논문 상세보기

이화사학연구소> 이화사학연구> 해외여선교회(WFMS)의 서울지역 의료사업 - 동대문 부인병원을 중심으로 -

KCI등재

해외여선교회(WFMS)의 서울지역 의료사업 - 동대문 부인병원을 중심으로 -

Medical Works of Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society (WFMS) in Seoul - Focusing on Dongdaemun Women’s Hospital -

김영수 ( Youngsoo Kim )
  • : 이화사학연구소
  • : 이화사학연구 62권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 06월
  • : 201-228(28pages)
이화사학연구

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 들어가는 말
Ⅱ. 동대문 부인병원이 되기까지
Ⅲ. 동대문 부인병원의 의료활동
Ⅳ. 나가는 말

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This research aims to illuminate the establishment of Dongdaemun Women’s Hospital (East Gate Hospital) in Seoul. This facility was one of the achievements of the Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society’s (WFMS) medical missionary work, and it became the leading women’s medical institution in modern Korea. This article discusses important dates and roles of the WFMS and Dongdaemun Women’s Hospital using information from the annual reports of the Korea Woman’s Conference (KWC). Specially, to clarify the process involved in the hospital’s establishment and its historical meaning in the progress of women’s medicine, this research examines the official establishment dates and activities of Dongdaemun Women’s Hospital, Baldwin Dispensary, and Lillian Harris Memorial Hospital, and the relationships among the three medical institutions. The results show that the establishment of Lillian Harris Memorial Hospital did not immediately terminate the Baldwin Dispensary, the preexisting institution; hence, this research argues that the latter was not simply integrated into the former. Furthermore, in analyzing the hospital’s recognizable practices in obstetrics and gynecological diseases and contemporaries’ acknowledgment of these activities, this study offers an explanation for why the additional word “women” was included in the official Korean name of the hospital.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 동양사
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1229-4683
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1966-2021
  • : 656


저작권 안내

한국학술정보㈜의 모든 학술 자료는 각 학회 및 기관과 저작권 계약을 통해 제공하고 있습니다.

이에 본 자료를 상업적 이용, 무단 배포 등 불법적으로 이용할 시에는 저작권법 및 관계법령에 따른 책임을 질 수 있습니다.

62권0호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
| | | |

KCI등재

110~11세기 중국(中國)과 한국(韓國)의 불탑(佛塔) 내 봉안 『보협인경(寶篋印經)』 재고

저자 : 이승혜 ( Lee Seunghye )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-42 (42 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Buddhism was a vehicle, which connected many states that thrived on the Chinese continent and the Korean peninsula in the tenth and eleventh centuries. A short text, entitled Sūtra of the Dhāraṇī of the Precious Casket Seal of the Concealed Complete-body Relics of the Essence of All Tathāgatas, provides us a window to look into the material and devotional culture of Buddhism developed into diverse forms across East Asian continent. It was transmitted from South Asia to China and translated into Chinese by the Indian monk Amoghavajra in the early eighth century. It was circulated and put into practice in Chang'an and in the region of Mount Wutai where Amoghvajra was active but it seems not to have been known in the Jiangnan region until the beginning of the tenth century. It gained wide popularity in the Jiangnan region only after the last king of Wuyue Kingdom reproduced it three times on a massive scale in the late tenth century. The printing project and dissemination of the xylograph copies spurred a widespread circulation of the text and renewed interest in the cult of textual relics across the Chinese continent and Korean peninsula beyond political borders in the tenth and eleventh centuries. This study re-examines historical implications of the Wuyue “re-discovery” of this text, while closely looking at material forms of this text from Wuyue, Northern Song, Koryŏ, and Khitan that constituted a multi-centered yet closely connected Buddhist cultural sphere in this time. For example, although the patron of the earliest Koryŏ edition of the sūtra dated it by using the Khitan reign name, the overall composition of the xylograph including the frontispiece points to the first Wuyue edition of the text as its prototype. This alone is enough to show the multivalence of cultural exchanges apart from the tributary system or official envoys.

KCI등재

2고려와 거란의 보살계 문화 - 보살팔계(菩薩八戒)를 중심으로 -

저자 : 박광연 ( Kwang Youn Park )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 43-74 (32 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

From the early Goryeo Dynasty, people offer received 'Eight precepts(八戒)' or memorized 八戒文 just before they died. There is no similar case in Silla. In the process of tracing the origins of the 'Eight precepts' culture, which began in the early Goryeo, I find that it had a lot to do with the '大乘八關齋戒儀', found in the wooden pagoda in Ying County of the Khitan, than other Buddhist scriptures or literature. This article explains the Bodhisattva precepts(菩薩戒) culture of Goryeo and Khitan by comparing the cases related to the eight precepts in cemetery name and collections of Goryeo and the Khitan '大乘八關齋戒儀' since the 11th century.
In the 21st century, there has been an active movement to understand the pluralistic international order, away from the attitude of understanding the international order and culture of East Asia centered on relations with China. In particular, it seems that the Buddhist culture of the early Goryeo period was greatly influenced by the Khitan, which maintained a tribute-referral relationship for quite a long time with Goryeo. However, due to the lack of data, it was difficult to show specific cases. This article is meaningful in that it explains the influence of the Buddhist culture of Goryeo and Khitan with specific examples of literature.

KCI등재

3고려-거란 밀교 교류의 양상과 특징 - 『범서총지집(梵書摠持集)』을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김수연 ( Sooyoun Kim )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 75-111 (37 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Goryeo had exchanges with Khitan across various areas including politics, economy, society, and culture. There were also abundant exchanges between them in Buddhist ideas and culture. This study set out to put away the influences of Liao in order on Goryeo's Esoteric Buddhism and Dharani Faith and thus investigate the nature of Goryeo's Esoteric Buddhism.
The biggest influence of Khitan on Goryeo's Buddhist community came from the acceptance of Khitan's complete collection of Buddhist sutras. The impacts of Liao Buddhism were also found in Uicheon[義天]'s Gyojang-chongrok[敎藏總錄], whose order of content reflects the perceptions of scriptures in Goryeo's Buddhist community represented by Uicheon. The location of the parts about Mahavairocana Tantra[大日經] in his book indicates that he considered it as one of the fundamental scriptures of Buddhist ideas. It seems that he was influenced by Khitan Buddhism that argued that Exoteric Buddhism and Esoteric Buddhism had something in common.
Beomseo-chongji-jip[梵書摠持集] published during Goryeo is one of the artifacts representing Goryeo's Dharani Faith. It is a collection of Dharani of hundreds of kinds, and there are seven versions of the collection or more today. In Beomseo-chongji-jip published in the fifth year of King Gojong[高宗]'s reign, the preface cites from works of Khitan's Buddhist monks such as Yanmi-chao[演密鈔] and Chengfo-xinyao-ji[成佛心要集]. Furthermore, it contains Dharani translated by Cixian[慈賢], a Khitan Buddhist monk in the 11th century. These findings confirm Goryeo's direct exchanges with Khitan in Dharani Faith. In addition, Beomseo-chongji-jip published in the fifth year of King Gojong's reign includes Dharanis reflecting the Buddhist prayer procedure in “Cundi Dharani” of Chengfo-xinyao-ji. This Buddhist prayer procedure is still used in Cheonsu-gyeong[千手經]. There is the context of transmission from Chengfo-xinyao-ji through Beomseo-chongji-jip to current Cheonsu-gyeong.
Dharanis about the seven Buddhas of the past, which were a huge vogue in Liao but left no traces of faith in Goryeo, were not found in any versions of Beomseo-chongji-jip. There was no trace of “Pajiok-jineon(om karadeya sbaha),” which became a vogue at the end of Goryeo. This materials offers clues to estimate when this Dharani was introduced. The Dharani of the Eight Bodhisattvas was not found in the versions of Beomseo-chongji-jip published in the 12th century, but the version published in the fifth year of King Gojong's reign contains it. These findings suggest that interest in the Eight Bodhisattvas was aroused from the late 12th century to the early 13th century that was between the two versions. These cases indicate that Goryeo accepted the Esoteric Buddhism and Dharani Faith trends of Khitan's Buddhist community selectively.

KCI등재

4'버려진 돌'에서 '모퉁이 돌'로 ― 한국의 박에스더(金點童, 1877~1910)와 중국의 캉청(康成, 1873~1930) 비교 ―

저자 : 공혜정 ( Kong Hyejung Grace )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 113-162 (50 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study conducts a comparative historical research on two pioneering female physicians in Korea and China who learned and practiced Western medicine in the United States at the birth of modern medicine and subsequently treated women and children in their native countries: Esther Kim Pak (金點童, 1877~1910) in Korea and Ida Kahn (康成, Kang Cheng, 1873~1930) in China. Pak and Kahn were assisted and supported in obtaining medical education in the United States by two American female missionaries serving for the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society (WFMS): Rosetta Sherwood Hall (1865~1951) in Korea and Gertrude Howe (1847~1928) in China. The existing scholarship on these two pioneering female physicians and their missionary guardians has not taken a comparative perspective. Thus, the individual lives of these physicians as well as their medical and religious efforts with the WFMS are investigated from a comparative perspective in this study. In doing so, this study shows that Western culture and Christianity introduced by the WFMS missionaries in Korea and China allowed both Pak and Kahn to become “New Women” by overcoming conventional social and cultural norms that have discouraged women from becoming doctors.
Both Hall and Howe came from religiously conservative but socially progressive families. Influenced by the Decaconess Movement and inspired by medical missionary work in India, they chose to pursue overseas mission work, that is, “Woman Work for Woman.” Right after Hall and Howe arrived in Korea and China respectively, they developed lifelong family-like relationships and Christian sisterhood with Pak and Kahn.
Similarly, both Pak and Kahn came from the lower class and were educated in Christian schools established and managed by American missionary women. As they changed their native names by anglicizing or choosing a baptismal name, they were also accustomed to Western culture and Christianity. With help and support of WFMS missionaries (primarily Hall and Howe), both studied medicine in the United States. While both Hall and Pak were widowed and lost their children, Howe and Kahn were single and adopted children from illness. After returning to their home countries as medical missionaries for the WFMS, Pak and Kahn practiced medicine for women and children. By investigating two pioneering female physicians in Korea and China, this study contributes to the history of medicine, women's history, and the history of Christianity in Korea and China.

KCI등재

5보구여관간호원양성소 간호원들의 근대 경험과 역량 증진

저자 : 이방원 ( Lee Bang-weon )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 163-199 (37 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper traces the growth of student nurses and graduate nurses at the Nurses' Training school of Po Ku Nyo Kwan, the first nurses' training school in Korea. Specifically, these nurses grew as professional women by participating in, and hosting curriculum, nursing, and other events in addition to forming organizations. This research focuses on identifying the meaning of these activities at the Nurses' Training School of Po Ku Nyo Kwan from the perspectives of both women and medical professionals. The research period was limited to about ten years from the establishment of the Nurses' Training School of Po Ku Nyo Kwan in 1903 to its relocation to Dongdaemun (the East Gate) in 1912.
Student nurses at the Nurses' Training school of Po Ku Nyo Kwan grew into experts in the unfamiliar field of “nursing” throughout the curriculum. In addition to nursing outpatients, inpatients, and out-call patients at Po Ku Nyo Kwan, students also served as visiting nurses at foreigners' and Koreans' homes and missionary hospitals across the country, including Severance Hospital. Student nurses at Po Ku Nyo Kwan actively participated in the social events, tours of Japanese hospitals, and year-end and New Year's events. They also cared for wounded soldiers during the disbandment of the Korean Armed Forces by Japan in 1907. After graduation, these nurses worked at Po Ku Nyo Kwan in Seoul, Koang Hyoe Nyo Won in Pyengyang, and the Seoul nursing home for foreigners as chief nurses or in nurses' training schools (including Po Ku Nyo Kwan) as teachers or superintendents. It is exceptional that Lee Grace served a nurse as well as a physician after obtaining her 'Uisaeng (醫生)' license on May 27, 1914.
Moreover, nurses at Po Ku Nyo Kwan organized the Severance Hospital Nurses' Association in June 1910 with students at the Nurses' Training School of Severance Hospital, who shared their experiences and perceptions through close interaction; the association conducted various activities to foster nurses' qualities and abilities. Subsequently, in June 1911, graduate nurses from the two nurses' training schools gathered to form the Severance Hospital Nurses' Alumnae Association.
Thus, nurses at the Nurses' Training School of Po Ku Nyo Kwan promoted their capabilities through “modern experiences” both on and off campus that were not able to ordinary women at the time. As such, they were at the center of treating women's health, both mental and physical, by performing their capabilities in the space where they were needed.

KCI등재

6해외여선교회(WFMS)의 서울지역 의료사업 - 동대문 부인병원을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김영수 ( Youngsoo Kim )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 201-228 (28 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This research aims to illuminate the establishment of Dongdaemun Women's Hospital (East Gate Hospital) in Seoul. This facility was one of the achievements of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society's (WFMS) medical missionary work, and it became the leading women's medical institution in modern Korea. This article discusses important dates and roles of the WFMS and Dongdaemun Women's Hospital using information from the annual reports of the Korea Woman's Conference (KWC). Specially, to clarify the process involved in the hospital's establishment and its historical meaning in the progress of women's medicine, this research examines the official establishment dates and activities of Dongdaemun Women's Hospital, Baldwin Dispensary, and Lillian Harris Memorial Hospital, and the relationships among the three medical institutions. The results show that the establishment of Lillian Harris Memorial Hospital did not immediately terminate the Baldwin Dispensary, the preexisting institution; hence, this research argues that the latter was not simply integrated into the former. Furthermore, in analyzing the hospital's recognizable practices in obstetrics and gynecological diseases and contemporaries' acknowledgment of these activities, this study offers an explanation for why the additional word “women” was included in the official Korean name of the hospital.

KCI등재

79세기 신라 왕경의 비로자나불상

저자 : 임영애 ( Lim Young-ae )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 229-263 (35 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Until now, little attention has been paid to the Vairocana Buddha Image, which would have been enshrined in Buddhist temples of the late Silla's capital. This is because most of the Vairocana Buddha Images with a clear date of production seem to be concentrated in the provinces not capital, and research has been conducted around them. Also, one of the reasons is that among the Vairocana Buddha Images in Buddhist temples of Silla's capital, the only notable statue is the gilt-bronze Virocana seated Buddha of Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju and that there was no other prominent statue. However, with due consideration on it, the number of the Vairocana Buddha Images enshrined in Buddhist temples of the late Silla's capital is not quite small. Currently, there are approximately 25 statues of Virocana Buddha, of which eight gilt-bronze Buddha statues and the rest are stone Buddha statues. It is mainly concentrated in the middle of the 9th century, especially in the mid and late of the 9th century, and it was considered to be related to King Aejang's ban on the creation of temples in 806 and the prohibition of King Heungdeok in 834. The prohibition in 834 might also have had to do with floods, heavy snow, and droughts that occurred almost every year until just before.
There were only 3-4 Buddhist temples newly built in the capital of Silla in the 9th century, and except for the Changrimsa temple, Buddhist temples were also small because individuals turned their houses into temples for charity. However, it did not mean that the Buddhist power of this period was shrunken, so more important Buddhist projects were carried out, and the ceremony was mainly held former royal family's Buddhist temples the of royal family. In particular, the largest number of Buddhist projects (佛事) took place around the time of king Gyeongmun's accession in 861. Gilt bronze Vairocana Buddha Images were prepared for the royal family's Buddhist temples such as Bulguksa temple, Yeongmyosa temple. A seated stone statue of Virocana Buddha was prepared and enshrined at Changrimsa temple and Bunhwangsa temple. From the facts, it can be concluded that mainly Vairocana Buddha Images were prepared and enshrined at temples capital in the mid and late 9th century. This study attempts to suggest the possibility the Virocana Buddaha Images were popular not only in the provinces but also in the capital in the 9th century.

KCI등재

8한국전쟁기 미군이 노획한 '북한노획문서'의 구성과 특징

저자 : 정병준 ( Jung Byung Joon )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 265-306 (42 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The Captured North Korean Documents is in the custody of Record Group 242, National Archives Collection of Foreign Records Seized, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The first batch of files which was declassified and open to the public in 1977 is known as so-called “The Old Captured Korean Documents” while in the early 1990s the second batch of files was released and known as “The New Captured Korean Documents” to the researchers.
The Captured North Korean Documents were captured in Korea peninsular during the Korean War. It was translated into English and cataloged by the Korean elites such as Oh Chon-suk, minister of education of the U. S. Military Government in Korea, and Chang Ri-wook, president of Seoul National University who studied in the U. S. The important documents of “The New Captured Korean Documents” were selectively chosen and translated in the Enemy Documents series of the Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS), the Military Intelligence Service, Far Eastern Command. The structure of “Captured North Korean Documents” is very complicated and it is required for researchers to read the finding aids and descriptions in the National Institute of Korean Studies and the National Library of Korea.

KCI등재

9명(明) 선덕(宣德)·정통연간(正統年間)의 세량(稅糧) 감면과 재정(財政) 상황

저자 : 서인범 ( In-beom Seo )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 307-358 (52 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Was one of the factors behind the implementation of the juanna system(捐納制) in the mid-Ming period was a financial shortage? I analyzed the measures for the tax reduction in the era of Xuande and Zhentong when disasters began to occur frequently to prove my hypothesis. I tried to show the proportion of tax reductions and exemptions in each region and how much it accounted for the total finance of Ming dynasty. Ultimately, I attempted to show the trend of the finance in Ming dynasty.
The targets of tax reductions were lands of government and civilians and lands cultivated by soldiers. Taxes on government-owned land were reduced by three-tenths approximately. Taxes on civilian-owned land and land for soldiers were reduced by two-tenths to five-tenths approximately. However, tax reductions were differed depending on the time, region, and size of the disaster.
In the total tax revenues from the north territories to the territories of Huanan(華南) and Xinan(西南), the reduction rate accounted for 20 to 30 percent in general. It is the reduction of the so-called “two-tenths to three-tenths” written in the Annals of the Ming Dynasty.
Also, it is true that there have been cases of reduction of five-tenths or more. In particular, the territory of Jiang Huai(江淮) was known as one of the most heavy taxes supported the finances of Ming dynasty. Approximately it accounted for 38% of the total budget. The disaster in the area immediately dealt a heavy blow to the finances of the Ming dynasty.
I analyzed how much the proportion of tax reductions accounted for Ming's finances. The tax reduction of seventh year of Xuande accounted for 8.8 percent of total tax revenue. The tax reduction of fifth year of Zhentong accounted for 11 percent of it.
In particular, a huge amount of money was appropriated for military forces to strengthen the Beijing defense system or the peripheral defense system. It was due to the affair in which the emperor was taken prisoner in the 14th year of Zhentong. Since the second half of the reign of Zhentong, financial pressure has intensified.

KCI등재

101930년대 양개도(楊開道)의 향촌건설방안과 '중국(中國) 향약제도(鄕約制度)' 연구

저자 : 최은진 ( Choi Eun Jin )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 359-391 (33 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

In this article I focus on the mechanism of action between the intellectuals and the modern knowledge imported from the West which is inherent in the study of Chinese township regulations, maintaining the same perspective as the previous studies suggesting that Yang Kai Dao's research on township regulations is a part of rural sociology research.
Yang Kai Dao argued the rural autonomy should be established to solve the plights in rural areas. While he contemplated the function of rural institutions through which rural autonomy could have been realized, His focus of research extended to the Chinese township regulations system. His study on the Chinese township regulations was to examine the rural autonomy in China historically from the perspective of rural governance. He analyzed the township regulations in terms of the modern organizational theory and pointed out civil administration over the bureaucracy as the essence. He highly appreciated the civilian character led by the intellectual elite of the Lushi township regulations, so it was inevitable that he criticized their corruption. By referring to the process in which Liang Shuming's rural construction movement was put into practice, he contemplated how to apply township regulations and insisted that organizations should be combined so as not to stay in theory. He believed that through education and the conscious efforts of the community it was possible to instill awareness of civil rights in farmers. He also believed that and rural leaders who play important roles in self-governing rural organizations should also have modern knowledge and a basic understanding on rural autonomy.
Throughout his research on township, I couldless that he thought the modern learning from the West was needed for rural autonomy. Thus, it was validated that the mechanism for spreading modern knowledge through the rural village construction movement was functioning in Yang Kai Dao's village construction plan.

12
권호별 보기
같은 권호 다른 논문
| | | | 다운로드

KCI등재

110~11세기 중국(中國)과 한국(韓國)의 불탑(佛塔) 내 봉안 『보협인경(寶篋印經)』 재고

저자 : 이승혜 ( Lee Seunghye )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-42 (42 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Buddhism was a vehicle, which connected many states that thrived on the Chinese continent and the Korean peninsula in the tenth and eleventh centuries. A short text, entitled Sūtra of the Dhāraṇī of the Precious Casket Seal of the Concealed Complete-body Relics of the Essence of All Tathāgatas, provides us a window to look into the material and devotional culture of Buddhism developed into diverse forms across East Asian continent. It was transmitted from South Asia to China and translated into Chinese by the Indian monk Amoghavajra in the early eighth century. It was circulated and put into practice in Chang'an and in the region of Mount Wutai where Amoghvajra was active but it seems not to have been known in the Jiangnan region until the beginning of the tenth century. It gained wide popularity in the Jiangnan region only after the last king of Wuyue Kingdom reproduced it three times on a massive scale in the late tenth century. The printing project and dissemination of the xylograph copies spurred a widespread circulation of the text and renewed interest in the cult of textual relics across the Chinese continent and Korean peninsula beyond political borders in the tenth and eleventh centuries. This study re-examines historical implications of the Wuyue “re-discovery” of this text, while closely looking at material forms of this text from Wuyue, Northern Song, Koryŏ, and Khitan that constituted a multi-centered yet closely connected Buddhist cultural sphere in this time. For example, although the patron of the earliest Koryŏ edition of the sūtra dated it by using the Khitan reign name, the overall composition of the xylograph including the frontispiece points to the first Wuyue edition of the text as its prototype. This alone is enough to show the multivalence of cultural exchanges apart from the tributary system or official envoys.

KCI등재

2고려와 거란의 보살계 문화 - 보살팔계(菩薩八戒)를 중심으로 -

저자 : 박광연 ( Kwang Youn Park )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 43-74 (32 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

From the early Goryeo Dynasty, people offer received 'Eight precepts(八戒)' or memorized 八戒文 just before they died. There is no similar case in Silla. In the process of tracing the origins of the 'Eight precepts' culture, which began in the early Goryeo, I find that it had a lot to do with the '大乘八關齋戒儀', found in the wooden pagoda in Ying County of the Khitan, than other Buddhist scriptures or literature. This article explains the Bodhisattva precepts(菩薩戒) culture of Goryeo and Khitan by comparing the cases related to the eight precepts in cemetery name and collections of Goryeo and the Khitan '大乘八關齋戒儀' since the 11th century.
In the 21st century, there has been an active movement to understand the pluralistic international order, away from the attitude of understanding the international order and culture of East Asia centered on relations with China. In particular, it seems that the Buddhist culture of the early Goryeo period was greatly influenced by the Khitan, which maintained a tribute-referral relationship for quite a long time with Goryeo. However, due to the lack of data, it was difficult to show specific cases. This article is meaningful in that it explains the influence of the Buddhist culture of Goryeo and Khitan with specific examples of literature.

KCI등재

3고려-거란 밀교 교류의 양상과 특징 - 『범서총지집(梵書摠持集)』을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김수연 ( Sooyoun Kim )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 75-111 (37 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Goryeo had exchanges with Khitan across various areas including politics, economy, society, and culture. There were also abundant exchanges between them in Buddhist ideas and culture. This study set out to put away the influences of Liao in order on Goryeo's Esoteric Buddhism and Dharani Faith and thus investigate the nature of Goryeo's Esoteric Buddhism.
The biggest influence of Khitan on Goryeo's Buddhist community came from the acceptance of Khitan's complete collection of Buddhist sutras. The impacts of Liao Buddhism were also found in Uicheon[義天]'s Gyojang-chongrok[敎藏總錄], whose order of content reflects the perceptions of scriptures in Goryeo's Buddhist community represented by Uicheon. The location of the parts about Mahavairocana Tantra[大日經] in his book indicates that he considered it as one of the fundamental scriptures of Buddhist ideas. It seems that he was influenced by Khitan Buddhism that argued that Exoteric Buddhism and Esoteric Buddhism had something in common.
Beomseo-chongji-jip[梵書摠持集] published during Goryeo is one of the artifacts representing Goryeo's Dharani Faith. It is a collection of Dharani of hundreds of kinds, and there are seven versions of the collection or more today. In Beomseo-chongji-jip published in the fifth year of King Gojong[高宗]'s reign, the preface cites from works of Khitan's Buddhist monks such as Yanmi-chao[演密鈔] and Chengfo-xinyao-ji[成佛心要集]. Furthermore, it contains Dharani translated by Cixian[慈賢], a Khitan Buddhist monk in the 11th century. These findings confirm Goryeo's direct exchanges with Khitan in Dharani Faith. In addition, Beomseo-chongji-jip published in the fifth year of King Gojong's reign includes Dharanis reflecting the Buddhist prayer procedure in “Cundi Dharani” of Chengfo-xinyao-ji. This Buddhist prayer procedure is still used in Cheonsu-gyeong[千手經]. There is the context of transmission from Chengfo-xinyao-ji through Beomseo-chongji-jip to current Cheonsu-gyeong.
Dharanis about the seven Buddhas of the past, which were a huge vogue in Liao but left no traces of faith in Goryeo, were not found in any versions of Beomseo-chongji-jip. There was no trace of “Pajiok-jineon(om karadeya sbaha),” which became a vogue at the end of Goryeo. This materials offers clues to estimate when this Dharani was introduced. The Dharani of the Eight Bodhisattvas was not found in the versions of Beomseo-chongji-jip published in the 12th century, but the version published in the fifth year of King Gojong's reign contains it. These findings suggest that interest in the Eight Bodhisattvas was aroused from the late 12th century to the early 13th century that was between the two versions. These cases indicate that Goryeo accepted the Esoteric Buddhism and Dharani Faith trends of Khitan's Buddhist community selectively.

KCI등재

4'버려진 돌'에서 '모퉁이 돌'로 ― 한국의 박에스더(金點童, 1877~1910)와 중국의 캉청(康成, 1873~1930) 비교 ―

저자 : 공혜정 ( Kong Hyejung Grace )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 113-162 (50 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study conducts a comparative historical research on two pioneering female physicians in Korea and China who learned and practiced Western medicine in the United States at the birth of modern medicine and subsequently treated women and children in their native countries: Esther Kim Pak (金點童, 1877~1910) in Korea and Ida Kahn (康成, Kang Cheng, 1873~1930) in China. Pak and Kahn were assisted and supported in obtaining medical education in the United States by two American female missionaries serving for the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society (WFMS): Rosetta Sherwood Hall (1865~1951) in Korea and Gertrude Howe (1847~1928) in China. The existing scholarship on these two pioneering female physicians and their missionary guardians has not taken a comparative perspective. Thus, the individual lives of these physicians as well as their medical and religious efforts with the WFMS are investigated from a comparative perspective in this study. In doing so, this study shows that Western culture and Christianity introduced by the WFMS missionaries in Korea and China allowed both Pak and Kahn to become “New Women” by overcoming conventional social and cultural norms that have discouraged women from becoming doctors.
Both Hall and Howe came from religiously conservative but socially progressive families. Influenced by the Decaconess Movement and inspired by medical missionary work in India, they chose to pursue overseas mission work, that is, “Woman Work for Woman.” Right after Hall and Howe arrived in Korea and China respectively, they developed lifelong family-like relationships and Christian sisterhood with Pak and Kahn.
Similarly, both Pak and Kahn came from the lower class and were educated in Christian schools established and managed by American missionary women. As they changed their native names by anglicizing or choosing a baptismal name, they were also accustomed to Western culture and Christianity. With help and support of WFMS missionaries (primarily Hall and Howe), both studied medicine in the United States. While both Hall and Pak were widowed and lost their children, Howe and Kahn were single and adopted children from illness. After returning to their home countries as medical missionaries for the WFMS, Pak and Kahn practiced medicine for women and children. By investigating two pioneering female physicians in Korea and China, this study contributes to the history of medicine, women's history, and the history of Christianity in Korea and China.

KCI등재

5보구여관간호원양성소 간호원들의 근대 경험과 역량 증진

저자 : 이방원 ( Lee Bang-weon )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 163-199 (37 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper traces the growth of student nurses and graduate nurses at the Nurses' Training school of Po Ku Nyo Kwan, the first nurses' training school in Korea. Specifically, these nurses grew as professional women by participating in, and hosting curriculum, nursing, and other events in addition to forming organizations. This research focuses on identifying the meaning of these activities at the Nurses' Training School of Po Ku Nyo Kwan from the perspectives of both women and medical professionals. The research period was limited to about ten years from the establishment of the Nurses' Training School of Po Ku Nyo Kwan in 1903 to its relocation to Dongdaemun (the East Gate) in 1912.
Student nurses at the Nurses' Training school of Po Ku Nyo Kwan grew into experts in the unfamiliar field of “nursing” throughout the curriculum. In addition to nursing outpatients, inpatients, and out-call patients at Po Ku Nyo Kwan, students also served as visiting nurses at foreigners' and Koreans' homes and missionary hospitals across the country, including Severance Hospital. Student nurses at Po Ku Nyo Kwan actively participated in the social events, tours of Japanese hospitals, and year-end and New Year's events. They also cared for wounded soldiers during the disbandment of the Korean Armed Forces by Japan in 1907. After graduation, these nurses worked at Po Ku Nyo Kwan in Seoul, Koang Hyoe Nyo Won in Pyengyang, and the Seoul nursing home for foreigners as chief nurses or in nurses' training schools (including Po Ku Nyo Kwan) as teachers or superintendents. It is exceptional that Lee Grace served a nurse as well as a physician after obtaining her 'Uisaeng (醫生)' license on May 27, 1914.
Moreover, nurses at Po Ku Nyo Kwan organized the Severance Hospital Nurses' Association in June 1910 with students at the Nurses' Training School of Severance Hospital, who shared their experiences and perceptions through close interaction; the association conducted various activities to foster nurses' qualities and abilities. Subsequently, in June 1911, graduate nurses from the two nurses' training schools gathered to form the Severance Hospital Nurses' Alumnae Association.
Thus, nurses at the Nurses' Training School of Po Ku Nyo Kwan promoted their capabilities through “modern experiences” both on and off campus that were not able to ordinary women at the time. As such, they were at the center of treating women's health, both mental and physical, by performing their capabilities in the space where they were needed.

KCI등재

6해외여선교회(WFMS)의 서울지역 의료사업 - 동대문 부인병원을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김영수 ( Youngsoo Kim )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 201-228 (28 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This research aims to illuminate the establishment of Dongdaemun Women's Hospital (East Gate Hospital) in Seoul. This facility was one of the achievements of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society's (WFMS) medical missionary work, and it became the leading women's medical institution in modern Korea. This article discusses important dates and roles of the WFMS and Dongdaemun Women's Hospital using information from the annual reports of the Korea Woman's Conference (KWC). Specially, to clarify the process involved in the hospital's establishment and its historical meaning in the progress of women's medicine, this research examines the official establishment dates and activities of Dongdaemun Women's Hospital, Baldwin Dispensary, and Lillian Harris Memorial Hospital, and the relationships among the three medical institutions. The results show that the establishment of Lillian Harris Memorial Hospital did not immediately terminate the Baldwin Dispensary, the preexisting institution; hence, this research argues that the latter was not simply integrated into the former. Furthermore, in analyzing the hospital's recognizable practices in obstetrics and gynecological diseases and contemporaries' acknowledgment of these activities, this study offers an explanation for why the additional word “women” was included in the official Korean name of the hospital.

KCI등재

79세기 신라 왕경의 비로자나불상

저자 : 임영애 ( Lim Young-ae )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 229-263 (35 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Until now, little attention has been paid to the Vairocana Buddha Image, which would have been enshrined in Buddhist temples of the late Silla's capital. This is because most of the Vairocana Buddha Images with a clear date of production seem to be concentrated in the provinces not capital, and research has been conducted around them. Also, one of the reasons is that among the Vairocana Buddha Images in Buddhist temples of Silla's capital, the only notable statue is the gilt-bronze Virocana seated Buddha of Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju and that there was no other prominent statue. However, with due consideration on it, the number of the Vairocana Buddha Images enshrined in Buddhist temples of the late Silla's capital is not quite small. Currently, there are approximately 25 statues of Virocana Buddha, of which eight gilt-bronze Buddha statues and the rest are stone Buddha statues. It is mainly concentrated in the middle of the 9th century, especially in the mid and late of the 9th century, and it was considered to be related to King Aejang's ban on the creation of temples in 806 and the prohibition of King Heungdeok in 834. The prohibition in 834 might also have had to do with floods, heavy snow, and droughts that occurred almost every year until just before.
There were only 3-4 Buddhist temples newly built in the capital of Silla in the 9th century, and except for the Changrimsa temple, Buddhist temples were also small because individuals turned their houses into temples for charity. However, it did not mean that the Buddhist power of this period was shrunken, so more important Buddhist projects were carried out, and the ceremony was mainly held former royal family's Buddhist temples the of royal family. In particular, the largest number of Buddhist projects (佛事) took place around the time of king Gyeongmun's accession in 861. Gilt bronze Vairocana Buddha Images were prepared for the royal family's Buddhist temples such as Bulguksa temple, Yeongmyosa temple. A seated stone statue of Virocana Buddha was prepared and enshrined at Changrimsa temple and Bunhwangsa temple. From the facts, it can be concluded that mainly Vairocana Buddha Images were prepared and enshrined at temples capital in the mid and late 9th century. This study attempts to suggest the possibility the Virocana Buddaha Images were popular not only in the provinces but also in the capital in the 9th century.

KCI등재

8한국전쟁기 미군이 노획한 '북한노획문서'의 구성과 특징

저자 : 정병준 ( Jung Byung Joon )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 265-306 (42 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The Captured North Korean Documents is in the custody of Record Group 242, National Archives Collection of Foreign Records Seized, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). The first batch of files which was declassified and open to the public in 1977 is known as so-called “The Old Captured Korean Documents” while in the early 1990s the second batch of files was released and known as “The New Captured Korean Documents” to the researchers.
The Captured North Korean Documents were captured in Korea peninsular during the Korean War. It was translated into English and cataloged by the Korean elites such as Oh Chon-suk, minister of education of the U. S. Military Government in Korea, and Chang Ri-wook, president of Seoul National University who studied in the U. S. The important documents of “The New Captured Korean Documents” were selectively chosen and translated in the Enemy Documents series of the Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS), the Military Intelligence Service, Far Eastern Command. The structure of “Captured North Korean Documents” is very complicated and it is required for researchers to read the finding aids and descriptions in the National Institute of Korean Studies and the National Library of Korea.

KCI등재

9명(明) 선덕(宣德)·정통연간(正統年間)의 세량(稅糧) 감면과 재정(財政) 상황

저자 : 서인범 ( In-beom Seo )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 307-358 (52 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Was one of the factors behind the implementation of the juanna system(捐納制) in the mid-Ming period was a financial shortage? I analyzed the measures for the tax reduction in the era of Xuande and Zhentong when disasters began to occur frequently to prove my hypothesis. I tried to show the proportion of tax reductions and exemptions in each region and how much it accounted for the total finance of Ming dynasty. Ultimately, I attempted to show the trend of the finance in Ming dynasty.
The targets of tax reductions were lands of government and civilians and lands cultivated by soldiers. Taxes on government-owned land were reduced by three-tenths approximately. Taxes on civilian-owned land and land for soldiers were reduced by two-tenths to five-tenths approximately. However, tax reductions were differed depending on the time, region, and size of the disaster.
In the total tax revenues from the north territories to the territories of Huanan(華南) and Xinan(西南), the reduction rate accounted for 20 to 30 percent in general. It is the reduction of the so-called “two-tenths to three-tenths” written in the Annals of the Ming Dynasty.
Also, it is true that there have been cases of reduction of five-tenths or more. In particular, the territory of Jiang Huai(江淮) was known as one of the most heavy taxes supported the finances of Ming dynasty. Approximately it accounted for 38% of the total budget. The disaster in the area immediately dealt a heavy blow to the finances of the Ming dynasty.
I analyzed how much the proportion of tax reductions accounted for Ming's finances. The tax reduction of seventh year of Xuande accounted for 8.8 percent of total tax revenue. The tax reduction of fifth year of Zhentong accounted for 11 percent of it.
In particular, a huge amount of money was appropriated for military forces to strengthen the Beijing defense system or the peripheral defense system. It was due to the affair in which the emperor was taken prisoner in the 14th year of Zhentong. Since the second half of the reign of Zhentong, financial pressure has intensified.

KCI등재

101930년대 양개도(楊開道)의 향촌건설방안과 '중국(中國) 향약제도(鄕約制度)' 연구

저자 : 최은진 ( Choi Eun Jin )

발행기관 : 이화사학연구소 간행물 : 이화사학연구 62권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 359-391 (33 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

In this article I focus on the mechanism of action between the intellectuals and the modern knowledge imported from the West which is inherent in the study of Chinese township regulations, maintaining the same perspective as the previous studies suggesting that Yang Kai Dao's research on township regulations is a part of rural sociology research.
Yang Kai Dao argued the rural autonomy should be established to solve the plights in rural areas. While he contemplated the function of rural institutions through which rural autonomy could have been realized, His focus of research extended to the Chinese township regulations system. His study on the Chinese township regulations was to examine the rural autonomy in China historically from the perspective of rural governance. He analyzed the township regulations in terms of the modern organizational theory and pointed out civil administration over the bureaucracy as the essence. He highly appreciated the civilian character led by the intellectual elite of the Lushi township regulations, so it was inevitable that he criticized their corruption. By referring to the process in which Liang Shuming's rural construction movement was put into practice, he contemplated how to apply township regulations and insisted that organizations should be combined so as not to stay in theory. He believed that through education and the conscious efforts of the community it was possible to instill awareness of civil rights in farmers. He also believed that and rural leaders who play important roles in self-governing rural organizations should also have modern knowledge and a basic understanding on rural autonomy.
Throughout his research on township, I couldless that he thought the modern learning from the West was needed for rural autonomy. Thus, it was validated that the mechanism for spreading modern knowledge through the rural village construction movement was functioning in Yang Kai Dao's village construction plan.

12
주제별 간행물
간행물명 최신권호

KCI등재

중국연구
88권 0호

KCI등재

사총
104권 0호

KCI등재

중국학논총
73권 0호

KCI등재

동아연구
81권 0호

KCI등재

대구사학
144권 0호

KCI등재

선사와 고대
66권 0호

KCI등재

동양예술
52권 0호

KCI등재

일본학
54권 0호

KCI등재

중국사연구
133권 0호

KCI등재

고문서연구
59권 0호

KCI등재

몽골학
66권 0호

KCI등재

동아시아문화연구
86권 0호

KCI등재

사림(성대사림)
77권 0호

KCI등재

석당논총
80권 0호

KCI등재

동양학
84권 0호

KCI등재

동양문화연구
34권 0호

KCI등재

이화사학연구
62권 0호

KCI등재

동국사학
70권 0호

KCI등재

동양예술
51권 0호

KCI등재

중국연구
87권 0호
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기