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한국전기전자재료학회> 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)> 자기-기계-전기 변환소자를 이용한 에너지 하베스팅 기술

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자기-기계-전기 변환소자를 이용한 에너지 하베스팅 기술

Recent Progress in Magneto-Mechano-Electric Generators

황건태 ( Geon-tae Hwang ) , 류정호 ( Jungho Ryu ) , 윤운하 ( Woon-ha Yoon )
  • : 한국전기전자재료학회
  • : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권5호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 09월
  • : 271-282(12pages)
전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.)

DOI


목차

1. 서 론
2. 자왜-압전재료 복합체 기반의 MME 발전소자
3. 마찰대전 물질 기반의 MME 발전소자
4. MME 발전소자의 미래 전망
5. 결 론
감사의 글
REFERENCES

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초록 보기

The internet of things (IoT) technology is a key component for the advent of 4th industrial revolution, which is the network of home appliances, infrastructures, and vehicles to remotely investigate these systems. For the operation of compact IoT devices, batteries are widely used as electric power, and the limited lifetime of batteries inevitably leads to periodic replacement. Magneto-mechano-electric (MME) generators may be alternatives to batteries inside the IoT devices by converting stray magnetic field into electric energy, since we are always surrounded by ambient alternating current (AC) magnetic fields induced from electric power transmission lines everywhere. This article reviews the recent domestic research progress in high-performance MME generators and their application field for IoT and electronic devices.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-500-000786180

간행물정보

  • : 공학분야  > 전기공학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 격월
  • : 1226-7945
  • : 2288-3258
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1988-2022
  • : 4631


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1A Review on Thermoelectric Technology: Conductive Polymer Based Thermoelectric Materials

저자 : Dabin Park , Jooheon Kim

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 203-214 (12 pages)

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Thermoelectric (TE) heating and cooling devices, which are able to directly convert thermal energy into electrical energy and vice versa, are effective and have exhibited a potential for energy harvesting. With the increasing consumer demands for various wearable electronics, organic-based TE composite materials offer a promise for the TE devices applications. Conductive polymers are widely used as flexible TE materials replacing inorganic materials due to their flexibility, low thermal conductivity, mechanical flexibility, ease of processing, and low cost. In this review, we briefly introduce the latest research trends in the flexible TE technology and provide a comprehensive summary of specific conductive polymer-based TE material fabrication technologies. We also summarize the manufacture for high-efficiency TE composites through the complexation of a conductive polymer matrix/inorganic TE filler. We believe that this review will inspire further research to improve the TE performance of conductive polymers.

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2광 시냅스 및 뉴로모픽 소자 기술

저자 : 송승호 ( Seungho Song ) , 김지훈 ( Jeehoon Kim ) , 김영훈 ( Yong-hoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 215-222 (8 pages)

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Artificial neuromorphic devices are considered the key component in realizing energy-efficient and brain-inspired computing systems. For the artificial neuromorphic devices, various material candidates and device architectures have been reported, including two-dimensional materials, metal-oxide semiconductors, organic semiconductors, and halide perovskite materials. In addition to conventional electrical neuromorphic devices, optoelectronic neuromorphic devices, which operate under a light stimulus, have received significant interest due to their potential advantages such as low power consumption, parallel processing, and high bandwidth. This article reviews the recent progress in optoelectronic neuromorphic devices using various active materials such as two-dimensional materials, metal-oxide semiconductors, organic semiconductors, and halide perovskites

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3X선 기반 분광광도계를 통해 얻은 데이터 분석의 기초

저자 : 조재현 ( Jae-hyeon Cho ) , 조욱 ( Wook Jo )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 223-231 (9 pages)

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분광학은 재료의 결정학적, 화학적 구조를 분석하기 위해 가장 보편적으로 활용되는 분석 기법이다. 이러한 기조에 따라 다양한 분석 소프트웨어와 peak fitting과 관련된 기술적 가이드라인이 보급되었지만, 정작 '왜' 중간 계산 과정을 거치고 해당 함수를 쓰는지에 대한 논의는 부족한 실정이다. 따라서 본 tutorial에서는 X선 기반 분광광도계를 통해 얻은 데이터 분석의 기초를 논하고자 한다. 이를 위해 관련된 peak fitting을 위해 필요한 실용적 배경지식을 제시하였다. 나아가, 하나의 예시로 임의로 선정한 X선 광전자 분광법 데이터에 대한 curve fitting 과정을 순서에 따라 알기 쉽게 소개하였다. 제시한 기초 이론은 특정 소프트웨어에 국한된 내용이 아니라 fitting tool이 있는 모든 소프트웨어에서 그대로 활용 가능할뿐더러 다른 분광법 데이터를 분석하는 데 적용 가능하기 때문에, 본 내용을 숙지한다면 보다 수월한 연구 진행을 위한 바탕이 될 수 있을 것이라 기대한다.


Spectroscopies are the most widely used for understanding the crystallographic, chemical, and physical aspects of materials; therefore, numerous commercial and non-commercial software have been introduced to help researchers better handling their spectroscopic data. However, not many researchers, especially early-stage ones, have a proper background knowledge on the choice of fitting functions and a technique for actual fitting, although the essence of such data analysis is peak fitting. In this regard, we present a practical guide for peak fitting for data analysis. We start with a basic-level theoretical background why and how a certain protocol for peak fitting works, followed by a step-by-step visualized demonstration how an actual fitting is performed. We expect that this contribution is sure to help many active researchers in the discipline of materials science better handle their spectroscopic data.

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4최대 전압 12 kV, 커패시턴스 50~500 pF 가변 진공커패시터 개발

저자 : 차영광 ( Youngkwang Cha ) , 이일회 ( Ilhoi Lee ) , 전기범 ( Kibeom Jeon ) , 장지훈 ( Jihoon Jang ) , 주흥진 ( Heungjin Ju ) , 최승길 ( Seungkil Choi )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 232-240 (9 pages)

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A variable vacuum capacitor (VVC), which is a variable element, is used to match impedance in plasma that changes with various impedance values, and its use is expanding with the rapid growth of the semiconductor business. Since VVCs have to secure insulation performance and vary capacitance within a compact size, electrode design and manufacturing are very important; thus, various technologies such as part design and manufacturing technology and vacuum brazing technology are required. In this study, based on the model of an advanced foreign company that is widely used for impedance matching in the manufacture of semiconductors and displays, a VVC that can realize the same performance was developed. The electrode part was designed, the consistency was confirmed through analysis, and the precision of capacitance was improved by designing a cup-type electrode to secure the concentricity of the electrode. As a result of the evaluation, all requirements was satisfied. We believe that self-development will be possible if satisfactory responses are received through evaluation by VVC consumers in the future.

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54H-SiC 기반으로 제작된 MPS Diode의 Schottky 영역 비율에 따른 전기적 특성 분석

저자 : 이형진 ( Hyung-jin Lee ) , 강예환 ( Ye-hwan Kang ) , 정승우 ( Seung-woo Jung ) , 이건희 ( Geon-hee Lee ) , 변동욱 ( Dong-wook Byun ) , 신명철 ( Myeong-choel Shin ) , 양창헌 ( Chang-heon Yang ) , 구상모 ( Sang-mo Koo )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 241-245 (5 pages)

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In this study, we measured and comparatively analyzed the characteristics of MPS (Merged Pin Schottky) diodes in 4H-SiC by changing the areal ratio between the Schottky and PN junction region. Increasing the temperature from 298 K to 473 K resulted in the threshold voltage shifting from 0.8 V to 0.5 V. A wider Schottky region indicates a lower on-resistance and a faster turn-on. The effective barrier height was smaller for a wider Schottky region. Additionally, the depletion layer became smaller under the influence of the reduced effective barrier height. The wider Schottky region resulted in the ideality factor being reduced from 1.37 to 1.01, which is closer to an ideal device. The leakage saturation current increased with the widening Schottky region, resulting in a 1.38 times to 2.09 times larger leakage current.

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63D NAND 플래시메모리 String에 전열어닐링 적용을 가정한 기계적 안정성 분석 및 개선에 관한 연구

저자 : 김유진 ( Yu-jin Kim ) , 박준영 ( Jun-young Park )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 246-254 (9 pages)

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Localized heat can be generated using electrically conductive word-lines built into a 3D NAND flash memory string. The heat anneals the gate dielectric layer and improves the endurance and retention characteristics of memory cells. However, even though the electro-thermal annealing can improve the memory operation, studies to investigate material failures resulting from electro-thermal stress have not been reported yet. In this context, this paper investigated how applying electro-thermal annealing of 3D NAND affected mechanical stability. Hot-spots, which are expected to be mechanically damaged during the electro-thermal annealing, can be determined based on understanding material characteristics such as thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, and electrical conductivity. Finally, several guidelines for improving mechanical stability are provided in terms of bias configuration as well as alternative materials.

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7가우스 함수의 파라미터에 따른 비대칭형 무접합 이중 게이트 MOSFET의 문턱전압 이하 스윙 분석

저자 : 정학기 ( Hakkee Jung )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 255-263 (9 pages)

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The subthreshold swing (SS) of an asymmetric junctionless double gate (AJLDG) MOSFET is analyzed by the use of Gaussian function. In the asymmetric structure, the thickness of the top/bottom oxide film and the flat-band voltages of top gate (Vfbf) and bottom gate (Vfbb) could be made differently, so the change in the SS for these factors is analyzed with the projected range and standard projected deviation which are parameters for the Gaussian function. An analytical subthreshold swing model is presented from the Poisson's equation, and it is shown that this model is in a good agreement with the numerical model. As a result, the SS changes linearly according to the geometric mean of the top and bottom oxide film thicknesses, and if the projected range is less than half of the silicon thickness, the SS decreases as the top gate oxide film is smaller. Conversely, if the projected range is bigger than a half of the silicon thickness, the SS decreases as the bottom gate oxide film is smaller. In addition, the SS decreases as Vfbb-Vfbf increases when the projected range is near the top gate, and the SS decreases as Vfbb-Vfbf decreases when the projected range is near the bottom gate. It is necessary that one should pay attention to the selection of the top/bottom oxide thickness and the gate metal in order to reduce the SS when designing an AJLDG MOSFET.

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8고압 중수소 열처리에 의한 MOSFETs의 특성 개선에 대한 연구

저자 : 정대한 ( Dae-han Jung ) , 구자윤 ( Ja-yun Ku ) , 왕동현 ( Dong-hyun Wang ) , 손영서 ( Young-seo Son ) , 박준영 ( Jun-young Park )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 264-268 (5 pages)

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High pressure deuterium (HPD) annealing is an advancing technology for the fabrication of modern semiconductor devices. In this work, gate-enclosed FETs are fabricated on a silicon substrate as test vehicles. After a cycle for the HPD annealing, the device parameters such as threshold voltage (VTH), subthreshold swing (SS), on-state current (ION), off-state current (IOFF), and gate leakage (IG) were measured and compared depending on the HPD. The HPD annealing can passivate the dangling bonds at Si-SiO2 interfaces as well as eliminate the bulk trap in SiO2. It can be concluded that adding the HPD annealing as a fabrication process is very effective in improving device reliability, performance, and variability.

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9탄소나노튜브 소재의 정밀 수동소자 적용을 위한 한계 정격전력 용량에 관한 연구

저자 : 이선우 ( Sunwoo Lee )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 269-274 (6 pages)

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We prepared carbon nanotube (CNT) paper by a vacuum filtration method for the use of a chip-typed resistor as a precision passive device with a constant resistance. Hybrid resistor composed of the CNT resistor with a negative temperature coefficient of resistance (T.C.R) and a metal alloy resistor with a positive T.C.R could lead to a constant resistance, because the resistance increase owing to the temperature increase at the metal alloy and decrease at the CNT could counterbalance each other. The constant resistance for the precision passive devices should be maintained even when a heat was generated by a current flow resulting in resistance change. Performance reliabilities of the CNT resistor for the precision passive device applications such as electrical load limit, environmental load limit, and life limit specified in IEC 60115-1 must be ensured. In this study, therefore, the rated power determination and T.C.R tests of the CNT paper were conducted. -900~-700 ppm/℃ of TCR, 0.1~0.2 A of the carrying current capacity, and 0.0625~0.125 W of the rated power limit were obtained from the CNT paper. Consequently, we confirmed that the application of CNT materials for the precision hybrid passive devices with a metal alloy could result in a better performance reliability with a zero tolerance.

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10WO3/NiO 상호 보완적인 구조의 전고체 전기변색 필름

저자 : 신민경 ( Minkyung Shin ) , 이선희 ( Sun Hee Lee ) , 서인태 ( Intae Seo ) , 강형원 ( Hyung-won Kang ) , 한승호 ( Seung Ho Han )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 35권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 275-280 (6 pages)

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An all-solid-state electrochromic film was fabricated by laminating tungsten oxide (WO3) and nickel oxide (NiO) thin films deposited by a reactive DC magnetron sputtering on flexible ITO films. The influence of oxygen partial pressure on the crystal structure, microstructure, optical properties, and electrochromic properties of WO3 and NiO thin films were investigated. WO3 and NiO films showed the best electrochromic properties under the flow of Ar:O2=80:20 and Ar:O2=90:10, respectively. The EC film fabricated with an optimized WO3 and NiO films showed a high coloration efficiency, a fast response time, and a stable optical modulation. It is expected that flexible EC window films will pave the way for the next-generation energy-saving windows.

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1국문논문지 개편과 관련하여

저자 : 조욱 ( Wook Jo )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 269-270 (2 pages)

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2자기-기계-전기 변환소자를 이용한 에너지 하베스팅 기술

저자 : 황건태 ( Geon-tae Hwang ) , 류정호 ( Jungho Ryu ) , 윤운하 ( Woon-ha Yoon )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 271-282 (12 pages)

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The internet of things (IoT) technology is a key component for the advent of 4th industrial revolution, which is the network of home appliances, infrastructures, and vehicles to remotely investigate these systems. For the operation of compact IoT devices, batteries are widely used as electric power, and the limited lifetime of batteries inevitably leads to periodic replacement. Magneto-mechano-electric (MME) generators may be alternatives to batteries inside the IoT devices by converting stray magnetic field into electric energy, since we are always surrounded by ambient alternating current (AC) magnetic fields induced from electric power transmission lines everywhere. This article reviews the recent domestic research progress in high-performance MME generators and their application field for IoT and electronic devices.

KCI등재

3할라이드 페로브스카이트 단결정

저자 : 최진산 ( Jin San Choi ) , 조재훈 ( Jae Hun Jo ) , 우도현 ( Do Hyun Woo ) , 황영훈 ( Young-hun Hwang ) , 김일원 ( Ill Won Kim ) , 김태헌 ( Tae Heon Kim ) , 안창원 ( Chang Won Ahn )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 283-295 (13 pages)

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For the last decades, a research hotspot for the halide perovskites (HPs) is now showing great progress in terms of improving efficiency for numerous photovoltaic devices (PVDs). However, it still faces challenges in the case of long-term stability in the air atmosphere. Defect-free high-quality HP single crystals show their promising properties for the remarkable development of highly efficient and stable PVDs. Here, we summarize the growth processing routes for the stable HP single crystals as well as briefly discuss the pros and cons of those well-established synthesis routes. Furthermore, we briefly include the comparison note between the HP single crystals and polycrystalline perovskite films regarding their device applications. Based on the future progress, the review concludes subjective perspectives and current challenges for the development of HPs high-quality PVDs.

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4FinFET 및 GAAFET의 게이트 접촉면적에 의한 열저항 특성과 Fin-Layout 구조 최적화

저자 : 조재웅 ( Jaewoong Cho ) , 김태용 ( Taeyong Kim ) , 최지원 ( Jiwon Choi ) , 최자양 ( Ziyang Cui ) , 신동욱 ( Dongxu Xin ) , 이준신 ( Junsin Yi )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 296-300 (5 pages)

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The performance of devices has been improved with fine processes from planar to three-dimensional transistors (e.g., FinFET, NWFET, and MBCFET). There are some problems such as a short channel effect or a self-heating effect occur due to the reduction of the gate-channel length by miniaturization. To solve these problems, we compare and analyze the electrical and thermal characteristics of FinFET and GAAFET devices that are currently used and expected to be further developed in the future. In addition, the optimal structure according to the Fin shape was investigated. GAAFET is a suitable device for use in a smaller scale process than the currently used, because it shows superior electrical and thermal resistance characteristics compared to FinFET. Since there are pros and cons in process difficulty and device characteristics depending on the channel formation structure of GAAFET, we expect a mass-production of fine processes over 5 nm through structural optimization is feasible.

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5압전재료의 기초 물성 측정

저자 : 강우석 ( Woo-seok Kang ) , 이건주 ( Geon-ju Lee ) , 조욱 ( Wook Jo )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 301-313 (13 pages)

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본 논문은 대학 연구실과 산업현장에서 강유전 압전 분야 연구를 갓 시작한 이들이 압전 소재의 특성에 대한 기초적, 이론적 개념에 대해서는 각종 교과서와 논문을 통해 쉽게 접할 수 있는 반면, 그 특성들이 실제로 어떻게 측정되고 평가되는 지에 대한 정보를 얻기가 힘들다는 점에 착안하여 압전 분야 입문자가 관련 측정 기술을 보다 쉽게 이해하고 접근할 수 있도록 돕는 것을 목적으로 한다. 기초 유전 물성인 임피던스에 기반한 유전상수와 유전손실 측정법을 시작으로 압전상수, 전기기계결합계수, 품질계수 및 측정 방법에 대해 논의하고, 강유전성을 대표하는 전계에 따른 분극 변화 측정법에 대해 기술하였다. 본 논문에서는 이미 표준화되어 있는 측정법들을 소개하고 있지만, 이를 숙지하고 응용한다면 보다 도전적이고 창의적인 측정법을 도출할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.

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6에어로졸 증착한 세라믹/금속 복합막의 금속 함량에 따른 습도 감지 특성 연구

저자 : 김익수 ( Ik-soo Kim ) , 구상모 ( Sang-mo Koo ) , 박철환 ( Chulhwan Park ) , 신원호 ( Weon Ho Shin ) , 이동원 ( Dong-won Lee ) , 오종민 ( Jong-min Oh )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 314-320 (7 pages)

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Controlling ambient humid condition through high performance humidity sensors has become important for various fields, including industrial process, food storage, and the preservation of historic remains. Although aerosol deposited humidity sensors using ceramic BaTiO3 (BT) material have been widely studied because of their longtime stability, there remain critical disadvantages, such as low sensitivity, low linearity, and slow response/recovery time in case of the sensors fabricated at room temperature. To achieve superior humidity sensing properties even at room temperature condition, BT-Cu composite films utilizing aerosol deposition (AD) process have been proposed based on the percolation theory. The BT-Cu composite films showed gradually improved sensing properties until the Cu concentration reached 15 wt% in the composite film. However, the excessive Cu (above 30 wt%) containing BT-Cu composite films showed a rapid decrease of the sensing properties. The results of observed surface morphology of the AD fabricated composite films, to figure out the metal filler effect, showed correlation between surface topography as well as size and the amount of open pores according to the metal filler content. Overall, it is very important not only dielectric constant of the humidity sensing films but also microstructures, because they affect either the variation range of capacitance by ambient humidity or adsorption/desorption of ambient humidity onto/from the humidity sensing films.

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7브러쉬 코팅 공정을 이용한 용액 기반 BiAlO 박막의 제작과 액정 소자에의 응용

저자 : 이주환 ( Ju Hwan Lee ) , 김대현 ( Dai-hyun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 321-326 (6 pages)

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We fabricated BiAlO thin film by a solution process with a brush coating to be used as liquid crystal (LC) alignment layer. Solution-processed BiAlO was coated on the glass substrate by brush process. Prepared thin films were annealed at different temperatures of 80℃, 180℃, and 280℃. To verify whether the BiAlO film was formed properly, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis was performed on Bi and Al. Using a crystal rotation method by polarized optical microscopy, LC alignment state was evaluated. At the annealing temperature of 280℃, the uniform homogenous LC alignment was achieved. To reveal the mechanism of LC alignment by brush coating, field emission scanning electron microscope was used. Through this analysis, spin-coated and brush coated film surface were compared. It was revealed that physical anisotropy was induced by brush coating at a high annealing temperature. Particles were aligned in one direction along which brush coating was made, resulting in a physical anisotropy that affects a uniform LC alignment. Therefore, it was confirmed that brush coating combined with BiAlO thin film annealed at high temperature has a significant potential for LC alignment.

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8리튬이온 배터리의 분리막 손상 요인별 방전펄스의 검출과 분석

저자 : 임승현 ( Seung-hyun Lim ) , 이경렬 ( Gyeong-yeol Lee ) , 김남훈 ( Nam-hoon Kim ) , 김동언 ( Dong-eon Kim ) , 길경석 ( Gyung-suk Kil )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 327-332 (6 pages)

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Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have become a main energy storage device in various applications, such as portable appliances, renewable energy facilities, and electric vehicles. However, the poor thermal stability of LIBs may cause explosion or fire. The thermal runaway is the result of a failure of the separator inside LIB. Damages like tearing, piercing, and collapsing of the separator were simulated in a mechanical, an electrical, and a thermal way, and small discharge pulses of a few mV were detected at the time of separator damages. From the experimental results, this paper provided a method that can identify the separator failure before thermal runaway in the aspect of a potential explosion and fire prevention measures.

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9벌크형 고온 초전도 합성

저자 : 이상헌 ( Sang Heon Lee )

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 333-336 (4 pages)

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Oxide YBCO bulk superconductors are manufactured using the melt process. Because seed crystal growth method utilizes a slow-spreading layer-by-layer reaction, a long-term heat treatment is required to manufacture a single-crystal specimen of several cm. In this study, the melt process method was applied to compensate for the shortcomings of the seed crystal growth method. The thickness of the upper and lower pellets of the YBCO bulk was molded to 40 mm, and YBCO superconductor was produced by heat treatment. The measurement results of capture magnetism was in line with the literature. This results in a relationship that the higher the growth of Y211 particle in the YBCO, the higher the superconducting properties. We analyzed the YBCO superconductor, focusing on the Y2BaCuO5 particle distribution.

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10Phase Evolution, Thermal Expansion, and Microwave Dielectric Properties of Cordierite-Al2O3 Composite

저자 : Shin Kim , Eun-doe Song , Hae-jin Hwang , Joo-sung Lee , Sang-ok Yoon

발행기관 : 한국전기전자재료학회 간행물 : 전기전자재료학회논문지(J. Korean Inst. Electr. Electron. Mater. Eng.) 34권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 337-341 (5 pages)

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Phase evolution, thermal and microwave dielectric properties of cordierite-Al2O3 composite were investigated. As the content of Al2O3 increased, mullite, sapphirine, and spinel were formed as secondary phases, implying that cordierite may be decomposed by the reaction with Al2O3. All sintered specimens exhibited dense microstructures. The densification occurred through liquid phase sintering. As the content of Al2O3 increased, the thermal expansion coefficient and the dielectric constant increased, whereas the quality factor decreased. The thermal expansion coefficient, the dielectric constant, and the quality factor of the 90 wt% cordierite 10 wt% Al2O3 composite sintered at 1,425℃ were 2.9×10-6 K-1, 5.1, and 34,844 GHz, respectively.

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