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한국비교정부학회> 한국비교정부학보> 은둔형 외톨이 극복자들의 활동 확대를 통한 지방소멸 방지 방안 연구

KCI등재

은둔형 외톨이 극복자들의 활동 확대를 통한 지방소멸 방지 방안 연구

Research on Measures to prevent Local Extinction through Expansion of Activities of Hikikomori Overcomers

정근하 ( Geun Ha Jung ) , 이상엽 ( Sang-yup Lee ) , 노영희 ( Younghee Noh )
  • : 한국비교정부학회
  • : 한국비교정부학보 25권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 06월
  • : 141-165(25pages)
한국비교정부학보

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 이론적 논의
Ⅲ. 연구방법
IV. 은둔형 외톨이 영상 조사결과
Ⅳ. 은둔 경험자들의 상처받은 치유자로서의 활용 방안
Ⅴ. 결론
Conflicts of interest
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기

(Purpose) The young people who are supposed to work most actively cannot adapt to the fierce competition and the conventional wisdom of society. They lose their self-esteem and become "withdrawal" in a small room. The problem is that even the family cannot deal with this situation properly so they experience extreme conflicts. Withdrawal, as well as the family and society as a whole, suffer tangible and intangible losses. (Design/methodology/approach) This study analyzes the remarks of those who have overcome their secluded life and returned to society. It also explores how their experiences can contribute to the general public. In particular, the purpose of this study is to restore the individual's lost self-esteem and present a way to live independently as a full-fledged member of this society.
(Research implications or Originality) Researchers would like to propose the establishment of support centers around the country to support withdrawal. Experiences that contribute to society can be expected to increase one's self-esteem. It is expected that the state's administrative support for those who have lost their self-esteem will not only renew their awareness of the state, but also raise the level and phase of the country's.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 행정학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-964X
  • : 2713-5357
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1999-2021
  • : 762


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KCI등재

1지방정부 경제성장에 미치는 변수 영향력 분석

저자 : 김덕준 ( Duckjoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

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(Purpose) This study analyzes the effects of local variables on local economic growth in Korea from 2010 to 2017. In accomplishing the research goal, this study takes two methodological steps. The first is to evaluate the relative effects of total local factors on economic growth compared with those of external factors such as national and regional conditions that are far beyond the control of local governments. As the effects of local factors are proved to be meaningful, we then proceed to the second step of evaluating the specific effects of some local variables on economic growth.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study utilizes the GRDP of all 226 second-tier local governments as the index of their economic growth. In the first step of time series analysis, this study applies the variance components analysis methodology to estimate the relative effects of the total local factors on economic growth. In the second step, the simultaneous effects between key endogenous variables in the model compel this study to utilize a two-stage least-squares regression analysis. Limited to a one-shot cross sectional analysis, the simultaneous equations model estimates the effects of each specific local variable on economic growth.
(Findings) Results clearly indicate that the total effects of local factors are overwhelming the external conditions for economic growth. During the whole period of analysis, the local factors explain more than 85% of local economic growth. Among the effects of each variables, some variables representing the budgetary, demographic, industrial, and social characteristics of locality turn out to be statistically significant.
(Research implications or Originality) The results of the variance components analysis propose that local governments need to take more active policy initiatives to promote economic growth. The results of the two-stage least-squares procedure, however, reveal that there are no practical and effective local policy options for economic growth in the short-run. Within the limits of weak policy effects and high stability among local governments in the competition for economic growth, some combined local policy options still may matter in the long-run.

KCI등재

2감축관리, 재정 안정성 및 재정 성과

저자 : 김성찬 ( Sungchan Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 25-42 (18 pages)

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(Purpose) Decision makers attempt to adopt strategies in order to treat the sensitivity of state budgets and stabilize the budgets throughout changes in the business cycle. Particularly, during times of fiscal stress or scarcity, public organizations have faced the necessity of cutbacks and implemented cutback management. However, there is little research about the effectiveness of cutback management. Thus, this study examines the impact of cutback strategies on spending stability and budgetary prerformance by using the data set of U.S. state governments from 2001 to 2013.
(Design/methodology/approach) In my analysis, the ordinary least squares (OLS) model with random effect are used to see how cutback management affects total expenditure volatility and fiscal outcomes. Further, interaction terms between cutback management and state government savings as well as between cutback management and fiscal severity are also included in the analysis.
(Findings) I find that cutback management strategies result in negative budgetary performance, which indicates that they are not generally effective. However, targeted cuts play a role in stabilizing expenditures in the short-term. Interestingly, this study finds that cutback management shows different outcomes when the cutback strategies are implemented in different contexts in terms of reousrce levels and fiscal severity of state governments.
(Research implication or originality) This study shows that implementation of cutback management needs to consider other conditions of the government such as resources (savings) when the cutback is employed. State with higher levels of savings should accompany either the across-the-board or the targeted cuts with spending stability. Moreover, this study suggests that governments need to consider fiscal severity when cutback management is employed. In addition, in terms of short-term fiscal outcomes, states with a high level of fiscal severity need to employ targeted cuts for improving fiscal outcomes, but states with a higher level of fiscal severity are encouraged to implement the across-the-board cuts for fiscal outcomes in the longer term.

KCI등재

3정부결산에서 정책결산에 대한 미국, 영국, 한국의 비교연구

저자 : 김수희 ( Suhee Kim ) , 유승원 ( Seungwon Yu )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 43-62 (20 pages)

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(Purpose) Governmental fiscal reporting aims to provide accounting reporting and policy reporting. Out of the two reporting, scholars and governmental managers have focused on accounting reporting, not policy reporting. Few prior studies have analyzed the policy reporting in governmental fiscal reporting. This article attempts to overcome this limitation and expand the discussion of policy reporting in governmental accounting.
(Design/methodology/approach) We explore literature and financial reports and compare how the policy aspect is reported in governmental financial accounting in three countries, drawing policy implications. The article studies both national reporting and departmental reporting (Health or Welfare Department).
(Findings) The US and the UK governments provide various policy reporting information in the governmental fiscal reporting, but the way the information was provided was different between the two countries. For the policy reporting, the US mainly uses financial statements, while the UK primarily uses performance reporting. However, the policy reporting information that Korea provides in governmental fiscal reporting is minimal.
(Research implications or Originality) This article may provide implications for future discussions on policy reporting in governmental financial accounting reporting. The policy reporting needs to be highlighted in the governmental financial accounting reporting to secure the government's fiscal performance and accountability. For example, the Korean government is required to present detailed policy information in the financial accounting reporting to the public, either by using financial statements or performance reporting.

KCI등재

4대학 국제연구협력 강화를 위한 대학교 국제연구협력 동향 분석

저자 : 노영희 ( Younghee Noh )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 63-80 (18 pages)

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(Purpose) This study tried to understand the current status of international research cooperation at universities based on the results of analyzing the current status of university institutions.
(Design/methodology/approach) For this study, first, based on the literature review related to international research cooperation, the theory related to international research cooperation of universities was established. Second, the database of information sources related to international research cooperation of universities was analyzed.
(Research implications or Originality) As a result of the study, first, based on the introduction of universities conducting international cooperation, the keywords with the highest frequency appeared in the order of international, exchange, education, research, student, program, institution, and overseas. Second, as a result of analyzing the contents of cooperation being conducted through sisterhood ties with international university institutions and MOUs at universities, the conclusion of academic exchange agreements, membership in international conferences and activities, operation of various international exchange programs, exchange students, double degrees, global internships It was found that there are teaching and learning programs such as language training, academic support and exchange professor programs, research cooperation, workshops and forums, and education and research support on Korea to revitalize Korean studies. As a prerequisite for expanding cooperation with domestic and international universities, it is necessary to strengthen the university's own interest and support in terms of fulfilling its social responsibilities. At present, the recognition of international research cooperation within universities is low, as items on participation in international development cooperation projects are not reflected in the evaluation of professor accompanied so that individual professors or affiliated research institutions can more actively engage in international research cooperation projects, and system improvement should also be made if necessary.

KCI등재

5공간적 구조에 따른 공공갈등의 영향범위 분석

저자 : 김강민 ( Gang-min Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 81-111 (31 pages)

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(Purpose) The purpose of the study is to accurately understand the distribution of initial stakeholders when using conflict management systems. The scope of interested parties may be reasonably established according to the structural characteristics of policies. Accurately establishing the distribution diagram of stakeholders, the methods and procedures of the consensus formation process can be clearly diagnosed and managed.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study analyzed the characteristics of conflict. The main view of characteristics is the study of measuring the distribution of stakeholders in spatial settings. The main research method was analyzed based on cross-analysis, and the intensity of conflict was derived from the average value.
(Findings) First, In the case of dots, conflict resolution through conflict mediation consultative body is effective because stakeholders are specific and narrow. Second, In the case of lines, strategic conflict management is required due to wide stakeholders and different environments. Third, Because area and nationwide conflicts have many ideological conflicts, promotion should be preceded by stakeholders to improve understanding of policies. The next step is to choose one of the various deliberative processes.
(Research implications or Originality) This study has the originality of approaching the view of conflict research from a spatial(point, lines, area and nationwide) perspective. Effective conflict management requires the results of spatial research to be approached at the legal and institutional level and included in the early stages of conflict impact analysis. We also lay the groundwork for collecting more objective data by conducting research around the physical environment from the perspective of conflict management.

KCI등재

6한국 경찰관의 공공봉사동기 영향요인의 탐색: 일반사회화와 조직사회화의 관점에서

저자 : 우동석 ( Dongseok Woo ) , 정광호 ( Kwangho Jung )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 113-140 (28 pages)

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(Purpose) As the scope and importance of Korean Police duties increase further due to the government's pursuit of reform of power institutions, the motivation for police officers' public service will inevitably become more and more critical. This study complements the existing literature on police officers' job motivation and conducts an empirical study on socialization factors specifically influencing police officers' public service motivation(PSM).
(Design/methodology/approach) Two categories of socialization, general and organizational socialization, were examined as the antecedents of PSM. This study used OLS regression for examining the relationship between the four dimensions of PSM and the antecedents.
(Findings) This study provides some statistical survey evidence that the PSM of Korean police officers depends on the early socialization process before entering the police job career. Parental modeling and organizational culture are mainly two dominant predictors of all dimensions of their PSM. Also, the level of self-sacrifice decreases significantly as the rank increases, while the workplace experience of reorganization harms their compassion toward others.
(Research implications or Originality) The findings of this study suggest that Korean police HR management needs to create a friendly environment at the workplace and choose applicants whose parents have worked in the public sector before. This paper also contributes to the current research on PSM by examining the relationship between the socialization processes and four sub-dimensions of Korean police officers' PSM.

KCI등재

7은둔형 외톨이 극복자들의 활동 확대를 통한 지방소멸 방지 방안 연구

저자 : 정근하 ( Geun Ha Jung ) , 이상엽 ( Sang-yup Lee ) , 노영희 ( Younghee Noh )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 141-165 (25 pages)

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(Purpose) The young people who are supposed to work most actively cannot adapt to the fierce competition and the conventional wisdom of society. They lose their self-esteem and become "withdrawal" in a small room. The problem is that even the family cannot deal with this situation properly so they experience extreme conflicts. Withdrawal, as well as the family and society as a whole, suffer tangible and intangible losses. (Design/methodology/approach) This study analyzes the remarks of those who have overcome their secluded life and returned to society. It also explores how their experiences can contribute to the general public. In particular, the purpose of this study is to restore the individual's lost self-esteem and present a way to live independently as a full-fledged member of this society.
(Research implications or Originality) Researchers would like to propose the establishment of support centers around the country to support withdrawal. Experiences that contribute to society can be expected to increase one's self-esteem. It is expected that the state's administrative support for those who have lost their self-esteem will not only renew their awareness of the state, but also raise the level and phase of the country's.

KCI등재

8기초자치단체 문화재단 조직 재설계에 관한 논의

저자 : 전영옥 ( Young-ok Chon )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 167-189 (23 pages)

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(Purpose) Organizations for business and research in the cultural field have an unstable organizational structure that relies on short-term employment. This study diagnoses the actual structural system of the cultural foundation organization of the basic local government, which has been accelerating its establishment since 2006, and looks at it from the perspective of organizational growth based on the demands of the basic local government's cultural foundation office and the current operating conditions.
(Design/methodology/approach) The scope of content and time was limited to the diagnosis and redesign required for the organizational redesign of the secretariat that has been maintained since the 2018 reorganization of the Wanju Cultural Foundation. For consideration of alternative organizational systems, H. Mintzberg's organizational growth path model is applied. For the diagnosis of the target organization of the case, the direction of organization redesign was suggested by utilizing the situational suitability evaluation, organizational efficiency evaluation, and job load analysis. Literature review, employee interview survey, benchmarking of similar organizations, and job load analysis by self-writing method were mainly used.
(Findings) According to the results of the interview survey applying H. Mintzberg's organizational growth path model, the tasks of the Cultural Foundation were derived as follows; First of all, it was found that it was necessary to prepare a communication system and coordinate work in the coordination mechanism sector. In the design parameter category, it was found that there is an urgent need to create an environment for job training and nurturing of professional manpower, and it is necessary to delegation of authority to the team leader due to unnecessary destruction and overall review of the evaluation system, and the revision of the Foundation's delegation regulations. It was found that it was necessary to significantly improve the working conditions of foundation employees due to the improvement of the personnel system. Regarding the situational factors, the Foundation should secure independence and autonomy by enhancing its external status as a specialized organization, secure stable financial resources, and increase manpower has emerged as an urgent task.
(Research implications or Originality) The results shown in the various analysis results of this study confirmed that the demand for new work in an unstable and unsystematic state of the actual cultural sector is pouring out. In this context, this study presented clarification of issues according to the demand for new work, rearrangement of different workers, and reorganization of work (draft). In addition, it suggested the division of work according to the organization redesign along with the proposal for the cultural foundation's manpower supplement. This can be said to be of significance as the first attempt to approach an academic subject in the organization and manpower management of the cultural foundation of a local government.

KCI등재

9중소기업의 혁신지원정책에 대한 인식과 혁신 성공 경험이 정책만족도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김경아 ( Kyung-ah Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 191-214 (24 pages)

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(Purpose) This study examined the obstacles facing the innovation process, recognition of the need for support policies, and the innovation activities and capabilities of the firms, and the experience of innovation success as factors affecting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) satisfaction in the energy and related industrial technologies industries.
(Design/methodology/approach) The two dependent variables are satisfaction with transparency in the policy review process and overall satisfaction with policies to support innovation. The samples of the empirical analysis are 1,827 SMEs belonging to energy and related industrial technologies (smart energy industries), and this study used “Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Technology Survey” polling data for two years between 2018 and 2019 which is approved by the National Statistical Office.
(Finding) The results of the analysis are as follows. First, most of the independent variables affect both satisfaction with the overall innovation support policy and transparency of the deliberation process. Second, the policy demand for innovation support policies has a positive effect on the direct funding in the commercialization stage, tax support, and personnel support for elementary and intermediate technology development stages. The bigger the obstacles, such as difficulty in securing manpower, lack of funds, and lack of technical information, the higher the satisfaction about the support policy.
(Research implications or Originality) The main implication of this study is for the policymakers how they can review strategies to improve firm satisfaction with policies by encouraging and expanding the success experiences of small and medium-sized enterprises promoting innovation.

KCI등재

10소셜 빅 데이터 분석을 통한 지방대학의 위기 분석과 그 극복 방안

저자 : 이상엽 ( Sang-yup Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 215-252 (38 pages)

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(Purpose) Recently, universities have called for a comprehensive and strategic overhaul of human resource development due to changes in the number of school-age population, entering an aging society, diversity in education demand due to population diversification, popularization of higher education, and non-face-to-face learning due to Covid-19. In particular, special measures are needed as the crisis at local universities is accelerating due to the disappearance of local areas and a sharp drop in the number of admissions population. To establish an effective and responsive university support policy, social changes and opinions which cannot be identified by simple analytical methods should be analyzed through the social big data. In this paper, I analyzed how university members and the general public are changing their perceptions of the crisis of local universities due to the decrease in local population over the past five years through social big data analysis.
(Design/methodology/approach) Data collection period is a total of 5 years from April 1st 2016 to March 31st 2021, and the data were collected yearly basis. Collection channels are blogs(Naver, Daum) and Facebook. Keywords were crisis of local universities, lack of recruitment, closure of universities, abolition of departments, enrollment quota, recruitment rate of freshmen, shortage of enrollment rate, etc.. Textom and UCINET6 / Netdraw tools were used. Keywords were identified through the analysis of occurrence frequency of yearly collected data, and yearly centrality were analyzed. Semantic network analysis was subsequently conducted. Total number of collected data was 97,491,
(Findings) According to an analysis of the annual topic terms, keywords such as "university", "enrollment recruitment", "not filled", "enrollment quota", "local university", "recruitment of students" and "new students" appeared frequently. As a result of checking the centrality value, keywords such as "university", "enrollment recruitment", "not filled", "enrollment quota", Other influential keywords included "grade", "local university", "new students", "recruitment", "admission", "student" and "local". The keyword's meaning network showed a high degree of connection between "university-local", "university-capital university", "university-local university", "university-enrollment recruitment", and "university-filling"
(Research implications or Originality) In the policy alternative section, the government's policies related to the adjustment of the admission quota of universities, measures at the local university level, departmental efforts, and measures to attract students to local and local universities were proposed.

12
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KCI등재

1지방정부 경제성장에 미치는 변수 영향력 분석

저자 : 김덕준 ( Duckjoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

(Purpose) This study analyzes the effects of local variables on local economic growth in Korea from 2010 to 2017. In accomplishing the research goal, this study takes two methodological steps. The first is to evaluate the relative effects of total local factors on economic growth compared with those of external factors such as national and regional conditions that are far beyond the control of local governments. As the effects of local factors are proved to be meaningful, we then proceed to the second step of evaluating the specific effects of some local variables on economic growth.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study utilizes the GRDP of all 226 second-tier local governments as the index of their economic growth. In the first step of time series analysis, this study applies the variance components analysis methodology to estimate the relative effects of the total local factors on economic growth. In the second step, the simultaneous effects between key endogenous variables in the model compel this study to utilize a two-stage least-squares regression analysis. Limited to a one-shot cross sectional analysis, the simultaneous equations model estimates the effects of each specific local variable on economic growth.
(Findings) Results clearly indicate that the total effects of local factors are overwhelming the external conditions for economic growth. During the whole period of analysis, the local factors explain more than 85% of local economic growth. Among the effects of each variables, some variables representing the budgetary, demographic, industrial, and social characteristics of locality turn out to be statistically significant.
(Research implications or Originality) The results of the variance components analysis propose that local governments need to take more active policy initiatives to promote economic growth. The results of the two-stage least-squares procedure, however, reveal that there are no practical and effective local policy options for economic growth in the short-run. Within the limits of weak policy effects and high stability among local governments in the competition for economic growth, some combined local policy options still may matter in the long-run.

KCI등재

2감축관리, 재정 안정성 및 재정 성과

저자 : 김성찬 ( Sungchan Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 25-42 (18 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

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(Purpose) Decision makers attempt to adopt strategies in order to treat the sensitivity of state budgets and stabilize the budgets throughout changes in the business cycle. Particularly, during times of fiscal stress or scarcity, public organizations have faced the necessity of cutbacks and implemented cutback management. However, there is little research about the effectiveness of cutback management. Thus, this study examines the impact of cutback strategies on spending stability and budgetary prerformance by using the data set of U.S. state governments from 2001 to 2013.
(Design/methodology/approach) In my analysis, the ordinary least squares (OLS) model with random effect are used to see how cutback management affects total expenditure volatility and fiscal outcomes. Further, interaction terms between cutback management and state government savings as well as between cutback management and fiscal severity are also included in the analysis.
(Findings) I find that cutback management strategies result in negative budgetary performance, which indicates that they are not generally effective. However, targeted cuts play a role in stabilizing expenditures in the short-term. Interestingly, this study finds that cutback management shows different outcomes when the cutback strategies are implemented in different contexts in terms of reousrce levels and fiscal severity of state governments.
(Research implication or originality) This study shows that implementation of cutback management needs to consider other conditions of the government such as resources (savings) when the cutback is employed. State with higher levels of savings should accompany either the across-the-board or the targeted cuts with spending stability. Moreover, this study suggests that governments need to consider fiscal severity when cutback management is employed. In addition, in terms of short-term fiscal outcomes, states with a high level of fiscal severity need to employ targeted cuts for improving fiscal outcomes, but states with a higher level of fiscal severity are encouraged to implement the across-the-board cuts for fiscal outcomes in the longer term.

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3정부결산에서 정책결산에 대한 미국, 영국, 한국의 비교연구

저자 : 김수희 ( Suhee Kim ) , 유승원 ( Seungwon Yu )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 43-62 (20 pages)

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(Purpose) Governmental fiscal reporting aims to provide accounting reporting and policy reporting. Out of the two reporting, scholars and governmental managers have focused on accounting reporting, not policy reporting. Few prior studies have analyzed the policy reporting in governmental fiscal reporting. This article attempts to overcome this limitation and expand the discussion of policy reporting in governmental accounting.
(Design/methodology/approach) We explore literature and financial reports and compare how the policy aspect is reported in governmental financial accounting in three countries, drawing policy implications. The article studies both national reporting and departmental reporting (Health or Welfare Department).
(Findings) The US and the UK governments provide various policy reporting information in the governmental fiscal reporting, but the way the information was provided was different between the two countries. For the policy reporting, the US mainly uses financial statements, while the UK primarily uses performance reporting. However, the policy reporting information that Korea provides in governmental fiscal reporting is minimal.
(Research implications or Originality) This article may provide implications for future discussions on policy reporting in governmental financial accounting reporting. The policy reporting needs to be highlighted in the governmental financial accounting reporting to secure the government's fiscal performance and accountability. For example, the Korean government is required to present detailed policy information in the financial accounting reporting to the public, either by using financial statements or performance reporting.

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4대학 국제연구협력 강화를 위한 대학교 국제연구협력 동향 분석

저자 : 노영희 ( Younghee Noh )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 63-80 (18 pages)

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(Purpose) This study tried to understand the current status of international research cooperation at universities based on the results of analyzing the current status of university institutions.
(Design/methodology/approach) For this study, first, based on the literature review related to international research cooperation, the theory related to international research cooperation of universities was established. Second, the database of information sources related to international research cooperation of universities was analyzed.
(Research implications or Originality) As a result of the study, first, based on the introduction of universities conducting international cooperation, the keywords with the highest frequency appeared in the order of international, exchange, education, research, student, program, institution, and overseas. Second, as a result of analyzing the contents of cooperation being conducted through sisterhood ties with international university institutions and MOUs at universities, the conclusion of academic exchange agreements, membership in international conferences and activities, operation of various international exchange programs, exchange students, double degrees, global internships It was found that there are teaching and learning programs such as language training, academic support and exchange professor programs, research cooperation, workshops and forums, and education and research support on Korea to revitalize Korean studies. As a prerequisite for expanding cooperation with domestic and international universities, it is necessary to strengthen the university's own interest and support in terms of fulfilling its social responsibilities. At present, the recognition of international research cooperation within universities is low, as items on participation in international development cooperation projects are not reflected in the evaluation of professor accompanied so that individual professors or affiliated research institutions can more actively engage in international research cooperation projects, and system improvement should also be made if necessary.

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5공간적 구조에 따른 공공갈등의 영향범위 분석

저자 : 김강민 ( Gang-min Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 81-111 (31 pages)

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(Purpose) The purpose of the study is to accurately understand the distribution of initial stakeholders when using conflict management systems. The scope of interested parties may be reasonably established according to the structural characteristics of policies. Accurately establishing the distribution diagram of stakeholders, the methods and procedures of the consensus formation process can be clearly diagnosed and managed.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study analyzed the characteristics of conflict. The main view of characteristics is the study of measuring the distribution of stakeholders in spatial settings. The main research method was analyzed based on cross-analysis, and the intensity of conflict was derived from the average value.
(Findings) First, In the case of dots, conflict resolution through conflict mediation consultative body is effective because stakeholders are specific and narrow. Second, In the case of lines, strategic conflict management is required due to wide stakeholders and different environments. Third, Because area and nationwide conflicts have many ideological conflicts, promotion should be preceded by stakeholders to improve understanding of policies. The next step is to choose one of the various deliberative processes.
(Research implications or Originality) This study has the originality of approaching the view of conflict research from a spatial(point, lines, area and nationwide) perspective. Effective conflict management requires the results of spatial research to be approached at the legal and institutional level and included in the early stages of conflict impact analysis. We also lay the groundwork for collecting more objective data by conducting research around the physical environment from the perspective of conflict management.

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6한국 경찰관의 공공봉사동기 영향요인의 탐색: 일반사회화와 조직사회화의 관점에서

저자 : 우동석 ( Dongseok Woo ) , 정광호 ( Kwangho Jung )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 113-140 (28 pages)

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(Purpose) As the scope and importance of Korean Police duties increase further due to the government's pursuit of reform of power institutions, the motivation for police officers' public service will inevitably become more and more critical. This study complements the existing literature on police officers' job motivation and conducts an empirical study on socialization factors specifically influencing police officers' public service motivation(PSM).
(Design/methodology/approach) Two categories of socialization, general and organizational socialization, were examined as the antecedents of PSM. This study used OLS regression for examining the relationship between the four dimensions of PSM and the antecedents.
(Findings) This study provides some statistical survey evidence that the PSM of Korean police officers depends on the early socialization process before entering the police job career. Parental modeling and organizational culture are mainly two dominant predictors of all dimensions of their PSM. Also, the level of self-sacrifice decreases significantly as the rank increases, while the workplace experience of reorganization harms their compassion toward others.
(Research implications or Originality) The findings of this study suggest that Korean police HR management needs to create a friendly environment at the workplace and choose applicants whose parents have worked in the public sector before. This paper also contributes to the current research on PSM by examining the relationship between the socialization processes and four sub-dimensions of Korean police officers' PSM.

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7은둔형 외톨이 극복자들의 활동 확대를 통한 지방소멸 방지 방안 연구

저자 : 정근하 ( Geun Ha Jung ) , 이상엽 ( Sang-yup Lee ) , 노영희 ( Younghee Noh )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 141-165 (25 pages)

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(Purpose) The young people who are supposed to work most actively cannot adapt to the fierce competition and the conventional wisdom of society. They lose their self-esteem and become "withdrawal" in a small room. The problem is that even the family cannot deal with this situation properly so they experience extreme conflicts. Withdrawal, as well as the family and society as a whole, suffer tangible and intangible losses. (Design/methodology/approach) This study analyzes the remarks of those who have overcome their secluded life and returned to society. It also explores how their experiences can contribute to the general public. In particular, the purpose of this study is to restore the individual's lost self-esteem and present a way to live independently as a full-fledged member of this society.
(Research implications or Originality) Researchers would like to propose the establishment of support centers around the country to support withdrawal. Experiences that contribute to society can be expected to increase one's self-esteem. It is expected that the state's administrative support for those who have lost their self-esteem will not only renew their awareness of the state, but also raise the level and phase of the country's.

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8기초자치단체 문화재단 조직 재설계에 관한 논의

저자 : 전영옥 ( Young-ok Chon )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 167-189 (23 pages)

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(Purpose) Organizations for business and research in the cultural field have an unstable organizational structure that relies on short-term employment. This study diagnoses the actual structural system of the cultural foundation organization of the basic local government, which has been accelerating its establishment since 2006, and looks at it from the perspective of organizational growth based on the demands of the basic local government's cultural foundation office and the current operating conditions.
(Design/methodology/approach) The scope of content and time was limited to the diagnosis and redesign required for the organizational redesign of the secretariat that has been maintained since the 2018 reorganization of the Wanju Cultural Foundation. For consideration of alternative organizational systems, H. Mintzberg's organizational growth path model is applied. For the diagnosis of the target organization of the case, the direction of organization redesign was suggested by utilizing the situational suitability evaluation, organizational efficiency evaluation, and job load analysis. Literature review, employee interview survey, benchmarking of similar organizations, and job load analysis by self-writing method were mainly used.
(Findings) According to the results of the interview survey applying H. Mintzberg's organizational growth path model, the tasks of the Cultural Foundation were derived as follows; First of all, it was found that it was necessary to prepare a communication system and coordinate work in the coordination mechanism sector. In the design parameter category, it was found that there is an urgent need to create an environment for job training and nurturing of professional manpower, and it is necessary to delegation of authority to the team leader due to unnecessary destruction and overall review of the evaluation system, and the revision of the Foundation's delegation regulations. It was found that it was necessary to significantly improve the working conditions of foundation employees due to the improvement of the personnel system. Regarding the situational factors, the Foundation should secure independence and autonomy by enhancing its external status as a specialized organization, secure stable financial resources, and increase manpower has emerged as an urgent task.
(Research implications or Originality) The results shown in the various analysis results of this study confirmed that the demand for new work in an unstable and unsystematic state of the actual cultural sector is pouring out. In this context, this study presented clarification of issues according to the demand for new work, rearrangement of different workers, and reorganization of work (draft). In addition, it suggested the division of work according to the organization redesign along with the proposal for the cultural foundation's manpower supplement. This can be said to be of significance as the first attempt to approach an academic subject in the organization and manpower management of the cultural foundation of a local government.

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9중소기업의 혁신지원정책에 대한 인식과 혁신 성공 경험이 정책만족도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김경아 ( Kyung-ah Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 191-214 (24 pages)

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(Purpose) This study examined the obstacles facing the innovation process, recognition of the need for support policies, and the innovation activities and capabilities of the firms, and the experience of innovation success as factors affecting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) satisfaction in the energy and related industrial technologies industries.
(Design/methodology/approach) The two dependent variables are satisfaction with transparency in the policy review process and overall satisfaction with policies to support innovation. The samples of the empirical analysis are 1,827 SMEs belonging to energy and related industrial technologies (smart energy industries), and this study used “Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Technology Survey” polling data for two years between 2018 and 2019 which is approved by the National Statistical Office.
(Finding) The results of the analysis are as follows. First, most of the independent variables affect both satisfaction with the overall innovation support policy and transparency of the deliberation process. Second, the policy demand for innovation support policies has a positive effect on the direct funding in the commercialization stage, tax support, and personnel support for elementary and intermediate technology development stages. The bigger the obstacles, such as difficulty in securing manpower, lack of funds, and lack of technical information, the higher the satisfaction about the support policy.
(Research implications or Originality) The main implication of this study is for the policymakers how they can review strategies to improve firm satisfaction with policies by encouraging and expanding the success experiences of small and medium-sized enterprises promoting innovation.

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10소셜 빅 데이터 분석을 통한 지방대학의 위기 분석과 그 극복 방안

저자 : 이상엽 ( Sang-yup Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 215-252 (38 pages)

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(Purpose) Recently, universities have called for a comprehensive and strategic overhaul of human resource development due to changes in the number of school-age population, entering an aging society, diversity in education demand due to population diversification, popularization of higher education, and non-face-to-face learning due to Covid-19. In particular, special measures are needed as the crisis at local universities is accelerating due to the disappearance of local areas and a sharp drop in the number of admissions population. To establish an effective and responsive university support policy, social changes and opinions which cannot be identified by simple analytical methods should be analyzed through the social big data. In this paper, I analyzed how university members and the general public are changing their perceptions of the crisis of local universities due to the decrease in local population over the past five years through social big data analysis.
(Design/methodology/approach) Data collection period is a total of 5 years from April 1st 2016 to March 31st 2021, and the data were collected yearly basis. Collection channels are blogs(Naver, Daum) and Facebook. Keywords were crisis of local universities, lack of recruitment, closure of universities, abolition of departments, enrollment quota, recruitment rate of freshmen, shortage of enrollment rate, etc.. Textom and UCINET6 / Netdraw tools were used. Keywords were identified through the analysis of occurrence frequency of yearly collected data, and yearly centrality were analyzed. Semantic network analysis was subsequently conducted. Total number of collected data was 97,491,
(Findings) According to an analysis of the annual topic terms, keywords such as "university", "enrollment recruitment", "not filled", "enrollment quota", "local university", "recruitment of students" and "new students" appeared frequently. As a result of checking the centrality value, keywords such as "university", "enrollment recruitment", "not filled", "enrollment quota", Other influential keywords included "grade", "local university", "new students", "recruitment", "admission", "student" and "local". The keyword's meaning network showed a high degree of connection between "university-local", "university-capital university", "university-local university", "university-enrollment recruitment", and "university-filling"
(Research implications or Originality) In the policy alternative section, the government's policies related to the adjustment of the admission quota of universities, measures at the local university level, departmental efforts, and measures to attract students to local and local universities were proposed.

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