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대한내과학회> The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine> Clinical and genetic characteristics of Korean autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease patients

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Clinical and genetic characteristics of Korean autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease patients

Yun Kyu Oh , Hayne Cho Park , Hyunjin Ryu , Yong-chul Kim , Kook-hwan Oh
  • : 대한내과학회
  • : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 07월
  • : 767-779(13pages)
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine

DOI


목차

INTRODUCTION
EPIDEMIOLOGY
ETIOLOGY AND PATHOGENESIS
CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS AND COMPLICATIONS
DIAGNOSIS
ASSESSMENT OF THE RAPID PROGRESSION OF KIDNEY DISEASE
TREATMENT
CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES

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Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease. It is characterized by cyst growth in the kidneys, resulting in kidney enlargement and end-stage kidney disease. The polycystic kidney disease 1 (PKD1) and PKD2 have been identified as genes related to ADPKD and their significance in the molecular pathology of the disease has been studied. A disease-modifying drug has been approved; therefore, it has become important to identify patients at a high risk of kidney disease progression. Genetic tests, image analysis methods, and clinical factors for kidney disease progression prediction have been established. This review describes genetic and clinical characteristics, and discusses ongoing studies in Korean ADPKD patients.

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간행물정보

  • : 의약학분야  > 내과학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCI,SCOPUS
  • : 격월
  • : 1226-3303
  • : 2005-6648
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1986-2021
  • : 2597


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1Strategies for successful implementation and permanent maintenance of a rapid response system

저자 : Myung Jin Song , Yeon Joo Lee

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1031-1039 (9 pages)

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Rapid response systems (RRSs) have been introduced to intervene with patients experiencing non-code medical emergencies and operate widely around the world. An RRS has four components: an afferent limb, an efferent limb, quality improvement, and administration. A proper triggering system, a hospital culture that embraces the RRS from the afferent limb, experienced primary responders, and dedicated physicians from the efferent limb are key for successful implementation. After initial implementation, quality improvement through objective outcome measures and self-evaluation are crucial, which lead to a better outcome when this process is well performed. Furthermore, better outcomes lead to more investment, which is essential for effective development of the system. The RRS is successfully maintained when these four components are closely interconnected.

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2Improving the care of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients: perspectives and strategies for IBD center management

저자 : Jihye Park , Sinyoung Park , Shin Ae Lee , Soo Jung Park , Jae Hee Cheon

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1040-1048 (9 pages)

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The incidence and prevalence rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been increasing in East Asian countries over the past few decades. Accordingly, the general understanding and awareness of IBD among healthcare professionals has increased considerably in this region. This increase is ultimately associated with the evolving focus of IBD clinicians devoted to comprehensive patient care, especially in establishing IBD clinics/centers capable of providing multi-disciplinary counseling. Comprehensive IBD care at IBD clinics/centers usually includes surgical and medication decision-making, transition from pediatric to adult clinics, care of extraintestinal manifestations, care of infectious diseases in patients undergoing immunomodulatory or biologic therapies, and nutritional, psychosocial, socioeconomic, and pharmacological care. Team members com-prise specialists from various departments related to IBD and can be divided into core and ad hoc members. Usually, the scope of work in IBD clinics/centers involves patient care, patient outreach, and system management. Considering the environmental changes in IBD treatment, it is necessary to perform comprehensive IBD patient care in the form of a program based on competencies, rather than simply following the organization of previous IBD centers. The present review summarizes recent trends in IBD patient care and offers perspectives regarding IBD center management.

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3Young-onset type 2 diabetes in South Korea: a review of the current status and unmet need

저자 : Ye Seul Yang , Kyungdo Han , Tae Seo Sohn , Nam Hoon Kim

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1049-1058 (10 pages)

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The prevalence of young-onset (diagnosis at age < 40 years) type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing globally. Young-onset T2DM has a common pathophysiology of glucose dysregulation as in late-onset T2DM. However, it presents a greater association with obesity and a more rapid decline in β-cell function than late-onset T2DM. Accumulating evidence indicates that disease progression in young-onset T2DM is rapid, resulting in early and frequent development of microvascular and macrovascular complications, as well as premature death. Improper management and low adherence to medical therapy are important issues in young-onset T2DM. This review discusses the epidemiology, disease entity, and clinical issues associated with young-onset T2DM. We also present the prevalence and clinical characteristics of patients with young-onset T2DM in South Korea.

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4Development of a Korean-specific cardiovascular risk model in a cohort at high-risk of hypertension

저자 : Il Suk Sohn

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1059-1060 (2 pages)

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5Nosocomial exposure to tuberculosis: a snapshot of South Korea

저자 : Hayoung Choi

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1061-1062 (2 pages)

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6Second-look endoscopy findings after endoscopic submucosal dissection for colorectal epithelial neoplasms

저자 : Soo-kyung Park , Hyeon Jeong Goong , Bong Min Ko , Haewon Kim , Hyo Sun Seok , Moon Sung Lee

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1063-1074 (12 pages)

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Background/Aims: Although second-look endoscopy (SLE) is frequently performed after gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) to prevent bleeding, no studies have reported SLE findings after colorectal ESD. This study aimed to investigate SLE findings and their role in preventing delayed bleeding after colorectal ESD.
Methods: Post-ESD ulcer appearances were divided into coagulation (with or without remnant minor vessels) and clip closure groups. SLE findings were categorized according to the Forrest classification (high-risk ulcer stigma [type I and IIa] and low-risk ulcer stigma [type IIb, IIc, III, or clip closure]), and risk factors for high-risk ulcer stigma were analyzed.
Results: Among the 375 cases investigated, SLEs were performed in 171 (45.6%) patients. The incidences of high-risk ulcer stigma and low-risk stigma were 5.3% (9/171) and 94.7% (162/171), respectively. During SLE, endoscopic hemostasis was performed more frequently in the high-risk ulcer stigma group than in the low- risk ulcer stigma group (44.4% [4/9] vs. 1.9% [3/162], respectively; p < 0.001), but most of the endoscopic hemostasis in the high-risk ulcer stigma group (3/4, 75.0%) were prophylactic hemostasis. Post-ESD delayed bleeding occurred in three (0.8%) patients belonging to the SLE group, of which, one patient was from the high-risk stigma group and two were from the low-risk stigma group.
Conclusions: The incidence of high-risk ulcer stigma during SLE was low, and delayed bleeding occurred in, both, high-risk and low-risk groups of SLE. SLEs performed after colorectal ESD may not be effective in preventing delayed bleeding, and further prospective studies are needed to evaluate the efficacy of SLE in post-colorectal ESD.

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7Risk stratification of patients with gastric lesions indefinite for dysplasia

저자 : Young Sin Cho , Il-kwun Chung , Yunho Jung , Su Jung Han , Jae Kook Yang , Tae Hoon Lee , Sang-heum Park , Sun-joo Kim

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1074-1082 (9 pages)

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Background/Aims: There are no definite guidelines for the management of gastric lesions diagnosed as indefinite for dysplasia (IND) by endoscopic forceps biopsy (EFB). Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of gastric IND and predictive factors for gastric neoplasm.
Methods: This study included 457 patients with a first diagnosis of gastric IND by EFB between January 2005 and December 2013. Patient characteristics and endoscopic and pathological data were reviewed and compared.
Results: Of the 457 gastric IND patients, 128 (28%) were diagnosed with invasive carcinoma, 21 (4.6%) with high-grade dysplasia, 31 (6.8%) with low-grade dysplasia, and 277 (60.6%) as negative for dysplasia. Of lesions observed, 180 (39.4%) showed upgraded histology. Multivariate analysis revealed that surface erythema (odds ratio [OR], 2.804; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.741 to 4.516), spontaneous bleeding (OR, 2.618; 95% CI, 1.298 to 5.279), lesion size ≥ 1 cm (OR, 5.762; 95% CI, 3.459 to 9.597), and depressed morphology (OR, 2.183; 95% CI, 1.155 to 4.124) were significant risk factors for high-grade dysplasia or adenocarcinoma. The ORs associated with 2 and ≥ 3 risk factors were 7.131 and 34.86, respectively.
Conclusions: Precautions should be taken in the management of gastric IND patients, especially when risk factors, including surface erythema, spontaneous bleeding, lesion size ≥ 1 cm, and depressed morphology are present. Considering the combined effect of the presence of multiple risk factors on the incidence of high-grade dysplasia or adenocarcinoma, endoscopic resection should be recommended if a gastric IND patient has at two or more of these factors.

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8Risk of colorectal cancer in patients with positive results of fecal immunochemical test performed within 5 years since the last colonoscopy

저자 : Yoon Suk Jung , Jinhee Lee , Chang Mo Moon

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1083-1091 (9 pages)

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Background/Aims: Annual fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are often repeated within the recommended colonoscopy surveillance intervals. However, it remains unclear whether interval FITs are useful. To answer this question, we assessed the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) according to the interval from the last colonoscopy to an FIT.
Methods: Using the Korean National Cancer Screening Program database, we collected data on patients who underwent FITs in 2011. Patients with positive FIT results were classified into three groups according to their previous colonoscopy interval: 0.5 to 5 years (group 1), 5 to 10 years (group 2), and ≥ 10 years or no colonoscopy (group 3). CRC incidence was defined as CRC diagnosed within 1 year after an FIT.
Results: Among 177,660 patients with positive FIT results, the incidence of CRC in groups 1, 2, and 3 was 0.72% (n = 214/29,575), 1.28% (n = 116/9,083), and 3.88% (n = 5,387/139,002), respectively. The age- and sex-adjusted risk for CRC was higher in groups 2 (odds ratio [OR], 1.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.43 to 2.25) and 3 (OR, 5.56; 95% CI, 4.85 to 6.38) than in group 1. Among patients who did and did not undergo a polypectomy during the previous colonoscopy, those in group 2 had a higher rate of CRC than those in group 1 (without polypectomy: 1.15% vs. 0.63%; OR, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.37 to 2.34) (with polypectomy: 2.37% vs. 0.93 %; OR, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.44 to 3.69).
Conclusion: In patients with positive FIT results who had undergone a colonoscopy within the past 5 years, the risk of CRC is very low, regardless of whether a polypectomy was performed, suggesting that interval FITs are not useful.

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9Impact of liver cirrhosis on the clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19: a nationwide cohort study of Korea

저자 : Dongsub Jeon , Minkook Son , Jonggi Choi

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1092-1104 (13 pages)

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Background/Aims: The impact of liver cirrhosis (LC) on the clinical outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains elusive. This study evaluated the association between LC and the development of severe complications from COVID-19.
Methods: We used the National Health Insurance claims data of Korea. We included 234,427 patients older than 19 years who tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Patients with LC who were infected with COVID-19 (n = 67, LC+ COVID+) were matched with those with cirrhosis only (n = 332, LC+ COVID-) and those with COVID-19 only (n = 333, LC- COVID+) using a propensity score in a 1:5 ratio. The primary outcome was the development of severe complications.
Results: Of the matched patients, the mean age was 60 years and 59.7% were male. Severe complications occurred in 18, 54, and 60 patients in the LC+ COVID+, LC+ COVID-, and LC- COVID+ groups, respectively. After adjusting for comorbidities, there was no significant difference in the risk of developing severe complications from COVID-19 between the LC+ COVID+ and LC- COVID+ groups but significant difference exists between the LC+ COVID+ and LC+ COVID-. Older age, hypertension, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and a higher Charlson comorbidity index were associated with a higher risk of severe complications in patients with cirrhosis and COVID-19.
Conclusions: Our study suggests that LC was not independently associated with the development of severe complications, including mortality, in patients with COVID-19. Our results need to be evaluated through a large, prospective study.

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10Clinical features and predictors of masked uncon-trolled hypertension from the Korean Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Registry

저자 : Hyun-jin Kim , Jeong-hun Shin , Yonggu Lee , Ju Han Kim , Sun Ho Hwang , Woo Shik Kim , Sungha Park , Sang Jae Rhee , Eun Mi Lee , Sang Hyun Ihm , Wook Bum Pyun , Jinho Shin

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 5호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1102-1119 (18 pages)

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Background/Aims: The clinical characteristics of patients with masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) have been poorly defined, and few studies have investigated the clinical predictors of MUCH. We investigated the demographic, clinical, and blood pressure (BP) characteristics of patients with MUCH and pro-posed a prediction model for MUCH in patients with hypertension.
Methods: We analyzed 1,986 subjects who were enrolled in the Korean Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (Kor-ABP) Registry and taking antihypertensive drugs, and classified them into the controlled hypertension (n = 465) and MUCH (n = 389) groups. MUCH was defined as the presence of a 24-hour ambulatory mean systolic BP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 80 mmHg in patients treated with antihypertensive drugs, having normal office BP.
Results: Patients in the MUCH group had significantly worse metabolic profiles and higher office BP, and took significantly fewer antihypertensive drugs com-pared to those in the controlled hypertension group. Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified high office systolic BP and diastolic BP, prior stroke, dyslipidemia, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, ≥ 116 g/㎡ for men, and ≥ 96 g/㎡ for women), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min), and single antihypertensive drug use as independent predictors of MUCH. A prediction model using these predictors showed a high diagnostic accuracy (C-index of 0.839) and goodness-of-fit for the presence of MUCH.
Conclusions: MUCH is associated with a high-normal increase in office BP and underuse of antihypertensive drugs, as well as dyslipidemia, prior stroke, and LVH, which could underscore achieving optimal BP control. The proposed model accurately predicts MUCH in patients with controlled office BP.

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1The role of inflammation in diabetic kidney disease

저자 : Su Woong Jung , Ju-young Moon

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 753-766 (14 pages)

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Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) has been the leading cause of chronic kidney disease for over 20 years. Yet, over these two decades, the clinical approach to this condition has not much improved beyond the administration of glucose-lowering agents, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers for blood pressure control, and lipid-lowering agents. The proportion of diabetic patients who develop DKD and progress to end-stage renal disease has remained nearly the same. This unmet need for DKD treatment is caused by the complex pathophysiology of DKD, and the difficulty of translating treatment from bench to bed, which further adds to the growing argument that DKD is not a homogeneous disease. To better capture the full spectrum of DKD in our design of treatment regimens, we need improved diagnostic tools that can better distinguish the subgroups within the condition. For instance, DKD is typically placed in the broad category of a non-inflammatory kidney disease. However, genome-wide transcriptome analysis studies consistently indicate the inflammatory signaling pathway activation in DKD. This review will utilize human data in discussing the potential for redefining the role of inflammation in DKD. We also comment on the therapeutic potential of targeted anti-inflammatory therapy for DKD.

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2Clinical and genetic characteristics of Korean autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease patients

저자 : Yun Kyu Oh , Hayne Cho Park , Hyunjin Ryu , Yong-chul Kim , Kook-hwan Oh

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 767-779 (13 pages)

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Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary kidney disease. It is characterized by cyst growth in the kidneys, resulting in kidney enlargement and end-stage kidney disease. The polycystic kidney disease 1 (PKD1) and PKD2 have been identified as genes related to ADPKD and their significance in the molecular pathology of the disease has been studied. A disease-modifying drug has been approved; therefore, it has become important to identify patients at a high risk of kidney disease progression. Genetic tests, image analysis methods, and clinical factors for kidney disease progression prediction have been established. This review describes genetic and clinical characteristics, and discusses ongoing studies in Korean ADPKD patients.

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3Blood pressure control in patients with chronic kidney disease

저자 : Jee Young Lee , Seung Hyeok Han

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 780-794 (15 pages)

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Uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) can lead to serious adverse outcomes. To prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular events (CVEs), and end-stage kidney disease, achieving an optimal BP level is important. Recently, there has been a paradigm shift in the management of BP largely as a result of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), which showed a reduction in CVEs by lowering systolic BP to 120 mmHg. A lower systolic blood pressure (SBP) target has been accepted by the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2021 guidelines. However, whether intensive control of SBP targeting < 120 mmHg is also effective in patients with CKD is controversial. Notably, this lower target SBP is associated with a higher risk of adverse kidney outcomes. Unfortunately, there have been no randomized controlled trials on this issue involving only patients with CKD, particularly those with advanced CKD. In this review, we discuss the optimal control of BP in patients with CKD in terms of reduction in death and CVEs as well as attenuation of CKD progression based on the evidence-based literature.

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4How important is dietary management in chronic kidney disease progression? A role for low protein diets

저자 : Gang-jee Ko , Kamyar Kalantar-zadeh

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 795-806 (12 pages)

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High dietary protein intake may lead to increased intraglomerular pressure and glomerular hyperfiltration, which in the long-term can lead to de novo or aggravating preexisting chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hence, a low protein diet (LPD, 0.6 to 0.8 g/kg/day) is recommended for the management of CKD. There are evidences that dietary protein restriction mitigate progression of CKD and retard the initiation of dialysis or facilitate incremental dialysis. LPD is also helpful to control metabolic derangements in CKD such as metabolic acidosis and hyperphosphatemia. Recently, a growing body of evidence has emerged on the benefits of plant-dominant low-protein diet (PLADO), which composed of > 50% plant-based sources. PLADO is considered to be helpful for relieving uremic burden and metabolic complications in CKD compared to animal protein dominant consumption. It may also lead to favorable alterations in the gut microbiome, which can modulate uremic toxin generation along with reducing cardiovascular risk. Alleviation of constipation in PLADO may minimize the risk of hyperkalemia. A balanced and individualized dietary approach for good adherence to LPD utilizing various plant-based sources as patients' preference should be elaborated for the optimal care in CKD. Periodic nutritional assessment under supervision of trained dietitians should be warranted to avoid protein-energy wasting.

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5Evidence based guidelines for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in Korea 2020

저자 : Hye-kyung Jung , Seung Joo Kang , Yong Chan Lee , Hyo-joon Yang , Seon-young Park , Cheol Min Shin , Sung Eun Kim , Hyun Chul Lim , Jie-hyun Kim , Su Youn Nam , Woon Geon Shin , Jae Myung Park , Il Ju Choi

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 807-862 (56 pages)

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Helicobacter pylori infection is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide. H. pylori is responsible for substantial gastrointestinal morbidity with a high disease burden. Since the revision of the H. pylori Clinical Practice Guidelines in 2013 in Korea, the eradication rate of H. pylori has gradually decreased with the use of a clarithromycin based triple therapy. According to a nationwide randomized controlled study by the Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research released in 2018, the intention-to-treat eradication rate was only 63.9%, which was mostly due to increased antimicrobial resistance to clarithromycin. The clinical practice guidelines for treatment of H. pylori were updated based on evidence-based medicine from a meta-analysis conducted on a target group receiving the latest level of eradication therapy. The draft recommendations developed based on the meta-analysis were finalized after expert consensus on three recommendations regarding the indication for treatment and eight recommendations on the treatment itself. These guidelines were designed to provide clinical evidence for the treatment of H. pylori to patients, nurses, medical school students, policymakers, and clinicians. These may differ from current medical insurance standards, and will be revised if more evidence emerges in the future.

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6Risk-stratified colorectal cancer screening for optimal use of colonoscopy resources

저자 : Dong-hoon Yang

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 839-841 (3 pages)

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7Rivaroxaban: striking two birds with one stone

저자 : Yae Min Park

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 842-844 (3 pages)

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8Application of deep learning to predict advanced neoplasia using big clinical data in colorectal cancer screening of asymptomatic adults

저자 : Hyo-joon Yang , Chang Woo Cho , Jongha Jang , Sang Soo Kim , Kwang-sung Ahn , Soo-kyung Park , Dong Il Park

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 845-861 (17 pages)

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Background/Aims: We aimed to develop a deep learning model for the prediction of the risk of advanced colorectal neoplasia (ACRN) in asymptomatic adults, based on which colorectal cancer screening could be customized.
Methods: We collected data on 26 clinical and laboratory parameters, including age, sex, smoking status, body mass index, complete blood count, blood chemistry, and tumor marker, from 70,336 first-time colonoscopy screening recipients. For reference, we used a logistic regression (LR) model with nine variables manually selected from the 26 variables. A deep neural network (DNN) model was developed using all 26 variables. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity of the models were compared in a randomly split validation group.
Results: In comparison with the LR model (AUC, 0.724; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.684 to 0.765), the DNN model (AUC, 0.760; 95% CI, 0.724 to 0.795) demonstrated significantly improved performance with respect to the prediction of ACRN (p < 0.001). At a sensitivity of 90%, the specificity significantly increased with the application of the DNN model (41.0%) in comparison with the LR model (26.5%) (p < 0.001), indicating that the colonoscopy workload required to detect the same number of ACRNs could be reduced by 20%.
Conclusions: The application of DNN to big clinical data could significantly improve the prediction of ACRNs in comparison with the LR model, potentially realizing further customization by utilizing large quantities and various types of biomedical information.

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9Helicobacter pylori-derived outer membrane vesicles stimulate interleukin 8 secretion through nuclear factor kappa B activation

저자 : Mun Sun Choi , Eun Young Ze , Jae Yong Park , Tae-seop Shin , Jae Gyu Kim

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 857-867 (11 pages)

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Background/Aims: Bacteria-derived outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are commonly associated with various biological activities and functions. Helicobacter pylori-derived OMVs are thought to contribute to pathogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the effects of H. pylori-derived OMVs.
Methods: H. pylori strains were isolated from patients with gastritis, gastric ulcer, or gastric cancer using endoscopic biopsy. The U-937, AGS, and MKN-45 cell lines were exposed to H. pylori and H. pylori-derived OMVs. The expression of interleukin 8 (IL-8) messenger RNA (mRNA) was assessed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time RT-PCR, and IL-8 secretion was analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation was evaluated by Western blotting.
Results: H. pylori and H. pylori-derived OMVs induced the expression of IL-8 mRNA and protein. Importantly, the bacteria induced higher IL-8 mRNA and protein expression than the OMVs. IL-8 expression was induced to different levels in response to H. pylori-derived OMVs from hosts with different gastric diseases. Western blotting revealed the increased phosphorylation and reduced degradation of inhibitor of NF-κB alpha in cells exposed to OMVs.
Conclusions: H. pylori-derived OMVs may aid the development of various gastric diseases by inducing IL-8 production and NF-κB activation.

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10Subclinical sacroiliitis detected by abdominopelvic computed tomography in Korean patients with Crohn's disease

저자 : You-jung Ha , Hyo Jin Kim , Eugene Lee , Ji Hye Park , Young Soo Park , Yun Jong Lee , Yusuhn Kang , Hyuk Yoon

발행기관 : 대한내과학회 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 36권 4호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 868-877 (10 pages)

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Background/Aims: Sacroiliitis is a frequent extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). This study aimed to assess the prevalence of sacroiliitis using a validated screening tool based on abdominopelvic computed tomography (APCT) in Korean patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and examine potential associations between clinical characteristics and sacroiliitis.
Methods: One hundred five patients with CD undergoing APCT for any indication at an IBD clinic were matched 1:1 for age and sex with 105 controls without underlying chronic illnesses. Using a validated APCT screening tool that defines sacroiliitis as either ankylosis or a total erosion score (TES) ≥ 3, all computed tomography scans were assessed by two independent, blinded radiologists. We compared the prevalence of sacroiliitis between CD patients and controls and clinical characteristics between CD patients with and without sacroiliitis.
Results: The prevalence of sacroiliitis was significantly higher in CD patients than in controls (13.3% vs. 4.8%, p = 0.030). All subjects with sacroiliitis had a TES ≥ 3, but no ankylosis. The assessment of sacroiliitis in APCT showed excellent interreader reliability (Cohen's kappa = 0.933 for presence of sacroiliitis). Sacroiliitis in CD patients was bilateral and asymptomatic. There were no significant associations between sacroiliitis and any demographic data or clinical characteristics in these patients.
Conclusions: The prevalence of APCT-detected sacroiliitis in CD patients was higher than that in controls, but the condition was asymptomatic. The clinical significance of asymptomatic sacroiliitis in Korean CD patients remains unclear.

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