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한국가족관계학회> 한국가족관계학회지> 영유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 출산전후휴가 및 육아휴직제도 이용 경험

KCI등재

영유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 출산전후휴가 및 육아휴직제도 이용 경험

Mothers` experiences using maternity and parental leave

손서희 ( Son Seohee )
  • : 한국가족관계학회
  • : 한국가족관계학회지 22권1호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2017년 04월
  • : 87-109(23pages)
한국가족관계학회지

DOI

10.21321/jfr.22.1.87


목차

Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 출산전후휴가와 육아휴직 관련 선행연구
Ⅲ. 연구 방법
Ⅳ. 연구 결과
Ⅴ. 결론 및 제언
참고문헌

키워드 보기


초록 보기

Objectives: While employed mothers` use of maternity and parental leave has increased, the contexts that facilitate or hinder mothers` leave policy use have been under examined. The purpose of this study was to explore mothers` experiences of using maternity and parental leave. Method: Twenty-two mothers with young child under age three participated in this study. Results: All 22 mothers used maternity leave and 12 mothers used parental leave. Three main themes were identified: different experiences of maternity leave, experiences of parental leave, and skepticism about the leave policy but with some hope that it will improve. Regarding the mothers` experiences of maternity leave, the mothers thought that maternity leave was easily accessible but some mothers still felt guilty for using maternity leave. They also prepared for their work gap before the leave to avoid harming their colleagues. Accessibility to parental leave varied according to the characteristics of the organizations (i.e., family-friendly organization culture, supportive supervisor) and family contexts (i.e., availability of child care from family members, financial issues). The mothers perceived that while parental leave helps working mothers coordinate their family and work life, it is not as accessible as maternity leave in Korea. They suggested extending the maternity leave duration and improving accessibility to parental leave. Conclusions: These findings suggest that policy support is warranted to help employed mothers with young children remain in the workforce. This study also has implications for supporting employed mothers` work and family life.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2018-300-000369480

간행물정보

  • : 자연과학분야  > 가정
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1229-5310
  • : 2713-8232
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1996-2022
  • : 762


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27권3호(2022년 10월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1만 7세 이하 자녀를 둔 맞벌이 부부의 전통적인 성역할태도와 우울이 부부가 인식한 어머니 문지기 역할에 미치는 영향: 자기-상대방 상호의존 매개모형(APIMeM)의 적용

저자 : 이슬기 ( Seul-ki Lee ) , 유성경 ( Sung-kyung Yoo )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 3-26 (24 pages)

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연구목적: 맞벌이 부부의 전통적인 성역할태도와 우울이 부부가 인식한 어머니 문지기 역할에 미치는 영향에서 남편과 아내의 자기효과와 상대방효과를 확인하고 우울의 매개효과를 검증한다. 연구방법: 만 7세 이하 자녀를 둔 맞벌이 부부 351쌍을 대상으로 자기-상대방 상호의존 매개모형(Actor-Partner Interdependence Mediation Model; APIMeM)을 적용하여 분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과: 첫째, 남편의 성역할태도가 아내보다 전통적이었고, 아내의 우울이 남편보다 높았으며, 어머니 문지기 역할에 대한 아내의 보고가 남편보다 높은 것으로 나타나 성차가 확인되었다. 둘째, 남편의 성역할태도가 전통적일수록 부부의 우울이 증가하였고, 부부가 인식한 어머니 문열기가 감소하였으며, 남편이 인식한 어머니 문닫기가 증가하였다. 반면, 아내의 전통적인 성역할태도는 아내 자신의 어머니 문닫기에 대한 인식을 높이는 영향만을 설명하였다. 셋째, 남편의 성역할태도가 전통적일수록 남편의 우울이 부분 매개하여 남편이 인식한 어머니 문열기가 감소하고 남편이 인식한 어머니 문닫기가 증가하였다. 또한 남편의 성역할태도가 전통적일수록 아내의 우울이 부분 매개하여 아내가 인식한 어머니 문열기가 감소하였다. 넷째, 남편의 성역할태도가 전통적일수록 남편과 아내의 우울이 각각 완전 매개하여 아내가 인식한 어머니 문닫기가 증가하였다. 결론: 공동육아 문화에 대한 활발한 논의가 이루어지는 사회적 맥락에서 만 7세 이하 자녀를 둔 맞벌이 부부를 대상으로 쌍자료(dyadic data)를 수집하여 전통적인 성역할태도와 부부가 인식한 어머니 문지기 역할의 관계에서 우울이 매개효과를 갖는 상호적 경로에서 비대칭적인 효과를 확인하였다는 점에서 의의가 있다.


Objectives: This study aims to verify the actor-partner effects in the context of dual-earner couples' traditional gender role attitudes and depression, specifically on the perceived maternal gatekeeping roles and the mediating effects of depression. Method: An analysis was conducted using the actor-partner interdependence mediation model (APIMeM) among 351 dual-earner couples with children no more than 7 years old. Results: First, the husband's gender role attitude was more traditional than the wife's, and the wife's depression was higher than the husband's. Similarly, the wife's report on the perceived maternal gatekeeping roles was higher than that of the husband. Second, as the husband's gender role attitude became more traditional, the couple's depression increased, their perceived maternal gate opening decreased, and the husband's perceived maternal gate closing increased. Third, as the husband's gender role attitude became more traditional, his depression was partially mediated, perceived maternal gate opening decreased, and perceived maternal gate closing increased. In addition, the more traditional the husband's gender role attitude was, the more the wife's depression was mediated, and her perceived maternal gate opening decreased. Fourth, the more traditional the husband's gender role attitude was, the more the couple's depression was completely mediated, and the wife's perceived maternal gate closing increased. Conclusions: This study is meaningful as it collects dyadic data from dual-earner couples with children no more than 7 years old. The data are also collected in the social context of active discussions on the co-parenting culture to confirm the asymmetrical effect between couples in the mutual effect of traditional gender role attitudes and depression on the perceived maternal gatekeeping roles.

KCI등재

2대학생이 지각한 부모의 부부관계와 자기관이 결혼 의향에 미치는 영향

저자 : 한정현 ( Han Jeong Hyun ) , 박정윤 ( Park Jeong Yun )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 27-48 (22 pages)

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연구목적: 본 연구는 대학생이 지각한 부모의 부부관계와 자기관이 이들의 결혼 의향 정도에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위한 목적에서 수행되었다. 연구방법: 이를 위해 전국의 대학교에 재학 중인 미혼인 대학생 342명을 대상으로 자료를 수집하였으며, 수집된 자료는 SPSS 26.0 프로그램을 사용하여 분석하였다. 연구결과: 본 연구의 주요 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 대학생들의 결혼 의향은 정서적 결혼 의향이 가장 높게 나타났고 기능적 결혼 의향, 당위적 결혼 의향 순으로 나타났다. 둘째, 대학생이 지각한 부모의 부부관계 중 심리적 조화는 정서적, 당위적, 기능적 결혼 의향에 유의한 정적 영향력을 미쳤으며, 갈등과 권위는 당위적, 기능적 결혼 의향에 부적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 자기관은 상호의존적 자기관과 독립적 자기관 모두 정서적, 당위적, 기능적 결혼 의향에 모두 유의한 정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 결혼 의향에 관련 변인들이 미치는 영향력을 살펴본 결과, 정서적 결혼 의향에는 성별과 부모의 부부간 심리적 조화가 영향을 미쳤고, 당위적 결혼 의향에는 성별, 종교, 주관적 경제 수준, 부모의 부부간 심리적 조화 및 갈등과 권위, 상호의존적 자기관이 유의한 영향을 미쳤다. 기능적 결혼 의향에는 성별, 부모의 부부간 심리적 조화 및 갈등과 권위, 상호의존적 자기관의 영향력이 유의했다. 결론: 본 연구는 인구사회학적 특성, 가족 요인인 지각된 부모의 부부관계와 개인적 특성 요인인 자기관이 모두 종합적으로 대학생의 결혼 의향에 유의한 영향력을 미칠 수 있다는 점을 밝혔다는 데 의미가 있으며, 성인의 발달과업 중 하나인 결혼과 관련하여 성숙하고 건강한 태도를 확립하기 위해 상담 현장에서 이에 맞는 프로그램 개발의 필요성을 시사한다.


Objectives: This study was conducted to examine the effect of parents' marital relations perceived by university students and students' self-construal on the degree of marriage intentions. Method: Data was collected from 342 unmarried male and female students enrolled in universities nationwide and analyzed using the SPSS 26.0 program. Results: The main results of this study are as follows. First, the students' marriage intentions were the highest in emotional marriage intentions, followed by functional marriage intentions and normative marriage intentions. Second, it was confirmed that the students' perception of the psychological harmony among their parents' marital relations had a significant positive correlation with emotional, normative, and functional marriage intentions. While conflict and authority had a negative correlation with normative and functional marriage intentions. It was found that both the interdependent self-construal and the independent self-construal had a significant positive correlation on emotional, normative, and functional marriage intentions. Third, as a result of examining the effect of related variables on marriage intentions; gender and their parents' psychological harmony influenced emotional marriage intention. Gender, religion, subjective economic level, psychological harmony, conflict and authority of parents, and interdependent self-construal had a significant influence on normative marriage intentions. In addition, gender and their parents' psychological harmony, conflict and authority, and the influence of interdependent self-construal showed significant results in functional marriage intentions. Conclusions: The results of this study confirmed that demographic and sociological characteristics, students' perception of parental marital relationships as family factors, and self-construal as personal characteristics can all have a significant influence on university students' marriage intentions. In particular, the influence of these factors may appear differently depending on the specific type of marriage intentions. It provides a discussion point to help university students have healthy perceptions and intentions on marriage. The results of the study suggests the necessity of developing a suitable counseling program in order to establish a mature and healthy attitude related to marriage, one of the developmental tasks of adults.

KCI등재

330∼40대 기혼여성의 배우자 실직 경험 연구: 군산시 실직가정을 중심으로

저자 : 정성미 ( Jeong Sung Mi ) , 임춘희 ( Lim Choon Hee )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 49-80 (32 pages)

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연구목적: 본 연구의 목적은 군산시에 거주하는 30∼40대 기혼여성의 배우자 실직으로 인한 경험에 대해 살펴봄으로써 실직가정에 대한 이해를 돕고자 하는 것이다. 연구방법: 군산시의 특화산업에서 근무했다가 실직한 배우자를 둔 30∼40대 기혼여성 7명을 대상으로 심층면담을 하여 질적 사례연구방법으로 분석하였다. 연구결과: 연구참여자의 배우자 실직 경험은 개인적 경험, 가족관계 경험, 사회적 지지 경험인 3개의 범주로 구분되었고, 18개의 하위범주와 45개의 의미단위가 도출되었다. 개인적 경험의 하위범주로는 '의지와는 무관한 실직', '현실에 대한 불만족', '역할변화에 대한 혼란', '불안정한 심리', '받아들인 현실', '신체 증상의 발현', '어려움을 딛고 일어서기', '새로운 삶의 도전', '삶의 재발견'이 있었다. 가족관계 경험은 '남편을 향한 측은지심', '감정의 혼돈과 악순환', '심화된 가족갈등', '강화된 가족유대감', '위로가 되는 친정과 시부모', '불편해진 친정과 시부모'로 나타났다. 사회적 지지에 대한 경험은 '사회로부터의 소외감', '좁아지는 삶의 반경', '작은 디딤돌이 된 정부의 지원'으로 나타났다. 결론: 연구참여자들은 배우자의 실직으로 개인적 생활과 가족관계, 사회적 관계에서 다양한 경험을 하였다. 연구참여자의 일부는 배우자 실직으로 관계의 악화를 경험하기도 하였으나 다수의 참여자들은 배우자의 실직이라는 힘든 상황 속에서도 배우자 실직을 부정적이며 파국적인 인생 사건으로 간주하기보다는 실직 전과는 다른 새로운 삶의 방향으로 전환하여 더 나은 성장과 도전의 기회로 삼는 변화를 경험하였다. 이로 볼 때 남성이 주가계부양자이거나 공동가계부양자인 가정에서 기혼여성은 남성배우자의 실직으로 경제적인 타격을 비롯한 개인적, 심리적 혼란을 겪으며 가족관계상의 변화를 경험하지만 실직을 계기로 새로운 삶의 전환을 도모한다는 점에서 사회적으로 배우자의 실직을 경험한 기혼여성들에 대해 보다 수용적이고 지지적인 관심과 지원이 필요하다.


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the spouse's unemployment experience of married women in their 30s and 40s, focusing on unemployed families in Gunsan-si. Method: Seven married women in their 30s and 40s whose husbands lost their jobs were interviewed in-depth and analyzed as qualitative case study. Results: The spouse unemployment experience of the participant, married women, was divided into three categories: individual experience, family relationship experience, and social support experience, and 18 subcategories and 45 semantic units were derived, and the analysis results for each subject are as follows. The categories of individual experience were 'unemployment unrelated to will', 'discontent with reality', 'confusion with role reversal', 'unstable mind', 'accepted reality', 'the manifestation of physical symptoms', 'getting up with difficulties', 'new life challenges', and 'rediscovering life'. The categories of family relationship experiences were “pity toward husband,” “mixed confusion and vicious circle,” “deepened family conflict,” “strengthened family ties,” “comforting parents and in-laws,” and “uncomfortable parents and in-laws.” The categories of social support experience were three sub-categories: 'a sense of alienation from society', 'a narrowing radius of life', and 'support by the government that has become a small stepping stone' Conclusions: Married women who participated in the study experienced various experiences in personal life, family relations, and social relations due to the spouse's unemployment. However, most participants experienced a change in the difficult situation of spouse unemployment, turning to a new life direction different from before unemployment and using it as an opportunity for better growth and challenge, rather than considering spouse unemployment as a negative and catastrophic life event. In view of this, it is necessary to dispel the negative perceptions and prejudices of the spouses, unemployed, and unemployed families of the unemployed socially, and to support and support their experiences and changes with a more acceptable and positive perspective.

KCI등재

4코로나19 시기 대학생활 변화와 대학생의 스트레스: 가족 동거 및 가족 탄력성의 조절효과

저자 : 김안나 ( Kim Anna ) , 김주은 ( Kim Jueun ) , 손승연 ( Son Seungyeon ) , 윤수민 ( Yoon Sumin ) , 윤태경 ( Yoon Taekyung ) , 이슬 ( Yi Seul ) , 이은주 ( Lee Eunju ) , 이하은 ( Lee Haeun ) , 진미정 ( Chin Meejung ) , 박정민 ( Park Jeongmin )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 81-99 (19 pages)

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연구목적: 본 연구의 목적은 코로나19가 길어지는 시점에서 학업과 비학업 영역 측면의 변화가 대학생의 스트레스에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고, 가족 동거 여부 및 가족 탄력성이 이를 조절하는 효과가 있는지 살펴보는 것이다. 연구방법: 서울 소재 대학생 2∼4학년 388명을 대상으로 온라인조사를 실시하였고, 학업(수업 참여도 및 성적) 변화, 비학업(교내 활동수 및 새로운 관계 형성 기회) 변화, 가족 동거 및 가족탄력성을 측정하고, 스트레스와의 관련성을 회귀분석을 통해 분석하였다. 연구결과: 새로운 관계 형성 감소, 가족 동거, 가족탄력성 감소는 대학생의 스트레스와 정적 상관관계가 있었고, 수업 참여도 감소, 성적 변화, 교내활동 수 변화는 유의한 관련성이 없었다. 가족 동거 및 가족 탄력성의 조절효과를 살펴본 결과, 가족 탄력성이 높으면 성적 하락과 스트레스의 정적 관련성이 약화되고, 가족과 동거할 때 수업 참여도 하락과 스트레스의 정적인 영향이 약화되었다. 결론: 이러한 결과는 코로나19 장기화에 따른 대학생의 학업 및 비학업 영역에서의 변화와 스트레스의 관련성이 가족 특성에 따라 달라진다는 점을 보여주며, 대학생 시기에도 가족이 보호 요인으로 작용한다는 점을 실증적으로 뒷받침하였다는 점에서 의의가 있다.


Objectives: This study aims to investigate an association between changes in college life and stress and to find moderating effects of family coresidence and resilience among students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: We surveyed 388 college students using online platform on changes in GPA, class participation, students activities, and opportunities of making new friends between 2020 and 2021. Results: We found that decrease in class participation and opportunities of making friends were associated with increase in the stress of college students. A significant moderating effect between family coresidence and class participation indicated that the negative effect of the decreased class participation on the stress was smaller to those who live with family compared to those who do not live with family. Similarly, the negative effect of the decrease GPA on the stress became smaller as the family resilience increased. Conclusions: These results showed that family became a protective factor to college students who experienced negative changes in college life due to prolonged COVID-19.

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5부모의 부모교육 참여에 대한 남녀 청소년의 인식과 관련 요인

저자 : 김유미 ( Kim Yu-mi ) , 김소영 ( Kim Soyoung )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2022 페이지 : pp. 101-120 (20 pages)

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연구목적: 부모의 부모교육 참여에 대한 청소년 자녀의 인식과 관련요인을 살펴봄으로써 부모자녀관계의 상호작용에 기반하여 청소년 자녀기 부모교육 활성화 방안을 모색하고자 하였다. 이에 따라 본 연구에서는 청소년 자녀의 개인 특성(학교급, 형제자매 유무), 지역사회 공공기관에서 실시되는 부모교육 프로그램 인지여부, 부모와의 관계(민주적 양육방식, 고민 관련 대화)에 따른 부모의 부모교육 참여에 대한 찬성 및 권유 의향의 관련성을 성차를 중심으로 살펴보았다. 연구방법: 서울시에 거주하는 12세∼19세 청소년 390명으로부터 수집한 자료를 STATA 12.0을 사용하여 기술통계, 카이스퀘어분석, 로지스틱 회귀분석, OLS 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과: 첫째, 여학생과 남학생 모두 공공기관에서 실시하는 부모교육에 대해 알고 있는 정도와 자신의 부모가 해당 부모교육에 참여했다는 응답이 낮았다. 이에 비해 부모가 공공기관 부모교육에 참여하는 것에 대한 찬성 의견 및 참여 권유 의향은 높았으며 여학생이 남학생보다 찬성하는 의견이 많았다. 둘째, 여학생은 부모가 부모교육 참여 경험이 있을 때, 자신의 고민에 대하여 부모와 대화하지 않을 때 부모교육 참여를 찬성할 가능성이 높았다. 남학생의 경우 자신이 부모교육 프로그램에 대해 알고 있을 때, 부모가 부모교육에 참여한 경험이 있을 때 부모교육 참여를 찬성할 가능성이 높았다. 셋째, 부모교육을 권유할 의향은 여학생은 부모의 양육방식이 민주적이라고 인식할수록, 부모님과 고민에 대한 대화를 하지 않을 때, 남학생은 자신이 부모교육에 대하여 알고 있을 때 부모에게 부모교육을 권유할 의향이 높아졌다. 결론: 이는 청소년 자녀기 부모교육 프로그램 참여를 활성화하기 위하여 여학생에게는 관계성에 초점을 맞추고 남학생에게는 정보에의 접근성을 높이는 차별화된 전략이 필요함을 시사한다.


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand how male and female adolescents differ in their perspectives related to their parents' participation in parenting education, based on which to provide practical suggestions to facilitate parental participation in parenting education programs. Method: Descriptive statistics, chi-square analysis, t-test, logistic regression, and OLS regression were performed using STATA 12.0 on data collected from 390 adolescents aged from 12 to 19 years old residing in Seoul. Results: First, only a small portion of both male and female adolescents were aware of parenting education programs, and their parents' participation in such programs was also low. But more than half of respondents were in favor of their parents' participating in parenting education, and intended to recommend parenting education programs to their parents. Second, female adolescents were more likely to be in favor of their parents participating in parenting education when their parents had experienced parenting education and when they did not share concerns with their parents. Male adolescent were more likely to agree with parental participation in parenting education programs when they were aware of the programs and when their parents had experienced them before. Third, female adolescents intended to encourage their parents to participate in parenting education when they acknowledged democratic parenting from their parents and did not share their concerns with them. Male adolescents intended to encourage parental participation when they knew about parenting education programs. Conclusions: Findings of this study suggest that parental participation in parenting education programs could also be facilitated through encouragement and recommendations by their adolescent child.

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1중년기의 가족스트레스가 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향: 가족탄력성과 우울의 매개효과

저자 : 류정남 ( Ryu Jungnam ) , 이지민 ( Lee Jimin )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 22권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 3-22 (20 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effects of family resilience and depression in a relation between family stress and psychological well-being among middle-aged. Method: The subjects were 409 of men and women between 40 to 59 living in D and G province. They completed the questionnaire on family stress, family resilience, depression, and psychological well-being. Correlation and structural equation models of SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 22.0 were used to examine the relations between the variables. Results: The results are as follows. First, family stress had no significant effect on psychological well-being of middle age men and women, while it directly influenced on family resilience and depression. Second, family resilience and depression had direct influence on psychological well-being. Third, there were significant mediating effects of family resilience and depression in a relationship between family stress and psychological well-being. Conclusions: Family stress has an indirect effect on psychological well-being among middle age men and women mediated by family resilience and depression. The result suggest that psychological well-being influenced by family stress can be improved by enhancing Family Resilience and reducing Depression.

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2청소년이 지각한 부모양육태도, 또래애착 및 탄력성과 삶의 의미간의 구조적 관계

저자 : 정숙회 ( Jung Sukhae )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 22권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 23-40 (18 pages)

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Objectives: The major purpose of the study is to examine structural relation among teenager`s perception of parenting attitudes, peer attachment, resilience and meaning in life. In order to achieve purpose of the study, we will develop reliable criterion which can measure variable. Method: We will set up structural relational model from relationship between internal and external variables that can influence teenager`s meaning in life and we will examine the relationship between variables through structural equation analysis. we will find structural relationship among parenting attitudes, peer attachment, resilience and meaning in life. Results: We analyzed structural relationship among variables targeting 744 middle school and high school students. Teenager`s perception of parenting attitudes have positive influence on peer attachment. This shows that teenager perception of fostering attitude have a positive influence even though teenager percepts parent`s foster attitude as overprotective or compassionate. However, if teenager percept fostering attitude as overprotective, teenager perception of parenting attitudes doesn`t have influence on resilience. Parent`s compassionate attitude not only directly influence resilience but also influence resilience through peer attachment. This validates that individual psychological factor, such as how teenager accept and interpret surrounding environment can influence resilience. Peer attachment relationship not only directly influence resilience but also influence meaning of life through resilience. The resilience has direct effect on meaning in life. Conclusions: When one of education goal is to help teenager to find meaning in life and to reach self-realization, We need to have interest in resilience which is known factor for contributing meaning in life. As previous teenager studies has approached this problem, such as maladjustment, delinquency, and depression, it is significant that this study is examined in positive a psychological perspective which focus on healthy adjustment, such as meaning in life based on teenager`s resilience and happiness.

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3중년 기혼여성이 지각하는 원가족 부모의 양육태도와 부부친밀감과의 관계에서 부부의사소통의 매개효과

저자 : 김희정 ( Kim Heejeong ) , 김용수 ( Kim Yongsoo )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 22권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 41-62 (22 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between parenting attitudes and martial intimacy and was to examine the mediating effect of marital communication in order to provide effective help to improve marital intimacy of middle-aged married women who have difficulty in marital relationship. Method: The subjects of this study were 229 married women aged 40-59. Statistical analysis of this study was performed using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, Pearson `s correlation analysis was conducted to investigate the relationship between parenting attitude, marital intimacy, and marital communication and the results were statistically significant. Second, the three - step hierarchical regression analysis proposed by Baron and Kenny (1986) was conducted to examine the mediating effect of marital communication on the relationship between parenting attitudes and marital intimacy, it was confirmed that marital communication was partially mediated between parenting attitudes and marital intimacy. Conclusion: This study is meaningful in that it was confirmed that marital communication was partially mediated between parenting attitudes and marital intimacy.

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4부모요인이 학령기 아동의 심리·사회적 부적응에 미치는 영향에 대한 메타분석

저자 : 김대광 ( Kim Dae-kwang ) , 김영희 ( Kim Yeong-hee )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 22권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 63-85 (23 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta analysis of the previous studies on parental factors related to psychological and social maladjustment of school children and to examine the moderate effects of publication year using the meta-regression analysis. Method: Subjects of studies was academic journals and thesis published on 1996-Feb. 2016. Final result of selection was 353(122 journal articles, 231 master`s thesis & dissertations) and total number of sampling was 126,776 school children. Results: Parental factors had medium effect sizes on psychological and social maladjustment of school children. Parental risk factors had bigger effect size than protective factors on children`s maladjustment. There were a tendency that effect size of some parental factors were increased as publish year went by. Conclusions: Attachment, positive communication, and positive marital relationship were major protective factors which had reduced maladjustment of children. Psychological control and negative marital relationship were the strongest risk factors. The impact on parental factors on maladjustment of children were getting stronger recently.

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5영유아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 출산전후휴가 및 육아휴직제도 이용 경험

저자 : 손서희 ( Son Seohee )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 22권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 87-109 (23 pages)

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Objectives: While employed mothers` use of maternity and parental leave has increased, the contexts that facilitate or hinder mothers` leave policy use have been under examined. The purpose of this study was to explore mothers` experiences of using maternity and parental leave. Method: Twenty-two mothers with young child under age three participated in this study. Results: All 22 mothers used maternity leave and 12 mothers used parental leave. Three main themes were identified: different experiences of maternity leave, experiences of parental leave, and skepticism about the leave policy but with some hope that it will improve. Regarding the mothers` experiences of maternity leave, the mothers thought that maternity leave was easily accessible but some mothers still felt guilty for using maternity leave. They also prepared for their work gap before the leave to avoid harming their colleagues. Accessibility to parental leave varied according to the characteristics of the organizations (i.e., family-friendly organization culture, supportive supervisor) and family contexts (i.e., availability of child care from family members, financial issues). The mothers perceived that while parental leave helps working mothers coordinate their family and work life, it is not as accessible as maternity leave in Korea. They suggested extending the maternity leave duration and improving accessibility to parental leave. Conclusions: These findings suggest that policy support is warranted to help employed mothers with young children remain in the workforce. This study also has implications for supporting employed mothers` work and family life.

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6유아기 맞벌이 부부의 일-가족균형, 회복탄력성이 행복에 미치는 영향: 직무만족도와 양육효능감의 매개효과

저자 : 하쾌남 ( Ha Kwaenam ) , 정민자 ( Jung Min-ja )

발행기관 : 한국가족관계학회 간행물 : 한국가족관계학회지 22권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 111-134 (24 pages)

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Objective: The purpose of this study is to verify the structural relationships among work-family balance, resilience, job satisfaction, parenting self-efficacy and happiness of double income couples with 3~5 years child(ren). Method: This study distributed structured self-reported questionnaires and used the data of 229 couples with 3~5 years child(ren) for an analysis. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted for checking the measurement unity and a structural equation model was performed to reveal the structural relationship using AMOS software. Results: In a structural relationships among work-family balance, resilience, job satisfaction, parenting self-efficacy and happiness, a total of 13 paths appeared significant. The influence of the husband on the wife was more significant than that of the wife on the husband, and resilience was found to have a strong influence on the happiness of wife and husband. The work-family balance was different for wife and husband. Conclusion: These results suggest that it is necessary to develop various programs and approaches for the development of resilience to promote their happiness. As a policy direction in the future, with a goal of a shift to the paradigm, `raising children together,` an institutional support should be prepared for the concretization of the formation and practice of the value of co-parenting children.

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