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한국미용학회> 한국미용학회지> 큐티클 리무버 화장품의 In Vivo와 In Vitro에서의 안전성 평가

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큐티클 리무버 화장품의 In Vivo와 In Vitro에서의 안전성 평가

Safety Assessment of Cuticle Remover Cosmetics In Vivo and In Vitro

이기영 ( Kee-young Lee ) , 김민경 ( Min-kyung Kim ) , 김정희 ( Jeong-hee Kim )
  • : 한국미용학회
  • : 한국미용학회지 27권5호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 10월
  • : 1146-1151(6pages)
한국미용학회지

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서 론
Ⅱ. 재료 및 방법
Ⅲ. 결과 및 고찰
Ⅳ. 결 론
References

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Recently, the issue of the harmful effects of nail care products has been posed. In case of cuticle remover, information on hazards of chemical substances is limited and product safety reports are also insufficient. This study evaluated the safety of the top three commercially selling cuticle removers that are widely used in nail care: Blue cross, Zero cleanser and Flower vita cuticle cares. To measure the pH level of cuticle remover cosmetics, distilled water and DMEM. The toxic effect of cuticle removers on cultured HaCaT was identified by MTT-assay. The patch test was performed to evaluate the occurrence of erythema on the patch area according to the criteria of ICDRG after applying the cuticle remover cosmetics (as is). Adherence to the cosmetic pH measurement guidelines, it was confirmed that the blue cross product did not meet the pH standard of the final product of the domestic cosmetic method. When measuring the pH by diluting DMEM with a solvent, Flower vita product maintained a pH close to Neutral 7.0 overall. All three cuticle removers demonstrated dose-dependent cytotoxic on HaCaT cell. The viability of cells treated with 10㎍/mL Blue cross or 10㎍/mL Zero cleanser was presented below 10%. Otherwise, Flower vita treatment at concentrations of 0.5~20㎍ up to 20㎍/mL did not affect the viability (above 70%) in the HaCaT. Of the patch test, there was positive in one case (3.3%) at 2 weeks. It was observed that a doubful reaction (-/+) to Flower vita and weak positive reactions (+) to Blue cross, and zero cleanser. Taken together, it was shown that the Flower vita product have the lowest cytotoxicity in HaCaT cells and slight allergic reaction, proving more safer than other t w o products in vivo and in vitro.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-500-000911041

간행물정보

  • : 자연과학분야  > 가정
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 격월
  • : 1229-4349
  • : 2765-5881
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1995-2022
  • : 2534


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1메타분석을 이용한 비만관리 프로그램의 복부둘레 감소 효과

저자 : 이미선 ( Mi-sun Lee ) , 강수경 ( Soo-kyung Kang )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 405-413 (9 pages)

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This study synthesized the results of individual studies that verified the effect of the obesity management program on reducing abdominal size, conducted a systematic meta-analysis, and then reinterpreted the result of the analysis. Data collection included only individual studies published from January 2003 to March 2022, and through the screening process, a total of K=57 papers were used as final analysis targets. First, the effect size of the d value, which verified the mean difference between each individual study, ranged from minimum-5.7 to maximum 18.994 with two studies that showed significant effects of 8.0 or higher, and there were 2 studies that showed significant effects of 8.0 or higher and 7 studies showing small effects of 0.1 or lower. Secondly, the total effect size of abdominal circumference was 77%(0.77), and it was verified that the magnitude of intermediate effect in confidence interval is a minimum of 68%(0.68) to a maximum of 83%(0.83) in the 95% confidence interval. Thirdly, with regard to publication bias in the abdominal circumference, symmetry can be visually confirmed. As the rank correlation test yields the value of p at 0.0597, and thus p is greater than 0.05, the likelihood of publication bias appears low. As a result of the above research, it was confirmed that the obesity program was effective in reducing abdominal size.

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2약용식물에 대한 인식과 통증완화제품의 활용방안 연구

저자 : 김성숙 ( Seong-suk Kim ) , 박철호 ( Cheol-ho Park )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 414-426 (13 pages)

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This study was conducted to investigate and analyze the lifestyle of modern people and the awareness, knowledge, and use status of medicinal plants for pain relief according to body parts. The subjects of the study were 400 men and women in their 20s and 60s or less in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Data analysis was performed by calculating and analyzing descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and Cronbach's α using the SPSS statistical package 21.0 version, and cross-analysis and t-test were performed. As a result of the study, interest and preference for medicinal plants with pain relief effects were high, but awareness that medicinal plants are effective for pain was found to be insufficient. In addition, it was studied that products using medicinal plants did not have various purchase paths and lacked product diversity. Therefore, it can be said that it has a meaning as a study in a positive aspect that is contrary to the previous researchers on the perception of the use of medicinal plants. This study is expected to be used as basic data for the development of the beauty industry and the product industry using medicinal plants if products that help relieve pain are developed using medicinal plants.

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3여대생의 화장품 구매행동이 코로나 19(COVID-19) 전후 메이크업 정도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 허은서 ( Eun-seo Heo ) , 김선형 ( Sun-hyoung Kim )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 427-438 (12 pages)

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This study attempted to investigate the influence of cosmetics purchase behavior on Makeup before and after the COVID-19 pandemic against college women, and the results found the followings: First, after the COVID-19 outbreak, base Makeup, color Makeup, lip Makeup, cheek Makeup and contour Makeup decreased while basic Makeup increased. Second, concerning the effects of cosmetics purchase behavior on Makeup before and after the COVID-19 pandemic, 'trend-pursuing purchase' and 'conspicuous purchase' had a positive influence on Makeup before the COVID-19 outbreak with statistical significance. In addition, 'trend-pursuing purchase', 'brand-oriented habitual purchase' and 'rational purchase' revealed a positive effect on Makeup after the worldwide pandemic with statistical significance. In sum, college women's cosmetics purchase behavior have had an influence on their Makeup before and after the COVID- 19 pandemic. It is anticipated that the study results would be helpful in developing sales strategies as basic data for cosmetics development and marketing.

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4한국영화 캐릭터 이미지 구현요소가 관객의 관람만족과 몰입 및 행동의도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 이서현 ( Seo-hyun Lee ) , 최에스더 ( Esther Choi ) , 권오혁 ( Oh-hyeok Kwon )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 439-448 (10 pages)

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In Korean movies, general makeup and special makeup maximize reality and immersion as an expression of external images of a character in the movies, with the development of visual media and increasing opportunities to experience various video contents. This study aimed to identify the impact of the character image implementation elements in Korean movies with special makeup technique on viewing immersion and behavioral intention and provide a theoretical model for analyzing the movies with general makeup and special makeup. To achieve this, this study conducted a survey of 617 male and female viewers aged teens or higher who viewed Korean movies with special makeup technique and made an empirical analysis with SPSS WIN 21.0. The findings can be summarized as follows: First, as a result of analyzing the impact of the character image implementation elements in Korean movies with special makeup technique on viewing immersion and behavioral intention, it appeared that viewing immersion had a significant positive (+) impact on general makeup, costume, and special makeup and that behavioral intention had a significant positive (+) impact on general makeup, special makeup, hair, and costume. Second, as a result of analyzing the impact of viewing immersion on behavioral intention, it appeared that viewing immersion had a significant positive (+) on behavioral intention. It appeared that character image implementation elements in Korean movies with special makeup technique had a positive impact on viewing immersion and behavioral intention. It is expected that replicating an atmosphere or accident in the movie more realistically and using character image implementation elements that are based on new materials and techniques and various technologies with the development of genres in the future can create more viewers continuously.

KCI등재

5헤어살롱 서비스 스케이프가 재방문의도에 미치는 영향: 전환비용의 조절효과

저자 : 엄지애 ( Ji-ae Uhm ) , 박은준 ( Eun-jun Park )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 449-458 (10 pages)

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This study was conducted to verify the moderating effect of switching costs on the effect on hair salon service scape on revisit intention. The subjects of this study were 1,380 beauty salon customers, and data were collected through self-response questionnaires on service scape, switching costs and revisit intention. The research methods are as follows. First, frequency analysis was performed to examine the general characteristics of the study subjects. Second, reliability was verified by calculating reliability coefficients of service scape, revisit intention and conversion cost. Third, correlation analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between service scape, revisit intention and conversion cost. Fourth, multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine the effect of service scape and conversion costs on revisit intention. Finally, hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to verify the moderating effect of conversion costs in the effect of service scape on revisit intention. The results of this study were as follows. First, a significant positive correlation was found between service scape, switching costs, and revisit intention. Second, service scape and switching costs had a significant positive effect on revisit intention. Third, in the effect of service scape on revisit intention, switching costs showed a moderating effect. Based on the results of this study, ways to increase the revisit intention of hair salon customers were discussed.

KCI등재

6자하 하디드 건축의 조형적 특성을 응용한 헤어디자인 연구

저자 : 서선민 ( Sun-min Seo ) , 이명주 ( Myoung-joo Lee )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 459-468 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to analyze constitutive and geometric formativeness from architecture designed by Zaha Hadid. We made total 4 hair design work based on analysis and the result are as follows. First, We analyze Zaha Hadid's formativeness according to period of beginning, middle and latter in order to understand background of formation. At the beginning, the architecture was effected by de-constructivism so it features atypically geometric structure with dynamical- diagonal line. At the middle, irregular curves shows dynamic and the combination of porosity and systematic shows formativeness. At the end, the structure shows more curve used flexibly. Second, We analyze Zaha Hadid's 4 representative architecture and realize that the architecture shows flexible and informal feature due to diagonal wall, leaned-column, systematic curve, repeated diagonal line and curve. Third, we are motivated by Zaha Hadid's 4 representative architecture and finally make creative hair design work. Work 1 is motivated by Vitra Fire Station that features sharp direction and asymmetry. Work 1 shows informal beauty of a sculpture. Work 2 is motivated by Galaxy Soho that features repeated and intersected soft and curve. Work 2 shows repeated and successive pattern in three dimension. Work 3 is motivated by Heydar Aliyev Cultural Centre that features flexible curve. Work 3 shows a sense of balance with S and C curve overlapped. Work 4 is motivated by Dongdaemun Design Plaza that features harmony of irregular and asymmetric. Work 4 shows soft and rhythmical beauty by using smooth and gross texture together. Additionally It has voluminous style and an air of mystery thanks to ash blue color. The research is to make creative hair design work motivated by Zaha Hadid's architecture. The preceding research of hair design which has something to do with architecture is limited, specially when with Zaha Hadid's architecture. The significance of research is to develop creative hair design.

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7헤어미용전공 대학생의 진로준비행동과 전공몰입의 관계에서 진로스트레스의 매개효과

저자 : 정희영 ( Hee-young Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 469-480 (12 pages)

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In this study, the effect of Career preparation behavior of college students majoring in hair design on major immersion is analyzed, and it is intended to verify whether Career stress plays a mediating role between career preparation behavior and major immersion. Through this, it is intended to clarify the influence relationship between variables and suggest measures to improve students' immersion in their major. For the study, 250 questionnaires were distributed and collected from April 15 to May 30, 2021, to college students majoring in hair design at universities located in Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do, and a total of 243 copies were used for analysis. Frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, t-test, and one-way batch variance analysis were conducted using SPSS 26.0K, and the mediating effect was tested by applying Process Macro Model 4. As a result of the study, the total effect of Career preparation behavior on Immersion in major is B=.42 (p<.001), but when the parameter Career stress was introduced, the direct effect of Career preparation behavior on Immersion in major was reduced to B=.37 (p<.001), confirming that Career stress plays a mediating role. Therefore, in order to improve the immersion of college students majoring in hairdressing, it is necessary to provide an environment to overcome career stress by allowing students to actively prepare for their careers through various activities related to their majors, such as certification acquisition guidance.

KCI등재

8미용사의 진로 적응성이 조직문화에 미치는 영향

저자 : 박계희 ( Kye-hee Park ) , 차경희 ( Kyung-hee Cha )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 481-488 (8 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to present basic data that can be prepared for ways to increase the career adaptability and organizational culture of hairdressers in a positive direction by examining how the career adaptability of hairdressers affects the organizational culture. There were statistically significant results in the confidence and curiosity of career adaptability, interest in the future, and self-control. Career adaptability of hairdressers can be said to be an important variable in organizational culture. Therefore, in the beauty industry to enhance the organizational culture of hairdressers, a positive organizational culture will be formed if strategic organizational goals are set and the competency of hairdressers is strengthened. Although this study was conducted with limited research subjects and variables, it is hoped that a comprehensive and practical study that considers various variables will continue in follow-up studies.

KCI등재

920세~40세 헤어종사자의 사회성숙도가 조직문화와 이직의도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 강금이 ( Jin-yi Jiang ) , 박은준 ( En-jun Park )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 489-499 (11 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to examine the social and organizational culture of hair beauty workers and the impact of turnover, and to provide basic data on ways to improve the organizational culture of hair beauty workers and reduce the degree of turnover. The sub-factors of social goodness of hair beauty workers were shown to be four sub-factors of interpersonal relationships, ability, community, and social response, and organizational culture appeared as related cultures, cultural orientations, and oriented cultures. In addition, the degree of turnover was found to be three factors: job-related, personal, and external environment. The sociality of hair beauty workers is an important variable in organizational culture and turnover. Therefore, if we seek a strategic direction to increase the organizational culture of hair beauty workers and to familiarise ourselves with the direction of turnover, it is said that the turnover of hair beauty workers will be lowered. This study was conducted with limited subjects and variables, but subsequent studies hope that comprehensive and practical studies will continue considering various variables.

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10세계출전 미인대회와 국내 미인대회의 메이크업과 헤어스타일 비교분석

저자 : 김정혜 ( Jung-hye Kim )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 28권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 500-508 (9 pages)

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This study is about beauty style focused on the grand prize winner of the Miss World Korea contest held independently in 2011 being separated from Miss Korea contest, the winners of the Miss Queen Korea contest called national representative beauty trio, and Mis Jin who is the main winner Miss Korea contest. It was conducted through comparative analysis of makeup and hairstyles in world beauty contests and domestic beauty contests. Comparing and analyzing different patterns through the characteristics of makeup and hairstyles in international beauty contests and domestic beauty contests is expected to be used as a source of new pattern research and a material of marketing in beauty industry in the future and there is a purpose that it contributes to the provocation for Korea to be a global beauty powerhouse. The makeup and hairstyles of beauties were analyzed using research papers books, Miss Queen Korea site, photo collection of Miss Korea site, Internet search, and interviews with contestants and other winners. As a result of the analysis, the world beauty pageant has a more apparent shading and smoky makeup to express sexy with boldness overly emphasizing the eye hole, and the hairstyle is also definitely given back comb to be exaggeratedly inflated, making the face look small, and the western image of a seductive style. The domestic beauty pageant broke away from the flashy and shady makeup of the past and changed to an elegant and calm natural makeup style, and the hair style was also changed from being expanded and inflated to calm and oriental image of intellectual and announcer. In previous studies, there was a close relationship between the trend beauty style and the beauty style of the beauty pageant, but in particular, in the case of the international beauty pageant, the trend and the beauty style of the beauty contest were expressed in a different form due to disimilar needs against the past, and there was no significant relationship.

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KCI등재

1상사의 성격특성과 조직애착의 관계에서 LMX의 매개효과

저자 : 김경희 ( Kyung-hee Kim ) , 차경희 ( Kyoung-hee Cha ) , 박은준 ( Eun-jun Pack )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1075-1085 (11 pages)

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Therefore, the purpose of this study is to study organizational attachment and Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) according to the personality traits of leaders in the beauty salon industry in order to provide basic data for providing better working environment and maintaining stabilized employment. This study studied the impact of the personality traits of superiors in the beauty salon industry on LMX through surveys for beauty salon industry workers residing in Seoul Metropolitan City and Gyeonggi Province, and found that diligence, extroversion, stability, friendliness, and openness had a significant positive effect (+); diligence, stability, friendliness, and openness of superiors in the beauty salon industry had significant positive impact (+) on organizational attachment; and mediation effect was found for LMX in the correlation of personality traits of superiors in beauty salon industry and organizational attachment. This shows that superiors who are diligent and adhere to organizational rules may extend to organizational attachment, and that good Leader- Member Exchange (LMX) may lead to help in many aspects in work. Carrying out job-training through individual personality tests and having a horizontal communication system will be able to provide emotional stability and sense of belonging to employees, boosting work efficiency. This paper hopes that based on the results of this study, continuous study will be carried out to complement results, ultimately being utilized in stable state of employment and long service with the organizational attachment of beauty salon industry employees. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to study organizational attachment and Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) according to the personality traits of leaders in the beauty salon industry in order to provide basic data for providing better working environment and maintaining stabilized employment.

KCI등재

2헤어미용종사자의 외로움이 업무몰입, 우울증에 미치는 영향

저자 : 안은수 ( Eun-su An ) , 진용미 ( Yong-mi Jin )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1086-1094 (9 pages)

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Research on the stress and loneliness felt by Hairdresser, their work immersion, and their effects on depression is as important as research on customer management and is essential for the efficient management of the beauty industry. Therefore, frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis were conducted to find out the relationship between work immersion and depression of beauty workers, and a total of 295 copies were used. The results of the study are as follows. First, as loneliness increases, work immersion decreases. Second, as loneliness increases, depression increases. In order to reduce loneliness, personal time should be secured through free communication and troubleshooting through Sns and beauty communities, rest time, holidays and monthly leave guarantees, and if these improve, work immersion will increase and depression will decrease. It is expected that subsequent research will continue with various variables through age diversification and segmentation of majors in the future.

KCI등재

3헤어살롱의 서비스 품질 및 인지적·감정적 반응이 재방문의도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 엄지애 ( Ji-ae Uhm ) , 박은준 ( Eun-jun Park )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1095-1104 (10 pages)

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This study was conducted to verify the mediating effect of cognitive and emotional responses in the effect of hair salon service quality on customer's revisit intention. The subjects of this study were 482 hair salon customers, and data were collected through self-response questionnaire on service quality, revisit intention, and cognitive and emotional responses. The results of this study are as follows. First, there was a significant positive correlation between service quality, revisit intention, and cognitive and emotional responses. Second, technical quality and interaction quality of service quality had a significant positive effect on revisit intention. Third, the mediating effect of cognitive response was verified in the relationship between service quality and revisit intention. Fourth, there was a mediating effect of emotional response in the relationship between service quality and revisit intention. Based on the results of this study, a plan to increase the revisit intention of hair salon customers was discussed.

KCI등재

4뷰티 서비스 종사자의 직무배태성, 직무자율성 및 직무성과간의 관계

저자 : 임미지 ( Mi-ji Lim ) , 박은준 ( Eun-jun Park )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1105-1114 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of beauty service workers' job embeddedness and job autonomy on job result. Based on this, the purpose of this study is to present a management strategy for efficient management. In this study, a total of 500 questionnaires for beauty workers working in Seoul were used for the final analysis. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS 22.0. Frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis were used. The research results are as follows. First, In terms of demographic characteristics, women and their twenties were the highest, and the job-level ranks were the highest. Second, as a result of examining the effect of job embeddedness of beauty service workers on job autonomy, it was found that sacrifice, connection, and suitability affect job autonomy. Third, as a result of examining the effect of job embeddedness on job result, it was found that job embeddedness affects job result. Fourth, as a result of examining the effect of job autonomy on job result, it was found that it partially affected job result. Therefore, if beauty service workers lead the long-term work of the workers by giving them the authority to make autonomous decisions on service work, presenting appropriate compensation according to work performance, and opening the possibility for promotion, efficient management can be drawn.

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5중등 미용 교사의 교직경력별 핵심역량 수준 및 차이 분석

저자 : 정수진 ( Su-jin Jeong ) , 김서희 ( Seo-heui Kim )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1115-1122 (8 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to analyze how the level of teacher core competency differs according to the teaching experience of a beauty school teacher. A survey was conducted to analyze the core competencies of beauty teachers. The analysis method is a one-way ANOVA. As a result of analyzing the core competency level of beauty teachers, 'executive competency' was the highest, followed by 'attitude competency', 'knowledge competency'. In the case of knowledge, compared to 'theoretical knowledge of the major and the major subject in charge', 'practical ability for the major and the major subject in charge', 'the ability to apply teaching and learning evaluation related to the major', 'the professor related to the major', 'Learning evaluation development ability' was evaluated low, In the case of performance, the average was slightly higher than that of knowledge and attitude in all competencies, and the level of 'the ability to instruct students to acquire a certificate related to a major' was evaluated high. In terms of attitude, 'the ability to communicate smoothly with peers' was high. As a conclusion of this study, it was found that in order to respond to the internal and external beauty subject education environment and increase the quality change of beauty subject education, It is necessary to strengthen the competence of professional beauty teachers.

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6미용기능장 구성제도에 관한 인식이 미용종사자의 직무만족에 및 이직의도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김유정 ( Yoo-jung Kim ) , 진용미 ( Yong-mi Jin )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1123-1131 (9 pages)

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As the beauty industry grows and the level of beauty technology increases, companies must deploy highly qualified workers, among whom beauty salons are certificates obtained by the best technology hairdressers in the beauty field, but they require high technology, time and cost, but have low acceptance and recognition. Therefore, in this study, we sought to investigate the effect of beauty salon perceptions on compositional systems, job satisfaction and turnover intentions for general hairdressers, and analyzed a total of 289 copies using SPSS21.0 as a self-entry survey. First, female managers in their 40s, who earn more than 5 million won with more than seven years of experience, and secondly, the necessity, adequacy, complement, job satisfaction, and turnover were derived in a single dimension. Third, due to the effect of recognition of beauty functional systems on the composition of beauty functional testing systems, the higher the propensity for recognition, the higher the propensity for appropriateness, and the higher the propensity for subsidiarity. Fourth, job satisfaction showed a fifth definition relationship with a higher propensity for awareness, and a higher tendency for turnover meant a definition relationship with a higher propensity for awareness. As such, it is very important to raise awareness of beauty salons in order to develop the beauty industry and improve advanced technology, and efforts should be made to establish a system to revitalize the beauty salons' system on-site.

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7버섯을 모티브로 한 응용 업스타일 연구

저자 : 성금주 ( Gum-ju Sung ) , 진용미 ( Yong-mi Jin )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1132-1138 (7 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to provide possibility and scalability for the creation of an artistic and original modern up-style in subsequent studies by applying the mushroom form. The four works were created by applying various kinds of mushroom images by combining the components of up-style design, the principles of design, and up-style techniques. As a result, the first piece was produced with a three-dimensional texture by raising the hair little by little. Art 2 uses black hair to create a distinct line of shape, creating a splendid refinement. Art 3 shows classic beauty and elegance by braiding to express the mesh-shaped characteristics of mushrooms. The wave shape of mushrooms in Figure 4 shows richness and rhythm through wave continuity and movement. The conclusion is that the design can be produced and applied with harmony and balance by applying up-style techniques by utilizing the characteristics of various kinds of mushrooms. And I could see that the up-style design has a texture and eye-catching effect depending on the color. In future research, we look forward to the possibility of satisfying customers' needs and expectations by studying infinite designs that can express the elegance and beauty of up-style.

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8빅데이터와 사회연결망 분석을 활용한 타투에 관한 사회현상 분석 -최근 1년간 뉴스 본문을 분석 대상으로-

저자 : 서란숙 ( Ran-sug Seo )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1139-1145 (7 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to identify the social phenomena of tattoo, which have been of constant interest in our society, through analysis of social networks collected from big data on what the social phenomena implied in keywords emphasized in newspaper articles over the past year. To this end, by analyzing keywords about tattoos that frequently appeared in newspaper articles, we could see what the main interests of social phenomena related to tattoos were. Data on tattoos were collected from newspaper articles over the past year and analyzed how they formed meaning regarding the relationship structure and centrality between the keywords at issue through social network analysis. These findings provide basic data on social discussions and policy directions related to tattoos in practice and discussions related to ways to improve them. This study is an extension from existing quantitative research by analyzing the social phenomena of tattoos through Bigdata and social network analysis. Apart from statistical surveys or subjective qualitative research, we have approached them with content analysis using big data and social network analysis. The conclusion of this study is as follows. First, as a result of analyzing the word cloud regarding tattoos, it was confirmed that “rose” and “300” were the most prominent, and there were keywords that could analyze various other social phenomena. Second, as a result of analysis by connection centrality, it was proved that the social interest and popularity of tattoos increased. Third, as a result of analysis by eigenvector centrality, the popularity of tattoos was proved. It objectified academic research by attempting research from a different perspective from the analysis of research trends and provided visualized research results of readers.

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9큐티클 리무버 화장품의 In Vivo와 In Vitro에서의 안전성 평가

저자 : 이기영 ( Kee-young Lee ) , 김민경 ( Min-kyung Kim ) , 김정희 ( Jeong-hee Kim )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1146-1151 (6 pages)

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Recently, the issue of the harmful effects of nail care products has been posed. In case of cuticle remover, information on hazards of chemical substances is limited and product safety reports are also insufficient. This study evaluated the safety of the top three commercially selling cuticle removers that are widely used in nail care: Blue cross, Zero cleanser and Flower vita cuticle cares. To measure the pH level of cuticle remover cosmetics, distilled water and DMEM. The toxic effect of cuticle removers on cultured HaCaT was identified by MTT-assay. The patch test was performed to evaluate the occurrence of erythema on the patch area according to the criteria of ICDRG after applying the cuticle remover cosmetics (as is). Adherence to the cosmetic pH measurement guidelines, it was confirmed that the blue cross product did not meet the pH standard of the final product of the domestic cosmetic method. When measuring the pH by diluting DMEM with a solvent, Flower vita product maintained a pH close to Neutral 7.0 overall. All three cuticle removers demonstrated dose-dependent cytotoxic on HaCaT cell. The viability of cells treated with 10㎍/mL Blue cross or 10㎍/mL Zero cleanser was presented below 10%. Otherwise, Flower vita treatment at concentrations of 0.5~20㎍ up to 20㎍/mL did not affect the viability (above 70%) in the HaCaT. Of the patch test, there was positive in one case (3.3%) at 2 weeks. It was observed that a doubful reaction (-/+) to Flower vita and weak positive reactions (+) to Blue cross, and zero cleanser. Taken together, it was shown that the Flower vita product have the lowest cytotoxicity in HaCaT cells and slight allergic reaction, proving more safer than other t w o products in vivo and in vitro.

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10Lactobacillus gasseri HDB1102를 활용한 신규 화장품 소재의 미세먼지에 의해 유발되는 피부증상 완화 효과

저자 : 양서진 ( Seo-jin Yang ) , 김경민 ( Kyung-min Kim ) , 송지원 ( Ji-won Song ) , 이승훈 ( Seung-hun Lee )

발행기관 : 한국미용학회 간행물 : 한국미용학회지 27권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1152-1158 (7 pages)

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In this study, we developed Dermabiotics HDB1102 using Lactobacillus gasseri HDB1102 to relieve skin irritation caused by particulate matter (PM). L. gasseri HDB1102 was provided from cell bank and identified by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. Dermabiotics HDB1102 was manufactured by heating, centrifuging, and filtering culture medium of L. gasseri HDB1102. When 0-2.5%(v/v) Dermabiotics HDB1102 was treated, cytotoxicity on normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) and human fibroblast was not observed by using MTT assay. The mRNA expression levels of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1), interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-8 on Dermabiotics HDB1102 treated cells decreased compared to PM-treated cells. Conversely, the mRNA expressions of aquaporin-3 (AQP- 3), CD-44, and collagen type 1 (COL-1) on Dermabiotics HDB1102 treated cells were dose-dependent higher than those of non-treated cells. These results indicated that Dermabiotics HDB1102 have anti-inflammatory, moisturizing, and anti-wrinkle effects and could be used as a potential cosmetic ingredient to alleviate skin symptoms caused by PM.

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