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한국환경복원기술학회> 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술)> 도시계획 수립에 있어 도시생태현황지도 활용방안 연구 - 용도지역과 시가화예정용지를 중심으로 -

KCI등재

도시계획 수립에 있어 도시생태현황지도 활용방안 연구 - 용도지역과 시가화예정용지를 중심으로 -

A Study on the Utilization of Biotope Map in Urban Planning - Focusing on the land use designation and planned urbanized area -

권전오 ( Kwon¸ J Eon-o ) , 박석철 ( Park¸ Seok-cheol ) , 백승아 ( Baek¸ Seung-a )
  • : 한국환경복원기술학회
  • : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 24권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 31-46(16pages)
한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서 론
Ⅱ. 재료 및 방법
Ⅲ. 결과 및 고찰
Ⅳ. 결 론
References

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초록 보기

In South Korea, there is a growing domestic need for a biotope map which contains ecological and environmental geographic information of a city. After the production of a Urban Ecological Maps(biotope map) by the Seoul metropolitan government in 2000, Natural Environment Conservation Act was revised in 2017 to make it mandatory for a local government to draw up its own urban ecological map. The aim of the present study was to find out ways to utilize an urban ecological map as a mean of communication between natural environment planning and urban planning sectors in a preliminary stage before introducing a big framework of ‘environmental and ecological planning.' The northern area of Incheon metropolitan city was selected as the target area for this study. The major research content includes a comparative analysis of special-purpose zones, urban planning zones, restricted development zones, and conservation forests with focus on biotope types and Grades 1 of ‘Biotope Type Assessment.' Farmland biotopes and forest biotopes within an area designated as an urban zone (residential, commercial and industrial zones) need to be redesignated as a zone which can conserve them. Especially considering a high possibility of damage to a large scale of natural green areas, these areas need to be readjusted immediately. If the entire area designated as an urban planning zone is to be developed, it is likely to cause serious damage to natural biotopes in the area (56.2%), including farmland biotope (30.4%), forest biotope (15.0%) and grassland biotope (10.8%), and thus, readjustment is needed. In case of a conservation forest, as it can possibly be damaged by the designation of special-purpose zones, it is necessary to match the designation of conservation forests or a special-purpose zones with their biotope types. In conclusion, we present a variety of thematic maps for utilization of an urban ecological map and propose a phase-specific environmental and ecological plan. Phase 1 is the establishment of a urban plan in consideration of ecological status; Phase 2 is the independent establishment of an environmental and ecological plan by an environment department; Phase 3 is an integrated management of ecological planning system and urban planning system.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-500-000776480

간행물정보

  • : 공학분야  > 환경공학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 격월
  • : 1229-3032
  • : 2733-5011
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1998-2022
  • : 1311


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25권4호(2022년 08월) 수록논문
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1차광처리가 벌개미취와 구절초의 생장 및 생리적 특성에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김동학 ( Kim Dong-hak ) , 김영은 ( Kim Young-eun ) , 김상준 ( Kim Sang-jun )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 25권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-13 (13 pages)

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본 연구에서는 차광처리가 벌개미취와 구절초의 생리적 반응에 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위해, 대조구(0%)와 3개의 서로 다른 차광처리구(50%, 75%, 95%)를 설치하고 엽록소 함량, 생장 및 광합성 특성을 조사하였다.
벌개미취와 구절초 모두 차광수준이 높아질수록 낮은 광도에 적응하기 위해 광합성에 대한 빛의 흡수 효율이 높은 잎이 형성되었다. 또한 차광수준이 높아질수록 낮은 광도에서 광합성을 수행하기 위해 암호흡속도의 저하와 광보상점의 감소가 나타났고, 광합성 효율을 높이기 위해 엽록소 함량과 순양자수율이 증가하였다. 광합성 속도는 대조구에서 가장 높았고 차광수준이 높아질수록 저하하였다. 대조구에서는 강광에 의한 수분손실을 막기 위해 기공전도도와 증산속도가 감소하였다. 50% 차광처리구의 기공전도도와 증산속도는 대조구에 비해 높았으나, 75%와 95% 차광처리구에서는 더 낮게 나타나 광합성 효율이 떨어지는 것으로 나타났다. 수분이용 효율 또한 광합성속도와 유사한 경향으로 나타났고, 차광수준에 따라서 저하하는 것으로 나타났다. 벌개미취는 전천광보다 낮은 광 조건에서 생육할 시 광합성 능력이 저하하는 것으로 보이며, 구절초의 경우 50% 차광처리까지는 광합성에 큰 영향을 끼치지 않는 것으로 판단된다. 벌개미취와 구절초는 광을 제한하여 차광 상태를 지속하게 되면 생육에 불리할 것으로 판단된다. 이러한 벌개미취와 구절초의 생육특성은 상층 임관이 존재하지 않은 DMZ 불모지와 같은 환경에 도입시키기 적합할 것으로 판단된다.


This study was conducted to investigate the chlorophyll content, photosynthetic characteristics, and growth characteristics of Aster koraiensis and Dendranthema zawadskii var. latiloba according to shading treatment. A. koraiensis and D. zawadskii grew in four different shading treatment plots (0%, 50%, 75% and 95% of full sunlight) for experiments. It was found that as the shading level increased, the total chlorophyll content increased and dark respiration decreased in both A. koraiensis and D. zawadskii, indicating that A. koraiensis and D. zawadskii increase the utilization efficiency for photosynthesis under low light conditions. In addition, as the shading level increased, the net apparent quantum yield increased, resulting in the highest in the 95% shading plot, but the highest photosynthetic rate, water use efficiency, and leaf mass per area (LMA) were shown in the control group than in the shading treatments. The results showed that A. koraiensis and D. zawadskii are heliophytes showing plasticity to light, and if the light is restricted to continue to shade, it may be detrimental to growth. For healthy growth, it is considered suitable to grow A. koraiensis under full light conditions, and D. zawadskii under the light condition that blocks 0-50% of full sunlight.

KCI등재

2스마트 그린인프라 기술을 활용한 도로변 미세먼지 저감장치의 성능 및 유지·관리 비용 평가

저자 : 송규성 ( Song Kyu-sung ) , 석영선 ( Seok Young-sun ) , 임효숙 ( Yim Hyo-sook ) , 전진형 ( Chon J In-hyung )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 25권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 15-31 (17 pages)

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The Green Purification Unit System (GPUS) is a green infrastructure facility applicable to the roadside to reduce particulate matter from road traffic. This study introduces two types of GPUS (type1 and type2) and assesses the performance and maintenance costs of each of them. The GPUS's performance analysis used the data collected in November 2021 after the installation of the GPUS type1 and type2 at the study site in Suwon. The changes in the particulate matter concentration near the GPUS were measured. The maintenance cost of GPUS type1 and type2 was assessed by calculating the initial installation cost and the management and repair cost after installation. The results of the performance analysis showed that the GPUS type1, which was manufactured by combining plants and electric dust collectors, had a superior particulate matter reduction performance. In particular, type1 produced a greater effect of particulate matter reduction in the time with a high concentration (50μg/㎥ or higher) of particulate matter due to the operation of electric dust collectors. GPUS type2, which was designed in the form of a plant wall without applying an electric dust collector, showed lower reduction performance than type1 but showed sufficiently improved performance compared to the existing band green area. Meanwhile, the GPUS type1 had three times higher costs for the initial installation than GPUS type2. In terms of costs for managing and repairing, it was evaluated that type1 would be slightly more costly than type2. Finally, this study discussed the applicability of two types of GPUS based on the result of the analysis of their particulate matter performance and maintenance cost at the same time. Since GPUS type2 has a cheaper cost than type1, it could be more economical. However, in the area suffering a high concentration of particulate matter, GPUS type1 would be more effective than type2. Therefore, the choice of GPUS types should rely on the status of particulate matter concentration in the area where GPUS is being installed.

KCI등재

3멧돼지(Sus scrofa) 서식지 및 이동 특성을 고려한 연결성 모델링 연구

저자 : 이현정 ( Lee Hyun-jung ) , 김휘문 ( Kim Whee-moon ) , 김경태 ( Kim Kyeong-tae ) , 정승규 ( Jeong Seung-gyu ) , 김유진 ( Kim Yu-jin ) , 이경진 ( Lee Kyung Jin ) , 김호걸 ( Kim Ho Gul ) , 박찬 ( Park Chan ) , 송원경 ( Song Won-kyong )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 25권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-47 (15 pages)

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Wild boars(Sus scrofa ) are expanding their range of behavior as their habitats change. Appearing in urban centers and private houses, it caused various social problems, including damage to crops. In order to prevent damage and effectively manage wild boars, there is a need for ecological research considering the characteristics and movement characteristics of wild boars. The purpose of this study is to analyze home range and identify land cover types in key areas through tracking wild boars, and to predict the movement connectivity of wild boars in consideration of previous studies and their preferred land use characteristics. In this study, from January to June 2021, four wild boars were captured and tracked in Jinju city, Gyeongsangnam-do, and the preferred land cover type of wild boars was identified based on the MCP 100%, KDE 95%, and KDE 50% results. As a result of the analysis of the home range for each individual, it was found that 100% of MCP was about 0.68㎢, 2.77㎢, 2.42㎢, and 0.16㎢, and the three individuals overlapped the home range, refraining from habitat movement and staying in the preferred area. The core areas were analyzed as about 0.55㎢, 2.05㎢, 0.82㎢, and 0.14㎢ with KDE 95%., and about 0.011㎢, 0.033㎢, 0.004㎢, and 0.003㎢ with KDE 50%. When the preferred land cover type of wild boar was confirmed based on the results of analysis of the total home range area and core area that combined all individuals, forests were 55.49% (MCP 100%), 54.00% (KDE 95%), 77.69% (KDE 50%), respectively, with the highest ratio, and the urbanization area, grassland, and agricultural area were relatively high. A connectivity scenario was constructed in which the ratio of the land cover type preferred by the analyzed wild boar was reflected as a weight for the resistance value of the connectivity analysis, and this was compared with the connectivity evaluation results analyzed based on previous studies and wild boar characteristics. When the current density values for the wild boar movement data were compared, the average value of the existing scenario was 2.76, the minimum 1.12, and the maximum 4.36, and the weighted scenario had an average value of 2.84, the minimum 0.96, and the maximum 4.65. It was confirmed that, on average, the probability of movement predictability was about 2.90% better even though the weighted scenario had movement restrictions due to large resistance values. It is expected that the identification of the movement route through the movement connectivity analysis of wild boars can be suggested as an alternative to prevent damage by predicting the point of appearance. In the future, when analyzing the connectivity of species including wild boar, it is judged that it will be effective to use movement data on actual species.

KCI등재

4공원 수목 데이터베이스를 활용한 시민 과학 기반 Mapbox 온라인 지도 시각화 및 활용 연구 - 서울숲 공원의 수종별 수목 데이터를 활용하여 -

저자 : 김도은 ( Kim Do-eun ) , 김성환 ( Kim Sung-hwan ) , 최성우 ( Choi Seong-woo ) , 손용훈 ( Son Yong-hoon ) , 조경진 ( Zoh Kyung-jin )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 25권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 49-65 (17 pages)

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Since trees in the city are green assets that create a healthy environment for the city, systematic management of trees improves urban ecosystem services. The sporadic urban tree information centered on the site is vast, and it is difficult to manage the data, so efforts to increase efficiency are needed. This paper summarizes tree data inventory based on data constructed by Seoul Green Trust activists and constructs and discloses online database maps using Tableau Software. In order to verify the utilization of the map, we divided into consumer and supplier aspects to collect various opinions and reflect feedback to implement tree database maps for each area and species of Seoul Forest. As a result, the utilization value of tree database in urban parks was presented. The technical significance of this study is to systematically record the process of constructing and implementing a dashboard directly using the Mapbox platform and Tableau Software in the field of landscaping for the first time in Korea. In addition, the implications and supplements of landscape information were derived by collecting user opinions on the results. This can be used as an exploratory basis in the process of developing online-based services such as web and apps by utilizing landscaping tree information in the future. Although the visualization database currently constructed has limitations that ordinary users cannot interact in both directions because it utilizes business intelligence tools in terms of service provision it has affirmed both the database construction and its usability in web public format. In the future it is essential to investigate the assets of the trees in the city park and to build a database as a public asset of the city. The survey participants positively recognized that information is intuitively presented based on the map and responded that it is necessary to provide information on the overall urban assets such as small parks and roadside trees by using open source maps in the future.

KCI등재

5덕산(강화군)의 관속식물 목록

저자 : 김중현 ( Kim Jung-hyun ) , 박성애 ( Park Sung-ae ) , 현창우 ( Hyun Chang Woo )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 25권 4호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 67-89 (23 pages)

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This study aimed to elucidate the distribution of vascular plants on the Deok mountain in Ganghwa-gun, Korea. The results of 10 field surveys from March to October of 2019 identified 532 taxa in total, representing 482 species, 9 subspecies, 39 varieties, 1 form, and 1 hybrid in 318 genera and 105 families. The plant formation of Deok mountain is the deciduous broad-leaved and conifer mixed forest, which is the common one in the middle region of the Korean Peninsula. Among them, 301 taxa were newly recorded in this study, 7 taxa were endemic plants to Korea, 3 taxa were red list plants. The floristic target plants amounted to 41 taxa, specifically 1 taxon of grade Ⅴ, 2 taxa of grade Ⅳ, 7 taxa of grade Ⅲ, 9 taxa of grade Ⅱ, and 22 taxa of grade Ⅰ. Alien plants were recorded a total of 73 taxa with a naturalized index of 13.7%, the urbanization index was calculated to be 11.8% and 4 taxa were ecosystem disturbance plants.

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1불모지 내 활용 가능한 자생식물의 발아특성 연구

저자 : 김동학 ( Kim¸ Dong-hak ) , 김상준 ( Kim¸ Sang-jun ) , 유승봉 ( Yu¸ Seung-bong ) , 박기쁨 ( Bak¸ Gippeum )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-14 (14 pages)

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This study suggested suitable soil textures that is proper to propagate native plants to manage and restore barren land in DMZ. Germination tests were conducted for 16 native herbaceous plants growing in the DMZ border area in accordance with FAO-BI (Biodiversity International) standards, and the germination rate and T50 in vitro were investigated. In order to examine the germination characteristics according to the soil textures, we used gravel, bed and mixed soil and investigated the germination characteristics under ordinary room temperature conditions in the greenhouse. As a result, it was observed that the germination rate in the greenhouse was significantly decreased compared to the germination rate in vitro of the species advertised due to soil textures. T50 between the in vitro and each soil texture showed significant differences whereas T50 between soil textures alone did not in all species advertised. The germination rate in vitro of Aster koraiensis, Dendranthema zawadskii var. latilobum, Hosta clausa , and Hosta minor there was no significant difference compared to ordinary room temperature conditions. In addition, as the germination rate is demonstrated more than 70%, which is relatively higher than other species advertised, it is considered to have strong environmentally adaptable. On the other hand, considering that the 6 species of Leontopodium coreanum, Plantago major , Potentilla chinensis, Sedum kamtschaticum, Sedum latiovalifolium, and Veronica kiusiana demonstrated less than 50% of germination rate in vitro, it is expected to be difficult to propagate without pre-treatment. In order to use these 6 species as restoration material plants, it needs to be considered to pre-treat to improve germination rate, or to enhance the vitality of seeds by improving the seed gathering period and storage method.

KCI등재

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발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 15-29 (15 pages)

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Urban green spaces offer a variety of benefits to living things and humans. However, existing green spaces have been reduced and fragmented due to urbanization, and there is a limit to creating new large green spaces in densely developed cities. Street trees have fewer restrictions on land use, which can be a measure to secure green areas in cities. In Korea, excessive pruning is being done on some street trees for reasons such as blocking of building signboards, contact with electric wires, and restrictions on sidewalk widths. Therefore, it is necessary to quantitatively understand the relationship between the benefits provided by street trees and their structures to come up with an efficient and systematic planning and management plan for urban street trees. In this study, we quantitatively analyzed the relationship between the thermal comfort improvement by the shades of street trees and the vertical structure, planting environment, and types of street trees. To calculate the thermal comfort felt by human body, we calculated UTCI (Universal Thermal Climate Index) of each street tree. For the vertical structure of street trees, we used Terrestrial LiDAR and the point clouds of street tree's crown was sliced vertically at 1m intervals. We conducted a multiple regression analysis on the thermal comfort improvement using the variables we obtained from fields. As a result, in the case of a street tree's vertical structure, the lager the volume of tree's crown located 3-4m (β=0.298, p<.05) and 6-7m (β=0.568, p<.001) above clear length, the better the cooling effect. In addition, the thermal comfort improvement was assessed to decrease as the DBH increased (β=-0.435, p<.001). In general, the crown diameter and DBH are positively correlated, with a cooling effect occurring as crown diameter increases. In this study, the opposite result was obtained due to the small number of trees measured, so additional research is needed by increasing the number of tree samples. In the case of the planting environment, the effect of improving thermal comfort was higher in the shaded area of trees planted to the south (β=-0.541, p<.001). Since unsystematic management of street trees can deteriorate the function of them, quantitative evaluations of the vertical structure of street trees are required, which can provide specific measures for planning and management of urban street trees with thermal comfort effect.

KCI등재

3도시계획 수립에 있어 도시생태현황지도 활용방안 연구 - 용도지역과 시가화예정용지를 중심으로 -

저자 : 권전오 ( Kwon¸ J Eon-o ) , 박석철 ( Park¸ Seok-cheol ) , 백승아 ( Baek¸ Seung-a )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 31-46 (16 pages)

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In South Korea, there is a growing domestic need for a biotope map which contains ecological and environmental geographic information of a city. After the production of a Urban Ecological Maps(biotope map) by the Seoul metropolitan government in 2000, Natural Environment Conservation Act was revised in 2017 to make it mandatory for a local government to draw up its own urban ecological map. The aim of the present study was to find out ways to utilize an urban ecological map as a mean of communication between natural environment planning and urban planning sectors in a preliminary stage before introducing a big framework of 'environmental and ecological planning.' The northern area of Incheon metropolitan city was selected as the target area for this study. The major research content includes a comparative analysis of special-purpose zones, urban planning zones, restricted development zones, and conservation forests with focus on biotope types and Grades 1 of 'Biotope Type Assessment.' Farmland biotopes and forest biotopes within an area designated as an urban zone (residential, commercial and industrial zones) need to be redesignated as a zone which can conserve them. Especially considering a high possibility of damage to a large scale of natural green areas, these areas need to be readjusted immediately. If the entire area designated as an urban planning zone is to be developed, it is likely to cause serious damage to natural biotopes in the area (56.2%), including farmland biotope (30.4%), forest biotope (15.0%) and grassland biotope (10.8%), and thus, readjustment is needed. In case of a conservation forest, as it can possibly be damaged by the designation of special-purpose zones, it is necessary to match the designation of conservation forests or a special-purpose zones with their biotope types. In conclusion, we present a variety of thematic maps for utilization of an urban ecological map and propose a phase-specific environmental and ecological plan. Phase 1 is the establishment of a urban plan in consideration of ecological status; Phase 2 is the independent establishment of an environmental and ecological plan by an environment department; Phase 3 is an integrated management of ecological planning system and urban planning system.

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4카노 모델을 이용한 고창 자연마당의 서비스 품질 속성 분류

저자 : 홍진표 ( Hong¸ Jin-pyo ) , 심윤진 ( Shim¸ Yun-jin ) , 강필구 ( Kang¸ Pil-goo ) , 최영자 ( Choi¸ Young-ja ) , 어양준 ( Eo¸ Yang-jun ) , 서경원 ( Seo¸ Kyung-won )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 47-60 (14 pages)

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This study was conducted to classify quality attributes for quality elements of public service targeting Gochang Jayeonmadang and analyze their impact on resident satisfaction and dissatisfaction by each service quality element by using the Kano model and the customer satisfaction coefficient and dissatisfaction coefficient of Timko(1993). As a result of the study, all 20 quality elements of public service were classified as one-dimensional attributes. Since the Jayeonmadang project restores the damaged natural environment and restores the ecosystem, it is judged that satisfaction is proportionately satisfied as the natural environment has been restored and the ecosystem has been restored. According to Timko (1993)'s analysis of customer satisfaction coefficient, it is believed that the most effective way to improve residents' satisfaction is to carefully establish and implement maintenance plans and to create a good environment to ensure that plants have settled.

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5가로녹지 유형이 보행공간의 초미세먼지에 미치는 영향 분석 - 미기후 시뮬레이션을 활용하여 -

저자 : 김신우 ( Kim¸ Shin-woo ) , 이동근 ( Lee¸ Dong-kun ) , 배채영 ( Bae¸ Chae-young )

발행기관 : 한국환경복원기술학회 간행물 : 한국환경복원기술학회지 (환경복원기술) 24권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 61-75 (15 pages)

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Roadside greenery in the city is not only a means of reducing fine dust, but also an indispensable element of the city in various aspects such as improvement of urban thermal environment, noise reduction, ecosystem connectivity, and aesthetics. However, in studies dealing with the effect of reducing fine dust through trees in existing urban spaces, microscopic aspects such as the adsorption effect of plants were dealt with, structural changes such as the width of urban buildings and streets, and the presence or absence of trees, Impact studies that reflect the actual form of In this study, the effect of greenery composition applicable to urban space on PM2.5 was simulated through the microclimate epidemiologic model ENVI-met, and field measurements were performed in parallel to verify the results. In addition, by analyzing the results of fine dust background concentration, wind speed, and leaf area index, the sensitivity to major influencing variables was tested. As a result of the study, it was confirmed that the fine dust reduction effect was the highest in the case with a high planting amount, and the reduction effect was the greatest at a low background concentration. Based on this, the cost of planting street green areas and the effect of reducing PM2.5 were compared. The results of this study can contribute as a basis for considering the effect of pedestrian space on air quality when planning and designing street green spaces.

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