논문 상세보기

한국몽골학회> 몽골학> 카단(Qadan)의 고려 침입 전후(前後) 상황과 고려 대원올로스 연합군의 대응

KCI등재

카단(Qadan)의 고려 침입 전후(前後) 상황과 고려 대원올로스 연합군의 대응

A Situation Before and After Qadan’s Invasion of Koryŏ and a Response of the Allied Forces between Koryŏ Dayuan(大元) ulus

류병재 ( Yoo Byungjae )
  • : 한국몽골학회
  • : 몽골학 64권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2021년 02월
  • : 131-152(22pages)

DOI


목차

1. 서론
2. 카단의 반란 전후(前後) 상황
3. 카단의 고려 침입과 고려 대원올로스 연합군의 대응
4. 결론
참고문헌

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This study examined specifically about what the cause and purpose of the Qadan (哈丹) faction’s invasion of Koryŏ and about a countermeasure of the Koryŏ Royal Court and the Dayuan(大元) ulus following the invasion of Koryŏ.
The rebellion by the Princes of Eastern ulus under Nayan(乃顔) turned out a failure in 1287. But Qadan, who rallied the remnants of the party, continued to proceed with the revolt. Qadan’s insurrection can be divided largely into two things. In the first place, it is the period of having fought back Dayuan ulus in the eastern parts of Mongolia with succeeding to Nayan’s uprising. It belongs to the term between the year in 1287 with the beginning of Nayan’s rebellion and the year in 1289. The Princes of Eastern ulus who are being based in eastern Mongolia such as Nayan and Qadan played a great role in Qubilai's reign. However, Qubilai's walking after seizing the power of the Great Khan was what strengthened the centralization of power and controlled the decentralization through the Branch Secretariats(xing zhongshusheng, 行中書省). It was experienced that Nayan was killed in a failed revolt and that the forces under his command were scattered. Yet Qadan and his factions, who judged that there is nothing but to lose the control and the power in eastern Mongolia, which had been continued for generations since the Genghis Khan period, could not help keeping challenging the Great Khan Qubilai.
In the second period, the rebellion activity in eastern Mongolia resulted in having been blocked by the Dayuan ulus army. And the Qadan power that took a big hit ended in entering Koryŏ with invasion. The Qadan power that attacked to enter Koryŏ in the 16th year of King Chungnyeol(忠烈王) was enough to restore nightmare on the former Yeke Mongol ulus’s invasion of Koryŏ. The invasion of Koryŏ by the Mongolian Armed Forces was threatening enough for the Koryŏ Royal Court to have planned ‘relocation of the government to Gang’hwa’ once again as soon as they invaded and came in. Nevertheless, a relationship between Koryŏ and Dayuan ulus during the reign of King Chungnyeol was close, thereby having militarily had a very cooperative relationship such as what both sides mutually lavish the military support arms. The Qadan army, which had advanced southward to Wonju and Chungju regions from northeastern Koryŏ, was finally destroyed in Yeongi area in May of 1291 by the allied forces between Koryŏ·Mongolia.

UCI(KEPA)

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 동양사
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-7097
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1993-2021
  • : 695


저작권 안내

한국학술정보㈜의 모든 학술 자료는 각 학회 및 기관과 저작권 계약을 통해 제공하고 있습니다.

이에 본 자료를 상업적 이용, 무단 배포 등 불법적으로 이용할 시에는 저작권법 및 관계법령에 따른 책임을 질 수 있습니다.

발행기관 최신논문
| | | | 다운로드

1거란대자(契丹大字) 자료(資料)와 연구현황(硏究現況)

저자 : 이성규 ( Lee Seonggyu )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 7-45 (39 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The study of the Khitan Large Scripts is important for the study of the Khitan Small Scripts, Khitan language, Khitan history, and Khitan culture. However, there are not many data on the Khitan Large Scripts, and access to the data is limited, so there are many difficulties in the study. There are about 20 materials such as the Epitaph and Mural letter, and about 60 other materials. However, data of the Khitan Large Scripts are still being discovered steadily, so this number is expected to increase.
When the Khitan Large Scripts was first enacted, it is known that about 3,000 characters were enacted. Since many variant letters are included, the actual number may decrease. In addition, the Khitan Large Scripts is recognized as a syllable pinyin character with ideology, and in recent studies, letters with phonemic characteristics also appear.
Since the estimate of the sound price of the Khitan Large Scripts is currently 240 characters, it is analyzed about 10% compared to the number of characters. In the future, it will be possible to analyze more characters through comparisons with the Epitaph, the history of Khitan, and comparisons with the Jurchen characters. In order to deepen the study of the Khitan Large Scripts, it is necessary to index the Khitan Large Scripts vocabulary.
The analysis of the grammatical form of the Khitan Large Scripts is at the beginning. Although research on the grammatical form of the Khitan Small Script is still insufficient, some of the grammatical forms of the Khitan Small Script have been revealed.
Compared to the Khitan Small Script, the Khitan Large Scripts has less research manpower and research data. The study of the Khitan characters originated from the Khitan Small Script, but by default, the Khitan Large Scripts are not easy to interpret because they are close to syllable characters rather than phoneme. It is also because of the characteristics of characters that are difficult to access without knowledge of Chinese characters. However, I believe that the day when the data related to the Khitan Large Scripts will be supplemented and the research on the Khitan Small Script is deepened, the day when the interpretation of the Khitan Large Scripts will take place will not be long.

2동북아 소수민족의 '메르겐 문학'의 관점에서 본 고구려 <주몽신화>의 신화적 성격

저자 : 최원오 ( Choi Wonoh )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 47-102 (56 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper comprehensively understands Mergen literature, such as Yimakan, Mosukun, and Uchin, which have been handed down from the Hezhe, Oroqen, and Dawoer ethnic minorities living in the Heilong River(黑龍江) and Songhua River(松花江) basins in Northeast Asia. It is intended to a new understanding of the mythological status and character of Jumong Myth. As a result of consideration, it can be seen that the Jumong Myth is an ancient document that shows the correlation with Mergen literature in Northeast Asia. In this regard, the Jumong Myth can be an important medium when grasping the history and characteristics of Mergen literature such as Yimakan, Mosukun, and Uchin, which have been handed down by the Hezhe, Elunchun, and Dawoer ethnic minorities. In addition, the Jumong Myth is a 'founding myth' based on the Northeast Asian Mergen literature, which can define its mythical character. Focusing on the protagonist Mergen, Jumong can be defined as a shamanic hero. Therefore, taking into account all these points, the Jumong Myth could be defined as a myth that epicized the process of a shamanic hero to a founding hero, that is, a myth that layered religious and political elements.

3하이산과 <몽골신문>

저자 : 이평래 ( Lee Pyungrae )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 105-129 (25 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Gustaf John Ramstedt(1873-1950), a prominent Finnish linguist, visited Mongolia three times in total. When he came to Mongolia for the second time in 1909, he met Khaisan, a national activist from Inner Mongolia. His travel notes, published decades later, described in considerable detail the meeting with Khaisan in 1909. One of them is that Khaisan was involved in the publication of the Mongolian Newspaper(Mongγul-un sonin bičig), which was founded in Harbin in 1909. The basis for this is not clear, but from the early 1960s some Mongolian scholars have suggested that Khaisan served as editor of Mongolian Newspaper. Since then, Mongolian and foreign scholars have accepted this opinion with little doubt. Recently, however, some researchers have raised strong questions about this opinion based on the lack of data. Therefore, I examined whether Khaisan was really involved in the editing or publishing of Mongolian Newspaper, focusing on the research of scholars.
Specifically, we looked at the research results of Mongolian scholars, including Deleg's research in the 1960s, and Inner Mongolian scholars including Khökhbaatar's research one by one. However, none of the existing researchers came up with a convincing conclusion to my question. The biggest reason is the lack of relevant data. In fact, Ramstedt's testimony is the only one that directly mentions the relationship between Khaisan and the Mongolian newspaper. As several scholars have mentioned, Khaisan's name is not in the report of the Japanese Consulate in Harbin, which left the most detailed information on the editing, publication, and journalists of the Mongolian newspaper. So what I have noticed is Russian data. Among them, the most interesting material I looked at was the memoirs of Russian scholar A.V. Burdukov(1883-1943) who witnessed the situation in Mongolia in the early 20th century while staying for a long time in western Mongolia.
Burdukov met Khaisan in the summer of 1912 who participated in the Mongolian New Government Army's Khovd Liberation Battle. In his newspaper contributions and later memoirs, he details his meeting with Khaisan and the situation in Khovd. One of them is information that Khaisan was the editor of the Mongolian newspaper. This information, including Ramstedt's testimony, is the first to directly mention the relationship between Khaisan and the Mongolian Newspaper. The author concluded that it was true that Khaisan was involved in the publication of the Mongolian newspaper based on the research of previous scholars and the data provided by Burdukov et al. Of course, nothing has been revealed about how he was specifically involved in the publication of the Mongolian newspaper. This issue will have to be elucidated through future studies of Khaisan's activities in Harbin, known as the darkest period of life.

4카단(Qadan)의 고려 침입 전후(前後) 상황과 고려 대원올로스 연합군의 대응

저자 : 류병재 ( Yoo Byungjae )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 131-152 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This study examined specifically about what the cause and purpose of the Qadan (哈丹) faction's invasion of Koryŏ and about a countermeasure of the Koryŏ Royal Court and the Dayuan(大元) ulus following the invasion of Koryŏ.
The rebellion by the Princes of Eastern ulus under Nayan(乃顔) turned out a failure in 1287. But Qadan, who rallied the remnants of the party, continued to proceed with the revolt. Qadan's insurrection can be divided largely into two things. In the first place, it is the period of having fought back Dayuan ulus in the eastern parts of Mongolia with succeeding to Nayan's uprising. It belongs to the term between the year in 1287 with the beginning of Nayan's rebellion and the year in 1289. The Princes of Eastern ulus who are being based in eastern Mongolia such as Nayan and Qadan played a great role in Qubilai's reign. However, Qubilai's walking after seizing the power of the Great Khan was what strengthened the centralization of power and controlled the decentralization through the Branch Secretariats(xing zhongshusheng, 行中書省). It was experienced that Nayan was killed in a failed revolt and that the forces under his command were scattered. Yet Qadan and his factions, who judged that there is nothing but to lose the control and the power in eastern Mongolia, which had been continued for generations since the Genghis Khan period, could not help keeping challenging the Great Khan Qubilai.
In the second period, the rebellion activity in eastern Mongolia resulted in having been blocked by the Dayuan ulus army. And the Qadan power that took a big hit ended in entering Koryŏ with invasion. The Qadan power that attacked to enter Koryŏ in the 16th year of King Chungnyeol(忠烈王) was enough to restore nightmare on the former Yeke Mongol ulus's invasion of Koryŏ. The invasion of Koryŏ by the Mongolian Armed Forces was threatening enough for the Koryŏ Royal Court to have planned 'relocation of the government to Gang'hwa' once again as soon as they invaded and came in. Nevertheless, a relationship between Koryŏ and Dayuan ulus during the reign of King Chungnyeol was close, thereby having militarily had a very cooperative relationship such as what both sides mutually lavish the military support arms. The Qadan army, which had advanced southward to Wonju and Chungju regions from northeastern Koryŏ, was finally destroyed in Yeongi area in May of 1291 by the allied forces between Koryŏ·Mongolia.

5≪晉書吐谷渾傳≫史源探析

저자 : 曹磊 ( Cao Lei )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 153-167 (15 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The Biography of Tuyuhun in Book of Jin has always been valued by researchers, but its historical origin still remains to be studied. Compared with the Biography of Tuyuhun in Book of Song, Book of Southern Qi, Book of Wei, History of Northern Dynasties, Comprehensive Documents and historical materials about Tuyuhun in Zizhi Tongjian, some clues may be sorted out. The research shows that the Biography of Tuyuhun and Shazhou Chorography written by Duan Guo of Liu Song Dynasty which have been lost for a long time, are probably one of the historical origins of the Biography of Tuyuhun in Book of Jin.

6清末放垦政策对察哈尔镶黄旗和镶黄旗牧场的影响

저자 : 安宁 ( An Ning )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 169-180 (12 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The Chahar Bordered yellow Banner which affiliated to the capital of Chahar was connected with the Bordered Banner ranch affiliated to the Imperial Household, both of which were located on the left wing of The Chahar. Their residence grazing land was mostly located in the present Zhangbei、Kangbao County of Hebei Province and large part of Xianghuang qi in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Territory, and partly located in Shangyi County of Hebei Province, Shangdu County of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and some areas of huade County. Although the above-mentioned area was the nomadic place of Chahar Mongolia, a small number of Han people have been cultivated In these pastures since the middle and early Qing Dynasty, especially after the reclamation policy in the late Qing Dynasty, most of Han farmers poured into this area.because of its geographical location was adjacent to the Han land. This paper is divided into three parts. The first part briefly describes the reclamation of this area before the reclamation policy in the late Qing Dynasty; The second part combs out the process of reclamation in this area.; The third part analyzes the influence of reclamation.

7울란바토르 지역 간 격차의 변화 양상 -울란바토르 내 6구의 Khoroo를 단위로-

저자 : 김준희 ( Kim Junhee ) , 안상경 ( An Sangkyung )

발행기관 : 한국몽골학회 간행물 : 몽골학 64권 0호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 183-211 (29 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper is an attempt to confirm the widening and complexity of regional gaps in the city as time passes in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, which experienced a change in the market economy. After the implementation of the market economy, Mongolian society experienced the concentration of population to Ulaanbaatar, the housing shortage, and the deterioration of the residential environment, and the Mongolian government sought to provide housing through regional development. However, the housing supply through such a development is likely to amplify the spatial gap between the existing Ger district and urban areas, leading to social and economic gaps beyond the physical gap, leading to social exclusion.
The analysis of the regional gap between Khoroo in each of Ulaanbaatar's six districts showed that the physical improvement of the Ger district, identified by the infrastructure supply rate, was not significant, and the physical gap between the Ger district and the city was still intact. Rather, due to the development of new towns, income and educational background gaps between new and existing cities with good location conditions were found in the form of new regional gaps. In addition, the regional gap between each Khoroo in Ulaanbaatar tends to widen from physical to social and economic aspects, such as the supply of infrastructure within the region, such as the educational background of local residents and average wage income. Ulaanbaatar's suburban development has not been achieved in the most needed Ger district, and has been driven by its economic feasibility, increasing the regional gap in Ulaanbaatar.
The regional gap is feared to cause restrictions on citizens' social opportunities and consequent social conflicts. In order to ease regional gaps and achieve social integration that can develop into future social conflict factors, more research and housing policies are required for local and local residents.

1
주제별 간행물
간행물명 수록권호

KCI등재

몽골학
65권 0호 ~ 65권 0호

KCI등재

강원사학
36권 0호 ~ 36권 0호

KCI등재

사총
103권 0호 ~ 103권 0호

KCI등재

동아시아문화연구
85권 0호 ~ 85권 0호

KCI등재

중국지식네트워크
17권 0호 ~ 17권 0호

KCI등재

일본학
53권 0호 ~ 53권 0호

KCI등재

명청사연구
55권 0호 ~ 55권 0호

KCI등재

선사와 고대
65권 0호 ~ 65권 0호

KCI등재

동양학
83권 0호 ~ 83권 0호

KCI등재

중국사연구
131권 0호 ~ 131권 0호

KCI등재

학림
47권 0호 ~ 47권 0호

KCI등재

석당논총
79권 0호 ~ 79권 0호

KCI등재

중국학논총
71권 0호 ~ 71권 0호

KCI등재

중국연구
86권 0호 ~ 86권 0호

KCI등재

대구사학
142권 0호 ~ 142권 0호

KCI등재

동아연구
80권 0호 ~ 80권 0호

KCI등재

중국사연구
130권 0호 ~ 130권 0호

KCI등재

동양예술
50권 0호 ~ 50권 0호

KCI등재

중국지역연구
8권 1호 ~ 8권 1호

KCI등재

동아시아문화연구
84권 0호 ~ 84권 0호
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보
발행기관 최신논문
자료제공: 네이버학술정보

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기