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한국비교정부학회> 한국비교정부학보> 중국의 언어교육을 중심으로 한 대외문화정책의 변천과 정책적 함의: 공자학원을 중심으로

KCI등재

중국의 언어교육을 중심으로 한 대외문화정책의 변천과 정책적 함의: 공자학원을 중심으로

The Changes and Policy Implications in Foreign Cultural Policy Focused on Chinese Language Education: Focused on Confucius Institute

정준호 ( Joon-ho Jeong ) , 황석준 ( Suk-joon Hwang ) , 최윤희 ( Yoon-hee Choi ) , 황은정 ( Eunjung Hwang ) , 주효진 ( Hyo-jin Ju )
  • : 한국비교정부학회
  • : 한국비교정부학보 25권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 03월
  • : 123-143(21pages)

DOI


목차

I. 서 론
Ⅱ. 해외사례 분석 및 논의
Ⅲ. 중국 공자학원의 설립과정 및 현황분석
Ⅳ. 공자학원의 심층 분석을 통한 논의
Ⅴ. 결론 및 정책적 시사점
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기

(Purpose) The purpose of the study is to obtain policy implications for Korea's foreign cultural border. Among other countries, China considered that the most effective way to strengthen 'soft power' is to improve the external attractiveness of Chinese culture, and devised a plan to expand external cultural exchanges.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study focuses on cultural exchange centered on language education along with an in-depth analysis of the establishment process, management and operation system of Confucius Institute, which is evaluated as being an outpost of cultural exchange from the external aspect of China. In accordance with this, overseas case studies were conducted on cultural education centers in the UK, Spain, Germany and Japan.
(Findings) As a result of the analysis, one of the most important factors that allowed Confucius Institute to rapidly spread around the world as an important cultural platform of China's foreign cultural policy was the rapid growth of the Chinese economy, but looking at growth factors other than those of the Chinese economy, it is unique. It can be classified into cooperation methods, provision of various education and exchange programs based on demand, and strong support from the Chinese government.
(Research implications or Originality) This article may provide implications for future discussions based on the results of this analysis. In the case of the Korean Education Center, which mainly plays a role of foreign cultural exchange, centering on language education in Korea, it enhances clarity on the operation method of various education programs based on core principles, and is institutional in terms of staff management, budget and accounting management. It presents implications that it is necessary to improve the degree of completion.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 행정학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-964X
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1999-2021
  • : 739


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발행기관 최신논문
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1정부의 신뢰 향상과 의미있는 시민참여를 위한 공무원의 태도: 대만 물자원기구 사례를 중심으로

저자 : Yinglee Tseng , 박소영 ( Soyoung Park )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-22 (22 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

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(Purpose) This research deeply explores the views and attitudes of public administrators toward citizen participation (CP), as well as how they can influence trust in government among citizens and the quality of citizen participation, which can in turn affect policy outcomes.
(Design/methodology/approach) The research used a six-month CP project conducted by a water resource agency in Taiwan as the case study to provide explanatory evidence proving that public administrators' attitudes toward CP can improve trust in their relationships with citizens and can also help to achieve policy objectives. The case study utilized a narrative methodology through interviews to seek information and in-depth explanations from 31 participants to examine the propositions of this research.
(Findings) In the research, the data showed that the favorable and positive attitude to adopt CP action is the primary reason to improve the relationships between government and people, which finally supported the administration's pursuit of the policy objectives and the evidence responding to the assumption of previous studies. Strong leadership also played a significant role in exercising effective CP and guided the direction of the operation.
(Research implications or Originality) The case indicated that a sincere attitude toward the citizens, gaining trust and friendship, proved to be the best way for the administrator to start a new environmental plan in the regions where severe anti-government sentiment exists.

2한국의 새마을운동과 가나의 NRPRP의 비교 연구 : 농촌빈곤 감소와 지역사회개발에 대한 교훈

저자 : Okine Margaret Naa Ayeley , 이정주 ( Jeong-ju Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 23-52 (30 pages)

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(Purpose) Korea and Ghana shared a similar level of development with GNP per capita of approximately $83in 1961. The Saemaul Undong, which began in the 1970s, contributed to poverty reduction, improved living conditions, high economic growth, and ultimately the transformation of Korea into a developed country, while Ghana remained a developing and aid-dependent or recipient country with high poverty levels especially in rural areas. This study aims to suggest directions for programs for sustainable poverty reduction and community development in the rural areas of Ghana based on a comparison of Korea's Saemaul Undong and Ghana's Northern Region Poverty Reduction Programme (NORPREP).
(Design/methodology/approach) This study used a qualitative research method, conducting case studies of Saemaul Undong and NORPREP. It focused on three criteria: self-help approach, institutional coordination, and implementation approach for both programs, and takes policy suggestions into consideration to apply success factors of Saemaul Undong to NORPREP.
(Findings) This study found that there are both commonalities and differences in project implementation between Saemaul Undong and NORPREP. Saemaul Undong achieved its targets on poverty reduction and rural community development, which contributed to the development of the country, and while NORPREP also achieved its targets, they had low impact, and the desire to develop the country was not achieved. 
(Research implication or originality) This study suggests policies for sustainable poverty reduction and community development in rural areas by applying the success factors of the Saemaul Undong to improve the NORPREP in Ghana.

3한국 EFL 대학생의 사회 불안과 외국어 불안과의 관계에 대한 고찰

저자 : 이영림 ( Young-lim Lee ) , 김지효 ( Jihyo Kim ) , 박성만 ( Seong-man Park ) , 장종화 ( Jong-hwa Jang ) , 주미란 ( Meeran Joo ) , 박은서 ( Eunseo Park ) , 박종태 ( Jong-tae Park )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 53-74 (22 pages)

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(Purpose) One of the goals of learning English as a foreign language (EFL) is to communicate properly but EFL anxiety has been found to be one of obstacles to EFL learning. Since listening and speaking language are interactive processes, listening anxiety is possibly related to speaking anxiety, resulting in poor performance when learning English. Moreover, as language is used as a communicative tool, anxiety in social interaction might have an effect on EFL anxiety. The purpose of this study, thus, was to examine whether and how social anxiety and interpersonal orientation were associated with English listening and speaking anxiety.
(Design/methodology/approach) 94 freshmen who enrolled in college English classes participated in the survey of this study. We used a Foreign Language Listening Anxiety Scale to measure English listening anxiety and Public Speaking Class Anxiety Scale to measure English speaking anxiety. In addition, Social Avoidance Distress Scale was used to measure social anxiety and Fundamental Interpersonal Relation Orientation-Behavior short version was used to measure interpersonal orientation of EFL learners.
(Findings) This study has shown that social anxiety was strongly associated with English speaking anxiety and the relationship between social anxiety and English speaking anxiety was mediated by English listening anxiety. Moreover, interpersonal orientation moderated the relationship between social anxiety and English speaking anxiety. It was shown that the learners with a high interpersonal orientation showed high English speaking anxiety even though their social anxiety was low.
(Research implications or Originality) The findings of this study imply that it is important to reduce social anxiety when learning English because social anxiety is strongly related to English listening and speaking anxiety. Furthermore, since individual characteristics such as interpersonal orientation also has an effect on anxiety when learning English, characteristics of learners should be considered. Since Virtual Reality(VR) systems could be useful in considering learner's attributes as well as reduce anxiety, we suggest that it is necessary to develop a VR environment for learning a foreign language(FL).

4한국과 미국의 지역격차에 관한 비교 분석: 지역내 총생산지표 활용을 중심으로

저자 : 김덕준 ( Duckjoon Kim )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 75-98 (24 pages)

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(Purpose) The existence of regional disparities among local governments is inevitable but needs to be reduced to promote the efficiency in distribution of resources and to create equity of policy environments. As a starting point of decreasing the disparities, this paper tries to trace the variations and the underlying mechanicim of the regional disparities in Korea and the US in terms of GRDP during 1985~2018.
(Design/methodology/approach) In this paper, the author calculate the Gini coefficients for the GRDP and the per capita GRDP of local governments in the two nations to explore the characteristics of the regional disparities. To illustrate the mechanism of the variations in the regional disparities, this study utilizes the variance component analysis methodology.
(Findings) Results clearly indicate that the degree of disparity of GRDP in Korea has been less than that in the US at the level of local governments. But, it turns out to be a reversal at the level of regions. The degree of disparity, in addition, has been gradually widened in Korea. In terms of the per capita GRDP, it reports that we need to concentrate on the changing trend of regional disparity not on the measured figures themselves. It turns out, meanwhile, that the effects of local factors on the distribution of the GRDP and the per capita GRDP should not be ignored at all. The effects of local factors, furthermore, are increasing as time goes by.
(Research implications or Originality) We may emphasize the necessity of more balanced regional development policy at the level of central government in Korea. In addition, this study highlights the local governments' policy initiatives for the improvement of their GRDPs. The analytical focus of future research should be centered on identifying the local factors to measure their effects on local developmental level.

5OECD 주요국 의회의 재정 권한과 실제

저자 : 김수희 ( Suhee Kim ) , 신가희 ( Ga-hui Shin ) , 유승원 ( Seungwon Yu )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 99-121 (23 pages)

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(Purpose) We have recently witnessed a high interest in the legislature's fiscal powers through democratization, diversification, and government responses to crises. Prior studies focused on the legislatures' formal powers in traditional issues such as budget system, budget organization, budget review period, and budget modification, not analyzing actual powers and strategic issues such as top-down budgeting, long-term fiscal sustainability. This article attempts to overcome the limitations and expand the discussion of legislatures' fiscal power.
(Design/methodology/approach) We analyze the Congress of the U.S., the representative country of the presidential system, the Parliament of the U.K., the representative country of the parliamentary cabinet system, and the National Diet of Japan, the neighboring country of which the budget system is similar to that of Korea. We review literature, analyzing whether there is a difference between the formal fiscal power and actual fiscal power that the three countries' legislatures have in the traditional issues and strategic issues.
(Findings) Our analyses show that the actual fiscal powers are not the same as the formal ones in the legislatures' budget amendment, top-down budgeting, etc. Also, legislature powers in strategic issues are not as strong as those in traditional powers.
(Research implications or Originality) This article may provide implications for future discussions of the fiscal powers of legislatures.

6중국의 언어교육을 중심으로 한 대외문화정책의 변천과 정책적 함의: 공자학원을 중심으로

저자 : 정준호 ( Joon-ho Jeong ) , 황석준 ( Suk-joon Hwang ) , 최윤희 ( Yoon-hee Choi ) , 황은정 ( Eunjung Hwang ) , 주효진 ( Hyo-jin Ju )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 123-143 (21 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

(Purpose) The purpose of the study is to obtain policy implications for Korea's foreign cultural border. Among other countries, China considered that the most effective way to strengthen 'soft power' is to improve the external attractiveness of Chinese culture, and devised a plan to expand external cultural exchanges.
(Design/methodology/approach) This study focuses on cultural exchange centered on language education along with an in-depth analysis of the establishment process, management and operation system of Confucius Institute, which is evaluated as being an outpost of cultural exchange from the external aspect of China. In accordance with this, overseas case studies were conducted on cultural education centers in the UK, Spain, Germany and Japan.
(Findings) As a result of the analysis, one of the most important factors that allowed Confucius Institute to rapidly spread around the world as an important cultural platform of China's foreign cultural policy was the rapid growth of the Chinese economy, but looking at growth factors other than those of the Chinese economy, it is unique. It can be classified into cooperation methods, provision of various education and exchange programs based on demand, and strong support from the Chinese government.
(Research implications or Originality) This article may provide implications for future discussions based on the results of this analysis. In the case of the Korean Education Center, which mainly plays a role of foreign cultural exchange, centering on language education in Korea, it enhances clarity on the operation method of various education programs based on core principles, and is institutional in terms of staff management, budget and accounting management. It presents implications that it is necessary to improve the degree of completion.

7국제기준에 부합하는 국가재무제표 개편 대안을 찾아: GFS 관점에서

저자 : 정성호 ( Seongho Jeong )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 145-171 (27 pages)

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(Purpose) When accrual basis accounting was first being adopted, scholars raised the question about the usefulness of financial information from accrual basis accounting. This question is still being raised in the countries that proactively adopted the system. This question lingers around even in countries like the UK, Australia, and New Zealand which adopted accrual basis to not just accounting but also in budgeting as well. Meanwhile, the debates on the usefulness of accrual basis accounting have continued in numerous international seminars. However, most of the arguments have been normative in nature and no definitive answers have been provided on this issue. This study is an attempt to provide that very answer.
(Design) This study compares national financial statement for each country complied based on IFRS and examine its compliance with GFS standard and usefulness. To do so, this research adopts a hypothesis that financial statements based on accrual basis accounting provide a better explanation of a government's fiscal activity. To prove this, the research investigates the difference in the national financial statement between South Korea and other counties and the extent to which they comply with the GFS standard. Policy implications are then drawn.
(Research implications) Almost all country's financial statement seems to be more compliant with the GFS standard than South Korea. For instance, the GFS standard's balance sheets differentiate financial assets, non-financial assets, and debt, and financial assets and debt are further divided into domestic and external categories. This allows GFS standard balance sheets to serve a useful role in data and evidence-based policymaking. As such, a national financial statements that meets the international standard can be a basis for efficient financial management and increases the feasibility of international comparison. This also suggests that those who are drafting financial statements should not consider this as a routine exercise, but rather presume actual application in their mind. There is an urgent need to reform the financial statement that meets the GFS standard. This will be the new arena for intellectual debate on the usefulness of accrual basis accounting.

8노인복지의 공유가치 확장을 위한 탐색적 연구: 조례분석을 통한 노인재능나눔활동을 중심으로

저자 : 조지용 ( Gee-yong Jo ) , 신희정 ( Hee-jung Shin )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 173-192 (20 pages)

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(Purpose) The sharing economy is an alternative economic system for the concept of borrowing, not owning resources, and allocating resources based on social relations and shared ethics is considered a core value. The purpose of this study was to explore how the sharing economy is related to the Talent Sharing Activities for Senior among elderly welfare, and to present the direction of Talent Sharing Activities for Senior to spread shared value.
(Design/methodology/approach) In order to derive the value of the sharing economy, 11 metropolitan governments with sharing economy support ordinances were analyzed based on the significance, policy, system, and support system of the ordinance. Based on the analysis, the relationship between shared economic value and talent sharing activities for the elderly was derived.
(Findings) As a result of the study, it was analyzed that the Talent Sharing Activities for Senior is aimed at the value of sharing talent for the elderly, but the use of shared resources has not been activated.
(Research implications or Originality) The study suggested that support is needed to expand the possibility of shared value, such as the activation of a system and delivery system that can organically utilize community resources to ensure differentiation from other elderly welfare so that professional elderly talents can be shared to the community.

9중국 농촌관광마을 융복합 산업 발전에 관한 연구: 지도자 역할을 중심으로

저자 : 한소경 ( Su-qing Han ) , 황태규 ( Tae-kyu Hwang ) , 강순화 ( Soon-hwa Kang )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 193-217 (25 pages)

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(Purpose) The purpose of this study is to identify the role of leaders in the convergence development process of China's rural tourism industry. In order to achieve this research purpose, the characteristics, achievements, and development factors of convergence development of the Chinese rural tourism industry were first analyzed. Second, based on the analysis results, we analyzed the four-factor model of the role of leaders in the convergence development process of the rural tourism industry and the change in importance of each element when the model was applied to different types of rural villages and villages with different industrial convergence models. Third, based on the theory of innovative ecosystem systems, we analyzed the role of leaders, support for innovative ecosystem systems, and the mechanism that creates innovative performance, and conducted empirical verification and analysis through surveys and multidisciplinary regression models.
(Design/methodology/approach) Based on prior research, this study divided the role of leaders during the development of convergence industries into 12 manipulation indicators. The survey was conducted from April 2020 to August 2020 by MPA students from Hebei Economic and Trade University, who are the main agents of the development of the rural convergence industry. A total of 350 people were surveyed and 304 were collected. The recovery rate was 86.9 percent.
(Findings) As a result of this study, the promotion of the government's policies, the promotion of the system, education and training, and fostering village leaders through cultural influences improve the ability of village leaders. It shows that if the role of leaders is fully exercised, the convergence development performance of the rural industry will be improved.
(Research implications or Originality) This study will clarify the direction of rural development and the role of village leaders in the new environment, and will be a theoretical basis for cultivating and nurturing the qualities of village leaders.

10디지털 정보격차의 영향에 대한 실증분석: 결혼이주여성의 삶의 만족을 중심으로

저자 : 이동기 ( Dong-gi Lee )

발행기관 : 한국비교정부학회 간행물 : 한국비교정부학보 25권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 219-239 (21 pages)

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(Purpose) The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of the digital gap on their satisfaction with their lives and the relative size of the digital gap for marriage immigrant women.
(Design/methodology/approach) The digital information gap survey conducted by the National Information Society Agency (KISA) is empirically analyzed through regression analysis of the original data in 2019 and the analysis method of alignment score matching.
(Findings) The results of this study show that when an ordered logit model is used to analyze the effect of the digital information gap, defined as the availability of online communication and exchange, on life satisfaction, the regression analysis result is the resolution of the digital divide in marriage immigrant women. Suggests that can be a policy alternative that can improve their satisfaction in life. In addition, the results of this study show that in the analysis using the binomial logit model and propensity score matching, the digital gap of marriage immigrant women is relatively more severe than that of Korean women with similar socio-economic attributes.
(Research implications or Originality) The number of marriage migrant women in Korea is continuously increasing, but their adaptation and harmonization to Korean society are insufficient. The results of this paper imply that there is a need to close or mitigate the digital information gap as a policy measure.

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