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한국전기전자재료학회> 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)> Phase Evolution, Thermal Expansion, and Microwave Dielectric Properties of Cordierite-Al2O3 Composite

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Phase Evolution, Thermal Expansion, and Microwave Dielectric Properties of Cordierite-Al2O3 Composite

Shin Kim , Eun-doe Song , Hae-jin Hwang , Joo-sung Lee , Sang-ok Yoon
  • : 한국전기전자재료학회
  • : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권5호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 09월
  • : 337-341(5pages)
전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)

DOI


목차

1. INTRODUCTION
2. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4. CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES

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초록 보기

Phase evolution, thermal and microwave dielectric properties of cordierite-Al2O3 composite were investigated. As the content of Al2O3 increased, mullite, sapphirine, and spinel were formed as secondary phases, implying that cordierite may be decomposed by the reaction with Al2O3. All sintered specimens exhibited dense microstructures. The densification occurred through liquid phase sintering. As the content of Al2O3 increased, the thermal expansion coefficient and the dielectric constant increased, whereas the quality factor decreased. The thermal expansion coefficient, the dielectric constant, and the quality factor of the 90 wt% cordierite 10 wt% Al2O3 composite sintered at 1,425℃ were 2.9×10-6 K-1, 5.1, and 34,844 GHz, respectively.

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  • : 공학분야  > 전기공학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 격월
  • : 1226-7945
  • : 2288-3258
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1988-2021
  • : 4571


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The internet of things (IoT) technology is a key component for the advent of 4th industrial revolution, which is the network of home appliances, infrastructures, and vehicles to remotely investigate these systems. For the operation of compact IoT devices, batteries are widely used as electric power, and the limited lifetime of batteries inevitably leads to periodic replacement. Magneto-mechano-electric (MME) generators may be alternatives to batteries inside the IoT devices by converting stray magnetic field into electric energy, since we are always surrounded by ambient alternating current (AC) magnetic fields induced from electric power transmission lines everywhere. This article reviews the recent domestic research progress in high-performance MME generators and their application field for IoT and electronic devices.

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발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 283-295 (13 pages)

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For the last decades, a research hotspot for the halide perovskites (HPs) is now showing great progress in terms of improving efficiency for numerous photovoltaic devices (PVDs). However, it still faces challenges in the case of long-term stability in the air atmosphere. Defect-free high-quality HP single crystals show their promising properties for the remarkable development of highly efficient and stable PVDs. Here, we summarize the growth processing routes for the stable HP single crystals as well as briefly discuss the pros and cons of those well-established synthesis routes. Furthermore, we briefly include the comparison note between the HP single crystals and polycrystalline perovskite films regarding their device applications. Based on the future progress, the review concludes subjective perspectives and current challenges for the development of HPs high-quality PVDs.

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발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 296-300 (5 pages)

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The performance of devices has been improved with fine processes from planar to three-dimensional transistors (e.g., FinFET, NWFET, and MBCFET). There are some problems such as a short channel effect or a self-heating effect occur due to the reduction of the gate-channel length by miniaturization. To solve these problems, we compare and analyze the electrical and thermal characteristics of FinFET and GAAFET devices that are currently used and expected to be further developed in the future. In addition, the optimal structure according to the Fin shape was investigated. GAAFET is a suitable device for use in a smaller scale process than the currently used, because it shows superior electrical and thermal resistance characteristics compared to FinFET. Since there are pros and cons in process difficulty and device characteristics depending on the channel formation structure of GAAFET, we expect a mass-production of fine processes over 5 nm through structural optimization is feasible.

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5압전재료의 기초 물성 측정

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발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 301-313 (13 pages)

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본 논문은 대학 연구실과 산업현장에서 강유전 압전 분야 연구를 갓 시작한 이들이 압전 소재의 특성에 대한 기초적, 이론적 개념에 대해서는 각종 교과서와 논문을 통해 쉽게 접할 수 있는 반면, 그 특성들이 실제로 어떻게 측정되고 평가되는 지에 대한 정보를 얻기가 힘들다는 점에 착안하여 압전 분야 입문자가 관련 측정 기술을 보다 쉽게 이해하고 접근할 수 있도록 돕는 것을 목적으로 한다. 기초 유전 물성인 임피던스에 기반한 유전상수와 유전손실 측정법을 시작으로 압전상수, 전기기계결합계수, 품질계수 및 측정 방법에 대해 논의하고, 강유전성을 대표하는 전계에 따른 분극 변화 측정법에 대해 기술하였다. 본 논문에서는 이미 표준화되어 있는 측정법들을 소개하고 있지만, 이를 숙지하고 응용한다면 보다 도전적이고 창의적인 측정법을 도출할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.


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6에어로졸 증착한 세라믹/금속 복합막의 금속 함량에 따른 습도 감지 특성 연구

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발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 314-320 (7 pages)

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7브러쉬 코팅 공정을 이용한 용액 기반 BiAlO 박막의 제작과 액정 소자에의 응용

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We fabricated BiAlO thin film by a solution process with a brush coating to be used as liquid crystal (LC) alignment layer. Solution-processed BiAlO was coated on the glass substrate by brush process. Prepared thin films were annealed at different temperatures of 80℃, 180℃, and 280℃. To verify whether the BiAlO film was formed properly, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis was performed on Bi and Al. Using a crystal rotation method by polarized optical microscopy, LC alignment state was evaluated. At the annealing temperature of 280℃, the uniform homogenous LC alignment was achieved. To reveal the mechanism of LC alignment by brush coating, field emission scanning electron microscope was used. Through this analysis, spin-coated and brush coated film surface were compared. It was revealed that physical anisotropy was induced by brush coating at a high annealing temperature. Particles were aligned in one direction along which brush coating was made, resulting in a physical anisotropy that affects a uniform LC alignment. Therefore, it was confirmed that brush coating combined with BiAlO thin film annealed at high temperature has a significant potential for LC alignment.

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10Phase Evolution, Thermal Expansion, and Microwave Dielectric Properties of Cordierite-Al2O3 Composite

저자 : Shin Kim , Eun-doe Song , Hae-jin Hwang , Joo-sung Lee , Sang-ok Yoon

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 337-341 (5 pages)

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Phase evolution, thermal and microwave dielectric properties of cordierite-Al2O3 composite were investigated. As the content of Al2O3 increased, mullite, sapphirine, and spinel were formed as secondary phases, implying that cordierite may be decomposed by the reaction with Al2O3. All sintered specimens exhibited dense microstructures. The densification occurred through liquid phase sintering. As the content of Al2O3 increased, the thermal expansion coefficient and the dielectric constant increased, whereas the quality factor decreased. The thermal expansion coefficient, the dielectric constant, and the quality factor of the 90 wt% cordierite 10 wt% Al2O3 composite sintered at 1,425℃ were 2.9×10-6 K-1, 5.1, and 34,844 GHz, respectively.

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The performance of devices has been improved with fine processes from planar to three-dimensional transistors (e.g., FinFET, NWFET, and MBCFET). There are some problems such as a short channel effect or a self-heating effect occur due to the reduction of the gate-channel length by miniaturization. To solve these problems, we compare and analyze the electrical and thermal characteristics of FinFET and GAAFET devices that are currently used and expected to be further developed in the future. In addition, the optimal structure according to the Fin shape was investigated. GAAFET is a suitable device for use in a smaller scale process than the currently used, because it shows superior electrical and thermal resistance characteristics compared to FinFET. Since there are pros and cons in process difficulty and device characteristics depending on the channel formation structure of GAAFET, we expect a mass-production of fine processes over 5 nm through structural optimization is feasible.

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본 논문은 대학 연구실과 산업현장에서 강유전 압전 분야 연구를 갓 시작한 이들이 압전 소재의 특성에 대한 기초적, 이론적 개념에 대해서는 각종 교과서와 논문을 통해 쉽게 접할 수 있는 반면, 그 특성들이 실제로 어떻게 측정되고 평가되는 지에 대한 정보를 얻기가 힘들다는 점에 착안하여 압전 분야 입문자가 관련 측정 기술을 보다 쉽게 이해하고 접근할 수 있도록 돕는 것을 목적으로 한다. 기초 유전 물성인 임피던스에 기반한 유전상수와 유전손실 측정법을 시작으로 압전상수, 전기기계결합계수, 품질계수 및 측정 방법에 대해 논의하고, 강유전성을 대표하는 전계에 따른 분극 변화 측정법에 대해 기술하였다. 본 논문에서는 이미 표준화되어 있는 측정법들을 소개하고 있지만, 이를 숙지하고 응용한다면 보다 도전적이고 창의적인 측정법을 도출할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.

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6에어로졸 증착한 세라믹/금속 복합막의 금속 함량에 따른 습도 감지 특성 연구

저자 : 김익수 ( Ik-soo Kim ) , 구상모 ( Sang-mo Koo ) , 박철환 ( Chulhwan Park ) , 신원호 ( Weon Ho Shin ) , 이동원 ( Dong-won Lee ) , 오종민 ( Jong-min Oh )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 314-320 (7 pages)

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Controlling ambient humid condition through high performance humidity sensors has become important for various fields, including industrial process, food storage, and the preservation of historic remains. Although aerosol deposited humidity sensors using ceramic BaTiO3 (BT) material have been widely studied because of their longtime stability, there remain critical disadvantages, such as low sensitivity, low linearity, and slow response/recovery time in case of the sensors fabricated at room temperature. To achieve superior humidity sensing properties even at room temperature condition, BT-Cu composite films utilizing aerosol deposition (AD) process have been proposed based on the percolation theory. The BT-Cu composite films showed gradually improved sensing properties until the Cu concentration reached 15 wt% in the composite film. However, the excessive Cu (above 30 wt%) containing BT-Cu composite films showed a rapid decrease of the sensing properties. The results of observed surface morphology of the AD fabricated composite films, to figure out the metal filler effect, showed correlation between surface topography as well as size and the amount of open pores according to the metal filler content. Overall, it is very important not only dielectric constant of the humidity sensing films but also microstructures, because they affect either the variation range of capacitance by ambient humidity or adsorption/desorption of ambient humidity onto/from the humidity sensing films.

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7브러쉬 코팅 공정을 이용한 용액 기반 BiAlO 박막의 제작과 액정 소자에의 응용

저자 : 이주환 ( Ju Hwan Lee ) , 김대현 ( Dai-hyun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 321-326 (6 pages)

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We fabricated BiAlO thin film by a solution process with a brush coating to be used as liquid crystal (LC) alignment layer. Solution-processed BiAlO was coated on the glass substrate by brush process. Prepared thin films were annealed at different temperatures of 80℃, 180℃, and 280℃. To verify whether the BiAlO film was formed properly, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis was performed on Bi and Al. Using a crystal rotation method by polarized optical microscopy, LC alignment state was evaluated. At the annealing temperature of 280℃, the uniform homogenous LC alignment was achieved. To reveal the mechanism of LC alignment by brush coating, field emission scanning electron microscope was used. Through this analysis, spin-coated and brush coated film surface were compared. It was revealed that physical anisotropy was induced by brush coating at a high annealing temperature. Particles were aligned in one direction along which brush coating was made, resulting in a physical anisotropy that affects a uniform LC alignment. Therefore, it was confirmed that brush coating combined with BiAlO thin film annealed at high temperature has a significant potential for LC alignment.

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8리튬이온 배터리의 분리막 손상 요인별 방전펄스의 검출과 분석

저자 : 임승현 ( Seung-hyun Lim ) , 이경렬 ( Gyeong-yeol Lee ) , 김남훈 ( Nam-hoon Kim ) , 김동언 ( Dong-eon Kim ) , 길경석 ( Gyung-suk Kil )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 327-332 (6 pages)

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Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have become a main energy storage device in various applications, such as portable appliances, renewable energy facilities, and electric vehicles. However, the poor thermal stability of LIBs may cause explosion or fire. The thermal runaway is the result of a failure of the separator inside LIB. Damages like tearing, piercing, and collapsing of the separator were simulated in a mechanical, an electrical, and a thermal way, and small discharge pulses of a few mV were detected at the time of separator damages. From the experimental results, this paper provided a method that can identify the separator failure before thermal runaway in the aspect of a potential explosion and fire prevention measures.

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9벌크형 고온 초전도 합성

저자 : 이상헌 ( Sang Heon Lee )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 333-336 (4 pages)

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Oxide YBCO bulk superconductors are manufactured using the melt process. Because seed crystal growth method utilizes a slow-spreading layer-by-layer reaction, a long-term heat treatment is required to manufacture a single-crystal specimen of several cm. In this study, the melt process method was applied to compensate for the shortcomings of the seed crystal growth method. The thickness of the upper and lower pellets of the YBCO bulk was molded to 40 mm, and YBCO superconductor was produced by heat treatment. The measurement results of capture magnetism was in line with the literature. This results in a relationship that the higher the growth of Y211 particle in the YBCO, the higher the superconducting properties. We analyzed the YBCO superconductor, focusing on the Y2BaCuO5 particle distribution.

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10Phase Evolution, Thermal Expansion, and Microwave Dielectric Properties of Cordierite-Al2O3 Composite

저자 : Shin Kim , Eun-doe Song , Hae-jin Hwang , Joo-sung Lee , Sang-ok Yoon

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 337-341 (5 pages)

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Phase evolution, thermal and microwave dielectric properties of cordierite-Al2O3 composite were investigated. As the content of Al2O3 increased, mullite, sapphirine, and spinel were formed as secondary phases, implying that cordierite may be decomposed by the reaction with Al2O3. All sintered specimens exhibited dense microstructures. The densification occurred through liquid phase sintering. As the content of Al2O3 increased, the thermal expansion coefficient and the dielectric constant increased, whereas the quality factor decreased. The thermal expansion coefficient, the dielectric constant, and the quality factor of the 90 wt% cordierite 10 wt% Al2O3 composite sintered at 1,425℃ were 2.9×10-6 K-1, 5.1, and 34,844 GHz, respectively.

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