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국제불교문화사상사학회> International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture> The Literary Metaphor of the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World (離世間品) in the Huayan-jing (華嚴經)

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The Literary Metaphor of the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World (離世間品) in the Huayan-jing (華嚴經)

Gi Seon Kang
  • : 동국대학교 불교학술원
  • : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2015년 09월
  • : 29-47(19pages)
International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture

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This paper reviews the literary metaphor of the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World (離世間品) in the Huayan-jing (華嚴經, Flower Adornment Sutra; Skt. Avata.saka-s.tra). A metaphor is an imaginative way of describing something by referring to other similar things, not directly explaining something or phenomena. As we see from the title of the Flower Adornment Sutra, most of the Buddhist scriptures are based on such literary metaphors. “Flower Adornment” refers to a jade terrace or platform adorned by beautiful flowers. In the Flower Adornment Sutra, “flower” alludes to the practice of Samantabhadra (普賢行), the Avata.saka practice that merges all phenomena. The Huayan-jing is a scripture that preaches the transcendent and cosmocratic Vairocana "the luminous one" adorned with various kinds of flowers. Vairocana represents Buddhism``s most profound speculation on the emptiness and interpenetration of all elements in the universe. On the other hand the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World is a chapter of the Huayan-jing that explains the causal practice of enlightenment answered in 2,000 ways of practice as explained by Samantabhadra Bodhisattva (普賢菩 薩), who was responding to the 200 questions of Sarva-jnata Bodhisattva (普 慧菩薩). If we compare and analyze the content and literary metaphor of this chapter, we find a strong similarity with "twelve parts classification of the teaching (十二分敎)" of Buddhist scripture in terms of description style and forms. All the vast truth of the Huayan-jing is described in various forms of literary metaphor. Therefore, it is important to explore the common ground between literature and Buddhist scriptures for the future study of the Buddhist canon and modern literature. So a solid foundation of active examination and research should be established as early as possible. It will lead not only to inter-disciplinary communication but will also explore the potential of the literary factor hidden in the Huayan-jing.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2016-220-000358875

간행물정보

  • : 인문과학분야  > 종교학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 반년간
  • : 1598-7914
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2002-2015
  • : 232


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1Scriptural Hermeneutics as Practice: Zhiyi`s View on the Interpretation of Contemplating Mind

저자 : Yong Pyo Kim

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 7-28 (22 pages)

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The present study is concerned with the dynamic relationship between scriptural hermeneutics and practice for attaining enlightenment by focusing on interpretation based on the contemplation of mind as presented in the Fahua wenju of Zhiyi. It also attempts to compare Zhiyi's view Schleiermacher's psychological interpretation. Traditional Buddhist hermeneutics only focused on grammatical interpretation which was based on a logical interpretation of scriptural text. Zhiyi thought to bridge this gap by interpreting scripture based on the contemplation of mind, in terms of hearing, thinking, and practice. That was Zhiyi's solution to how we could attain the stage of enlightenment that transcends language even though we study the written word. Zhiyi's method requires tracing back the author's thought process to re-experience his enlightenment. It is the bridge between enlightenment and written scripture. Zhiyi regards each phrase of the scripture as the reader's own mind reflected in meditation. In this way, Zhiyi established a more dynamic form of hermeneutics by connecting the understanding of scripture with practice.

KCI등재

2The Literary Metaphor of the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World (離世間品) in the Huayan-jing (華嚴經)

저자 : Gi Seon Kang

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 29-47 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper reviews the literary metaphor of the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World (離世間品) in the Huayan-jing (華嚴經, Flower Adornment Sutra; Skt. Avata.saka-s.tra). A metaphor is an imaginative way of describing something by referring to other similar things, not directly explaining something or phenomena. As we see from the title of the Flower Adornment Sutra, most of the Buddhist scriptures are based on such literary metaphors. “Flower Adornment” refers to a jade terrace or platform adorned by beautiful flowers. In the Flower Adornment Sutra, “flower” alludes to the practice of Samantabhadra (普賢行), the Avata.saka practice that merges all phenomena. The Huayan-jing is a scripture that preaches the transcendent and cosmocratic Vairocana "the luminous one" adorned with various kinds of flowers. Vairocana represents Buddhism``s most profound speculation on the emptiness and interpenetration of all elements in the universe. On the other hand the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World is a chapter of the Huayan-jing that explains the causal practice of enlightenment answered in 2,000 ways of practice as explained by Samantabhadra Bodhisattva (普賢菩 薩), who was responding to the 200 questions of Sarva-jnata Bodhisattva (普 慧菩薩). If we compare and analyze the content and literary metaphor of this chapter, we find a strong similarity with "twelve parts classification of the teaching (十二分敎)" of Buddhist scripture in terms of description style and forms. All the vast truth of the Huayan-jing is described in various forms of literary metaphor. Therefore, it is important to explore the common ground between literature and Buddhist scriptures for the future study of the Buddhist canon and modern literature. So a solid foundation of active examination and research should be established as early as possible. It will lead not only to inter-disciplinary communication but will also explore the potential of the literary factor hidden in the Huayan-jing.

KCI등재

3A Mysterious Text from Tamraparniya (赤銅葉): Hermeneutical Strategy on Some Chinese Terms in Vimuttimagga

저자 : Kyung Rae Kim

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 49-81 (33 pages)

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Many scholars have usually attributed the *Vimuttimagga to the Abhayagiri school of medieval Sri Lanka. The salient feature of the text is, however, still ambiguous since the original text is lost. Although the Chinese translation of it, Jie tuo dao lun, is extant, it has many typographic errors and utilises unskilful terminology. It makes the text more mysterious in its origin, school affiliation and its doctrinal perspectives. Nevertheless, we have actual evidence for the text, namely, the fact that the text discusses the concept of bhava nga. As is well known, this concept is a distinctive doctrine of Tamrapar niya, which implies that the text is obviously from somewhere close to the isle of La nka. Therefore, at least, the section for the concept of bhava nga in the text is undoubtedly comparable to that in Pali texts. As a foundation for the future study of the text, this article tries to scrutinise the problematic terms found in the cognitive process section, which describes the active mind-moments based on the state of bhava nga, by comparing Pali abhidhamma. I hope it reveals the problems of the extant text, and the hermeneutical strategy for them.

KCI등재

4Conflict and Harmony between Buddhism and Chinese Culture

저자 : Guang Xing

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 83-105 (23 pages)

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When Buddhism was first introduced to China in the Han dynasty it met with a highly developed culture and civilization centered on Confucianism which emphasized on family life and society. Therefore, Buddhism faced a great challenge in its transmission and development in China as the Chinese way of life was very different from that of Buddhist. Although there had been conflicts among the three systems of thought namely Confucianism, Daoism and Buddhism, but integration is the mainstream in the development of Chinese cultural thought as both Buddhism and Chinese thought uphold the open attitude of mind. Buddhism assimilated many Chinese elements such as ancestor worship and the emphasis on filial piety. Daoism became a religion by assimilating Buddhist monasticism, ideas and thought and rituals and Confucianism revived itself and became neo-Confucianism by assimilating many Buddhist thought and ways of thinking. Thus, Chinese culture has developed into a system by uniting the three religions into one with Confucianism at the centre supported by Daoism and Buddhism. For over two thousand years, Buddhism has interacted with all levels of Chinese culture such as literature, philosophy, morality, arts, architecture and folk religions and beliefs. As a result, Buddhism has successfully integrated into the traditional Chinese culture and has become one of the three pillars. In this paper, I will concentrate on the intellectual exchange between Buddhism and Chinese culture and outline the major issues from the historical perspective.

KCI등재

5The Buddhist Ideology to Social Welfare

저자 : Hak Ju Kim

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 107-121 (15 pages)

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This article outlines the contribution of Buddhist ideology to social welfare. The Buddhist doctrine and philosophy of social welfare can be simplified into the following two words: reciprocity and interdependence. In order to achieve that goal in reality, the Buddha in old days already taught us the eight-four the Buddhist priesthood and gave the detailed explanation to the people in different book chapters. In accordance of the Buddhism, Social welfare theories and practices can help those activities by creating and managing an effective framework which can produce a maximum performance of meeting human needs (happiness) with related suppliers, beneficiaries, and supporting legislation, using limited resources: human and physical, organizational, institutional, and information resources.

KCI등재

6Kalyanamitta of Buddhism and Kantian Friendship as Path to Liberation

저자 : Venerable Phramaha Pairat Khienwong

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 123-141 (19 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Friendship is an essential need of human life as a song says, "Everybody needs a friend." There are a number of philosophers in the East and the West, in ancient, modern, and contemporary times who wrote on this topic. This article deals with the concept of friendship of two great thinkers of the world. One is a great philosopher of the West in the enlightenment period, Immanuel Kant. The other is a great philosopher and religious founder of the East, the Lord Buddha. While Kant maintains that true friendship is an "Ideal" or "Idea" which human beings can approach but will never achieve perfectly, the Lord Buddha confirms that Kalyanamitta or spiritual friendship is possible. The Lord Buddha claims that he himself is the true and the most perfect friend of living beings. Despite their great differences in opinions, they both share a lot of similarities in key issues on the topic of friendship. This article deals with the idea of friendship in three parts: 1) friendship according to the idea of Kant, 2) friendship according to the teaching of the Lord Buddha, and 3) an analysis and synthesis of the ideas of the two great philosophers.

KCI등재

7Religious Meaning of Zhiyi`s Interpretation of "Invocation and Marvelous Response (感應妙)" :Focusing on Fahua xuanyi (法華玄義)

저자 : Kyung Sook Kang

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 143-155 (13 pages)

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(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

To all religious people, ``invocation and response (感應)`` is the driving force behind faith. In Buddhism, it is the communion of the Buddha``s mind with the mind of the practitioner. To be more specific, it is the mindset of faith and/or the inherent good within sentient beings that interacts and communicates with the minds of buddhas and bodhisattvas; this causes the buddhas and bodhisattvas to respond. Thus, it is a recognition of our mindset of faith by the Buddha and his response to it. The Lotus Sutra preaches most vividly the concept of ``invocation and response`` between Buddha and practitioners. Furthermore, the Lotus Sutra was the basis for the Beophwa Yeongheom-jeon (法華靈驗傳, Miraculous Talks of the Lotus Sutra) which explains miraculous cases of ``invocation and response`` in China and Korea. Tiantai Zhiyi (天台智議, 538-97), technically listed as the fourth patriarch but also the de facto founder of the Tiantai school in China, explained ``invocation and response`` in the interpretation of ``Invocation and Marvelous Response (感應妙)`` in his book Fahua xuanyi (法華玄義, Profound Meaning of the Lotus Sutra). He said ``invocation and response`` is an interaction of the empathy or receptivity of sentient beings and the response (``grace``) of a buddha or the Dharma.

1
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KCI등재

1Scriptural Hermeneutics as Practice: Zhiyi`s View on the Interpretation of Contemplating Mind

저자 : Yong Pyo Kim

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 7-28 (22 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

The present study is concerned with the dynamic relationship between scriptural hermeneutics and practice for attaining enlightenment by focusing on interpretation based on the contemplation of mind as presented in the Fahua wenju of Zhiyi. It also attempts to compare Zhiyi's view Schleiermacher's psychological interpretation. Traditional Buddhist hermeneutics only focused on grammatical interpretation which was based on a logical interpretation of scriptural text. Zhiyi thought to bridge this gap by interpreting scripture based on the contemplation of mind, in terms of hearing, thinking, and practice. That was Zhiyi's solution to how we could attain the stage of enlightenment that transcends language even though we study the written word. Zhiyi's method requires tracing back the author's thought process to re-experience his enlightenment. It is the bridge between enlightenment and written scripture. Zhiyi regards each phrase of the scripture as the reader's own mind reflected in meditation. In this way, Zhiyi established a more dynamic form of hermeneutics by connecting the understanding of scripture with practice.

KCI등재

2The Literary Metaphor of the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World (離世間品) in the Huayan-jing (華嚴經)

저자 : Gi Seon Kang

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 29-47 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This paper reviews the literary metaphor of the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World (離世間品) in the Huayan-jing (華嚴經, Flower Adornment Sutra; Skt. Avata.saka-s.tra). A metaphor is an imaginative way of describing something by referring to other similar things, not directly explaining something or phenomena. As we see from the title of the Flower Adornment Sutra, most of the Buddhist scriptures are based on such literary metaphors. “Flower Adornment” refers to a jade terrace or platform adorned by beautiful flowers. In the Flower Adornment Sutra, “flower” alludes to the practice of Samantabhadra (普賢行), the Avata.saka practice that merges all phenomena. The Huayan-jing is a scripture that preaches the transcendent and cosmocratic Vairocana "the luminous one" adorned with various kinds of flowers. Vairocana represents Buddhism``s most profound speculation on the emptiness and interpenetration of all elements in the universe. On the other hand the Chapter of Detachment from the Mundane World is a chapter of the Huayan-jing that explains the causal practice of enlightenment answered in 2,000 ways of practice as explained by Samantabhadra Bodhisattva (普賢菩 薩), who was responding to the 200 questions of Sarva-jnata Bodhisattva (普 慧菩薩). If we compare and analyze the content and literary metaphor of this chapter, we find a strong similarity with "twelve parts classification of the teaching (十二分敎)" of Buddhist scripture in terms of description style and forms. All the vast truth of the Huayan-jing is described in various forms of literary metaphor. Therefore, it is important to explore the common ground between literature and Buddhist scriptures for the future study of the Buddhist canon and modern literature. So a solid foundation of active examination and research should be established as early as possible. It will lead not only to inter-disciplinary communication but will also explore the potential of the literary factor hidden in the Huayan-jing.

KCI등재

3A Mysterious Text from Tamraparniya (赤銅葉): Hermeneutical Strategy on Some Chinese Terms in Vimuttimagga

저자 : Kyung Rae Kim

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 49-81 (33 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Many scholars have usually attributed the *Vimuttimagga to the Abhayagiri school of medieval Sri Lanka. The salient feature of the text is, however, still ambiguous since the original text is lost. Although the Chinese translation of it, Jie tuo dao lun, is extant, it has many typographic errors and utilises unskilful terminology. It makes the text more mysterious in its origin, school affiliation and its doctrinal perspectives. Nevertheless, we have actual evidence for the text, namely, the fact that the text discusses the concept of bhava nga. As is well known, this concept is a distinctive doctrine of Tamrapar niya, which implies that the text is obviously from somewhere close to the isle of La nka. Therefore, at least, the section for the concept of bhava nga in the text is undoubtedly comparable to that in Pali texts. As a foundation for the future study of the text, this article tries to scrutinise the problematic terms found in the cognitive process section, which describes the active mind-moments based on the state of bhava nga, by comparing Pali abhidhamma. I hope it reveals the problems of the extant text, and the hermeneutical strategy for them.

KCI등재

4Conflict and Harmony between Buddhism and Chinese Culture

저자 : Guang Xing

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 83-105 (23 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

When Buddhism was first introduced to China in the Han dynasty it met with a highly developed culture and civilization centered on Confucianism which emphasized on family life and society. Therefore, Buddhism faced a great challenge in its transmission and development in China as the Chinese way of life was very different from that of Buddhist. Although there had been conflicts among the three systems of thought namely Confucianism, Daoism and Buddhism, but integration is the mainstream in the development of Chinese cultural thought as both Buddhism and Chinese thought uphold the open attitude of mind. Buddhism assimilated many Chinese elements such as ancestor worship and the emphasis on filial piety. Daoism became a religion by assimilating Buddhist monasticism, ideas and thought and rituals and Confucianism revived itself and became neo-Confucianism by assimilating many Buddhist thought and ways of thinking. Thus, Chinese culture has developed into a system by uniting the three religions into one with Confucianism at the centre supported by Daoism and Buddhism. For over two thousand years, Buddhism has interacted with all levels of Chinese culture such as literature, philosophy, morality, arts, architecture and folk religions and beliefs. As a result, Buddhism has successfully integrated into the traditional Chinese culture and has become one of the three pillars. In this paper, I will concentrate on the intellectual exchange between Buddhism and Chinese culture and outline the major issues from the historical perspective.

KCI등재

5The Buddhist Ideology to Social Welfare

저자 : Hak Ju Kim

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 107-121 (15 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

This article outlines the contribution of Buddhist ideology to social welfare. The Buddhist doctrine and philosophy of social welfare can be simplified into the following two words: reciprocity and interdependence. In order to achieve that goal in reality, the Buddha in old days already taught us the eight-four the Buddhist priesthood and gave the detailed explanation to the people in different book chapters. In accordance of the Buddhism, Social welfare theories and practices can help those activities by creating and managing an effective framework which can produce a maximum performance of meeting human needs (happiness) with related suppliers, beneficiaries, and supporting legislation, using limited resources: human and physical, organizational, institutional, and information resources.

KCI등재

6Kalyanamitta of Buddhism and Kantian Friendship as Path to Liberation

저자 : Venerable Phramaha Pairat Khienwong

발행기관 : 동국대학교 불교학술원 간행물 : International Journal of Buddhist Thought & Culture 25권 0호 발행 연도 : 2015 페이지 : pp. 123-141 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Friendship is an essential need of human life as a song says, "Everybody needs a friend." There are a number of philosophers in the East and the West, in ancient, modern, and contemporary times who wrote on this topic. This article deals with the concept of friendship of two great thinkers of the world. One is a great philosopher of the West in the enlightenment period, Immanuel Kant. The other is a great philosopher and religious founder of the East, the Lord Buddha. While Kant maintains that true friendship is an "Ideal" or "Idea" which human beings can approach but will never achieve perfectly, the Lord Buddha confirms that Kalyanamitta or spiritual friendship is possible. The Lord Buddha claims that he himself is the true and the most perfect friend of living beings. Despite their great differences in opinions, they both share a lot of similarities in key issues on the topic of friendship. This article deals with the idea of friendship in three parts: 1) friendship according to the idea of Kant, 2) friendship according to the teaching of the Lord Buddha, and 3) an analysis and synthesis of the ideas of the two great philosophers.

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

To all religious people, ``invocation and response (感應)`` is the driving force behind faith. In Buddhism, it is the communion of the Buddha``s mind with the mind of the practitioner. To be more specific, it is the mindset of faith and/or the inherent good within sentient beings that interacts and communicates with the minds of buddhas and bodhisattvas; this causes the buddhas and bodhisattvas to respond. Thus, it is a recognition of our mindset of faith by the Buddha and his response to it. The Lotus Sutra preaches most vividly the concept of ``invocation and response`` between Buddha and practitioners. Furthermore, the Lotus Sutra was the basis for the Beophwa Yeongheom-jeon (法華靈驗傳, Miraculous Talks of the Lotus Sutra) which explains miraculous cases of ``invocation and response`` in China and Korea. Tiantai Zhiyi (天台智議, 538-97), technically listed as the fourth patriarch but also the de facto founder of the Tiantai school in China, explained ``invocation and response`` in the interpretation of ``Invocation and Marvelous Response (感應妙)`` in his book Fahua xuanyi (法華玄義, Profound Meaning of the Lotus Sutra). He said ``invocation and response`` is an interaction of the empathy or receptivity of sentient beings and the response (``grace``) of a buddha or the Dharma.

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