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한일경상학회> 한일경상논집> 중국 IT산업의 일본과의 무역경쟁력 연구

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중국 IT산업의 일본과의 무역경쟁력 연구

A Study on the Qualitative Trade Competitiveness of China to Japan in Information Technology Industry

張天笑 ( Tian-xiao Zhang )
  • : 한일경상학회
  • : 한일경상논집 92권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 105-122(18pages)
한일경상논집

DOI

10.46396/Kjem..92.8


목차

1. 서론
2. 중국 IT산업의 무역 현황
3. IT산업의 분류 및 연구방법
4. 무역경쟁력의 실증분석
5. 결론 및 시사점
References

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Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to estimate the qualitative trade competitiveness of China with Japan relative to the information technology (IT) industry covering the period from 2007 to 2017.
Research design, data, and methodology: Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), and Market Comparative Advantage (MCA) are used. Further, an Intra-industry Trade (IIT) index is used to analyze qualitative changes in horizontal intra-industry trade and intraindustry trade of high- and low-quality goods.
Results: According to a general comparative advantage analysis, the IT industry has remained relatively inferior in trade with Japan. and mainly exports goods of inferior quality and imports goods of superior quality. Broadcasting equipment and information equipment mainly export inferior quality items and export superior quality items. In the case of electronic and semiconductor parts and equipment, inferior quality items are mainly exported, but the quality of export items has improved. As a result, it cannot be overlooked that the proportion of exports of superior quality items has increased. Also, in the case of communication equipment, it was found that items of inferior quality were mainly exported, but the proportion of exports of superior quality increased significantly, which indicates that the quality of export items has improved.
Implications: In the trade with Japan, China’s IT industry’s exports and imports have increased. Although the deficit has decreased, it is still at a relatively disadvantage, especially for semiconductors, broadcasting equipment, and flat-panel display manufacturing equipment. In order to solve these problems, it is necessary to increase the production of high value-added products and further improve the technological level. In this regard, the Chinese government should actively formulate development plans and increase policy and capital investment.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-300-000783365

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 경영학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1226-3877
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1984-2022
  • : 776


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1일본의 ESG 현황: ESG 투자를 중심으로

저자 : 황성호 ( Seung-ho Hwang )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 95권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-19 (19 pages)

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Purpose: Japan is experiencing a rapid increase in ESG investment in addition to the SDGs in response to the tide of the times surged by global ESG. With global efforts to build a sustainable society, the recognition that non-financial information affects the sustainability of long-term companies is spreading. The Japanese government is making a struggle to achieve its target after declared to achieve “carbon neutrality” by 2050. After GPIF has led the way in ESG investment from 2015, ESG investment increased up to 55% during the last five years. However, Japanese ESG ranking by ESG rating agencies is still not high. Japan is expected to focus on ESG investment by financial institutions for the time being. While the correlation between ESG investment and performance is still unclear, the question of persistence of ESG investment is also being continued. The supporting SDGs through ESG Investment of considering the environment and society is important. This paper is to survey the trends and issues of ESG in Japan related to ESG investments and insurance industry in Japan.
Research design, data, and methodology: The paper focused on the trend of ESG in Japan through previous ESG-related literature and the related articles retrieved from homepages of institutions for verifying recent data. This paper is composed by three areas, first, the trend of each ESG engagement of Japanese companies, second, the trend of ESG investment and third, the ESG trend of Insurance industry in Japan.
Results: ESG investment in Japan has been leading the long term strategies of Japanese companies to be more actively involved in ESG. The correlation between ESG investment and financial performance is positive until now according to previous studies. However, after the face of huge risks such as COVID-19, the evaluation of ESG investment should be considered as a risk mitigation effect. Japanese companies see ESG as an opportunity to improve the value of existence and future business opportunities. It is also true for Japanese companies to see ESG as the critical issues for meaningful to stakeholders, higher ROE and positioning with SDGs. The empirical researches on the criteria for ESG investment are suggested to need more time series data and risk mitigation effects. The correlation of ESG-related indexes, the standardization ESG rating and the correlation of ESG and corporate value creation also should be further studied in the future.
Implications: After the 2020 declaration of carbon neutrality, Japan is committed to achieving the goals of SDGs through ESG investment. However, it is true that it has yet to be evaluated lower by the ESG rating agencies compared to the rapid increase in ESG investment. Long-term research on the correlation between ESG investment and financial performance be emphasized specially under COVID-19 and low growth. ESG-related social environment is expected not to end in a short-term boom in Japan. Korea and Japan have also similar financial and business structures, and this paper can be referred to study Korea's future ESG policies.

KCI등재

2미일 무역협정 체결과 효과에 대한 일고찰

저자 : 김용민 ( Yong-min Kim )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 95권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 21-32 (12 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study is a discussion of Trade Agreement in products and the Digital Trade Agreement between US and Japan. This study contains an investigation of the process and the highlight of the agreement. By the trade agreement, US has obtained the Third biggest agricultural market which came after the decline in the nation's trade deficit with Japan and the opening of agricultural market. In contrast to US, the aim of Japan's trade agreement was avoiding tax-increasing on cars and its components. In this study, the issues and arguments caused by these different aims of the agreement will be analyzed.
Research design, data, and methodology: The contents of the study are 1) an investigation on the details of US-Japan Trade Agreement, 2) an analysis of the highlight of Trade Agreement in products and the Digital Trade Agreement, 3) a comparison of importation of tax-decreased products by the trade agreement, 4) an investigation on the safeguard of Japan which was instituded during the trade situation, 5) the conclusion of this study. The contents of the study has its value in analyzing the issues and the arguments of these trade agreements.
Results: The comparison of Japan's importation with US between 2019 and 2021 is as follows. The percentages of foods and chemical products did not show meaningful change. The figure in ordinary machines and Electric devices has decreased. Meats and grains account for the 62.5% of total food which were 452.4 billion yens and 516 billion yens respectively. US's importaion with Japan after the agreements accounts for about 5%(6.6 billion dollars) of total importaion with Japan. The importation percentages were ranked as follows: Ordinary machines, components of non-metal products, electric devices, optical instruments, metal products. The rates of these products have not changed in a meaningful figures. Only a few products have changed. The figures of ordinary machines, electric devices, rubbers have decreased.
Implications: The trade between US and Japan was enlarged after the trade agreements between two countries. US oppressed Japan in order to compensate a loss which was caused by withdrawal from the TPP. Japan approached to the agreement with US to avoid tax-increasing in cars and its components. This study is challenging since the study was conducted not long after the agreements. However, the results in this study are valuable as one of the first researchs about the effect of US-Japan trade agreements.

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3한국 벤처기업의 연구개발 활동과 기업성과에 관한 연구: 산업구조특성의 조절효과를 중심으로

저자 : 레나 ( Tran Thi Le Na ) , 유신양 ( Chen-yang Liu ) , 김장훈 ( Jang-hoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 95권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 33-49 (17 pages)

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Purpose: This study proposes to analyze the relationship between venture firms' R&D investment and performance, furthermore to verify the moderating effect of industrial concentration in a row.
Research design, data, and methodology: In order to test the hypotheses, this study was conducted with the panel data of 300 venture firms listed on the Korean KOSDAG market for the period from 2014 to 2020.
Results: The main results of this study are summarized as follows. First, we confirm that R&D investment as an independent variable had a significantly positive(+) effect on technological performance measured by patent, and industrial concentration had a significantly positive(+) moderating effect on the relationship between R&D investment and technological performance. Second, positive correlation was found between R&D investment and return on equity (ROE), market value(Tobin's Q). In addition, industrial concentration had a significantly positive(+) moderating effect on the relationship between R&D investment and ROE, whereas it had a significantly negative(-) moderating effect on the relationship between R&D investment and Tobin's Q. Finally, although technological performance as an independent variable had no significant effect on ROE, meanwhile industrial concentration had a significantly positive(+) moderating effect on the relationship between technological performance and ROE.
Implications: Higher R&D investment helps venture firms increase their technological performance, ROE, and Tobin's Q. However, in non-competitive market, while R&D investment effect on technological performance and ROE is greater, R&D investment has a weaker effect on Tobin's Q. Besides, although technological innovation has no direct correlation with ROE, non-competitive market helps venture firms improve ROE with technological innovation. Last but not least, firms can take advantage of their technological innovation to enhance Tobin's Q, especially in non-competitive market. The findings reveal a more comprehensive picture about the Korean venture firms' R&D investment efficiency and the effect of market structure on R&D investment efficiency, providing insightful implications for firms and government.

KCI등재

4한국 중소기업 온라인 판매채널 형태에 따른 성공요인 및 정책만족도 연구

저자 : 장정재 ( Jung-jae Jang ) , 김홍률 ( Hong-youl Kim )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 95권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 51-63 (13 pages)

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Purpose: With the spread of COVID-19, social distancing became commonplace. With the rise of the contactless economy caused by COVID-19 in 2020, E-commerce has achieved unprecedented development, and as a result, has facilitated the digital economy. This study investigated the online sales status of SMEs in Busan. And the evaluation of Busan's support policy for SMEs to overcome of COVIE-19 was analyzed.
Research design, data, and methodology: For the purpose of this study, an online survey was conducted on SMEs & Traditional Market Workers with experience in using online shopping malls, and 131 valid samples were finally analyzed. The data were processed and analyzed by SPSS 26.0 software, In order to verify the reliability of measurement items, reliability analysis is used. T-test & ANOVA were performed to find whether there is difference between groups in the form of using online channel and success factor.
Implications: The study outcome shows that sale success factors varies in convenient payment system, active marketing activity & free delivery conditions, etc., depending on term of using non-contact online and this tendency was statistically accepted. Price showed clear tendency, although it was not statistically significant. Further, open market entered support, video Marketing support to find overseas market & famous overseas online site entered support, etc., were effective in supporting the overcome of COVID 19 in Busan.

KCI등재

5한국 인구소멸지역의 기업가형 국가 관점 창업벤처 생태계 조성 전략

저자 : 박명현 ( Myung-hyun Park ) , 김영미 ( Young-mi Kim )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 95권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 65-82 (18 pages)

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Purpose: Population decline, the disappearance of local cities, and aging demographics are accelerating social structural changes. Accordingly, the trellima(population outflow, primary industry structure, pandemic) in the west part of Gyeongnam region is expected to be an important variable for regional policies in the future. It is intended to derive a model of the startup venture ecosystem in western Gyeongnam that takes crisis as an opportunity and to establish a public-private cooperation system from an entrepreneurial-type national perspective.
Research design, data, and methodology: To confirm changes in the demographic structure of Western Gyeongnam, the population and migration status of each city and county were checked using statistical data from 2012 to 2020. In addition, statistical analysis was performed to confirm the economic and industrial structure of each region. To compare these results, we looked at overseas cases together. Overseas cases were analyzed in Alvdal in Norway, Hjørring in Denmark, Narpes in Finland, Pitea in Sweden, Paducah in the United States, and Ozmachi in Japan.
Results: As a result of the analysis of overseas cases, the strength of regional development is the educational system that guarantees various creative leisure activities such as cultural and sports facilities. Employment and quality jobs are being achieved through business attraction and start-up venture companies, and cultural innovation based on entrepreneurship is taking place. Through this, the establishment of many start-up venture companies based in the region is promoted every year. In addition, the relatively low cost of living and moving to commercial facilities compared to other areas due to the improvement of the residential environment is leading to an improvement in the quality of life and the formation of a close local community. Therefore, it can be seen that the active social and economic participation of local members is ultimately acting as a fundamental opportunity for regional integration.
Implications: This study is to build a startup venture ecosystem model in a depopulated area. Companies, governments, investors, and research institutes, which are the components of the model, were connected to fit their respective roles to form the model. Local governments can provide government guarantees to businesses, institutions, and investments, and can provide financial support such as local funds. In this way, the initial financial risk of start-up venture companies can be mitigated. And it provides a safety net for active innovation. In the future, securing the driving force for innovative growth will become more important. To this end, as shown in the case study, a plan to internalize entrepreneurship and the startup venture ecosystem in the local community should be prepared.

KCI등재

6eスポーツユーザーのeWOM情報提供で発生した認知副調和が自己合理化と推薦意図に及ぼす影響: 韓国と日本のeスポーツユーザーを中心に

저자 : 김재훈 ( Jae-hun Kim ) , 이승현 ( Sung-hyun Rhee )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 95권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 83-96 (14 pages)

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Purpose: EWOM is an important variable that affects the selection and purchase process of users who enjoy e-sports, and this is likely to lead to other users' willingness to recommend. However, e-sports users do not always have positive and satisfactory experiences through eWOM. Sometimes you experience dissatisfaction with your choice through eWOM, and you can see that you take various actions to resolve complaints after purchasing to remove uncomfortable feelings. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effect of cognitive dissonance according to eWOM for users who enjoy e-sports and to examine the structural relationship of e-sports recommendation intention through self-rationalization of users who have experienced cognitive dissonance.
Research design, data, and methodology: To verify this research model, an online survey was conducted using structured questionnaires for users from both Korea and Japan who have used e-sports within the last three months. Of a total of 180 questionnaires, 160 copies were used for the final analysis, excluding 20 copies with many unfaithful responses or poor internal consistency. After that, through the process of data coding, the SPSS18 program and the AMOS21 analysis program were used to demonstrate the researched and designed structural equation model.
Implications: Summarizing the results of this study, eWOM had a positive (+) effect on both positive and negative inconsistencies in cognitive dissonance. Positive inconsistency was found to have a positive effect on recommendation intention. Negative discrepancies were found to have an effect on self-rationalization, but self-rationalization was found to have no effect on recommendation intention. Finally, it was found that there was a difference between eWOM and e-sports users in Korea and Japan in the structural relationship between cognitive dissonance, selfrationalization, and recommendation intention.

KCI등재

7グローバルEV シフトと日本自動車産業の戦略

저자 : 김양태 ( Yang-tae Kim ) , 시마부쿠로타카시 ( Takashi Shimabukuro )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 95권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 97-108 (12 pages)

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Purpose: The influence of EV shift spreading around the world on Japanese automobile industry due to CASE technical innovation and environmental regulation is examined in this study. In the past, the background of high international competitiveness of Japanese automobile companies has been supported by high technology in Hybrid Vehicle (HV) in addition to highly accumulated technology in the internal combustion engine. However, considerable change and supply chain reorganization is expected in the Japanese automobile industry because CASE and EV shift spreads rapidly. The expansion factor of global EV market, current status of Japanese EV market, the reason to hesitate in EV shift, the strategy of Japanese automobile companies, and the assignment of Japanese automobile industry according to EV shift are analyzed and examined in this study.
Research design, data, and methodology: This study is based on the literature research, expert interview and the data published by each company. A survey on EV market which is expanding due to global CASE and environmental regulation was conducted through the literature research. And then, a research on the strategy of Japanese automobile company for EV shift was conducted through an interview with a supply chain official along with a university researcher in Aichi Prefecture where Toyota Motor Corporation is located. A result discovering the characteristic of EV strategy on each company has been achieved.
Results: At this moment, the EV market in Japan is very small. Expensive vehicle price, inconvenience of charging and mileage problem, etc. are mentioned as the cause of it. Accordingly, Japanese automobile companies have been pursued the global product strategy centered on the HV. HV has been recognized as an eco-friendly vehicle prior to moving to future FCV and EV. The time Japanese automobile companies announced their EV strategy was Year 2021. However, the strategy of each company is very much different. Toyota is pursing an all round strategy which plans bold investment in PHV, FCV, etc. in addition to EV. Nissan is devoting all their energy to develop all-solid-state battery expanding global EV market based on the result which they early focused on EV. At this moment, Nissan is considered as most advanced in the development of all-solid-state battery in Japan. Honda is concentrating on the development of EV and FCV cooperating with GM in US.
Implications: EV has a simple structure unlike traditional gasoline and diesel vehicles. Therefore, the expansion of EV is expected to give inevitable significant influence on the Japanese automobile industry. First, huge EV development and production facility reorganization will cause huge amount of cost. As a next, it is expected the industrial structure to be reorganized with the bankruptcy of existing companies and the entry of new companies based on the reorganization of the supply chain due to the decrease in the number of parts. Accordingly, employment problem also will be emerged seriously. Finally, the change in the Japanese automobile industry will be an important subject for research in the future because it is expected there also will be change in traditional Sryawase type Monozukuri method which has been evaluated as a strength of Japanese manufacturing industry.

KCI등재

8한일간 제조업의 분업구조 변화와 특징 분석

저자 : 왕나시 ( Na-si Wang ) , 이홍배 ( Hong-bae Lee )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 95권 0호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 109-120 (12 pages)

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Purpose: This paper focuses on empirically analyzing the changes and characteristics of the division of labor between the two countries after measuring the dependency relationship between Korea and Japan for the past 20 years. The reason for this is due to the increasing protectionism barriers such as export restrictions between Korea and Japan and trade frictions between the US and China.
Research design, data, and methodology: The analysis The analysis industries in this study are 9 manufacturing industries in Korea and Japan, and the analysis period was set from 2000 to 2020. The analysis method introduces the backward and forward correlation effects of the international industry model, and ADB-MRIO is used for statistics.
Results: As a result of the analysis, it was observed that over the past 20 years, the structure of division of labor between Korea and Japan is changing from Korea's unilateral dependence on Japan in the past to a two-way structure of dependence between Korea and Japan. In particular, both Korea and Japan are highly dependent on each other in the same industries, so-called electric·electronic and precision machinery, metal products, chemical products, general machinery, and transportation machinery, confirming that a close division of labor has been established.
Implications: The analysis results of this study indicate that the level of Korea's production technology for Japan has been improving over the past 20 years, and at the same time suggest that the structure of division of labor between the two countries is deepening due to the increase in Japan's dependence on Korea's production technology.

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1일본의 신자유주의 개혁과 양적완화

저자 : 국민호 ( Min-ho Kuk )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-16 (16 pages)

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Purpose: This article examines how the Japanese government's neoliberal reforms have changed before and after the 2008 U.S.-originated financial crisis. It compares the results of the Koizmi's neoliberal reform and quantitative easing of Abenomics.
Research design, data, and methodology: It compares the achievements of the two Japanese government's neoliberal reforms in the 21st century, especially the Koizumi's neoliberal reform before the 2008 financial crisis and Abenomics, which promoted a stronger market-friendly policy through quantitative easing after the 2008 financial crisis. To prove the results, I used data and informations from published books, articles, and internet.
Results: The analysis shows that there is no significant difference between Koizumi's neoliberal policies through balanced budgets and Abe's neoliberal policies that have been quantitatively perfected. Japan's economic growth was more influenced by external economic conditions such as the U.S.-led financial crisis or China's economic growth than by the reforms of Koizumi and Abe. The more important factors that sustain Japan's economic recession are the internal factors such as depopulation due to the low production & aging and the ever-increasing national debt.
Implications: The more important factor to escape from the long-standing economic recession in Japan is not the neoliberal economic policies but to stopping the tendency to depopulation. Also another important factor for the recovery of the Japanese economy is to lowering the huge national debt. Population losses and a large national debt are two main factors of Japan's economic woes.

KCI등재

2한일제약기업 연구개발비가 미래 이익에 미치는 영향

저자 : 오석진 ( Seok-Jin Oh ) , 이창민 ( Chang-Min Lee )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 17-32 (16 pages)

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Purpose: In contrast to Korea, which introduced IFRS entirely in 2011, Japan has its own accounting standards, and in the case of IFRS, companies can arbitrarily decide to introduce IFRS from 2010. According to IFRS, R&D expenditures that satisfy the capitalization criteria are recognized as assets, but under the Japanese accounting standards, they must be treated as expenses. This paper focuses on the accounting standards for R&D expenditures, and analyzes how R&D expenditures affect future earnings.
Research design, data, and methodology: The analysis subjects were selected as pharmaceutical companies with significant R&D expenditures. Accounting information of pharmaceutical companies in Korea and Japan was collected through the KIS-VALUE database and each company's financial statements. For the analysis method, a fixed-effect model was used.
Results: As a result of the analysis, different results were found in Korean companies depending on the listed market. in the case of KOSPI listed companies, capitalized R&D expenditures had a positive effect on future earnings, but in the case of non-KOSPI listed companies, it had a negative effect. Also, in a study on Japanese companies, it was confirmed that expensed R&D expenditures had a positive effect on future earnings under the Japanese accounting standards but had a negative effect when IFRS was introduced.
Implications: If capitalized R&D expenditures have a positive effect on future earnings, it can consider that R&D expenditures are recognized as assets under the capitalization criteria required by IFRS. In other words, it can be said that Korean KOSPI companies met the capitalization criteria, but in the case of Non-KOSPI companies, capitalized R&D expenditures did not meet the criteria. In Japanese companies, it can be inferred that expensed R&D expenditures did not positively affect future earnings because the companies that adopted IFRS turned R&D expenditures into assets.

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3재일동포기업 롯데의 글로벌 경영전략과 기업가정신

저자 : 임영언 ( Young-eon Yim ) , 박석강 ( Seok-gang Park ) , 김일태 ( Il-tae Kim )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 33-42 (10 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine Japanese-Korean entrepreneur Lotte's management strategy and entrepreneurship. This paper derives the management strategy and entrepreneurship of Lotte, 'Shin, Kyuk-Ho' who contributed to the development of the Japanese economy and the homeland economy after Korean-Japanese companies have successfully developed dynamic business as a minority company overcoming the adversity of discrimination and exclusion in Japanese society.
Research design, data, and methodology: This paper assumes that social factors, economic factors, and political factors in the home country will influence the management strategy of the entrepreneur on the management activities and entrepreneurship of Korean-Japanese companies, and the relationship with the home country, which is a political factor, as a management strategy of Lotte. The analysis was focused on entrepreneurship, which is the personal characteristic of entrepreneurs.
Results: The results of this analysis are as follows. First, from a social point of view, Japanese-Koreans chose the path of starting a business in a 'niche market' because the way to enter the mainstream Japanese society was limited and there were no opportunities for self-realization other than economic activities. Second, from a socio-cultural point of view, Lotte succeeded in starting a business by predicting the future scalability of its business, despite the Japanese cultural structure in which chewing gum itself is regarded as an immoral act. Third, from the economic management strategic point of view, Lotte implemented an aggressive management strategy of “Attack is the greatest defense” against discrimination in the Japanese industry and used a strategy to strengthen sales power in preparation for competition with other companies. Fourth, from a political point of view, Lotte started investing in the home country during the 'Syng-Man Rhee' regime in 1958, and with the birth of the 'Park, Chung-Hee' regime in 1961, established Korea Lotte and succeeded as a Lotte food products.
Implications: In conclusion, Lotte Chairman 'Shin, Kyuk-Ho' is an entrepreneur who has practiced a visionary ability to see the trends of the times, an aggressive management style based on trust, a global management strategy that considers the Korean and Japanese societies, and the entrepreneurship that has led Investment and contribution to the home country. This implies the result of a complex action of the personal experiences, socio-cultural factors, and political factors of Japanese-Korean entrepreneurs.

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4한국 채용 시장에서 4년제 대학졸업자의 취업 결정 요인: 입사지원자의 실천지능 관점에서

저자 : 원형식 ( Hyeong-sik Won ) , 장주혁 ( Ju-hyeok Jang ) , 이새롬 ( Saerom Lee ) , 이환우 ( Hwan-woo Lee )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 43-56 (14 pages)

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Purpose: This study aims to investigate the effects of work experience during college on successful job seeking in 4-year college graduates by dividing work experience into direct work experience and indirect job traning. With the emergence of new hiring techniques, such as blind selection in hiring, the significant prdictive measures of hiring have been changed. Thus, this study attempts to examine whether work experience, which has been an important factor when filling non-entry level positions, also significantly influences the hiring of new graduates, such as 4-year college graduates.
Research design, data, and methodology: In particular, this study is differentiated from previous studies in that it classifies part-time work experience and internship experiences as direct work experiences and traning to improve job performance after hiring as indirect job traning and examines whether these two factors affect actual hiring. We analyzed the data (2016GOMS) collected from 18,199 college graduates (graduated in August 2015 or February 2016) in September 2017 using binomial logistic regression.
Results: Indirect job traning had a positive effect on 4-year college graduates' employment, while the hypothesis that direct work experience will have a positive effect on 4-year college graduates' employment was rejected.
Implications: This suggests that our intuitive belief that direct work experience will be more valuable than indirect job training in terms of future job performance does not apply to the hiring of entry-level recruits, such as 4-year college.

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51980年代以降の日中経済関係に対する再考察: 経済安全保障の視点から

저자 : 兪敏浩 ( Min-hao Yu ) , 金旭 ( Xu Jin )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 57-70 (14 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to re-examine the Japan-China economic relationship from the perspective of economic security, which has recently come into the spotlight. It will clarify how China and Japan's governments and business communities perceived economic security issues, what measures they have taken, and how these measures have affected the economic relationship between them.
Research design, data, and methodology: This study first defines economic security and then discusses Japan-China economic relations from the 1980s to the present in chronological order. In doing so, I use a qualitative case study approach, focusing on representative examples from each period. Statistical data from China and Japan's official sources and the latest reports published by Japan's major economic institutes were widely used in this study.
Results: Although the term “economic security” was not used until recently, Japan-China economic relations since the 1980s have not been free from economic security. In the mid-1980s, China perceived its large trade deficit with Japan as a serious problem for its economic security. In the 2000s, the “China threat theory” emerged in Japan, and in the 2010s, the “China plus one” strategy was proposed to mitigate the vulnerability of supply chains dependent on China. In recent years, with the rapid rise of China in high technology and the increasing confrontation between the U.S. and China, there has been a growing interest in economic security in Japan's political and business circles.
Implications: Japan is currently developing an infrastructure of laws and organizations related to economic security with China in mind, but the importance of Chinese business to Japan has not fundamentally changed. How to maintain Japan's economic security while maintaining a trade regime that is inclusive of China will be a long-term issue that the Japanese government and business community will have to face.

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6국제기업가정신이 지적자본 및 국제화 성과에 미치는 영향

저자 : 손방화 ( Fang-hua Sun ) , 이경구 ( Kyung-gu Rhee )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 71-86 (16 pages)

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Purpose: The competitive global economy and ever-changing technological advances have witnessed the trend that firms leverage their resources and skills to expand and develop into foreign markets. However, opportunities and risks coexist, and the opportunities of globalization are tempered by the constraints of competitive forces that exist in international circumstances. To succeed in global business operations requires entrepreneurship and resourcefulness. This paper aims to explore the relationship between international entrepreneurship, intellectual capital, and firm's international performance.
Research design, data, and methodology: In order to verify the hypotheses, this study carried out a survey on global firms from South Korea and China, which was conducted from April 26, 2019 to November 26, 2019. Totally 565 questionnaires were collected, among them 92 invalid questionnaires were excluded. Finally 473 valid questionnaires, the effective rate was 83.72%. As for the further analysis, SPSS 23.0 statistical package and AMOS 23.0 software were used for hypotheses testing.
Results: The main results are showed as follows. First, the test of hypotheses that international entrepreneurship would affect intellectual capital shows that proactiveness and risk-taking have statistically significant effects on human capital, while innovativeness does not have a significant impact on human capital. Additionally, innovativeness and proactiveness have been shown to positively affect the structural capital, risk-taking does not have a significant impact on structural capital. Second, intellectual capital turns out to affect the firm's international performance significantly, it shows that both human capital and structural capital have positive impacts on international performance. Third, the test of hypothesis that human capital would affect structural capital shows that human capital has a statistically significant impact on structural capital.
Implications: When conducting businesses in international markets, the global firms should focus on fostering and enhancing international entrepreneurship. They should pay attention to innovation and support the introduction of new products, services or new marketing channels to the international markets. The accumulation and management of these innovative resources should be enhanced to expand the firm's intellectual capital. Human capital is the basis and source of intellectual capital. Attracting talented people and training employees to improve their professional knowledge, skills, experience, creativity and teamwork skills for overseas businesses are crucial. Meanwhile, structural capital would provide guarantees and platforms to create value for human capital. It is of great significance for enterprises to establish sound information systems, efficient export decision-making mechanisms, excellent culture and cooperation mechanisms. The findings reveal a more comprehensive picture about the effects of international entrepreneurship and intellectual capital on firm's international performance, providing insightful instructions for firms and government.

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7OTTサービスプラットフォームの特性がリレーショナルメリットと消費者の満足度に及ぼす影響

저자 : 이승현 ( Sung-hyun Rhee ) , 신종국 ( Jong-kuk Shin ) , 김재훈 ( Jea-hun Kim )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 87-103 (17 pages)

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Purpose: This study was recently conducted to demonstrate the impact of consumer-favorite platform characteristics on consumer satisfaction in response to rapid changes in OTT service platforms. In this study, considering the time when the media market is changing around the OTT platform, it is judged that the advantage of the relationship with the characteristics of the platform is a very important factor in determining consumer satisfaction. Then, the hypothesis was derived.
Research design, data, and methodology: To carry out this study, Judgment Sampling Method from April 16th to May 5th, 2021 for those who are using the OTT service mainly in the Busan area of South Korea The questionnaire was conducted by the questionnaire method. We distributed 200 copies and removed the collected questionnaires and dishonest questionnaires, limited to 162 copies, and tried to use them as empirical data for this study. After that, through the process of data coding, the SPSS18 program and the AMOS21 analysis program were used to demonstrate the researched and designed structural equation model.
Results: As a result of the study, the characteristics of the OTT service platform, which are Independent variables, were set as system quality, convenience, recommendation service, and economic feasibility. Relational benefits as a parameter was set as psychological benefit and economic benefit. Finally, the endogenous variable was customer satisfaction. As a result of the study, all factors of system quality, convenience, recommended service, and economic feasibility were adopted as psychological benefits. On the other hand, for economic benefits, only three factors were adopted: system quality, recommended service, and economic feasibility. Psychological benefits had a significant effect on consumer satisfaction, but economic benefits were rejected.
Implications: According to the results, consumers who use OTT services value price and convenience. Therefore, reasonable cost should be presented and convenience should be emphasized by using online features that are not possible offline. The psychological benefits of the relational benefits was significant in satisfaction, but the economic benefits did not obtain a significant result. Therefore, rather than marketing that provides discounts or coupons for consumers, it is important to do marketing that can be psychologically reassuring by improving quality.

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8중국 IT산업의 일본과의 무역경쟁력 연구

저자 : 張天笑 ( Tian-xiao Zhang )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 105-122 (18 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to estimate the qualitative trade competitiveness of China with Japan relative to the information technology (IT) industry covering the period from 2007 to 2017.
Research design, data, and methodology: Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), and Market Comparative Advantage (MCA) are used. Further, an Intra-industry Trade (IIT) index is used to analyze qualitative changes in horizontal intra-industry trade and intraindustry trade of high- and low-quality goods.
Results: According to a general comparative advantage analysis, the IT industry has remained relatively inferior in trade with Japan. and mainly exports goods of inferior quality and imports goods of superior quality. Broadcasting equipment and information equipment mainly export inferior quality items and export superior quality items. In the case of electronic and semiconductor parts and equipment, inferior quality items are mainly exported, but the quality of export items has improved. As a result, it cannot be overlooked that the proportion of exports of superior quality items has increased. Also, in the case of communication equipment, it was found that items of inferior quality were mainly exported, but the proportion of exports of superior quality increased significantly, which indicates that the quality of export items has improved.
Implications: In the trade with Japan, China's IT industry's exports and imports have increased. Although the deficit has decreased, it is still at a relatively disadvantage, especially for semiconductors, broadcasting equipment, and flat-panel display manufacturing equipment. In order to solve these problems, it is necessary to increase the production of high value-added products and further improve the technological level. In this regard, the Chinese government should actively formulate development plans and increase policy and capital investment.

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9자율 주행 기술이 일본 자동차 보험 시장에 미치는 영향

저자 : 星野明雄 ( Akio Hoshino )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 123-141 (19 pages)

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Purpose: This study attempts to predict the scale of the Japanese automobile insurance market. The forecast is based on the understanding of safety technologies and historic market trends.
Research design, data, and methodology: Automobile insurance, together with compulsory automobile liability insurance (CALI), holds more than 50% of the total premium in the Japanese non-life insurance industry. If automated driving prevails, automobile accidents would likely decrease rapidly. Even if fully automated driving does not occur in the near future, some of its elemental technologies, especially collision damage mitigation braking, will significantly reduce the incidence of automobile accidents, and thus the market for automobile insurance. Moreover, as the country's population decreases, the number of automobiles owned and licenses issued will reduce. We made 20-year predictions of the automobile insurance market in Japan. The calculation is based on demographic data, penetration of safety devices, and their accident prevention effects on bodily injury and property damage. Data are gathered from Japanese governmental statistics, insurance statistics, and research institutes.
Results: Our prediction indicates that in the medium-term, the Japanese automobile insurance market will remain stable, and the reduction in the frequency of accidents may proceed slowly and will be mostly offset by the increasing amount of claims per accident. Although we do not have a quantitative estimation for the long term, it may fall drastically after the onset of fully automated driving.
Implications: The challenge for insurers in the medium term will be to adapt to the transitional period of declining automobile accidents. In the long term, the weight of lines will shift from automobile insurance to new types of insurance, and insurers will need to implement various structural changes to adapt to this change.

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10일본 벤처생태계 정부 정책 및 대기업 전략에 관한 연구: 아베노믹스 성장전략 기간을 중심으로

저자 : 이형오 ( Hyung-oh Lee )

발행기관 : 한일경상학회 간행물 : 한일경상논집 92권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 143-160 (18 pages)

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Purpose: The purposes of this research are to review the startup support policy of the Japanese government and the startup utilization strategy of Japanese large firms during the period of Abenomics Growth Strategy and to search for some implications for Korean government and firms.
Research design, data, and methodology: An analytical framework for a startup ecosystem was developed for this study, and this study focused on government policies and the role of large firms in the Japanese startup ecosystem. As to the government policies, it reviewed the economic background for the emergence of Abenomics and the evolution process of startup support policies from 2013 to 2021. It also dealt with a road map of Japanese government's policies related to startup support and a recent policy to promote the establishment of regional startup ecosystems around Japanese major cities. At to the startup utilization strategy of Japanese large firms, it discussed the managerial background for the necessity of open innovation in Japanese large firms and introduced several cases of strategic alliance between Japanese large firms and startups. In addition, the performance of the Japanese startup ecosystem under Abenomics was discussed in terms of university-based startups, venture capital investment, and IPOs.
Results: It was found that the startup support policies of the Japanese government evolved from facilitating the creation of individual startups to creating effective startup ecosystems particularly emphasizing the linkage between large firms and startups. It was also found that Japanese large firms began to realize the limitation of doing all the things inside their own firm and to implement open innovation with domestic and overseas startups. In addition, it was found that Abenomics Growth Strategy had somewhat contributed to the improvement of the Japanese startup ecosystem although more time and endeavors are required to see the satisfactory results of the policy.
Implications: This study tried to draw some implications for the Korean government and firms through reviewing Japanese experiences. Several implications were suggested for the Korean government: establishing a government control tower dealing with the whole national policies related to startup support, empowering university-based startups, building cluster-type startup ecosystems around Korean major cities, and enhancing the win-win collaboration between large firms and startups. As to an implication toward Korean firms, a more active utilization of open innovation with startups particularly in the area of modular architecture products was suggested.

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