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영남중국어문학회> 중국어문학> 丁謂詠物詩硏究

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丁謂詠物詩硏究

侯美靈
  • : 영남중국어문학회
  • : 중국어문학 87권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 33-58(26pages)
중국어문학

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 緒論
Ⅱ. 丁謂詠物詩的特徵
Ⅲ. 丁謂詠物詩的意義
Ⅳ. 結論

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This paper is an investigation of Ding Wei's Object-chanting poems. In the early Song Dynasty, Ding Wei, referring to the category of Shi Lei Fu, created more than 100 Object- chanting poems in the form of Li Qiao's Five-character poetry. The main contents are flowers and trees, birds and animals, insects and fish, food and clothing, which guide the development direction of chanting poetry in the Northern Song Dynasty. Although Ding Wei was regarded as one of the members of Xikun style, his themes are more extensive and his creative ideas are more positive than those of Xikun style. Ding Wei was a master of a poem with one word title of chanting things in the early Northern Song Dynasty. He was the forerunner of the Song poetry's characteristics of “Taking talents as poems, and discussing as poems”, and made great contributions to the establishment of the model of chanting things in the Song Dynasty.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-700-000771901

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 중어중문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1225-083x
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1980-2022
  • : 1820


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Through this study on 'zuo(做)' and 'gao(搞)', we reached several conclusions as follows. First, diachronically, 'zuo' originated from the original ancient word 'zuo(作)', and only after the inter-Korean dynasty came to have the meaning of 'do' and 'to die', and the frequency and scope of use gradually after the Tang five Dynasty. Began to expand and become vain. On the other hand, 'gao(搞)' is a Southwest dialect, and was absorbed into modern Chinese until around 1950, and the vocabulary meaning and grammar function of modern Chinese were established. These two verbs are similar but have different syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic differences due to the difference in historical origin and transition process.
Second, syntactically, 'zuo(做)' is mainly combined with a two-syllable noun or verb object, while 'gao(搞)' is combined with a one-syllable bore or a complex object form of three or more syllables. This is considered to be the influence of the trend of two syllables and four syllables in modern Chinese phonemes. In addition, the common adverbs, syntax forms, and types of bore that the two verbs combine were somewhat different. 'zuo(做)' is mainly combined with 'modal adverb', which indicates the way of action or attitude, while 'gao(搞)' was strongly combined with the 'degree adverb', which mainly indicates the state or degree.
Third, semantically, 'zuo(做)' and 'gao(搞)' showed differences not only in their intrinsic verb meanings, but also in the semantic qualities of the object components they combine. 'zuo(做)' is mainly [+status] [+relationship] [+industry] [+activity] mainly [+Independent] [+specific] [+action] [+medium・positive], etc. In addition to the meaning of 'to engage', the meaning of 'to become', 'to take on', 'to produce', and 'to proceed', while 'gao(搞)' mainly refers to [-status] [-relationship] [+industry] [+system]. In combination with semantic features such as [±Independent] [+abstract] [+state] [+negative], the meaning of 'to engage' or 'execute' was expressed.
Fourth, pragmatically, 'zuo(做)' and 'gao(搞)' have a difference in stylistic colors, and 'zuo(做)' derived from '作' used in ancient texts is mainly government agencies. It is used in formal documents such as the system and official documents, and is mainly used in written form in modern Chinese, whereas 'gao', which originally originated in the Southwest dialect and has a strong regional character, naturally has a strong regional color, so it is a significant part of the colloquial language in modern Chinese.
In conclusion, the two dummy verbs of Chinese 'zuo(做)' and 'gao(搞)' have considerable differences in actual syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic terms, although they seem to have similar usages formally. It is the result of changes in connection with each other.

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6普通话体标记“着/在”与上海话“辣~”的对比分析

저자 : 张玉芳

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 87권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 157-181 (25 pages)

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“Zhe” and “Zai” are imperfective markers in Mandarin. “Zhe” is durative aspect, “Zai” is progressive aspect. “Zhe” and “Zai” have a close relationship in the diachronic development. They are both related to locative meaning and have gone through the process of grammaticalization from verb to preposition to aspect mark.
In Shanghai dialect, the corresponding aspect marks of “Zhe” and “Zai” are in “laʔ(辣~)”category of words, which can represent the continuous meaning, as well as the progressive meaning. They have the grammatical function of the verb, the preposition, the aspect auxiliary, the adverb and the modal particle. This phenomenon of using the same grammatical form to express different meanings not only exists in Shanghai dialect, but also in other dialects, which reflects the commonality in language development.
By comparing them with “Zhe” and “Zai”, we find that they have a lot in common with “laʔ(辣~)”category of words in Shanghai dialect. First of all, they appear after verbs when they serve as the aspect marker of continuous form. The aspect marks that act as progressive elements all come before the verb. Secondly, their grammaticalization process is relatively similar, and the verb collocation with them requires the semantic feature of [+persistence]. However, they also have some differences.

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7현대중국어 울타리어 청설(聽說)와 의문문 유형의 공기 제약 및 화용 기능

저자 : 한서영

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 87권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 177-212 (36 pages)

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This paper deals with pragmatic constraints on co-occurrence between the attribution shield hedge “tingshuo” and the interrogative type in Modern Chinese. Based on CCL corpus analysis, it has been revealed that the hedge “tingshuo” only co-occur with the yes/no interrogatives with rising intonation and the tag questions. This can be interpreted as the mitigation strategy to produce conversational implicature by moving deictic center. It was also related to the indirect speech act to protect hearer's face by weakening the illocutionary force. Moreover, the hedge “tingshuo” in interrogatives plays an important role to start a conversation and to socialize with people. Lastly, the hedge “tingshuo” can function as an indicator of the degree of questioning. These results differ from the existing viewpoint of conventional structural linguistics, which call for more research in syntax-pragmatics interface.

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8한국과 대만의 제2외국어 교육 정책 비교 연구-고등학교 제2외국어 교육과정 변천을 중심으로-

저자 : 박종연

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 87권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 213-236 (24 pages)

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'Language' is an important tool of communication and thoughts for human being. And the people's ability of foreign languages of a country represents its national competitiveness and could be a criteria of a way of thinking. Therefore, foreign language education is very important to maintain the relationship between countries in the era of internationalization. In addition, using and speaking foreign languages could help all of us to exchange and share the thoughts and culture with others in foreign countries.
When a country establishes a policy of foreign language education, it is necessary to consider a various kinds of factors beyond the basic aspects of language education. Also, foreign language education could represents cultivating intellectual capacity of the people, and furthermore, it has very much related to future development of the country in the fields of society, politics and economy.
Since geographically, the two countries, Taiwan and Korea are very close each other, economic performances between the countries have been very active. The purpose of this paper is to help establish the second foreign language education policy and prepare for improvement plans in the future by examining the similarities and differences between the high school second language education policies of Taiwan and Korea.

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9한국인 학습자를 위한 HSK 동사 등급 탐구

저자 : 진현 , 박병선

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 87권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 237-260 (24 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to statistically verify that the HSK verb vocabulary grade is not suitable for Korean learners. For example, when targeting Korean learners, even if the verb vocabulary is at the same grade, there may be a difference in average scores between the vocabularies. On the contrary, although the series of the HSK verb vocabulary are different, we try to verify that the scores may be similar among the vocabulary types.
First, there was a statistically significant difference in scores for grade 5 'Chinese characters' and grade 5 'nonequivalent word', grade 5 'Equivalent' and grade 5 'nonequivalent word'. There was a statistically significant difference between the grade 6 'Chinese characters' and grade 6 'nonequivalent word'. It can be seen that the HSK verb vocabulary grade is not suitable for Korean learners.
Second, HSK grade 4 'Chinese characters' and grade 6 'Chinese characters', grade 5 'Chinese characters' and grade 6 'Chinese characters' had similar scores. There was a vocabulary with a similar score difference in the 'Equivalent' and 'nonequivalent word'. The verb vocabulary is grade 4, grade 5, and grade 6, but the difference in grades is not significant.
In this study, it was verified whether the difficulty of grade 5 vocabularies could be made similar by adjusting the series of some vocabulary types related to grade 5. As a result, the scores of the grade 5 'Chinese characters', the grade 5 'Equivalent', and the grade 5 'nonequivalent word' were similar for the grade 5 subjects.

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