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한양대학교 경제연구소> JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH> Measuring the degree of integration into the global production network by the decomposition of gross output and imports: A cross-country study, 1995-2015

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Measuring the degree of integration into the global production network by the decomposition of gross output and imports: A cross-country study, 1995-2015

한양대학교경제연구소
  • : 한양대학교 경제연구소
  • : JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 25권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2020년 11월
  • : 223-248(26pages)

DOI


목차

1. Introduction
2. Background and Literature Review
3. Methodology and Data
4. Results
5. Conclusion
References

키워드 보기


초록 보기

Import content of exports (ICE), suggested in mid-2000s, has been frequently used in empirical studies to measure the degree of integration into the global production network. Kim (2020) suggested an alternative indicator based on the decomposition of aggregate gross output and total imports into the contributions of individual final demand terms, using input-output analysis. His indicator reflects the strategy with which a country manages the domestic production base and utilizes the global production network simultaneously, while ICE only considers the latter. For this reason, Kim (2020) claimed that the indicator is a more comprehensive indicator than ICE.
The purpose of this paper is to apply the method suggested by Kim (2020) to six major exporting countries, China, Germany, Japan, Korea, United Kingdom and United States, for 1995-2015 using OECD’s Input-Output tables. The results show that these countries’ overall degree of integration into the global production network increased during the period. Korea and China exhibited the strongest degree of integration into the global production network.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2021-300-001249644

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 경제학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1226-4261
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1996-2020
  • : 319


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1Welfare effects of dominant retailers

저자 : Myeonghwan Cho , Unjy Song

발행기관 : 한양대학교 경제연구소 간행물 : JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 199-222 (24 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper analyzes three variants of a model to study the welfare effects of dominant retailers' presence in a competitive-goods market. We consider a competitive market with numerous consumers and producers who manufacture and retail. We assume that the dominant retailers are more cost-efficient in retailing than the producer and have market power both in upstream and downstream markets. In our model, entry of two dominant retailers always benefits the market if the producer stays in the retail market to generate competition pressure. However, if the dominant retailers replace the producer in retailing, there are trade-offs between cost-efficiency and competition.

2Measuring the degree of integration into the global production network by the decomposition of gross output and imports: A cross-country study, 1995-2015

저자 : 한양대학교경제연구소

발행기관 : 한양대학교 경제연구소 간행물 : JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 223-248 (26 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Import content of exports (ICE), suggested in mid-2000s, has been frequently used in empirical studies to measure the degree of integration into the global production network. Kim (2020) suggested an alternative indicator based on the decomposition of aggregate gross output and total imports into the contributions of individual final demand terms, using input-output analysis. His indicator reflects the strategy with which a country manages the domestic production base and utilizes the global production network simultaneously, while ICE only considers the latter. For this reason, Kim (2020) claimed that the indicator is a more comprehensive indicator than ICE.
The purpose of this paper is to apply the method suggested by Kim (2020) to six major exporting countries, China, Germany, Japan, Korea, United Kingdom and United States, for 1995-2015 using OECD's Input-Output tables. The results show that these countries' overall degree of integration into the global production network increased during the period. Korea and China exhibited the strongest degree of integration into the global production network.

3Does the increase in private education expenditures drive down the total fertility rate?

저자 : Jinbaek Park , Wonhee Na

발행기관 : 한양대학교 경제연구소 간행물 : JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 25권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 249-269 (21 pages)

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This study empirically examines how the increase in private education expenditures affects fertility rate. Delivery itself doesn't cost much, but child rearing and education cost significantly, and the loss of household income due to parental leaves should also be recognized as the expenses of child care. The low fertility rate is being discussed as a critical issue in Korean society, but the benefits of not having children can be greater than the costs related to having children including education and housing expenditure as they continue to increase. This study examines the relationship between private education expenditures and the total fertility rate in 16 cities and provinces in Korea from 2009 to 2018. The result shows that the increase in private education expenditure tends to lower the total fertility rate. In particular, the group with high participation in private education is more affected by the decline in the fertility rate due to the increase in private education expenditures compared to the low participation group.

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