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서울대학교 행정대학원> Korean Journal of Policy Studies> Government Officials’ Self-Assessed Expertise and Subject Organizational Performance: Does Recruitment Type Matter?

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Government Officials’ Self-Assessed Expertise and Subject Organizational Performance: Does Recruitment Type Matter?

Seyoung Oh , Hyejin Kang
  • : 서울대학교 행정대학원
  • : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 06월
  • : 21-34(14pages)
Korean Journal of Policy Studies

DOI


목차

INTRODUCTION
THEORETICAL REVIEW AND HYPOTHESIS HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT THEORY AND EXPERTISE
RESEARCH DESIGN
ANALYSIS RESULTS
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This study verified whether the relationship between self-assessed expertise and subject organizational performance of government officials in South Korea would vary depending on the type of recruitment system―open competitive examination for recruitment (OCER) and mid-career competitive recruitment (MCCR). Multiple regression analysis was conducted using Public Employee Perception Survey data from the Korea Institute of Public Administration. The results demonstrated that self-assessed expertise positively affected organizational performance. However, when the two groups were analyzed separately, self-assessed professionalism was not a significant factor in the MCCR model. Additionally, the mediation effect of work autonomy was confirmed between the two models; the mediation effect was present in the OCER group, but not in the MCCR group. The results suggest that creating conditions for work and personnel management that allow MCCR employees to maximize their expertise is necessary, however, the government’s current personnel management system prevents their expertise from being fully utilized.

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1Serving the Unemployed: Do More Generous Social Insurance Programs Provide Better Quality Service?

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발행기관 : 서울대학교 행정대학원 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-11 (11 pages)

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The role and capacity of public administration in contributing to economic security is an increasingly important question. More generous social welfare programs may have greater capacity to insure households against risk, but those programs can effectively provide economic security only to the extent that public organizations deliver benefits promptly and properly to families in need. Administrative performance matters. Given that governments with more generous social programs have demonstrated social welfare to be a priority, are those governments also more likely to put effort towards better administration of welfare programs? This question is addressed here using administrative performance data from U.S. state-level unemployment insurance programs, from 2002-2015. Evidence points to a positive association between generosity and administrative quality: more generous states make fewer administrative errors and that relationship is driven by their making fewer underpayments. If unemployment insurance replacement rates reflect an institutionalized commitment to more generously protecting individuals from economic insecurity, that commitment is also evident in the types of administrative errors agents make.

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2The Policy Networks of the Korean International Migration Policy: Using Social Network Analysis

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This research adds value to the extant international migration policy studies by placing a greater focus on the 'processes' of the Korean international migration policy changes. Specifically, this study pays special attention to policy networks in the process of adopting ing the Employment Permit System for Foreigners (EPSF), one of the most important policy changes in Korean international migration policy history. On the basis of the Advocacy Coalition Framework, this research examines the policy network structure that describes the relationships between policy actors at network levels. The results found that the communication network is more hierarchical than the relational network at the global network level, a government-led advocacy coalition was influential in advocating EPSF at the coalition network, and the coordinating role of policy actors such as Office for Government Policy Coordination and New Millennium Democratic Party was significant in the policy process at the egocentric network level.

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3Politics or Bureaucratic Failures? Understanding the Dynamics of Policy Failures in Democratic Governance

저자 : Sanghee Park

발행기관 : 서울대학교 행정대학원 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 25-36 (12 pages)

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This study seeks to advance our understanding of policy failures as the nexus of politics and bureaucratic failure. In doing so, it presents a typology to illustrate different types of policy failures by the degree of bureaucratic capacities and politics/political incentives involved in a policy problem, and explores two cases of such failures in South Korea. This study claims that policy failures are joint products of political and bureaucratic failures to varying degrees and that the discussion of both sides helps to enhance accountability and avoid political blame games and bureau-bashing.
This study reflects on two Korean cases to demonstrate politically-driven and administratively-driven failures in the high- and low-capacity bureaucracy and their consequences. These cases also reveal the dynamic nature of policy failures moving from one category to another during the policy processes.
The first case concerns the failure in emergency response of the Korea Coast Guard (KCG) during and after the sinking of the ferry MV Sewol. A low bureaucratic capacity and lack of motivation to fulfill their function may be the direct cause of the failure, which will be the focus of the discussion of bureaucratic failure. Yet, it also reveals aspects of political failures before and after the accident, where politicians have failed to provide a bureaucratic agency with autonomy and stacked the deck against a less salient agency for political or electoral gains.
The second case discusses the politics of preliminary feasibility studies (PFS) required for major public projects. This case explores policy failures uniquely manifested in a highly capable bureaucracy, which shows how politics-laden issues plant the seeds of policy failures driven by the prompt implementation of flawed decisions. The discussion section further discusses key arguments and implications drawn from the case studies. The final section offers concluding thoughts and avenues for future research.

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4Presidential Leadership Qualities and Their Influence on Trust in Government

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발행기관 : 서울대학교 행정대학원 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 37-54 (18 pages)

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This study examines the relationship between presidential leadership qualities and trust in government, which is the public's perception of the government. Previous studies on the relationship between the two have approached the topic from different angles, focusing on aspects such as the role of presidential trust and presidential leadership as determinants of trust in government. However, such studies have failed to clarify the object of trust, whether it be a specific individual or institution, in assessments of government as well as influential variables; empirical studies that explore the relationship between presidential leadership and trust in government are also relatively scarce. We measured presidential leadership qualities using leadership skills and traits based on situational qualities leadership theory. According to the analysis results, presidential leadership qualities such as vision, communication skills, the ability to effectively manage government affairs, and political power are associated with trust in government, whereas the quality of integrity was not statistically significant. Moreover, the results showed that vision was regarded as the most important quality.

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1The Impact of Socio-Economic Position on Perceived Oppression: Using Social Support as a Mediator

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Within the continuing economic downturn, our society has been facing rapid dichotomization and bi-polarization between groups which reinforces social inequality. Young (2011) states that social inequality should be viewed as a concept of oppression, not by the distribution of resources, which has been considered as a general indicator of social inequality. Following her argument, she suggests exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, cultural imperialism, and violence as sub-concepts of oppression. In this sense, this study uses the distribution of resources as an independent variable and the 'perceived oppression' presented by Young as a dependent variable to identify the role of social support as a factor that makes the difference between social-structural inequality and contextual inequality. Through hierarchical regression analyses and bootstrapping methods this paper looks at how the two different perspectives on inequality are related, and how the social support mediates the relationship between socio-economic position and perceived oppression. By shedding light on the meaning of socio-economic isolation of individuals, this study will contribute to the academia in searching for the alternatives to strengthen the stability of our society where the new paradigm of communication is being used to form network ties and corresponding sense of supports.

KCI등재SCOUPUS

2Government Officials' Self-Assessed Expertise and Subject Organizational Performance: Does Recruitment Type Matter?

저자 : Seyoung Oh , Hyejin Kang

발행기관 : 서울대학교 행정대학원 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 21-34 (14 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study verified whether the relationship between self-assessed expertise and subject organizational performance of government officials in South Korea would vary depending on the type of recruitment system―open competitive examination for recruitment (OCER) and mid-career competitive recruitment (MCCR). Multiple regression analysis was conducted using Public Employee Perception Survey data from the Korea Institute of Public Administration. The results demonstrated that self-assessed expertise positively affected organizational performance. However, when the two groups were analyzed separately, self-assessed professionalism was not a significant factor in the MCCR model. Additionally, the mediation effect of work autonomy was confirmed between the two models; the mediation effect was present in the OCER group, but not in the MCCR group. The results suggest that creating conditions for work and personnel management that allow MCCR employees to maximize their expertise is necessary, however, the government's current personnel management system prevents their expertise from being fully utilized.

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While significant attention has been directed to the job switchers from the public sector to the private sector, there have been few studies about the job switchers in the opposite direction. This paper examines whether sector switchers' characteristics from the private to the public sector are different from stayers. It is related to a broader set of questions that ask how employees' characteristics and sector switching are related. The empirical analysis using the National Survey of College Graduates (2003, 2006, 2010, and 2013) shows the switchers' characteristics. First, females and unmarried employees were more likely to switch their jobs from the private to the public sector from 2003 to 2006. However, these gender and marriage status differences became insignificant from 2010 to 2013. Second, black employees were more likely to move from the private to the public sector for the whole period. Third, the more educated employees seemed to have more freedom to change their private to public careers. Fourth, employees with experience in government-funded projects were more likely to switch jobs from the private to the public. Fifth, workers who showed a low satisfaction level in job security and considered PSM as an essential job principle were more likely to shift across sectors from the private to public. This paper's findings highlight a neglected sector switch from private to public and open a window into the extent and characteristics of employees who switch their jobs from the private to the public sector.

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The success of a policy depends on whether policy tool is appropriately chosen and how they work well to effective policy implementation in complex policy environments. However, only a handful of empirical studies attempt to test the effects of policy tools. This study uses a hierarchical regression analysis with data from both administrative data and survey data gathered from 167 lower secondary school teachers in Korea to examine the effect of key policy tools. The results are as followings: for grant, subject classroom facility grant has statistically significant positive relationships with CE, whereas CE Model School grant does not; for regulation, textbook regulation has statistically significant positive relationships with CE, whereas fewer subjects per a semester regulation does not.

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