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국방대학교 안보문제연구소> The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA)> A Study on the Improvement of Practical Martial Law Stability Evaluation System

KCI등재

A Study on the Improvement of Practical Martial Law Stability Evaluation System

Hongseob Eom
  • : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소
  • : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 26권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 06월
  • : 67-90(24pages)
The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. Introduction
Ⅱ. The gap in the evaluation system between the situation of Martial law system and operations system
Ⅲ. Research design and method
Ⅳ. Problems and improvement directions of the martial law stability evaluation system
Ⅴ. Conclusion
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기

The purpose of this paper is to present an improved method for practical evaluation of martial law stability, which is the basis for effective martial law enforcement. Although martial law is an important act of national rule, it contains institutional irrationality and redundancy and does not reflect the changes in the environment of the times. In particular, martial law stability evaluation is a key procedure for determining whether to continue or stop martial law, but there were many difficulties in applying it in the field due to the lack of objectivity of the evaluation system and insufficient evaluation method. Therefore, in order to resolve these limitations, related laws and research papers were previously studied, and similar systems (Integrated defense operations and Stabilization operations) were compared and reviewed. In addition, in order to present a practical evaluation method, the evaluation system was reestablished by applying the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Delphi techniques that reflect the opinions of relevant experts and deriving evaluation factors, indicators, and evaluation criteria. Based on the results of this study, it will be possible to qualitatively and quantitatively establish a practical martial law stability evaluation system for the efficient implementation of martial law.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 2671-6860
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1996-2021
  • : 321


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1Toward Tripartite Civil-Military Relationship: Public Confidence in the Republic of Korea Armed Forces, 1982-2018

저자 : Hyun Woo Kim , Sang Keun Jung

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 4-28 (25 pages)

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This study aims to explore the paradox of declining public confidence in the South Korean military despite a successful transition from subjective civilian control to an objective one. Previous literature adopting the classical civil-military relations framework, following Samuel Huntington, implicitly focused on the dyadic relations between the government and the military and ultimately failed to provide useful insight into the declining public confidence in the South Korean Armed Forces. We argue that a transition to objective civilian control does not necessarily accompany high public confidence in the military, particularly in contexts of South Korea, where the majority of civilians have had extensive military experiences due to the conscription system over the past seventy years. Instead, we emphasize the tripartite relations among the government, the military, and the heterogeneous civilians-at-large to better explain declining public confidence in the military. To support our perspective, we empirically test how civilians' diverse demographic backgrounds, socio-political values, and voluntary association participations affect public confidence in the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. We finally discuss what our findings imply for policy and theoretical progress of the civil-military relations in post-authoritarian regimes and young democracies more generally.

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As the discourse on civil-military relations has emerged as a major issue under the global humanitarian platform, this study aims to measure the difference in perceptions of ROK civil and military organizations regarding the awareness and humanitarian response to the emergency crisis in DPRK, surveying 210 civilian aid workers (CWAs) and 220 officers and NCOs (MIL).
As a result of the study, a significant difference in perception between civil and military organizations is verified. First, CWAs perceived natural disasters as the main cause of the crisis, whereas MIL viewed armed conflict. Second, CWAs considered the territory of DPRK and its borders for target areas whilst MIL targeted the DMZ and the rear areas for humanitarian action. Third, CWAs focused on direct supports to displaced North Koreans, but MIL took heed of indirect assistance. Fourth, CWAs unexpectedly showed a lower level of perception of intervention of post-crisis recovery than that of MIL. Finally, CWAs would not prefer cooperation with foreign militaries other than the ROK MIL while MIL demonstrated openness in cooperation with not only ROK civil humanitarian agencies, but also other civilian agencies in the U.S., Japan, and Australia.
Viewed in this light, it suggests that an alternative approach should be explored in creating humanitarian space in which ROK civil and military organizations coordinate for an effective emergency response to DPRK with fragility and vulnerability.

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3Russia's Defense Capabilities and Strategy: Development and Characteristics

저자 : Jiwon Yun

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 49-66 (18 pages)

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The main aim of this article is to examine the purpose and structural features of Russia's defense development and strengthening defense capabilities to promote President Vladimir Putin's fourth term and the transition to a 'multi-centric system.' This system is seen as essential to making Russia strong again and providing a security strategy to counter America's unilateralism. The vision and direction of defense capabilities, which conforms to the new battlefield environment in the 21st century, are Putin's most important items of reform, focusing on reducing troops, supplying military personnel, reorganizing into a brigade-centered military system, modernizing the weapons system, increasing defense exports, and improving combat capabilities. With Putin's strong leadership and the will of top military leaders for the reform, Russia preserves sovereignty and territory and achieves the transformation from large-scale defensive forces to offensive mobile forces to counter its military and security threats, the increase in its ability to fight hybrid warfare and the modernization of the advanced weapons with a steady rise in the defense budget. In particular, it also strengthens Sino-Russian cooperation and maintains an offensive security strategy against the expansion of the U.S. and NATO, expands the missile defense system and develops advanced precision weapons, addresses international terrorism by cyber and intelligence warfare and the Islamic States militants.

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4A Study on the Improvement of Practical Martial Law Stability Evaluation System

저자 : Hongseob Eom

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 67-90 (24 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this paper is to present an improved method for practical evaluation of martial law stability, which is the basis for effective martial law enforcement. Although martial law is an important act of national rule, it contains institutional irrationality and redundancy and does not reflect the changes in the environment of the times. In particular, martial law stability evaluation is a key procedure for determining whether to continue or stop martial law, but there were many difficulties in applying it in the field due to the lack of objectivity of the evaluation system and insufficient evaluation method. Therefore, in order to resolve these limitations, related laws and research papers were previously studied, and similar systems (Integrated defense operations and Stabilization operations) were compared and reviewed. In addition, in order to present a practical evaluation method, the evaluation system was reestablished by applying the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Delphi techniques that reflect the opinions of relevant experts and deriving evaluation factors, indicators, and evaluation criteria. Based on the results of this study, it will be possible to qualitatively and quantitatively establish a practical martial law stability evaluation system for the efficient implementation of martial law.

1
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KCI등재

1Toward Tripartite Civil-Military Relationship: Public Confidence in the Republic of Korea Armed Forces, 1982-2018

저자 : Hyun Woo Kim , Sang Keun Jung

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 4-28 (25 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study aims to explore the paradox of declining public confidence in the South Korean military despite a successful transition from subjective civilian control to an objective one. Previous literature adopting the classical civil-military relations framework, following Samuel Huntington, implicitly focused on the dyadic relations between the government and the military and ultimately failed to provide useful insight into the declining public confidence in the South Korean Armed Forces. We argue that a transition to objective civilian control does not necessarily accompany high public confidence in the military, particularly in contexts of South Korea, where the majority of civilians have had extensive military experiences due to the conscription system over the past seventy years. Instead, we emphasize the tripartite relations among the government, the military, and the heterogeneous civilians-at-large to better explain declining public confidence in the military. To support our perspective, we empirically test how civilians' diverse demographic backgrounds, socio-political values, and voluntary association participations affect public confidence in the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. We finally discuss what our findings imply for policy and theoretical progress of the civil-military relations in post-authoritarian regimes and young democracies more generally.

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

As the discourse on civil-military relations has emerged as a major issue under the global humanitarian platform, this study aims to measure the difference in perceptions of ROK civil and military organizations regarding the awareness and humanitarian response to the emergency crisis in DPRK, surveying 210 civilian aid workers (CWAs) and 220 officers and NCOs (MIL).
As a result of the study, a significant difference in perception between civil and military organizations is verified. First, CWAs perceived natural disasters as the main cause of the crisis, whereas MIL viewed armed conflict. Second, CWAs considered the territory of DPRK and its borders for target areas whilst MIL targeted the DMZ and the rear areas for humanitarian action. Third, CWAs focused on direct supports to displaced North Koreans, but MIL took heed of indirect assistance. Fourth, CWAs unexpectedly showed a lower level of perception of intervention of post-crisis recovery than that of MIL. Finally, CWAs would not prefer cooperation with foreign militaries other than the ROK MIL while MIL demonstrated openness in cooperation with not only ROK civil humanitarian agencies, but also other civilian agencies in the U.S., Japan, and Australia.
Viewed in this light, it suggests that an alternative approach should be explored in creating humanitarian space in which ROK civil and military organizations coordinate for an effective emergency response to DPRK with fragility and vulnerability.

KCI등재

3Russia's Defense Capabilities and Strategy: Development and Characteristics

저자 : Jiwon Yun

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 49-66 (18 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The main aim of this article is to examine the purpose and structural features of Russia's defense development and strengthening defense capabilities to promote President Vladimir Putin's fourth term and the transition to a 'multi-centric system.' This system is seen as essential to making Russia strong again and providing a security strategy to counter America's unilateralism. The vision and direction of defense capabilities, which conforms to the new battlefield environment in the 21st century, are Putin's most important items of reform, focusing on reducing troops, supplying military personnel, reorganizing into a brigade-centered military system, modernizing the weapons system, increasing defense exports, and improving combat capabilities. With Putin's strong leadership and the will of top military leaders for the reform, Russia preserves sovereignty and territory and achieves the transformation from large-scale defensive forces to offensive mobile forces to counter its military and security threats, the increase in its ability to fight hybrid warfare and the modernization of the advanced weapons with a steady rise in the defense budget. In particular, it also strengthens Sino-Russian cooperation and maintains an offensive security strategy against the expansion of the U.S. and NATO, expands the missile defense system and develops advanced precision weapons, addresses international terrorism by cyber and intelligence warfare and the Islamic States militants.

KCI등재

4A Study on the Improvement of Practical Martial Law Stability Evaluation System

저자 : Hongseob Eom

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 26권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 67-90 (24 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The purpose of this paper is to present an improved method for practical evaluation of martial law stability, which is the basis for effective martial law enforcement. Although martial law is an important act of national rule, it contains institutional irrationality and redundancy and does not reflect the changes in the environment of the times. In particular, martial law stability evaluation is a key procedure for determining whether to continue or stop martial law, but there were many difficulties in applying it in the field due to the lack of objectivity of the evaluation system and insufficient evaluation method. Therefore, in order to resolve these limitations, related laws and research papers were previously studied, and similar systems (Integrated defense operations and Stabilization operations) were compared and reviewed. In addition, in order to present a practical evaluation method, the evaluation system was reestablished by applying the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Delphi techniques that reflect the opinions of relevant experts and deriving evaluation factors, indicators, and evaluation criteria. Based on the results of this study, it will be possible to qualitatively and quantitatively establish a practical martial law stability evaluation system for the efficient implementation of martial law.

1
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