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한국경찰법학회> 경찰법연구> 수사기관의 공무소 조회와 개인정보보호 - 헌법재판소 2014헌마368 사건을 중심으로 -

KCI등재

수사기관의 공무소 조회와 개인정보보호 - 헌법재판소 2014헌마368 사건을 중심으로 -

The Request of the Personal Information by the Criminal Investigation Agency and the Right to Informational Self-Determination

유주성 ( Yoo Ju-sung )
  • : 한국경찰법학회
  • : 경찰법연구 14권2호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2016년 12월
  • : 87-105(19pages)
경찰법연구

DOI


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초록 보기

The right to informational self-determination is the individual right to control the circulation of personal information. The Korean Constitutional Court recognized the right to informational self-determination as a constitutional right. But this right can be restricted for the sake of national security, social order, and public interest, but its restriction should be based on a clear statutory rule and comply with the rule against excessive restriction. The Article 199-paragraph 2 of Criminal procedure Code stipulates that Public office can offer the personal informations that they collect for their work, to the criminal investigation agency who requests them for the purpose of criminal investigation. In recent years, it`s however criticized that the criminal investigation agency requests the personal informations too awful and public offices are offering mechanically the personal informations to the agency. Thus, this article has the purpose to find a `Due process of law` to harmonize the two constitutional values : l` efficiency of criminal investigation and l` effectiveness of the right to informational self-determination.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2018-300-000499110

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 법학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연3회
  • : 1598-8961
  • : 2714-1365
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2003-2021
  • : 353


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19권2호(2021년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1피의자신문조서의 형태에 관한 연구 - 문답식과 서술식의 병용 가능성, 필요성 및 방향을 중심으로 -

저자 : 이형근 ( Lee Hyoung Keun )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 3-34 (32 pages)

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According to the consideration that the investigative agency has introduced narrative protocol already and narrative protocol could go current after the enforcement of article 312. 1. of Criminal Procedure Law in 2020, this study explored the possibility, necessity and operation ways of the narrative protocol. In chapter Ⅱ, the differences between catechetical protocol and narrative protocol, the formation of catechetical protocol and it's legal basis were identified, and the possibility of the narrative protocol was proved. The core ground for arguments of this chapter is that the catechetical protocols are based not on Criminal Procedure Law but on subordinate statutes of investigative agencies. In chapter Ⅲ, the pros and cons of catechetical protocol and narrative protocol were explored in the aspects of distortions of protocol and working-level burden, and the coexistence of pros and cons both in catechetical protocol and narrative protocol was identified. Especially, the pros and cons of catechetical protocol and narrative protocol could depend on the ways of narrative protocol. In chapter Ⅳ, seven operation ways of the narrative protocol containing orginal statement recording way and mandatory video recording of interrogation phase. In the conclusion, the implications and limitations, some consideration about relevant studies and policies were suggested.

KCI등재

2자치경찰시대 경찰법학의 전망과 과제 : 자치경찰의 조직, 권한, 임무(사무)의 측면에서

저자 : 박병욱 ( Park Byungwoog ) , 이상훈 ( Lee Sanghun )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 35-80 (46 pages)

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At 1.1.2021. korean municipal police system has been introduced for the first time after establishment of Republic of Korea. In design of the Municipal police system it must be considered, it is mixed system of local autonomy and police. The former emphasizes municipal autonomy and decentralization, the latter police professionalism, political neutrality and Police Independence. To enhance the efficiency of police work, the balance of both is very important.
Every country has his own system in the context of municipal police. The genuine municipal police system does not necessarily mean american style of municipal police, which completely makes a division between federal police and municipal police. It could be many kinds of variation.
Municipal police affairs on revised police law has limited selfautonomy right in regard of organization, personnel administration, autonomous legislation and financial affairs. Howerver it could be strengthened in many ways, for example through wider paticipation of local council, introduction of right to comment of the chief executive of local government on the matter of municipal police. So it could be korean style municipal police.
With the introduction of korean municipal police the organization of the police has not been changed in outward form. But accountability and direction power for municipal police has been changed. So municipal police committee plays a fundemental role in direction and management of municipal police matters. In my opinion it is properly designed to guarantee not just political neutrality, police independence, and but also municipal autonomy and decentralization.
Introduction of the korean municipal police does not mean introduction of amercian style of municipal police, which is essentially seperated from fedreal police and state police. So introduced single unitary system under the roof of national police organisation can be sustained, as long as municipal autonomy and decentralization could be strengthened. In terms of police authority it would not be changed in its fundemental. However police authority shall take a concrete and detailed form in regard to transfer and protect mental patient and drunken people etc, who may cause injury to other people. In terms of police task it will not be also fundementally changed, although police tasks tend to adjust to service oriented charateristik of police task. But it can not exceed the fundemantal police task, which prevent the danger of life and body. Otherwise it may cause police society.

KCI등재

3수사경찰 부문에 대한 경찰법학의 전망과 과제

저자 : 유주성 ( Yoo Ju Sung )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 81-105 (25 pages)

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現 정부의 대선공약이자 국정과제인 '검찰개혁', '경찰개혁', '국정원 개혁'을 위한 최근의 입법 속에서, 수사경찰은 수사의 주체로서 1차적·원칙적 수사기관으로 자리매김하는 등 큰 변화를 겪었고, 앞으로도 변화의 움직임은 지속될 것으로 보인다. 급격한 변화의 소용돌이 속에서 수사경찰이 본래의 존재 이유에 맞게 제대로 설 수 있도록 경찰법학 연구가 그 어느 때 보다 요구되는 시점이다. 경찰법학 연구자들은 국민이 개혁의 효과를 체감할 수 있도록 신설된 법제에 대한 올바른 해석 방향을 정립하고, 필요한 후속 입법 조치가 차질없이 이루어지도록 돕는 원동력을 마련해 나가야 할 것이다. 수사경찰 부문에 대해 경찰법학 연구에서 다뤄야 할 주제는 다양하지만 이를 크게 분류해보면 수사경찰의 사무, 조직, 권한 그리고 수사경찰에 대한 통제에 관한 것으로 정리해 볼 수 있을 것이다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 수사경찰의 사무, 조직, 권한과 통제를 중심으로 경찰법학의 전망과 과제에 대해 살펴본다.


In recent legislation for 'Prosecution reform', 'police reform', and 'reform of the National Intelligence Service', which are the current government's presidential campaign promises and national tasks, the investigative police has been established as the primary and principal investigative agency. In the midst of a vortex of rapid change, the study of police law is more required than ever so that the investigative police can properly stand in line with their original reason for existence. Police law researchers will need to establish a correct interpretation direction for the new legislation so that the public can feel the effects of the reform, and provide a driving force to help the necessary follow-up legislative measures take place without a hitch. Although there are various topics to be covered in the police law research on the investigation police sector, if they are broadly classified, they can be summarized as about the affairs, organization, authority, and control of the investigation police. Therefore, this article examines the prospects and challenges of police jurisprudence, focusing on the affairs, organization, authority and control of the investigative police.

KCI등재

4피의사실공표죄에 관한 연구 - 검사의 불기소(기소유예)처분 사건의 검토를 중심으로 -

저자 : 이성기 ( Lee Seongki )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 107-132 (26 pages)

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피의사실공표죄를 둘러싼 학문적 논쟁이 다양한 원인은 본 죄의 제정 당시의 입법취지와는 달리 오늘날 미디어 상황이 급변한 것을 반영하지 못하는 데 원인이 있다고 본다. 피의자의 인권 보호를 위한 수사기관 의무는 국민의 알권리가 강하게 작동하고 범죄정보의 급속한 확산이 이루어지는 현 시점에서 더 이상 절대적인 가치가 아니며 피의자의 인권보호와 갈등을 일으키는 다른 기본권과 조화를 이루어야 한다. 그러나 현행 피의사실공표죄 구성요건은 이와 같은 형사정책적 고려를 담아내지 못하고 있다. 보호법익, 구성요건에 관한 다양한 학문적 해석논의, 입법론적 대안, 본 죄의 위헌성에 관한 주장 제기, 실제로는 대다수 피의사실이 수사기관의 누설행위를 통해 언론에 보도되고 있음에도 제정 이후 단 한 건의 공소제기가 없다는 점이 이를 방증한다.
울산지방검찰청의 불기소 처분사건을 검토한 결과 공표의 대상이 되는 피의사실의 내용과 요건, 그 절차를 법률에 근거하여 규정할 필요성이 있음을 다시 한 번 확인할 수 있었다. 현재와 같이 수사기관의 규칙을 피의사실 공표의 근거로 삼을 경우 수사기관의 자의적 판단에 의한 구성요건 창설의 가능성으로 인해 본 죄가 앞으로도 계속 사문화된 채 규범성을 상실하게 될 우려가 크다. 현행 피의사실공표죄의 범죄 억지력이 전혀 없는 것은 아니다. 사회적 요구에 따라 수사기관이 행정규칙을 제정하여 피의사실에 관한 공표를 자제하는 것은 바람직하다. 다만, 피의사실공표에 관한 예외도 법률로 정하여 갈등관계에 있는 기본권을 조화롭게 하는 노력이 필요하다.
그 방안으로 피의사실의 공표에 관한 예외 요건과 절차에 관한 원칙을 법률로 명확히 규정하되 구체적인 판단은 수사기관이 아닌 시민이나 전문가가 참여하여 결정하는 시민참여 방식이 타당할 것으로 생각한다. 강력범죄, 성폭력 범죄 피의자의 신상공개에 관하여 이러한 실무상 제도가 마련되어 있다는 점에서 실현가능성이 크다. 그리고 그 공표 기준은 피의자의 명예 보호, 무죄추정과 공정한 재판을 받을 권리에 기초하여 구체적으로 판결에 영향을 미칠 수 있는 요소들을 절대적 금지사항으로 규정하는 한편, 그 이외의 정보에 대하여는 구체적인 상황에 따라 범죄의 중대성, 혐의의 명확성, 범죄예방을 위한 필요성과 공표의 목적과 수단의 적합성, 공표 내용의 최소 침해 여부 등을 종합적으로 고려하여 결정하게 함이 타당하다고 생각한다.


Crime investigators, who commit crime(hereinafter 'the crime') by making public the facts of a suspect before request for public trial by a prosecutor', shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years, or suspension of qualifications for not more than five years under Criminal Act of article 125 in Korea. This article, however, has been de-facto dead since its enactment in 1953 because there have been no one who was indicted by prosecutors.
This paper analyzes the case where the prosecutor of Ul-san District Prosecutor's Office in July of 2020 decided not to initiate public prosecution against police officers who investigated a suspect who forged pharmacist license and made up prescription. This research tries to fathom out how prosecutors decide on the issue of whether 'the crime' was made or not. As a matter of fact, it has been highly controversial as to the protected benefits and requirements of 'the crime'. While some commentators argue for human rights of crime suspects and investigative function of government, others propose a suspect's right to fair-trial for its protected benefits.
This research by reviewing the Ulsan case found that the prosecutor decided that the police officers committed 'the crime' in violation of suspect's personal rights and investigative functions of the government resulting in illegality of the crime, and argues that the prosecutors'decision must not be based on the internal regulation but on the relevant law which allows justification for publication of the facts of a suspect by investigative officials. Based on the argument, this paper proposes enactment of the new law.

KCI등재

5외국인피해자 보호·지원에 관한 일본 사례 연구

저자 : 김혁 ( Kim Hyeok )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 133-159 (27 pages)

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외국인은 취업, 결혼 등을 이유로 체류하는 사례가 상당수를 차지하고 있어서 상대적으로 다양한 지원이 필요한 근로관계 또는 가정 내에서 범죄에 노출될 가능성이 크다. 하지만 외국인은 문화적, 언어적 특성으로 인하여 피해 신고가 쉽지 않은 등 범죄피해자 지원제도에 대한 접근성이 떨어져 내국인과 동일한 수준의 보호·지원을 받기 어려운 환경에 놓여 있다. 이와 같은 문제의식 하에 「범죄피해자 보호법」 제12조에 근거하여 수립되는 「제3차 범죄피해자 보호·지원 기본계획」('17 '21)은 국내 체류 외국인을 인권 취약계층으로 파악하고, 맞춤형 지원체계의 필요성을 지적하고 있다.
특히 일본에서 제정·수립된 각종 법률 및 제도는 그동안 우리나라의 범죄피해자 보호·지원에 있어 여러 시사점을 제공하여 왔을 뿐만 아니라, 단일 언어를 기초로 하는 사회·문화적 배경으로 인하여 외국인 피해자 보호·지원에 있어 우리와 공통적인 문제점을 내포하고 있다는 점에서 검토의 필요성이 크다. 이에 본고에서는 일본에서의 외국인 피해자 보호·지원 실태를 소재로 하여 일본에서의 외국인 피해자 현황을 살펴보고, 외국인 피해자 보호·지원 관련 법령 및 내용을 분석한 후에 그 시사점을 도출하였다.


Foreigners are more likely to be exposed to crime in their working relationships or families that require relatively diverse support. However, due to cultural and linguistic characteristics, it is difficult for foreigners to receive the same level of protection and support as Koreans due to lack of access to the crime victim support system. Under such awareness of the problem, the Third Master Plan for the Protection and Support of Crime Victims ('17~21'), which is established based on Article 12 of the Crime Victims Protection Act, identifies foreigners staying in Korea as vulnerable to human rights and points out the need for a customized support system.
In particular, various laws and systems enacted and established in Japan have not only provided various implications for the protection and support of crime victims in Korea, but also have common problems with the protection and support of foreign victims due to social and cultural backgrounds based on a single language. Therefore, this study examines the current status of foreign victims in Japan, analyzes the laws and contents related to the protection and support of foreign victims, and draws their implications.

KCI등재

6유럽 정보보호법의 최근 동향 - GDPR 및 독일의 정보보호법제와 판례를 중심으로 -

저자 : 박원규 ( Wonkyu Park )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 19권 2호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 161-190 (30 pages)

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4차 산업혁명과 관련하여 인공지능, 빅데이터 등 대규모 데이터를 수집·분석하는 기술의 활용이 증가하고 있다. 이외 관련하여 기술 주도의 개인정보 활용에 한계를 설정하지 않는다면 개인은 기술을 위한 객체로 전락할 우려가 있기 때문에, 개인정보의 보호에 대한 관심 또한 증대되고 있다. 그런데 개인정보는 보호의 대상이기도 하지만 개인과 공동체를 연결해주는 매개체이기도 하다. 따라서 정보화 사회에서는 정보주체의 자기결정권과 타인에 의한 정보의 활용 간의 충돌을 적절히 조정할 필요가 있다.
최근 유럽에서는 코로나19, 인공지능, 정보통신기술 등과 관련된 개인정보보호 문제가 제기되고 있다. 이와 관련하여 유럽의 법원들은 개인정보 자기결정권에 대한 침해 여부의 판단에 있어서 개인정보의 보호를 강조하면서도 충돌하는 기본권들 간에 광범위한 형량을 할 것을 요구하고 있다. 정보주체와 정보처리자 간의 힘의 불균형 해소를 위하여 개인정보보호에 중점을 두면서도, 개인정보의 활용에 대한 이익 등 여타의 충돌하는 이익들에 대해서도 함께 고려하고 있는 것이다. 한편 개인정보보호법과 관련된 문제는 국제교류의 증가로 더 이상 국내적인 문제에 국한되지 않는다. 이에 본 연구에서는 유럽의 GDPR 및 독일의 개인정보보호법 관련 법령 및 판례들을 분석함으로써 우리나라에의 시사점을 제시하고자 시도하였다.


Im Hinblick auf die vierte industrielle Revolution ist die Anwendung von Technologien, die eine große Datenmenge analysieren, weiterverbreitet. Wenn man der technologiegeleiteten Anwendung personenbezogener Daten keine Grenze setzt, können Individuen zum Objekt von Technologie herabgesunken werden. Demnach nimmt auch das Interesse am Schutz personenbezogener Daten zu. Personenbezogene Daten sind aber nicht nur Schutzgüter, sondern auch Medien, die einzelne Person und Gesellschaft verbinden. In der Informationsgesellschaft ist es daher erforderlich, den Konflikt zwischen dem informationellen Selbstbestimmungsrecht und dem Recht der Datenverarbeitung angemessen auszugleichen.
Hinsichtlich von COVID-19, künstlicher Intelligenz, Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie usw. wurden in Europa Datenschutzprobleme aufgetreten. Dabei betonen europäische Gerichte, dass bei der Prüfung Eingriff in das informationelle Selbstbestimmungsrecht eine umfassende, einzelfallbezogene Güterabwägung kollidierender Grundrechten vorzunehmen sei. Aufgrund des zunehmenden internationalen Austauschs ist das Thema Datenschutzrecht nicht nur national begrenzt. Demzufolge versucht diese Untersuchung, das europäische Datenschutzrecht, insb. DSGVO und das deutsches Datenschutzgesetz zu analysieren.

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1수사과정 영상녹화제도에 대한 비교법제 연구 - 동아시아권 일본, 대만의 최근 동향 및 비교·시사점을 중심으로 -

저자 : 이동희 ( Lee Dong-hee )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 3-35 (33 pages)

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The purpose of this research is in order to introduce visual recording of suspect interrogation in east asian countries of Korea, Japan and Taiwan. In the meantime the three countries have pursued criminal justice system reform and as they have common features in terms of geography, culture, and adopted law the nations own tasks in common. In Japan, in March 2015, Japanese Cabinet approved the revision of criminal procedure law, which included mandatory video recording by police and prosecutor for suspect interview on specific crimes. Recently, this new law was passed this year and to be enforced in near future. Japanese police and prosecutor have already started visual recording of suspect interrogation by their discretion since 2008. For other Asian countries, Taiwan has long experience of visual recording. The situation in the East Asia gives us good opportunity to consider and compare the legal issues concerning visual recording of suspect interrogation. As a result, this paper is to clarify the legal condition concerning visual recording of suspect interrogation in the East Asia and to discuss the 2 problems such as evidential availability, possibility as a useful tool to ensure transparency in interrogation rooms and reliability in the fact finding process. For these purpose, in this paper will show the basic structure and principles of visual recording law from each of their own countries and analyze the characteristics of their legislations and the practice in their interrogation rooms.

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2수사과정에서 나타나는 허위자백의 징표

저자 : 이기수 ( Lee Ki-soo )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 37-58 (22 pages)

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False confession, an admitting of crime which they did not commit, significantly lowers the credibility and effectiveness of the general criminal procedure. This is because false confession leads to failure in discovery of the truth, which leads to misjudgement, and is linked to many illegal acts in the criminal procedure. Therefore, it is best to discover and prevent false confession before the damage is incurred, before prosecution and trial. And that is the way to secure criminal justice and trust in realizing an important value of complying with discovery of truth and legal process in the criminal procedure. Signs of false confession were obtained, based on the prior studies. These signs of false confession can be standardized as one of the standards in applying it during the investigation process for the purpose of using it as a tool to filter out false confession. I believe that it would be very effective, to utilize the signs of false confession in the closing phase of the investigation in an official process of reviewing the confession, before applying for warrant.

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3세관공무원에 의한 마약류 압수의 절차적 문제점과 해결방안 - 행정조사와 범죄수사의 구별론을 중심으로-

저자 : 김택수 ( Kim Taek-su )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 59-85 (27 pages)

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En 2013, la Cour de Cassation Coreenne avait admis qu`un agent de douane pourrait presenter un stupefiant devoilee au cours de dedouannement a l`autorite d`investigation au titre de detenteur sans un mandat de saisie. Contrairement en 2016, elle a declare que un agent de douane ayant le pouvoir de police judiciaire doit recevoir un mandat de saisie tendant a acquerir de telles substances a l`intention de recherche des preuves d`une infraction. Les problematiques sur le caractere juridique et l`exigence du principe de mandat a raison de la coexistance de la police judiciaire et administrative trouvent leur cause dans la structure de l`institution de la police judiciaire speciale qui connecte le pouvoir de l`enquete administrative avec le pouvoir de police judiciaire. Le model francais bien montre que l`agent de douane peut constater les delits douanniers flagrants en etablissant un proces-verbal de saisie alors que l`officiers de douane judiciaire ne peut exercer les missions de l`investigation administrative en meme temps. Pour resoudre ce probleme de l`exercise du cumul de pouvoirs judiciaire et administrative par un agent de douane, il faut reformer l`institution de l`officier de police judiciaire speciale a l`avenir, et, pour le present, attribuer aux agents des douanes le pouvoir de saisir les substances de stupefiant au cours de dedouanement dans le but administratif.

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4수사기관의 공무소 조회와 개인정보보호 - 헌법재판소 2014헌마368 사건을 중심으로 -

저자 : 유주성 ( Yoo Ju-sung )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 87-105 (19 pages)

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The right to informational self-determination is the individual right to control the circulation of personal information. The Korean Constitutional Court recognized the right to informational self-determination as a constitutional right. But this right can be restricted for the sake of national security, social order, and public interest, but its restriction should be based on a clear statutory rule and comply with the rule against excessive restriction. The Article 199-paragraph 2 of Criminal procedure Code stipulates that Public office can offer the personal informations that they collect for their work, to the criminal investigation agency who requests them for the purpose of criminal investigation. In recent years, it`s however criticized that the criminal investigation agency requests the personal informations too awful and public offices are offering mechanically the personal informations to the agency. Thus, this article has the purpose to find a `Due process of law` to harmonize the two constitutional values : l` efficiency of criminal investigation and l` effectiveness of the right to informational self-determination.

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5아동·청소년의 성보호에 관한 법률 제2조 4호의 아동·청소년이용음란물 정의에 대한 검토

저자 : 이건호 ( Lee Kun-ho )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 107-132 (26 pages)

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The child pornography is prohibited by the law in many countries and internationally. It means the pornography which depicts or reprensents the image of the child or adolescent acting actually or simulatedly some sexual acts or sexual intercourse. `The Protection of Child-Adolescent Against the Sex Crimes Act` prohibits the acts of making, carrying, selling, exhibiting, representing or possessing the child pornographies. The Act also prohibits the making, carrying or possesseing etc. of the virtual child pornographies. The Act prescribes the virtual pornography abstactively in number 5 of the article 2 as “the person or the representation which is recognizable as child or adolescent, who is represented and acts the sexual behavior or some of the other sort of sexual action, and that image includes the visual and pictorial image, video material, computer game, … `. But it is doubtful wheather the above mentioned provision is correctly prescribed the virtual child pornography, or wheather the provision breaches the definitive prescription standard of the Legality principles. The Constitutional Law Court decided the correctiveness of the clause in the constitutionality of the law case of the Act. The Court judged that the clause of the Act is definitive and clear, so the Act does not breached the constitutioality. But the minority opinion of the Court decided the case in opposite view. They judged the clause of the Act is abstract and ambiguous as the penal code, so they decided the clause breaches the definitive standard. The Act was reformed the clause of number 5 of the article 2 as more difinitive by inserting the word “is recognizable definitively”. But the difinitiveness of the clause is questioned as ever, because the words “representation” and “some of the other sort of sexual action” includes some abstractness and ambiguity. Also the appropriateness of the criminalization and punishing as crime against the children of the virtual child pornography is not obvious. The virtual material does not include any real child/juvenile image, and so any right or interest of real person of child/juvenile is infringed or attacked. It is just the moral sensitivity or ethical norms that the virtual material breaches or infringes. The effect of criminal justice system would be diminsished by punishing the virtual child pornography, and the citizen`s fundamental right for the art and expression could be brought in danger by the excessive regulation for the visual media. Because the abstractiveness and ambiguity of the Act is not removed by the reform of the clause. It is the more effective measure for the crimes against children and adolescent and the child pornography crime that criminal justice system fight to keep the children from behaviors such as corrupting the children. Such behaviors are for example, exposing, showing, spreading or selling the pornographic materials knowingly or on the purpose of infringing the right of children/adolescent in the way of easily being noticed to children or adolescent. These behaviors should be punished by more tough penalties like the countries such as Germany, Austria and France.

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6민간조사영업에서의 기본권 보장과 국가개입의 법리

저자 : 이성용 ( Lee Sung-yong )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 133-152 (20 pages)

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Previous studies on the private investigative system have led to the wrong direction of "legitimizing" existing illegal activities that collect information on privacy for commercial purposes. This study redefines the approach to private Investigation from the viewpoint of public law. The purpose of this study is to provide a framework of legal analysis to enable legitimate private investigation industry to be constructed and guaranteeing freedom of business activities through the strict regulation of business activities for private investigations that have already fallen into `the widespread illegal state`. In order to discuss the regulation or institutionalization of a particular occupation, the freedom of the occupation guaranteed by the Constitution should be the starting point. From a historical and comparative institutional perspective, private investigation has been naturally created and developed as a professional job to secure citizens` rights, and advanced countries are gradually adopting a strict regulatory system. From the market point of view, current private investigation regulatory policy is a complete failure, and under current legislation it is no longer possible to stop it with any kind of enforcement or control. The private investigation can not and should not be prohibited, as long as the right of the people to know is ascertained through the legitimate procedures permitted by law. However, in the market conditions where the boundary between legal and illegal is vague and more profit can be expected through illegal activities, it should be regulated through strict qualifications system and licensing system.

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7독일경찰법상 손실보상에 관한 연구

저자 : 이기춘 ( Lee Kee-chun )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 153-182 (30 pages)

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5. 4. 2013. ist die Vorschrift uber die Entschadigung oder Ausgleich ins koreanischen Polizeiaufgabengesetz eingefuhrt worden. Jetzt durch diese Vorschrift werden die Schaden der Nichtstorer und der freiwilligen Polizeihelfer sowie-sofern dem Ubermaßverbot entgegengestehen-der Storer ausgeglichen, Aber nach wie vor sind die rechtmaßige Maßnahmen die Voraussetzungen der Entschadigung und hat das Gesetz keine Vorschriften uber die Entschadigungsmoglichkeiten der mittelbaren Geschadigten und der Opfern der immateriellen Schaden und die rechtswidrigen Maßnahmenfalle, so daß es die wesentliche Grenzen haben mussen. Außerdem mussen die Problemen der Einfuhrung der polizeilichen Generalermachtigung ins unseren Polizeiaufgabengesetz und der Dispute von Anscheinsstorer sowie der ubermaßigen Verantwortlichkeit der Zustandsstorer zusammen mit diesen Diskussionen gelosen werden.

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8배상명령제도에 관한 비교법적 연구

저자 : 장응혁 ( Chang Eung-hyeok )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 14권 2호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 183-203 (21 pages)

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Compensation for the damage by criminals is a significant element to help victims. The South Korean system mostly depended on reconciliation made by individuals. However, it has developed recently to adopt criminal case meditation. The first measure was the compensation order which was developed in other jurisdictions. The compensation order is the most significant regime since it reimburses damage by criminals after convictions. The South Korean system is similar to the German. However, the German system is not generally employed because of several reasons. Now, it is time to reform the Korean system by considering other developed jurisdictions. The Japanese system should be another important example. In 2007, they established the compensation order by referring to the German system. However, unlike in Germany, they have often used the method to compensate for victims by serious crimes.

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