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서울대학교 한국행정연구소> Korean Journal of Policy Studies> The Impact of Socio-Economic Position on Perceived Oppression: Using Social Support as a Mediator

KCI등재

The Impact of Socio-Economic Position on Perceived Oppression: Using Social Support as a Mediator

Nakyung Lee , Tobin Im
  • : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소
  • : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 06월
  • : 1-19(19pages)
Korean Journal of Policy Studies

DOI


목차

WHAT FORMS ONE’S OWN WORLD
LITERATURE REVIEW
METHODS
RESULT
CONCLUSION
Acknowledgement
REFERENCES

키워드 보기


초록 보기

Within the continuing economic downturn, our society has been facing rapid dichotomization and bi-polarization between groups which reinforces social inequality. Young (2011) states that social inequality should be viewed as a concept of oppression, not by the distribution of resources, which has been considered as a general indicator of social inequality. Following her argument, she suggests exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, cultural imperialism, and violence as sub-concepts of oppression. In this sense, this study uses the distribution of resources as an independent variable and the ‘perceived oppression’ presented by Young as a dependent variable to identify the role of social support as a factor that makes the difference between social-structural inequality and contextual inequality. Through hierarchical regression analyses and bootstrapping methods this paper looks at how the two different perspectives on inequality are related, and how the social support mediates the relationship between socio-economic position and perceived oppression. By shedding light on the meaning of socio-economic isolation of individuals, this study will contribute to the academia in searching for the alternatives to strengthen the stability of our society where the new paradigm of communication is being used to form network ties and corresponding sense of supports.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 행정학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1225-5017
  • : 2765-2807
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1986-2021
  • : 487


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36권2호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1The Impact of Socio-Economic Position on Perceived Oppression: Using Social Support as a Mediator

저자 : Nakyung Lee , Tobin Im

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-19 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Within the continuing economic downturn, our society has been facing rapid dichotomization and bi-polarization between groups which reinforces social inequality. Young (2011) states that social inequality should be viewed as a concept of oppression, not by the distribution of resources, which has been considered as a general indicator of social inequality. Following her argument, she suggests exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, cultural imperialism, and violence as sub-concepts of oppression. In this sense, this study uses the distribution of resources as an independent variable and the 'perceived oppression' presented by Young as a dependent variable to identify the role of social support as a factor that makes the difference between social-structural inequality and contextual inequality. Through hierarchical regression analyses and bootstrapping methods this paper looks at how the two different perspectives on inequality are related, and how the social support mediates the relationship between socio-economic position and perceived oppression. By shedding light on the meaning of socio-economic isolation of individuals, this study will contribute to the academia in searching for the alternatives to strengthen the stability of our society where the new paradigm of communication is being used to form network ties and corresponding sense of supports.

KCI등재

2Government Officials' Self-Assessed Expertise and Subject Organizational Performance: Does Recruitment Type Matter?

저자 : Seyoung Oh , Hyejin Kang

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 21-34 (14 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study verified whether the relationship between self-assessed expertise and subject organizational performance of government officials in South Korea would vary depending on the type of recruitment system―open competitive examination for recruitment (OCER) and mid-career competitive recruitment (MCCR). Multiple regression analysis was conducted using Public Employee Perception Survey data from the Korea Institute of Public Administration. The results demonstrated that self-assessed expertise positively affected organizational performance. However, when the two groups were analyzed separately, self-assessed professionalism was not a significant factor in the MCCR model. Additionally, the mediation effect of work autonomy was confirmed between the two models; the mediation effect was present in the OCER group, but not in the MCCR group. The results suggest that creating conditions for work and personnel management that allow MCCR employees to maximize their expertise is necessary, however, the government's current personnel management system prevents their expertise from being fully utilized.

KCI등재

3Job Switch From the Private Sector to the Public Sector: The Characteristics of the Switchers

저자 : Namho Kwon

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 35-70 (36 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

While significant attention has been directed to the job switchers from the public sector to the private sector, there have been few studies about the job switchers in the opposite direction. This paper examines whether sector switchers' characteristics from the private to the public sector are different from stayers. It is related to a broader set of questions that ask how employees' characteristics and sector switching are related. The empirical analysis using the National Survey of College Graduates (2003, 2006, 2010, and 2013) shows the switchers' characteristics. First, females and unmarried employees were more likely to switch their jobs from the private to the public sector from 2003 to 2006. However, these gender and marriage status differences became insignificant from 2010 to 2013. Second, black employees were more likely to move from the private to the public sector for the whole period. Third, the more educated employees seemed to have more freedom to change their private to public careers. Fourth, employees with experience in government-funded projects were more likely to switch jobs from the private to the public. Fifth, workers who showed a low satisfaction level in job security and considered PSM as an essential job principle were more likely to shift across sectors from the private to public. This paper's findings highlight a neglected sector switch from private to public and open a window into the extent and characteristics of employees who switch their jobs from the private to the public sector.

KCI등재

4Determinants and Implications for Creativity Education in Korea : Policy Tools, Street-level Administration, and Implementation Conditions

저자 : Nanyoung Kim

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 71-88 (18 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The success of a policy depends on whether policy tool is appropriately chosen and how they work well to effective policy implementation in complex policy environments. However, only a handful of empirical studies attempt to test the effects of policy tools. This study uses a hierarchical regression analysis with data from both administrative data and survey data gathered from 167 lower secondary school teachers in Korea to examine the effect of key policy tools. The results are as followings: for grant, subject classroom facility grant has statistically significant positive relationships with CE, whereas CE Model School grant does not; for regulation, textbook regulation has statistically significant positive relationships with CE, whereas fewer subjects per a semester regulation does not.

1
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KCI등재

1The Impact of Socio-Economic Position on Perceived Oppression: Using Social Support as a Mediator

저자 : Nakyung Lee , Tobin Im

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-19 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Within the continuing economic downturn, our society has been facing rapid dichotomization and bi-polarization between groups which reinforces social inequality. Young (2011) states that social inequality should be viewed as a concept of oppression, not by the distribution of resources, which has been considered as a general indicator of social inequality. Following her argument, she suggests exploitation, marginalization, powerlessness, cultural imperialism, and violence as sub-concepts of oppression. In this sense, this study uses the distribution of resources as an independent variable and the 'perceived oppression' presented by Young as a dependent variable to identify the role of social support as a factor that makes the difference between social-structural inequality and contextual inequality. Through hierarchical regression analyses and bootstrapping methods this paper looks at how the two different perspectives on inequality are related, and how the social support mediates the relationship between socio-economic position and perceived oppression. By shedding light on the meaning of socio-economic isolation of individuals, this study will contribute to the academia in searching for the alternatives to strengthen the stability of our society where the new paradigm of communication is being used to form network ties and corresponding sense of supports.

KCI등재

2Government Officials' Self-Assessed Expertise and Subject Organizational Performance: Does Recruitment Type Matter?

저자 : Seyoung Oh , Hyejin Kang

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 21-34 (14 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study verified whether the relationship between self-assessed expertise and subject organizational performance of government officials in South Korea would vary depending on the type of recruitment system―open competitive examination for recruitment (OCER) and mid-career competitive recruitment (MCCR). Multiple regression analysis was conducted using Public Employee Perception Survey data from the Korea Institute of Public Administration. The results demonstrated that self-assessed expertise positively affected organizational performance. However, when the two groups were analyzed separately, self-assessed professionalism was not a significant factor in the MCCR model. Additionally, the mediation effect of work autonomy was confirmed between the two models; the mediation effect was present in the OCER group, but not in the MCCR group. The results suggest that creating conditions for work and personnel management that allow MCCR employees to maximize their expertise is necessary, however, the government's current personnel management system prevents their expertise from being fully utilized.

KCI등재

3Job Switch From the Private Sector to the Public Sector: The Characteristics of the Switchers

저자 : Namho Kwon

발행기관 : 서울대학교 한국행정연구소 간행물 : Korean Journal of Policy Studies 36권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 35-70 (36 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

While significant attention has been directed to the job switchers from the public sector to the private sector, there have been few studies about the job switchers in the opposite direction. This paper examines whether sector switchers' characteristics from the private to the public sector are different from stayers. It is related to a broader set of questions that ask how employees' characteristics and sector switching are related. The empirical analysis using the National Survey of College Graduates (2003, 2006, 2010, and 2013) shows the switchers' characteristics. First, females and unmarried employees were more likely to switch their jobs from the private to the public sector from 2003 to 2006. However, these gender and marriage status differences became insignificant from 2010 to 2013. Second, black employees were more likely to move from the private to the public sector for the whole period. Third, the more educated employees seemed to have more freedom to change their private to public careers. Fourth, employees with experience in government-funded projects were more likely to switch jobs from the private to the public. Fifth, workers who showed a low satisfaction level in job security and considered PSM as an essential job principle were more likely to shift across sectors from the private to public. This paper's findings highlight a neglected sector switch from private to public and open a window into the extent and characteristics of employees who switch their jobs from the private to the public sector.

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The success of a policy depends on whether policy tool is appropriately chosen and how they work well to effective policy implementation in complex policy environments. However, only a handful of empirical studies attempt to test the effects of policy tools. This study uses a hierarchical regression analysis with data from both administrative data and survey data gathered from 167 lower secondary school teachers in Korea to examine the effect of key policy tools. The results are as followings: for grant, subject classroom facility grant has statistically significant positive relationships with CE, whereas CE Model School grant does not; for regulation, textbook regulation has statistically significant positive relationships with CE, whereas fewer subjects per a semester regulation does not.

1
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