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대한언어학회> 언어학> A Correlation Study of Chinese English Learners’ Writing Anxiety, Writing Strategies, and Writing Achievements

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A Correlation Study of Chinese English Learners’ Writing Anxiety, Writing Strategies, and Writing Achievements

Ming-hao Jin , Yan Guo
  • : 대한언어학회
  • : 언어학 29권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 03월
  • : 139-160(22pages)

DOI


목차

1. Introduction
2. Literature Review
3. Research Design
4. Results and Discussion
5. Conclusion and Implication
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This study aims to investigate Chinese English learners’ writing anxiety, and analyzes its correlation with their writing strategies and writing achievements. Two questionnaires, designed by referring to and re-editing Petric and Czarl’s (2003) Writing Strategies Questionnaire and Cheng’s (2004) Second Language Writing Anxiety Inventory, were completed by 90 Chinese senior high school students in Yanji, China. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the data and produce descriptive statistics, paired sample T-tests, and Pearson correlation coefficient analysis. The result shows that students have a moderate degree of anxiety. High anxiety students experience the highest cognitive anxiety, and low anxiety students experience the highest physical anxiety. English learners’ writing anxiety shows a significant negative correlation with writing strategies. High anxiety students seldom use English writing strategies, while low anxiety students use them very often in the process of completing a writing task. English learners’ writing anxiety shows a significant negative correlation with writing achievements as well. The higher English learners' writing anxiety is, the lower their writing achievements will be. Thus, English learners should be encouraged and trained to use English writing strategies well to reduce English writing anxiety and improve the level of writing achievements.

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  • : 학술지
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1트위터에 나타난 접두어 '개-'의 사용 양상

저자 : 오효정 ( Oh Hyo-jung ) , 김종혁 ( Kim Chonghyuck )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-23 (23 pages)

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A few researchers have recently claimed that the prefix kay-, which literally means 'dog', has undergone a dramatic change over the past decade. Before the change, kaywas severely confined in terms of its syntax and semantics; it was restricted to combine with a handful of nouns, and semantically, it had the sole function of adding or boosting the negative sense of its host. Kay- is no longer used as such. It can virtually combine with a host of any category which has gradable meaning, as its semantics has acquired the function of an emphatic marker like very. A linguistic change is driven by the people who use it. As the number of people who adopt and use the new features of a linguistic item grows, the chance of its survival as a transformed linguistic entity increases. Thus, it is important to examine in a precise manner how kay- is used in order to track the course of change it has gone through in the past and to predict its survival in the future. No such effort, however, has been made so far. In this article, we show that we can obtain an extensive amount of data showing the real time usage of kay- over the past decade using techniques developed in informatics and that kay- has indeed undergone a dramatic change, as reported by other researchers. We also show, by analyzing the data extracted from tweets tweeted during the 48 hours, that kay- is much more frequently used in comtemporary Korean in the new pattern than in the old pattern, a concrete piece of evidence to back the claim that kay- is productively used.

2영한 표기법의 개선과 실제적 운용

저자 : 이종민 ( Lee Chongmin )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 25-48 (24 pages)

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This paper aims to review the given system of English-Korean transcription and to develop the revised version with the concepts of easiness and uniformity. Basically the vowel system should be simplified to reduce the syllable length in Korean, so the Korean people may use the imported words with uniformity. In the consonant system the positional variation of the same sound should be changed to be more consistent and recognizable among the Korean people. Often it has been assumed to maintain the idea that the foreign pronunciation should not be distorted. However, the proposed scheme has been devised to figure out how foreign words are transcribed more consistently. Though there are some exceptions existent in transcribed words, it can be concluded that the easiness and uniformity of English transcription can be systemized more effectively.

3COVID-19 영향으로 인한 한국 이공계 대학생의 영어 온라인수업에 대한 인식 연구

저자 : 차현지 ( Cha Hyun Ji ) , 김성희 ( Kim Sunghee )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 49-69 (21 pages)

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This study investigated how Korean college students majoring in science and engineering perceived their general English course held online for one semester during the COVID-19 pandemic. A survey in which 166 students participated was conducted at the end of the first semester of 2020. The results were as follows. First, most of the participants preferred pre-recorded online lectures delivered by their professors. The most common reason given was the flexibility of being able to watch them repeatedly without any concerns about time and place. Second, the preferred evaluation method was to submit only assignments without testing, since students believed this could prevent cheating. Third, the drawbacks of online classes were identified as difficulties in acquiring learning strategies from professors, problems with fair evaluation, overloading assignments, and difficulties in self-motivation due to the absence of peers. Fourth, while the majority of the students had negative opinions about online classes, there were a few positive answers. Thus, this study indicates that the participants had different preferences for and abilities to adapt to online classes. Therefore, students should reflect on their needs for online classes in the future. Discussing customized online classes tailored to each individual who takes part may be one requirement.

4코로나 19로 인한 비대면 온라인 강의 인식 조사: 대학생의 만족도와 불안도를 중심으로

저자 : 황요한 ( Hwang Yohan ) , 김창수 ( Kim Changsoo )

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 71-91 (21 pages)

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The outbreak of the coronavirus has dramatically changed the way people live and inevitably transformed the practice of social distancing which has changed the forms and methods of education. The main purpose of this study is to examine the application and operation of non-face-to-face online classes in a university setting during COVID-19. In order to achieve this goal, this paper conducts an in-depth analysis of 255 university students' perceptions toward satisfaction and anxiety over online learning and new circumstances surrounding online education. The results and suggestions are as follows. The main factors that have a positive influence on students' satisfaction in an online classroom environment come from the easy access to course content and opportunities for review and the possibility of self-directed learning beyond time and space limitations. Second, in order to increase its effectiveness, both internal efforts to improve the quality of course contents and external support for student and class management have to be (re)considered. Based on the findings from crisis to opportunity, this study suggests the need for careful planning and implementation of new procedures and guidelines for inclusive and resilient online education systems in the aftermath of COVID-19.

5Resolution of Wh/Quantifier Scope Ambiguity in Native and Nonnative Language Processing

저자 : Youngjae An

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 93-113 (21 pages)

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This study makes an attempt to identify how and when native (L1) and nonnative (L2) speakers of English make use of syntactic knowledge and nonsyntactic contextual information to resolve wh/quantifier scope ambiguity during online sentence processing. The question addressed in this research is investigated in the context of weak crossover phenomena (Chiercia, 1993). 19 native speakers of English and 32 Korean speakers of English participated in a self-paced reading experiment; the Korean speakers are further divided into advanced and intermediate group. The results show that L1 and L2 speakers are able to integrate the syntactic information with the contextual information in resolving wh/quantifier scope ambiguity online, suggesting that the ambiguity is influenced by the contextual information (Villalta, 2003). The findings also show that L2 proficiency is not a predictor of L2 speakers' use of the target syntactic knowledge online. More importantly, the results indicate that L1 and L2 speakers employ similar strategies in resolving wh/quantifier scope ambiguity online, supporting the view that L2 processing is not fundamentally different from L1 processing (An 2019; Dekydtspotter et al., 2006).

6Current Topics and Controversies in the Analysis of English L2 Learners' Verb Inflection Errors

저자 : Mun-hong Choe , Mi-ra Jung

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 115-137 (23 pages)

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This article provides a synthetic review of current research on English L2 learners' acquisition of verb inflection, focusing specifically on four topic areas: tense and aspect, subject-verb agreement, lexical and auxiliary verbs, and individual differences. The primary goal is to address the question of what to consider when analyzing ungrammatical forms produced by learners. An additional goal is to gain further insights into such questions as what challenges interlanguage researchers are likely to face in the analysis of the sources of inaccurate forms and what kinds of errors can be regarded as (non-)systematic. This review results in several observations that merit further investigation. First, in the acquisition of tense-aspect morphemes, some general tendencies have been recognized, of which most notable is the fact that L2 learners' ability to use tense-aspect morphology tends to develop gradually while form acquisition normally precedes function acquisition. Second, L2 acquisition of subject-verb agreement has been a central issue in the debate over the role and representation of the innate language faculty. Third, regarding L2 learners' ability to discern lexical and auxiliary verbs, a prevalent UG-based argument is that the mental grammars of L2 learners are organised in the same way as those of L1 speakers and that they differ only in the nature of their lexemes for surface morphology. Finally, since verb inflectional morphology explicitly demonstrates language learners' grammatical competence, variations in its acquisition constitute the core of inquiry into age- and L1-related factors.

7A Correlation Study of Chinese English Learners' Writing Anxiety, Writing Strategies, and Writing Achievements

저자 : Ming-hao Jin , Yan Guo

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 139-160 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study aims to investigate Chinese English learners' writing anxiety, and analyzes its correlation with their writing strategies and writing achievements. Two questionnaires, designed by referring to and re-editing Petric and Czarl's (2003) Writing Strategies Questionnaire and Cheng's (2004) Second Language Writing Anxiety Inventory, were completed by 90 Chinese senior high school students in Yanji, China. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the data and produce descriptive statistics, paired sample T-tests, and Pearson correlation coefficient analysis. The result shows that students have a moderate degree of anxiety. High anxiety students experience the highest cognitive anxiety, and low anxiety students experience the highest physical anxiety. English learners' writing anxiety shows a significant negative correlation with writing strategies. High anxiety students seldom use English writing strategies, while low anxiety students use them very often in the process of completing a writing task. English learners' writing anxiety shows a significant negative correlation with writing achievements as well. The higher English learners' writing anxiety is, the lower their writing achievements will be. Thus, English learners should be encouraged and trained to use English writing strategies well to reduce English writing anxiety and improve the level of writing achievements.

8Quotative be like in Ohio English

저자 : Seung Han Lee

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 161-182 (22 pages)

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This study aims (1) to provide the frequency of occurrence of be like as quantitatively measured; (2) to discover a systematic sociolinguistic distribution of be like by specifically comparing use by gender, age, education, and employment; and (3) to shed light on the classification of speech introduced by be like under discourse accounts. Accordingly, we identified a total of 485 tokens from the Ohio Buckeye Corpus of spontaneous speech. As for the distribution, the results show first and foremost that speakers prefer tense agreement between be like and its quote, favouring the present tense to trigger dramatic effect in narratives. Be like leads to expansion into the third person, second person, and first person. In Ohio English, no gender bias is identified in the use of be like. Also, younger speakers use be like more frequently. Speakers' education and employment status are not in relationship to the occurrence of be like. In what follows, the speech be like introduces is classified into four types: internal speech, direct speech, external speech, and hypothetical speech. The most frequently occurring internal speech is again subcategorized into internal judgement, internal surprise, internal volition, and internal situation; speakers' own evaluation, surprise, volition, or objective description of the preceding context is verbally unuttered. Hypothetical speech is of special interest in that speakers deliver the quote of be like under assumption, in keeping with the given context. Last, expletive it described here must include the consideration of the preceding context in order to classify the quotes of be like properly.

9Is c-command Machine-learnable?

저자 : Unsub Shin , Myung-kwan Park , Sanghoun Song

발행기관 : 대한언어학회 간행물 : 언어학 29권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 183-204 (22 pages)

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Many psycholinguistic studies have tested whether pronouns and polarity items elicit additional processing cost when they are not c-commanded. The previous studies claim that the c-command constraint regulates the distribution of relevant syntactic objects. As such, the syntactic effects of the c-command relation are greatly affected by the types of licensing (e.g. quantificational binding) and reading comprehension patterns of subjects (e.g. linguistic illusion). The present study investigates the reading behavior of the language model BERT when the syntactic processing of relational information (i.e. X c-commands Y) is required. Specifically, our two experiments contrasted the BERT comprehension of a c-commanding licensor versus a non-c-commanding licensor with reflexive anaphora and negative polarity items. The analysis based on the information-theoretic measure of surprisal suggests that violations of the c-command constraint are unexpected for BERT representations. We conclude that deep learning models like BERT can learn the syntactic c-command restriction at least with respect to reflexive anaphors and negative polarity items. At the same time, BERT appeared to have some limitations in its flexibility to apply compensatory pragmatic reasoning when a non-c-commanding licensor intruded in the dependency structure.

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