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한국생애학회> 생애학회지> 코로나19 상황하 저소득 독거노인의 생활경험 연구

KCI등재

코로나19 상황하 저소득 독거노인의 생활경험 연구

A Study on the Life Experiences of Low-Income Elderly Living Alone Under the situation of Pandemic COVID-19 disease

박정란 ( Park Jungran ) , 황세인 ( Hwang Sein )
  • : 한국생애학회
  • : 생애학회지 11권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 06월
  • : 101-118(18pages)
생애학회지

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서 론
Ⅱ. 문헌고찰
Ⅲ. 연구방법
Ⅳ. 연구결과
Ⅴ. 결론 및 제언
참 고 문 헌

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This study conducted an in-depth investigation of the life experiences of low-income elderly living alone during the COVID-19 pandemic using qualitative case studies. The participants of this study were six low-income individuals aged over 75 years old, who lived alone. In addition, four employees of social welfare institutions whom the participants frequently encountered were included in the study. The data collected from interviews were analyzed using NVivo12. This study examined participants’ experiences of living alone during the pandemic by analyzing their statements. For instance, some of them said, “We are worried that we might be transmitted with COVID-19, so we cannot even step outside. Staying home all day long causes us to feel suffocating. Most of all, it is becoming more and more difficult to make a living. We are still alive because the welfare center official comes and checks us and the local government provides us with rice. We miss the days when we were able to work and when we had meals at the welfare center, but what can we do other than getting used to this life?” Based on the findings, this study suggests implications for the declining living standards among the elderly due to restrictions and closures imposed on social welfare centers because of COVID-19. In addition, implications are provided for improving health services for the elderly, developing a system for emergency management, providing financial support and additional expenditure, securing a safe working environment for field workers and providing reliable means of transportation.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 사회복지
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 2234-0904
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2011-2021
  • : 154


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발행기관 : 한국생애학회 간행물 : 생애학회지 11권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-21 (21 pages)

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The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of Mandala art activities through exploring materials on social-emotional competence and problem behavior of 2-year old infants. The subjects of this study were 26 infants who attended a child care in Gyeong-Gi province. A planned Mandala art program through exploring materials was conducted in the experimental group twice a week for a total of 16 sessions. For the control group, the ordinary program based on the standard child care process was implemented. For the data analysis, the SPSS 23.0 statistical program was used and a paired t-test was performed for the pre- and post-test of the experimental and comparative groups. The major results of the study are as follows. First, there was a significant difference in measuring of infants' social-emotional competence after conducting the Mandala art activities through exploring materials. Looking at each sub-factor, it had positive effects on both social-emotionality and social relationship. Second, there was a significant difference in measuring of infants' problem behavior after carrying out the activities. Looking at each sub-factor, it had a positive effect on external problem behavior, excluding internal problem behavior. Based on the results, it is emphasized to carry out Mandala art activities through variety of materials to develop social-emotional and behavior of young children.

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2초등학교 저학년 자녀를 둔 취업모의 해결중심사고와 사회적지지가 양육스트레스에 미치는 영향

저자 : 유정민 ( Jeong Min You ) , 어주경 ( Joo Kyeong Eo )

발행기관 : 한국생애학회 간행물 : 생애학회지 11권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 23-39 (17 pages)

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The purpose of the study was to identify how solution-focused thinking and social support affect parenting stress in full-time versus part-time working mothers with children in early elementary school. The study included 90 part-time working mothers and 125 full-time working mothers, who were married and had children in early elementary school aged from 7 to 9. Parenting Stress Scale for Parents of School-Aged Children, Solution-Focused Inventory(SFI), and Social Support Scale were used to conduct separate surveys on both the spouse and the non-spouse member of the subjects. Data were analyzed with SPSS 25.0 to carry out descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: First, parenting stress of part-time working mothers was significantly lower than full-time working mothers. Solution-focused thinking and the resource activation area, sub-domains of solution-focused thinking, were significantly higher than full-time working mothers. Additionally, the non-spouse social support and all sub-domains of social support factor were perceived to be relatively high by part-time working mothers. Second, only the problem disengagement of solution-focused thinking had a negative effect on parenting stress in part-time working mothers. Also parenting stress of full-time working mothers was influenced negatively by the problem disengagement of solution-focused thinking and emotional support by the non- spouse.

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3중학생의 사회적 위축이 사이버비행 가해행동에 미치는 영향: 스마트폰 의존도를 통한 적극적 신체운동의 조절된 매개효과

저자 : 홍지연 ( Hong Jee Yeon ) , 김윤경 ( Kim Yoon Kyung ) , 박주희 ( Park Ju Hee )

발행기관 : 한국생애학회 간행물 : 생애학회지 11권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 41-64 (24 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to verify the moderated mediating effect of active physical exercise on the relationship between social withdrawal and cyber delinquency behavior through smartphone dependency of adolescents. This study analyzed the data derived from a sample of 2,541 middle school students from Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey 2018 (KCYPS 2018) by National Youth Policy Institute (NYPI). Data were analyzed for moderated mediating effects between variables using Process macro version 3.5 (model 1, 4, 58) methods. The results of this study were as follows. First, smartphone dependency fully mediated the relationship between social withdrawal and cyber delinquency behavior of middle school students. Second, active physical exercise of middle school students had a moderating effect on the relationship between smartphone dependency and cyber delinquency behavior. Third, the mediating effect of smartphone dependency was moderated by active physical exercise in the relation between social withdrawal and cyber delinquency behavior. Namely, if middle school students exercise actively, social withdrawal had a less effect on cyber delinquency behavior through smartphone dependency than if they do not. Based on these results, we suggested practical interventions to prevent and reduce the problems of cyber delinquency behavior problem of middle school students, especially socially withdrawn, by decreasing smartphone dependency.

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4기혼남녀의 성인애착과 결혼만족도 간의 관계에서 자기분화의 매개효과 검증

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발행기관 : 한국생애학회 간행물 : 생애학회지 11권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 65-83 (19 pages)

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The purpose of this study sought to verify the mediating effect of differntation of self in the relationship between adult attachment and marital satisfaction. As for the subject of the study, 200 married men and women were surveyed, and self-report questionnaires were used. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS 22.0 statistical program, and performed correlation and regression analyses. The mediation analysis was done according to the steps presented by Baron and Kenny (1986). The findings are as follows: First, there are significant correlations among adult attachment, differentiation of self, and marital satisfaction. Second, the mediating role of differentiation of self in the relationship between adult attachment and marriage satisfaction was found to be significant, and showed a partial mediation in the relationship between attachment anxiety and marriage satisfaction as well as in the relationship between attachment avoidance and marital satisfaction. Finally, the implications fromthe findings were discussed. Since the mediating effect of differentiation of self has been verified, it is necessary to develop education and counseling programs focusing on differentiation of self including each subscale, which will lead to increase in marital satisfaction

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5베이비부머의 자기효능감과 좋은 죽음 인식이 사전연명의료의향서에 대한 태도에 미치는 영향: 가족 지지 매개 효과로

저자 : 신미헌 ( Miheon Shin ) , 손서희 ( Seohee Son )

발행기관 : 한국생애학회 간행물 : 생애학회지 11권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 85-99 (15 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing Baby Boomers' attitudes toward advance directives (AD). Specifically, the study investigated whether family support mediated the effects of self-efficacy and the perception of a good death on Baby Boomers' attitudes toward AD. The data were collected using an online survey from August 11 to 13, 2020 targeting 330 Baby Boomers residing in Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. Hierarchical regression and PROCESS macro were used to examine the mediation model. The results showed that Baby Boomers' attitudes toward AD were related to several factors: demographic characteristics (e.g., gender and having a child or not), AD-related characteristics (e.g., awareness of AD, intention of writing the AD, time to write the AD, participation in AD-related decision-making), and personal characteristics (e.g., self-efficacy and perception of good death). Regarding a mediational effect, family support fully mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and attitudes toward AD, and family support partially mediated the relationship between the perception of a good death and attitudes toward AD. These results suggest that raising awareness of AD and being actively involved in the process of family members preparing for death play a significant role in Baby Boomers having a positive attitude toward AD.

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6코로나19 상황하 저소득 독거노인의 생활경험 연구

저자 : 박정란 ( Park Jungran ) , 황세인 ( Hwang Sein )

발행기관 : 한국생애학회 간행물 : 생애학회지 11권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 101-118 (18 pages)

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This study conducted an in-depth investigation of the life experiences of low-income elderly living alone during the COVID-19 pandemic using qualitative case studies. The participants of this study were six low-income individuals aged over 75 years old, who lived alone. In addition, four employees of social welfare institutions whom the participants frequently encountered were included in the study. The data collected from interviews were analyzed using NVivo12. This study examined participants' experiences of living alone during the pandemic by analyzing their statements. For instance, some of them said, “We are worried that we might be transmitted with COVID-19, so we cannot even step outside. Staying home all day long causes us to feel suffocating. Most of all, it is becoming more and more difficult to make a living. We are still alive because the welfare center official comes and checks us and the local government provides us with rice. We miss the days when we were able to work and when we had meals at the welfare center, but what can we do other than getting used to this life?” Based on the findings, this study suggests implications for the declining living standards among the elderly due to restrictions and closures imposed on social welfare centers because of COVID-19. In addition, implications are provided for improving health services for the elderly, developing a system for emergency management, providing financial support and additional expenditure, securing a safe working environment for field workers and providing reliable means of transportation.

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The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of Mandala art activities through exploring materials on social-emotional competence and problem behavior of 2-year old infants. The subjects of this study were 26 infants who attended a child care in Gyeong-Gi province. A planned Mandala art program through exploring materials was conducted in the experimental group twice a week for a total of 16 sessions. For the control group, the ordinary program based on the standard child care process was implemented. For the data analysis, the SPSS 23.0 statistical program was used and a paired t-test was performed for the pre- and post-test of the experimental and comparative groups. The major results of the study are as follows. First, there was a significant difference in measuring of infants' social-emotional competence after conducting the Mandala art activities through exploring materials. Looking at each sub-factor, it had positive effects on both social-emotionality and social relationship. Second, there was a significant difference in measuring of infants' problem behavior after carrying out the activities. Looking at each sub-factor, it had a positive effect on external problem behavior, excluding internal problem behavior. Based on the results, it is emphasized to carry out Mandala art activities through variety of materials to develop social-emotional and behavior of young children.

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The purpose of this study is to verify the moderated mediating effect of active physical exercise on the relationship between social withdrawal and cyber delinquency behavior through smartphone dependency of adolescents. This study analyzed the data derived from a sample of 2,541 middle school students from Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey 2018 (KCYPS 2018) by National Youth Policy Institute (NYPI). Data were analyzed for moderated mediating effects between variables using Process macro version 3.5 (model 1, 4, 58) methods. The results of this study were as follows. First, smartphone dependency fully mediated the relationship between social withdrawal and cyber delinquency behavior of middle school students. Second, active physical exercise of middle school students had a moderating effect on the relationship between smartphone dependency and cyber delinquency behavior. Third, the mediating effect of smartphone dependency was moderated by active physical exercise in the relation between social withdrawal and cyber delinquency behavior. Namely, if middle school students exercise actively, social withdrawal had a less effect on cyber delinquency behavior through smartphone dependency than if they do not. Based on these results, we suggested practical interventions to prevent and reduce the problems of cyber delinquency behavior problem of middle school students, especially socially withdrawn, by decreasing smartphone dependency.

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초록보기

The purpose of this study sought to verify the mediating effect of differntation of self in the relationship between adult attachment and marital satisfaction. As for the subject of the study, 200 married men and women were surveyed, and self-report questionnaires were used. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS 22.0 statistical program, and performed correlation and regression analyses. The mediation analysis was done according to the steps presented by Baron and Kenny (1986). The findings are as follows: First, there are significant correlations among adult attachment, differentiation of self, and marital satisfaction. Second, the mediating role of differentiation of self in the relationship between adult attachment and marriage satisfaction was found to be significant, and showed a partial mediation in the relationship between attachment anxiety and marriage satisfaction as well as in the relationship between attachment avoidance and marital satisfaction. Finally, the implications fromthe findings were discussed. Since the mediating effect of differentiation of self has been verified, it is necessary to develop education and counseling programs focusing on differentiation of self including each subscale, which will lead to increase in marital satisfaction

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