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한국보건정보통계학회> 보건정보통계학회지> 우리나라 혼외 출생아의 조기분만과 저체중아 발생에 관한 연구: 2015-2018년

KCI등재

우리나라 혼외 출생아의 조기분만과 저체중아 발생에 관한 연구: 2015-2018년

Preterm Birth and Low Birth Weight in Extramarital Birth in Korea: 2015-2018 Years

박상화 ( Sang Hwa Park ) , 임달오 ( Dar Oh Lim )
  • : 한국보건정보통계학회
  • : 보건정보통계학회지 46권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 02월
  • : 82-87(6pages)
보건정보통계학회지

DOI


목차

서 론
연구 방법
연구 결과
고 찰
결 론
REFERENCES

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초록 보기

The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk of preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW) in babies born to unmarried parents (extramarital birth). Methods: This study used birth certificate data (1,523,594 births) from Korea Statistics, 2015-2018 years. Odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by logistic regression analyses to describe the risk of PTB and LBW in extramarital birth adjusted for maternal age, maternal education, infantile sex, and type of birth (singleton & multiple birth). Results: During this periods, the rate of extramarital birth was 1.9 percent in 2015-2018. The incidence of LBW was 8.4 percent in extramarital birth and 5.9 percent in marital birth. The rate of PTB in extramarital birth were 10.6 percent and 7.3 percent in marital birth. The LBW and PTB rate of extramarital birth (father listed on the birth certificate) was 7.4 percent and 9.1 percent, respectively. Among extramarital birth (father not listed on the birth certificate) was associated with increased risk of PTB (12.3%) and LBW (9.5%). Compared with LBW and PTB rate of marital birth, the odds ratio (OR) for LBW and PTB were 1.66 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI: 1.56-1.77) and 1.57 (95% CI: 1.49-1.67) for extramarital birth (father listed). Risk of LBW (OR: 2.14) and PTB (OR: 2.14) was higher in extramarital birth (father not listed) than that of marital birth. Conclusions: The babies born to unmarried parents was associated with increased risk of LBW and PTB, compared with those of marital birth. Risk of adversed pregnancy outcome was higher in extramarital birth (father not listed on the birth certificate). More study is required to understand the factors to adversed pregnancy outcome of extramarital status.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2022-500-000515967

간행물정보

  • : 의약학분야  > 예방의학및보건학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 2465-8014
  • : 2465-8022
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1976-2022
  • : 755


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47권1호(2022년 02월) 수록논문
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1빅 데이터를 이용한 국내의 성인 및 노인대상 작업치료 관련 연구: 체계적 고찰

저자 : 남상훈 ( Sanghun Nam ) , 배수영 ( Suyeong Bae ) , 홍익표 ( Ickpyo Hong )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 1-8 (8 pages)

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Objectives: This study systematically reviewed the literatures related to domestic occupational therapy and big data and suggested the need for changes in occupational therapy and big data research for adults and the older adults. Methods: From January 2010 to December 2020, Google Scholar, Korean Studies Information Service System, and Research Information Sharing Service were utilized to search for literatures related to occupational therapy and big data in South Korea. Results: Of the 954 searched literatures, 17 literatures were selected. Most of the literatures were the evidence level II (n=7, 41.2%), 7 (41.2%) literatures conducted with older adults, and 3 literatures (17.6%) utilized the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey as a big data source. Finally, in the literature, the research was conducted by selecting variables suitable for the subject from various panel surveys. Conclusions: In south Korea, panel surveys for each topic are being created and various variables are being collected. As a result, research in occupational therapy for adults and the elderly using big data became possible, making it possible to conduct various studies.

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2뇌졸중 환자의 재활을 위한 병원선택요인

저자 : 김미옥 ( Miok Kim ) , 김건엽 ( Keon-yeop Kim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 9-19 (11 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing selection for rehabilitation hospital in patients who have been diagnosed with stroke. Methods: This study included 169 stroke patients who were admitted to the top 5 hospitals with the highest recovery rate among 13 hospitals where the rehabilitation medicine is operated as the main medical department in Daegu Metropolitan City. The data was collected from 10 February, 2020 to 17 March, 2020, and the survey was conducted by the head of the hospital administration in each hospital for about a month through face to face. Results: Among the factors influencing selection for rehabilitation hospital after stroke, image factors were at the highest mean and standard deviation (3.83±0.74), following human factors (3.75±0.77), physical factors (3.57±0.89), efficiency factors (3.35±0.69), accessibility factors (3.11±1.00). In the demographic characteristics, human factors were considered important when selecting hospital in aged people over 70 years old (p<0.01). Efficiency factors and human factors were considered important if patients living outside Daegu (p<0.05), but accessibility factors were more important if patients living in Daegu (p<0.01). In the stroke related characteristics, the human factors were considered important in the shorter the disease period, and in the case of having swallowing disorders (p<0.05). When paralysis was affected on both sides (bilateral paralysis), physical factors were considered important (p<0.05), and efficiency factor was also considered important as the disease periods gets shorter (p<0.05). Efficiency factors and accessibility were important in the case of not having respiratory disorders compared to those with the respiratory disorders (p<0.05). The results of the factors for choosing a hospital according to the stroke diseases-related characteristics showed that human factors, physical factors, and hospital image factors were considered important in case of putting much of the efforts to gather hospital information (p<0.01). When the patients who had rehabilitation in the tertiary hospital prior to the current hospital admission, the physical factors were considered important (p<0.05). Conclusions: This study found that various factors were considered in patients who have been diagnosed with stroke, when selecting rehabilitation hospital after stroke. Therefore, it should be warranted to provide reliable and objective hospital information for stroke patients through establishing national level health system and sharing rehabilitation data so that the people can get effective rehabilitation at the right time.

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3간호대학생의 MBTI 성격유형에 따른 자아존중감, 스트레스 대처방식 및 회복탄력성 영향요인

저자 : 박정미 ( Jeong Mi Park )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 20-26 (7 pages)

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Objectives: This study aimed to identify the effects of self-esteem and stress coping styles on resilience in nursing students according to the Myers- Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Methods: A descriptive study was conducted. Data were collected from 205 nursing senior students and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results: In terms of self-esteem, social support-seeking stress coping style, and resilience, extroversion was significantly higher than introversion in MBTI preference. Among all factors, self-esteem had the greatest effect on resilience (r=0.53), followed by the emotion-focused coping style (r=-0.31) and the problem-focused coping style (r=0.23), with an explanation power of 57.1%. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that self-esteem is an essential factor affecting resilience. Thus, nursing intervention programs for improvement of resilience in nursing students should be considered by the degree of self-esteem based on the MBTI personality preference.

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4노인요양시설의 영양사 배치유무에 따른 영양관리 실태 비교

저자 : 권진희 ( Jin Hee Kwon ) , 황라일 ( Rah Il Hwang ) , 류재현 ( Jaehyeon Ryu )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-34 (8 pages)

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Objectives: The study was performed to compare the status of nutrition management with and without dietitian in residential facilities in order to provide basic data for high quality of nutrition management services across the country. Methods: Among long-term care facilities with claims of benefits, 747 samples were extracted through a proportionate stratified sampling method based on region, agents of foundation, types of food service, and facility size. Results: The subjects of the survey were dietitian, general managers, or facility directors. Nutrition evaluation, nutrition intervention, and nutrition monitoring were performed by professional staff at the residential facilities with a dietitian. On the other hand, it was found that the rate of nutrition management performance was relatively low in residential facilities where no dietitian was assigned, and it was performed by non-professional personnel such as nurse aids and social workers. Conclusions: The results of this study suggested that developing strategies is required to reinforce the safe minimal standard of dietitians' staffing levels for systematic nutrition management.

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5CEA 및 CA15-3 혈청 수준 기반 유방암 예후 예측 모델 개발 연구

저자 : 양희수 ( Hee Soo Yang ) , 권성욱 ( Seonguk Kwon ) , 이승희 ( Seunghee Lee ) , 이수현 ( Suehyun Lee ) , 김종엽 ( Jong-yeup Kim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 35-47 (13 pages)

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목적: CEA와 CA15-3 혈청 수준은 유방암 환자의 예후를 예측하기 위해 사용되며, 본 연구에서는 이를 활용하여 유방암 예후 예측 모델을 개발하고자 한다.
방법: 2012년 1월부터 2019년 12월까지 유방암을 진단받은 639명의 환자를 대상으로 분석하였다. CEA와 CA15-3 검사 정보를 포함하는 20개의 변수를 선정하여 예후 예측 모델 개발을 위해 인공신경망, 랜덤 포레스트, 서포트 벡터 머신, 로지스틱 회귀 총 4개의 기계학습 알고리즘을 활용하였다.
결과: 환자군(n= 63)과 대조군(n=576) 간에 CEA와 CA15-3 혈청 수준과 나이, 고혈압 및 당뇨병을 제외한 다른 질병의 병력, 화학요법 및 약물요법일 시행한 경우에서 통계적으로 유의미한 차이가 보였다. 유방암 예후 예측 모델에 대한 인공신경망 모델의 민감도와 특이 도는 각각 26.7%, 92.6%로 확인되었다.
결론: Shapley 부가 설명 모델 활용 결과, 유방암 예후 예측 모델에서 가장 중요한 변수는 CEA와 CA15-3 혈청 수준으로 확인되었다. 결과적으로 본 연구에서 제안된 인공신경망 기반 기계학습 모델과 종양표지자 혈청 수치는 유방암 예후 예측에 유용하게 작용될 것이라고 기대된다.


Objectives: Serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen and cancer antigen 15-3 tumor markers are used for breast cancer prognosis. This study developed a breast cancer prognosis prediction model. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data of 639 patients diagnosed between January 2012 and December 2019. We selected 20 independent variables with carcinoembryonic antigen and cancer antigen 15-3 serum levels and employed four machine-learning algorithms for the model: artificial neural network, random forest, support vector machine, and logistic regression. Results: Significant differences in carcinoembryonic antigen and cancer antigen 15-3 serum levels, age, history of other diseases excluding hypertension and diabetes mellitus, chemotherapy, and drug therapy were noted between control (n=576) and case groups (n=63). The sensitivity and specificity of the artificial neural network model for prognosis prediction were 26.7% and 92.6%, respectively. Conclusions: Carcinoembryonic antigen and cancer antigen 15-3 serum levels were the most significant variables for developing a breast cancer prognosis prediction model using the Shapley additive explanations model. The proposed machine-learning model and tumor marker serum levels may be useful for breast cancer prognosis.

KCI등재

6임상간호사의 COVID-19 백신 접종 의도에 대한 영향요인

저자 : 최연희 ( Yeonhui Choe ) , 차지은 ( Jieun Cha )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 48-56 (9 pages)

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Objectives: This study investigated psychosocial factors that influence nurse's intention to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. We focused on factors including COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes and beliefs related to COVID-19 vaccines, social contexts, and demographics. Methods: Data were collected from 200 nurses at five hospitals in Daegu between 12 April and 19 June 2021. We assessed COVID-19 knowledge, perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, safety concerns, COVID-19 exposure, demographics, and the intention to get COVID-19 vaccines. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and hierarchial multiple regression. Results: Of 200 participants, 180 (90.0%) reported an intention to obtain a vaccination against COVID-19. Among four health beliefs towards COVID-19 vaccines, perceived severity was the highest. Perceived benefits (r=0.42, p<0.001) were positively associated with vaccination intention, while perceived barriers (r=-0.32, p<0.001) and safety concerns (r=-0.20, p<0.001) negatively influenced vaccination intention. There were differences in the scores for vaccination intention according to hospital grade and work department. According to the regression analysis, perceived benefits and barriers were discovered to account for 21% of the variance in vaccination intention. Conclusions: This study offers a timely overview of psychosocial factors that are related to nurses' intention to get vaccinated for COVID-19. The vaccines' benefits need to be highlighted in campaigns and educations, and it is imperative to remain transparent and truthful in communications about the vaccine safety.

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7정신질환이 동반된 입원환자의 특성과 주진단과의 연관성

저자 : 김성수 ( Sung-soo Kim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 57-65 (9 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of the principal diagnosis among hospitalized patients with mental disorders and to investigate the association between the principal diagnosis and mental diseases as comorbidity. Methods: The subjects of this study were patients with mental disorders, regardless of the main diagnosis, among the Korean National Hospital Discharge In-depth Injury Survey (KNHDS) from 2006 to 2018. Frequency analysis was performed on the general characteristics, principal diagnosis, and mental disorders of the study subjects. The association between the principal diagnosis and mental diseases was analyzed for patterns using association rule mining (ARM). Results: The main result is that liver diseases are fairly associated with behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use. And then organic, including symptomatic, and mental disorders are associated with cerebrovascular diseases, Influenza and pneumonia, and other degenerative diseases of the nervous system. Mood disorders are linked to poisoning by drugs, medicaments, and biological substances. Conclusions: It is necessary to raise awareness of mental diseases and to build a care cooperative system between diseases that are highly associated. It will be possible to monitor key association rules and apply them to clinical decision-making systems.

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8중소병원 간호사의 안전문화인식, 간호근무환경, 전문직 자아개념이 환자안전간호활동에 미치는 영향

저자 : 조영옥 ( Young Ok Cho ) , 김명수 ( Myoung Soo Kim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 66-73 (8 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influencing factors of perceived safety culture, nursing work environment, and professional self-concept on patient safety care activities of nurse in small-medium sized hospitals. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used. Participants were 186 nurses in seven small-medium sized hospitals of a metropolitan city, in Korea. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. Results: The influencing factors of the patient safety care activities were perceived patient safety culture and professional self-concept. These two factors explained for 15.1% of the patient safety acre activities. Conclusions: Based on the result of this study, it is necessary to build a good patient safety culture and to develop a positive professional self-concept. The establishment of a positive safety culture should be prioritized to quickly recognized and sensitively accept problems related to patient safety and actively carry out patient safety nursing activity. In order to improve the professional self-concept, it is necessary to increase the social performance for voluntary cooperation and to recognize the self-categorization that the group to which one belongs is distinguished from other groups.

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9확산 모형에 의한 첨단 영상진단 의료기기 수요확산의 특성 분석 및 수요예측에 관한 연구

저자 : 김수범 ( Su-beom Kim ) , 김태구 ( Taegu Kim ) , 임달오 ( Daroh Lim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 47권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 74-78 (5 pages)

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Objectives: In this study, we explore the demand forecasting of Advanced Diagnostic imaging Equipment. Methods: The analysis was based on logistic diffusion model. We analyze the specific pattern of each equipment's diffusion curve by interpreting the parameter estimates of logistic diffusion model. Results: Our findings are follows. First, Computed tomography is in the stage of saturation and so, the future demands of that is not too large. Second, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is expected that it will take about 5 years to reach saturation, and further growth is expected to continue. Third, Positron emission tomography (PET) has been shown to be saturated, and therefore, it is not expected that there will be a rapid increase in demand in the future. However, since demand data has been declining since 2000, it is said that additional data collection is required to reliably predict future demand. Conclusions: As a result of analyzing the demand for three major advanced diagnostic imaging equipment, it was found that the domestic market is generally in saturation. Therefore, a future research task will be to predict and analyze the demand for advanced diagnostic imaging equipment in consideration of the government's policy changes.

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1임상시험을 위한 연구계획서의 오류에 대한 고찰

저자 : 이휘승 ( Hui Seung Lee ) , 임지연 ( Chi-yeon Lim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-7 (7 pages)

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Statistics are essential for clinical trials, and it is very important to have an accurate understanding of the purpose of the study and to apply the appropriate statistical design or methodology. Prior to conducting a clinical trial, the research protocol requires approval from the IRB (Institutional Review Board) or regulatory agency approval, and contains a variety of contents. The research protocol conducts clinical trials according to GCP (Good Clinical Practice) and describe clinical design and statistical methodologies for demonstrate the efficacy and safety of new drug or new medical devices using the obtained data in clinical trials. At this time, statistical design is applied for the protocol based on the primary study objective. The primary study objective is to influence the selection of primary endpoint to evaluate this, the sample size, the technique of minimizing the bias, the statistical analysis and method of testing the statistical hypothesis. However, statistical errors and contradictions are easy to find in the study protocol and the same errors are repeated many times, so in this paper we aim to avoid these errors in clinical studies and apply them correctly in clinical trials, intended to be helpful in derives scientific design, validity, and reliable results.

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2응급의료 취약지 거주가 심근경색증 증상 인지에 미치는 영향

저자 : 조미래 ( Mirae Jo ) , 오희영 ( Heeyoung Oh ) , 장석용 ( Suk-yong Jang )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 8-18 (11 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the awareness level of myocardial infarction (MI) symptoms for the residents in the underserved and deserved emergency medical services areas and verify the effect of the existence of residence in the underserved emergency medical services areas on the awareness of MI symptoms. Methods: This is a cross sectional study by using the data of the 2017 Korea Community Health Survey. The residence in the underserved emergency medical services areas is defined as being targeted to the residents in 101 areas notified in 『Emergency Medical Service Act』. The awareness of MI symptoms was classified as being aware of all five items of MI symptoms. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are computed by multivariable logistic regression. Results: Of the total 195,246 subjects, 43.6% were aware of MI symptoms (43.7% and 43.6% of underserved and deserved emergency medical services areas, respectively). The residence in the underserved emergency medical services areas was associated with the awareness of MI symptoms (aOR 1.15, 95% CI=1.11-1.18). In addition, this study has found that gender, age, education level, income level, occupation, subjective stress level, drinking frequency, current smoking, and diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes were factors influencing the awareness of MI symptoms. Conclusions: Continuous efforts are needed to increase the awareness of MI symptoms for the residents in the underserved and deserved emergency medical services areas. Education and promotion should be conducted in consideration of gender, age, education level, income level, and occupation to improve the awareness of MI symptoms.

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3임상간호사의 투약오류에 영향을 미치는 요인

저자 : 김준규 ( Junekyu Kim ) , 송영숙 ( Yeoungsuk Song ) , 서순림 ( Soon Rim Suh )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 19-27 (9 pages)

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The aim of this study was to identify predictive factors (fatigue, labor intensity, quality of sleep, and job stress) of medication errors in clinical nurses to improve patients' safety. Methods: The participants of this study were 148 female nurses who have clinical experience for more than 1 year at K hospital and pregnant nurses among them were excluded. The data were collected from February 27th to March 20th, 2019. The measurements of medication errors, fatigue, labor intensity, quality of sleep, and job stress were used. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis using IBM SPSS/WIN 23.0. Results: The predictive factors associated with nurses' medication errors were clinical experience (β=-0.41), fatigue (β=0.31), work department emergency room (β=0.28), work department surgery ward (β=0.25), and job stress (β=0.23). The results showed that the nurses who had less clinical experience and felt more fatigue or job stress, were likely to have more medication errors. Also, the nurses who work in emergency room or surgery units, experience more medication errors. Conclusions: Clinical experience, fatigue, work area-emergency room, work area-surgery word and job stress were the main influential factors on medication errors of clinic nurse. Theses influential factors should be integrally considered in nursing management to decrease medication errors. Especially, it is needed to develop a programs that can indirectly improve clinical experience to prevent medication errors.

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465세 이상 고령자에서 비만과 악력의 상호작용이 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향: 제7기(2016-2018) 국민건강 영양조사 자료를 기반으로

저자 : 현승재 ( Seungjae Hyun ) , 우다래 ( Darae Woo ) , 박상신 ( Sangshin Park )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 28-35 (8 pages)

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The aim of this study is to determine interaction between obesity and grip strength in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Methods: This study analyzed the data of 4,119 Korean men and women aged 65 years or older who participated in Korea Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2016-2018. Body mass index was divided into normal and obesity. Grip strength was defined as the maximum value of the measured data. Sarcopenia was considered as the average of grip strength less than 26 kg in men and 18 kg in women. HRQOL was measured based on the Euro quality of life-5 dimensions questionnaire. We conducted a linear regression analysis to examine interaction effect between obesity and grip strength, and to estimate the interaction term between obesity and sarcopenia in HRQOL. Results: We identified that obesity interacted with grip strength to affect HRQOL (p=0.022) in aged people. Obese elderly men and women were more likely to have lower HRQOL scores compared to those who had normal weight among participants with low grip strength values. However, there was no significant difference between obesity and normal weight at high grip strength (34.3 kg- 52.7 kg) in HRQOL significantly (p=0.41). Moreover, we identified interaction effect between obesity and sarcopenia (p=0.019). Participants who had sarcopenia with normal weight were not different from those who were obese in HRQOL (p=0.61). Conclusions: Obesity and grip strength were associated with HRQOL. Also, those two factors were interacted to affect HRQOL. Obesity was interacted with sarcopenia to shape HRQOL. Therefore, we need to give a more attention to the elderly who were obese with low grip strength.

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5간호대학생의 건강신념, 안전동기, 안전환경이 감염관리 표준주의 수행도에 미치는 영향

저자 : 송영숙 ( Yeoungsuk Song ) , 변소혜 ( So Hae Byun ) , 강선영 ( Sun Yeong Kang ) , 정다민 ( Da Min Jeong ) , 최유진 ( Yu Jin Choi ) , 장지원 ( Ji Won Jang ) , 한예령 ( Ye Ryeong Han ) , 이정훈 ( Jung-hoon Lee )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 36-43 (8 pages)

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This study was conducted to investigate the effect of health beliefs, safety motivations, and safety-climate on the performance of taking standard precautions of nursing college students with clinical practice experience. Methods: The subjects of this study were 173 students in the 3rd and 4th grades of nursing college located in Daegu Metropolitan City with clinical practice experience, and data were collected from September 7th to September 25th, 2020 using a structured questionnaire. Results: As a result of the study, the health belief of nursing college students was 3.60 (±0.75) points, safety motivation 22.40 (±5.33) points, safety-climate 4.79 (±1.90) points, and the performance of taking standard precautions was 3.21 (±0.63) points. Hierarchical regression analysis was performed with the presence or absence of infection management education, health belief, safety motivation, and safety-climate as independent variables to identify the factors that affect the performance of taking standard precautions. Factors affecting the performance of taking standard precautions are health belief (β=0.33, p=0.003), safety motivation (β=0.28, p=0.003), safety-climate (β=0.20, p=0.009). Conclusions: According to this study, health belief, safety motivation, and safety-climate influenced the performance of taking standard precautions. These results suggest that it is necessary to emphasize the importance of practicing standardism, motivate nursing students, and provide a safer hospital practice environment in order to improve the performance of taking standard precaution when nursing college students are in hospital practice.

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6우리나라 성인 여성의 골다공증 위험도 평가점수 모형 개발

저자 : 박일수 ( Ilsu Park )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 44-53 (10 pages)

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The aim of the study was to develop the osteoporosis risk scorecard model in korean adult women aged over 30 years old. Methods: The participants of the study were 11,427 adult women aged over 30 years old who participated in the four years of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015-2018). The data were analyzed using Rao-Scott chi-square test and weighted multiple logistic regression analysis of complex sampling design. The osteoporosis risk scorecard model was developed by weighted multiple logistic regression using points to double the odds (PDO) method. Results: This study found that there were many major influencing factors for osteoporosis which included household income, educational level, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, hypercholesterolemia, sarcopenia, menopause and age of menarche. In the scorecard results, the highest score range was observed in the order menopause, age of menarche (16-17 years old), educational level (elementary school or below), rheumatoid arthritis BMI (<18.5 kg/m2) and others, suggesting that these were the most important risk factors. Conclusions: The significance of this study is that it comprehensively grasps the causal relationship between osteoporosis and various factors in korean adult women. Also, it can be used as a useful measurement tool for women's musculoskeletal health management in health-related organizations by scoring this relationship.

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7코로나19 팬데믹 상황에서 국내 지역사회 노인들의 우울감 영향 요인

저자 : 서부덕 ( Boo Deuk Suh ) , 권경희 ( Kyoung Hee Kwon )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 54-63 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing on depression among elderlies of activity of daily living, participation of social activity, loneliness, stress in COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey using convenience sampling. Data collection was done using self-report questionnaire of 142 elderlies in D city and K province. Collected data were analyzed using percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, step-wise multiple regression. Results: Total mean scores of activity of daily living was 3.66±0.52, total mean scores of participation of social activity was 2.77±0.58, total mean scores of loneliness was 2.09±0.43 and total mean scores of participation of depression was 9.97±4.45. Depression was showed significantly positive correlation with loneliness (r=0.67, p<0.001), stress (r=0.10, p=0.260). Depression was showed significantly negative correlation with activity of daily living (r=-0.49, p<0.001), participation of social activity (r=-0.54, p<0.001). In the step-wise multiple regression analysis, loneliness, activity of daily living were significant predictors and explained 54% of depression. Loneliness was the biggest predictor of depression. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that loneliness and activity of daily living are significant factors affecting the depression of elderlies in the South Korea community in COVID-19 pandemic.

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8계획된 행위이론에 근거한 대학생의 인플루엔자 예방접종 행위의도 관련 요인

저자 : 채여주 ( Yeojoo Chae ) , 김선주 ( Sunjoo Kim ) , 양승경 ( Seungkyoung Yang )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 64-71 (8 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that affect the influenza vaccination intention in university students based on theory of planned behavior. Methods: The data were collected total 149 university students in the G region who agreed to participate in the study from September 21 to September 29, 2020 by using self reported questionnaires. Date were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression with the SPSS 23.0 program. Results: The mean score of attitude toward influenza vaccine was 6.06±1.03, subjective norm was 5.90±1.19, perceived behavioral control was 5.85±0.96, intention was 5.71±1.35. Intention to influenza vaccine showed a significantly positive correlation with attitude (r=0.62, p<0.001), subjective norms (r=0.50, p<0.001), perceived behavioral control (r=0.48, p<0.001). The influence the intent to influenza vaccination in university students were attitude (β=0.47, p<0.001), subjective norm (β=0.18, p=0.032). The explanatory power of these variables was 43.0%. Conclusions: In order to improve the influenza vaccination rate of university students, positive attitude toward influenza vaccination should be made first, and efforts should be made to improve the purpose of vaccination by meaningful people around them through interest in vaccination and positive awareness.

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9사람유두종 바이러스 백신 미접종 관련 요인: 미국 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용한 단면연구

저자 : 김민주 ( Min-ju Kim ) , 임은선 ( Eunsun Lim ) , 박상신 ( Sangshin Park ) , 최남경 ( Nam-kyong Choi )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 72-81 (10 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination proportion and the factors associated with HPV non-vaccination according to the characteristics of Americans. Methods: The 2015-2018 National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) data were analyzed. The subjects aged 9 to 26 were divided into subgroups according to age and sex. Results: The meaningful variables influencing HPV vaccination included birth country, health insurance, hepatitis A vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, routine place to go for healthcare and times receive healthcare last year. The factors associated with HPV non-vaccination were income, hepatitis A vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine and times receive healthcare last year. Conclusions: This study was based on a survey of Americans, so the factors associated with HPV non-vaccination may differ from those of Koreans.

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10우리나라 혼외 출생아의 조기분만과 저체중아 발생에 관한 연구: 2015-2018년

저자 : 박상화 ( Sang Hwa Park ) , 임달오 ( Dar Oh Lim )

발행기관 : 한국보건정보통계학회 간행물 : 보건정보통계학회지 46권 1호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 82-87 (6 pages)

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The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk of preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW) in babies born to unmarried parents (extramarital birth). Methods: This study used birth certificate data (1,523,594 births) from Korea Statistics, 2015-2018 years. Odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by logistic regression analyses to describe the risk of PTB and LBW in extramarital birth adjusted for maternal age, maternal education, infantile sex, and type of birth (singleton & multiple birth). Results: During this periods, the rate of extramarital birth was 1.9 percent in 2015-2018. The incidence of LBW was 8.4 percent in extramarital birth and 5.9 percent in marital birth. The rate of PTB in extramarital birth were 10.6 percent and 7.3 percent in marital birth. The LBW and PTB rate of extramarital birth (father listed on the birth certificate) was 7.4 percent and 9.1 percent, respectively. Among extramarital birth (father not listed on the birth certificate) was associated with increased risk of PTB (12.3%) and LBW (9.5%). Compared with LBW and PTB rate of marital birth, the odds ratio (OR) for LBW and PTB were 1.66 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI: 1.56-1.77) and 1.57 (95% CI: 1.49-1.67) for extramarital birth (father listed). Risk of LBW (OR: 2.14) and PTB (OR: 2.14) was higher in extramarital birth (father not listed) than that of marital birth. Conclusions: The babies born to unmarried parents was associated with increased risk of LBW and PTB, compared with those of marital birth. Risk of adversed pregnancy outcome was higher in extramarital birth (father not listed on the birth certificate). More study is required to understand the factors to adversed pregnancy outcome of extramarital status.

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