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한국군사학회> 군사논단> 미국의 귀환 선언과 한미동맹의 미래

미국의 귀환 선언과 한미동맹의 미래

마상윤
  • : 한국군사학회
  • : 군사논단 105권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 03월
  • : 4-12(9pages)

DOI


목차

취임식
기대
제약
한미동맹
‘같이 갑시다’

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UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 정치/외교학
  • :
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-1609
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1994-2021
  • : 1361


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1미국의 귀환 선언과 한미동맹의 미래

저자 : 마상윤

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 4-12 (9 pages)

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2한미연합훈련은 거래의 대상이 아니다

저자 : 임호영

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 15-20 (6 pages)

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3대일항쟁기 한국인의 항일 독립전쟁사상 연구

저자 : 김승기 ( Kim Seung-gi )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 23-61 (39 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to clarify the formation process, contents, achievements, and significance of the anti-Japanese' war of independence ideology of Koreans who had to restore the countrys independence from the Japanese colonial strength in the period of the Anti-Japanese struggle (1894-1945). The period of study is from 1894, when the Japanese troops inflicted an upset, to 1920, when the Battle of Bongo-dong and the Battle of Cheongsan-ri occurred.
The anti-Japanese Rightous Army struggle and the patriotic enlightenment movement were the two pillars of the independence movement for the restoration of national power and salvation.
The New People's Society, Korean name 'Shinminhoe', a representative independence movement organization in the period of the Anti-Japanese struggle, created the Anti-Japanese War of Independence Idea and the War of Independence Strategy' by dialectically integrating conflicting two ideas, the anti-Japanese Rightous Army struggle idea and the patriotic enlightenment movement idea.
From this point of view, it can be said that the Shinminhoe made a remarkable contribution to the history of the Korean people's anti-Japanese war of independence.
The core content of the War of Independence Strategy of the New People's Society is to locate an independent army base in the Manchuria area of Qing Dynasty, which is not covered by Japanese rule, and buy a certain area of land there to build a new Korean village. and establish some military schools to nurture independent army, establish independence army and train them, and seize the best opportunity and start a war of independence to achieve independence on their own.
The New People's Society led the movement to build an overseas independence base after Korea-Japan Consolidation Treaty, and became the driving force of waging the war of independence of the Independence Army in Manchuria. In addition, a number of the New People's Society executives participated in key positions of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, and adopted the Armed War of Independence Route as a government policy, and contributed significantly to the liberation of the motherland by guiding and controlling the Independence Army in Manchuria and the Korean Independence Army.

4한국의 국제평화활동 30주년 평가와 발전방안

저자 : 장삼열 ( Sam Yeol Jang )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 62-90 (29 pages)

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It has been 30 years since the Korean military began international peace operations. This paper analyzed the results and lessons learned of the Korean military's international peace operations over the past 30 years and suggested ways to develop Korea's peace operations.
The United Nations is actively engaged in peacekeeping operations for global peace. The UN changed its Force Generation policy and PCRS in 2015 to ensure rapid and dynamic mission performance. Recently, amid the shrinking of international peace operations due to the threat of COVID-19 pandemic, it is developing new concepts and contents of peace operations. The ROK government has sent more than 56,800 troops over the 30 years.
The ROK military has established a forbidden tower for peace operations as well as enhancing the status of the country through exemplary UN PKO, Multi-national Forces Peace operations(MNF PO) and Defense Cooperation Activities(DCA). The Korean military has accumulated practical experience, created a model for civil-affairs operations, and achieved extension of diplomatic power.
However, there are many things to develop, such as changing the paradigm of the deployment policy, improving organizations related to overseas dispatch, and overhauling related laws. In particular, it is time to prepare for international peace operations in line with the Post COVID-19 era.

5북한 핵위협 시나리오와 한국의 대응전략: 핵심지점 관리를 통한 “전방위 억제”

저자 : 손한별 ( Sohn Hanbyeol ) , 김병태 ( Kim Byungtae )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 91-123 (33 pages)

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North Korea has been continuing to strengthen its nuclear weapons even since 2018. It continued to develop nuclear capability and made it clear that it would not give up nuclear weapons. It is difficult to fully trust North Korea's denuclearizarion intentions, and the need has grown to prepare to deter the current and future nuclear capabilities that North Korea clearly possesses. The important question for South Korea is, “Is there a strategy to deter and respond to the threat of North Korea, which is overconfident in its capabilities and strengthening its offensive capabilities?” This paper argues for a “Full-Spectrum Deterrence” strategy. First of all, South Korea should shift to a deterrence-oriented strategy. Second, the authors present the concepts of “strategic paralysis” and “offensive denial” to achieve the strategic objective. Third, it calls for a re-establishment of priorities in the construction of military forces in terms of means, including core capability for retaliation, the completion of the missile defense cycle, and infrastructure capabilities. It also drew the deterrence of 'additional' nuclear development and nuclear use, and local provocations as critical points to deter the North Korean nuclear threat. The management of these key points will be able to deter North Korea's nuclear development and use of nuclear weapons, and ultimately pressure and induce North Korea's denuclearization.

6중국군의 전략지원부대가 한국안보에 미치는 영향과 시사점

저자 : 이창형 ( Changhyung Lee ) , 박남태 ( Nam Tae Park )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 124-145 (22 pages)

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This research aims at the analyses of Chinese Strategic Support Force(SSF) and its impacts and implications on Korean security. In 2015, Chinese military has established the Strategic Support Force. The backgrounds of establishing the force are to enhance of joint operation capability, facilitate the concept of informationized warfare, expand of geographical scope of Chinese military activities, implement of psychological warfare under informationized conditions. The SSF is composed of Space System and Network System Department, somewhat exclusive and independent each other, adding a few of general staff departments such as staff department and Political work department. The major mission of the SSF are strategic information support and information operation. The Space System Department controls and manages the Beidou(北斗) Satellite Position system, various military purpose satellites, and space related weapon systems. The Network System Department is responsible for cyber, electronic and psychological operations.
Based on these analysis, the authors argue that it has significant influences on Korean military as well as the U.S. Forces in Korea, directly and indirectly. SSF is able to monitor activities of Korean military by using ISR equipped satellites. Regarding electronic warfare, the SSF's manned and unmanned electronic aircraft allow them to collect the electronic intelligence about the major military equipment not only of the Korean military but of the U.S. Forces in Korea. In this regard, it is necessary for the Korean military to develop a more concrete responsive plan against SSF's activities.

7중국군의 정보화전쟁 수행능력 평가: 대만공격 사례를 중심으로

저자 : 박창희 ( Park Changhee )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 146-174 (29 pages)

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This article evaluates the informatized war capabilities of the PLA (People's Liberation Army). The year 2020 was the target year of the PLA to complete the 1st stage of defense and military modernization which aimed at achieving basic mechanizatin and informatization. Then, research questions are adresses as follows: what was the achievements of the PLA in preparing for informatized war?; Does the PLA have the proper capabilities to conduct informatized operation if military conflict or war breaks out?; what is the direction of the PLA's 2nd and 3rd stages of defense and military modernization in the future? At this current time, the PLA does not seem to have informatized war capabilities fully. Even though the PLA have made all efforts to modernize its equipment and reorganize military structure, its capabilities to implement informatized war are still remained at a rudimentary level. As this article argues, despite far-reaching improvements in its military modernization, the PLA can not assure a victory in a war with Taiwan if U.S. military intervenes. As a result, U.S. military will be a 'balancer' to deter war by China and maintain regional peace for the time being.

8국방시설분야의 4차 산업혁명 기술관련 현황파악

저자 : 임채연 ( Chayeon Lim ) , 박영준 ( Young-jun Park )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 175-198 (24 pages)

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The essence of 4th industrial revolution is not in the elemental technologies but in the a revolution in speed on the collection, analysis, and processing of data. In particular, the 4th industrial revolution in the construction and civil engineering is the realization of digital twin through digitalization of real world, processing of digital information, and realization of digital information. From this point of view, the status of defense facilities on domestic and foreign trends related to 4th industrial revolution technology are surveyed by interview in this study. Based on the management status, questionnaire survey to gather detailed opinions of the person in charge by life cycle is conducted. As a result, it was identified that BIM-based digital environment is needed in planning and design phase, and improved PMIS, internet-based data stores and servers is needed in construction and maintenance phase. The introduction of 4th industrial revolution technology in field of defense facilities is expected to be reviewed after establishing the digital environment as above. The results of this study are expected to be used to draw up the guidelines for applying 4th industrial revolution technology in the field of defense facilities in the future.

9시리아 내전의 역사적 기원과 분석

저자 : 임윤갑 ( Lim Yoon-kap )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 199-222 (24 pages)

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Syria has long history in ancient time and unfortunately became main battle groung among the imperial countries through history. After Syria got independence from French rule in 1946, she falled into political turmoil. They also fought against Israel four times, and in 1973, Syria prevailed in first stage of war however, Israel occupied Syrian territory. Furthermore, Muslim Brotherhood, which was main Islamic armed group rebelled against Syrian government making more unstable throughout the country.
On March 2011, civil demonstrations erupted in main city such as Damascus, which is capital city and Allepo because of economic crisis and political corruption. Additionally, various groups including Free Syrian Army and Sunni Allied Armed Groups, Arab Syrian Democratic Forces paticipated war against Syrian government and making situation worse.
It is difficult to anticipate Syran future, alreay more than 10 years lasting civil war. many experts and observers found main reasons of Syrian civil war from authoritarian regime. When current President Al-Assad inheritted power from his father who also was President, the expectation of change in Syrian people were huge. However, President Al- Assad broke his promse, and responded brutally.
Second, Islamization played great role in Syrian civil war. Islamic armed group took advantage of islamic ideal to achieve their goals and united people under the such ideal. Thrdly and finally, former US President Obama declared withdrawal of all US troops from middle east. It encourage islamic movement more vigously. It also reinforced by for President Trump's foreign policy so to speak, America First.
Most autocratic regime in the region showed that they can survive defeating islamic extremist as well as controlling people who want democracy. Unfortunately, the Arab spring does not come yet because of them.

10금성전투와 쿠이토 쿠아나발레(Cuito uanavale) 전투에 대한 비교 연구: 용병술 차원의 관점에서

저자 : 김정기 ( Kim Jeong-ki )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 105권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 223-242 (20 pages)

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Even though Korea is far from Angola in Africa, Korean war and Angolan war have many similarities. This thesis comparatively reinterpreted Gumsung and Cuito Cuanavale battles with the levels of war(strategic, operational, and tactical level). With studying reciprocal relations among strategic objectives, operational maneuvers, and tactical actions, this thesis compared the reasons and results of the two battles to extract the relative success or failure.
Despite the battle is a part of the war, the decisive battle influences on the war's whole scale. On the two Gumsung and Cuito Cuanavale battles in the period of ending wars, analyzing linkages for levels of warfare was useful to study factors of relative success or failure. As a result, COF excluded ROKF to sign KAA and ITF eliminated UNITA to join NYA harmonized operational maneuvers and tactical actions to strategic objectives. On the other hand, UNF and LBF failed to clear strategic objectives, rather tried to expand operations to strategic levels or respond operational maneuvers with tactical actions.
Consequently, a lesson learned from this study is that the relative success of battles come from clear strategic objectives supported by operational maneuvers and tactical actions. The lesson is almost a kind of military doctrine across all ages and countries was reconfirmed through this study. In addition, this case study took a important look at the hierarchy of 'Politics → Diplomacy → Military(Strategic → Operational → Tactical).' Because strategic objectives was effective when those aligned to the political purpose with diplomatic negotiations controlling levels of warfare during the period of ending wars.

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