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영미문학연구회> 안과밖> 근대 초기 영국 희곡의 국외 연구동향 : 여성과 극장을 중심으로

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근대 초기 영국 희곡의 국외 연구동향 : 여성과 극장을 중심으로

Women and Theater: Recent Studies in Early Modern English Drama

정유미 ( Jung Youmi )
  • : 영미문학연구회
  • : 안과밖 50권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 05월
  • : 153-177(25pages)
안과밖

DOI

10.46645/inoutsesk.50.5


목차

1. 들어가는 말
2. 16~17세기 극장과 희곡 연구에서 여성의 제한적인 역할
3. 최근의 연구경향 1: 여성들의 다양한 극작활동
4. 최근의 연구경향 2: 근대 초기 여성들의 연극성
5. 나가는 말

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This paper surveys recent studies in early modern English drama with a focus on women’s active involvement in the seventeenth-century dramatic production and theater culture. Questioning the powerful cultural paradigm of “the English all-male stage,” critics of the late 1990s called for a need to revise the literary and theater history that had largely excluded women. While feminist critics have brought to our attention how early modern women’s literary activities were neglected in the literary criticism, their revisionist projects of discovering women writers comparable to Shakespeare or Jonson fail to account for the women’s more extensive contribution to early modern drama and theater culture. In the recent scholarship, the notions of women’s dramatic production and theatricality have been considerably expanded to include non-commercial dramatic genres and women’s diverse roles and their work in and out of the theater. Pointing out how women thrived in some dramatic genres such as translation, closet drama, and household drama, critics have emphasized the interconnectedness between women’s “private” drama and a variety of theatrical traditions and dramatic forms in commercial, public theater. Early modern women’s theatricality has also been broadly expanded to reexamine the significance of women’s court and street performances, French and Italian actresses in London streets, and women’s off-stage or on-page contributions to early modern dramatic literature and performance. Such interdisciplinary efforts have uncovered a diverse range of female theatrical activities beyond the single-sex playhouse stages, which has changed our understanding of early modern drama including the plays of Shakespeare and other canonical authors.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 영문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1226-3761
  • : 2765-5695
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1996-2021
  • : 922


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1셰익스피어의 '방탕한' 왕자 : 『헨리 4세』 1부에서 읽는 투자와 개혁의 서사

저자 : 한예림 ( Han Yehrim )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 14-40 (27 pages)

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This paper examines Shakespeare's History of Henry the Fourth (1 Henry IV) in the light of Prince Hal's prodigal narrative of “investment” and “reformation” displaying the salient feature of early capitalist reconception of “loss” as potential profit. The etymology of the word “invest,” which is now commonly understood in the economic sense, originates from the word “vest,” i.e. “to clothe.” In Shakespeare's period, it meant to vest a person with a position or power, in other words, to appoint a person of a certain political office. Hal's prodigal narrative leading toward his succession of the crown involves this political economy of “invest” derived from the expansion of the word: from its initial political usage to incorporate economic meaning, as in “to invest” money for future profit. This paper especially reconsiders Prince Hal's political prudence to perform “prodigality” and his reckless adventure against his double Hotspur as a form of “investment”, an act of risk-taking despite the future uncertainty. I aim to contextualize the meaning and the process of prince Hal's narrative of “stray and return” in the literary history of prodigals, ultimately to demonstrate that the prodigal prince's audacious ethos of risk-taking venture is inextricably linked to post-Reformation skepticism.

KCI등재

2남해로 가는 길 : 로빈슨 크루소 삼부작에서 읽는 자본주의의 거품기 작동 이야기

저자 : 전인한 ( Jeon In-han )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 39-66 (28 pages)

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This paper aims to examine Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe Trilogy, that is, Robinson Crusoe (1719), The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1720), and Serious Reflections During the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1720), as a meta-narrative that justifies Daniel Defoe's conviction about the British venture into the South Seas. Daniel Defoe strongly believes that Britain's success as a trading nation depends on the successful venture into the South Seas. His last novel, A New Voyage Round the World (1724), is literary propaganda for his conviction about the South Seas where, the anonymous speaker asserts, there are ample opportunities to gather infinite wealth free from the law of scarcity. This paper argues that Robinson Crusoe Trilogy serves as the passage to the South Seas because Defoe reveals in these novels why his island is a failure as a colony, how fierce is the competition for advantageous trade in the China Sea, and why it is impossible to have the favourable balance of trade with China, the master of 18th-century global commerce. Robinson Crusoe Trilogy expresses Defoe's argument as a mercantilist, this paper suggests, that Britain should establish free and advantageous trade with a region where there are favourable conditions for trade. Robinson Crusoe Trilogy becomes the passage to the South Seas because Defoe, through the adventures of Robinson Crusoe, argues this fantastic region is indeed the South Seas. However, this paper contends, through making promises about the future venture into the South Seas, Defoe becomes entangled with the capitalism working the whipping machine, as capitalism operates by making promises about the future (attracting investment/raising debt), converting that promise (investment/debt) into stock, and postponing the realization of the promise while inflating the share price. By fantasizing about a South Seas that is free from the law of scarcity but cannot exist in reality, Defoe implicates himself unwittingly with the South Sea Bubble which comes to burst in 1721.

KCI등재

319세기말의 장기 공황과 『드라큘라』의 정보자본주의 : 정보조직의 기술화와 단행본 서사의 재탄생

저자 : 윤미선 ( Yun Misun )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 65-94 (30 pages)

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This paper proposes that the novel Dracula (1896) should be read as a response to the Long Depression that began in 1873 and ended in 1896, which contributed to the establishment of the so-called early Information Age geared by the capital's labor management innovation. It focuses especially on the format of the novel as a single-volume publication without any prior serialization: an innovative practice that departed from the then standard format of three-volume publications for the circulating library with serialization in monthly magazines. Such an innovation in the publishing industry was a part of the self-renewal of the industries under the pressure of the Depression. Bram Stoker, a manager of the middle-brow Lyceum Theatre and a hack author under the old system, inclined to the innovation and welcomed the new practice. Dracula is a story of the fight against the Long Depression by the middle class in crisis, who actively adopts the information technology to be competitive. It is a story of the early Information Age not just in that the increasingly popularized typewriter appears as the crucial medium to reveal the truth of Dracula: the Depression as a mixture of the rational and the irrational of capitalism. The novel also reflects the mechanism of Information Capitalism, since the value of the information created by the labor of cognition, communication and co-operation of plural agents, especially through the labor of the woman Mina Murray, is appropriated by one person in the making of the novel's single-volume form. It is the editor of the story - supposedly the declared author of the book's postscript, Jonathan Harker, Mina's lawyer husband - who has the final authority over the narrative. He, not unlike Stoker, represents the patriarchal middle class that came to join successfully the reinforced capitalist force of the British Empire after the Depression, which was overcome with the aid of the information technology developed in order to manage labor.

KCI등재

4할리우드 금융위기 서사와밀레니얼 '반(反)영웅'의 탄생

저자 : 조충환 ( Joe Chung-hwan )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 93-117 (25 pages)

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The September 11 attacks as well as The Great Recession (which resulted from the subprime mortgage crisis in 2007) has affected the collective identity of Millennials in America. While The September 11 attacks have influenced millennials' political perspective, the Great Repression has too often determined the economic condition of many millennials through a vicious of bankruptcy, to unemployment, and to increasing pressure to pay back student's loan, and to bankruptcy again. This article analyzes Hollywood films portraying the financial crisis, subprime mortgage crisis, and financial workers through an antihero lens: Limitless (2011), Cosmopolis (2012), The Big Short (2015) and Buffaloed (2019).
Millennials, who were frustrated at the unsuccessful result of Occupy Wall Street, which tried to subvert the financial system, resonated with these films. These films appeal to millennials with an anti-elitism sentiment, particularly against Wall Street, by showing the way that they can appropriate and take advantage of the flaws instead of changing the corrupt system. For example, The Big Short and Buffaloed introduce financial literacy, the ability to understand and effectively manage various financial skills including saving, investing and debt to the audience by characters breaking the fourth wall and talking to the audience directly like an economy tutor. The audience can understand how the financial system works and where it fails and follow how the characters in these films successfully beat the system.
The GameStop incident proves a real-life example where minority shareholders manipulated the stock price of GameStop by discussing it on an online forum. This incident (resulting from discussion on subreddit called “Wall Street Bets”) has become an iconic event showing millennials fighting back against Wall Street controlled hedge funds. This event has been also currently being developed into a movie which will portray antihero millennials while the stock price of AMC entertainment, the only film theater stock listed on US stock market skyrocketed and touched more than 20 times in five months by “Wall Street Bets.”

KCI등재

5창의융합인재 교양교육 강화에 대한비판적 고찰

저자 : 최예정 ( Choi Yejung )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 117-145 (29 pages)

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The University Basic Capability Evaluation conducted nationwide in 2021 made a huge impact on the formation of university curricula. The number of institutions in Korean higher education has rapidly increased during the past four decades, which resulted in the reshuffling of college education per se. Korean universities no longer exist only for social elites; rather they have continuously expanded reaching out to the nation's broader population. Meanwhile, academic capitalism has come to prevail over higher education in Korea as it does in the US. As the number of college applicants continues to decrease, Korean universities are facing greater pressure from the market and the government alike. In particular, the Ministry of Education looms large as the sole arbiter of their institutional reputation and national funding by evaluating universities.
To meet the requirements of the University Basic Capability Evaluation, university administrators have worked hard to create a “Creativity and Convergence Competency Enhancement Curriculum” within the existing framework of liberal arts curriculum. Generally, convergence education in Korea means interdisciplinary eduction. However, many interdisciplinary courses in liberal arts divisions, created in response to the pressure of the government-led evaluation, have exposed many limitations and shortcomings primarity due to the uncertainty of the definition, goal and efficacy of those courses. One possible solution to the problems is to remove the strict division in a credit ditribution system between liberal arts courses and major courses while continuing to build a meaningful bridge between them in a more flexible manner. Another solution is to revise the current government evaluation guidelines in a way that better reflects and increases the diversity of university education.

KCI등재

6창의융합 시대 인문교양교육에 대한비판적 고찰 및 제언 : 영문학의 사례를 중심으로

저자 : 노동욱 ( Noh Dongwook )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 144-172 (29 pages)

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This study critically discusses the current state of liberal arts education in Korea in the era of creative convergence. Specifically, this study examines whether the demands of the times for fostering creative convergence talent are effectively being met through the nation's liberal arts education. Today, all Korean universities cry out for “interdisciplinary convergence” as an antidote to the crisis of higher education; however, even professors in the same department put up a firm fence around their major field of study in the real world. Widely using co-teaching methods across disciplinary boundaries can help to tackle this problem. Moreover, this study proposes how the humanities can be renewed afresh in resistance to the fiercely pragmatist trend blasted on universities and societies more broadly, how to appeal to students (or the public) more effectively, and what to do with the humanities more immediately, focusing on the case of English literature specifically. It is necessary to have students (or the public) recognize that the humanities are studies that can not only change human beings in the long term, but also meet students' 'practical' needs in the short term as well. This study discusses and proposes a plan for promoting both together, reinstating the intrinsic value of the humanities, and stressing and drawing social utility from such a value. In this context, this study sheds new light on the 'problem-solving ability' that can be developed through liberal arts education as an important agenda. Lastly, it shows the ways in which the humanities scholars can better aid and guide the students on the job market through long-term efforts to normalize the humanities fields and higher education more generally.

KCI등재

7모더니즘과 세계 : '글로벌 모더니즘'의 국외 연구동향

저자 : 한솔지 ( Han Seolji )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 172-192 (21 pages)

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This paper introduces the recent development of “Global Modernist Studies” and explores the critical issues this new perspective raises in literary studies. With the increasing concern for global economy and transnational forms of political practices, Modernist studies has particularly been responsive to the new need for a “global” perspective. Alternatively expressed in terms such as “transnational” or even “planetary,” Global Modernist Studies seeks to expand the scope of the field by including so-far marginalized authors from diverse national and cultural traditions, thereby departing from the traditional, particularly “Western” framework that has shaped the defining line of the field. It should be noted, however, that the concern of Global Modernism goes beyond just establishing a more inclusive literary canon. Instead, this new perspective calls for a more fundamental rethinking of how we define “modernism,” and further, “modernity,” which leads to a profound reassessment of how we conceive the “world.”
Although scholars have welcomed such a transformation in Modernist Studies, they have also voiced suspicion and worries about the potentially colonizing and homogenizing effects of Global Modernism. Scholars have warned about the danger of Western-based appropriation, as Modernist Studies enlarges its scope into a world-scale. Moreover, the radical expansion of the definition of “modernity” and “modernism” risks emptying out the meaning of the concepts; the radical relativization about what modernism/modernity means often deprives local practices of their firm embeddedness in the collective world history. Global Modernism invites us to think about how we can conceive “globality” while never giving up the perspective of the “local.” The difficult task of “Global Modernism” would be to avoid reproducing the expansionist logic of imperialism, without falling into the trap of relativization by making a transcending movement into happy coexistence of plurality. I argue that Global Modernist Studies can therefore benefit from a perspective that departs from epistemological conception of the world and instead thinks about the world as an ethical unit.

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KCI등재

10[서평] 이미 도래한 종말 : 조르조 아감벤 지음, 박문정 옮김 『얼굴 없는 인간』(효형출판, 2021)

저자 : 이하람

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 205-212 (8 pages)

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12
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KCI등재

1팬데믹, 대학, 그리고 『안과밖』

저자 : 성은애

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 14-20 (7 pages)

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2『안과밖』의 현재와 미래지속가능성의 모색

저자 : 이미영

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 21-25 (5 pages)

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3『안과밖』 50호 출간을 맞는 단상들

저자 : 유희석

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 26-36 (11 pages)

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45년간의 『안과밖』 경험

저자 : 손일수

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 37-43 (7 pages)

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5트럼프의 '위대한 미국'과 조지 플로이드 사건을 읽는 하나의 방법 : 『로빈슨 크루소』의 섭리론과 식민주의

저자 : 이성호 ( Lee Sungho )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 46-80 (35 pages)

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The former U. S. President Donald Trump's well-known motto, “Make America Great Again,” while invoking the authority of America's Manifest Destiny, works as a rallying cry for American Exceptionalism. With such conservative nationalism, Trump poses himself as a bastion of Christianity and law, whose rightful enforcement is exemplified by the brutal military suppression of the Black Lives Matter Movement nationwide. To trace back to the origin of how Trump's Evangelical rhetoric serves to legitimize American Exceptionalism and institutionalized racism, this paper revisits one of the eighteenth-century Protestant spiritual autobiographies and overseas colonial adventure stories, Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe.
Just as Trump turns to the Evangelical mission for the jingoistic self-definition of who Americans are, Defoe's classical work reappropriates Protestant Providentialism in order to flesh out England's nascent imperial ideals. Trump's exceptionalism resuscitates the America's by masquerading it as the accepted norms of American democracy. In a very similar vein, Defoe's narrator deviates from the conventional structure of tensions intrinsic to Spiritual Autobiography and Early Modern adventure narratives, the conflicts between free will and God's ways, original sin and redemption, colonialism and cannibalistic threat. Crusoe ultimately tilts the balance in favor of his egocentric construal of Providence and unabashedly cracks the mysteries of divine will in order to justify his imperial desire and British Exceptionalism. Crucial to Crusoe's egoistic turn, this paper argues, is the role of Friday, whose voluntary and willing embracement of Crusoe's cultural imperialism frees the protagonist from the ethical burdens of such a unilateral exceptionalism.

KCI등재

6다락의 경계 넘기 : 해리엇 제이콥스의 『어느 노예 소녀의 삶에 벌어진 사건들』을 중심으로

저자 : 박지은 ( Park Jieun )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 79-102 (24 pages)

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This paper examines the representation of the garret in Harriet Jacobs's slave narrative Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861). Applying Arnold van Gennep and Victor Turner's framework with specific focus on the liminal or marginal period in rites of passage, I argue that Incidents is an autobiographical slave narrative that highlights the danger of being a fugitive and thus the difficulty of becoming a freeman. As the narrative centers on Jacobs' almost seven years of experience in the garret, the ambiguous and unstable status of a fugitive slave in “betwixt and between” is clearly underlined. By turning her garret into a political space to manipulate the master, and breaking the taboos on a Christian woman, Jacobs attempts to protest and subvert the white male society and contests the boundaries of race, gender, and class. The garret thus functions as a haven and the site of retreat and resistance for Jacobs, however, it does not guarantee her to further step into the postliminal period for incorporation and becoming a freeman. Difficulty of being aggregated into a white society and abnormal extension of the liminal period reflect the suffering of colored people not only in Jacobs' America but also in today's when we still shout out “Black Lives Matter!”

KCI등재

7보이지 않는 하얀 손에 대항하여 : 연극 「김씨네 편의점」의 한흑관계 다시 쓰기

저자 : 나은하 ( Na Eunha )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 101-124 (24 pages)

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In light of the latest Black Lives Matter movement, this essay revisits the convoluted Afro-Korean history in the U.S. that culminated in the 1992 Los Angeles riots to rethink the meaning of solidarity in the context of racial capitalism. The unprecedented global movement towards transnational and cross-racial alliances has evoked the history of racial triangulation and mutual struggle under white supremacy, as the two racial minorities have vied for political and cultural citizenship. Korean-Canadian writer Ins Choi's 2011 stage play Kim's Convenience offers a contemporary Korean American perspective on the changing contours of the Afro-Korean relationship at a time when previous forms of race-based community disintegrate following the logic of individual success and upward mobility. Set in a small corner store owned by a first-generation Korean immigrant located in a rapidly gentrifying neighborhood in Toronto, mundane interactions between the Kims and black customers remind the audience of particular racial perceptions and relationships that operate in this historically charged space within the American cultural imagination. As the play progresses, the Korean-owned convenience store becomes a performative site of transformation where racial histories are evoked and can be reimagined. Kim's Convenience asks that we move beyond the racial past and envision a collective future against structural racism that persists in the form of transnational corporate capitalism.

KCI등재

8『길 위 1번지』, AI 제임스의 소설 : 「소설의 기술」과 인공신경망 알고리즘의 글쓰기

저자 : 윤미선 ( Yun Misun )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 124-154 (31 pages)

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This article explores the implications of 1 the Road (2018), a fiction produced by an artificial neural network, for the debate on machine creativity. Unlike most of the recent deeplearning writing programs, its creator Ross Goodwin traveled with this neural network machine from New York to New Orleans in a Cadillac equipped with a surveillance camera, a voice recognizer, and GPS. The AI thus had continuous feeds of fresh images and sounds, not unlike a novelist who hits the road searching for an experience. I argue that we can better understand this attempt of 1 the Road when discussed alongside Henry James's realist notion of fiction in his essay “The Art of Fiction” (1884). Even though James is often considered an arch-humanist in his belief that fiction is an expression of the unique personality of a novelist, his idea of experience offers a way of understanding Goodwin's machine as a creative writer. Its algorithmic operation―processing the new sense data via the CNN algorithm and producing the result as writing via the RNN algorithm―is strikingly similar to the workings of the novelist's mind in James's view. I do not argue that those sense data are unmediated, and this fact is reflected in the CNN's algorithm that imitates the human mind. In fact, James asserts that sensory data are the result of mediated selection, which can only be seen through the final result, the writing itself. What I propose is that regardless of whether the machine has a so-called “consciousness,” its writing can affect the reader in similar ways as does a text written by a human being. As long as it works as a linguistic medium to relate the “experience,” which is the algorithmic process of selection and transcription, it is a creative writer.

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9근대 초기 영국 희곡의 국외 연구동향 : 여성과 극장을 중심으로

저자 : 정유미 ( Jung Youmi )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 153-177 (25 pages)

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This paper surveys recent studies in early modern English drama with a focus on women's active involvement in the seventeenth-century dramatic production and theater culture. Questioning the powerful cultural paradigm of “the English all-male stage,” critics of the late 1990s called for a need to revise the literary and theater history that had largely excluded women. While feminist critics have brought to our attention how early modern women's literary activities were neglected in the literary criticism, their revisionist projects of discovering women writers comparable to Shakespeare or Jonson fail to account for the women's more extensive contribution to early modern drama and theater culture. In the recent scholarship, the notions of women's dramatic production and theatricality have been considerably expanded to include non-commercial dramatic genres and women's diverse roles and their work in and out of the theater. Pointing out how women thrived in some dramatic genres such as translation, closet drama, and household drama, critics have emphasized the interconnectedness between women's “private” drama and a variety of theatrical traditions and dramatic forms in commercial, public theater. Early modern women's theatricality has also been broadly expanded to reexamine the significance of women's court and street performances, French and Italian actresses in London streets, and women's off-stage or on-page contributions to early modern dramatic literature and performance. Such interdisciplinary efforts have uncovered a diverse range of female theatrical activities beyond the single-sex playhouse stages, which has changed our understanding of early modern drama including the plays of Shakespeare and other canonical authors.

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10제국의 시민권 : 2020년과 19세기 영국문학 연구

저자 : 설연지 ( Sol Yon Ji )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 50권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 176-200 (25 pages)

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This essay examines recent scholarship on imperialism and citizenship in nineteenth-century British literature. Against the backdrop of the coronavirus pandemic and the Black Lives Matter Movement of 2020, events that prompted worldwide discussions on citizenship rights and racial (in)justice, this essay interrogates the relative scarcity of scholarship on citizenship in the subfield of nineteenth-century British literature. Drawing on the postcolonial insight of the North American journal Victorian Studies's widely-discussed special issue for Spring 2020 titled “Undisciplining Victorian Studies,” this essay argues that studies on nineteenth-century citizenship requires an interdisciplinary approach connecting the achievements of diverse disciplines encompassing history, political science, sociology, and more. In the nineteenth century, the British people understood themselves as “British subjects” rather than citizens, which was not yet a concept fully legally embraced though the definition of citizenship was being actively developed in other contexts. Historically, discussions of British national citizenship focused on suffrage, which inevitably emphasized class as the central question. This essay proposes that gender and race deserve more scholarly attention, especially through an expanded understanding of a British imperial citizenship that can encompass more kinds of social belonging beyond the right to vote. The essay concludes by raising the the question of academic citizenship in order to highlight the importance of the inclusion and participation of scholars from both formerly colonized parts of the world and outside the British Empire.

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