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영남중국어문학회> 중국어문학> 从“送N1给N2”和“送给N2N1”看汉语的时制表达

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从“送N1给N2”和“送给N2N1”看汉语的时制表达

武薇 , 李宇哲
  • : 영남중국어문학회
  • : 중국어문학 84권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2020년 08월
  • : 207-224(18pages)
중국어문학

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 引言
Ⅱ. “送N1给N2”和“送给N2N1”
Ⅲ. 现代汉语时制的表达手段
Ⅳ. 结论
参考文献

키워드 보기


초록 보기

It is not simple order but inherent time factors difference between “song N1 gei N2” and “song gei N2N1”. And that is also why the two sentences “wo song yi ben shu gei xiao li” and “wo song gei xiao li yi ben shu” make different sense to Chinese speakers. People concern on “happened” and “not happened” when an action is mentioned. In the great majority of case, a “not happened” action is an “irrealis”, which is supposed to be showed by a mark. The inherent and external time types of predicative may convey the tense or the time factors for the whole sentence, as well as the time noun, the time adverb and the aspect. A sentence denotes events or factors by making the sense of “realis” and “irrealis”.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2021-700-001027815

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 중어중문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1225-083x
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1980-2021
  • : 1808


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'大' and '小' are now classified as spatial adjectives or spatial scale adjectives. However, The shape of '大' and '小' did not indicate the meaning of space. The word '大' in Oracle Bone Inscriptions is □, It is shaped like a person's frontal shape. The word '小' in Oracle Bone Inscriptions is □, It is a shape of three small dots or tiny dust or seeds or sand. During the Gapgol Gate period, '大' and '小' were already used in various meanings and uses.
The meaning has been expanded according to the flow of '大' and '小' time, and '大' and '小' are used in various ways, showing symmetry and asymmetry in use as a opposite meanings relationship. Combination with other ingredients of '大' was more free and derivative ability and ability to extend meaning were stronger and could be used for more expression. '小' was more often used in colors of negative meaning.

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6语言接触影响下现代汉语外来性类词缀的汉化研究

저자 : 陈娟 , 朴兴洙

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 84권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 139-166 (28 pages)

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In this study, a total of 16 foreign affixes in the New Word Dictionary published from 2011 to 2018 were counted. First of all, from a macro perspective, they classify their borrowing methods in Chinese and the process of localization, According to the different borrowing methods of foreign language elements, foreign affixes are divided into foreign affixes developed from borrowed sounds, mainly including “粉、客、秀、吧”; alien affixes developed by intention, mainly include “微、云、门、软、 硬、轻、零、超”; alien affix introduced by borrowing form, such as “族、控、化、系”. Secondly, combined with the existing research results and the BCC corpus, a micro-examination was conducted on the formal, grammatical, and semantic features of foreign affixes. Finally, the causes of foreign affixes are analyzed from three aspects: social factors, language laws, and pragmatic psychological factors.

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7处所意义介词“在”与韩语的对应考察 -基于汉韩语平行语料库的用例研究-

저자 : 闫俊 , 崔颖

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 84권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 167-186 (20 pages)

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According to the position before and after the verb, the preposition “在” can be divided into two forms: [在NP+V] and [V+在NP]. We call the former “在1” and the latter “在2”. After searching the parallel corpus of Chinese and Korean, we found that the main translation of “在1” is Korean particle “e” and then “eseo”. As for “在2”, the main translation is Korean particle “eseo”, then “e”. What's more, when “在1” corresponds to “eseo”, the semantics of NP is “background location”, and when “在2” corresponds to “e”, the semantics of NP is “result location”. Therefore, we made the conclusion that the semantics of NP is the decisive factor leading to the translation of “在” into “e” or “eseo”.

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8语言行为理论下的语气词“吧”的语气功能探讨

저자 : 金倫我

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 84권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 187-205 (19 pages)

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Based on Austin's framework of Speech act, this paper discusses the mood function of Chinese modal particle “ba”. As s grammatical marker, the modal particle “ba” expresses the speaker's subjective understanding of propositons. “ba” is closely related to illocutionary act, and it is a linguistic act of representatice, commissive and directive speech act. And the speaker confirms or emphasizes his subjective cognition to the hearer through “ba”. On this basis, the mood system of the Chinese modal particle “ba” is re-established.

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9从“送N1给N2”和“送给N2N1”看汉语的时制表达

저자 : 武薇 , 李宇哲

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 84권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 207-224 (18 pages)

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It is not simple order but inherent time factors difference between “song N1 gei N2” and “song gei N2N1”. And that is also why the two sentences “wo song yi ben shu gei xiao li” and “wo song gei xiao li yi ben shu” make different sense to Chinese speakers. People concern on “happened” and “not happened” when an action is mentioned. In the great majority of case, a “not happened” action is an “irrealis”, which is supposed to be showed by a mark. The inherent and external time types of predicative may convey the tense or the time factors for the whole sentence, as well as the time noun, the time adverb and the aspect. A sentence denotes events or factors by making the sense of “realis” and “irrealis”.

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10중국 한류 팬들이 음역한 한국어 음절 말 자음의 중국어 차용에 대한 확률적 최적성이론 연구

저자 : 한서영

발행기관 : 영남중국어문학회 간행물 : 중국어문학 84권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 225-266 (42 pages)

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This study investigates the phonetic adaptation of syllable final [p], [t], [k], [m], [l] from Korean to Chinese based on stochastic Optimality Theory. Since [p], [t], [k], [m], [l] are prohibited at the coda position in Chinese, they were variably repaired to satisfy native phonotactics. After describing the variable adaptation patterns of K-pop lyrics and basic Korean expressions shared on Baidu Zhidao, specific weights of regarding constraints were calculated based on machine learning using Maximum Entropy Modeling. Theoretical implications on the non-typical quality of epenthetic vowels, the preferences for consonant deletion, and the irrelevance between preceeding vowels and adaptation typology were discussed. To conclude, phonotactics on Chinese syllable final position conveys both non-categorical and categorical characteristics at the same time.

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