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이화여자대학교 통일학연구원> Journal of Peace and Unification> A Composite Look into South Korea and Japan’s Missile Defense and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Capabilities

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A Composite Look into South Korea and Japan’s Missile Defense and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Capabilities

Bee-yun Jo
  • : 이화여자대학교 통일학연구원
  • : Journal of Peace and Unification 11권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 81-111(31pages)
Journal of Peace and Unification

DOI


목차

I. Introduction
II. The Composite Nature of BMD and ISR: Means for Active De-terrence and Defense
III. Comparing Japan and South Korea’s Active Deterrence and Defense
IV. Drivers of Divergence
V. Conclusion
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기

While North Korea’s increasing asymmetric capabilities have impelled both South Korea and Japan to seek arms build-up in their conventional means to detect, defend, and/or ‘hit-to-kill’ incoming targets, South Korea and Japan have shown intriguing level of divergence in their armaments and enthusiasm in joining the US-led BMD in the region. Yet, as this study finds, existing studies on South Korea and Japan’s BMD have been, what this study calls, ‘interceptor-oriented.’ Although the literatures on the BMD address the role of sen-sors and radars in tandem, the analysis has been often limited to equipment that come in ‘set’ of interceptor missiles. Building upon the technical anatomy of the BMD and ISR and literatures on deterrence and defense, this study posits the BMD and ISR as composite means of active deterrence and defense.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-000-000767722

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 2233-9671
  • : 2714-111X
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2011-2022
  • : 143


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1North Korea's Perception of Gender Equality under the Regimes of Kim Jong-il, and Kim Jong-un

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This study analyzes the meaning of “gender equality” claimed by North Korean authorities under Kim Jong-il and his son Kim Jong-un. North Korean authorities enacted the Law on Gender Equality on July 30, 1946. Since then, North Korean authorities has claimed that all North Koreans―women and men―enjoy equal rights and has published articles re-lated to gender equality in Rodong Sinmun, North Korea's the most powerful newspaper, every year on July 30. The authors collected 420 cases of women's type by North Korean authorities from the articles in Rodong Sinmun and analyzed their meanings during the reigns of Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un. It was found that women's type that emphasized the Owner of the Country occurred the most in Rodong Sinmun. This means that North Korean authorities emphasized that women enjoy the same rights as men thanks to the Law on Gender Equality. Women's type that emphasized the Songun Ideologue, meaning that all related matters in the country were solved by military means first, occurred more often under Kim Jong-il than under Kim Jong-un. Women's type emphasized the Grand Family Holder of Socialist Society, meaning the state as the grand family of socialist fam-ily showed an increasing trend under Kim Jong-un. Based on this analysis, the themes these two leaders emphasized appeared to be reflected in women's type. However, how North Korean authorities perceives women has not changed markedly. The authorities still emphasizes that women can live happily by following the leader's commands.

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This paper analyzes the 2018-2019 peace process between the two Koreas and the United States, relying on perceptional consociationalism. Perceptional consociationalism draws on consociational theory used in Northern Ireland to reach a peaceful agreement, with variables adjusted for the Korean case through the perceptional approach. The present paper qualitatively analyzes each summit using its different variables, i.e., the structure of the negotiation framework, the inclusion of and concessions by key actors, the respect of core interests, and tangible reduction of tensions. We conclude the negotiations collapsed due to the non-respect of the actors' core interests, that a multilateral framework would ensure sustainability, and that the Agreed Framework and the Good Friday Agreement could be used as blueprints for future negotiations.

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저자 : Joo Yeon Lee , Young Soo Kim

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This study examines the issues regarding the categorized migration policies of South Korea through the case of North Korean children born in a third country residing in South Korea. Despite being “legally” granted South Korean citizenship, third-country-born North Korean children (TCBNKC) have, in practice, not been fully accepted as members of Korean society from the broader theoretical perspective on citizenship. We claim that such exclusion from “full citizenship” originates from the group-based or categorized policy approach toward North Koreans and migrants in South Korea. We contend that a 'single comprehensive approach' is imperative as a policy alternative for rectifying the political and social marginalization of the TCBNKC caused by differentiated citizenship and categorical thinking about minorities.

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4The Cyber-Nuclear Nexus and its Impact on the Stability of the International Security Order

저자 : Seung Hugh Shin

발행기관 : 이화여자대학교 통일학연구원 간행물 : Journal of Peace and Unification 12권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 79-110 (32 pages)

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This paper analyzes the impact of the emerging 'cyber-nuclear nexus' on the structural, constitutive, and institutional elements of the international security order to examine the possibility of changes in the stability of the order. Based on the analyses, the paper argues that the cyber-nuclear nexus causes or has the potential to cause changes in the stability of the order on three levels. First, there are signs of change in the unequal distribution of power between countries based on traditional military resources and the international hi-erarchy, in other words, the 'structural element' of the order is changing accordingly, as the vulnerability of conventional military resources to cyber threats increases due to the digitalization of military resources including nuclear weapons. Second, as the influence of non-state actors as the subject of cyber-nuclear threats is expanding, the 'constitutive ele-ment' of the order, which originally assumes the sovereign state as the only subject and object of security, is changing. Third, as the need for combining the non-proliferation/nu-clear security-related regimes and cyber security-related norms to manage the growing cyber-nuclear threats increases, changes are expected in the 'institutional element' of the order that is expressed through international institutions. Among the three, the changes in the structural and constitutive elements are accelerated as they interlock with the strategic competition between the U.S. and China that is already jeopardizing the stability of the existing order.

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5Exposure Status and Characteristics of North Korea's Internet Information : Focusing on the Information Restricted for Domestic Use

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This study examined the characteristics of exposing Internet information during the Kim Jong-un reign, analyzing the material blocked in South Korea among Internet information directly and indirectly operated by North Korea for ten years from 2011 to 2020.
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How do great powers manage their alliances with smaller states? Despite the risk of en-trapment, crises may also be perceived as opportunities to gain private information about others. Based on this logic, I argue that both status quo and revisionist powers uncertain about the system either welcome or condone belligerent behavior by their smaller allies and thus loosely manage their relationships. Certain revisionist powers also consider crises beneficial due to this dynamic, but oversee the action of their protégés more closely to prevent it from interfering with their own strategy to revise the system. In contrast, certain status quo powers most closely control their client allies to prevent entrapment. In other words, uncertainty causes great powers to wag their tails.

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South and North Korea have been divided over 70 years in a risky tension resulted from the ideological conflicts among superpower states in the cold war era. In the astonishing changes over the innovative development in global politics, economics, and the social en-vironment, however, the situation of the two Koreas pursuing different paths looks un-shakable. This article tries to revoke the fundamental question of the two Koreas' shared goals and values from the same origin. What are the supreme standards and ideals the two Koreas should pursue toward a peaceful and prosperous future as a harmonized global leader? This research tries to suggest a constructive discussion on this question guided in the international relations (IR) theories and public diplomacy (PD) practices providing rational and practical approaches stepping forward to the wayward mission of 'benefiting human beings in a holistic way' and hopefully reaching the 'peaceful unification.'

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4A Composite Look into South Korea and Japan's Missile Defense and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Capabilities

저자 : Bee-yun Jo

발행기관 : 이화여자대학교 통일학연구원 간행물 : Journal of Peace and Unification 11권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 81-111 (31 pages)

다운로드

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초록보기

While North Korea's increasing asymmetric capabilities have impelled both South Korea and Japan to seek arms build-up in their conventional means to detect, defend, and/or 'hit-to-kill' incoming targets, South Korea and Japan have shown intriguing level of divergence in their armaments and enthusiasm in joining the US-led BMD in the region. Yet, as this study finds, existing studies on South Korea and Japan's BMD have been, what this study calls, 'interceptor-oriented.' Although the literatures on the BMD address the role of sen-sors and radars in tandem, the analysis has been often limited to equipment that come in 'set' of interceptor missiles. Building upon the technical anatomy of the BMD and ISR and literatures on deterrence and defense, this study posits the BMD and ISR as composite means of active deterrence and defense.

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