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한국외국어대학교 중동연구소> 중동연구> 테헤란(Tehran)의 코로나19 방역에 대한 대응과 그림자

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테헤란(Tehran)의 코로나19 방역에 대한 대응과 그림자

Tehran’s Response and Shadows in Controlling COVID-19

구기연 ( Gi Yeon Koo )
  • : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소
  • : 중동연구 40권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 06월
  • : 59-88(30pages)
중동연구

DOI


목차

Ⅰ 서론
Ⅱ. 테헤란의 코로나19 진행 상황과 확산 배경
Ⅲ. 테헤란 코로나19 방역 시스템과 대응
Ⅳ. 이란의 백신 논쟁과 접종 현황
Ⅴ. 결론

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This study analyzes the progress of COVID-19, trend of patient outbreaks, and the COVID-19 control system of Tehran, the capital of Iran and a global metropolis. Especially, this study examines the disease control system that seeks to battle COVID-19 in national and city scales as well as the promotion materials for disease control and their social significance. Also, it surveys Iran’s situation in vaccine development and vaccination, and examines Iran’s vaccination response through the controversies in Iran around vaccines. The study looks into Tehran’s situation where Iran’s COVID-19 curve was drawn, and discusses the social and political causes that led to Iran’s initial failure in response and later fallback in failing to control the spread of the disease. This study delves into Tehran’s disease control system to examine the vulnerability in the response to COVID-19 in the global metropolis which is the political and administrative center of Iran. This study has the significance as an analysis of Tehran’s and Iran’s situation and progress in the COVID-19 pandemic as well as a comparative study of examining the trends and responses to COVID-19 in global cities.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-900-000651811

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 인문지리
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1225-570x
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1981-2022
  • : 708


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발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 31-51 (21 pages)

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A majority of scholars tend to view the successful expansion of Hezbollah's influence in Lebanon as three variables: Iran's support, military capabilities, and the ideological role of Islamism. However, in addition to these variables, this study hypothesizes that Hezbollah's capacity as a social welfare provider, has played a significant role in maintaining and strengthening its influence in the Lebanese politics. In order to test the above hypothesis, this study conducts data mining research to find specific rules or patterns of Al Jazeera English newspaper articles which are collected with the search word, 'Hezbollah.' R-based data mining package Quanteda is used for data mining analysis. In particular, major keywords related to Hezbollah and the relevance of them are explained through co-occurance and topic analyses.

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3Analysis of South Korea's Middle East Policy: Focus on Criticism of Resource-Oriented Diplomacy

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발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 53-84 (32 pages)

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This study conducts an analysis of South Korea's Middle East policy. These foreign policies have been pro-Arab, based on market- and (oil) resource-oriented diplomacy. More specifically, the Park Chung-hee administration's policies in the 1970s became the basis of South Korea's current Middle East policies. However, as a result of the aforementioned mechanical market- and resource-oriented diplomacy, these policies have been unable to properly adapt to the rapidly changing current situation in the region. In this regard, South Korea's Middle East diplomacy requires long-term strategies based on mutual trust, while moving from the simple level of pursuing economic benefits.

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4걸프 주요국의 에너지전환과 재생에너지 부문 분석

저자 : 김태환 ( Taehwan Kim ) , 신상윤 ( Sang Yoon Shin )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 85-108 (24 pages)

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The corona pandemic, as well as the shale revolution and responses to climate change, are shaking the global energy landscape. Nevertheless, energy transitions seem to emerge as a cornerstone of energy policy in most countries. Gulf countries, which occupy crucial positions in the energy landscape, are also joining this wave of energy transitions. Focusing on the three major Gulf countries, which are Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Qatar, this study shows their energy industries' current status and energy transitions. Also, the study analyzes the competitiveness of each country's renewable energy sector.
The UAE presents outstanding competitiveness in the renewable energy sector. Saudi Arabia also seems to make considerable efforts for energy transitions and renewable energy deployment expansion. Both countries will provide Korea with a number of opportunities for cooperation in energy transition and renewable energy such as solar and hydrogen. Meanwhile, Qatar does not appear to have a firm intention to transform itself from its natural gas-oriented economic structure, and the results drew a lower level of competitiveness in its renewable energy sector than the two neighbors. Thus, Korea will need to keep focusing on natural gas infrastructure projects, including shipbuilding, as well as LNG import.

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5이스라엘/아랍국가들 평화협정: 팔레스타인인들의 주권 박탈

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발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 109-140 (32 pages)

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The peace process between Israel/Arab countries and Palestinians, which began in the late 1970s, is not designed to achieve regional peace. The U.S.-led peace process was a continuous process of recognizing the Israeli control of the war-torn Palestinian land in 1967. Israel is implementing the racist policies that formalize the control of Palestinian land with the signing of a series of peace treaties but deprive Palestinian rights to the land.
For more than 40 years from September 1978 to September 2020, peace treaties were signed between Israel and Arab countries. These treaties are about the territorial sovereignty and the trade issues between Israel and Arab countries, but the Palestinian sovereignty issue is not specified. In fact, these treaties clearly demonstrate rejectionism of Palestinians living on the land, granting Israeli rights to the land. The basic structure of these treaties was created in the 1978 treaty and has been maintained to date in 2020.
This paper explores its core objectives and their impact on Palestinians as analyzing the Israeli/Arab peace treaties from the late 1970s to 2020.

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6주 독일 터키 이주민 3, 4세대의 정체성과 문화변용: 소셜미디어 이용과 상호작용을 중심으로

저자 : 박수현 ( Park Soo-hyun ) , 오종진 ( Oh Chong-jin ) , 채영길 ( Chae Young-gil )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 141-170 (30 pages)

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This study is an exploratory study on how the identity of the 3rd and 4th generations of Turkey in Germany affects cultural adaptation of the country of residence. The researcher assumes that it is essential to understand characteristic aspects of the communicative interaction with the country of residence between their identity and cultural adaptation. In order to prove the assumption and fuifill the research purposes, we gathered survey data and used statistical analytic methods. Through the analysis, we found that first, the higher the religious identity, the more difficult it is to adapt to German society. One of the main reasons was the low interactive uses of social media with German society, Second, It was also found that there are distinct differences in religious identity and interaction on social media in dependence on the type of cultural adaptation. In other words, the religious identity is the powerful factor affecting the degree of cultural adaptation in the country of residence for the immigrant groups. In particular, the least adaptive group is the most religious while the Turkey community members who used social media actively tend to be most culturally adaptive as well as integrated groups. Third, in addition to religious identity and communicative interaction on the German social media, social and economic identities such as gender, age, economic, the number of visit to Turkey, and Turkish ability also affected the degree of cultural adaptation. In other words, the findings suggest that it might be difficult to adapt to German society for those who are younger female students with higher number of visits to Turkey.

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7페르시아 문자 he(ه)의 음가에 대한 언어학적 고찰

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발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 171-186 (16 pages)

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In this paper we tried to suggest an efficient and effective way for learning Persian letters and phonemes by reviewing the description of the letter he(ه), which is the representative example that does not show one-to-one correspondence with its phonemes. In the various textbooks reviewed, the explanation of the phonetic value for he(ه) merely describes a superficial phenomenon and the explanation varies textbook by textbook.
This paper proved that he(ه) in Persian is a consonant where ever it is located and that the phonetic value /h/ of the consonant can be deleted in a specific environment, by taking /h/ deletion phenomenon which is a cross-linguistic phenomenon and several other linguistic evidences. The suggested environment is that the he(ه) at the word-end position after the preceding /e/ sound. The environment presented is not an absolute phonological rule, and although some exceptions exist, this rule is the most optimal one. Providing one rule derived from a lot of data and a small number of exceptions could be used as an optimal way to help adult learners to learn Persian letters and their phonemes.

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발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 187-213 (27 pages)

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10고전 페르시아 문학에 비친 동성애적 표현 연구

저자 : 신양섭 ( Shin Yang-sup )

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In Iran, despite the strict prohibition of Islamic law, homosexuality has historically been prevalent, sometimes overtly. It is difficult to know when homosexuality began to appear in Iran. It is possible to speculate that homosexuality must have existed from an early age due to human sexual nature and social environment. However, there are very few records of homosexuality in pre-Islamic literary sources. Ironically, since the Islamic era, when homosexuality was a felony, homosexual expressions appeared abundantly in classical Persian poetry.
The Quran strictly warns against homosexuality and the Islamic law also severely has punished homosexuals. Nevertheless, from around the 10th century, the practice of homosexuality seems to have spread widely in Iranian society and homosexuality has become an object of overt expression in Persian poetry. In particular, most of poets' lovers in ghazal were men. Some scholars regard this as a metaphor based on Sufism and claim that the object of love is God.

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3테헤란(Tehran)의 코로나19 방역에 대한 대응과 그림자

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5아랍어의 한글 표기에 관한 연구

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This paper is about a research on how to write Arabic in Korean. There is no regular rule of writing Arabic in Korean and causing inconsistency of Arabic written in Korean in books and media. However, in 2018, the National Institute of the Korean Language proposed an amendment of Arabic in Korean Notation on the recommendations of the Korean Association of the Arabic and Arabic Literature.
Books and Media issued by Korea have inconsistency in Arabic vocabulary since they have their own ways of Transcription or they follow the way in English notation.
For example, Burj Dubai is called '버즈 두바이' or '부르즈 두바이', and since the writing methods were mixed, an accurate Korean notation for Arabic is highlighted.
This research examines frequently used Arabic words in books and media written in Korean, and correct notation method if there is an error.
In this study, since Arabic has different pronunciations or individual differences by region, the transliteration method is based on written forms rather than spoken forms. Above all, it is easy to rewrite Korean writing in Arabic since the writing is always stays the same and it can be expressed in correct notation.
However, some Arabic vocabulary or proper nouns that have been used for a long time, especially if the second word among those two words starts with a definite article, it is standard to be presented two words as a single word.

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6دراسة حديثة للفكرة اللسانية لدى ابن خلدون

저자 : تشويجينيونغ ( Choi Jin Young )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 169-187 (19 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to make a modern approach to Ibn Khaldūn's linguistic thought, especially to reinterpret the conception of al-malakah al-lisānīyah (the linguistic aptitude) which takes the most important position in Ibn Khaldūn's study of language. In an obvious sense, the ultimate goal is a re-interpretation of almalakah al-lisānīyah from a modern linguistic point of view. This approach leads us to recognize the continuance of the method of linguistic study by comparing between Ibn Khaldūn's views of language which were totally developed to his age and some modern linguists' theories, especially the generative transformational theory.
In order to accomplish the aim, this paper will, in the second chapter, deal with Ibn Khaldūn's definition of language and compare it with some modern linguists' definition. In the third chapter, the definition of al-malakah al-lisānīyah will be made with the prescription of its conditions and preconditions. Likewise, the comparison between al-malakah al-lisānīyah and linguistic competence by Chomsky will be made to prove the theoretical relations between them through the language acquisition. This will give us a clear answer to the question we might ask “Why compare al-malakah al-lisānīyah with Chomsky's work rather than alternative models such as those developed by Brame, Bresnan, Gazdar and others?”
In the last part, this paper will present the method of Ibn Khaldūn's linguistic study - the descriptive and explanatory method, stressing the necessity of recognizing that his linguistic method was influenced by the historical method.

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7الحروف المعقودة بين الرسم الإم .ئي وأصوات

저자 : غازيخضرعليالزناهرة ( Ghazi Alzanahreh )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 189-215 (27 pages)

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This research aims to discuss a phonological issue of spelling, known as dialectical and foreign letters. This issue arose from the presence of Arabic words that contain unparalleled sounds in classical Arabic, and the size of this problem was increased by the Arabicized words that were borrowed from foreign languages that contain foreign letters. When the scribes and writers wanted to write it, they did not find a match for it in the Arabic alphabet, so they tried to solve the problem by describing the letter and phonetically describing it at times, and by writing it with the closest letters as a way out to it another time, or with two solutions together at a third time. But these solutions did not fulfill the purpose and did not solve the problem, because these letters were known only by listening and oral tradition, so the problem remained in Arabic and another problem arose out of it, which is the multiplicity of the written form of words that contain unparalleled letters in classical Arabic, whether these words are of Arabic origin or Arabicized.

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8이주작가 라피끄 샤미, 경계에서 글쓰기

저자 : 김정아 ( Kim Jeong A )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 217-242 (26 pages)

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This study illuminates the pursuit of identity of migrant artists through the work of the Syrian-German author, storyteller, and critic Rafik Schami and his publications “A Handful of Starlight” and “1001 Lies”. Schami who was raised in a Christian family in Syria, moved to Germany in 1971 and has since been recreating his home in Syria through numerous novels, stories and fairy tales. Schami is a migrant writer who pursues his identity by writing at the border. He reveals boundaries in the differences between his home country(Syria) and his second country(Germany), differences between Arab and European cultures, differences between Arabic and German, and the differences between the past and the present. Schami embodies these differences and attempts to transform the boundaries where the differences are located into new starting points. Hence he introduces Arabic culture to the natives of his host country in their language and persuades that multiculturalism and coexistence are the keys to globalization. In particular he has been actively participating in political action since 2010's "Arab Spring" and emphasizes the correspondence between literature and reality as well as presenting his views as a writer.

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9소설과 연극의 경계 허물기 -소설 『눈』에 나타난 연극적 요소를 중심으로-

저자 : 이난아 ( Lee Nan-a )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 40권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 243-267 (25 pages)

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In the postmodern era, the dismantling of genres and breaking down boundaries between genres are steadily expanding in order to meet the expectations of art lovers. In the case of literature, especially in the field of novels, various attempts are being made to break down the genre limit and approach the perspective of the world with a new attitude through combination with other genres.
In novels such as 『My Name is Red』 and 『The Museum of Innocence』, Orhan Pamuk became a world-class author by blending postmodernist elements with the unique Turkish literary style in terms of writing, influenced by Western literary theorists and competent writers. In order to highlight the conflict between people with different ideologies in Kars, the novel Snow deal with in this paper, an attempt is made to achieve a dramatic effect by introducing a genre called 'Play'.
The advantage of a play compared to a novel is the liveliness that unfolds on the stage in front of you. By adding a theatrical element in the Pumuk novel, it can be said that the visual effect was added to the imagination given by the text. Above all, it should be noted that the city of Kars, the background of the Pamuk novel, was set to be cut off from the outside due to heavy snow for three days. This is similar to the nature of a play unfolding with a time limit.
On the other hand, it is noteworthy that the person who caused the coup, which is an important event in the novel, is set as a theater man named Sunay Zaim. The setting where he begins the coup is also the stage, and the setting that the place where the person who caused the coup dies is also on the stage leaves a strong impression on the readers. In addition, the appearance of repetitive blackouts that correspond to the dark battles of plays in novels, narrations centered on the lines of characters, and sentences such as prints from plays are emerging as examples of crossovers between novels and plays.
In addition, the plays < My Motherland or My Headscarf > and < Tragedy of Kars >, which are plays performed in the novel, are not only put on the stage in the novel, but also the theatrical elements are placed in the middle of the novel to naturally break the boundaries between the two genres. It is effective and also serves to show the overall theme and conflict of the novel.
The attempted by the writer to introduce theatrical elements into major scenes and events, breaking the boundary between novel and play, or crossover, can be regarded as a combination of the dramatic tension of the play and empathy with the detailed description and description, which are the virtues of the novel. There is ample room to interpret this as an attempt to explore and pursue the direction of modern literature through the experiment of a new narrative structure of genre decomposition and integration.

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