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한국환경분석학회> 환경분석과 독성보건> 영국의 시험 · 검사기관 정도관리 제도 중 현장평가 고찰

KCI등재

영국의 시험 · 검사기관 정도관리 제도 중 현장평가 고찰

Quality Control Systems in UK : An On-site Assessments of Testing andInspection Institutions

황종연 ( Jong Yeon Hwang ) , 이혜리 ( Hyeri Lee ) , 고상호 ( Sang Ho Go ) , 전수아 ( Sooa Jeon ) , 김지혜 ( Jeehye Kim ) , 이진주 ( Jin Joo Lee ) , 박창희 ( Park Chang Hee ) , 신선경 ( Sun-kyung Shin ) , 허유정 ( Ujeong Hur )
  • : 한국환경분석학회
  • : 환경분석과 독성보건 24권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 09월
  • : 149-152(4pages)
환경분석과 독성보건

DOI


목차

1. 서 론
2. 조사 방법
3. 결과 및 고찰
4. 결 론
감사의 글
참고문헌

키워드 보기


초록 보기

With reference to the quality standard, ISO/IEC 17025, we conducted on-site assessments of and comparisons between test and inspection institutions in Korea and the UK. The diversity of evaluation methods used ‘in the field’ within the UK is greater than the range in Korea. Nevertheless, when assessing on-site processes in both countries, it is clear that many aspects of the quality assessment, including the roles of the evaluation committee members, the preparation of documents for evaluation, the opening meeting, the evaluation process in the field, and the closing meeting, occur in a similar order in the UK as in Korea. However, one important difference between the on-site evaluations in Korea and the UK was noted; particularly, in the UK, the level of excellence achieved by the evaluated institution is highlighted during the closing meeting.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-500-000722159

간행물정보

  • : 공학분야  > 환경공학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 2672-0175
  • : 2672-1139
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019-2022
  • : 71


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25권1호(2022년 03월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1축산농가 인근 미세먼지 특성규명을 위한 악취물질 및 입자구성성분 분석

저자 : 김한규 ( Han-gyu Kim ) , 이가희 ( Ga-hee Lee ) , 박유나 ( Yu-na Park ) , 류현주 ( Hyeon-ju Ryu ) , 박종관 ( Jongkwan Park ) , 전준호 ( Junho Jeon )

발행기관 : 한국환경분석학회 간행물 : 환경분석과 독성보건 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-17 (17 pages)

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The present study aimed to evaluate the concentration of odor substances and fine dust in areas where livestock farms are densely located, and to perform a correlation analysis of these concentrations to characterize the composition of fine dust. The mass concentration of fine dust in the areas tested was 33.6~46.68 μ/㎥ for particulate matter with a diameter ≤ 10 μm (PM‌10) and 16.85~32.82 μ/㎥ for particulate matter with a diameter ≤ 2.5 μm (PM2.5). These concentrations were higher than those in most of the neighboring areas. Ammonia concentration was measured in the range of 2.82~11.42 μ/㎥. The concentrations of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs), methyl ethyl ketone and toluene, were 0.24~11.82 μ/㎥, and 3.08~30.61 μ/㎥, respectively. Composition analysis showed that fine dust was composed of 8.2~10.2% carbon, 0.3~1.7% sulfur, and 0.1~0.9% nitrogen. Anions were detected at a higher concentration than cations, and SO42- was measured at the highest concentration. Of the four most prevalent metals detected (i.e., Al, B, Cu, and Zn), Al showed the highest concentration in both PM10 and PM2.5, and accounted for the majority of the total metal component (84.7% and 82.2%, respectively). A correlation analysis of find dust with ammonia and VOC (methyl ethyl ketone and toluene) concentrations showed that ammonia generated from livestock facilities affected the formation of fine dust in nearby areas. VOCs emitted from nearby industrial facilities were also considered to contribute to the constituents of fine dust.

KCI등재

2수용모델을 이용한 광양만권 주거지역 대기 중 초미세먼지발생원 기여도 평가(II)

저자 : 박혜영 ( Hye-young Park ) , 박현수 ( Hyun-su Park ) , 이보람 ( Bo-ram Lee ) , 최희진 ( Hee-jin Choi ) , 김학림 ( Hak-rim Kim ) , 임희정 ( Hee-jung Lim ) , 박찬오 ( Chan-o Park ) , 김익산 ( Ik-san Kim ) , 박귀환 ( Gui-hwan Park ) , 전두영 ( Doo-young Jeon ) , 배민석 ( Min-suk Bae )

발행기관 : 한국환경분석학회 간행물 : 환경분석과 독성보건 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 18-32 (15 pages)

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The source contributions in PM-2.5 were investigated in two residential areas (i.e., Yeosu and Suncheon of Gwangyang Bay) using a source apportionment model. As a result, eight sources have been identified such as secondary sulfate (31%), mobile (16.8%), secondary nitrate (15.9%), soil and road emission (15.2%), biomass burning (11.5%), oil combustion (4.2%), coal combustion (3.7%), and industry activity (1.7%) in the Yeosu area. In the Suncheon area, secondary sulfate (27.3%), biomass burning (16.4%), and secondary nitrate (15.3%) were investigated as the major sources. Clustering of the trajectories revealed dominant wind patterns associated with high concentrations due to long range transport. In conclusion, this study shows that the source apportionment model yields results for identifying pollutant sources in two receptor locations.

KCI등재

3PTR ToF MS를 이용한 대형솥 조리시 발생하는 휘발성 유기화합물에 관한 연구

저자 : 오병훈 ( Byeonghun Oh ) , 정지연 ( Jee Yeon Jeong ) , 신정아 ( Jungah Shin ) , 김부욱 ( Boowook Kim )

발행기관 : 한국환경분석학회 간행물 : 환경분석과 독성보건 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-42 (10 pages)

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Various volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including aldehydes, are present in fried food being cooked in high-temperature oil. In this study, real-time VOC concentration was measured in the upper part of a large pot in the cooking room using Proton Transfer Reaction Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (PTR ToF MS) for 3 days (roasted on the first day, fried on the second day, and simmered on the third day). The average concentration of diacetyl was the highest on the first day of stir-frying and steaming. The highest concentrations of formaldehyde was on day 3 when pork was cooked in sugar and sauce. Formaldehyde, 1,3-butadiene, acrolein, diacetyl, and naphthalene were detected during the frying process on the second day, and were detected in descending order of boiling point. In addition, various VOCs such as methanol were detected. The maximum/minimum concentration ratio was the highest for acrolein (3,030), so it was confirmed that many aldehydes were generated during frying. Although there is a limit to direct comparison with Occupational Exposure Limit as a result of area sample by PTR ToF MS, the mean concentrations of formaldehyde and diacetyl during the frying operation for 15 minutes were 232 ppb and 16 ppb, respectively, which was 80% of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists Threshold Limit Value-Short Term Exposure Limit. After the frying was over, the VOC concentration began to decrease, and it took more than 3 hours to lower the VOC concentration to the level before the oil was heated. As various harmful gaseous substances are generated when cooking deep-frying, improvement methods such as using oil with high boiling points and developing respiratory protection programs should be devised.

KCI등재

4울산광역시 악취발생 현황과 통합관리체계 구축 제안

저자 : 최성득 ( Sung-deuk Choi )

발행기관 : 한국환경분석학회 간행물 : 환경분석과 독성보건 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 43-49 (7 pages)

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In Ulsan, large-scale industrial facilities emit large amounts of various odors and hazardous air pollutants. This study investigated the current status of odor problems in Ulsan and suggested a comprehensive management system. Owing to the geographical conditions, weather conditions, major industrial complexes, and management of emission facilities, complaints about odor occur mainly in summer. The city authority responds to odor problems by preparing comprehensive measures to prevent odors and introducing unmanned sampling devices, real-time monitors, and a mobile monitoring system. Major odor substances and pollution characteristics can be identified through these efforts, but information on specific odor substances, complex odors, emission sources, and transport pathways is lacking. Therefore, it is necessary to upgrade the current monitoring system and establish a comprehensive management system to solve this problem.

1
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1척추동물군별 Bisphenol A의 독성 영향 비교 분석: 2015-2021년 연구를 중심으로

저자 : 안유민 ( You Min Ahn ) , 김동환 ( Dong Hwan Kim ) , 조수남 ( Su Nam Cho )

발행기관 : 한국환경분석학회 간행물 : 환경분석과 독성보건 24권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 107-126 (20 pages)

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The toxic effects of Bisphenol A (BPA) have been studied in individual experimental animals under different conditions. However, without a systematic approach, it is difficult to compare and analyse the results because of differences in doses (concentration), dosing periods (exposure), research methods, and the effects of BPA. We systematically compared and analysed recent research (between 2015 and 2021) that examined the effects of BPA on individual experimental vertebrates (fishes, amphibians, birds, and mammals). We divided the experiments into two categories: experiments on fish and amphibians by indirect administration, and experiments on birds and mammals by direct administration. The deleterious effects of exposure to BPA were classified into two types: morphological and anatomical effects, and physiological and neurocognitive effects. Experimental animals that had less weight, were younger, and were farther away from humans in evolutionary relationships, showed toxic effects even if they were exposed to low concentrations of BPA in the short term. Long-term administration of a small amount of BPA and short-term administration of a large amount of BPA also showed severe toxic effects. When the parents absorbed BPA during puberty, just before fertilisation, or during pregnancy, toxic effects were transmitted from dosed parents to offspring. With increasing amounts of BPA production and waste, there is a growing possibility that animals in various ecosystems will be exposed to BPA. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the harmful effects of BPA on various animals and the conditions under which it affects them. We hope that the results reported here will contribute to the development of standardized study designs for BPA research, to ensure that results can be more readily compared.

KCI등재

2Mass balance법에 의한 농약 표준물질의 순도 분석

저자 : 김승환 ( Seung-hwan Kim ) , 김병주 ( Byungjoo Kim ) , 주광국 ( Kwangguk Joo ) , 지수언 ( Su-eon Ji ) , 정대원 ( Dae-won Chung ) , 이석기 ( Seok-ki Lee )

발행기관 : 한국환경분석학회 간행물 : 환경분석과 독성보건 24권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 127-132 (6 pages)

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Imazamox, a widely used herbicide, is currently managed by the Pesticide MRLs and Positive List System of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, and the development of reliable standard materials for analysis is urgently required. To confirm the reliability of the mass balance method, we measured the purity of the imazamox reference material (RM) certified by an RM producer accredited with ISO Guide 34 and estimated measurement uncertainty. According to this method, the content of structurally similar organic impurities was measured using high-performance liquid chromatographic coupled with ultraviolet (HPLC-UV), and the moisture, volatile impurities, and non-volatile impurities were quantitatively analyzed using a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). Purity and measurement uncertainty were calculated based on analysis of the HPLC-UV and TGA results obtained, and the validity of these values was confirmed by comparing with the values provided in the RM certificate.

KCI등재

3부산 공단지역 PM-10, PM-2.5 중 유해중금속 농도분포 및 위해성 평가 - 사상공단을 중심으로 -

저자 : 최성화 ( Seong-hwa Choi ) , 최성우 ( Seong-woo Choi ) , 김동영 ( Dong-yeong Kim ) , 차영욱 ( Young-wook Cha ) , 박승우 ( Seung-woo Park ) , 이서이 ( Seo-i Lee ) , 유은철 ( Eun-chulyoo )

발행기관 : 한국환경분석학회 간행물 : 환경분석과 독성보건 24권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 133-148 (16 pages)

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We investigated the distribution of hazardous heavy metals (As, Cr6+, Ni, Cd, Pb, and Mn) and estimated the health risk related to the heavy metals in fine dust (PM-10 and PM-2.5) of Sasang industrial complex, Busan, Korea. The concentration of fine dust in the industrial complex was 1.2 times higher than in a residential area, while harmful heavy metals showed a difference of at least 1.3 times (Cd) and up to 6.5 times (Ni). The concentration of fine dust and carcinogenic heavy metals in the industrial complex increased significantly compared to the residential area in spring (March to May) and winter (December to February) months. A risk assessment was performed using Monte-Carlo simulations containing a four-step procedure. During hazard identification, As, Cr6+ Ni, Cd, and Pb were categorized as human carcinogens and probable human carcinogens and evaluated for their levels of excess cancer risk. For concentrations of over 90% Cr6+and As, the excess cancer risk was over 10-5 (1 person per 100,000). The non-cancer hazard index of As, Cr6+, Cd, and Mn was below the limit value of 1.

KCI등재

4영국의 시험 · 검사기관 정도관리 제도 중 현장평가 고찰

저자 : 황종연 ( Jong Yeon Hwang ) , 이혜리 ( Hyeri Lee ) , 고상호 ( Sang Ho Go ) , 전수아 ( Sooa Jeon ) , 김지혜 ( Jeehye Kim ) , 이진주 ( Jin Joo Lee ) , 박창희 ( Park Chang Hee ) , 신선경 ( Sun-kyung Shin ) , 허유정 ( Ujeong Hur )

발행기관 : 한국환경분석학회 간행물 : 환경분석과 독성보건 24권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 149-152 (4 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

With reference to the quality standard, ISO/IEC 17025, we conducted on-site assessments of and comparisons between test and inspection institutions in Korea and the UK. The diversity of evaluation methods used 'in the field' within the UK is greater than the range in Korea. Nevertheless, when assessing on-site processes in both countries, it is clear that many aspects of the quality assessment, including the roles of the evaluation committee members, the preparation of documents for evaluation, the opening meeting, the evaluation process in the field, and the closing meeting, occur in a similar order in the UK as in Korea. However, one important difference between the on-site evaluations in Korea and the UK was noted; particularly, in the UK, the level of excellence achieved by the evaluated institution is highlighted during the closing meeting.

1
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