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한국외국어대학교 중국연구소> 중국연구> 현대중국어 ‘피(被)’자 피동문에 관한 고찰 - 구문문법 관점을 중심으로

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현대중국어 ‘피(被)’자 피동문에 관한 고찰 - 구문문법 관점을 중심으로

A study on ‘被’ passive sentence based on construction grammar in modern Chinese

남양우 ( Nam Ryangwoo )
  • : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소
  • : 중국연구 86권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 03월
  • : 3-23(21pages)

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 들어가는 글
Ⅱ. 두 가지 ‘被’자 피동문
Ⅲ. Ⅰ식과 Ⅱ식의 관계
Ⅳ. 맺는말

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초록 보기

This paper discussed ‘bei’ construction of modern Chinese based on construction grammar. The traditional view regards ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’ construction and ‘NP1+被+VP’ construction as same category, but we claimed that ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’ construction and ‘NP1+被+VP’ construction are different. The reasons for this are explained in terms of construction form, construction arguments, and construction meaning.
In previous studies, there was a debate over which is a typical ‘bei’ construction. However, when construction grammar is applied, this debate is unnecessary because ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’ and ‘NP1+被+VP’ are separate construction.
Just because ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’ and ‘NP1+被+VP’ are separate construction does not mean they are irrelevant. Construction grammar allow us to capture how the two constructions are interrelated, recognizing the individual characteristics of ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’ and ‘NP1+被+VP’. Formally, it has changed from ‘NP1+被+VP’ to ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’. Semantically, it has changed from an early negative meaning to a neutral meaning. As the verb that can be used in ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’ construction became diverse, intransitive verbs appeared in ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’ construction. And this also affected ‘NP1+被+VP’ construction, which led to appearance of ‘new bei construction’. Thus, we can say that ‘NP1+被NP2 +VP’ and ‘NP1+被+VP’and ‘new bei construction’ are structurally connected and they are interactive.

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  • : KCI등재
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  • : 1225-8695
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1975-2021
  • : 1413


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1현대중국어 '피(被)'자 피동문에 관한 고찰 - 구문문법 관점을 중심으로

저자 : 남양우 ( Nam Ryangwoo )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 3-23 (21 pages)

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This paper discussed 'bei' construction of modern Chinese based on construction grammar. The traditional view regards 'NP1+被NP2 +VP' construction and 'NP1+被+VP' construction as same category, but we claimed that 'NP1+被NP2 +VP' construction and 'NP1+被+VP' construction are different. The reasons for this are explained in terms of construction form, construction arguments, and construction meaning.
In previous studies, there was a debate over which is a typical 'bei' construction. However, when construction grammar is applied, this debate is unnecessary because 'NP1+被NP2 +VP' and 'NP1+被+VP' are separate construction.
Just because 'NP1+被NP2 +VP' and 'NP1+被+VP' are separate construction does not mean they are irrelevant. Construction grammar allow us to capture how the two constructions are interrelated, recognizing the individual characteristics of 'NP1+被NP2 +VP' and 'NP1+被+VP'. Formally, it has changed from 'NP1+被+VP' to 'NP1+被NP2 +VP'. Semantically, it has changed from an early negative meaning to a neutral meaning. As the verb that can be used in 'NP1+被NP2 +VP' construction became diverse, intransitive verbs appeared in 'NP1+被NP2 +VP' construction. And this also affected 'NP1+被+VP' construction, which led to appearance of 'new bei construction'. Thus, we can say that 'NP1+被NP2 +VP' and 'NP1+被+VP'and 'new bei construction' are structurally connected and they are interactive.

2류츠신(劉慈欣) 『삼체(三體)』의 니힐리즘적 세계관 고찰

저자 : 박정훈 ( Park Chung Hoon )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 25-42 (18 pages)

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『The Three Body Problem(三體)』is a 2015 Hugo Award winning work of science fiction by Cixin Liu, the renowned science-fiction writer in China. The story of this novel begins with human civilization encountering the attack by “the three-body civilization”, one of extraterrestrial civilizations where a surprising degree of technology has already been established. The characters in this novel struggle with the answer for the conundrum referring to “the salvation of human civilization” in the face of danger in the cosmos regarded as “the dark forest.” The struggles of the characters are situated in an elaborate and well-organized plot, allowing indefatigable energy of the narrative in spite of the emergence of extensive scientific theories, technologies, and numerous characters.
This study is focused on the discussion of the writer's perspective referring to the future of human civilization, on the basis of the studies on the detailed examination of the main characters struggling with the attack by the three-body civilization, and their own perspectives. The characters of this novel have similarity in consideration that they all have “scepticism” on the future of human civilization, which relates closely to the ideas of nihilism. On the basis of the above, this study carries out the research on the speculation that considerable similarity exists between the theme of this novel and the ideas of nihilism, in which existing values are regarded to be baseless, while looking for the emergence of new values based on the destruction, transposition, and disassembly of the existing values.
『The Three Body Problem』raises the possibility to expand the scope of the contemplation on the nature of human civilization to outer space, beating the prejudice that science fiction is a literary genre biased towards popularity. Notably, this novel shows a solid structure of narrative consistency by correlating the humanistic conundrum referring to “the salvation of human civilization” with the mathematical conjecture referring to “the three-body problem” which has been considered unsolvable. Due to rapid technological change, science fiction advances faster than any other moment in the past. In this context, the novel by Cixin Liu appears to be a symbolic work in consideration that it sheds lights on the enormous potential of science fiction.

3基于语料库的“系”族新词语考察

저자 : 陈娟 ( Chen Juan ) , 朴興洙 ( Park Heungsoo )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 43-65 (23 pages)

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This article first examines the initial meaning, developmental meaning and derived meaning of "系". Secondly, a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis was carried out on the structural form and semantic function of the "X系". In terms of the productivity of the "X系", a quantitative analysis method different from the previous qualitative analysis was tried-based on corpus single frequency The calculation method of words, and the comparison with other homomorphic suffixes further proved its word formation ability. In the analysis of structure and semantic function, this article starts from the perspective of construction grammar, firstly inspects the "X系" and the secondary derivative structure "X系Y" of the "系" family words, and finds the "X系Y" structure It is derived by adding other components after the "X系". Although it has the characteristics of batch word creation and semantic classification, it can only be regarded as the "X系" because of its semantic reality and poor adhesion to the "Y". A common morpheme with a certain productivity. In the semantic investigation of the "X系" construction, it is found that the semantic transparency of the structure is not consistent. When the "X" is an adjective, its overall semantic characteristics can be inferred from the composition, which shows that its transparency is more transparent than the noun and The verb must be high. In the syntactic structure, the "X系" is relatively free and can serve as a variety of components, such as attributive, adverbial, complement, subject, predicate, and object. Then, through the investigation of corpus, the diachronic development process of the "X系" is divided into three stages, namely the initiation period, the secondary derivative period and the continuous development period. Finally, different from previous studies, this article starts from the point of view of the relationship between form and meaning, using construction suppression and metaphorical mechanisms to interpret the formation of the "X系" construction.

4중국 드라마 <소환희(小歡喜)>(2019)의 성장 서사 연구 - 리미널리티와 커뮤니타스 개념을 중심으로

저자 : 강설금 ( Jiang Xuejin )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 69-93 (25 pages)

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This paper utilizes Victor Turner's concept of social drama to examine the growth of adolescents and family harmony in the Chinese drama 「A Little Reunion」 (2019). Victor Turner used the concepts of liminality and communitas to enrich Van Geneb's rites of transition. The liminality in the drama shows various forms and characteristics depending on the criteria such as who forms it, who is planning or accidental, who is participating, and what you experience. Ji Yang-yang, who lived separately from his parents, created the liminality at the hotel. The liminality of the participation of Chiao Yingzi, the child of the divorced family, was accidentally formed by the situation. Lin Lei'er, who lost his mother, enters the liminality by participating with his aunt in the school's 'wish-talking activities.' The communitas shown in this drama may be established as theatrical, resistance, and ritual depending on the mutual relationship of the trainees, the progression and purpose of the story. I linked and named the story of each family to the a child left behind-theatrical communitas, the divorce family-resistance communitas, and the bereavement family-ritual communitas. This work confirms that social drama theory is useful for a rich understanding of the social phenomena and family integration associated with adolescent growth pains.

5从数字人文视角分析中国政论片与社会思潮流变―基于解说词的文本计量分析

저자 : 姜真硕 ( Kang Jinseok ) , 王伟 ( Wang Wei )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 95-114 (20 pages)

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With the process of reform and opening up, China's documentary creation has gradually moved from an exploratory period to a mature period. Both the creative concept and the theme content have undergone tremendous changes. As one of the important types of documentaries, political documentaries play an important role in spreading mainstream ideology and advocating the concept of political party governance. The research objects of this article are three Chinese political documentaries: He Shang(1988), The Road to Revival(2007) and Amazing China(2017). The reason why these three political documentaries are the research objects is that they represent the national ideology to a certain extent and have a wide range of social influences. The research method of this article is a mixed research method, which combines quantitative statistics and qualitative analysis. First, transcribed the content of the three documentaries into natural language; secondly, use the Chinese word segmentation tool to calculate the frequency and weight of natural language; third, analyze the characteristics of the three documentaries based on the frequency of the words; finally, analyze the changes of Chinese social thoughts over the past 30 years. In the conclusion part, this research believes that "He Shang" is not a representative of "national nihilism" and "historical nihilism", and has a strong enlightenment color. In addition, this study found that Chinese political documentaries on the one hand adheres to the tradition of reflecting on history, on the other hand, it is increasingly emphasizing political achievements. This study also believes that the changes in Chinese social thoughts are mainly reflected in three aspects. In economics, the development of "primary and secondary industries" has shifted to the pursuit of "technical progress"; in politics, it has shifted from emphasizing "secondary enlightenment" to the pursuit of "the rise of great powers"; in culture, it has shifted from "cultural craze" to "cultural conservation".

6중국동포 다중정체성의 형성: 문화대혁명 시기 한민족 정체성의 소실과 복원

저자 : 김윤태 ( Kim Yuntae )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 115-140 (26 pages)

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This study investigated how the ethnic identity of Korean Chinese was forced to be destroyed and disappeared during the Cultural Revolution and how the ethnic identity of them was restored with the newly adopted reform and openness after the Cultural Revolution. In other words, the study tried to find out through what kind of process the ethnic identity of Korean Chinese was restored and what sort of characteristics they acquired. This attempt was made to understand the formation basis of multiple identities of Korean Chinese more specifically.

7재중동포 서신 데이터베이스 구축 필요성과 그 의미

저자 : 문형진 ( Moon Hyoungjin )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 141-157 (17 pages)

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The purpose of this school is to identify why the DBization of Korean-Chinese letters is necessary and what it means. The letter of Korean residents in China is a letter sent by Chinese compatriots to find separated families. The total volume amounts to about 100,000 copies over 30 years from 1974 to the early 2000s.
Chapter 2 'Database Construction Method' explains that the database was built using the 'belt conveyor method' and the 'information classification method'. Chapter 3, "Need to Build a Database," explained that the DBization of unstructured data expands the convenience and usability of data use and provides a foothold for the establishment of "digital humanities." Chapter 4, "The Meaning of Databaseization," introduced that it is worth overcoming the limitations of prior research and data that can reconstruct the lives of modern and contemporary Koreans in China.
Through this paper, I hope that this paper will serve as an opportunity for the spread of understanding and utilization of Korean-Chinese correspondence.

8중국의 소액 후불결제(先消費後付款)서비스(앱) 소비자 이용실태에 관한 연구-화베이(花呗) vs 징동 바이티아오(京东白条) 경로차이를 중심으로-

저자 : 박상수 ( Park Sangsoo ) , 양연 ( Yang Juan ) , 하설 ( Xia Xue )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 159-189 (31 pages)

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Traditional Consumer Finance is a modern financial service mode that provides consumer loans to consumers from all classes of society. Internet Consumer Finance has emerged since 2009, which greatly improves the efficiency compared with traditional consumer finance.
Therefore, this paper researches the different influence on the intention of use among the Two Apps of Internet Micro-payment Services Platform, Huabei of Alipay & Baitiao of Jingdong. In this paper, models and assumptions are established to study consumers' use intentions according to this theory Convenience, reliability and economical efficiency are taken as the characteristics of Apps; Involvement and innovativeness are taken as consumers' characteristics; Perceive usefulness and perceived ease of use are taken as parameters. SPSS and AMOS are used to analyze the questionnaires filled out by 491 consumers. Factor analysis, reliability analysis, analysis of variance(ANOVA) and path analysis and multi-group analysis, are based on the purpose of the research.
The results are as follows.
Based on the results of the path analysis, all the paths in the model are shown to be beneficial. The path coefficients of Huabei of Alipay & Baitiao of Jingdong are statistically significant. However, Comparing two Apps through Measurement Equivariant, only Involvement and Intention of use are statistically significant. In the case of Multi-group analysis, only 4 paths such as Economical efficiency to Usefulness, Involvement to Usefulness, Perceived ease of use to the intention of use and Usefulness to the Intention of use had significant impact.

9중국 역대 반부패 운동의 특징 연구 - 시진핑 시기를 중심으로

저자 : 전세영 ( Jeon Saeyoung ) , 강준영 ( Kang Junyoung )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 191-208 (18 pages)

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Since the establishment of the People's Republic of China, 'Anti-corruption(反腐败)' has always been a policy emphasized by all leaders. As with the previous leadership, Xi Jinping has been pushing for a strong fight against corruption since his inauguration, showing differences and improvements in many ways. The purpose of this study is to derive characteristics through comparisons of the Anti-corruption campaigns in the past and to analyze the achievements and limitations based on the historical background.
In this study, four analytical variables were adopted: institutionalization, enforcement of system and punishment, public mobilization, and public participation. Analytical variables are phenomena that emerged from the anti-corruption movements of all leaders' Anti-corruption campaigns, such as 'institutionalization' and 'enforcement of system and punishment' analyze changes in Anti-corruption participation activities.
In conclusion, the Anti-corruption campaign during the Xi Jinping era is in line with the elements of the CCP's past to the future and the expansion of institutionalization and the increase of public participation emerged. It can be expected that the Chinese government will continue to promote strong Anti-corruption campaign.

10중국 동북진흥전략과 소수민족정책 변화의 함의

저자 : 정보은 ( Jung Boeun )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 86권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 209-241 (33 pages)

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The area located in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula is northeastern China, formerly called Manchuria, formerly called Goguryeo, Balhae, and further back to the past, the three northeastern provinces of China, called Gojoseon. Currently, the area is divided into borders with China, but in the past, Manchuria, Northeast Asia, and the Korean Peninsula may have been very familiar to the Korean Peninsula rather than separate spaces as they are now. Currently, the Chinese government is strongly pushing for a "One belt, One road" development strategy, and China's northeastern economic region, which is called the "northeast Economic Area," has become an important area for China's economy. For this reason, the Northeast economic development strategy implemented by the Chinese government has important strategic implications. In order to improve understanding of the past and present future of the three Northeast Asian provinces closely related to the Korean Peninsula, this paper aims to understand the meaning of the three Northeast Asian provinces, the importance of the Korean Peninsula, and the implications of China's national strategy.

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