a. 并非所有的谓宾动词都能带“是+O”做宾语。能带“是+O”宾语的主要有心理动词、“自+动词性语 素”复合式动词、双宾动词、“注定”类动词、“说”、“见”类动词。做宾语时“是”的语义主体可以指向句中 不同的成分，如主语、宾语、状语、中心语等。
b. 根据述语或中心语“N”的不同, 定语为“是+O”的偏正短语可分为若干类型。在这种偏正短语 中, “是+O”与中心语“N”之间具有事件与其主体的关系。此类偏正短语在句中可以做主语、宾语及介词 宾语, 还可以做兼语, 表现出了句法功能的多样性。类型上的不同在功能上亦有体现。
c. “是+O”可以与“的”构成“的”字短语, 相当一个名词, 用来指称人或事物, 在句中主要做主语。 “不是+O”构成的“的”字短语的功能更加多样化。
d. 在以往的汉语研究和教学中, “是”处于非谓语位置上的用法一直没有受到应有的重视。为加深 学生对“是”的整体功能和“是”字句的理解, 应该在教学中对“是”在非谓语位置上的用法作客观介绍, 进而有效提高汉语教学效果。
This paper makes a detailed description and analysis of the usage of “Shi + O” in the position of object and attribute, and draws the following conclusions:
a. Not all predicate object verbs can take “Shi + O” as the object. “Shi + O” is often used as the object of the following verbs: psychological verbs, “self +verbal morpheme” compound verbs, double object verbs, “doomed” verbs, and saying and seeing verbs. In the position of object, the semantic subject of “Shi” can point to different elements in a sentence，such as subject, object, adverbial, central words, etc.
b. According to the difference of attributive or central words, the modifier-head phrase with attribute “Shi + O” can be divided into several structural types. In this kind of modifier-head phrase, “Shi + O” and the central words have the relationship of event and semantic subject. This kind of modifier-head phrase can be used as subject, object, prepositional object and Jianyu in a sentence, which shows the diversity of syntactic functions. The difference in type is also reflected in function.
c. “Shi + O” and “De” can form “De”-phrase, which are equivalent to a noun and are used to refer to people or things. This kind of “De”-phrase is mainly used as subject in a sentence. The “De”-phrase composed of “Bu + Shi + O” has more functions.
d. In the past Chinese research and teaching, the usage of “Shi” in the non predicate position has not received due attention. In order to deepen students' understanding of the overall function of “Shi” and “Shi” sentence, we should objectively introduce the usage of “Shi” in the non predicate position in teaching, so as to effectively improve the effect of Chinese teaching.
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