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한국지구과학회> 한국지구과학회지> Comparison on Positive Experiences about Science between Gifted and General Students in Middle School

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Comparison on Positive Experiences about Science between Gifted and General Students in Middle School

Taehee Kim , Youngsun Kwak , Won-mi Park
  • : 한국지구과학회
  • : 한국지구과학회지 42권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 459-469(11pages)
한국지구과학회지

DOI


목차

Introduction
Methods
Results and Discussion
Conclusions
Acknowledgments
References

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초록 보기

In this study, we investigated the difference in the affective characteristics between science-gifted students and general students through the positive experiences about science (PES) index. We also explored ways to apply the characteristics of gifted classes suggeseted by the teachers of this study, which had a positive effect on science-gifted students, to general science classes. For this study, a PES survey was carried on middle school science-gifted students enrolled in the gifted education center in the central region and general middle school students in the same area who had no experience in gifted education. Based on the survey result, we conducted in-depth interviews with teachers, having teaching experience with both science-gifted and general students. The results revealed that science-gifted students showed a significantly higher PES index than general students in all five areas of PES. The area with the largest difference between the two groups was science-related self-concept and the smallest was science academic emotion. Teachers suggested ways to apply the characteristics of science-gifted classes to general science classes, such as organizing general science classes around inquiry activities, supporting class materials such as MBL or tablets, reconstructing the classes using materials reflecting students’ needs, and changing the textbook content and narrative style, to induce students' interest and curiosity. Based on the study results, ways to enhance the PES through science classes for general students were proposed.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 자연과학분야  > 지질
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 격월
  • : 1225-6692
  • : 2287-4518
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1979-2021
  • : 2176


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42권5호(2021년 10월) 수록논문
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12020년 3월 18일-20일 영동지역 강풍 사례 연구

저자 : 안보영 ( Bo-yeong Ahn ) , 김유준 ( Yoo-jun Kim ) , 김백조 ( Baek-jo Kim ) , 이용희 ( Yong-hee Lee )

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 479-495 (17 pages)

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본 연구는 2020년 3월 18일부터 20일까지 영동지역에 강풍이 발생했던 사례(남고북저형, 대류권계면 접힘에 의해 급격하게 발달하는 저기압)의 종관 및 열역학적/운동학적특성을 조사하기 위해 AWS 관측 자료, 종관 일기도, ECMWF 재분석 자료, 레윈존데, 윈드프로파일러 자료를 이용하였다. 분석결과, 사례 기간 영동지역 5개소에서 관측된 최대 순간 풍속은 20 m s-1 이상으로 나타났으며 대관령(27.7 m s-1)에서 가장 강하게 나타났다. 종관분석에서는 남고북저형의 기압배치와 함께 영동지역으로 등압선의 모양이 사인(sin)파 형태를 보이며 강한 기압경도력에 의해 강풍이 발달하다가 3월 19일부터는 한반도 북부지역에서 하루 내에 19 hPa 이상의 기압 하강과 함께 발달하는 저기압에 의해 지속적인 강풍이 발달했다. 북강릉 단열선도에서 역전층의 고도는 하층 강풍대와 함께 산 정상의 약 1-3 km 고도에 위치하였고, 레윈존데 및 수직 측풍 장비(윈드프로파일러)의 연직 바람장 분석 결과와 일치함을 확인할 수 있었다. 특히 열역학적 및 운동학적 연직 분석에서, 하층에서 온위의 연직 경도에 의한 강한 바람과 대류권계면 접힘에 의한 위치 소용돌이도의 발달이 영동지역 강풍 발생에 큰 역할을 한 것으로 사료된다.


This study investigates the synoptic (patterns of southern highs, northern lows, and lows rapidly developed by tropopause folding), thermodynamic, and kinematic characteristics of a strong wind that occurred in the Yeongdong region of South Korea on March 18-20, 2020. To do so, we analyzed data from an automatic weather station (AWS), weather charts, the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis, rawinsonde, and windprofiler radars. The daily maximum instantaneous wind speed, exceeding 20 m s-1, was observed at five weather stations during the analysis period. The strongest instantaneous wind speed (27.7 m s-1) appeared in the Daegwallyeong area. According to the analysis of weather charts, along with the arrangement of the north-south low-pressure line, the isobars were moved to the Yeongdong area. It showed a sine wave shape, and a strong wind developed owing to the strong pressure gradient. On March 19, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with a drop in atmospheric pressure of 19 hPa or more within one day, a continuous strong wind was developed by the synoptic structure of the developing polar low. In the adiabatic chart observed in Bukgangneung, the altitude of the inversion layer was located at an altitude of approximately 1-3 km above the mountaintop, along with the maximum wind speed. We confirmed that this is consistent with the results of the vertical wind field analysis of the rawinsonde and windprofiler data. In particular, based on the thermodynamic and kinematic vertical analyses, we suggest that strong winds due to the vertical gradient of potential temperature in the lower layer and the development of potential vorticity due to tropopause folding play a significant role in the occurrence of strong winds in the Yeongdong region.

KCI등재

2라디오존데 고층관측자료를 활용한 한반도 남해안 지역의 2019년도 여름철 대기 안정도 특성 분석

저자 : 신승숙 ( Seungsook Shin ) , 황성은 ( Sung-eun Hwang ) , 이영태 ( Young-tae Lee ) , 김병택 ( Byung-taek Kim ) , 김기훈 ( Ki-hoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 496-503 (8 pages)

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한반도 남해안 지역의 여름철 대기 안정도 특성을 분석함으로써, 한반도 특성에 맞는 강수 예측을 위한 대기 안정도 지수의 정량적인 임계값을 도출하고자 하였다. 보성 표준기상관측소에서 관측한 2019년도 여름철 라디오존데 집중관측자료를 분석에 사용하였으며, 총 관측자료는 243개 이다. 강수 유무 및 중규모 대기 현상에 대한 대기 안정도를 분석하기 위해서, 대류가용잠재에너지(Convective Available Potential Energy, CAPE)와 폭풍지수(Storm Relative Helicity, SRH)를 비교하였으며 특히 SRH 분석은 고도 별로 총 4개의 층으로(0-1, 0-3, 0-6, 0-10 km) 세분화하였다. 강수 유무에 따른 분석은 강수가 없는 경우, 강수발생 전 12시간, 강수 발생 시로 구분하여 수행하였다. 그 결과, 2019년도 보성에서 발생한 여름철 강수 예측에는 CAPE 보다 SRH가 더 적합하며 0-6 km SRH가 약한 토네이도가 발생 가능한 기준과 같은 150 ㎡ s-2 이상일 경우 강수가 발생한 것으로 분석 된다. 또한, 장마와 태풍 기간의 대기 안정도를 분석한 결과를 보면, 일반적으로 SRH는 대기 깊이가 두꺼워 질수록 값이 커지는 데 반해서 0-10 km SRH 평균값보다 0-6 km 의 SRH 값이 더 크게 나타났다. 따라서, 2019년도 보성에서 발생한 태풍에 의한 강수를 판별하는 데는 0-6 km 의 SRH 값이 더 효과적이라고 할 수 있다.


By analyzing the characteristics of atmospheric stability in the southern coastal region of the Korean Peninsula in the summer of 2019, a quantitative threshold of atmospheric instability indices was derived for predicting rainfall events in the Korean Peninsula. For this analysis, we used data from all of the 243 radiosonde intensive observations recorded at the Boseong Standard Weather Observatory (BSWO) in the summer of 2019. To analyze the atmospheric stability of rain events and mesoscale atmospheric phenomena, convective available potential energy (CAPE) and storm relative helicity (SRH) were calculated and compared. In particular, SRH analysis was divided into four levels based on the depth of the atmosphere (0-1, 0-3, 0-6, and 0-10 km). The rain events were categorized into three cases: that of no rain, that of 12 h before the rain, and that of rain. The results showed that SRH was more suitable than CAPE for the prediction of the rainfall events in Boseong during the summer of 2019, and that the rainfall events occurred when the 0-6 km SRH was 150 ㎡ s-2 or more, which is the same standard as that for a possible weak tornado. In addition, the results of the atmospheric stability analysis during the Changma, which is the rainy period in the Korean Peninsula during the summer and typhoon seasons, showed that the 0-6 km SRH was larger than the mean value of the 0-10 km SRH, whereas SRH generally increased as the depth of the atmosphere increased. Therefore, it can be said that the 0-6 km SRH was more effective in determining the rainfall events caused by typhoons in Boseong in the summer of 2019.

KCI등재

3보성 표준기상관측소자료를 활용한 국지예보모델 대기경계층 유형 비교 연구

저자 : 황성은 ( Sung Eun Hwang ) , 김병택 ( Byeong-taek Kim ) , 이영태 ( Young Tae Lee ) , 신승숙 ( Seung Sook Shin ) , 김기훈 ( Ki Hoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 504-513 (10 pages)

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대한민국 기상청에서 사용하고 있는 UM (Unified Model, UM) 모델의 국지예측시스템(Local Data Assimilation and Prediction System, LDAPS)은 수치모델 모의 시 대기경계층 유형에 따라 물리과정을 다르게 계산하기 때문에 이 과정을 검증하는 것은 모델의 정확도 향상에 중요하다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 수치모델의 대기경계층 유형을 관측자료를 기반으로 검증하였다. 관측자료를 기반으로 대기경계층 유형을 분류하기 위해서 보성 표준기상관측소에서 수행한 여름철 집중관측자료(라디오존데, 플럭스관측장비, 도플러 라이다, 운고계)를 활용하였으며, 2019년 6월 18일 부터 8월 17일 까지 61일 동안에 총 201회의 관측자료를 분석하였다. 또한 관측자료와 수치모델 결과가 다른 경우를 보면, 관측자료를 기반으로 한 대기경계층 유형 분류 결과에서 2유형으로 분류되는 사례가 수치모델에서는 1유형으로 분류된 사례가 53회로 가장 많이 나타났다. 그 다음으로는 관측자료를 기반으로 한 대기경계층 유형 분류 결과에서 5유형과 6유형으로 분류되는 사례가 수치모델에서는 3유형으로 분류된 사례가 많이 나타났다(각각 24회, 15회). 관측결과와 수치모델 모의 결과가 일치하지 않은 사례는 모두 층적운 접합 여부 및 적운 모의 등 수치모델의 구름물리 부분의 모의 성능에 기인하여 발생한 것이라고 분석된다. 따라서, 대기경계층 유형 분류의 구름물리과정의 모의 정확도를 개선하면 수치모델 성능이 향상 될 것으로 판단된다.


Different physical processes, according to the atmospheric boundary layer types, were used in the Local Data Assimilation and Prediction System (LDAPS) of the Unified Model (UM) used by the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA). Therefore, it is important to verify the atmospheric boundary layer types in the numerical model to improve the accuracy of the models performance. In this study, the atmospheric boundary layer types were verified using observational data. To classify the atmospheric boundary layer types, summer intensive observation data from radiosonde, flux observation instruments, Doppler wind Light Detection and Ranging(LIDAR) and ceilometer were used. A total number of 201 observation data points were analyzed over the course 61 days from June 18 to August 17, 2019. The most frequent types of differences between LDAPS and observed data were type 1 in LDAPS and type 2 in observed(each 53 times). And type 3 difference was observed in LDAPS and type 5 and 6 were observed 24 and 15 times, respectively. It was because of the simulation performance of the Cloud Physics such as that associated with the simulation of decoupled stratocumulus and cumulus cloud. Therefore, to improve the numerical model, cloud physics aspects should be considered in the atmospheric boundary layer type classification.

KCI등재

4고창 지점의 강수량계 설치 환경에 따른 겨울철 강수량 관측 특성 분석

저자 : 김병택 ( Byeong Taek Kim ) , 황성은 ( Sung Eun Hwang ) , 이영태 ( Young Tae Lee ) , 신승숙 ( Seung Sook Shin ) , 김기훈 ( Ki Hoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 514-523 (10 pages)

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고창 표준기상관측소(Gochang Standard Weather Observatory, GSWO)에서 3년간(2014-2016년) 관측한 겨울철 강수량 자료를 사용하여 겨울철 관측환경에 따른 강수량 관측 특성을 분석하였다. 이를 위해, 설치환경이 다른 강수량계 4종인 NS(No Shield), SA(Single Alter), DFIR(Double Fence Intercomparison Reference), PG(Pit Gauge)를 사용하여, DFIR을 기준으로 누적 강수량 차이, 강수 유형별 특성, 풍속 변화에 따른 수집효율을 분석하였다. 강수 유형은 고창 종관기상관측장비(Automated Synoptic Observing System, ASOS)의 기온 관측 자료를 사용하여 강우, 혼합 강수, 강설로 분류하여 분석하였다. 겨울철 누적 강수량은 SA, NS, PG 순으로 DFIR과 유사하게 나타났으며, 통계 분석 결과에서는 SA가 DFIR과 가장 유사한 결과를 보였다. 결과적으로, 겨울철 강수량 관측에서는 SA가 기준 강수량계와 가장 유사하게 관측되었으며, PG는 겨울철 관측에 적합하지 않은 것으로 분석된다.


Using the precipitation data observed at the Gochang Standard Weather Observatory (GSWO) during the winter seasons from 2014 to 2016, we analyzed the precipitation characteristics of the winter observation environment. For this study, we used four different types of precipitation gauges, i.e., No Shield (NS), Single Alter (SA), Double Fence Intercomparison Reference (DFIR), and Pit Gauge (PG). We analyzed the data from each to find differences in the accumulated precipitation, characteristics of the precipitation type, and the catch efficiency according to the wind speed based on the DFIR. We then classified these into three precipitation types, i.e., rain, mixed precipitation, and snow, according to temperature data from Gochang's Automated Synoptic Observing System (ASOS). We considered the DFIR to be the standard precipitation gauge for our analysis and the cumulative winter precipitation recorded by each other gauge compared to the DFIR data in the following order (from the most to least similar): SA, NS, and PG. As such, we find that the SA gauge is the most accurate when compared to the standard precipitation gauge used (DFIR), and the PG system is inappropriate for winter observations.

KCI등재

5인공위성 고도계와 이어도 해양과학기지 관측 자료를 활용한 유의파고 극값 추정 기법 비교

저자 : 우혜진 ( Hye-jin Woo ) , 박경애 ( Kyung-ae Park ) , 변도성 ( Do-seung Byun ) , 정광영 ( Kwang-yeong Jeong ) , 이은일 ( Eun-il Lee )

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 524-535 (12 pages)

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급격한 기후 변화와 해양 온난화에 의해 지난 수십 년 동안 파고의 변동성이 증가하였다. 상위 1% (또는 5%) 파고와 같은 극한 파고는 국지적인 해역 뿐만 아니라 전 지구 대양에서도 평균 파고에 비해 현저하게 증가하였다. 1991년부터 인공위성 고도계를 활용하여 유의파고를 지속적으로 관측하고 있으며 통계적 기법을 기반으로 100년 빈도 유의파고를 추정하기에 비교적 충분한 자료가 축적되었다. 이어도 해양과학기지에서 유의파고 극값을 추정하기 위하여 2005년부터 2016년까지 위성 고도계 자료를 활용하였다. 대표적인 극값 분석 방법인 Initial distribution Method (IDM)와 Peak over Threshold (PoT)를 위성 도고계 유의파고 관측 자료에 적용하고 이어도 해양과학기지에서 관측된 실측 자료와 비교하였다. 이어도 해양과학기 관측 자료에 IDM과 PoT 기법을 적용하여 추정된 100년 빈도 유의파고는 각각 8.17 m와 14.11 m이며, 인공위성 고도계 관측 자료를 활용하였을 때는 각각 9.21 m와 16.49 m이었다. 관측 최대값과의 비교 분석에서 IDM을 활용한 분석은 유의파고 극값을 과소추정 하는 경향을 보였다. 이는 IDM 보다 PoT 기법이 유의파고의 극값을 적절하게 추정하고 있음을 의미한다. PoT 기법의 우수성은 높은 유의파고가 발생하는 태풍의 영향을 받는 이어도 해양과학기지 실측 자료를 활용한 결과에서도 증명되었다. 또한 PoT 기법으로 추정된 유의파고 극값의 안정성은 고도계 자료의 감소에 따라 저하될 수 있음을 확인하였다. 인공위성 고도계 자료를 활용하여 유의파고 극값 추정시 발생할 수 있는 한계점과 인공위성 자료를 검증할 수 있는 자료로써 이어도 해양과학기지 관측 자료의 중요성에 대하여 논의하였다.


Rapid climate change and oceanic warming have increased the variability of oceanic wave heights over the past several decades. In addition, the extreme wave heights, such as the upper 1% (or 5%) wave heights, have increased more than the heights of the normal waves. This is true for waves both in global oceans as well as in local seas. Satellite altimeters have consistently observed significant wave heights (SWHs) since 1991, and sufficient SWH data have been accumulated to investigate 100-year return period SWH values based on statistical approaches. Satellite altimeter data were used to estimate the extreme SWHs at the Ieodo Ocean Research Station (IORS) for the period from 2005 to 2016. Two representative extreme value analysis (EVA) methods, the Initial Distribution Method (IDM) and Peak over Threshold (PoT) analysis, were applied for SWH measurements from satellite altimeter data and compared with the in situ measurements observed at the IORS. The 100-year return period SWH values estimated by IDM and PoT analysis using IORS measurements were 8.17 and 14.11 m, respectively, and those using satellite altimeter data were 9.21 and 16.49 m, respectively. When compared with the maximum value, the IDM method tended to underestimate the extreme SWH. This result suggests that the extreme SWHs could be reasonably estimated by the PoT method better than by the IDM method. The superiority of the PoT method was supported by the results of the in situ measurements at the IORS, which is affected by typhoons with extreme SWH events. It was also confirmed that the stability of the extreme SWH estimated using the PoT method may decline with a decrease in the quantity of the altimeter data used. Furthermore, this study discusses potential limitations in estimating extreme SWHs using satellite altimeter data, and emphasizes the importance of SWH measurements from the IORS as reference data in the East China Sea to verify satellite altimeter data.

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6한반도 연안해역에서 인공위성 산란계(MetOp-A/B ASCAT) 해상풍 검증

저자 : 곽병대 ( Byeong-dae Kwak ) , 박경애 ( Kyung-ae Park ) , 우혜진 ( Hye-jin Woo ) , 김희영 ( Hee-young Kim ) , 홍성은 ( Sung-eun Hong ) , 손은하 ( Eun-ha Sohn )

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 536-555 (20 pages)

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해상풍은 해양의 표층 해류 및 순환, 혼합층, 열속의 변화를 주도하며 해양-대기 상호작용을 이해할 수 있는 중요한 변수이다. 인공위성의 발달에 따라 산란계 관측 자료를 기반으로 산출한 해상풍은 여러 목적으로 광범위하게 사용되어 왔다. 한반도 연안과 같은 복잡한 해양 환경에서 산란계 관측 해상풍은 해양 및 대기 현상 이해에 중요한 요소이다. 따라서 위성 해상풍의 정확도 검증 결과가 다양한 활용을 위하여 중요하게 활용될 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 대표적인 산란계인 MetOp-A/B (METeorological OPerational satellite-A/B)에 탑재된 ASCAT (Advanced SCATterometer) 해상풍 자료를 한반도 주변의 16개 지점에서 2020년 1월부터 12월까지 실측된 해양기상부이 해상풍 자료와 비교하여 해상풍의 정확도를 검증하였다. 해수면으로부터 4-5 m 고도에서 관측된 부이 바람은 LKB (Liu-Katsaros-Businger) 모델을 활용하여 10 m의 중립 바람으로 변환하였다. 일치점 생산 과정 결과 MetOp-A와 MetOp-B에 대하여 5,544개와 10,051개의 일치점을 만들었다. 각 위성 해상풍 풍속의 평균제곱근오차는 1.36 m s-1와 1.28 m s-1, 편차는 0.44 m s-1와 0.65 m s-1로 나타났다. 산란계의 풍향은 MetOp-A와 MetOp-B에서 각각 -8.03°와 -6.97°의 음의 편차와 32.46°와 36.06°의 평균제곱근오차를 보였다. 이러한 오차들은 해양-대기 경계층 내의 성층과 역학과 관련된 것으로 추정된다. 한반도 주변 해역에서 산란계 해상풍은 특히 풍속이 약한 구간에서 실측 풍속보다 과대추정되었다. 또한 연안으로부터의 거리가 가까워질수록 오차가 증폭되는 특성이 나타났다. 본 연구 결과는 산란계 해상풍 자료를 이용하는 해양-대기 상호작용 및 태풍 연구와 같은 한반도 연안 해역의 예측 모델 발전에 기여할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.


Sea-surface wind is an important variable in ocean-atmosphere interactions, leading to the changes in ocean surface currents and circulation, mixed layers, and heat flux. With the development of satellite technology, sea-surface winds data retrieved from scatterometer observation data have been used for various purposes. In a complex marine environment such as the Korean Peninsula coast, scatterometer-observed sea-surface wind is an important factor for analyzing ocean and atmospheric phenomena. Therefore, the validation results of wind accuracy can be used for diverse applications. In this study, the sea-surface winds derived from ASCAT (Advanced SCATterometer) mounted on MetOp-A/B (METeorological Operational Satellite-A/B) were validated compared to in-situ wind measurements at 16 marine buoy stations around the Korean Peninsula from January to December 2020. The buoy winds measured at a height of 4-5 m from the sea surface were converted to 10-m neutral winds using the LKB (Liu-Katsaros-Businger) model. The matchup procedure produced 5,544 and 10,051 collocation points for MetOp-A and MetOp-B, respectively. The root mean square errors (RMSE) were 1.36 and 1.28 m s-1 , and bias errors amounted to 0.44 and 0.65 m s-1 for MetOp-A and MetOp-B, respectively. The wind directions of both scatterometers exhibited negative biases of -8.03° and -6.97° and RMSE values of 32.46° and 36.06° for MetOp-A and MetOp-B, respectively. These errors were likely associated with the stratification and dynamics of the marine-atmospheric boundary layer. In the seas around the Korean Peninsula, the sea-surface winds of the ASCAT tended to be more overestimated than the in-situ wind speeds, particularly at weak wind speeds. In addition, the closer the distance from the coast, the more the amplification of error. The present results could contribute to the development of a prediction model as improved input data and the understanding of air-sea interaction and impact of typhoons in the coastal regions around the Korean Peninsula.

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7Characterization of Groundwater Chemistry and Fluoride in Groundwater Quality Monitoring Network of Korea

저자 : Jiwon Han

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 556-570 (15 pages)

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This study presents the data analysis results of groundwater chemistry and the occurrence of fluoride in groundwater obtained from the groundwater quality monitoring network of Korea. The groundwater data were collected from the National Groundwater Information Center and censored for erratic values and charge balance (±10%). From the geochemical graphs and various ionic ratios, it was observed that the Ca-HCO3 type was predominant in Korean groundwater. In addition, water-rock interaction was identified as a key chemical process controlling groundwater chemistry, while precipitation and evaporation were found to be less important. According to a non-parametric trend test, at p=0.05, the concentration of fluoride in groundwater did not increase significantly and only 4.3% of the total groundwater exceeded the Korean drinking water standard of 1.5 mg/L. However, student t-tests revealed that the fluoride concentrations were closely associated with the lithologies of tuff, granite porphyry, and metamorphic rocks showing distinctively high levels. This study enhances our understanding of groundwater chemical composition and major controlling factors of fluoride occurrence and distribution in Korean groundwater.

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8야외 지질 답사에서 중학생들의 암석 관찰 특성

저자 : 강현지 ( Hyeonji Kang ) , 신동희 ( Donghee Shin )

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 571-587 (17 pages)

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본 연구는 귀추가 적용된 야외 지질 답사에서 중학생들의 관찰을 통한 문제 인식과 단서 포착 과정을 조사했다. 이를 위해 진단 평가, 야외 지질 답사, 답사 정리 순서로 진행되는 8회에 걸친 프로그램을 개발하여 중학교 1학년 학생 6명에게 적용했다. 야외 지질 답사는 2회로 자료 제공, 관찰, 규칙 생성, 가설 생성, 최종 가설 발표 순서로 진행됐다. 연구 자료로 야외 지질 답사 수업 녹음 및 녹화 자료, 학생 활동지 등이 수집되어 질적으로 분석됐다. 분석 결과, 야외 지질 답사 수행에서 세 가지 관찰 양상이 나타났다. 첫째, 관찰한 후 단서로 활용한 경우, 둘째, 관찰한 후 단서로 활용하지 않은 경우, 셋째, 관찰하지 못해 단서로 활용하지 않은 경우 등이다. 각각은 단서의 지질학적 중요도, 주목도, 단서의 종류, 관찰 특징(주목도 요소), 단서 활용 내용, 단서 버림 이유 등으로 구분할 수 있다. 이러한 결과를 종합해 각 양상에 해당하는 교육적 적용 방안을 모색하여 제시했다.


This study aims to investigate the problem recognition and clue capture processes of the observation stage in a geological field trip using abductive inquiry. To this end, eight outdoor geological programs were developed in the order of diagnostic evaluation, outdoor geological fieldwork, and review. Six middle-school students participated in these programs The geological field trip was conducted twice, followed by data provision, observation, rule generation, hypothesis generation, and final hypothesis presentation. Outdoor geological fieldwork recordings and student activity sheets were collected and analyzed qualitatively. From these data, three aspects of student observations emerged during the geological fieldwork: The characteristics of each pattern were subdivided into the geological importance of the clues, attention, type of clues, observation characteristics (attention factor), clue utilization, and clue deletion. Here, by combining these results, we propose educational applications that correspond to each aspect.

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9Self-Study Journey from a Novice to an Expert for Computational Thinking Practices

저자 : James Green , Young-shin Park

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 588-603 (16 pages)

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This study details a researcher's self-study journey in advancing from a computational thinking (CT) novice to an expert. The researcher went through a four-stage process, with a preliminary literature review preceding the four stages. From the literature review, the computational thinking analysis (CT_AT) tool was developed for use in stage one to analyze science, technology, engineering, art, and mathematic (STEAM) modules. Although no discernable patterns were found in analyzing the five science and five engineering-based modules, the analysis revealed which CT practices were missing or weakly exposed. In stage two activities were suggested to promote these missing or weakly exposed practices. Stage three required the researcher to develop his own STEAM module from the viewpoint of exposing students to CT. The fourth stage was to validate the CT_AT through interviews with pre-service and in-service teachers. These interviews led to changes in the CT_AT tool and, as a result, the researcher produced a guidebook that could be used by teachers in their own CT studies. This guidebook can be used by teachers to develop and become competent in CT skills.

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1Distribution of Rare Earth Elements and Their Applications as Tracers for Groundwater Geochemistry - A Review

저자 : Heejin Hwang , Yalalt Nyamgerel , Jeonghoon Lee

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 383-389 (7 pages)

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Several studies investigating the behavior and environmental distribution of rare earth elements (REEs) have been reviewed to determine the geochemical processes that may affect their concentrations and fractionation patterns in groundwater and whether these elements can be used as tracers for groundwater-rock interactions and groundwater flow paths in small catchments. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), equipped with an ultrasonic nebulizer and active-film multiplier detector, is routinely used as an analytical technique to measure REEs in groundwater, facilitating the analysis of dissolved REE geochemistry. This review focuses on the distribution of REEs in groundwater and their application as tracers for groundwater geochemistry. Our review of existing literature suggests that REEs in ice cores can be used as effective tracers for atmospheric particles, aiding the identification of source regions.

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2Impact of Iron Scavenging and Desorption Parameters on Chlorophyll Simulation in the Tropical Pacific within NEMO-TOPAZ

저자 : Hyomee Lee , Byung-kwon Moon , Jong-Yeon Park , Han-Kyoung Kim , Hyun-Chae Jung , Jieun Wie , Hyo Jin Park , Young-hwa Byun , Yoon-Jin Lim , Johan Lee

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 390-400 (11 pages)

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Ocean biogeochemistry plays a crucial role in sustaining the marine ecosystem and global carbon cycle. To investigate the oceanic biogeochemical responses to iron parameters in the tropical Pacific, we conducted sensitivity experiments using the Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean-Tracers of Ocean Phytoplankton with Allometric Zooplankton (NEMO-TOPAZ) model. Compared to observations, the NEMO-TOPAZ model overestimated the concentrations of chlorophyll and dissolved iron (DFe). The sensitivity tests showed that with increasing (+50%) iron scavenging rates, chlorophyll concentrations in the tropical Pacific were reduced by approximately 16%. The bias in DFe also decreased by approximately 7%; however, the sea surface temperature was not affected. As such, these results can facilitate the development of the model tuning strategy to improve ocean biogeochemical performance using the NEMOTOPAZ model.

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3Assessment of New High-resolution Regional Climatology in the East/Japan Sea

저자 : Jae-ho Lee , You-soon Chang

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 401-411 (11 pages)

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This study provides comprehensive assessment results for the most recent high-resolution regional climatology in the East/Japan Sea by comparing with the various existing climatologies. This new high-resolution climatology is generated based on the Optimal Interpolation (OI) method with individual profiles from the World Ocean Database and gridded World Ocean Atlas provided by the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). It was generated from the recent previous study which had a primary focus to solve the abnormal horizontal gradient problem appearing in the other high-resolution climatology version of NCEI. This study showed that this new OI field simulates well the mesoscale features including closed-curve temperature spatial distribution associated with eddy formation. Quantitative spatial variability was compared to the other four different climatologies and significant variability at 160 km was presented through a wavelet spectrum analysis. In addition, the general improvement of the new OI field except for warm bias in the coastal area was confirmed from the comparison with serial observation data provided by the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute's Korean Oceanic Data Center.

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4Distribution of Heavy Metals in Sediment Cores Collected from the Nakdong River, South Korea

저자 : Yoon-Jin Lim , Jiyeong Lee , Jihye Kang , Jeonghoon Kim , Ho-jin Park , Sang Yeol Bae , Seok Jeong , Young-seog Kim , Jong-sik Ryu

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 412-424 (13 pages)

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Understanding the distribution of heavy metals in sediment is necessary because labile heavy metals can partition into the water column and bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms. Here we investigated six heavy metals (Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in sediment cores using a five-step sequential leaching method to examine the occurrence of heavy metals in the sediment. The results showed that all elements, except Mn, are depleted in the exchangeable and carbonate fractions. However, heavy metal concentrations are much higher in the Fe-Mn oxide and organic matter fractions, especially for Cu, indicating enrichment in the organic matter fraction. Furthermore, contamination parameters (contamination factor and geoaccumulation index) indicate that Mn contamination is high, primarily derived from anthropogenic sources, presenting a potential risk to ecosystems in the Nakdong River.

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5Hydrogeological Characteristics of a Riverine Wetland in the Nakdong River Delta, Korea

저자 : Hang-tak Jeon , Eun-ji Cha , Woo-ri Lim , Sul-min Yoon , Se-yeong Hamm

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 425-444 (20 pages)

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Investigating the physical and chemical properties of riverine wetlands is necessary to understand their distribution characteristics and depositional environment. This study investigated the physical (particle size, color, and type) and chemical properties (organic, inorganic, and moisture contents) of sediments in Samrak wetland, located in the Nakdong River estuary area in Busan, South Korea. The particle size analysis indicated that the hydraulic conductivity values for the coarse grain and the mixture of coarse and fine grains ranged from 2.03 to 3.49×10-1 cm s-1 and 7.18×10-3 to 1.24×10-7 cm s-1 , respectively. In-situ water quality and laboratory-based chemical analyses and radon-222 measurement were performed on groundwater and surface water in the wetland and water from the nearby Nakdong River. The physical and chemical properties of Samrak wetland was characterized by the sediments in the vertical and lateral direction. The concentrations of chemical components in the wetland groundwater were distinctly higher than those in the Nakdong River water though the wetland groundwater and Nakdong River water equally belonged to the Ca-HCO3 type.

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6Reconstruction of Terrestrial Water Storage of GRACE/GFO Using Convolutional Neural Network and Climate Data

저자 : Woohyu Jeon , Jae-seung Kim , Ki-weon Seo

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 445-458 (14 pages)

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Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) gravimeter satellites observed the Earth gravity field with unprecedented accuracy since 2002. After the termination of GRACE mission, GRACE Follow-on (GFO) satellites successively observe global gravity field, but there is missing period between GRACE and GFO about one year. Many previous studies estimated terrestrial water storage (TWS) changes using hydrological models, vertical displacements from global navigation satellite system observations, altimetry, and satellite laser ranging for a continuity of GRACE and GFO data. Recently, in order to predict TWS changes, various machine learning methods are developed such as artificial neural network and multi-linear regression. Previous studies used hydrological and climate data simultaneously as input data of the learning process. Further, they excluded linear trends in input data and GRACE/GFO data because the trend components obtained from GRACE/GFO data were assumed to be the same for other periods. However, hydrological models include high uncertainties, and observational period of GRACE/GFO is not long enough to estimate reliable TWS trends. In this study, we used convolutional neural networks (CNN) method incorporating only climate data set (temperature, evaporation, and precipitation) to predict TWS variations in the missing period of GRACE/GFO. We also make CNN model learn the linear trend of GRACE/GFO data. In most river basins considered in this study, our CNN model successfully predicts seasonal and long-term variations of TWS change.

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7Comparison on Positive Experiences about Science between Gifted and General Students in Middle School

저자 : Taehee Kim , Youngsun Kwak , Won-mi Park

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 459-469 (11 pages)

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In this study, we investigated the difference in the affective characteristics between science-gifted students and general students through the positive experiences about science (PES) index. We also explored ways to apply the characteristics of gifted classes suggeseted by the teachers of this study, which had a positive effect on science-gifted students, to general science classes. For this study, a PES survey was carried on middle school science-gifted students enrolled in the gifted education center in the central region and general middle school students in the same area who had no experience in gifted education. Based on the survey result, we conducted in-depth interviews with teachers, having teaching experience with both science-gifted and general students. The results revealed that science-gifted students showed a significantly higher PES index than general students in all five areas of PES. The area with the largest difference between the two groups was science-related self-concept and the smallest was science academic emotion. Teachers suggested ways to apply the characteristics of science-gifted classes to general science classes, such as organizing general science classes around inquiry activities, supporting class materials such as MBL or tablets, reconstructing the classes using materials reflecting students' needs, and changing the textbook content and narrative style, to induce students' interest and curiosity. Based on the study results, ways to enhance the PES through science classes for general students were proposed.

KCI등재

8Exploring Alignments among International Baccalaureate, Next Generation Science Standards, and the 2015 Science Curriculum of Korea, Focusing on Elementary Science

저자 : Myeong-kyeong Shin , Eun-jeong Kim

발행기관 : 한국지구과학회 간행물 : 한국지구과학회지 42권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 470-475 (6 pages)

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This study aimed to explore alignments among three curricula based on the contents of the university level curriculum. The 2015 revised curriculum, International Baccalaureate(IB), and Next Generation Science Standards(NGSS) were selected for this study, and a college textbook was analyzed to compare the curricula. As the age groups studying the curricular were different, we reorganized them according to school ages prior to conducting the study. The results of the analysis were: first, the contents of the 2015 revised curriculum did not sufficiently elaborate on the natural hazards related to humans, unlike the university level, IB PYP, and NGSS curricula. Third, there are different ways of introducing scientific vocabulary curricula, meaning that the number of scientific vocabularies in the 2015 revised curriculum was less than that in the IB, PYP, and NGSS.

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