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대한한의학원전학회> 대한한의학원전학회지> 『침구자생경(針灸資生經)』에 기재된 두면부(頭面部) 병증 치료경혈의 특성에 대한 고찰

KCI등재

『침구자생경(針灸資生經)』에 기재된 두면부(頭面部) 병증 치료경혈의 특성에 대한 고찰

Study on the Characteristics of Acupoints that Treat Disorders of the Head and Face in the Zhenjiuzishengjing

금유정 ( Keum Yujeong ) , 이봉효 ( LEE Bonghyo ) , 여인금 ( Yeo Inkeum ) , 엄동명 ( Eom Dongmyung ) , 송지청 ( Song Jichung )
  • : 대한한의학원전학회
  • : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 08월
  • : 73-83(11pages)
대한한의학원전학회지

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 본론
Ⅲ. 고찰
Ⅳ. 결론
Acknowledgement
References

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초록 보기

Objectives : To organize the acupoints used to treat disorders of the head and face in the Zhenjiuzishengjing, and examine their characteristics in application.
Methods : 1. The head and face area was divided into 8 parts according to the textbook of meridians and acupoints. Channels belonging to each part were marked. 2. Disorders as mentioned in the Zhenjiuzishengjing were categorized into 8 groups, accordingly. 3. Acupoints used to treat each disorder were organized according to the channels each belonged to. 4. The points were divided according to their proximity, and their application frequency was organized. 5. Based on the organized contents, the characteristics of using proximal and distal points, together with the interrelationship between the channel belonging to the afflicted area and the points locations were examined.
Results : In treating disorders in the head and face area, various distal points along with proximal points were suggested in the Zhenjiuzishengjing. In some cases, points belonging to a channel that was irrelevant to the afflicted area were used widely; for proximal points, the Governor/Conception/Triple Energizer/Gallbladder channels were used. For distal points, channels that were related to the Five Zhang were used.
Conclusions : Based on the contents of the Zhenjiuzishengjing, the following could be concluded: 1. When treating disorders of the head and face caused by heat, distal points were mostly used. 2. In cases where points which are not part of channels that pass the head or face were used, Zhang disfunction was likely behind such points selection.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 의약학분야  > 기초한의학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-8328
  • : 2713-850X
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1987-2021
  • : 1234


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저자 : 조학준 ( Jo Hak-jun )

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Objectives : This paper analyzes the exam paper titled, 'Is Traditional Chinese Medicine Just an Art?' of the Yixuetongzong(醫学統宗) to provide basis for research on regional physicians' examination in the Ming period.
Methods : Cross examination, interpretation and content analysis of the exam paper were carried out.
Results : This document is the examination paper that He Jian(何柬) submitted past the age of 40 at a regional examination for physicians that took place at the Duxue Wenyuan which is presumed to have been a regional education institute for medicine in Nanjing. While he had experience in anatomy, having been an army doctor when he was young, and was an experienced doctor who was an expert in acupuncture, it seems his goal to become a medical official at the royal medical center failed. He accumulated knowledge and experience as a Confucian doctor for more than 25 years under his teacher Pan Xiquan. It is unclear whether he had been educated at the regional medical education institute.
Conclusion : The regional physicians' examination during the Ming period promoted test takers to learn both medical and Confucian knowledge quite thoroughly.

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2『본초승아반게(本草乘雅半偈)』의 불교(佛敎) 관련 설명에 대한 고찰

저자 : 安鎭熹 ( Ahn Jinhee ) , 尹基領 ( Yun Ki-ryoung ) , 南杰 ( Nan Jie )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 27-64 (38 pages)

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Objectives : This paper examined the Buddhist contents within the text, Bencaoshengyabanji(本草乘雅半偈).
Methods : Medicinals that were searched through Buddhist vocabulary were examined.
Results & Conclusions : Medicinals that quoted the Lengyanjing were related to the Water-Fire interaction, food and medicine, and karma, while those that quoted the Shidian were related to 無上道, 去惡殺蟲, 樞機滑利, and 生生之氣. Those related to the Great Earth of the Four Elements corrected the body's form based on Metal Qi, while those related to the Great Water were connected to the circulation of water dampness. Those related to the Great Fire were deeply related to Yang Qi, and those related to the Great Wind were connected to Wind control. Of the Four Origins, medicinals that were viviparous lowered Qi, while those that were oviparous were related to communicating Shen, treating diseases of the Conception Vessel, and the closing and opening of day and night. Medicinals originating from dampness were related to urination and fluid management, while those of metamorphosis were related to the process of Qi. Those related to emptiness were related to the communication of the Qi system, while those related to 六根六塵 were connected to calming the Shen and strengthening the will, and smoothing the nine orifices. Medicinals related to 圓通 were used for improving eyesight and hearing and controlling the closing and opening. Lu Zhi-yi's analysis of medicinals through the Lengyanjing is original in that it suggested a new perspective other than previous theories on pharmacology which were based on the Yin-Yang and Five Phases and Rising/Lowering/Floating/Sinking theories, but also pedantic and exaggerated. The Bencaoshengyabanji is a unique text on medicinals which analyzed each medicinal under Buddhist influence. However, it also followed the contexts of other previous texts on medicinals, and influenced Zou shu.

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저자 : 尹泓傑 ( Yoon Honggeol ) , 金基郁 ( Kim Kiwook ) , 吳龍澤 ( Oh Yongtaek ) , 李丙旭 ( Lee Byungwook )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 65-78 (14 pages)

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Objectives : This study aims to provide a methodology for effectively searching similar applications of formulas by comparing applications of pre-existing prescriptions and those applied clinically based on the difference in weight ratio of each medicinal.
Methods : The clinical application part was substituted by prescriptions from the Donguibogam. Samples of pre-existing prescriptions were taken from the Bangyakhappyeon. The component ratio of Donguibogam prescriptions(Y) and Bangyakhappyeon prescriptions(X1, X2) were calculated and expressed as Y = a×X1 +b×X2 + α. (a,b: numbers, α: the rest)
Results : 1. In order to express the component ratio based on arbitrary prescriptions as standard prescription, a system that incorporates a storage sector for pre-existing prescription data, an input sector for arbitrary prescription data, an analysis sector that compares the two, and an output sector that generates analysis results is required. 2. The current study shows that the suggested analysis method allows for two standard prescriptions to an arbitrary prescription. Therefore, it is possible to analyze prescriptions that are combinations of two standard prescriptions. 3. Based on arbitrary prescription(Y) and pre-existing prescription(X1, X2), the combinations could be expressed as Y= a×X1 + b×X2 + α. Through finding the most simple combination, it is possible to search the most similar application to each arbitrary prescription.

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4『의관(醫貫)』에서 명문진군(命門眞君) 개념의 도출(導出)에 대한 고찰

저자 : 殷晳玟 ( Eun Seok-min )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 79-93 (15 pages)

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Objectives : This study analyzes the theoretical and clinical reasoning process of Zhao Xian-Ke that argued that the Mingmen is the true monarch of the body.
Methods :The analysis focuses on how the arguments of Li Dong-yuan and Zhu Danxi was succeeded and supplemented by Zhao Xian-Ke into a new theoretical system in the Yiguan(醫貫).
Results & Conclusions : Zhao's argument that the Mingmen is the true monarch of the body is a result of emphasis on the meaning of innate Qi that is separate from the Water and Fire of the Heart and Kidney, which is derived from the innate Qi concept of Li Dong-yuan's Spleen-Stomach Theory. Zhu Danxi's Ministerial Fire Theory was also accepted through the innate Qi concept of Ministerial Fire and True Yin, which contributed to the establishment of a systematical theory on Mingmen, Miniterial Fire, and True Yin as constituents of innate Qi. In conclusion, the Neijing's explanation that the Heart radiates Shenming as the monarch organ has been modified into innate Qi from the Mingmen reaching the Heart to radiate Shenming.

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5서영태(徐靈胎)의 본초관(本草觀)에 대한 연구(硏究) - 『신농본초경백종록(神農本草經百種錄)』을 중심으로 -

저자 : 李相協 ( Lee Sang-hyup )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 95-117 (23 pages)

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Objectives : Based on the entries on each medicinal's 'specification' and the phrase '所以然' in the Shennong Bencao Baizhonglu, this paper aims to examine Xu Dachun's understanding of herbal medicinals.
Methods : One hundred medicinals from the text were sorted into eight categories: Qi, flavor, color, form, quality, nature and characteristic, time of growth, and producer, then examined.
Results : 1. Medicinals related to Qi were aromatic and pungent and warm. 2. Medicinals related to flavor were explained according to the Five Flavors' nature in terms of the thing and its functions theory. 3. Medicinals related to color were explained in relation to the Five Colors, whose interpretations were rather erratic. 4. Medicinals related to form were explained as it being possible to figure out their effects based on each medicinal's shape and form. 5. Medicinals related to quality were those that were used to manage dryness and dampness using their dry or wet qualities. 6. Medicinals related to nature and characteristics needed to be understood in their originality to grasp their unique abilities. 7. Both producer and time of growth were closely related to each medicinal's efficacy.
Conclusions : Understanding of the application of medicinals in the Shennong Bencaojing through continuous examination into each medicinal's 'specification' and 'its reasoning', together with their clinical application, will allow for learners to build an understanding of herbal medicinals.

KCI등재

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저자 : 尹銀卿 ( Yoon Eunkyung ) , 金鍾鉉 ( Kim Jong-hyun )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 119-136 (18 pages)

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Objectives : The Korean Medical concept Nochae(勞瘵) has been identified as tuberculosis, which is defined as an infectious disease caused by Myobacterium Tuberculosis. However, this identification requires re-examination.
Methods : The historical context of tuberculosis was examined, followed by examination of Nochae(勞瘵) as explained in the classical medical texts. The findings were compared.
Results : Before tuberculosis was defined by Myobacterium Tuberculosis, there were various discussions on the disease, which overlapped greatly with Nochae(勞瘵). On the other hand, there were notable distinctions as well, which suggest key characteristics of Nochae(勞瘵).
Conclusions : Tuberculosis pre-bacteria was understood as a consumptive and infectious disease manifested in symptoms in the Lungs. Nochae(勞瘵) was not defined by its lesion but rather within the contexts of deficiency-fatigue and being caused by parasites called Chung(蟲). Moreover, emotional fatigue was understood as the main cause of Nochae(勞瘵).

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7각기(脚氣)에 대한 고찰(考察) -Beriberi와의 비교를 중심으로-

저자 : 金鍾鉉 ( Kim Jong-hyun ) , 安鎭熹 ( Ahn Jinhee )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 137-165 (29 pages)

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Objectives :The Korean Medical concept Gak-Gi(脚氣) is understood as being identical to Beriberi and Vitamin B1 deficiency, without the necessary investigation that is required in such identification. Therefore this study aims to systematically compare these two concepts for thorough investigation.
Methods : Research was carried out in two directions. First, the cause, symptoms, treatment principles of Gak-Gi(脚氣) in the medical texts were analyzed. Second, the process of the Beriberi theory development and its identification with Gak-Gi(脚氣), medical information on Beriberi, and the basis of various diseases that have been linked to Gak-Gi(脚氣) were studied. Results of the two directions were used to compare Gak-Gi(脚氣) and Beriberi.
Results : Gak-Gi(脚氣) and Beriberi overlap in many aspects. However, unlike Beriberi which is understood as nutrient deficiency essentially, Gak-Gi(脚氣) can be caused by exterior pathogens such as wind toxin, while its different manifestations and treatment principles cannot be fully explained by nutrient deficiency.
Conclusions : Gak-Gi(脚氣) could be understood as a type of syndrome in which causes and symptoms are connected, where symptoms start in the legs, moving upwards. It cannot be identified with Beriberi, which has been interpreted as a single disease.

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1신무실증(腎無實證)에 대한 고찰

저자 : 尹基領 ( Yun Ki-ryoung ) , 安鎭熹 ( Ahn Jinhee )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-20 (20 pages)

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Objectives : This study aims to examine the background of how the theory of there being no excess pattern of the Kidney has been carried on by looking at contents on Kidney excess patterns pre-Qianyi and at those negating the possibility of Kidney excess post-Qianyi. The history of the Kidney draining method for Kidney excess patterns was studied as well.
Methods : Key words such as 腎實(kidney excess), 腎無實(no excess of the kidney), 瀉腎(draning the kidney) were entered into major database such as the Sikuquanshu to excavate contents on both Kidney excess and non-excess from medical classics.
Results & Conclusion :In the Neijing, there are few mentions of symptoms due to Kidney excess. The theory of Kidney non-excess marks its beginning with Qianyi, who argued that Kidney manages deficiency in children only. Afterwards, some doctors expanded this theory beyond children and applied it as a general principle of the body. Based on the theory of there being no excess of the Kidney, it could be thought that while there could be excess symptoms of the Kidney, the root mechanism lies in Kidney deficiency. The importance of the Kidney as the basis of heaven-bestowed life, which is responsible for reproduction, growth and development, is what motivated the theories on the Kidney as what needs to be preserved and never drained. It could also be argued that the symptoms of Kidney excess, which were mentioned post-Neijing, got dealt with within the context of other Zhangfu differentiation patterns and deficiency symptoms, and became increasingly less designated to Kidney excess.

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2유하간(劉河間)의 양신수(養腎水) 치법(治法)에 대한 고찰(考察) - 주단계(朱丹溪) 보신(補腎) 치법(治法)과의 비교(比較)를 통하여 -

저자 : 白裕相 ( Baik Yousang ) , 金度勳 ( Kim Do-hoon ) , 安鎭熹 ( Ahn Jinhee )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 21-39 (19 pages)

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Objectives : This paper compares and analyzes Liu Hejian's kidney fluid nourishing treatment methodology with Zhu Danxi's kidney tonifying treatment methodology.
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Objectives : This paper analyzes the newly discovered manuscripts of the HyangchonGyeongHeomdanbang(鄕村經驗單方). The HyangchonGyeongHeomdanbang is a collection of prescriptions written by Lee, Gyeongbu, a native of Gongju, Chungcheong Province, who served as a central official in the mid-19th century.
Methods : First, background of the author was investigated through official sources. Next, bibliographical information along with the contents of the book were examined.
Results : 1. Based on the findings of category classification, it can be concluded that the author put the most importance on tumefaction. 2. The author's main philosophy was cultivation based on Confucian ideas. 3. The book was intended for those without specialized medical knowledge.
Conclusions : The HyangchonGyeongHeomdanbang(鄕村經驗單方) is an example of maximized convenience and accessibility in the accumulative process of clinical medicine during 19th century Joseon.

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Objectives : This paper investigates the significance of the transmission ritual (TR) documented in the Huangdi Neijing (HN) and its effects on medicine pursued by HN's authors (medical bureaucrats).
Methods : Descriptions of knowledge transmission and related ritual were identified from HN texts. They were compared with similar types of actions in ancient China, then historically reconstructed. They were also approached from the perspective of ritual studies.
Results : It appears highly probable that TR in HN had actually been performed by the authors themselves, which shows characteristics of rites of passage. The participants accepted the in-group order based on patrimonial piety. TR consecrates the participants as well as its object, which is medical knowledge.
Conclusions : In the field of TR, the participants shared not only a specific document or knowledge, but also their common experiences of medical perfection and sanctity. They constructed their noble group identity through TR. At the same time, TR inhibited arguments inside the group, in favor of one-way communication.

KCI등재

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저자 : 금유정 ( Keum Yujeong ) , 이봉효 ( LEE Bonghyo ) , 여인금 ( Yeo Inkeum ) , 엄동명 ( Eom Dongmyung ) , 송지청 ( Song Jichung )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 73-83 (11 pages)

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Objectives : To organize the acupoints used to treat disorders of the head and face in the Zhenjiuzishengjing, and examine their characteristics in application.
Methods : 1. The head and face area was divided into 8 parts according to the textbook of meridians and acupoints. Channels belonging to each part were marked. 2. Disorders as mentioned in the Zhenjiuzishengjing were categorized into 8 groups, accordingly. 3. Acupoints used to treat each disorder were organized according to the channels each belonged to. 4. The points were divided according to their proximity, and their application frequency was organized. 5. Based on the organized contents, the characteristics of using proximal and distal points, together with the interrelationship between the channel belonging to the afflicted area and the points locations were examined.
Results : In treating disorders in the head and face area, various distal points along with proximal points were suggested in the Zhenjiuzishengjing. In some cases, points belonging to a channel that was irrelevant to the afflicted area were used widely; for proximal points, the Governor/Conception/Triple Energizer/Gallbladder channels were used. For distal points, channels that were related to the Five Zhang were used.
Conclusions : Based on the contents of the Zhenjiuzishengjing, the following could be concluded: 1. When treating disorders of the head and face caused by heat, distal points were mostly used. 2. In cases where points which are not part of channels that pass the head or face were used, Zhang disfunction was likely behind such points selection.

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KCI등재

7『소문(素問)·맥요정미론(脈要精微論)』의 촌구(寸口) 육부정위(六部定位)에 대한 고찰

저자 : 張祐彰 ( Woochang Jang ) , 南杰 ( Nan Jie )

발행기관 : 대한한의학원전학회 간행물 : 대한한의학원전학회지 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 101-123 (23 pages)

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Objectives : To examine the six positions correlation[六部定位] principle that is the basis of the wrist pulse diagnosis in the Neijing.
Methods : The basis for argument was established by correcting an interpretation error of the theory of chi(尺) skin diagnosis. In order to accomplish this, the annotations of Yang Shangshan and Wangbing were investigated first, after which the specific meaning and methodology of the chi diagnostic method as written in many chapters of the Neijing were examined. The evidence and reasoning for the six positions correlation[六部定位] was looked into, in relation to Wangbing's annotation of the chapter, Maiyaojingweilun. The theoretical basis of the six positions correlation was searched throughout the entire Neijing, based on the correlation between Liuhe and the six positions, the five elements inter-supporting theory embedded in the six positions correlation as a diagnosis model that integrates zhangfu and meridians/channels, and the meaning of the spacial concepts used when describing the tactile technique within the chapter. Lastly, contents related to the five zhang channels within the Neijing were reviewed, to determine whether the six positions correlation was applied in wrist pulse taking
Results & Conclusions : Some interpretations of the verse on matching the positions in the Maiyaojingweilun chapter of the Neijing are erroneous, while the argument that the three positions[cun-guan-chi] cannot be found in the Neijing is false as well. The wrist pulse taking in the Neijing is precisely based on the three positions correlation that divides the cun-guan-chi positions into three, and the correlation verse in the Maiyaojingweilun chapter clearly suggests the principle of matching the zhangfu and meridian/channels to the six positions of the cun-guan-chi of both left and right.

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Objectives : To examine the meaning of 'geuk(極)' and 'geuk(克)' of Cheon-gi and Insa respectively, for better translation of the contents and to understand the structure of the Donguisusebowon cosmology.
Methods : The meanings of the characters '極' and '克' based on examples in the Daxue were examined together with content-related books such as the Shujing and the Shijing. Related concepts such as Taiji and Huangji were investigated as well.
Results & Conclusions : Through investigation of the character usages and contexts in the Daxue, the archetypes of the two characters '極' and '克' were discovered. Based on these findings, the characteristics of Cheon-gi and Insa were thoroughly studied, which enabled better understanding of the structure of the world view that has been created by their integration. 'Geuk(極)' refers to Cheon-gi as the open world wherein all beings of different horizons are connected through a common principle. 'Geuk(克)' refers to Insa as an individual world that could be fully established by manifestation of one's moral abilities that lie within everybody. The two worlds integrate with each other, becoming two poles of the world humans belong to, while the human heart, in correspondence to these two worlds, create two poles within themselves, of which one pursues the public world while the other rejects the personal.

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