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한국근대영미소설학회> 근대영미소설> Still “Wild England” after London: Richard Jefferies’s Post-Apocalyptic Critique Against Anthropocentrism

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Still “Wild England” after London: Richard Jefferies’s Post-Apocalyptic Critique Against Anthropocentrism

Joohyun Park
  • : 한국근대영미소설학회
  • : 근대영미소설 28권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 29-58(30pages)
근대영미소설

DOI


목차

I. Introduction
II. Acknowledging/Resisting Anthropocentrism, the Undead Legacy of London
III. Felix Acquilla’s Unfulfilled Quest for an Enclosure of His Own
IV. Conclusion
Works Cited

키워드 보기


초록 보기

In After London, Richard Jefferies reveals the wide ranging influence of anthropogenic climate change by suggesting that many industrial cities have been decimated, and by delineating the devolutionary effect the change has had on both the natural and human worlds. Not only that, he sets the temporal background of the post-apocalyptic story to at least a century after the explosion of London, thus emphasizing the massive effect anthropogenic changes can impose on the human society as well as the ecosystem at large. Jefferies’s acknowledgement of non-human entities as actors, and his attunement to the interdependency of human and non-human entities decenter the human, ultimately reconfiguring human-nature relations. Part II, which deals mostly with the protagonist’s adventures, also offers critical insight into the intractability of anthropocentrism. Jefferies denies a conclusive happy ending for Felix, the protagonist of Part II who has inherited the “modern” spirits of the Victorians, revealing his unwillingness to endorse the character’s anthropocentric pragmatism. This, and his refusal to have Felix put humanity firmly back on the path to industrial “progress” before the novel’s ending, marks After London as a proto-ecocritical work intended to disillusion readers of any “romance” that stories of societies being rebuilt on a slate wiped clean might promise.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 영문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1229-3644
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1994-2021
  • : 607


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2Still “Wild England” after London: Richard Jefferies's Post-Apocalyptic Critique Against Anthropocentrism

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발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 29-58 (30 pages)

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초록보기

In After London, Richard Jefferies reveals the wide ranging influence of anthropogenic climate change by suggesting that many industrial cities have been decimated, and by delineating the devolutionary effect the change has had on both the natural and human worlds. Not only that, he sets the temporal background of the post-apocalyptic story to at least a century after the explosion of London, thus emphasizing the massive effect anthropogenic changes can impose on the human society as well as the ecosystem at large. Jefferies's acknowledgement of non-human entities as actors, and his attunement to the interdependency of human and non-human entities decenter the human, ultimately reconfiguring human-nature relations. Part II, which deals mostly with the protagonist's adventures, also offers critical insight into the intractability of anthropocentrism. Jefferies denies a conclusive happy ending for Felix, the protagonist of Part II who has inherited the “modern” spirits of the Victorians, revealing his unwillingness to endorse the character's anthropocentric pragmatism. This, and his refusal to have Felix put humanity firmly back on the path to industrial “progress” before the novel's ending, marks After London as a proto-ecocritical work intended to disillusion readers of any “romance” that stories of societies being rebuilt on a slate wiped clean might promise.

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4“Honourable Disaster”: Conrad and Nostalgic Militarism in “The Lagoon” and “Karain: A Memory”

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저자 : 신혜원 ( Hyewon Shin )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 5-28 (24 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This essay examines Robert Louis Stevenson's novella, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, in comparison with its theatrical adaptations. As a gothic fiction written in the fin-de-siècle Victorian age, Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde demonstrates the central themes of nineteenth-century gothic literature, featuring the ambiguity of human nature, doubt regarding science and rationalism, and middle-class hypocrisy and guilt, all of which are embodied by the novella's protagonist, Jekyll. In contrast to these predominantly gothic conventions seen in the fiction, its theatrical and musical adaptations add the key features of melodrama to the original story. Instead of Jekyll's moral ambiguity and psychological conflict, the stark contrast between Jekyll and Hyde, each incarnating human goodness and malice, symbolizes the indelible separation between good and evil. As the plot has become simplified, a new element of heterosexual romance has also been inserted in Thomas Sullivan's play and Frank Wildhorn's musical. These melodramatic features effectively bring out the audience's (excessive) emotion. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and its theatrical adaptations showcase how a literary classic, turning into a new text using different mediums, can be reread and reinterpreted by the readers and audience. This protean performativity of the text contributes to the novella's undying popularity.

KCI등재

2Still “Wild England” after London: Richard Jefferies's Post-Apocalyptic Critique Against Anthropocentrism

저자 : Joohyun Park

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 29-58 (30 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

In After London, Richard Jefferies reveals the wide ranging influence of anthropogenic climate change by suggesting that many industrial cities have been decimated, and by delineating the devolutionary effect the change has had on both the natural and human worlds. Not only that, he sets the temporal background of the post-apocalyptic story to at least a century after the explosion of London, thus emphasizing the massive effect anthropogenic changes can impose on the human society as well as the ecosystem at large. Jefferies's acknowledgement of non-human entities as actors, and his attunement to the interdependency of human and non-human entities decenter the human, ultimately reconfiguring human-nature relations. Part II, which deals mostly with the protagonist's adventures, also offers critical insight into the intractability of anthropocentrism. Jefferies denies a conclusive happy ending for Felix, the protagonist of Part II who has inherited the “modern” spirits of the Victorians, revealing his unwillingness to endorse the character's anthropocentric pragmatism. This, and his refusal to have Felix put humanity firmly back on the path to industrial “progress” before the novel's ending, marks After London as a proto-ecocritical work intended to disillusion readers of any “romance” that stories of societies being rebuilt on a slate wiped clean might promise.

KCI등재

3“Wheresoever She Was; There Was Eden”: An Inside Narrative of Mark Twain's Feminism

저자 : Sodam Choi

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 59-82 (24 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Mark Twain's Adam and Eve stories complete his otherwise partial and racial portrayal of fictional women with its introduction of Eve, a non-black woman, as well as the first woman of the western, Christian world. The Diaries of Adam and Eve unfolds through the way Twain negotiates his feminist thinking into his writings without losing his warmhearted love of the women surrounding him. I will locate Mark Twain, the author writing under a pseudonym, and Samuel Clemens, the private individual, in the nineteenth-century sex and gender debates and explore Twain's feminism through the portrayal of his fictional women, Aunt Rachel in “A True Story, Repeated Word for Word As I Hear It,” Roxana from Pudd'nhead Wilson, and most importantly, Eve from his posthumous publication, The Diaries of Adam and Eve. Although I focus mostly on Eve, Aunt Rachel and Roxana help us navigate Twain's ambivalent positioning in their gendered speech acts and performances. I argue that Twain's literary trajectory from his creation of provocative, radical African American women to the first woman of the world beyond race demonstrates Twain's unending literary and psychological negotiation between the “True Women” and the “New Women” gender discourses and his final literary and personal remarks on gender and sexuality.

KCI등재

4“Honourable Disaster”: Conrad and Nostalgic Militarism in “The Lagoon” and “Karain: A Memory”

저자 : Matthew Herzog

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 28권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 83-108 (26 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Joseph Conrad's Malay short fiction has been rightly criticized for the way that it constructs orientalist discourses about non-European characters. This article, however, deals with a different side of the workings of ideology: not ideological mystification, but rather ideological projection. I argue that Conrad's conservative criticisms of modernity led him to posit through his fiction that what was being lost in the West could be found again in the East. Specifically, I bring together Conrad's critiques of modernity in his non-fiction with two of his short stories, “Karain: A Memory” and “The Lagoon,” to focus on the military values and notions of masculine “honour” that Conrad sought to maintain through his non-European characters. In doing so, I bring out the investments that Western romantic conservatives like Conrad had in the creation of non-European characters and argue that these characters do not only serve the ends of orientalism, but also function as a site for propagating nostalgic militarism.

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