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한국외국어대학교 중동연구소> 중동연구> 이븐 칼둔의 경제 사상과 현대 경제 사상 간의 비교 연구 : -이집트의 보조금 사례를 중심으로-

KCI등재

이븐 칼둔의 경제 사상과 현대 경제 사상 간의 비교 연구 : -이집트의 보조금 사례를 중심으로-

Comparative Analysis on Economic Thoughts of Ibn Khaldun and Modern Economic Thoughts in Middle East

김병호 ( Kim Byeongho )
  • : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소
  • : 중동연구 38권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 06월
  • : 81-100(20pages)
중동연구

DOI


목차

Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 연구 내용과 선행 연구
Ⅲ. 이븐 칼둔의 경제 사상과 현대 경제 사상
Ⅳ. 이집트의 보조금 개혁
Ⅴ. 보조금 개혁에 대한 실증 분석
Ⅵ. 결론

키워드 보기


초록 보기

This study compares the economic ideas proposed by Ibn Khaldun, who interpreted the Arab economy in various aspects, with those of modern economics. Ibn Khaldun argues that the government should continue to invest in education and job training and should minimize its intervention in the local market. Since specialization and organization are the factors that increase production, it is necessary to nurture professional manpower and investment in education. Adam Smith also say similar argument that education is a necessary condition for a mass production system.
Based on this idea, we will conduct an empirical analysis of how subsidy reforms in Egypt affect economic growth and investment in Egypt. Since 2014, the Egyptian government has been reforming subsidies to secure investments and reducing government interference with the market in order to nurture the private sector. Regression analysis showed that subsidies and market openness did not show a significant relationship with GDP growth. Only Gross Capital Formation showed positive relationship with GDP growth rate among the variables. Although the decline in subsidies did not appear to be a significant factor in the growth of the national economy, it could be said that if subsidy reductions are converted to investment, it is positive with economic growth rate. As Ibn Khaldun’s argument who emphasized on education and specialized training, these are important for the Egyptian government to invest its secured tax revenue in education and training, as well as to promote economic growth policies such as fostering clusters and high value-added industries.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2019-900-001742085

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 인문지리
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1225-570x
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1981-2022
  • : 711


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The Turkish government announced its 'Asia Anew Initiative' in 2019. It is evaluated as Turkey's proclamation of a new Grand Strategy and vision corresponding to the rapid changes in the geopolitical environment and political situation.
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Considering the characteristics of the core organizations involved, the Asia Anew Initiative will not only cover the political/ economic aspect of Turkish diplomatic strategy but also embrace the Public Diplomacy elements to maximize Turkish national interest.
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2이슬람주의 흐름 변화에 대한 연구: 정치이슬람에서 시민이슬람으로의 패러다임 전환을 중심으로

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발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 41권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-55 (29 pages)

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Islamism is an ideology that aims at the Islamization of society. Islamism was revived in the 1970s with its increasing popularity among the public across the Middle East. Initially, Islamists undertook philanthropic activities to help the urban poor and the educated middle class in areas not covered by governmental services, and appealed to the people with the motto of 'Islam is the way' to various political, economic, and social problems. Islamists expanded their political influence by utilizing civil society that mushroomed in the 1990s and sought the Islamization of society through their growing political power. However, it was not until the 2011 Arab Spring that the successful cases of Islamism could be distinguished from the failed ones. The public support of political Islam has declined significantly in most Middle Eastern countries, as the promised reform was not realized. Consequently, civil Islam has replaced political Islam. Instead of using Islam as political tool to gain political power, civil Islam emphasizes practicing Islam in everyday life to be a good Muslim and for the spiritual development of individual Muslims. Taking this background into consideration, this study examines how Islamism has worked in the Middle Eastern societies since the 1970s and has been able to gain public support by penetrating the lives of ordinary people. Additionally, it investigates the factors that determined the success or failure of Islamism after the 2011 Arab Spring, as well as the current trend of Islamism. In contrast to ahistorical and mechanical analyses that fix Islamism to a specific historical period, this study sheds light on diversity within Islamism. The diverse versions and trends within Islamism could be identified by differentiating political Islam from civil Islam.

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3بررسی خطاهای نحوی در نوشتار فارسیآموزان کرهایزبان

저자 : فهيمهقپانداریبيدگلی ( Fahime Ghapandari Bidgoli )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중동연구소 간행물 : 중동연구 41권 1호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 57-81 (25 pages)

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Error analysis as a branch of applied linguistics studies errors in the process of language learning. This approach seeks the linguistic errors and describes the source of the linguistic errors. Regarding the growth of Persian language teaching as a second / foreign language, it seems necessary to pay attention to this field. Based on the error analysis approach and using field method, the present study investigates the syntactic errors of Korean-speaking learners of Persian at the elementary level in order to determine the educational needs of students, express their syntactic problems and find a way to solve them. To do so, 80 pieces of writing of 20 students were gathered and examined, then the errors are classified based on the corpus of syntactic errors with two sources of interlingual and intralingual, using the error analysis frameworks. The findings show that incorrect substitution, incorrect deletion, incorrect addition, and incorrect order were respectively the most frequent errors. Also, the results indicate that errors related to word order, verb tense and using preposition, which have an interlingual origin, are the most frequent errors and among syntactic errors with an intralingual origin, the verb-subject agreement error shows the most frequency.

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Egyptian regimes, particularly military regimes, have repressed the emergence and development of civil society by restrictive laws. As a result, Egyptian civil society could not have its capacity for playing a leading role during the 2011 civil resistance; and it could not have the potential for leading the transitional country in the aftermath.
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2이슬람국가(IS)의 이중적 이념구축: 동원과 타자화의 양적 분석을 중심으로

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On April 21, 2019, a series of attacks occurred at churches and hotels in the Sri Lankan capital of Colombo, killing about 250 people. The large-scale terrorist attacks show that the activities of the Islamic State(IS)'s remnants and supporting groups may continue for a considerable time in the future, despite the West's announcement of the disappearance of ISIS in March 2019.
Thus, it is urgent to clearly understand the nature and function of IS' ideological Daeshism. The IS organization is a terrorist group and its ideology is radical Islamism. However, unlike past Islamist organizations, the IS has declared itself a state and ruled for a certain period of time. It has also developed and transformed its ideology through the phases of its establishment, expansion, occupation, state declaration, and governance.
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In the 1970s when the hegemony of the US was declining considerably, some neo-realist scholars emphasized the necessity of maintaining the supremacy of the United States, and they created the hegemonic stability theory. Therefore, the hegemonic stability theory is an expression of Americanism, a kind of American centrism. However, structuralist scholars and liberal scholars have criticized the hegemonic stability theory. The hegemonic stability theory has been criticized because of the ambiguity of the 'hegemony' concept, the problems of the theoretical composition of this theory, ideological bias, and neglecting the connectivity between domestic class-social structure-state within each nation-state and international relations.
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저자 : 김병호 ( Kim Byeongho )

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