feeling freer and more contained at the same time, and the meaning of subject and existence in the digital age find new critical connotations in recent theoretical research via cybernetics, attesting to the possibility of cybernetics as a new critical model for the digital age.

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This paper explores the current crisis of local universities, and demonstrates the urgency of taking corrective actions to halt the decline of the non-metropolitan areas. The decrease in the school-age population as well as the students' preference for the universities in the metropolitan area makes the ongoing crisis for local universities. In addition, a lack of decent jobs often leads undergraduates to the metropolitan area. Consequently, non-metropolitan areas, suffering from the continuous outflow of young people to the metropolitan area, are faced up with the serious possibility of extinction, and local universities, impossible to be separated from local communities, will not be exceptions. The Ministry of Education launched a new project to support universities, but it will not be as successful as is expected: it does not make a good solution for the students' preference for the universities in the metropolitan area, and it does not present a long-term plan to fund departments of high technology. The solutions for the crisis of local universities begin with the clear recognition of the interconnectivity between non-metropolitan areas and their universities. A comprehensive plan should be devised to support local universities and prompt their functional specialization in regions, and fundamental studies, which might be weakened by the restructuring of departments, should be protected by a newly established public agency. More importantly, this crisis, if understood as the effects of the natural demographic change, and thus left unattended, will end up with the catastrophic contrast between the extinction of the non-metropolitan areas and the overconcentration of metropolitan area, and thus more efforts should be exerted to alleviate and finally solve the ongoing crisis of local universities.

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This paper aims to examine Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe Trilogy, that is, Robinson Crusoe (1719), The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1720), and Serious Reflections During the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1720), as a meta-narrative that justifies Daniel Defoe's conviction about the British venture into the South Seas. Daniel Defoe strongly believes that Britain's success as a trading nation depends on the successful venture into the South Seas. His last novel, A New Voyage Round the World (1724), is literary propaganda for his conviction about the South Seas where, the anonymous speaker asserts, there are ample opportunities to gather infinite wealth free from the law of scarcity. This paper argues that Robinson Crusoe Trilogy serves as the passage to the South Seas because Defoe reveals in these novels why his island is a failure as a colony, how fierce is the competition for advantageous trade in the China Sea, and why it is impossible to have the favourable balance of trade with China, the master of 18th-century global commerce. Robinson Crusoe Trilogy expresses Defoe's argument as a mercantilist, this paper suggests, that Britain should establish free and advantageous trade with a region where there are favourable conditions for trade. Robinson Crusoe Trilogy becomes the passage to the South Seas because Defoe, through the adventures of Robinson Crusoe, argues this fantastic region is indeed the South Seas. However, this paper contends, through making promises about the future venture into the South Seas, Defoe becomes entangled with the capitalism working the whipping machine, as capitalism operates by making promises about the future (attracting investment/raising debt), converting that promise (investment/debt) into stock, and postponing the realization of the promise while inflating the share price. By fantasizing about a South Seas that is free from the law of scarcity but cannot exist in reality, Defoe implicates himself unwittingly with the South Sea Bubble which comes to burst in 1721.

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319세기말의 장기 공황과 『드라큘라』의 정보자본주의 : 정보조직의 기술화와 단행본 서사의 재탄생

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This paper proposes that the novel Dracula (1896) should be read as a response to the Long Depression that began in 1873 and ended in 1896, which contributed to the establishment of the so-called early Information Age geared by the capital's labor management innovation. It focuses especially on the format of the novel as a single-volume publication without any prior serialization: an innovative practice that departed from the then standard format of three-volume publications for the circulating library with serialization in monthly magazines. Such an innovation in the publishing industry was a part of the self-renewal of the industries under the pressure of the Depression. Bram Stoker, a manager of the middle-brow Lyceum Theatre and a hack author under the old system, inclined to the innovation and welcomed the new practice. Dracula is a story of the fight against the Long Depression by the middle class in crisis, who actively adopts the information technology to be competitive. It is a story of the early Information Age not just in that the increasingly popularized typewriter appears as the crucial medium to reveal the truth of Dracula: the Depression as a mixture of the rational and the irrational of capitalism. The novel also reflects the mechanism of Information Capitalism, since the value of the information created by the labor of cognition, communication and co-operation of plural agents, especially through the labor of the woman Mina Murray, is appropriated by one person in the making of the novel's single-volume form. It is the editor of the story - supposedly the declared author of the book's postscript, Jonathan Harker, Mina's lawyer husband - who has the final authority over the narrative. He, not unlike Stoker, represents the patriarchal middle class that came to join successfully the reinforced capitalist force of the British Empire after the Depression, which was overcome with the aid of the information technology developed in order to manage labor.

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4할리우드 금융위기 서사와밀레니얼 '반(反)영웅'의 탄생

저자 : 조충환 ( Joe Chung-hwan )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 93-117 (25 pages)

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The September 11 attacks as well as The Great Recession (which resulted from the subprime mortgage crisis in 2007) has affected the collective identity of Millennials in America. While The September 11 attacks have influenced millennials' political perspective, the Great Repression has too often determined the economic condition of many millennials through a vicious of bankruptcy, to unemployment, and to increasing pressure to pay back student's loan, and to bankruptcy again. This article analyzes Hollywood films portraying the financial crisis, subprime mortgage crisis, and financial workers through an antihero lens: Limitless (2011), Cosmopolis (2012), The Big Short (2015) and Buffaloed (2019).
Millennials, who were frustrated at the unsuccessful result of Occupy Wall Street, which tried to subvert the financial system, resonated with these films. These films appeal to millennials with an anti-elitism sentiment, particularly against Wall Street, by showing the way that they can appropriate and take advantage of the flaws instead of changing the corrupt system. For example, The Big Short and Buffaloed introduce financial literacy, the ability to understand and effectively manage various financial skills including saving, investing and debt to the audience by characters breaking the fourth wall and talking to the audience directly like an economy tutor. The audience can understand how the financial system works and where it fails and follow how the characters in these films successfully beat the system.
The GameStop incident proves a real-life example where minority shareholders manipulated the stock price of GameStop by discussing it on an online forum. This incident (resulting from discussion on subreddit called “Wall Street Bets”) has become an iconic event showing millennials fighting back against Wall Street controlled hedge funds. This event has been also currently being developed into a movie which will portray antihero millennials while the stock price of AMC entertainment, the only film theater stock listed on US stock market skyrocketed and touched more than 20 times in five months by “Wall Street Bets.”

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5창의융합인재 교양교육 강화에 대한비판적 고찰

저자 : 최예정 ( Choi Yejung )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 117-145 (29 pages)

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The University Basic Capability Evaluation conducted nationwide in 2021 made a huge impact on the formation of university curricula. The number of institutions in Korean higher education has rapidly increased during the past four decades, which resulted in the reshuffling of college education per se. Korean universities no longer exist only for social elites; rather they have continuously expanded reaching out to the nation's broader population. Meanwhile, academic capitalism has come to prevail over higher education in Korea as it does in the US. As the number of college applicants continues to decrease, Korean universities are facing greater pressure from the market and the government alike. In particular, the Ministry of Education looms large as the sole arbiter of their institutional reputation and national funding by evaluating universities.
To meet the requirements of the University Basic Capability Evaluation, university administrators have worked hard to create a “Creativity and Convergence Competency Enhancement Curriculum” within the existing framework of liberal arts curriculum. Generally, convergence education in Korea means interdisciplinary eduction. However, many interdisciplinary courses in liberal arts divisions, created in response to the pressure of the government-led evaluation, have exposed many limitations and shortcomings primarity due to the uncertainty of the definition, goal and efficacy of those courses. One possible solution to the problems is to remove the strict division in a credit ditribution system between liberal arts courses and major courses while continuing to build a meaningful bridge between them in a more flexible manner. Another solution is to revise the current government evaluation guidelines in a way that better reflects and increases the diversity of university education.

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6창의융합 시대 인문교양교육에 대한비판적 고찰 및 제언 : 영문학의 사례를 중심으로

저자 : 노동욱 ( Noh Dongwook )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 144-172 (29 pages)

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This study critically discusses the current state of liberal arts education in Korea in the era of creative convergence. Specifically, this study examines whether the demands of the times for fostering creative convergence talent are effectively being met through the nation's liberal arts education. Today, all Korean universities cry out for “interdisciplinary convergence” as an antidote to the crisis of higher education; however, even professors in the same department put up a firm fence around their major field of study in the real world. Widely using co-teaching methods across disciplinary boundaries can help to tackle this problem. Moreover, this study proposes how the humanities can be renewed afresh in resistance to the fiercely pragmatist trend blasted on universities and societies more broadly, how to appeal to students (or the public) more effectively, and what to do with the humanities more immediately, focusing on the case of English literature specifically. It is necessary to have students (or the public) recognize that the humanities are studies that can not only change human beings in the long term, but also meet students' 'practical' needs in the short term as well. This study discusses and proposes a plan for promoting both together, reinstating the intrinsic value of the humanities, and stressing and drawing social utility from such a value. In this context, this study sheds new light on the 'problem-solving ability' that can be developed through liberal arts education as an important agenda. Lastly, it shows the ways in which the humanities scholars can better aid and guide the students on the job market through long-term efforts to normalize the humanities fields and higher education more generally.

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7모더니즘과 세계 : '글로벌 모더니즘'의 국외 연구동향

저자 : 한솔지 ( Han Seolji )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 172-192 (21 pages)

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This paper introduces the recent development of “Global Modernist Studies” and explores the critical issues this new perspective raises in literary studies. With the increasing concern for global economy and transnational forms of political practices, Modernist studies has particularly been responsive to the new need for a “global” perspective. Alternatively expressed in terms such as “transnational” or even “planetary,” Global Modernist Studies seeks to expand the scope of the field by including so-far marginalized authors from diverse national and cultural traditions, thereby departing from the traditional, particularly “Western” framework that has shaped the defining line of the field. It should be noted, however, that the concern of Global Modernism goes beyond just establishing a more inclusive literary canon. Instead, this new perspective calls for a more fundamental rethinking of how we define “modernism,” and further, “modernity,” which leads to a profound reassessment of how we conceive the “world.”
Although scholars have welcomed such a transformation in Modernist Studies, they have also voiced suspicion and worries about the potentially colonizing and homogenizing effects of Global Modernism. Scholars have warned about the danger of Western-based appropriation, as Modernist Studies enlarges its scope into a world-scale. Moreover, the radical expansion of the definition of “modernity” and “modernism” risks emptying out the meaning of the concepts; the radical relativization about what modernism/modernity means often deprives local practices of their firm embeddedness in the collective world history. Global Modernism invites us to think about how we can conceive “globality” while never giving up the perspective of the “local.” The difficult task of “Global Modernism” would be to avoid reproducing the expansionist logic of imperialism, without falling into the trap of relativization by making a transcending movement into happy coexistence of plurality. I argue that Global Modernist Studies can therefore benefit from a perspective that departs from epistemological conception of the world and instead thinks about the world as an ethical unit.

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10[서평] 이미 도래한 종말 : 조르조 아감벤 지음, 박문정 옮김 『얼굴 없는 인간』(효형출판, 2021)

저자 : 이하람

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 205-212 (8 pages)

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