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건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소> Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI)> Current Status and Factors of Dropout of International Students

Current Status and Factors of Dropout of International Students

In-cheol Shin , Ji-eun Han , Hyo-min Park
  • : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소
  • : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 6권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 85-124(40pages)
Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. Introduction
Ⅱ. International Student Policy in Korea
Ⅲ. Theoretical Discussion
Ⅳ. Analysis of Dropout Factors
Ⅴ. Conclusion
Reference

키워드 보기


초록 보기

South Korea’s “third basic plan for immigration policy” focuses on enhancing national competitiveness through an active immigration policy.
This plan aims to attract high-skilled immigrants to secure new growth potential. To attract high-skilled immigrants, an understanding is first required of the overall experiences of international students studying in South Korea. However, the unsystematic current policies for international students and instrumental perspective on them could be an obstacle for attracting them. This study examines structural and individual factors affecting the dropout rate among international students in South Korea.
In the first analysis, we examine the structural factors of the dropout rate based on official data about universities in South Korea. In the second analysis, we use survey data from international students. Based on Tinto’s model (Tinto 1993), which explains the dropout rate during higher education, we employ structural equation model for the analysis.
(incshin@uos.ac.kr, hyominp@gmail.com, hanji0109@gmail.com)

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 사회학
  • :
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 2508-397X
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  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2016-2021
  • : 59


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6권2호(2021년 08월) 수록논문
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1Migrant Labor and the Prolonged Crisis of COVID-19

저자 : Tae-jung Lee

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 6권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 5-42 (38 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This article is an exploratory study on the current status and prospects of migrant labor in the midst of the COVID-19 crisis. The COVID-19 crisis has greatly changed the domestic and foreign environment surrounding global migration, and has had the effect of pushing the various flows of cross-border, which had persisted before, back into the border. As a result, firstly, the response to the COVID-19 crisis and restrictions on border movement as a result of quarantine have brought about a labor force problem for migrant workers in the Korean labor market.
Although the government prepared exceptional measures to solve the growing labor shortage, focusing on small manufacturing businesses and agricultural, livestock, and fishery sectors, most of these measures were to solve the problem of labor supply and demand by securing the extension of the status of residence of migrant workers. As a result, migrant workers were placed within the dual structure of legal and illegal in the labor market, including their status of residence. Secondly, the vulnerability of migrant workers under the COVID-19 crisis is manifested in their exclusion from the right to quarantine and health, and their exclusion from the right to labor and social security. Migrant workers are living under threats to their physical and mental health due to the high risk of infection in their daily living space, exclusion from quarantine measures, and consequent movement restrictions, stigma, and hatred. In addition, while unpaid leave, dismissal, and delayed payment of wages are increasing, migrant workers are excluded from protection systems such as disaster subsidies, employment maintenance subsidies, and unemployment benefits. In addition, it can be found that the supply and demand system of undocumented migrant workers is being reorganized due to the temporary measures that made it possible to work outside the status of residence. Finally, the precarious working conditions of migrant workers are worsening due to restrictions on mobility and attention that prioritizes nationality holders in terms of quarantine and safety issues. At the same time, it is raising the demand for adoption of new health protection standards and humanitarian support for them. In addition, the demand for the right to health and the right to stay for 'non-citizens' such as undocumented long-term residents and undocumented children is becoming visible.
(taejeong.lee@gmail.com)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

According to a study based on the Japanese census, the phenomenon of "housewifeization" of married immigrant women is evident. However, a survey of highly educated Chinese women who are internationally married showed that they were not guided by full-time or part-time housewives because of the "foreign women's desire for middle-class families. "Specifically, in the consciousness of foreign women, it was found that they were "provisional full-time housewives" who wanted to connect with society and "part-time self-searching" which was a compromise with reality. These married immigrant women have failed to get the job they want, despite the fact that human capital such as educational background and language hinders them from working. They want a full-time full-time job, but they are in a situation where they cannot fully utilize their abilities or work part-time. In addition, immigrant women living in a "gender-role-sharing society" are forced to choose between "men's life" and "women's life" especially during childcare.In order to redefine "housewife" in their own context, they are implementing strategies such as "housewife after housewife," "acquisition of various social connections," and "overcoming disadvantages through advanced education." While flexibly responding to the roles of "wife" and "mother" of married women defined by society, they break through these barriers and prove their significance.
(saihanjuna@nagasaki-u.ac.jp)

3Current Status and Factors of Dropout of International Students

저자 : In-cheol Shin , Ji-eun Han , Hyo-min Park

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 6권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 85-124 (40 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

South Korea's “third basic plan for immigration policy” focuses on enhancing national competitiveness through an active immigration policy.
This plan aims to attract high-skilled immigrants to secure new growth potential. To attract high-skilled immigrants, an understanding is first required of the overall experiences of international students studying in South Korea. However, the unsystematic current policies for international students and instrumental perspective on them could be an obstacle for attracting them. This study examines structural and individual factors affecting the dropout rate among international students in South Korea.
In the first analysis, we examine the structural factors of the dropout rate based on official data about universities in South Korea. In the second analysis, we use survey data from international students. Based on Tinto's model (Tinto 1993), which explains the dropout rate during higher education, we employ structural equation model for the analysis.
(incshin@uos.ac.kr, hyominp@gmail.com, hanji0109@gmail.com)

4Discussion on the Legal Status of Overseas Koreans - Focusing on Foreign Nationals Applying the Visiting Employment System

저자 : Yoon-cheol Choi

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 6권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 125-164 (40 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

It has been 30 years since the Overseas Koreans Act was enacted. Meanwhile, the overseas Korean society is also undergoing multi-layered and complex changes. There are overseas Koreans who have successfully settled in Korea, overseas Koreans who are having difficulties in settlement, overseas Koreans with capital and overseas Koreans who depend on their capital, and overseas Koreans who have acquired nationality and those who do not. It is necessary to improve the legal system related to overseas Koreans in accordance with the changes and circumstances of the overseas Korean society. People's perception of overseas Koreans is still one-sided and biased, so discrimination based on their country of origin still exists. Also, when a negative issue related to overseas Koreans occurs, the degree of unidirectional response to the issue has not changed significantly. Improving the status of overseas Koreans and changing public perceptions to embrace them requires a long-term process of mutual understanding and coexistence. In order for Korean society to achieve sustainable development, it is necessary to embrace overseas Koreans without discrimination. They should be classified according to their specific status and qualifications and should not be treated discriminatory. Improvement of the legal system and policy establishment related to overseas Koreans will be an important foundation for accelerating this situation.
If the legislative purpose of the Constitution and the laws related to overseas Koreans is to accept and treat overseas Koreans as members of the “ethnic” and as partners of the “historical community” who have shared historical experiences in difficult times, then the legislator must determine the legal status and treatment of overseas Koreans. Relevant laws and regulations should be systematically rearranged in accordance with the legislative purpose. It is also necessary to consider enacting a single unified law that includes securing material means, providing employment opportunities, convenience in sojourn, and enjoyment of cultural resources, so that overseas Koreans can be treated equally and integrated into Korean society. If necessary, such a law can also include the basis for the establishment of a unified institution that can promote it. In addition, the new law will be able to contain the responsibility for improving the awareness base of indigenous people (indigenous nationals), which is an important axis of social cohesion.
(felixcyc@konkuk.ac.kr)

1
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1Migrant Labor and the Prolonged Crisis of COVID-19

저자 : Tae-jung Lee

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 6권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 5-42 (38 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This article is an exploratory study on the current status and prospects of migrant labor in the midst of the COVID-19 crisis. The COVID-19 crisis has greatly changed the domestic and foreign environment surrounding global migration, and has had the effect of pushing the various flows of cross-border, which had persisted before, back into the border. As a result, firstly, the response to the COVID-19 crisis and restrictions on border movement as a result of quarantine have brought about a labor force problem for migrant workers in the Korean labor market.
Although the government prepared exceptional measures to solve the growing labor shortage, focusing on small manufacturing businesses and agricultural, livestock, and fishery sectors, most of these measures were to solve the problem of labor supply and demand by securing the extension of the status of residence of migrant workers. As a result, migrant workers were placed within the dual structure of legal and illegal in the labor market, including their status of residence. Secondly, the vulnerability of migrant workers under the COVID-19 crisis is manifested in their exclusion from the right to quarantine and health, and their exclusion from the right to labor and social security. Migrant workers are living under threats to their physical and mental health due to the high risk of infection in their daily living space, exclusion from quarantine measures, and consequent movement restrictions, stigma, and hatred. In addition, while unpaid leave, dismissal, and delayed payment of wages are increasing, migrant workers are excluded from protection systems such as disaster subsidies, employment maintenance subsidies, and unemployment benefits. In addition, it can be found that the supply and demand system of undocumented migrant workers is being reorganized due to the temporary measures that made it possible to work outside the status of residence. Finally, the precarious working conditions of migrant workers are worsening due to restrictions on mobility and attention that prioritizes nationality holders in terms of quarantine and safety issues. At the same time, it is raising the demand for adoption of new health protection standards and humanitarian support for them. In addition, the demand for the right to health and the right to stay for 'non-citizens' such as undocumented long-term residents and undocumented children is becoming visible.
(taejeong.lee@gmail.com)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

According to a study based on the Japanese census, the phenomenon of "housewifeization" of married immigrant women is evident. However, a survey of highly educated Chinese women who are internationally married showed that they were not guided by full-time or part-time housewives because of the "foreign women's desire for middle-class families. "Specifically, in the consciousness of foreign women, it was found that they were "provisional full-time housewives" who wanted to connect with society and "part-time self-searching" which was a compromise with reality. These married immigrant women have failed to get the job they want, despite the fact that human capital such as educational background and language hinders them from working. They want a full-time full-time job, but they are in a situation where they cannot fully utilize their abilities or work part-time. In addition, immigrant women living in a "gender-role-sharing society" are forced to choose between "men's life" and "women's life" especially during childcare.In order to redefine "housewife" in their own context, they are implementing strategies such as "housewife after housewife," "acquisition of various social connections," and "overcoming disadvantages through advanced education." While flexibly responding to the roles of "wife" and "mother" of married women defined by society, they break through these barriers and prove their significance.
(saihanjuna@nagasaki-u.ac.jp)

3Current Status and Factors of Dropout of International Students

저자 : In-cheol Shin , Ji-eun Han , Hyo-min Park

발행기관 : 건국대학교 이주사회통합연구소 간행물 : Journal of Migration and Social Integration (JMSI) 6권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 85-124 (40 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

South Korea's “third basic plan for immigration policy” focuses on enhancing national competitiveness through an active immigration policy.
This plan aims to attract high-skilled immigrants to secure new growth potential. To attract high-skilled immigrants, an understanding is first required of the overall experiences of international students studying in South Korea. However, the unsystematic current policies for international students and instrumental perspective on them could be an obstacle for attracting them. This study examines structural and individual factors affecting the dropout rate among international students in South Korea.
In the first analysis, we examine the structural factors of the dropout rate based on official data about universities in South Korea. In the second analysis, we use survey data from international students. Based on Tinto's model (Tinto 1993), which explains the dropout rate during higher education, we employ structural equation model for the analysis.
(incshin@uos.ac.kr, hyominp@gmail.com, hanji0109@gmail.com)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

It has been 30 years since the Overseas Koreans Act was enacted. Meanwhile, the overseas Korean society is also undergoing multi-layered and complex changes. There are overseas Koreans who have successfully settled in Korea, overseas Koreans who are having difficulties in settlement, overseas Koreans with capital and overseas Koreans who depend on their capital, and overseas Koreans who have acquired nationality and those who do not. It is necessary to improve the legal system related to overseas Koreans in accordance with the changes and circumstances of the overseas Korean society. People's perception of overseas Koreans is still one-sided and biased, so discrimination based on their country of origin still exists. Also, when a negative issue related to overseas Koreans occurs, the degree of unidirectional response to the issue has not changed significantly. Improving the status of overseas Koreans and changing public perceptions to embrace them requires a long-term process of mutual understanding and coexistence. In order for Korean society to achieve sustainable development, it is necessary to embrace overseas Koreans without discrimination. They should be classified according to their specific status and qualifications and should not be treated discriminatory. Improvement of the legal system and policy establishment related to overseas Koreans will be an important foundation for accelerating this situation.
If the legislative purpose of the Constitution and the laws related to overseas Koreans is to accept and treat overseas Koreans as members of the “ethnic” and as partners of the “historical community” who have shared historical experiences in difficult times, then the legislator must determine the legal status and treatment of overseas Koreans. Relevant laws and regulations should be systematically rearranged in accordance with the legislative purpose. It is also necessary to consider enacting a single unified law that includes securing material means, providing employment opportunities, convenience in sojourn, and enjoyment of cultural resources, so that overseas Koreans can be treated equally and integrated into Korean society. If necessary, such a law can also include the basis for the establishment of a unified institution that can promote it. In addition, the new law will be able to contain the responsibility for improving the awareness base of indigenous people (indigenous nationals), which is an important axis of social cohesion.
(felixcyc@konkuk.ac.kr)

1
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